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Evaluation of Schemes on Export Oriented Research during XII

Plan undertaken by
Spices Board of India,
Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India

Executive Summary

Indian Cardamom Research Institute (ICRI) was established in 1978
as the research wing of the erstwhile Spice Board at Myladumpara (Kerala)
to undertake basic and applied research on small Cardamom. To address
location specific problems to small Cardamom, the Regional Research
Station was also set up at Saklespur in Hassan District of Karnataka during
1980. To undertake research on Large Cardamom which is one of the most
important cash crops of Sikkim state and Darjeeling District of West
Bengal, the ICRI, Regional Research Station was established during 1981
at Gangtok, Sikkim. The main objective of Research at the Indian
Cardamom Research Institute is for increasing the productivity of
cardamom (both small & large) which would thereby help in producing
adequate surplus for meeting the export demand thus enhancing the net
income of spice farmers.
The Major areas of Research and Extension activities such as farm
advisory services on Integrated Pest Management, soil test based fertilizer
recommendations, training on spices production technology and spice
clinics, supply of small and large cardamom planting materials are the
major activities undertaken by the research department. In addition, ICRI
has been undertaking the Mass multiplication of bioagents such as
Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas fluorescens. Beauveria bassiana
and Lecanicillium lecanii for distribution to planters. These bioagents are
being recommended by ICRI and are used by the planters for controlling
the various types of fungal diseases in cardamom, vanilla, ginger and
black pepper. In this regard an attempt to undertake a preliminary
evaluation of research undertaken by Indian Cardamom Research Institute
(ICRI) under the Spices Board, on cardamom.

more emphasis on R&D should be given in the area of irrigation. mechanisation and to generate grants to undertake multi-dimensional and interdisciplinary research within the frame work of ICRI. . With a view of the effectiveness of research in terms of its outcomes as perceived by the growers (the beneficiaries of the research output). requested felt the benefit of ICRI training and sought frequent training programs at least once in a year particularly on production and post harvest aspects of in cardamom. most of the growers expressed their desire on the functioning of spice clinic training programmes at scale of highly successful and delighted that the scheme should be continued. In addition. Myladumpara and Sakleshpur for small cardamom and Gangtok for large cardamom with respect to export oriented research activities on cardamom. production and distribution of bio-agents and inputs supply components were cited with good opinion in general and small growers insisted that inputs to be given for free of cost or at the minimum price. The study comes up with a few recommendations and is presented below.  It is to be noted that ICRI has gained research expertise in a single domain crop. More interestingly Cardamom growers. It was opined that such mono-crop with the sole objective of enhancing productivity alone might do more harm to the institutional sustainability. scientists at ICRI and Regional stations and also had a telephonic conversation with a number of growers who have been associated with various programmes of ICRI.  While reviewing different extension activities of ICRI. However. In addition. we had an individual discussion with leading cardamom growing farmers in the area. IIPM research team organised focus group discussion with 100 growers at ICRI.  From the long term sustainable development perspective. ICRI may focus on multi-commodity research activities than a single focused domain research on a specific crop.

. Ecosystem conservation & protection programmes cover Germplasm conservation. it is important that the issue of overall development of region in general and sustainable development in particular. Screening of germplasm for pests and disease. Weather monitoring & crop impact studies. Similarly. Apart from these. Post Harvest Technology & Organic Farming. ICRI has a National Conservatory of Cardamom Germplasm at Myladumpara which maintains around 563 cardamom accessions and twelve allied genera from varied agro-climatic zones. Monitoring of pesticide residues and Soil health analysis. Besides these. several externally funded multi institutional and National projects are ongoing in most of the Divisions. Crop Protection. sustainable production technologies are also being undertaken for Varietal Development. has to be integrated with cardamom research and development scenario. Biotechnology. Pest and diseases surveillance. In addition to these. Research is mainly focused on marginal and low production regions of small cardamom growing tracts of Kerala and Karnataka as well as large cardamom growing regions of North East States and is mostly farmer participatory programmes. Farmer participatory research and technology evaluation are the major activities undertaken by the research department. Major Areas of Research are Crop Improvement. ICRI RRS at Saklespur (275) and RRS at Gangtok maintain germplasm repositories of small cardamom & large cardamom respectively. Hence. Integrated Pest and Disease management as well as Integrated Nutrient Management. Crop Production.