You are on page 1of 14

Resonance in

Alternating-Current
Circuits

February 15, 2017
Physics 3B and 3C

2/20/2017 1

2 Objectives:  Identifyconditions for resonance in a series L-R-C circuit  Describe what happens to the impedance and current of a series L- R-C circuit at resonance .

3 Resonance  Behavior of an AC circuit depends on the angular frequency (ω) of the source  There is a value of ω when the impedance is minimum  ωo– resonance angular frequency Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman .

4 Resonance  What happens to current when impedance is minimum?  Current is maximum 1 1 X L  XC o L  o  o C LC  Angular frequency of L-C circuit  Resonance frequency: o fo  2 Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman .

5 Voltages  vL leads i by 90o or ¼ cycle (ELI)  vC lags i by 90o or ¼ cycle (ICE)  vL and vC differ in phase by 180o or ½ cycle  At resonance: X L  XC VL  VC .

Angular Frequency Given: V = 100 V L = 2.0 H C = 0. 6 Current vs.50 µF 3 different values of R Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman .

XL = XC 4. Z is minimum 2. vR = v . I is maximum 3. 7 Summary 1.

Calculate the: Resonance Frequency Inductive Reactance (at RF) Capacitive Reactance (at RF) Impedance (at RF) rms voltages and current (at RF) Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman . 8 Example: Consider the LRC series circuit shown below. All voltmeters and ammeter measure rms values.

All voltmeters and ammeter measure rms values. 9 Example: Consider the LRC series circuit shown below.8kHz  800kHz Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman .40mH )(100 pF ) o  510 rad s 6 f o  795. Calculate the: Resonance Frequency Resonance Angular Frequency: o  1  fo  LC 2 1 o  (0.

Calculate the: Inductive and Capacitive Reactance X L   L X L  ( 5 10 Hz )( 0. All voltmeters and ammeter measure rms values.4mH ) 6 X L  2k X C  1/ C X C  1/(5 10 Hz)(100 pF ) 6 X C  2k Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman . 10 Example: Consider the LRC series circuit shown below.

11 Example: Consider the LRC series circuit shown below. Calculate the: Impedance Z  R  X L  X C  2 2 Z  500  2k  2k 2 2 Z  500 Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman . All voltmeters and ammeter measure rms values.

All voltmeters and ammeter measure rms values. Calculate the: RMS Current Vrms I rms  Z 1V I rms  500  I rms  2mA Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman . 12 Example: Consider the LRC series circuit shown below.

rms  I rms X C VL.0V Sources: University Physics (13th edition) by Young and Freedman .rms  I rms X L VC . All voltmeters and ammeter measure rms values. Calculate the: RMS Voltage VR.rms  I rmsR VR.rms  1.rms  4.0V VC .rms  4.0V VL. 13 Example: Consider the LRC series circuit shown below.

What will happen to the resonance frequency if the plate separation of the capacitor is quartered? A C'   o  4C (1 / 4)d  1 f  2 L(4C ) The resonance frequency is halved . 14 Exercise: Consider an LRC series circuit connected to a power supply.