You are on page 1of 11

INDEX

Sl
Contents Page No.
No.
1 Introduction
2 Collection of Data
3 Methodology
4 Analysis and Interpretation
5 Statistical Analysis
6 Conclusions and Suggestions
7 Appendix
INTRODUCTION
Study Habit is defined as those technique such as summerizing, note taking
locating material which learners employ to assist themselves in the efficient learning of
the material at hand. According ‘Godd’s Dictionary of Education’ Study habit is the
tendency of pupil to study when the opportunities are given, the pupils way of studying
whether systematic or on systematic, efficient or in efficient.

COLLECTION OF DATA

The study was conducted on a sample of 20 students in the same class I. was
conducted. This study on eight standard students. This study was based on study habits
at classroom. The instrument was administered on each of the supervision of their
teachers.

METHODOLOGY

In this rating scale, which deals with study habit at home five responses are
provided for each statements. They are always [A], often [O], sometimes[S], Rarely
[R] and never [N]

Scoring was based on the scoring mannual provided by the author there are both
positive and negative statements. The rating scale is different for positive statements
and negative statements. The negative statements are 3,5,8,9,11,14,15.

RATING SCALE OF +VE STATEMENT

A O S R N
4 3 2 1 0

RATING SCALE OF -VE STATEMENT

A O S R N
0 1 2 3 4

If the total score above to the pupil have above study habit at home,
50-70 normal study habit and below fifty below study habit.

1
ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Analysis and interpretation of data was based on the information collected from
the students.

STUDY HABIT AT HOME

Sl Group / Category of No of
No. Students Students
1 Above 5
2 Average 12
3 Below 3
Most of the students possess average study Habit

STASTICAL ANALYSIS

MARK LIST

No. Name Out of 100 Percentage
1 Arun 53 53
2 Amal 75 75
3 Akash 45 45
4 Angel 61 61
5 Sreelakshmi 56 56
6 Varghese 53 53
7 Mahin 80 80
8 Diya 61 61
9 Divya 56 56
10 Swetha 45 45
11 Parvathy 52 52
12 Parvana 80 80
13 Basil 52 52
14 Dayal 53 53
15 Nidin 45 45
16 Sreekanth 75 75
17 Yashwin 56 56
18 Jayaraj 90 90
19 Anwar 53 53
20 Rashid 61 61
Raw Data

53,75,45,61,56,53,80,61,56,45,52,80,52,53,45,75,56,90,53,61

2
FREQUENCY TABLE
Class Tally mark Frequency
40-50 III 3
50-60 IIIIIIIII 9
60-70 III 3
70-80 II 2
80-90 II 2
90-100 I 1
Total 20

MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY
Class Frequency Mid x fx Cumulative
Frequency
40-50 3 45 135 3
50-60 9 55 495 12
60-70 3 65 195 15
70-80 2 75 150 17
80-90 2 85 170 19
90-100 1 95 95 20
Total 20 1240

fx
Mean = ∑❑ N

1240
20 = 62

Mean = 62
Median
N
I +( – F)
Median = 2 x i
FM

I – Lower limit of the Median Class
N – Total Frequency
F – Sum of frequency below limit of median class
FM – Frequency of the median class
i – Width of class interval
Median Class: 60 -70
Here I = 60 N = 20 F=12 FM =15 i = 10

3
20
60+( – 12)
Median = 2 x 10
15

= 60 + 1.33
= 61.33
Median = 61.33
Mode
Mode = 3 Median - 2 Mean
= 3 (61.33) – 2 (62)
= 183.99 – 124
= 59.99 rounded to 60
Mode = 60
Mean = 62
Median = 61.33
Mode = 60

MEASURES OF DISPERSION
Standard Deviation

X
Assumed Mean = 65

Class Frequenc Mid x d= fd d2 fd2
y xi−x
1

40-50 3 45 -2 -6 4 12
50-60 9 55 1 -9 1 9
60-70 3 65 0 0 0 0
70-80 2 75 1 2 1 2
80-90 2 85 2 4 4 8
90-100 1 95 3 3 9 9
Total 20 -6 40

∑ fd 2
N
Standard Deviation = i x ∑ 2 −( ¿)
fd 2

N
√¿

4
−6
20
= 10 x 40 2
−( ¿)
20
√¿

= 10 x √ 2−(−0.3 ) 2

= 10 x √ 2−0.09

= 10 x √ 1.91

= 10 x 1.38
= 13.8
Standard Deviation = 13.8

MEAN DEVIATION

Class f x fx |d| f |d| c.f
40-50 3 45 135 17 51 3
50-60 9 55 495 7 63 12
60-70 3 65 195 3 9 15
70-80 2 75 150 13 26 17
80-90 2 85 170 23 46 19
90-100 1 95 95 33 33 20
Total 20 1240 96 228

X
|d| = | x – |

X ∑ fx
= N = 1240 / 20 = 62

å X
Mean Deviation = |f (x - )/N
228
= 20 = 11.4

Mean Deviation = 11.4

RANGE

Range = Highest Mark – Lowest Mark

5
= 90 – 45

= 45

QUARTILE DEVIATION
Q 3−Q1
Quartile Deviation = 2

Q1 Class = Size of (N/4)th item

= Size of (20/4)th item

= 5th item

Q1 Class = 50-60
N
I 1+( –f)
Q1 = 4 xi
f1

I1 = 50 N/4 = 5 F =89 1 = 10 F1 = 3
5−3
Q1 = 50 + 9 x 10

= 50 + (2/9) x 10

= 50 + 2.22

Q1 = 52.22

Q3 Class = Size of 3 (N/4) th Item

= Size of (3 x 5) item
= 15th Item

Q3 Class = 60-70

I3 = 603 N/4 = 15 f=12 f3 =3 I = 10

(15−12)
Q3 = 60 + 3 x 10

= 60 +10

Q3 = 70

6
Q 3−Q1
Quartile Deviation = 2

= 70 – 52.22

= 17.78 / 2

Quartile Deviation = 8.89

Standard Deviation = 13.8
Mean Deviation = 11.4
Quartile Deviation = 8.89
Range = 45

GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION OF FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION

1. HISTOGRAM

Class Frequenc Mid X Lower Greater Upper Less
y bound than c.f bound than c.f
40-50 3 45 40 20 50 3
50-60 9 55 50 17 60 12
60-70 3 65 60 8 70 15
70-80 2 75 70 5 80 17
80-90 2 85 80 3 90 19
90-100 1 95 90 1 100 20

CONCLUSION

There is a higher co-relation between students habit and students academic
performance. Lack of proper study habit at home is one of the root course of our
educational standard. There is significant difference in the study habit of secondary
school students whether male of female.

SUGGESTIONS

 Parents should always check their works at homes to ensure that they study more

often than not.
 Also provide study materials such as Text book, Notes etc.

7
 Teacher should motivate students own their study.
 Appropriate learning situations should be provided both at classroom and at home.

8
APPENDIX
RATING SCALE

The following are some statements related to your ways of learning. They are
arranged under three parts Form A, Form B and Form C. Form A deals with study habits
at home. Form B with study habits in class room and From C with study distraction.
Five responses are provided for each statement. They are Always (A) Often O,
Sometimes (S), Rarely (R) and Never (N). What you have to do is to read each
statement carefully and write your answer from A, O,S, R, N against the number of the
statement with reference to your studies in the response sheet provided.
Form :A STUDY HABITS AT HOME RATING SCALE.
25 statements are included in this section. Read each statement carefully and
mark the answer applicable to you. The symbols stands for the following A = Always, O
= Often, S = Sometimes, R = Rarely and N = Never. Use response sheet to mark you
answers.
No Statement A O S R N
1 I stop study when I am sleepy
2 I prepare notes for myself
3 I take note from library books
4 I prepare special notes for examination
5 I underlie important points while I am studying
6 I read subjects before it is taught in the class
7 I learn notes by heart
8 I study the portion taught in the class on the same day
9 I try to remember the portion taught in the class when I am at home.
10 I review at the end of each week what I have studied during the week
11 I generally do home work before going to school
12 I prepare answers by referring previous examination questions
13 I distribute my time equally for all subjects
14 I take care not to repeat the mistakes that have committed at my previous
examination
15 I consult with my friends to learn difficult portions
16 I try to understand the pictures and charts given in the text book
17 I like silent reading
18 At home elders help me in my studies
19 I like to study in the company of others
20 My hobbies help in my studies

9
21 I have definite times to go to bed and to get up in the morning.
22 My extra reading activities help me in my studies
23 I study a lot on some days and not at all on other days
24 I frequently makes simple charts and diagrams to represent points of my
reading
25 I like to get home work

Form: B STUDY HABITS IN CLASSROOM RATING SCALE

No Statement A O S R N
1 I take notes while teacher teaches
2 I keep all notes taken from teaching in one book
3 I prefer to sit at the back of the classroom to near to the door or
window
4 I recopy my notes after taking it from teaching
5 I feel nervous when i am asked to explain certain points in the
class
6 I look over and edit notes after the class is over
7 I ask questions when I do not understand something that has
been explained in the class
8 I am usually late to the classes
9 I whisper to other students while teacher teaches
10 I try to predict questions that can be asked for the next
examination to my friends
11 I usually forget to take pen, pencil or other study materials
when going to school
12 When having difficulties in a subject, I try to talk to the teacher
after the class
13 I have never been punished for being inattentive
14 I avoid school on certain days
15 I daydream while in the class

10