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Economic impacts of the Padma bridge in Bangladesh

The proposed Padma Bridge will be a multipurpose road-rail bridge across the Padma River. When
completed it will be the largest bridge in Bangladesh and the first fixed river-crossing for road traffic.
The under-construction Padma Bridge, due to be opened to traffic by the end of 2018 to serve as
gateway between the capital city Dhaka and 21 South-Western districts, is changing people's mindset
with hopes for rapid and vast socio-economic developments. Economists predict once the bridge
becomes operational, it is expected to push growth of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) up by
1.2 per cent and create employment opportunities for 10 million people.

The Padma Multipurpose Bridge will transform the lives of nearly 30 million people living in the
country's southwest region, promoting industrial and commercial activities and increasing economic and
employment opportunities, according to various studies and reviews on the major economic impact of
the bridge project. At least 30 million people, almost one-fifth of the country’s total population, will
directly benefit from the bridge, according to a study by the World Bank.

In a study, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) said that the construction of the Padma Bridge would
significantly help improve various sectors of the economy nationally and regionally. "With the bridge,
capital inflow will increase, promoting industrial and commercial activity and increasing economic and
employment opportunities for the local population," the ADB said. Besides, the ADB said that the people
of the region would have better access to health-care facilities available in Dhaka while easier
communication would help to expand better education and training facilities, ensuring the availability of
the quality workers required for sustainable economic growth.

Each taka being invested in the Padma Bridge will produce about Tk 2 worth of social good, says a
research report. A US nonprofit think-tank, Copenhagen Consensus Center came up with this finding in
its research. According to the research calculation: “Over the 31 years following completion of the
bridge, overall benefits to road users from these two sources are projected to be Tk 1.3 trillion
(Tk130,000crore).”

a result of findings about financial exclusion and its direct correlation to poverty. The government has accordingly led proactively with the country's progress in sustainable development. garment workers. Bangladesh Bank.Financial inclusion or inclusive financing is the delivery of financial services at affordable costs to sections of disadvantaged and low-income segments of society. BANGLADESH has made a broad social commitment for inclusive. with policy thrusts on massive digitization to support financial inclusion and inclusive growth. . as espoused in the new sustainable development goals. ) Bank-led mobile banking (Mobile banking in Bangladesh continues to grow fast. equitable and environmentally sustainable socioeconomic growth 'leaving no-one behind'. scaling a new height last year with 53 percent growth year-on-year. the number of Tk 10 account holders—who are mostly farmers. is supporting the government's efforts with its own initiatives by promoting financial inclusion and environmentally sustainable financing. the country's central bank. The term "financial inclusion" has gained importance since the early 2000s. city corporation cleaning workers. freedom fighters and social safety net beneficiaries—stood at around 1.87 crore. Some of the inclusive financial products are - Ten-taka (12 cents) bank accounts for millions of farmers and social safety net beneficiaries (The central bank approved a Tk 200 crore refinancing scheme to provide loans to Tk 10 account holders . As of September this year.

100 crore from its own fund as well as funds from development partners.605 million.28 crore in 2014.773. the industry saw Tk 157.000 crore are going to SMEs every year.155.31 crore in transactions through mobile phones -.37 crore in transactions. Currently.147. Loans of nearly BDT 100.77 crore last year. rising from Tk 8. BB has launched a number of refinancing schemes involving BDT 2.28 billion.) School banking (at the end of December last year. showing a deposit of Tk 1.596. The average monthly transactions made through mobile phones stood at more than Tk 13. the mobile banking industry saw Tk 103.716. according to a report of Bangladesh Bank.340 crore. the average savings in these accounts work out to about Tk 5. In 2014. there were 133.719 in 46 banks until June this year. ) .35 lakh SMEs got loans to the tune of BDT 262. about 18.the amount being more than half the country's national budget. ) SME loans for women entrepreneurs (The central bank has launched target-based credit activities for banks. Between 2010 and 2015. The number of such accounts rose to 224.In 2015.000 accounts in 45 banks with a total deposit of Tk 9.

SMALL and medium enterprises (SMEs) are treated as the engines of growth and drivers of innovation worldwide. The 2003 Private Sector Survey estimated that there are about 6 million micro. . Their total contribution to export earnings varies from 75 percent to 80 percent. SMEs are playing a vital role for the country's accelerated industrialization and economic growth. about 90 percent of total industrial units and about 25 percent of the labor force. small and medium enterprises.754 establishments. The industrial sector makes up 31 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP)."SMEs in economy of Bangladesh/Role of SMEs/Status of SMEs in BD" ACCORDING to the National Industrial Policy 2010. According to the available information provided by Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. any firm employing more than 10 but less than 25 workers is called a micro-enterprise. They account for about 45 percent of manufacturing value addition. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are expected to play a pivotal role in achieving the goals of poverty alleviation as envisaged in the current development paradigm. private and foreign banks disburse half of all farm loans and a third of these are going to SMEs. 93. About 60 to 65 percent of all SMEs are located outside the metropolitan areas of Dhaka and Chittagong.The central bank has been at the forefront of SME development in Bangladesh. BB has been instrumental in designing and implementing SME sector development initiatives as part of its development financing agenda.4 percent are medium. A medium enterprise employs 100 to 249 workers in Bangladesh. In line with government's thrust. the sector is actually changing the face of the economy. The government has rightly identified SMEs as the priority sector for transforming Bangladesh into a middle-income country. In Bangladesh. SMEs now occupy an important position in the national economy. The country's SME sector has created 15 lakh jobs between 2009 and June 2014. employment generation and reducing poverty. They play a significant role in driving economic growth and generating jobs.6 percent are small and 6. about 80 percent of industrial employment. Of them. most of which is coming from SMEs. Central banks role . with fewer than 100 employees. The total number of SMEs in Bangladesh is estimated to be 79. If the number of workers employed remains between 25 to 99. Now. the enterprise is identified as small.

“DIGITAL BANGLADESH” Digital Bangladesh means she will be an e-state. Bangladesh needs to maximize the benefits derived from the SME sector. BB has already become the role model in SME financing in the international arena within a span of only five years. The central bank has launched target-based credit activities for banks. as this sector plays a pivotal role in promoting and sustaining the industrial as well as overall economic growth. Bangladesh has a goal of achieving Digital Bangladesh in 2021. about 18. education. The activities of governance. Its initiatives are being studied by other central banks of the world. BB has launched a number of refinancing schemes involving BDT 2. (b) connecting citizens in ways most meaningful to them. Digital Bangladesh is one of the nation's dreams. will be powered by computer and internet.100 crore from its own fund as well as funds from development partners. commerce. Loans of nearly BDT 100. and.35 lakh SMEs got loans to the tune of BDT 262. It is worth noting that SMEs that invest in technology and those with high labor productivity are more likely to be part of the GVC (global value chains) . and so special emphasis is given on the application of digital technologies to realize Vision 2021. (d) Making the private sector and market more productive and competitive through the use of digital technology. (c) taking services to citizens‟ doorsteps. agriculture etc. SMEs in Bangladesh should see whether they could be part of this new phenomenon. which .340 crore.BB has shown the world that a central bank can successfully manage its traditional role of monetary authority while playing the complementary role of development driver. The goal of establishing such digital country would bring success in the ICT (Information Communication-Technology) sector which cannot be ignored this 21st century. Between 2010 and 2015. „Digital Bangladesh‟ vision has four key priorities – (a) developing human resources ready for the 21st century.000 crore are going to SMEs every year. The central bank is regularly receiving delegates from other central banks who are looking at the country's success stories.

5 million underserved citizens with access every month to a wide array of more than 60 digital services. But the vision "Digital Bangladesh" encompasses the whole arena of a knowledge based Digital Economy.” It is necessary to mention that in the short run "Digital Bangladesh" aims at E-Governance and service delivery through utilizing ICT.” said Principal Secretary of the Prime Minister‟s Office (PMO) and Chair of the Steering Committee for Access to Information Programme (a2i). National ICT Policy-2009 was developed with a view to achieve middle-income status of the nation by 2021 and developed status by 2041. By mandating that one of the two entrepreneurs managing these Digital Centers is a woman. we ensure a more gender-sensitive service delivery environment. with over 12 crore mobile subscribers and 4. By 2021.000 Digital Centres that were established in all rural and urban local government institutions around the country. Several projects for digitalization have been completed and a big number of projects are under progress. Bangladesh can't afford to achieve that goal in the short and medium run. PMO is leading the Digital Bangladesh Vision 2021 agenda of the government facilitated bya2i with technical assistance from the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). short-term.we commonly call Digital Bangladesh. after 50 years of independence. The nation now. “Our effort will focus specifically on achieving greater financial inclusion through our more than 5. The ultimate objective is to make more and more services available at the doorsteps of the people with increased digitization where possible. prosperity and dignity. According to the National ICT Policy-2009. works are in progress for the realization of Digital Bangladesh. “These Centers already provide an average of 4. technocrats and IT experts have to focus on . our goal is to be a middle-income country with peace. enjoys the fruits of digitization in numerous areas of activities.3 crore Internet subscribers. mid-term and long- term plans consisting of 306 action plans have been identified for the realization of Vision 2021 In spite of several bottlenecks and limitations. The thinkers. The government of Bangladesh implemented a large number of projects relating to digital technologies and a number of these are already underway.

the short run issues and measures the present Government should undertake to digitalize Bangladesh. PSC. Land Department. Digitalized institutions like Bangladesh Bank. However our dream towards digital Bangladesh has a long way to go. Tax Collection. Tax Department. It is important to start digitalizing service delivery organs like Police. Insurance. ACC and other vital institution to go a step ahead towards Good Governance. EC. Customs. Water supply. . Our government must take proactive steps to take technology to rural citizens. NBR. City corporation. Digitalization of Bangladesh will depend how best the Government can leverage the power of ICT to increase the access to information of its population. Gas and other authorities also including sectors like Banking. PDB. UGC.

Private sector plays a huge role in improving the living standards of people. He said.000 crore or nearly 22 per cent growth from the poor investment made in the outgoing financial year. gas . officials concerned said. lack of transparency in various field etc. the share of investment in value needs to be accelerated to 32. told The New Nation on recently . “ Private sector investment: Status and suggestions” The country‟s economic growth and development strongly depends on private sector. Former Bangladesh Bank governor Mohammed Farashuddin at a workshop of Economic Reporters‟ Forum in the capital said that the responsibility rested with the government to help boost private sector investment. The figure shows the current scenario of the Private sector investment in Bangladesh.3 per cent in the next 2016-17 financial year against 21. a gap of above Tk 80. The private investment has been stagnant for past few years in BD.78 per cent in the revised estimate for the outgoing 2015-16 financial year.” he noted. By overcoming these pitfalls the next budget is likely to envisage a huge private sector investment in the economy. He insisted on lowering interest rates by the private sector banks so that investors could feel encouraged to park their fund to propel growth in the private sector business and subsequently contribute to the growth of the national economy. lack of good governance. . The national economy seems to be trapped under a 6. a distinguished fellow of Center for Policy Dialogue (CPD).0 per cent growth due mainly to lack of investment. Debapriya Bhattacharya further said the investors need supportive policies along with congenial political environment for the security and return of their investment. sustainable infrastructure. Bangladesh targets a GDP growth of 8 per cent in its Seventh Five Year Plan. as the issue required pro-business and investment-minded economic policies. Investment is not accelerating due to lack of proper policy and investment promotion strategies. A strategic plan with various fiscal incentives for the investors is a must to gear up the investment scenario further. It will raise the contribution of private sector investment to gross domestic product to 23.” Debapriya Bhattacharya. If the country wants to achieve the target.5 per cent from current 28 per cent. lack of sufficient electricity. “We cannot overcome such sluggish investment scenario unless investors are being facilitated by planned way. political unrest. The major reasons for the stagnant position in private sector invests are higher interest rate of bank loan.

they don't give any single coin to agriculture sector. But now-a-days. In 1981. According to the new GDP measurement system. But Unfortunately.365 crore as a deposit which is 35 percent of total credit. default culture . The rescue of agriculture revenue is hearty than others sectors and this credit directly affects the agricultural production. it provides about 22 percent of our GDP. Bank have played a vital role in economy by providing credit for performing economic activities and at the sometime conglomerate the surplus capital from general public through different types of depository incentives. Lack of any one or all these prerequisites would not bring only disaster for the country also cost the real sector. which is lucid from different statistical data. fishery and foresty sector whether it has reduced into half at percent. the portion of credit has decreased in agriculture.The Role of Banking Sector in the Economic Development of Bangladesh Banks are mainstream of the financial system of a country. business mentioned by Bangladesh Bank and how much wells banks perform these sectors. this sector performance is very weak in our country and participation of GDP in this sector is 17. industry. Though the total amount of credit increases day by day. as a credit. Agriculture is the main sector of our economy. Now-a-days almost 14. At present 44 private and foreign commercial banks have to continue their activities. They contain collectively TK 20.79 percent. One reason of gets more credit in business sector is that the probability of default loan is comparatively low vis-a-vis other sectors.47 percent of GDP comes from merchandise sector. Our government has taken various types of reform programs time to time making banking system more effective so that positive impact of banking system on our everyday life in economic activities can be more realized. Banking system must be robust. Business sector has become major role playing sector in our economy. resilent and sound for efficient inter-mediation of financial resources. This sector gets the highest credit from commercial banks. Industrial sector acts as a main sector of GDP in the developed countries but unfortunately. Hence we discuss the major sectors of economy like agriculture.

In this time National Commercial Banks and PCB's provided 7.9 percent of total credit in other sectors. Only garments artistry takes on prominent credit is TK 786 crore and TK 878 crore respectively provided by private and national commercial banks provide 24 percent of total credit in business sector and it is only 14. But we are not hopeless rather by taking steps we will reach our ambitious target. Bangladesh government has taken different types of reform according to demand of era.Though banking sector is the life-blood of our financial system. Some projects are run by bank with the help of government to wipe-out poverty are as follows: 1. .Self-reliance loan project through the self-reliance Bangladesh and financed by Sonali Bank. functional arena of bank is rather narrow than wide range and performance of handsome banks is not quite good. but this types of reform don't make our banking system international standard.has also increased in trading sector.15 percent of their total credit and Private Commercial Banks provided 10. As the branches of bank are available everywhere from downtown area to remotest rural area government uses this channel to provide any financial benefit quickly. Kustia and Jessore area with the help of Sonali Bank.Small and landless farmers development project by Janata Bank. Small and marginal farming. Bank is one of the main means of government by which government can implement different types of step for eradicating poverty. Foreign Commercial Banks have provided 39.Rural poor co-operative project in greater Rajshahi.31 percent in case of foreign banks. 3. 2.21 percent of total credit in other sectors.

 In a few instances. Bangladesh will have the opportunity to draw strength from being a star performer of the MDGs.especially those relating to growth.  A look at some of the goals and targets of SDGs -. Sustainable Development Goals and Bangladesh Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) refers to an agreement of the United Nations Conference on sustainable development to develop a set of future international development goals. Bangladesh’s achievements in the MDG era are as follows:  Bangladesh has made a considerable achievement by reducing the number of people living in extreme poverty  The issue of gender parity in primary schools has been met . quantitative targets are specified for least-developed countries (LDCs). On 25th September of 2015 -leaders of 193 countries of the world unanimously adopted the post-2015 international development agenda for the period of 2015-2030. tackle the adverse effects of climate change and ensure a sustainable future for all. indicates an emphasis on qualitative aspects of development. there are a number of significant differences between the two. Bangladesh Context In taking on SDGs. SDGs is the framework for g- lobal development after the terminal year (2015) of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Apart from the simple fact that SDGs contain a much larger number of goals covering a broader set of issues compared to MDGs and hence make the agenda more challenging. education. fight inequality. health.  SDGs are meant for all countries not just for developing countries. employment.  As for fighting poverty. With 17 goals and 169 targets SDGs represents a bold new agenda to end poverty. non-income dimensions are also emphasised. in addition to the income dimension.

The key challenges for Bangladesh for implementing the SDGs as 1. sanitary latrines. Data for Monitoring 5. child dropout being 10 percent by creating 100 percent education facility. Institutional mechanism for implementation 4. Financial and non-financial resources 3. Participation and accountability Attainment of the SDGs would require a strong and effective institutional mechanism involving all stakeholders including public representatives across the country. Integration in the national planning process 2. we as a developing country are on track compared to other developed nations Bangladesh has fixed 47 targets in various 9 sector for coming SDGs proposal. education and health issues. civil society. Poverty eradication. gender equality etc. and development partners. communicable diseases have been somewhat halted and deaths as a result have been averted  In terms of access to improved drinking water. violence against women reduce 75 percent. we have achieved this way before 2015  Maternal mortality has taken a sharp dive while. government and the bureaucracy. at the same time. child mortality and metarnal mortality. The SDGs targets including child-right establish in the due time and child-labor reduce half. Allocation 20 percent for technical and training sector out of total allocation of the education sector. ShareShare Sus tainable Develop ment Goals (SDGs ) and Bangl . and use of digital media.  In terms of reducing the rate of children dying before their 5th birthday by more than half since 1990. private sector. knowledge community.

The country is proceeding steadfastly to attain the upper-middle income status in the coming decade or so. *income and gender equality. equitable and environmentally sustainable socioeconomic growth 'leaving no-one behind'. *Open Data Initiatives. *highly interactive website for government entities. * Enterprise Data Warehouse. *Union Information *and Service Centre. e-education. Bangladesh has targeted the new trajectory of 7 percent plus growth from the current fiscal year. to reap the benefit of a digitised economy. is supporting the government's efforts with its own initiatives by promoting financial inclusion and environmentally sustainable financing. the core banking solution for the central bank and commercial banks. * education. Major macroeconomic indicators such as inflation. as espoused in the new sustainable development goals. Bangladesh has introduced: *developed and implemented broad-based networking. Financial Inclusion BANGLADESH has made a broad social commitment for inclusive. Bangladesh has proudly joined the (lower) middle income group. exports. Credit Information Bureau's online services. e-tendering. The government has accordingly led pro actively with the country's progress in sustainable development. remittances and fiscal position remained benign over the last decade. electronic fund transfer. particularly in * poverty alleviation. *adaptation to climate change. performance on the social indicators has been quite commendable. In recent years. the country's central bank. alongside mitigation and adaptation response to climate change threats. Bangladesh has maintained a stable performance on macroeconomic indicators by registering a growth rate of more than 6 percent for the last few years. Along with sound macroeconomic fundamentals. Bangladesh Bank. Despite having world economic shock in the recent past. *reduction of infant and maternal mortality *and women's empowerment. . With all these policies in mind. e-learning and various apps to provide optimum opportunities to citizens. Enterprise Resource Planning. with policy thrusts on massive digitisation to support financial inclusion and inclusive growth. With steady economic and social performance.

To keep pace with those visions. A new dimension has also been added to the supervisory framework to combat corruption. After shaping up all these retail channels. These accounts also encourage the users to enter the legal financial system and develop a habit of saving. Moreover. which has now been into a single thread. city corporation cleaners. . and national payment switch for interoperability of all plastic card-based services have been set up. But under RTGS. decentralised and qualitative customer services. SME. small life insurance holders. provide salaries. In connection to these broad objectives. make payments on behalf of customers. garment workers. need-based regulations have been formulated for agriculture. The cumulative outcome of these steps is quick service and skill development in the financial sector.cheque imaging and truncation based automated clearing. Bangladesh Bank has issued different circulars regarding the opening of no-frills accounts for underserved segments such as farmers. Bangladesh Bank has adopted diverse initiatives to accelerate the pace of financial inclusion through formulating and implementing inclusive policy measures. For the last few years. and disbursement of loans under refinance schemes. Bangladesh has been trying to ensure sustainable growth through alleviating poverty by reaching out to a large number of people at the bottom of the pyramid using different development tools. All these concerted efforts to digitise the country have ensured rapid. government subsidy-holders. transparent. students and street children after completing simplified KYC formalities. collect utility bills. freedom fighters. The unique opportunity of opening no-frills bank accounts is actively serving as a channel to disburse safety net programmes funds or other allowances from government. transparency in the financial transaction has also been increasing steadily. physically challenged people. collect remittances. in most cases. helping the rural economy. Mobile financial services have become the key tool of financial inclusion initiatives. agent banking. natural disaster affected people. money is being channelled from urban to rural areas. Bangladesh has recently launched real-time gross settlement or RTGS for high value payment. high-value interbank payments are done on the same day. interbank high-value claims and obligations will be settled instantly. sustainable banking and other environment friendly and productive sectors. and disburse adequate credit including easy agricultural loans from refinancing schemes. Moreover. Under the present system.

Many times people may be confused as to the classification of what constitutes cyber crime. spamming) or is used as a tool to commit an offense . With a global population of almost 7. identity theft. Besides. Common types of cybercrime include online bank information theft. The attempt could not be fulfilled in totality following a typo that alerted one of the routing banks and transaction . Crimes that target computer networks or devices. In February 2016. 2 Crimes that use computer networks to advance other criminal activities. They requested the funds of Bangladesh be transferred to a bank in the Philippines. due to lack of tangible nature. Cybercrime is defined as a crime in which a computer is the object of the crime (hacking. More serious crimes like cyber terrorism are also of significant concern. solving cybercrime is one of the world’s current digital challenges. Criminals can also use computers for communication and document or data storage. the hackers accessed Bangladesh central bank’s transfer codes and sent payment transfer requests worth $1 billon to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. cyber crime refers to any illegal action that is committed through an electronic-based medium or targets a computer-based platform. It has opened the gates to the information superhighway connecting the rest of the world to whole a lot of information and to all corners of the world at once.Cybercriminals may use computer technology to access personal information. Basically. Cybercrime does not know the border. The same technology that brings people of the world closer together has a darker side. online predatory crimes and unauthorized computer access. Cyber crime in financial sectors The use of internet has become the part and parcel of every educated person in this world. Criminals who perform these illegal activities are often referred to as hackers. corrupt. but these can generally be broken into two categories: 1. This incident challenges the ability of existing mechanisms in preventing such incidents. or use the Internet for exploitive or malicious purposes. These types of crimes include cyber stalking and fraud or identity theft. The theft of $101 million from the reserves of the Bangladesh Bank has proved the vulnerability of financial institutions to cyber crime syndicates. destroy. Although this classification is somewhat confusing. defraud and exploit.5 billion and an Internet population of 42%. making it easier for criminal or malicious elements to steal. the theft highlights the need for strengthening the international cooperation in tackling cyber crime. business trade secrets. These types of crimes include viruses and denial-of-service (DoS) attacks. Cybercrime encompasses a wide range of activities.

Bangladesh has made significant economic growth in past few years. The government claims that the present fraud took place due to management failure of the payment system and the IT department. the government has formed an enquiry commission. . Given the rising incidents of cyber crimes. Taka 1 crore was withdrawn from ATMs of several banks by fraudsters. Repetition of such incidents will affect the economy. which is undergoing digitisation. The theft of such a large amount from national reserves astonished many in Bangladesh and abroad. the country had maintained more than 6 per cent growth in the past 10 years. Doubts are being expressed about the country’s preparedness to protect its financial infrastructure. The government has also formulated a cyber security law. Protecting financial sectors from future cyber crimes is need of the hour. Last year. there is urgent need for upgrading the country’s financial infrastructure offering services over cyber space. The hackers misspelled the name of the non-profit organisation in Sri Lanka against which the transfer was requested. But the hackers were successful in siphoning $81 million in the initial four transactions. To investigate the case. Cause for worry The rising incidents of cyber frauds in the financial sector have become a cause of worry .was stopped.

vocational skill training. read the article like it categorically denied legal protections and humanitarian assistance.To formulate a well migrant policy comply with international standards.They are one of the 136 ethnic groups in Myanmar had been most widely used as a political Pawn in the country.computer training and primary and secondary healthcare to prepare them for better life when they voluntarily return to their Homeland. Bangladesh is a peaceful country since the emergence of Bangladesh. However the real explanation is more complex. while another 20000 are in unofficial camps. to keep pressuring Myanmar government through some ASEAN member countries and International NGOs. is Bangladesh own poverty and economical framework policy. In conclusion. . Her foreign policy is Friendship to all but malice to none.She has been living in peaceful co-existence.The UNHCR and other internal NGOs have offered numerous proposal for ways to improve the situation. The rohingya are being tryannized by the Myanmar government for which they have entered into Bangladesh as a political victim and as a refugee. Finally. Rohingyas constitute 1% of total population and 4% of the Arakhan state population of Myanmar. seeking support from United Nations and UNHCR to handle the situation. Refugee International estimates that 29000 Rohingya live in official refugee camps in Bangladesh. Bangladesh refuses to act. Although they have become pawns in the game of colonial and postcolonial politics. Then.The Bangladesh government has introduced free education upto class 6. the homeland of Muslim Bengali. Although the UNHCR has expressed its willingness to help the Bangladeshi government cover the cost of additional services and registering refugees. The Rohingya from Myanmar has become a major problem for Bangladesh. Now around 32000 registered Rohingyas are living in 2 refugee camp in Ukhia aand Teknaf. Besides. Why the Bangladesh. Firstly. reluctant to take on more Muslim Rohingya refugees? An obvious answer it would seem. but the government continues to drag its feet. 3-5 lakhs undocumented Rohingyas are staying in different parts of Bangladesh. Bangladesh trying to resolve the growing Rohingya crisis using international channels Secondly.Bangladesh has proven to be recalcitrant on the Rohingya issues for 2 closely interwined reasons such as Governmental incapacity and a complex Bangladesh and Myanmar borders. There are very tangible and viable steps that Bangladesh can pursue to alleviate the dire plight of the rohingyas. Rohingya issue in Bangladesh Rohingyas are probably one of the only ethnic groups in the world whose existence is denied despite their presence.