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DIgSILENT Technical Documentation

ABB REL 670
PowerFactory
Relay model description

DIgSILENT GmbH Heinrich-Hertz-Strasse 9 D-72810 Gomaringen Tel. Germany Copyright 2010.: +49 7072 9168 .digsilent.0 Fax: +49 7072 9168.de ABB REL 670 PowerFactory Relay model description Published by DIgSILENT GmbH. doc.88 http://www. Unauthorised copying or publishing of this or any part of this document is prohibited.de e-mail: mail@digsilent. All rights reserved. Build 522 18 Juli 2011 .TechRef.

............................................................................... 8 ABB REL 670 Power Factory relay model description 3 .................................................... Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 MODEL GENERAL DESCRIPTION ............................................................ 7 3 REFERENCE MATERIAL ........................................................................................................................................................... 4 2 RELAY NOT SUPPORTED FEATURES .................................

PDIF 87 .1 Model general description The ABB REL 670 relay model consists of a main relay model and 14 sub relays: . ZMHPDIS (polygonal distance zones) The main relay contains the sub relays. the directional element for the distance elements used without the serial compensation and the output logic.  One starting unit implementing the phase selection logic (“Phase Selector” block)  One load encroachment element (“PHS Load Area” block)  One directional element (“Dir-Z” block). PTOC 51N 67N . “Remote measure” and “Delta Measure” block). the starting element. ZMHPDIS (mho zones) . More in detail the following functionalities are modelled in the main relay. PTUV 27 PTOV 59 59N . RPSB 78 . PTOF PTUF PFRC 81 . PTOC 51_67 . TOC2 . TEF . Please note that in the default scheme such element is not operating any external signal. Please don’t forget to insert the nominal current and the nominal voltage in all blocks. the polarizing elements. SC RDIR (directional logic for series compensated line elements) . ZMCPDIS (series compensated line polygonal distance zones) . TOC3 . the measurement elements. PIOC . “PIOC” sub relay:  One time defined phase overcurrent element (“PIOC 50” block)  One time defined residual overcurrent element (“PIOC 50N” block) ABB REL 670 Power Factory relay model description 4 . The following functionalities are modelled in the subrelays: “PDIF 87” subrelay:  One high impedance differential trip element (“U> Trip”)  One high impedance differential alarm element (“U> Alarm”). This directional characteristic is not used by the distance elements present inside the “ZMCPDIS“ sub relay  Two polarizing blocks (“Polarizing” and”Polarizing20” block). Please note that no user input is usually needed in these blocks.  Three measurement units (“Measure”.

“PTOC 51N_67N 2”. it’s based on the monitoring of the system impedance position as related to two concentric shapes (“outer” and “inner” zone) in the R-X diagram ( “Power Swing” block)  The “Outer”zone defined by a polygonal distance zone and a load encroachment element (“Outer zone” and “Outer Load Area” block )  The “Inner”zone defined by a polygonal distance zone and a load encroachment element (“Inner zone” and “Inner Load Area” block ) “SC RDIR” subrelay: it provides the directional logic for the distance elements used to protect the series compensated lines  One impedance starting condition detector including a load encroachment element (“ZDS1” and “Load Area ZDS1” block)  One phase-phase and one phase-ground minimum current starting elements releasing the impedance stating detector (“ZDS1 IMinOpPP” and ” ZDS1 IMinOpPE” block)  One polarizing block using the faulted phases information coming from the impedance starting condition detector (“Polarizing” block)  One distance directional element (“Dir-Z” block) “TEF” sub relay:  One directional inverse characteristic zero sequence overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and additional trip delay (“TEF”. “FRC2” and “FRC2 intBlockLevel“ block) “PTUV 27 PTOV 59 59N” sub relay:  Two phase undervoltage inverse characteristic elements (“U1<” and ”U2<”block)  Two phase overvoltage inverse characteristic elements (“U1>” and “U2>” block)  Two zero sequence overvoltage inverse characteristic elements (“U1N>” and “U2N>” block) “RPSB 78” subrelay:  One power swing detector element. “PTOC 51N_67N 3”. “TUF 2” and “TUF2 intBlockLevel” block)  One over frequency elements with undervoltage blocking (“TOF” and “TOF1 intBlockLevel” block)  Two rate of change frequency elements with undervoltage blocking (“FRC1” and “FRC1 intBlockLevel”. “PTOC 51_67 3”.“PTOC 51N 67N” sub relay:  Four directional inverse characteristic zero sequence overcurrent elements (“PTOC 51N_67N 1”. “PTOC 51_67 4” and “Dir PTOC ” block)  One inrush restraint element implementing a 2nd harmonic threshold (“2nd harmonic Stab” block) “PTOF PTUF PFRC 81” sub relay:  Two under frequency elements with undervoltage blocking (“TUF 1” and “TUF1 intBlockLevel”. “TEF tLow” and “TEF Imin” block) “TOC” subrelay:  One inverse characteristic phase overcurrent element (“TOC Phase” block)  One inverse characteristic residual overcurrent element (“TOC Residual” block) “TOC2” sub relay:  One not directional inverse characteristic phase overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and additional trip delay (“Toc2”. “PTOC 51N_67N 4” and “Dir PTOC N” block)  One inrush restraint element implementing a 2nd harmonic threshold (“2nd harmonic Stab” block) “PTOC 51 67” sub relay:  Four directional inverse characteristic phase overcurrent elements (“PTOC 51_67 1”. “PTOC 51_67 2”. “Toc2 tLow” and “Toc2 I>Low” block)  One time defined phase overcurrent element (“Toc2 I>High” block) ABB REL 670 Power Factory relay model description 5 .

“ZMH2 PP” and “ZMH2 tPP”. “ZMQ5” with “ZMQ5 tPP” and “ZMQ5 tPE” timer block ).  Five minimum current starting elements releasing both the phase and the ground mho zones (“ZMH1 IMinOp”. “ZMC4 IMinOpPE” and “ZMC5 IMinOpPE” block)  One minimum zero sequence loop current starting element controlling zone 1 polygonal shape (“ZMC1 IMinOpN” block) “ZMHPDIS” sub relay:  Five phase-phase loop mho distance zones with the relevant timers (“ZMH1 PP” and “ZMH1 tPP”. “ZMH5 PE” and “ZMH5 tPE”block ). ABB REL 670 Power Factory relay model description 6 . “ZMQ4 IMinOpPE” and “ZMQ5 IMinOpPE” block)  One minimum zero sequence loop current starting element controlling zone 1 polygonal shape (“ZMQ1 IMinOpN” block) The ABB REL 670 model can be configured to support the following additional features: o POTT (“Permissive overreach transfer trip”) scheme. o Single phase trip. “ZMH4 PP” and “ZMH4 tPP”.” ZMH2 IMinOp”. It can be enabled setting equal to “TRIP” the “two_poles_trip” variable in the “logic” tab page of the “ZMCPDIS Output Logic”. It can be enabled setting equal to “TRIP” the “POTTTRIP” variable in the “logic” tab page of the “ZMCPDIS Output Logic”.” ZMHPDIS Output Logic” and “ZMQPDIS Output Logic” block dialog. “ZMH2 KN”.  Five minimum phase-phase loop current starting elements (“ZMQ1 IMinOpPP”.” ZMC2 IMinOpPP”. “ZMC3 IMinOpPP”. “ZMH3 IMinOp”. “ZMH3 PP” and “ZMH3 tPP”. “Toc3 tLow” and “Toc3 I>Low” block)  One time defined phase overcurrent element (“Toc3 I>High” block) “ZMCPDIS” sub relay:  Five phase-phase and phase-ground loop polygonal distance zones with separated timers for phase and ground loops (“ZMC1” with “ZMC1 tPP” and “ZMC1 tPE” timer.” ZMQ2 IMinOpPP”. “ZMQ3 IMinOpPE”.” ZMHPDIS Output Logic” and “ZMQPDIS Output Logic” block dialog. “ZMH5 PP” and “ZMH5 tPP”block ). “ZMH3 KN”. “ZMH2 PE” and “ZMH2 tPE”.  Five minimum phase-phase loop current starting elements (“ZMC1 IMinOpPP”. “ZMQ3 IMinOpPP”.” ZMHPDIS Output Logic” and “ZMQPDIS Output Logic” block dialog. “ZMH4 IMinOp” and “ZMH5 IMinOp” block)  Five polarizing elements (“ZMH1 KN”. “ZMQ4” with “ZMQ4 tPP” and “ZMQ4 tPE” timer. “ZMC3” with “ZMC3 tPP” and “ZMC3 tPE” timer.” ZMC2 IMinOpPE”. “ZMQ2” with “ZMQ2 tPP” and “ZMQ2 tPE” timer.“TOC3” sub relay:  One not directional inverse characteristic phase overcurrent element with minimum activation threshold and additional trip delay (“Toc3”. “ZMC4 IMinOpPP” and “ZMC5 IMinOpPP” block)  Five minimum phase-ground loop current starting elements (“ZMC1 IMinOpPE”. o Two phases trip. “ZMH4 KN” and “ZMH5 KN” block) “ZMQPDIS” sub relay:  Five phase-phase and phase-ground loop polygonal distance zones with separated timers for phase and ground loops (“ZMQ1” with “ZMQ1 tPP” and “ZMQ1 tPE” timer. “ZMQ4 IMinOpPP” and “ZMQ5 IMinOpPP” block)  Five minimum phase-ground loop current starting elements (“ZMQ1 IMinOpPE”. It can be enabled setting equal to “TRIP” the “single_pole_trip” variable in the “logic” tab page of the “ZMCPDIS Output Logic”.  Five phase-ground loop mho distance zones with the relevant timers (“ZMH1 PE” and “ZMH1 tPE”. “ZMC4” with “ZMC4 tPP” and “ZMC4 tPE” timer. “ZMC5” with “ZMC5 tPP” and “ZMC5 tPE” timer block ).” ZMQ2 IMinOpPE”. “ZMC2” with “ZMC2 tPP” and “ZMC2 tPE” timer. “ZMQ3” with “ZMQ3 tPP” and “ZMQ3 tPE” timer . “ZMC3 IMinOpPE”. “ZMH3 PE” and “ZMH3 tPE”. “ZMH4 PE” and “ZMH4 tPE”.

32)  broken conductor check (PTOC. 50 BF)  stub protection (PTOC.2 Relay not supported features The following features are not supported:  breaker failure protection (RBRF. 46)  scheme communication logic for residual overcurrent protection (EFC)  current reversal and weak end infeed logic for residual overcurrent protection (EFCA)  thermal overloadprotection (THOL)  unbalance protection for capacitor banks (TOCC)  pole slip protection  power system and secondary system supervision  scheme communication logic for distance protection (ZCOM)  current reversal and WEI logic for distance protection (ZCAL)  radial feeder protection (PAP)  automatic reclosing feature ABB REL 670 Power Factory relay model description 7 . 32)  directional power protection (PDOP. 50 STB)  pole discordance protection (RPLD. 52 PD)  directional sensitive underpower protection (PDUP.

ABB REL 670 Power Factory relay model description 8 .1” document.3 Reference material The model implementation has been based on the information available in the “Technical reference manual Line distance protection IED REL 670 Document ID: 1MRK506275-UEN Issued: December 2007 Revision: B IED product version: 1.