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Mudra information

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The classical sources for the mudras in yoga are the Gheranda Samhita and the Ha
tha Yoga Pradipika.[7] The Hatha Yoga Pradipika states the importance of mudras
in yoga practice:
Therefore the goddess sleeping at the entrance of Brahma's door should be consta
ntly aroused with all effort, by performing mudra thoroughly.
In the 20th and 21st centuries, the yoga teacher Satyananda Saraswati, founder o
f the Bihar School of Yoga, continued to emphasize the importance of mudras in h
is instructional text Asana, Pranayama, Mudrā, Bandha.[7]
Basic mudra: Chin Mudrā
Rāmabhadrācārya meditating on the banks of the Mandakini River with fingers folded in
the chin mudrā.
The thumb and forefinger on each of the hands are joined, forming a zero. The re
st of the fingers are extended. The hands are placed palms-up on the thighs or k
nees while sitting in vajrasana. This mudrā supposedly activates the diaphragm, ma
king for deep "stomach-breathing" as the diaphragm pushes out the internal organ
s when it descends towards the pelvis on inhalation[citation needed]. Slow breat
hing in a 5-2-4-2 mentally counted rhythm (counting to 5 during the exhalation,
to 2 while holding the breath, and to 4 on the inhalation) causes prana flow in
the pelvis and in the legs.[citation needed]
Basic mudra: Chinmaya Mudrā
The thumb and forefinger are the same as in Chin Mudrā. The rest of the fingers ar
e folded into a fist. The non-folded part of the forefinger and the middle finge
r should still be touching. As in Chin Mudrā, the hands are placed palms-up on the
thighs while sitting in Vajrasana. This mudra supposedly activates the ribs, ma
king them expand sideways on inhalation. Slow breathing in a 5-2-4-2 counted rhy
thm (counting to 5 during the exhalation, to 2 while holding the breath, and to
4 on the inhalation) causes prana flow in the torso and in the throat.[citation
needed]
Basic mudra: Adi Mudrā
The thumb is folded into the palm, touching the base of the small finger. The re
st of the fingers are folded over the thumb, to create a fist. The hands are pla
ced palms-down on the thighs while sitting in Vajrasana. This mudra supposedly a
ctivates the pectoral muscles, making the chest expand forward on inhalation. Sl
ow breathing in a 5-2-4-2 counted rhythm (counting to 5 during the exhalation, t
o 2 while holding the breath, and to 4 on the inhalation) makes prana flow in th
e throat and in the head.[citation needed]
Basic compact mudra Brahma Mudrā
The hands are as in Adi Mudrā, but the palms face upwards and are located at the l
evel of the navel, with the left and right knuckles and first finger joints touc
hing. This is done while sitting in Vajrasana. Breathing becomes full: in inhala
tion, the diaphragm descends, the ribs then expand, and then the pectoral muscle
s move forward. Exhalation works in the same order, which creates a "wave" or ri
pple effect[citation needed].
Advanced compact mudra: Prana Mudrā
A complicated mudra combining hand gestures, synchronized movement from gesture
to gesture within the breath cycle, and meditation. The mudrā is practiced sitting
in Siddhasana. Even a single breath cycle of this mudra can significantly stimu
late the body[citation needed]. It is described in the book, Theories of the Cha
kras, by Hiroshi Motoyama.

the clenched fist of the right hand seemingly overli es the fingers joined to the thumb on the left hand. Bhūmisparśa Mudrā Buddha sitting in bhūmisparśa mudrā. Dharmachakra Mudrā The Buddha preached his first sermon after his Enlightenment in Deer Park in Sar nath. where the two hands are separated and the fingers do not touch. Gallo-Roman Museum of Lyon The bhūmisparśa or "earth witness" mudra of Gautama Buddha is one of the most common iconic images of Buddhism. subduing it as shown in several frescoes and scripts. This mudra was probably used before the onset of Buddhism as a symbol of good in tentions proposing friendship when approaching strangers. . peace. o ften shown having both hands making a double abhaya mudra that is uniform. that she witness his enlightenment when he was threatened by demon king Mara . Japan are seen using this mudra before the 9th century. It represents the Buddha asking Pṛthivi. someti mes facing the chest. In general. and his right hand touching the earth. the fingers closed. the "mudrā of the six elements."[10] i s a gesture entailing the left-hand index finger being grasped with the right ha nd. The dharmachakra or "turning of the wheel"[11] mudrā represents that moment. in his lap. Certain figures of Amitābha. the palm facin g forward. It was also used in China during th e Wei and Sui eras of the 4th and 7th centuries. White marble with traces of polychromy. It is commonly seen on statues of the Vairocana Buddha. There are several variants such as in the Ajanta Caves fre scoes." or the "fist of wisdom.[9] Bodhyangi Mudrā Bodhyangi Mudrā The Bodhyangi mudrā. Dharmacakra mudrā is two hands close together in front of t he chest in vitarka with the right palm forward and the left palm upward. pointing upright and the left hand resting by the side. It depicts the Buddha sitting in meditation with his left hand. it i s seen when showing the action of preaching. this mudra is associated with the walking Buddha. In the In do-Greek style of Gandhara. The Abhayamudra "gesture of fearlessness"[8] represents protection. benev olence and the dispelling of fear. In Theravada Buddhism it is usually made whil e standing with the right arm bent and raised to shoulder height.[citation needed] This gesture was used by the Buddha when attacked by an elephant. the devi of the earth. palm upright. In Thailand and Laos. In Gandharan art.[citation needed] In Mahayana Buddhism.Common Buddhist mudrās Abhaya Mudrā Korea's National Treasure 119. only Gautama Buddha is shown making this mudrā except Maitreya as the dispenser of the Law. t he northern schools' deities often paired it with another mudra using the other hand. Birmany. The right hand shows abhaya mudra while the left is in the varada mudra. In pictorials of Hōryū-ji in Ja pan the right hand is superimposed on the left.