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Process of Jewelry Manufacturing

The process of jewelry manufacturing or jewelry making involves following steps:

Designing

Jewelry designing is the process of creating, crafting, producing or rendering designs for jewelry. Jewelry
designing is the preliminary step to manufacture any jewelry item. Jewelry designs are usually created or
crafted by a jewelry designer, a professional who is trained in the jewelry architecture and hold functional
knowledge of metallurgy and design elements such as composition and wear-ability. These designs are
created on the basis of future trends and customer's taste in selected target market.

Casting

Casting is a widely used jewelry manufacturing process, in which a molten material such as metal, plastic or
any other material is poured or forced into a hollow mold and allowed to solidify within the mold and then
ejected or broken out to get a fabricated jewelry part. A jewelry part, which is created through casting, is
slightly more porous with a rough surface and requires additional polishing and finishing. Usually casting is
used for making complex shaped jewelry parts that would be difficult or uneconomical to be made by other
techniques, such as cutting from solid material.

Pre-Casting Requirements

Process of casting requires following requirements to be finished:

 Creation of Mold / Cast

Creation of cast or mold is first and foremost requirement for casting. Mold is the reverse shape of
the jewelry part which is made from a refractory material, for example, sand. Molds can be created,
either for temporary use or for permanent use.

 Creation of Metal Alloy

Generally in making jewelry, precious metal such as gold is not used in its pure 24 karat form due to
its softness. In such a case, metal is melted and mixed with other hard metals like copper, silver
and nickel to obtain the desired karat specification.

Methods of Casting

Casting can be done by using various methods and some of these popular casting methods are described as
under:

 Lost Wax Casting

This is one of the most commonly used casting techniques. Under this casting method, an object is
made of wax and coated in clay. When the clay is fired, the wax melts and is drained away or
evaporates leaving an exact impression of the object in the hardened clay, which is then filled with
molten metal.

 Sand Casting

such as wet devestment and dry devestment. clay and some water) is packed onto wood or metal pattern halves. mold is broken to remove casting. It cannot be used to cast ferrous material because sulfur in gypsum slowly reacts with iron.  Shell-Mold Casting Shell-mold casting is similar to sand casting except that a mixture of sand and 3-6% resin holds the grains together. forming a shell.  Plaster-Mold Casting Plaster-mold casting is also similar to sand casting except that plaster is substituted for sand. natural sand (lake sand) or green sand (mixture of sand. Under this technique. This technique requires a lead-time of days to obtain castings. liquid metal is poured in a mould from one end and that metal is solidified immediately and comes out as a metal cast from the other end. The molds are called dies. Once used and cracked away. The plaster cast can be finished to yield very good surface finish and dimensional accuracy. The process is useful since it is very cheap and yields good surface finish and complex geometry. This process generates metal casts with uniform chemical composition and properties. Each heated half-pattern is covered with a mixture of sand and resin binder. The binder glues a layer of sand to the pattern. In wet processes. The sand-resin mix can be recycled by burning off the resin at high temperatures. Plaster casting is normally used for nonferrous metals such as aluminum or zinc or copper based alloys. The pattern is removed once the assembly is baked and then the two half-shells joined together to form the mold. firstly a two-piece pattern is made of metal. Under this technique.  Die Casting Die casting is the process of forcing molten metal under high pressure into the cavities of steel moulds. removed from the pattern. Generally two methods. Molten metal is poured into the mold and when the metal solidifies. Devestment Devestment is the process of removing the casting investment from the casting flask and tree. normal plaster cannot easily be recast. These dies are reusable and able to provide very complex shapes also. are used for this.  Ceramic-Mold Casting Ceramic-mold casting is similar to plaster-mold casting except that ceramic material is used instead of plaster. the shell is broken to get the part. which is heated and coated with silicone spray. Metal in liquid form is poured into the tube and it is spun at high-speed centrifugal force that pulls the molten metal into the molds.  Centrifugal Casting Centrifugal casting is the process of casting in which molds are attached to the outside edge of hollow tube. This is the oldest and most popular casting technique. and metal is poured into resultant cavities. And finally.  Continuous Casting Continuous casting is a casting process in which metal casts are produced on continuous basis. water is used to . Plaster compound is actually composed of 70-80% gypsum and 20-30% strengthener and water. This method also provides very good quality castings. In this process.

These settings are described in detail under Stone Setting & Finishing Guide. Finishing Finishing is the process in which surface of a piece is cleaned or polished or textured. Metal finishing covers many processes like cleaning. Each and every piece of jewelry that contains a gemstone has a setting and this setting plays an important role in enhancing the charisma of a jewelry piece. Jewelry designers have developed various fascinating methods of stone setting like prong setting. Stone finishing is preformed after a gemstone is mined.break apart the investment while in dry processes. A well cut and polished stone is considered to have a beautiful finish. These processes are described in detail under Stone Setting & Finishing Guide. Metal finishing is preformed after a metal cast has been formed. channel setting. plating. Stone Finishing Stone Finishing covers any operation or activity that alters the characteristics of the gemstone to achieve a certain property or look. Finishing is the most important step of jewelry manufacturing process and usually all jewelry items require finishing. a flask-stripping device is used to push and shake the investment. Finishing is achieved under various stages. texturing etc. soldering. tension setting etc. pave setting. bezel setting. Stone Setting Stone Setting is an art of securely attaching or fixing a gemstone into jewelry with an aim to display maximum beauty of a stone. which are described as under: Metal Finishing Metal Finishing covers any operation or activity that alters the surface of a metal piece to achieve a certain property or look. Some of the popular stone finishing ways are described in detail under Stone Setting & Finishing Guide. . Finishing is very essential part of a jewelry manufacturing process as it gives beauty and brilliance to a jewelry piece.