LEGO Education Early Simple Machine

Table of Contents

1. LEGO® Element Survey ........................................................................................... 1

2. Activities

2.1 Lesson 1a - Seesaw (Levers) .............................................................................. 3

2.2 Lesson 1b - Stamper (Levers) ............................................................................ 6

2.3 Lesson 2a – Car and Launcher (Wheels and Axles)...................................... 9

2.4 Lesson 2b – Cab and Trailer (Wheels and Axles) ......................................... 12

2.5 Lesson 3a – Crane (Pulleys) ............................................................................. 15

2.6 Lesson 3b – Fan (Pulleys).................................................................................. 18

2.7 Lesson 4a – The Crown’s Eyes (Gear - Direction) ....................................... 21

2.8 Lesson 4b – Guess the Colour (Gear - Direction) ....................................... 24

2.9 Lesson 5a – Marry-Go-Round (Gear - Speed) ............................................. 28

2.10 Lesson 5b – Food Mixer (Gear - Speed) ..................................................... 31

2.11 Lesson 6a – Winch (Crown Gear) ............................................................... 34

2.12 Lesson 6b – Turnstile (Crown Gear) .............................................................. 37

2.13 Lesson 7a – Car with Crane (Worm Gear) ................................................. 40

2.14 Lesson 7b – Measuring Wheel (Worm Gear) .............................................. 43

3. Problem Solving Activities

3.1 Wind Speed Tester ............................................................................................ 46

3.2 A Carnival Ride ................................................................................................. 50

LEGO® Element Survey

1x 1x 1x
LEGO® DUPLO® girl LEGO® DUPLO® boy Brick with eyes, oval, 2x4x2, yellow
4271511 4502103 81981

4x 4x 2x
Brick with arch, 2x3, red Brick with holes, 2x4, red Plate, 2x4, yellow
230221 75349 4160152

3x 5x
Brick, 2x2, yellow Brick, 2x4, yellow
343724 301124
2x
Bridge element, 2x4x2, yellow
4221004

2x 4x
Brick, 2x2, red Brick, 2x4, red
343721 301121
2x
Beam, 7-module, yellow
652424

3x 3x
Brick, 2x2, green Brick, 2x4, green
343728 301128

4x
Beam, 11-module, yellow
652524

2x
Brick, 2x8, red
419921

2x
String with hook, yellow
75536

2x
Brick with holes, 2x10, red
75350

1
LEGO, the LEGO logo and DUPLO are trademarks of the LEGO Group. ©2008 The LEGO Group. 82

LEGO® Element Survey

2x 4x 1x
Gear, 24-tooth crown, blue Axle with gear, Worm gear, blue
4501054 5-module, 8-tooth, blue 4271573
652323

6x
Connector peg, handle, yellow
2x 4493718
Gear, 24-tooth crown, red
652921 2x
Axle with gear,
8-module, 8-tooth, blue
4113296

2x
Belt, blue
71059

2x 7x
Gear, 40-tooth crown, yellow Axle, 6-module, grey
4501044 4211534

15x
Hub / pulley wheel, yellow
4271570 5x 1x
Axle, 8-module, green Gear block, transparent
652128 4113297

4x
Tyre, black
4514411

1x 1x
Plate, 6x12, green Plastic forms sheet, green
4281607 4520270

2
LEGO, the LEGO logo and DUPLO are trademarks of the LEGO Group. ©2008 The LEGO Group. 83

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine

Lesson 1a – Seesaw (Levers)

Topics : -

- Seesaw (Levers)

Learning Objectives : -

- Students are able to understand that a lever model
can be created by allowing part of the structure to
revolve round or pivot on
o A single point
o An axle
- Students are able to understand the practical uses of
levers and explore ways of creating a balancing
scale (first-class lever).

Learning Activities :-

- Learn how to translate a real-life structure (seesaw)
into an Early Simple Machines model.

3

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine

Lesson 1a – Seesaw (Levers)

Exercise

Fill in the correct answers.
Balance or imbalance?

1.

balance

imbalance
2.

4

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 1a – Seesaw (Levers). 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 5 .

.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 1b – Stamper (Levers) Topics : - . Learn how to apply two parallel levers (beams) in an Early Simple Machines model (stamper) to lift and lower a weight. 6 .Students are able to understand the practical uses of levers and explore ways of creating a more complicated lever.Stamper (Levers) Learning Objectives : - .Students are able to understand that a more complicated lever model can be created by allowing parts of the structure to revolve round or pivot on multiple points or axles. Learning Activities :- .

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 1b – Stamper (Levers) Exercise Fill in the correct answers. 1 Axle 2 Beam Brick with holes 3 7 .

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 1b – Stamper (Levers). 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 8 .

.Car and Launcher (Wheels and Axles) Learning Objectives : - . 9 . .Allow children to experiment with the force of launcher which is necessary to start the car moving. .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 2a – Car and Launcher (Wheels and Axles) Topics : - .Students are able to understand that heavy loads can be moved with less effort when rollers or wheels are used to reduce friction.Students are able to understand that a wheel needs an axle to hold it in place to allow it to turn.Learn how wheels can be used to move a complete model (car) rather than just part of a model.Students are able to understand that wheels and axles enable the model to move on a different plane (forwards and backwards). Learning Activities :- .

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 2a – Car and Launcher (Wheels and Axles) Exercise Fill in the correct answers. 1 Tyre 2 Plate 3 Brick with arch Brick 4 10 .

1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 11 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 2a – Car & Launcher (Wheels and Axles).

. and pivot point to allow a section of a model to turn. .Cab and Trailer (Wheels and Axles) Learning Objectives : - . Learning Activities :- .Students are able to understand that a wheel needs an axle to hold it in place to allow it to turn. 12 .Learn how to allow a section of a model (cab) to turn by adding a pivot point on the model.Students are able to understand that both the use of wheels to allow movement of a complete model.Students are able to understand that heavy loads can be moved with less effort when rollers or wheels are used to reduce friction.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 2b – Cab and Trailer (Wheels and Axles) Topics : - .

Can turn or cannot turn? 1 Can turn 2 Cannot turn 13 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 2b – Cab and Trailer (Wheels and Axles) Exercise Fill in the correct answers.

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 2b – Cab & Trailer . (Wheels and Axles) 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 14 .

Students are able to understand that a pulley is a special kind of wheel with a groove in it which will help to reduce friction.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 3a – Crane (Pulleys) Topics : - . .Learn how to build a crane with free turning pulley to lift heavy loads or pull objects. 15 .Students are able to understand that a rope can pass over a free-turning pulley or be wound round a fixed pulley. Learning Activities :- .Crane (Pulleys) Learning Objectives : - .

1 Pulley 2 Hook Handle 3 16 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 3a – Crane (Pulleys) Exercise Fill in the correct answers.

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 3a – Crane (Pulleys). 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 17 .

Students are able to understand that a pulley is a special kind of wheel with a groove in it which will help to reduce friction.Students are able to understand that two pulleys can be connected by a belt which enables one pulley to turn the other. Learning Activities :- .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 3b – Fan (Pulleys) Topics : - . .Fan (Pulleys) Learning Objectives : - . .Build a fan to investigate the change of speed produced by using different sized pulleys.Students are able to understand that different sized pulleys can be used to change output speed. 18 .

Drive Pulley Driven Pulley 19 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 3b – Fan (Pulleys) Exercise Match the correct answers.

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 3b – Fan (Pulleys) . 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 20 .

Students are able to understand the teeth of one gear mesh with and turn the teeth of the second gear.Students are able to understand that a gear is a wheel with identical teeth round the edge. .Build a “Crown’s Eyes” and observe the turning direction of the meshing gears. Learning Activities :- . .The Clown’s Eyes (Gear .Direction) Learning Objectives : - .Direction) Topics : - .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 4a – The Clown’s Eyes (Gear .Students are able to understand that two gears meshed together turn in opposite directions. 21 .

Driven Gear Drive Gear 2) Circle the correct answer.Direction) Exercise 1) Match the correct answers. 3) Draw arrow on the circle to show clockwise direction. Drive gear and driven gear will turn in ( same / opposite ) direction.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 4a – The Clown’s Eyes (Gear . 22 .

1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 23 .Direction).LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 4a – The Clown’s Eyes (Gear .

Direction) Learning Objectives : - . Learning Activities :- .Direction) Topics : - . but a third gear placed between them will make them turn in the same direction.Students are able to understand that two gears meshed together will turn in opposite directions.Students are able to understand that a gear is a wheel with identical teeth round the edge.Learn to place the third. .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 4b – Guess the Colour (Gear .Guess the Colour (Gear . central or idler gear between two gears to make them turn in the same direction. 24 .

Direction) Exercise 1 Match the correct answers. Drive Gear Idler Gear Driven Gear 25 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 4b – Guess the Colour (Gear .

D ri v e g e a r a n d d ri v en g e a r wi l l t u r n i n ( same / opposite ) direction.Direction) Exercise 2 1) Circle the correct answer.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 4b – Guess the Colour (Gear . 2) Draw arrow on the circle below to show counterclockwise direction. 26 .

1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 27 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 4b – Guess the Colour (Gear .Direction).

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 5a – Merry-Go-Round (Gear .Merry-Go-Round (Gear .Students are able to understand that two gears of different sizes meshed together will operate at different speeds. 28 .Students are able to understand that output speed will be reduced when a small gear turns a larger gear. Learning Activities :- . .Speed) Topics : - . .Students are able to understand that output speed will be increased when a large gear turns a smaller gear.Learn to use different size gears to make parts of a model move at different speeds.Speed) Learning Objectives : - .

Driven Gear Drive Gear Driven Gear 29 .Speed) Exercise Match the correct answers.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 5a – Merry-Go-Round (Gear .

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : _______________ _________ Activity : Lesson 5a – Merry-Go-Round (Gear . 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 30 .Speed).

Speed) Learning Objectives : - . .Students are able to understand that output speed will be increased when a large gear turns a smaller gear.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 5b – Food Mixer (Gear . . 31 .Students are able to understand that two gears of different sizes meshed together will operate at different speeds.Food Mixer (Gear .Students are able to understand that output speed will be reduced when a small gear turns a larger gear.Learn to build a food mixer that will increase output speed by applying a larger gear to turn a smaller gear.Speed) Topics : - . Learning Activities :- .

Speed) Exercise Circle the correct answers.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 5b – Food Mixer (Gear . No Drive Gear Driven Gear Speed 1 Speed Up Speed Down Same Speed 40-tooth gear 24-tooth gear 2 Speed Up Speed Down Same Speed 40-tooth gear 40-tooth gear 3 Speed Up Speed Down Same Speed 24-tooth gear 40-tooth gear 32 .

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : ________________________ Activity : Lesson 5b – Food Mixer .Speed). (Gear . 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 33 .

Learning Activities :- .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 6a – Winch (Crown Gear) Topics : - .Winch (Crown Gear) Learning Objectives : - . 34 .Students are able to understand that a change in output speed and direction will be produced when a crown gear works with a larger or smaller spur gear. .Learn how a crown gear can be used to transfer the input (the handle being turned) through 90 degrees to operate the output (the winding mechanism).Students are able to understand that crown gear has special curved teeth which enable it to mesh at right angles with a spur gear.

Crown gear turn the follower by ( 90° / 180° ). Driven Gear Drive Gear 2) Circle the correct answer.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 6a – Winch (Crown Gear) Exercise 1) Match the correct answers. 35 .

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : __________________ ______ Activity : Lesson 6a – Winch (Crown Gear). 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 36 .

Build a real model using a crown gear to transfer horizontal movement (the turnstile) to vertical movement (the counting mechanism). . 37 . Learning Activities :- .Students are able to understand that crown gear has special curved teeth which enable it to mesh at right angles with a spur gear.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 6b – Turnstile (Crown Gear) Topics : - .Turnstile (Crown Gear) Learning Objectives : - .Students are able to understand that a change in output speed and direction will be produced when a crown gear works with a larger or smaller spur gear.

24-tooth gear 24-tooth crown gear 40-tooth gear 8-tooth gear 4. Gears 1. 24-tooth gear 24-tooth crown gear 40-tooth gear 38 . 24-tooth gear 24-tooth crown gear 40-tooth gear 8-tooth gear 3.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 6b – Turnstile (Crown Gear) Exercise Circle the correct answers. 8-tooth gear 24-tooth gear 24-tooth crown gear 40-tooth gear 8-tooth gear 2.

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : _____________ ___________ Activity : Lesson 6b – Turnstile (Crown Gear). 1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 39 .

40 .Car with Crane (Worm Gear) Learning Objectives : - .Students are able to understand that a worm gear is used to slow down the output speed of a machine and to change the direction of the movement produced.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 7a – Car with Crane (Worm Gear) Topics : - .Build a car with crane that uses the worm gear to lift a load and to hold it in place whilst the car moves along. .Students are able to understand that worm gear pushes just one tooth on the spur gear round every time it turns. Learning Activities :- .

41 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 7a – Car with Crane (Worm Gear) Exercise 1) Match the correct answers. quickly ). Worm gear will roll up the hook ( slowly . Drive Gear Driven Gear 2) Circle the correct answer.

1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 42 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : __________________ _____ Activity : Lesson 7a – Car with Crane (Worm Gear).

.Students are able to understand that a worm gear is used to slow down the output speed of a machine and to change the direction of the movement produced.Students are able to understand that worm gear pushes just one tooth on the spur gear round every time it turns.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 7b – Measuring Wheel (Worm Gear) Topics : - .Measuring Wheel (Worm Gear) Learning Objectives : - . 43 . Learning Activities :- .Build a familiar measuring wheel and adapts it to include a measuring gauge and pointer.

Transparent Box 1. 3. 24 B.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Lesson 7b – Measuring Wheel (Worm Gear) Exercise Fill in the correct answers. A. 44 . 24-tooth gear is unable to drive . Worm gear turns round in order to drive the 24- tooh gear one round. Worm gear can only be housed in the . Worm Gear C. 2.

1) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 2) Written Answers 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 45 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Weekly Assessment Date : __________ ______________ Activity : Lesson 7b – Measuring Wheel (Worm Gear).

Students are able to build a sturdy model that: o can rotate freely. o can withstand strong wind. 46 . Learning Activities :- .Build a wind speed tester with a pivot point allowing it to turn freely according to the wind speed.Students are able to understand that the model will move according to the wind speed: the stronger the wind.Wind Speed Tester Learning Objectives : - . the faster speed will turn. o has high capacity to catch the wind. .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Problem Solving Topics : - .

They need something to show them how windy it is. Can you help Sam and Sara to make a wind speed tester? 47 . but they want to know if it is windy enough.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Problem Solving Wind Speed Tester The Problem Sam and Sara are excited about flying their new kites.

48 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Design Brief Design and make a wind speed tester that: • Can stand on its own • Can catch strong wind • Can rotate freely according to wind speed Make a sketch of the idea you designed and made.

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Problem Solving Assessment Activity : The Problem – Wind Speed Tester. 1) Planning and Design 5 4 3 2 1 2) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 49 .

Learning Activities :- . 50 .Build a carnival ride that makes the characters go at different speeds and turn in different directions.A Carnival Ride Learning Objectives : - . but alternate gears turn in the same direction.Students are able to understand that connecting (meshing) gears turn in opposite directions. .Students are able to understand that gears with different sizes will turn at different speeds.LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Problem Solving Topics : - .

Can you help Sam and Sara to make a carnival ride operated by gears which will enable them to turn in different directions or at different speeds? 51 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Problem Solving A Carnival Ride The Problem Sam and Sara are going to a carnival. They want a carnival ride which makes them go at different speeds and turn in different directions.

52 .LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Design Brief Design and make a carnival ride that: • Turn in different directions • Move at different speeds Make a sketch of the idea you designed and made.

LEGO Education Early Simple Machine Problem Solving Assessment Activity : The Problem – A Carnival Ride. 1) Planning and Design 5 4 3 2 1 2) LEGO Construction 5 4 3 2 1 3) Teamwork 5 4 3 2 1 Remark: ________________________________________________ ________________________________________________ Marking Scheme: 5 Excellent 4 Good 3 Moderate 2 Poor 1 Fail 53 .