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my;Fu;

Fu;Md; iggps;
ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

Mf;fk;
M.S.M. ,k;jpah]; a+Rg; (]ygp )

ntspaPL :
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guf`njdpa – Ntcl.

‫‪my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik‬‬

‫ﺣﻘﻮق اﻟﻤﺮأة‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﻧﻈﺮ اﻟﻘﺮآن اﻟﻜﺮﻳﻢ واﻹﻧﺠﻴﻞ‬

‫ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻒ ‪:‬‬
‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ اﻣﺘﻴﺎز ﻳﻮﺳﻒ‬

‫اﻟﻨﺎﴍ‬
‫ﲨﻌﻴﺔ أﻧﺼﺎر اﻟﺴـﻨﺔ اﶈﻤﺪﻳﺔ‬
‫ﴎﻳﻼﻧﲀ‬
‫‪2‬‬

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

cs;slf;fk;:
tplak; gf;fk;
1 cs;slf;fk; 03
2 KfTiu 04
3 ngz;zhfg; gpwg;gJ ghtk; 11
4 jPz;lj;jfhjts; 25
fd;dpj;jd;ikia eP&gpf;f mf;fpdpg;
5 35
guPl;ir
6 tpthfuj;J cupikaw;wts; 59
7 kWkzj;jpw;F jFjpaw;wts; 80
8 nrhj;Jupik jLf;fg;gl;lts; 92
9 khu;f;fk; gbf;fj; mUfijaw;wts; 109
10 mbik rpd;dk; mts; 117

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nra;jhNyad;wp mtu;fis ePq;fs; mtu;fsJ tPLfis
tpl;Lk; ntspNaw;w Ntz;lhk;. mtu;fs; ntspNawTk;
Ntz;lhk;. ,it my;yh`;tpd; tuk;GfshFk;. vtd;
my;yh`;tpd; tuk;Gfis kPWfpd;whNdh mtd;
jdf;Fj;jhNd mdpahak; nra;Jf; nfhz;lhd;. (Nrue;J
tho) ,jd;gpd;dUk; my;yh`; xU topia cz;lhf;fyhk;
vd;gij ePu; mwpakhl;Bu;.
mtu;fspd; (,j;jh) fhyf;nfLtpd; vy;iyia mtu;fs;
neUq;fptpl;lhy; mtu;fis cupa tpjj;jjpy; itj;Jf;
nfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yJ cupa Kiwapy; mtu;fisf; gpupj;J
tpLq;fs;. cq;fspy; ePjKs;s ,Utiu rhl;rpahfTk;
itj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yh`;Tf;fhf rhl;rpaj;ij epiy
epWj;Jq;fs;. ahu; my;yh`;itAk; ,Wjp ehisAk;
ek;gpf;if nfhs;fpwhNuh mtUf;F ,ijf;nfhz;L
cgNjrpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ. vtu; my;yh`;it
mQ;rpf;nfhs;fpd;whNuh mtUf;F mtd; xUtopia
Vw;gLj;Jthd;. (my;Fu;Md;:65:1-2)
'tpthfuj;Jr; nra;ag;gl;l ngz;fs; %d;W khj
tplhaf;fhyk; jq;fSf;fhf vjpu;ghu;j;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;;.
mtu;fs; my;yh`;itAk; ,Wjp ehisAk; ek;Gth;fshf

70

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

,Ue;jhy; jq;fsJ fUtiwfspy; my;yh`; gilj;jij
kiwg;gJ mtu;fSf;F MFkhdjy;y. mtu;fs; ,jw;Fs;
,zf;fg;ghl;il tpUk;gpdhy; mtu;fis kPz;Lk; kPl;bf;
nfhs;s mtu;fspd; fztd;khu;fNs KO
cupikAilatu;fshtu;. (kidtpau;fshfpa) ,tu;fs; kPJ
Kiwg;gb flikfs; ,Ug;gJ NghyNt ,tu;fSf;fhd
cupikfSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. MapDk; Mz;fSf;F
mtu;fistpl xUgb cau;Tz;L. my;yh`; ahtw;iwAk;
kpifj;jtd; Qhdkpf;ftd;. (my;Fh;Md; 2:228)
ePq;fs; (cq;fs;) kidtpau;fis (kPsf;$ba) jyhf; $wp
mtu;fspd; ,j;jh fhynfLtpd; vy;iyia mtu;fs;
neUq;fp tpl;lhy; mtu;fis cupatpjj;jpy; itj;Jf;
nfhs;Sq;fs;. my;yJ ey;y Kiwapy; mtu;fis tpl;L
tpLq;fs;. (khwhf) tuk;G kPwp mtu;fisj;
Jd;GWj;Jtjw;fhf mtu;fis cq;fsplk; itj;Jf;
nfhs;shjPu;fs;. ,t;thW ahu; nra;fpwhNuh epr;rakhf mtu;
jdf;Nf mepahak; nra;J nfhz;lhu;. my;yh`;tpd;
trdq;fis Nfypahf vLj;Jf; nfhs;shjPu;fs;. cq;fs;
kPJs;s my;yh`;tpd; nfhiliaAk; cq;fs; kPJ mtd;
,wf;fpa Ntjj;ijAk; Qhdj;ijAk; epidT $Wq;fs;.
mjd; %yk; cq;fSf;F mtd; cgNjrpf;fpd;whd;. ,d;Dk;
my;yh`;it mQ;rpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`;
ahtw;iwAk; ed;fwpe;jtd; vd;gijAk; ePq;fs; mwpe;J
nfhs;Sq;fs;. (my;Fh;Md; 2:231)
fztd; kidtpia jyhf; $wp ,j;jhTila
fhyKk; Kbe;j gpwF kWgbAk; Nru;j;J nfhs;tjw;F (kzk;
Kbg;gjw;F) ,U re;ju;g;gq;fs; toq;fg;gl;Ls;sd.
NkNy $wpathW fztd; kidtpia jyhf; $wp
kidtp %d;W khjtplha;fspypUe;J Jha;ikaile;;jjd;
gpd; fztd; kidtp vd;w cwT Kwpe;Jtpl;lhYk;
,uz;lhtJ jlitahf Nru;e;J tho ,UtUk; tpUk;Gk;
gl;rj;jpy; rl;lG+h;tkhf ,ize;J tho ,];yhk;
mDkjpf;fpwJ.

71

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

~~(kPl;bf; nfhs;s cupik ngw;w) jyhf; ,uz;L
jlitfNs. gpddu;; cupa tpjj;jpy; mtu;fis
(kidtpau;fshf) itj;Jf; nfhs;yhk;. my;yJ
ey;yKiwapy; tpl;Ltplyhk;. (my;Fh;Md; 2:229)
,uz;lhk; KiwahfTk; Nrh;e;J thOk; NghJ
gpur;rpidfs; Vw;gl;L fztd; kidtpia jyhf; $wpLk;
NghJ kidtp %d;W khjtplha;fspypUe;J
Jha;ikailAk; tiu fhj;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk;.
,r;re;jh;g;gj;jpYk; ,ize;J tho KbT nra;jhy;
,ize;J thoyhk;. ,zq;fp tho Kbahtpl;lhy; %d;W
khjtplhaf;; fhyq;fs; Kbe;jJk; tpthfuj;J
rl;lg+u;tkhfptpLk;.
jyhf;fpw;fhd ,U re;jh;g;gq;fisAk; ,t;thW
gad;gLj;jpa gpwF kWgbAk; mth;fs; Nrh;e;J tho KbahJ.
Nrh;e;J thoNtz;Lk; vd;W tpUk;gpdhy; kidtp NtnwhU
tiu kzk; Kbj;J ,y;yw tho;f;ifapy; <Lgl;L
mf;fztu; tpUk;gp tpthfuj;J nra;j gpwFjhd; kidtp
jdJ Kd;dhs; fztiu kzf;f KbAk;.
~~(,U jlitfs; jyhf; nrhd;d gpd;;) %d;whk;
Kiwahf mtis mtd; tpthfuj;Jr; nra;jhy; mts;
NtW fztid kzKbf;Fk; tiu ,tDf;F mts;
MFkhdtshf khl;lhs;. m(t;tpuz;lhk; fz)td; ,tis
tpthfuj;Jr; nra;J Kjw;fztUk; ,tSkhfpa ,UtUk;
my;yh`;tpd; tuk;Gfis NgzKbAk; vd;W vz;zpdhy;
mtu;fs; ,UtUk; (kztho;tpw;F) kPs;tjpy; Fw;wkpy;iy.
,it my;yh`;tpd; tuk;GfshFk;. mwpe;Jnfhs;fpd;w
r%fj;jpw;F mtd; ,tw;iw njspTgLj;Jfpwhd;."
(my;FHMd;. 2:230)
,];yhk; $Wk; jyhf; rl;lk; kpf ,yFthdJk; eil
Kiwf;F vspikahdJkhFk;. jyhf; gw;wp ruptu Gupe;J
nfhs;shj xU rpy K];ypk;fspd; nraw;ghLfis itj;Nj
,];yhj;jpd; kPJ Nrw;iw thup tPr rpyu; Kid fpd;wdu;.
jyhf; rl;lj;jpd; %yk; xU ngz;Zila tho;Tf;F

72

jp ngz. cupikf.jhd.kjj.fpwJ vd. xUtUf.tNjh $l. kzf.yh`.d. nfhLj. ngz.J tpLNthk.J tho.rhuk.my. vtUld.ikia ehrg.yJ jtid Kiwapy.f top rikf.gjw.Md.Wf.lTk. $btho.Jzu.jpw.gLj.g toq.fhJ.].Zk.G muiz .fTk.Ws. vt.gLj.fg. gytPdg.. ngz.jpd.yJ Fwpg.jp tplf.fhfNt . rhu.gij eLepiyNahL ghu.fs.w mbg.gl. NghJ fztd.gpl.fspd. ghu.jtpu VidNahiu ePq.ly.l tplakhFk.iy. kzk.J (jpUkzk.tifapYk. ngw.yhnjhopf.sJ.fisj.J tpLq. fl.fg.jpd.tq.l) .. (my. ed.. cupikfis .FNkw.tu.fspy..tNjh my.fs. %yk.fhky.jp gad. ngz.fk. ($l. cq. nfhz.J tho.].jpy.jifa ghJfhg.gl. ePq. ngw.whd.fshfpa) mtu.fs.f.fshfTk.Fu. kzf. Kbf.nfhUtu.) rk.f Ntz.y.fs.Sg.rj. nfhil my.fNsh mjw. .gk.sJ. Qhdkpf. Nkw.Ngw. nfhilfisf. FiwTfs.J gpupe.fpd.fs.Fu.(kzk.ghf nghWg. nra. ngz. epr. cq.e. gpd.FNk jtpu ve.ge.jk.Lk. (mjid) epu.yhk.j ed. Kbf.fs.ljpy. ePq.Md. MZk. jpUkzj.fj.fs.fis (k`uhf)f. ~~. Fiwf. nfhLf.j mdhr.fsplk. <Lglhjtu.nfhs.F Nru.wkpy.Zupik vj.by. . vd. rk.yhk.fis Mz. mDkjpf.f jLf.ftdhfTk.e.tijNah ..lhakhf mtu.gilapy.ij kidtpapd. Kbf.nghOf.jpw.wPu." vDk. iggps. cilatu.yhk. ~~k`u. tpUg. mj.].yJ tpthfuj. xU tPl.kjpj.J nfhs.tNjh kidtpapd.gb nra.fhf mtu. $lhJ vd.yJ [Ptdhk.rakhf my.gLj. ngz.iy. tpgr.)mile.tJ cq.T" vd.jid topfisAk. nry. Nru. NghLtNjh my.Uf. kPJ Fw.jpw.tNjh my. .fNtz. NkYk.itapy. MfNt (kidtpau.Ls.F MFkhf.yJ js.ftpy. NkYk.Jf. ~~Gupe. kzk.tNjh my.jtdhfTk.fspd. Nghl..fs. nfhLj. k`iu clNd ngw.fshfTk.e.fp tpl.gj. mDgtpf.fpd. fw.Wf.W xg.gl.ikiaAk.Lk.e.jpa cyfpd.fwpe.Fl.l xU fhyj.rhuj..jgpd. nfhs.Wf.Lj.fSf.zapj.bUf.Fk.: 4:24) 73 .

fspy.fSf.g ngw. mtSf.lhy. iggps.Fu. epu.jhNy jtpu. nra.igAk. kidtpapd.Ltjw. mNj Ntis epu.fs. ghu. jahsjd.Jf.F k`iu epu.Wf.iy.lhkNyh my. nra.J tpLq. nfhLj.Jr.Lf. jdJ rf.sTk.fis tho itf.fSf.gTk.jk. %yk.itapy.Jf.fNsh my.fs.fisj.stu. nfhLj.Lf.F Kd. mij tpl. 2: 229) kzk.gJk. ePq.j k`upy. trjpAs. ngw.fSf.J nfhLg.j Kiwapy.ikAld. rpwe.Md. jdJ rf.F Vw.Fk.ahkNyh mtu. vdpDk.jh flikay.ywj.wpy.j k`iu jpUk. tpthfuj.fz)tNuh tpl.fSf.tJ cq.gl.Fhpa KOr.fs. jPz. .J ..gJk.J mtu. NkYk. nfhLg. (cq.Fu..fs.yJ jpUkz xg.Jr.fpw.F Vw.fkhFk.F k`iu epu.Fk.fs. Vw. kw.l k`upypUe.Fk. vLj. kPJ flikahFk.fs.Lf.J) ed..fptpl KbahJ. vjidAk.F ePq. fl.tJ cq.Wf.jpf.g VNjDk.igAk.yhk.zapj.fpwNjh m(f. jPz.jpf. trjpia mspj.J tpl Ntz.jpy.wkpy.J nfhs. ahu.j. ePq.Js. Kbj.Uf.LNk jtpu nfhLf. kidtpf.fs. ghJfhg.jpf.fSf.jpf.nfhs. (.iw 74 .jd.ik nra.F . nra. ~~kidtpau.jtw.. mtu.ge.f Ntz.fg.) kidtpaiuj.Ngw.zak. vd.ikia .F nfhLg.W $wp xJq.fs.gTk. rf.y.jhTila fhyq. nra. trjpaw.F MFkhdjy. guhkupg.lhk.wtu. nghWg..yJ mtu.zak. nfhLg. nfhLj.F gpd. ePq. tpthfuj. ifapy. miuthrpia fztd.J ele.lhy.F kpf neUf.J tpl. ~~ePq. tpl.my. miuthrpia mg.fs. nfhs. ePq.j.ngz. .WnkhU ed. ele.Md.j k`upy.gtu.tij kwe. cq. nfhLj. fpilapy. nryitAk.Zupik jyhf..fSf. nra. nfhs. ngz.fs.zak. tpthfuj. KbahJ.fSf.gJ flikahFk.lhakhFk. ftdpj. . mg.J tpl.y. ngz. kPJ Fw.ngz. nra.sJ.gNj gagf.y. vdpDk. <LgLKd. trjpfis nra.gtw. jdJ trjpf.F VNjDk. mtu.fisj.J cdJ KOnryTfisAk. fztd.]." (my.

g.].rakhf my.J ngz. jha.s tho. tpthfuj.jhYk.nfhs. mtyepiia md.iy.gJ NghyNt gps.J nfhLf.uz. kPJ fl.J jg.F .Fu. fhzNt nra.is .Wf.jhYk.wq. ghjpf.wkhfTk.g tho.fSf.fs.rj. gLtijj.bNa [Ptdhk..fspd. toq. Gupe.Wk. gwpj.Ngw.l ngz.itapy.tPu.wJ. iggps.yhk.gLj.ghL nra.fs.jpUe. mtu.fg.Jf.gpd.j Kidtjpy.sJ.Fu. ngz. Ngrg. nfhLf.fpAs.Tupikia mwpT[Ptpfshy.l Nfhgk.Jf.Ug. kidtp kPJ nfhz. vLj. [Ptdhk.fsJ Nkhrb kw.ag.W FLk.Kbf.$l.fs. tpthfuj.Wk. tpUk.Md.rk.iy.jpd.fs..zpa gpd.W topfspypUe.gpj.FKupa ghJfhg..sNt topfhz.l k`upypUe.L typAWj. NtnwhU kidtpia (tpthfuj. ~~ghy.G kw..jpdhy.jg.J vijAk. (ghYhl. Mz. (Registar) gjpT eilngw.khu. tpthfuj.fshfpa) mtu.shjPu.ijg. jpUkzj. nfhLf.s (kzk. ghu.Jg.fspy.) khw.Gfpd.fpNwhk.yh`.fhf (jyhf. tpthfuj.my. nryTfisAk.l Ntz.ge.whlk..gJk.yhk.lhakhf.Wk.Fbia epiwT nra.gps.Lk. ghJfhf.J nfhLj.gl.jid topfisAk. mij ePq. ehbdhy.tf. . nraw.jk. tplg.l) jha.F 75 .fs. tpthfuj.Fg.gLfpd.l fhuzq.].f .:2:236.J nra.Fupa trjpfis nra. ePjpkd.L tUlq.NtWg.s . Vkhw.wpg..gtdhthd. xUj.fisg.J nfhs. ntWg.fspy. nghWg. mg.gl.fpAs.Fu.Ls. glNtz.f 99% tPj fztd. ifahz. (my.fSf.ijfSf. ghu.f) ePq. kw.fg.Gtjpy. ghYhl. NghJ kidtpf.jpf.gl. 237) xU kidtpapd. Ngrg.jpy.Js.Zupik epr.Md.gjpypUe. ngw.Jf. fztd.w (fz)tUf. .fs.fkhd Fw.Lk.].gpdhy.fhd xg.fs.jpw.wpf.sJ.: 4:20) nghJthf cyfpy. ngz. %yk.J ele. tpthfuj.lj. mjpypUe.Jf.J nfhLg. nfhs. gz.fs. jLg.gl. gy.FtpaiyNa (k`uhf) nfhLj.jpd. mepahakhfTk.isf.gjw.aYk.F xU nry. [Ptdhk.fsh? (my. nfhs.Md. nfhs.it Muk. gfpuq. gpwFjhd. Vw. jk. gw.F .khu..gl.Lk.f Kd.khu.fis $wp mjpypUe.fKd. g+uzkhfg.gpf. Foe.J kidtpau. vd.fhfNt mj.yhk.a tpUk.fpwhu.sJ.rk.

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Jf.Jtpl.F kfSk.fs.J mtu.f khl. kjq. mtDf.gLk.Fitj.jt kjj..fSf.ij nra.Fr.Zupik tptfhuj. $W.fr.fs.J..y.ij mtd. kf. mtd. gq.gl.fSila gq.gtupd. nfhLf.J vq. gq. $wpaJ> nrhyhGfhjpd.jpy.iy.ijf. te.ltuplk.ik kjk.. . thupRf. vd.lts.fpilapYk. iggps.. cWjpg. ngz.jpd.W $Wthh. rNfhjuup ilNa mth. NgRthh.Jfpd.Jupik.wpNah mtSf.fs.we. cupikr.F Gjy.y.gl. NtjE}yhd iggpspd.lth. nrhyhGfhjp vd. thupRupikr.Fupa gq.tpau.uNay.fpa .Lk. je.fsplk.wpg.itapy. vd.Lk..fg.J Gjy. fpwp].jhd. 92 .fg.Fk.tH. je.Jupik jLf. mtUf.lk.fs. Fupatd.wpNah mtsJ cupik gw. Nfl. ngz.F nfhLj..wpNa tpthjpg.].ju Ntz.lhy. je. .Ff. [e. ngz.ijapd. mtd. fisg.wp gpd.gLj. NkhNraplk.ijAila nrhj.lhh.. Mz. kfSf. mtUila rNfhjuu.if Mz.isfshfpa vq.F kWf.yhkNy xUtd.fs.J mtu. nrhj.Jupikg.gJ rupNa.my.yhk.jhd. NruNtz.fhfNt .Md. nrhj.f Ntz.Jj.jid r%fq. tfpg. nrhj. je.gJ nrhj.zpf. tof. NghjidAk..wpj.fs.jpf. .fs.jpw.j ghtj. cupikr.fSf..wpNah ahUk. . gw.y.l gpujhd cupik .s mj.fSf. nfhz.jidj.Ffs.Fg. Mz.fshYk.jpy. cyfpYs. 'NkhNr mth.fs.nra.Lk. NgRk.J mtd. eP .L te. Kjypy. mth. thupRupikr. ghu. fpilf. nrhj. $WfpwJ.ghh. Kf.J NghdhH.Fk.we.fs.Fu. gw.F gw.gw.W KiwapLfpwhH.fshYk. kfd. cyfpy. Gjy. NkhNraplk. je.Zupik nrhj. gps. mth. gpwF kfd. Kjd.W th. . rNfhjuUf. Nghnjy..fSf. ngz. ngz.fg.Jgw.Ff. nrhj.izg.tpah. rpe.fs.fisg.jhh.ijapd. mjdhy..iynadpy.tUkhW iggps. gw.fSf... vd.wJ.

Lk.gl.Ff.Ff.F epakkhfTk.zhfkk.y.itapy. fhzyhk.gij gw. tpjitg.rNfhjupfs. kfd.. .Lr. .gd. Fyj. vd.Wk.nrhj. je.Ff.Yk. KOtJk.lisia . gps.uNay. jd.yhj NghJ nrhj.Dila cwtpdu.Fg.> jha.J . fhuzk. fUjp my. nfhLf. Mz. vd.iynadpy.zhfkk. ngz.F .jpdJk.Md.jhy. mJNghy. mtd.Jf.lhl KbahJ.f Ntz. xU igrhtpw.wp $Wk. nfhLf.jpuNk ftdj. tpUk. my.jpw.aw.jpy.Ue. mij cilik ahf. FLk. ghu.jpy. mtd. jhd.Ls. .jhy. nrhj.y.gDf.].my.Yk. Mz.F kfd.ij mtd.yJ NtW Fyj.l. nray. kw. jfg. 36:1-13y. . thupRupikr.Fk.Jf. NkhNrf. fpilf.Ls.lth.. nrhe.lth. xU rNfhjup my.iz kz Kbg.y.tpLk.gj.gj.fspy.Fk.jhYk.Fk.jpdJk. 27:1-11) .gtu. nry. jfg.jpy. cup ikr. kidtpahapUe.jpy.y.. tpl.y.> kfSf. vJTk. kzf. .nfhz.g.L .f Ntz.jpa tpguj.lisapl. nfhz..wg.ijapd.fhJ..iynadpy.gNjahFk.j 93 . rl.Fk..Lk.gLj.fis khj. cupikr. nrhj. NkhN]f.j cw tpdDf.J FLk.NghJ.ijapd. Ngha. gpwF kfDk. iggpspy.l . jhAk.gpatiu kzf.lj. NghthR vd.nrhj. mtDf.F mr.is fSf.Jf.Ue. rl. tpsq. ngz. $wg. je. tpjpahfTk.r.gj.sNj jtpu ngz. xU rNfhjuu.r.Fk.fLj.gd. mtd. kf.gj.Lr. nrhj. thuprhthd.jpy.jpy.yhky.ij mtd.Zupik mtDf.F ntspapy. (vz. nrhj. $l cupik nfhz. nfhs.Ue. .fspd.lk.yJ gy rNfhjupfs. tpl.Lk. rNfhjud. Mz. nry. jfg.jq. mtd.f.ngz.f Ntz. kl.f..Dk.ijAk.thd.zhd eNfhkp &j.Jf.F Neub thuprhf tuf.fl.ijf.f KbahJ. mts.ij itj. KO nrhj. vz. ngz.Ff.LNk jtpu NtW FLk.fSf. kfSk.jpy. ..s gpufhuk.kf.Fu. xU FLk. FLk. rNfhjuh..fpf. fl.$ba rNfhjup> mr. eyd. .F rNfhjuUk.L jdJ je. iggps. kfs. thuprhths.Nyhdpd.nrhj.jpy.gj.jhd. rNfhjuUf.gl. mr.l gb .

vd. mjw.fPjk.itapy.e. Klq. K].Nghd ngz.if rhu.fg. gy. fplf. mg. mtUila cwtpd.ypk.Fk.we.Gj. $l (Mz.fpf.jdk.f. Jizahf CJFoy.$lhJ? tpthjpf. `p[hg.fsJ trjpf.Nf Mz.fptplg..jp.gLj. mth.g gpd.nfjpuhf Fuy. kahdmikjp fhf.gLfpwJ. ngz. ftdj. .Lk.j kjq. ePbj.fspd. K].Nghf. kfid Kjd. <Lgl Ntz.fis Fwpitj. mtu. (gyk.zpiy thjk.) . jq. gw.Ltuf.t. $f.g. Vd. (&j.jhd.fisAilath.jp[Ptpfs.L ntspNaw Ntz. ngz.gjpy.) eRf. Ngrf.fs.fyhk.r.F thupRrl.fSila ngz. CupYk. vOg.Wtijf.fisg.e. . . eyDf. mbikr.isf.fs. ngz.Uf.ypky.j mePjpf.Zf.g my.J mtu.e. rl. fhg.fj.ij vd.aq.lj.J . nfhs.Wk.wp Gul.W fhzg. nrhj.yJ Fyg. KiwapYk.Zupik Nkhthgpag. nfhLg. Kw.NtW nfhs.Fu. cyfpy.jpUf.J4:10).JupikfSf.fhf Nfh\k.rpf.ijj.> ngz.fhf Fuy. (Mzhjpf.jpy. rpd..Wk.iy.FuypLgth.nra. nfhs.whu.gjpy.ngah. $lhJ? jq. rf.ij gq.ghw.Urhuhu.ff.fSk.. iffspy. vOg.fspd. gLj.d.Fj.Nghf. jpl.fs. vd. ghLgth. gps.jpy.iy.fTk. nrhj.fis Gj.Fj.wdh.Jgth.fhff.Fk.fspd.fPL nra. eRf.lj.fs..ngau.fspd. gw.> ngz.. tha.? ngz.fsJ r%fj.fs. tptuzg. gLj. ngz.jtdpd.fhJ tPl.Ggtu.ijr.Md.Lg. iffshy. nraw.fshf . ngz.e.ypk.Jtijg.ikg. vd.Nl ngz. Milia gpw. kfDf. vd.ij Vd.gp kWrPuikg..lk. rhh.gpy.fSk.l mth.fpd. kidtpahf Vw.gw. rk 94 .. NgRgth.f Sf. .wp Vd. kPbahf. jtu.fisf.fs. Jupikfisg. . cupikr.yhjth.fs. nrhj. kPbahtpd.J nfhLg.dk. mth. nrhj. ngaupNyNa njhlu.fs.Wf. %iyapy.fs. &j.Lk. njhopy. kjq.) . ahUNk Mz.Nfw.my. fpNwd.jhy.jhd.wp tUfpwhh.tplaj. .W milahsg.Fthjpfs. nfhz.gl.jp> mtdJ FLk.fptUk.fpNwd.fspd. K]. $lhJ? ngz.jhy.il tpl. nfhz.Jgth. iggps. ghh. ghu.fTk.gLj.J ngz.gl.fs.fspd.q..

igg. $lhJ vd.jf.jhd.Nghyp Nfh\q. nrhj.J> ghypay..f Ntz.L ntspNaw. vjph.@ vjw. vd. Nfs.nrhj.F mtNs nghWg.yJ rNfhjudJ nrytPdq.F te.j].fs.Fk.Tf.gilahf njuptpf. jhd.fs. gpdhh.sTk..nwy.ij tfpf.Yk.Lk. gps. vd.fshy. jhAk.Dila cupikia Mz.NghJjhd. nfhz.Lk.fs.jpy.J njhopy. . KOr. nfhs. tho.fhy tho. ngw. gpur.J tpl. Lk.ngz. .fshy.F ePNa topNjl Ntz.d fhuzj. je.Md.F nrhe.ghd..ae. .sTk.gq.F te.fshfpa ehq. Mz.fs.F vg.jpw.tp Nfl. tiujhd.ghspahf Ntz.gl. nry.wpf.. kaq.Yk.gil cupikfis .gpdhy.Zupik me.Fr.nwLf.fsplk. cd.g. tpUk.fs.Nshk. GupfpwPh.F [PtNdhghaj.jpy. vOg. ngz.jpukhf khj.lhh.lha epiyia mikj.jpuk. ePAk. Gupe. ngz.. gJf. f\.fpLthd. fis tPl. cd.itapy.isfisg. vd.Jk.g.fSila tho.irapy.Lr. mtSila tho.ff.il tpl. tho KbAk. mjw.- ngz.w fl.W njhopYf.rpid ehq. cdf.oe. Vd. kfDf. ngw.fNs 95 ..fs. Nfl.F Mshfp tPjp tPjpahf miye.jpw.g. NghLk.oe. thu.fsJ khdk.jgpd. ghtk. jhf Ntz.fs. fhyk. tpUk. mts. jpUkzj.fs. ngw Ntz. .bUf. nfhs. J\.L ciof.fs.fsplj.fp jq.Lk. vd.J tPjpf. ruprkk.Jf. Ngha. vd. nry.ifg.ghLfisf.gpath.ij [hyq.lhh. Mz.fsJ mbg.Lg. cah. gpr.gpdhy.fhd nrytpdq.fs. $w Kbahjjhy.iy.r.Lk.Fj. Jf.fp itg.F kpy.fhff. kw.. kupahij ia .fis vOg. Nfh\k. rkj.w thh. xU ngz. vd. gwpj. GupfpwJ.Jtk.. ghUq.fpwhh. ftdpj. fSf.fs. fopf. Njbf. ngz. rpyrkak. mtd.Wk.ij [hyq. jq.ij tpl.ij gq.fs.fs. mtd.f Ntz. NrUk.jpw.J vq.Tf.J fw.f KbahJ.Lk.j. ghu.j. gUt taijailAk..Jf. gjtpfs.wp tpl.Fu.Ls.gij ntspg. fpwPh.yhk.gpu Nahfq.. njhopy.f. mtd..it mikj.W Neubahf ngz.W .fhf . vd.lhh.Nwh uJ my.ngz.fhud. taJ f.f Kbahjjhy. njhopy.fspy. .my..J tpl.g.Uf. mJ gw. gwpnfhLj. iggps. vdNt cd. Vw. nfhz. nrhj.lg.

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

rk;ghjpj;jhf Ntz;Lk; vq;fSf;nfd;W xU tho;it
mikj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vq;fSf;fhf ahUk; nrytpl
khl;lhu;fs; mJkl;Lky;yhky; vq;fs; kPJ Rkj;jg;gl;Ls;s
nghWg;G ,J vd;Wjhd; $Wthh;fs;.
vg; ngz;Zk; re;Njhrkhf Ntiyf;Fr; nry;tjpy; iy.
my;yJ tPl;by; ,Ug;gjdhy; Neuk; tPzhfpg; NghFJ
njhopYf;Fg; Nghdhy; gzk; fpilf;Fk; vd;w Nehf;fj;jpw;
fhfTk; Nghtjpy;iy. mts; njhopYf;Fg; Nghf Ntz;Lk;
vd;w eph;g;ge;jj;jpw;F Mshfpj;jhd; Nghfpwhs;.
rKjhaf; fl;Lf;Nfhg;Gk; kjthj rpe;jidAk; Mz;f
Sf;F rhu;ghfpg; NghdjhYk; ngz;fspd; nrhj;Jupikia
gwpj;J tPjpf;F ,wf;fpajhYk; mtu;fs; njhopYf;Fg;
Nghfpwhu;fs;@ Nghf Ntz;Lk; vd;w fl;lhaj;jpw;F cs;shf;
fg;gl;Lg; Nghfpwhu;fs;.
vdNt> mtu;fis guhkupf;f mtu;fsJ nrytpdq;
fisg; nghWg;Ngw;f ahUkpy;iy vd;W ep&gzkhd NghJ
mtu;fsJ mbg;gil cupikahfpa nrhj;Jupikfisg;
ngw;Wf; nfhLf;f vtUk; Kd;tutpy;iy vd;w NghJjhd;
ciog;ghspahf cUkhwpdhs; cUkhw;wg; gl;lhu;fs;.
ngz;fSf;fhf rk cupik> rkme;j];Jg; gw;wp NgR
gtu;fs; ngz;fs; kPJs;s mgpkhdj;jpdhNyh cz;ikahd
mf;fiwapdhNyh my;y. tPl;by; Neuj;ij Nghf;Ftij tpl
njhopypy; <Lgl;lhy; r%fk; Kd;NdWk; ehL tsh;r;rp
ailAk; vd;w Nehf;fpYky;y vd;gJ nts;spilkiy.
Mzhjpf;fj;jpd; mlf;FKiwia %b kiwg;gjw;fhfg;
Nghl;l ehlfk; jhd; ruprkk; rkj;Jt Nfh\k;.
,d;W ngz;fs; gy Jiwfspy; Kd;Ndwp gw;gy
rhjidfisAk; gilj;jpUf;fpwhh;fs;.ngz;fspd; cupikf;
fhf gy khjh; rq;fq;fSk; ,af;fq;fSk; Njrpa> rh;tNjr
uPjpapy; nraw;gl;Lk; tUfpd;wd. Nghjhf;Fiwf;F ngz;
fis epidT $Wk; Kfkhf rh;tNjruPjpapy; xt;nthU
tUlKk; khh;r; khjk; 8k; jpfjp kfsph; jpdKk; nfhz;lh
lg;gl;L tUfpwJ. ,j;jid ,Ue;Jk; ,oe;JNghd

96

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

mbg;gil cupikahfpa nrhj;Jupikia ngw;Wf;nfhs;s
Kbatpy;iy.
,d;W mtu;fs; jq;fSila kjf;nfhs;iffSf;F
mg;ghy; nrd;Nw jq;fSf;nfd gpuj;jpNaf cupikfis
rhrdq;fis rl;lg;g+u;tkhf;fp mjDhlhf cupikg; Nghuhl;
lq;fis Kd;ndLf;fpwhu;;fNs jtpu ,oe;JNghd cupik
fis ngw;nwLf;f kjf;Nfhl;ghl;bd; mbg;gilapy; epd;W
Nghuhltpy;iy vd;gJ frg;ghd cz;ik.
jd;idg; ngw;nwLj;J tsh;j;J Mshf;fpa je;ij
apd; nrhj;jpypUe;J xU gq;F $l ngwKbahky; me;epa
ngz;zhf khwpg;Nghd nfhLikia cyfpy; vtUk; jLj;
JepWj;j Kd;tutpy;iy. ,];yhkpa khh;f;fk; kl;LNk 7k;
Ehw;whz;by; nra;J Kbf;f Kd;te;;jJ.
,];yhj;jpd; ghu;itapy;
,];yhj;jpd; gpufhuk; kfd; ,Ue;jhYk;> ,y;yh
tpl;lhYk; jfg;gDila nrhj;Jf;F kfSk; gq;Fjhuuhf
tUths; vd Nghjpf;fpwJ.
egp K`k;kj;(]y;)mth;fs; tho;e;j md;iwa r%f
#oypy; Mz;fs; rfy tpjq;fspYk; ngz;fis mlf;fp
ahz;L chpikfisg; gwpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. 'gy
Ks;std; jhd; rhpahdtd;" vd;w jj;Jtj;jpd; mbg;
gilapy; jfg;gNdh rNfhjuNdh tpl;Lr; nry;Yk; nrhj;Jf;
fspy; ngz;fSf;Fupa gq;fpid toq;fhJ gyhj;fhukhfr;
#iwahbf; nfhzLkpUe;jhh;fs;.
je;ijiag; gwpnfhLj;J tpl;L jtpf;Fk; mehijg;
gps;isfSf;Fk;> fztid ,oe;Jtpl;L fz;zPNuhL
thOk; tpjitg; ngz;fSf;Fk; mr;nrhj;jpypUe;J vJTk;
fpilf;f khl;lhJ. ,th;fs; mLj;jtu;fsplj;jpy; ifNae;jp
kw;wth;fspd; jatpy; thof;$ba gupjhgfukhd epiy
fhzg;gl;lJ. ,e;epiyapy; ,f;nfhLikf;F Muk;g fl;lj;
jPh;thf my;yh`; gpd;tUk; trdj;ij mUspdhd;.
'cq;fspy; xUtUf;F kuzk; neUq;Fk; NghJ mtu;
VNjDk; nry;tj;ij tpl;Lr; nry;thuhapd; mtu; ngw;Nwh

97

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

Uf;Fk; neUq;fpa cwtpdu;fSf;Fk; ey;y Kiwapy; (kuz
rhrdk;) t]Pa;aj; nra;tJ cq;fs; kPJ tpjpahf;fg;gl;
Ls;sJ. gagf;jpahsu;fSf;F ,J flikahFk;.
vtu; m(k;kuzrhrdj;)ij nrtpNaw;w gpd;Gk; mij
khw;wp tpLfpd;whNuh mjd; Fw;wk; mij khw;wpatu;fisNa
rhWk;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; ahtw;iwAk; nrtpAWgtd;
ed;fwpejtd;.
Mdhy; t]Pa;aj; nra;gtuplk; mePjj;ijNah ghtj;
ijNah vtNuDk; mQ;rp (rk;ge;jg;gl;l) mtu;fSf;fpilNa
(t]Pa;aj;ij rPu;nra;J) rkhjhdk; nra;jhy; mtu; kPJ
Fw;wkpy;iy. epr;rkhf my;yh`; kpf;f kd;dpg;gtd; epfuw;w
md;Gilatd;.
(my;FHMd; 2:180-182)
,jdbg;gilapy; nrhj;Jf;fis tpl;Lr; nry;gtu;
jd;Dila ngw;Nwhu; kidtp gps;isfs; kw;Wk; cwtpdu;
fSf;F mr;nrhj;jpypUe;J gq;Ffpilf;ff;$bajhf kuz
rhrdk; nra;aNtz;Lk;. mjd; gj;jpuKk; vOjg;gl Ntz;Lk;
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Aq. nfhz.Mdpy. vdNt vq. fis Nfl.Md. 112 . ghh. jhd.Fh.f.L epth. 'cq. vd Nfl.gJ ght khdJ mNahf. ngz.Ue.G elhj.F gs.spf.fsJ ciuapy.fhd njspT toq.J nra.Jk. tiuaiuf.fg. jLj.nfd xU ehis thf. nry.F egp(]y. NghJ tha.W xU ehis Vw.yhky.khwhf re.) . xU ehspy.tUtjw. gzpahw.J nfhs.J me.ff.W $wpdhh.ehspy. egpfshhplk.J tpl. .thh." vd.Njfq.lJ.kpjp vDk. gpuj.fs.gl. jd.itapy. Mz.hp (uyp) (E}y.tpfs.oe. te.J khh. mg.F Ngha. vg. mtu.fspy.fSf.Jf.lhYk. ehshe. $bath.f.iz eufj.. ngz.Fr.Njfj.fs.fg.ij gbj.bf.fs.Nfl. fpwJ.Jj. Rdd.yhkpa r%fj..: mG+ ]aPJy.fs.fspj.Foe.gl.J cq. vd.jpj.F tpsf.fs. mJ kl.? vd.wp thuj. Nghjid nra.lj.my. %yk.Foe.lhs.JkhWk.lisfis Vtpdhh.fSf. ck. Ntz. nfhz.glTkpy. jq.fg.Jf.lhh.fNs (khh..L Foe.oe..fj.Lf.jpj.Ug.kzp gpd.L Foe. glTkpy.kzp . . re. egp fshiur. Nfl.W $wg.lhu.fSf..fs.j) xU ngz. ngz. egp(]y. xU ngz. J}jh. mth.fSila re. %tiu (kuzj.fs. jph. fl.Zupik tuk.kJ (]y.fs.lhy.%b nksdpfshf .jpfSk.W $wpdhh.jpNafkhd tFg.ljd.gth.fpa . ngz.ff. iggps.W Nfl. cUthf.jpy.jpd...fg.fpwhu. re.iy@ fz.ijfis xUj.Fu.Fs.jp .J tpl.Fg.iy.bf.Lkd. mg.fsplk. $lhJ..Fs. Nfs. ngz.fsplk.jp nra.uz.w ngz.Lk.fs.fpakhdJ vd..fpwhh.kJ(]y.why.J mth.NghJk.Sk. %yk. midj.spypUe.F mDkjpf.uz.K ]ykh (uyp) vd.j. fisr.f.fs.ghL nra.lhh. khh.tUkhW mwptpf.oe.fs.NghJ ($l.fs.].nfhs.) mth.fs. ehd.Ak.) mth.Uf.jpw.ijfspy.: Gfhup) . te..fSf.jpy.fs.jpy. mf. egp(]y.s) kpifj.ijfis .gbf.jk. mg. mjw.J my.gLk.fq. ghu.fs. E}ypy.iwj.) mth.nfd.fs. $wg. egp K`k. INtis njhOiffSf. vd.J epw.J tplf.J tpl. Fj. egp K`k.)mth.ijfs.w gzpf.gpw.fshf . Nghjid nra. mwptpg.f Ntz.) mth.

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

Mz;fisf; Fwpj;Nj $wg;gLtjhf ehd; fhz;fpNwd;.
ngz;fisg; gw;wp vJTk; Fwpg;gpLtjhf fhztpy;iyNa
vd;W $wpdhh;. mg;NghJ my;yh`; gpd;tUk; trdq;fis
,wf;fp itj;jhd;.
epr;rakhf K];ypkhd Mz;fSk; K];ypkhd ngz;
fSk; ek;gpf;ifahsu;fshd Mz;fSk; ek;gpf;ifahsu;
fshd ngz;fSk; topg;gLk; Mz;fSk; topg;gLk; ngz;
fSk; cz;ik NgRk; Mz;fSk; cz;ik NgRk;
ngz;fSk; nghWikahsu;fshd Mz;fSk;
nghWikahsu;fshd ngz;fSk; cs;sr;rKila
Mz;fSk; cs;sr;rKila ngz;fSk; ju;kk; nra;Ak;
Mz;fSk; ju;kk; nra;Ak; ngz; fSk; Nehd;G Nehw;Fk;
Mz;fSk; Nehd;G Nehw;Fk; ngz; fSk; jkJ fw;igf;
fhj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; Mz;fSk; jkJ fw;igf; fhj;Jf;
nfhs;Sk; ngz;fSk; my;yh`;it mjpfk; epidT $Wk;
Mz;fSk; my;yh`;it mjpfk; epidT $Wk; ngz;fSk;
MfpNahUf;F my;yh`; kd;dpg;igAk; kfj;jhd $ypiaAk;
jahu; nra;J itj;Js;shd;. (my;Fh;Md; 33:35)
my;Fh;Mdpy; Mz;fisAk; ngz;fisAk; Fwpj;J
NgR tjw;Fg; nghJthd trdmikg;Gf;fs; ,Ue;jhYk;
ngz; fisf; Fwpj;Jf; fhl;lf; $ba jdpahd thh;j;ij
gpu Nahfk; ,y;iy vd;gij fz;lwpAk; msTf;F Ntj
trdq; fis ngz;fs; Muha;e;J mJ rk;ge;jkhf
egpfshhplk; te;J Nfs;tpAk; Nfl;fpwhh;fs; vd;why;
ngz;fSf;F ,];yhk; toq;fpAs;s kjRje;jpuk;
vg;gbg;gl;lJ vd;gijr; rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;.
ft;yh gpd;j; ]mygh(uyp) vd;w ngz;kzp egp
K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fsplk; te;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jNu! vd;
fzth; 'eP vd; jhapd; KJifg; Nghy; ,Uf;fpwha;" vd;W
$wp vd;id tpyf;fp itj;J tpl;lhh; vd;W Kiw apl;lhh;.
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gl;bUg;gJ Nghy; ePAk; vdf;F tpyf;fg;gl;ltshtha; vd;W
$Wtijj;jhd; 'eP vd; jhapd; KJifg; Nghy;

113

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

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fztd; kid tpia xJf;fp tpLthu;. ,jidf; Fwpj;Jj;
jhd; me;j r`hgpg; ngz;kzp egpfshhplk; Kiwapl;L
jPh;it Ntz;b dhu;. mg;NghJ my;yh`; gpd;tUk;
trdq;fis mUspdhd;.
(egpNa!) jdJ fzth; gw;wp ck;kplk; ju;f;fpj;J
my;yh`;tplk; KiwapLfpd;wtspd; Ngr;ir epr;rakhf
my;yh`; nrtpNaw;Wtpl;lhd;. NkYk; my;yh`; cq;fs;
,UtupdJk; ciuahliyAk; nrtpNaw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;
fpd;whd;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; nrtpAWgtd; ghu;g;gtd;.
cq;fspy; vtu;fs; jkJ kidtpaiuj; jha;f;F
xg;gpl;Lf; $Wfpwhu;fNsh mtu;fs; ,tu;fsJ jha;khu; fs;
,y;iy. ,tu;fspd; jha;khu;fs; ,tu;fisg; ngw;nwLj;
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ngha;iaANk $Wfpd;wdh;. epr;rakhf my;yh`; gpiofis
nghWg;gtd;. kpf;f kd;dpg;gtd;. (my;Fu;Md;:58:1-4)
xU ngz;zpd; tho;tpay; cupik rk;ge;jkhf vOe;j
gpur;ridf;F jPu;thfNt Ntjtrdq;fs; mUsg;gl;L mjd;
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itf;fg;gl;lJ.
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~~(kWik ehspy;) tprhuizapd;NghJ fzf;F
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$wpaNghJ ehd;; my;yh`;tpd; Jhju; mtu;fNs! vd;id
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mtuJ tyJ ifapy; toq;fg;gLfpwNjh mtu; ,yFthd
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$WfpwhNd vd;W Nfl;Nld;.mg;NghJ egp(]y;) mtu;fs;
,e;j trdk; kdpju;fs; Gupe;j ed;ik jPikfspd; gl;baiy
mtu;fSf;F Kd;ghf rku;gpf;fg;gLjiy Fwpg;gpLtjhFk;.

114

my;Fu;Md; iggps; ghu;itapy; ngz;Zupik

Nfs;tp fzf;fpd; NghJ vtu; JUtpj; JUtp tprhupf;fg;gL
thNuh mtu; mope;jhu; vd $wpdhu;fs;.(Ehy;: Gfhup4939)
Ntjj;jpYs;sijf; Fwpj;J vf;Nfs;tpAk; Nfl;ff;
$lhJ vd;W egp K`k;kj;(]y;) mtu;fs; fz;bf;ftpy;iy.
khwhf tpsf;fg;gLj;jpdhu;fs;. ngz;fspd; mwpit Nkk;
gLj;jpLk; mj;jid topfisAk; ,];yhk; jpwe;J nfhLj;
Js;sJ. Mz;fis Kjd;ik gLj;jp mtu;fspd; Njit
fSf;fhf ngz;fs; gilf;fg;gl;lhu;fs; vd $wp ,];yhk;
ngz;fis mbikahf;fpl tpy;iy. rkcupikfis
,UrhuhUf;Fk; toq;fpMd;kPf me;j];jpidAk; MZf;F
rkkhf toq;fp Nghw;WfpwJ.
~~cq;fspy; MzhapDk; ngz;zhapDk; ew;nray;
GupNthupd; vr;nraiyAk; ehd; tPzhf;f khl;Nld; vd;W
mth;fsJ ,ul;rfd; mth;fSf;Fg; gjpyspj;jhd;.
(my;Fh;Md; 3:195)
MNzh ngz;Nzh ek;gpf;ifahsuhf ,Uf;Fk;
epiyapy; ahu; ey;ywq;fs; Gupfpd;whu;fNsh mtu;fs; Rth;f;
fj;jpy; Eiothh;fs;. mtu;fs; rpwpjsTk; mepahak; nra;ag;
glkhl;lhh;fs;. (my;Fh;Md; 4:124)
cyf kf;fspd; ,Wjp NtjEhyhd my;Fu;Mdpy;
ngz;fspd; cupikfs; rk;ge;jkhf Ngrf;$ba ~~me;ep]h’’
(ngz;fs;) vd;w ngaupy; jdp mj;jpahaKk; ku;ak; (miy)
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~~ku;ak;’’ vd;w ngaupy; jdp mj;jpahaKk; cz;L.
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nfhLf; fg;gl;Ls;sJ.
,iwj; Jhjupd; kiwTf;F gpd; mtu;fSila
kidtp md;id Map\h (uyp) mtu;fs; %yKk; Vida
ngz;fs; %yKk; epiwa khu;f;f mwpTfs; (`jP]; tpsf;
fq;fs;) ,r; r%fj;jpw;F fpilj;jd. ngz;ikia fhuzk;
fhl;b mtu;fSila tpsf;fj;jpid vtUk; Gwf;fdpf;f
Tkpy;iy Mz;fSf;F Kd; mlq;fpapUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd

115

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