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DIgSILENT Technical Documentation

ABB REL 531


PowerFactory
Relay model description
DIgSILENT GmbH
Heinrich-Hertz-Strasse 9
D-72810 Gomaringen
Tel.: +49 7072 9168 - 0
Fax: +49 7072 9168- 88
http://www.digsilent.de
e-mail: mail@digsilent.de

ABB REL 531

PowerFactory
Relay model description

Published by
DIgSILENT GmbH, Germany

Copyright 2010. All rights


reserved. Unauthorised copying
or publishing of this or any part
of this document is prohibited.

doc.TechRef, Build 522

18 Juli 2011
Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1 MODEL GENERAL DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 4

2 RELAY NOT SUPPORTED FEATURES ...................................................................................................................... 6

3 REFERENCE MATERIAL ......................................................................................................................................... 7

ABB REL 531 Power Factory relay model description 3


1 Model general description
The ABB REL 531 PowerFactory relay model consists of a main relay model and 8 subrelays:

- TOC
- TOC2
- TOC3
- IOC
- TEF
- WEF1
- EF4
- Voltage

The main relay contains the measurement units, the distance trip zones with the relevant timers, the power swing element, the
output logic and all other subrelays.

More in detail the following functionalities are modelled in the main relay.

Two measurement units (Measure and Delta Measure block). Please dont forget to insert the nominal current and
the nominal voltage in both blocks.
One starting unit implementing the phase selection logic (Starting block)
One directional element (Dir-Z block)
Five phase-phase loop polygonal distance zones with the relevant timers (Z1P and Z1TP, Z2P and Z2TP,
Z3P and Z3TP, Z4P and Z4TP, Z5P and Z5TPblock ).
Five phase-ground loop polygonal distance zones with the relevant timers (Z1G and Z1TG, Z2G and Z2TG,
Z3G and Z3TG, Z4G and Z4TG, Z5G and Z5TGblock ).
One phase-phase loop high speed polygonal distance zone (Z1P High speed block)
One phase-ground loop high speed polygonal distance zone (Z1G High speed block)
One element detecting the power swing conditions which can be configured to block the distance zones (Power
Swing block)
Two polarizing blocks (Polarizing and Polarizing20 block). Please note that no user input is usually needed in these
blocks. The ability to maintain the right directionality after a fault along a series compensated line is provided by the
Polarizing20 block.

The following functionalities are modelled in the subrelays:

TOC subrelay:
One inverse characteristic phase overcurrent element (TOC Phase block)
One inverse characteristic residual overcurrent element (TOC Residual block)

TOC2 sub relay:

One not directional inverse characteristic phase overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and
additional trip delay (Toc2, Toc2 tLow and Toc2 I>Low block)
One time defined phase overcurrent element (Toc2 I>High block)

TOC3 sub relay:


One not directional inverse characteristic phase overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and
additional trip delay (Toc3, Toc3 tLow and Toc3 I>Low block)
One time defined phase overcurrent element (Toc3 I>High block)

ABB REL 531 Power Factory relay model description 4


IOC sub relay:
One time defined phase overcurrent element (IOC Phase block)
One time defined residual overcurrent element (IOC Residual block)

TEF sub relay:


One directional inverse characteristic zero sequence overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and
additional trip delay (TEF, TEF tLow and TEF Imin block)

WEF1 sub relay:


One directional time defined zero sequence overcurrent element (WEF1 Dir and WEF1 delay block)

EF4 sub relay:

Three directional time defined zero sequence overcurrent elements (EF4 Step 1, EF4 Step 2, EF4 Step 3, EF4
Dir block)
One not directional inverse characteristic zero sequence overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and
additional trip delay (EF4 Step 4, EF4 tLow and EF4 Step 4 Imin block)

Voltage sub relay:

One phase undervoltage time defined element (TUV block)


One phase overvoltage time defined element (TOV Phase block)
One zero sequence overvoltage time defined element (TOV Ground block)

The ABB REL 531 model can be configured to support the following additional features:

o POTT (Permissive overreach transfer trip) scheme. It can be enabled setting equal to TRIP the POTTTRIP
variable in the logic tab page of the Logic block dialog.

o Single phase trip. It can be enabled setting equal to TRIP the single_pole_trip variable in the logic tab page of
the Logic block dialog.

o Two phases trip. It can be enabled setting equal to TRIP the two_poles_trip variable in the logic tab page of the
Logic block dialog.

ABB REL 531 Power Factory relay model description 5


2 Relay not supported features

The following features are not supported:

directional sensitive power protection (WEF2)


scheme communication logic for residual overcurrent protection (EFC)
current reversal and weak end infeed logic for residual overcurrent protection (EFCA)
thermal overloadprotection (THOL)
breaker failure protection
unbalance protection for capacitor banks (TOCC)
pole slip protection
power system and secondary system supervision
scheme communication logic for distance protection (ZCOM)
current reversal and WEI logic for distance protection (ZCAL)
radial feeder protection (PAP)
automatic reclosing feature
pole discordance protection (PD)
stub protection

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3 Reference material

The model implementation has been based on the information available in the Technical reference manual
ProtectIT Line high speed distance protection terminal REL 531*2.3 Document No: 1MRK 506 073-UEN
Issued: June 2004 Revision: A document.

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