CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background
Technological developments have made many remarkable progress. Many
things from life sector that has used the existence of the technology itself.
Presence has a considerable impact on the lives of human beings in various
aspects and dimensions. Likewise with the communication technology is
hardware equipment in the organizational structure that contains social value that
enables individuals to collect, process and exchange information (in Rogers,
1986). Such a situation, in which a technology capable of changing something that
may not be possible to be a reality. For example, if the first person can not talk to
other people who are in a place that is far away, then after the phone people can
talk without limits of time and distance. From here, beginning with the discovery
of a variety of simple devices, ranging from phones, analog-based, developed and
developing countries continue to emerge many other electronic devices. Until
finally this technology integrate with one another. Existing communication
technology is an answer from any of the times. This occurs because of growing
human civilization developed a technology that will continue to experience
growth pattern to align civilization itself.

The term information technology became popular in the late 70s. In the past
the term information technology or computer technology called electronic data
processing (electronic data processing). Information technology is defined as
technology processing and dissemination of data using hardware (hardware) and
software (software), computer, communications, and digital electronics.
Information and communication technology is an important element in the life of
the nation. The role of information technology in human activity at this time was
so great. Information technology has become the main facility for the activities of
the various sectors of life which contributed greatly to the change - a fundamental
change in the operation and management of organizational structure, education,
transportation, health and research. Therefore it is very important to increase the

maintenance and supervision. corporate. What are the implications of IT and the internet? 3.2 Problem Formulation 1. How information and communication technology in education? 4. ranging from skills and knowledge. operation. What is the impact in the field of education? 1.3 Destination The formulation of the problem that can be drawn from this discussion is: 1. planning. What is the information and communication technology? 2. as well as increasing the ability of ICT leaders in government. Describe the implications of IT and the Internet 3. Describe the impact in the field of education . SME (small and medium enterprises) and NGOs.ability of the human resources (HR) ICT. education. So that in the end will produce output that is useful to humans as individuals themselves and for all sectors of life. Describes how information and communication technologies in education 4. Outlines what is meant by information and communication technology 2. 1.

If no verbal language that can be understood by both. Communication is a process of delivering information (messages. or a shrugged. computer software development and various computer- related services. including networks and telecommunications are typically included in the context of a business or enterprise. closely related to the data. ideas. machines. Means of information processing results. means the development and application of tools. shaking his head. along with communication equipment as well as manufacturing of components and services. CHAPTER II DISCUSSION 2. Information and Communication Technology Judging from the wording. managing data. materials and processes that help people complete the problem. The term information . ideas) from one party to another to enable the interplay between the two. communication can still be done non-verbally using body movements or showing certain attitudes. The first word. technology. presenting. Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) defines information technology as technology development and application of computer and communications-based technologies for processing. In general. The term technology is often portray discovery of new tools using the principles and processes of scientific discovery. communication is done by using the words (verbal) that can be understood by both parties. such as smiling. information and communication. manipulation and organizing a group of data that gives the value of knowledge (knowledge) for its users. Said second and third. is the definition of information technology hardware (hardware) and software (software). information and communication technology is composed of 3 (three) each word has its own meaning. Many opinions which defines information and communication technologies with different languages.1. This definition includes the manufacture of hardware and computer components. and information. According to the Oxford English Dictionary 2nd edition.

Meanwhile. Where at that time people have been able to use a form of communication. the industrial age and the last time information (quoted from the Perspective of Communication Technology Background & Progress. there are three civilizations in the development of the technology itself. Zulkarimein Nasution.1989: case 2). But its form. For example. Zulkarimein Nasution. starting from the telegraph. reproduction of the written word (written words) by using alt printer. 2. telephone. 4. According Nordenstreng and Varis (1973) are: 1. radio. Previously just look back. enable the realization of the actual mass communication.technology become a part of the operations of the electronic device that utilizes computer. the agricultural age. 2. (Quoted from the Perspective of Communication Technology Background & Progress. to satellite. limited forms of organ motion. which presents a selection of forms of technology and sophistication. according to Alvin Toffler. The development of the communication itself is actually in line with the life and existence of man himself. alongside the development of the art of writing based on speech communication.2 Development of Communication Technology Current technology needs. the images as a . the advent of electronic communication. is still very simple. 1989: page 15). television. so 3. Technological development today is very fast communication technology. There are four major defining point in the history of human communication. both information technology and telecommunications are very high from the start of middle class and upper middle class. Acquisition (aquisition) language that is at the same time with the birth of man. All individuals desperately need technology to accelerate the development or increase the development of both individual and group development. that fact itself communication technologies have emerged since the Age Pre-History.

Implications of IT and Internet Education . The first computer ENIAC II is introduced. it has been considered as an appropriate form of communication at the time. the communication technology is getting better. At that time both types of letters are also often used when a king gives a kind of regulatory rules for the people who will put in the middle of the city where the shape is like building the monument. Such as the paper used in printing newspapers or newspapers. Then the subsequent development of the discovery of which is the use of facsimile communication by giving the data that can be passed through a media phone. With the beginning of this computer in the context of digital communications technologies evolved by leaps and bounds. magazines. causing a variety of effects that trigger other technologies. after the second world war. books and so forth. 2. But even so. hierogliph by the Ancient Egyptians. Advancement of communication technology felt better after the invention of paper by the Chinese people made from Papyrus leaf fibers. Used in 1946. Digital era itself came after the satellite was found and in the kinds of discoveries that have aktifkan. One step that is truly extraordinary. So it is with the development of computers. for example.berbagai there is a little much to change the life style of the people themselves. known as Act-shaped memorial. which led to the discovery of one thing the emergence of various other things.language.3. And only then leads to a digital concept. This development even today is still used and very useful for mankind. in a letter pictograf form of communication used by the Sumerians. Invention of the telephone which was found in 1876. This computer is an electronic circuit that has a tube light weight of 20 tons. This lasted until about the 1960s. Subsequent developments have progressed a step a little better. the sounds of bones and so on. Starting with the invention of the steam engine by James Watt who is opening the Industrial Revolution. Furthermore the development of human knowledge. is the development of communications technology with the application of the concept of using analog.

IT and Internet history can not be separated from education.1". as told in the book "Nerds 2. telnet application (such as the application hytelnet6) or via a web browser (Netscape and Internet Explorer). The results of research in universities and research institutes can be used together to speed up the process of development of science and technology. Geographic boundaries is not an issue anymore. thesis. Papers and research can be done with the exchange of data over the Internet. students anywhere in Indonesia or lecturer can access the best experts in Indonesia and even in the world. Exchange of information or the frequently asked questions by experts can be done via the Internet. Access to resources not being again. There have been many stories about the help the Internet in research. Mechanisms library access can be done by using a special program (typically using Z39. Previously. via email.0. the Internet in Indonesia began to grow within the academic (in the UI and ITB). or by using a mechanism Sharring file. Without the Internet many final project and thesis which may require more time to be resolved. Internet in the United States began to grow from the academic environment (NSFNET). Imagine if a student in Irian can discuss medical issues with a experts at leading universities in Java. and how the quality is?. In fact no less than economists Peter Drucker said that "Triggered by the . Cooperation between experts and also with students who are physically far apart can be done more easily. Distance learning and the virtual university is a new application for the Internet. although it appears the exciting stories in the field of business. May need to be propagated stories about the benefits of the Internet for education. Sharring information is also needed in the field of research that studies are not repeated (reinvent the wheel). (How many libraries in Indonesia.50 standard. such WAIS5). Similarly. Currently this can be done from home by sending an email.) The Internet allows a person in Indonesia to access the library in the United States. The existence of open Internet resources that had been inaccessible. Library is one of expensive resources. a person had to wander or run away to see a specialist to discuss a problem.

To summarize the benefits of the Internet for education in Indonesia.internet. If education is only done in a regular classroom. (See Forbes magazine article May 15. continuing adult education may wll Become our greatest growth industry". how many people can participate in a class? The number of participants may only be charged 50 people. . from anywhere.) Virtual university scalable characteristics. 2000. Virtual university can be accessed by anyone. For Indonesia. which can provide education accessible to many people. the benefits already mentioned above can be a good reason to make the Internet as an educational infrastructure.