You are on page 1of 4

COMPONENTS OF PROPOSAL

*BEFORE YOU START WRITING, PLEASE MAKE SURE THAT YOUR HEADINGS
AND SUB-HEADINGS ARE ORGANIZED PROPERLY
Your proposal should follow all the components below
1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
 Your introduction is very important, actually the most important part of
your proposal.
 If your introduction gets your audience's attention, they will stay with
you throughout your proposal.
 An effective introduction discusses the meaningfulness of the study
with presentation of problem or issue.
 It also serves as an argument advocating the need of study for your
chosen object and gives a clear insight into your intentions.

2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
 A sentence presenting the problem followed by a few sentences to
elaborate
 Explain how you came to this question/problem based on your previous
interests (research you might have been involved in, other courses you
have taken, your work experience, discussions, etc.).
 The most important aspect of a research proposal is the clarity of the
research problem. For a short statement, it certainly has a lot of power.
 The statement of the problem is the focal point of your research. It
should state what you will be studying, whether you will do it through
experimental or non-experimental investigation, and what the purpose
of your findings will be.
 An effective problem statements answer the question “Why does this
research need to be conducted?”

3. RESEARCH QUESTIONS
 A research question proposes a relationship between two or more
variables. Just as the title states, it is structured in form of a
question. There are three types of research questions:

I. A descriptive research question seeks to identify and describe
some phenomenon.
An example: What is the ethnic breakdown of patients seen in
the emergency room for non- emergency conditions.

II. A differences research question asks if there are differences
between groups on some phenomenon.
For example: Do patients who receive massage experience
more relief from sore muscle pain than patients who take a hot
bath?

.. overcome the difficulty with . understand what makes ___ successful or unsuccessful  It is then followed by a paragraph which describes the objectives that support the goal of the research investigation.. They both describe things that a person may want to achieve or attain.. .. . They are time- related to achieve a certain task. . Objectives should align with a study’s goals. 5. .  The purpose often starts with a single goal statement that explains what the study intends to accomplish.... each is different in its scope.. refine our current understanding of . A few typical statements are:  The goal of this study is to. III. discover what . For example: If one increases his level of physical exercise does muscle mass also increase? 4. A relationship question asks if two or more phenomena are related in some systematic manner.. affecting larger populations over longer time frames.. understand the causes or effects of . OBJECTIVES  The objectives that are the targets and desired outcomes of work done by you to find answers to the problem or issue under investigation.. provide a new interpretation of ... ..  Objectives are more specific and defined in nature.. .. they are described as achieved or not achieved.. . SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY  An explanation of the significance of a study may include the meaning of the research work to you personally and should include how your research benefits or impacts others in part or whole.. however... and are the measurable outcomes of activities undertaken to achieve goals..  The words goal and objective are often confused with each other.  Goals are more global in nature. They are the big vision and are more general in wording...

the nature of self-reporting .the sample . . Define subject-specific and technical terms. observation or interviews 8.time constraints 7. METHODOLOGY  A research proposal's methodology outlines the strategy for conducting an investigation in order to answer a research question. conditions or influences that cannot be controlled by the researcher that place restrictions on your methodology and conclusions.the instruments you utilized .  Discuss what people or groups of people might benefit from reading your research.  Things to think about: . Show how this project is significant to developing a body of knowledge. define the terms. 6.  This section gives the definition of important terms and concepts that are usually stated in the objectives.  If your investigation will contribute to a portion of a larger investigation. improvement is operationally defined as posttest score minus pretest score". DEFINITION OF TERMS  Be sure that your proposal is understandable to a general reader who does not know much about your field of investigation.  PROCEDURE will include questionnaires. describe that larger investigation as well. LIMITATION OF THE STUDY  Limitations are influences that the researcher can not control. the researcher will need to plan out and share the procedures that will be used in the investigation.  Explain any operational definitions. An example of an operational definition is: "For the purpose of this research.  If you are using words that are different in meaning in the context of your experiment from traditionally accepted meanings. the definitions that you have created just for your study.  As a part of an overall research project proposal. and research questions. hypothesis.your analysis . Be sure to refer to authoritative sources in your definitions.  Limitations are shortcomings. Any limitations that might influence the results should be mentioned.

with definitions stated in complete sentences. The clearest way to arrange your definitions page is to arrange terms in alphabetical order. Use APA style . REFERENCES Please refer to GREEN BOOK .