You are on page 1of 6

Q1. At which of the following pressure, water will boil at 101.5°C?

(A) 76 cm of Hg (B) 76 mm of Hg (C*) > 76 cm of Hg (D) < 76 cm of Hg
Q2. Which of the following aqueous solution will show maximum vapour pressure at 300
K?
(A) 1 M NaCl (B) 1 M CaCl2 (C) 1 M AlCl3 (D*)1 M C12H22O11
Q3. The van’t Hoff factor for a dilute aqueous solution of glucose is:
(A) Zero (B*) 1.0 (C) 1.5 (D) 2.0
Q4. Which of the following colligative properties is not associated with molality?
(A) Lowering of vapour pressure (B*) Osmotic pressure
(C) Depression in freeaing point (D) Elevation in boiling point
Q5. The correct relationship between the boiling points of very dilute solution of AlCl 3
(T1K) and CaCl2(T2K) having the same molar concentration is:
(A) T1 = T2 (B*) T1 > T2 (C) T2 > T1 (D) T2  T1
Q6. Elevation in boiling point of a molar glucose solution (d = 1.2 g/ml) is:
(A*) 0.98 Kb (B) Kb (C) 1.20 Kb (D) 1.02 Kb
Q7. What will be the molecular weight of NaCl determined exprimentally from elevation
of boiling point or depression in freezing point method?
(A*) < 58.5 (B) > 58.5 (C) = 58.5 (D) None of these
Q8. The value of K1 for water is 1.86°C mole–1 kg, calculated for glucose solution. The
value of K1 for water, calcuated for NaCl solution will be:
(A*) = 1.86 (B) < 1.86 (C) > 1.86 (D) Zero
Q9. Acetic acid in benzene solution forms dimmer due to intermolecular H-bonding. Van’t
Hoff factor for acetic acid in benzene is:
(A) i = 1 (B) i > 1 (C*) i < 1 (D) data
insufficient
Q10. Which of the following solution will have least vapour pressure?
(A) 0.1 M BaCl2 (B) 0.1 M urea (C) 0.1 M Na2SO4 (D*) 0.1 M
Na3PO4
Q11. The values of observed and calculated molecular weights of silver nitrate are 92.64
and 170 respectively. The degree of dissociation of silver nitrate would be:
(A) 60% (B*) 83.5% (C) 46.7% (D) 60.23%
Q12. The density of 1 M solution of a non-electrolyte C6H12O6 is 1.18 g/ml. If K1 of H2O is
1.86°C mol–1 kg, then solution freezes at:
(A) –1.58°C (B*) –1.86°C (C) –3.16°C (D) 1.86°C
Q13. An aqueous solution of urea has freezing point of –0.52°C. If molarity and molality
are same and K1 for H2O is 1.86 K molality–1, the elevation in boiling point of solution
would be (Given: Kb for H2O is 0.52 K molality–1.)
(A*) 0.1456 K (B) 0.52 K (C) 1.86 K (D) 0.2912 K
Q14. A substance (A) is completely trimerised on dissolution in solvent B. The van’t Hoff
factor for such a change is:
(A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D*) 1/3

Q15. The boiling point of an aqueous solution of a non-volatile solute is 100.15°C . What is
the freezing point of an aqueous solution obtained by diluting the above solution with
an equal volume of water? The values of Kb and K1 for water are 0.512°C and 1.86°C
molalilty–1.
(A) – 0.544°C (B) –0.512°C (C*) –0.272°C (D) –1.86°C

On mixing 10 ml of carbon tetrachloride witg 10 ml of benzene.75 (B) 120. If a glass plate (of negligible mass) with a small hole is kept on top of the liquid surface. The vapour pressure of a dilute aqueous solution of glucose is 750 mm of Hg at 373 K. hence x would be (complex is 100% ionized).32 g (B) 0.45 Q23.It result in: (A) lowering of boiling point (B) reduced viscosity (C) reduced specific heat (D*) lowering of freezing point Q21.3 times the molecular weight of solute. (A) is more than what would be if the glass plate was removed (B*) is same as what would be if the glass plate was removed (C) is less than what would be if the glass plate was removed. ethylene glycol is added to water in the radiators of cars during winters.xNH3. Q27. For an ideal binary liquid solution with > . The mole fraction of solute will be : (A) (B) (C) (D*) Q26. In cold countries. Maximum freezing point will be for the complex salt solution of (assume equal ionization of all complex salts) (A) 1 M [Fe(H2O)6]Cl3 (B) 1 M [Fe(H2O)5Cl]Cl2H2O (C) 1 M [Fe(H2O)4Cl2]Cl. A liquid is kept in a closed vessel.2 (D) 4. Glucose is added to 1 litre water to such an extent that becomes equal to 1/1000.195 (C*) 120.45 (D) 75.0 Q17. the total volume of the solution would be: . the weight of glucose added will be: (A) 0. At a given tempreture. The vapour pressure of a solution of a non-volatile electrolyte B in a solvent A is 95% of the vapour pressure of the solvent at the same temperature. total vapour pressure in Torr of a mixture of volatile components A and B is given by PTotal = 120 – 75XB hence. the weight ratio of the solvent and solute are : (A) 0.Q16. then the vapour of the liquid in the vessel. elevation in boiling point of one molal soltuion is double than that of one molala urea solution.15 (B*) 5. Assuming each salt to be 90% dissociated. vapour pressure of pure A an dB respectively (in Torr) are (A) 120. the weight of solute. (D) cannot be predicted Q22.3H2O Q24.42 g (C) 0.22 g (D*) 0. (A*) 4 (B) 5 (C) 6 (D) None of thes Q18. A complex contains Pt (IV) and has van’t Hoff factor 3 in aqueous solution. which of the following will have highest boiling point? (A*) Decimolar Al2(SO4)3 (B) Decimolar BaCl2 (C) Decimolar Na2SO4 (D) A solution obtained by mixing equal volumes of (b) and (c).2H2O (D*) 1 M [Fe(H2O)3. The complex is : (A) K2[PtCl4] (B*) K2[PtCl3] (C) K3[PtCl5] (D) k[PtCl3] Q20.18 g Q25. which of the following relation between XA (mole fraction of A in liquid phase) and YA (mole fraction of A in vapour phase) is correct? (A) XA = YA (B) XA > YA (C) XA < YA (D*) < Q19.7 (C) 0. For CrCl3. If the molecular weight of the solvent is 0.

If solution behaves ideally. (A) [Fe|| (CN)6]3 (B*) K3[Fe|||(CN)6] (C) K4[Fe||(CN)6] (D) [Fe|||(CN)6]2 Q36. The value of at limxA  0 and at limXB  0 are (A*) 135 Torr & 254 Torr (B) 135 Torr & 230 Torr (C) 119 Torr & 135 Torr (D) 140 Torr & 135 Torr Q31. Depression in freezing point of 0. then the complex is (Given : Kb = 0.86°C. the vapour pressure (in Torr) of methyl and ethyl alcohol solutions is represented by PTotal = 119XA + 135 where XA is the mole fraction of methyl alochol.25 (D) none of these . A solution of one mole of benzoic acid in 15 moles of benzene produces a relative lowering of vapour pressure equal to 1/31. (A) > 20 ml (B) < 20 ml (C*) = 20 ml (D) cannot be predicted Q28. the total vapour pressure of the distillate is: (A) 85 mm Hg (B*) 85.40 Q30. A complex of iron and cyanide ions is 100% ionized at 1 molal. 15 g of solute in 100 g water makes a solution freeze at –1°C. Assuming molality of solution equal to its molarity. For the given electrolyte AxBy. At 40°C. A mixture contains 1 mole of volatile liquid A [ = 100 mm Hg] and 3 moles of volatile liquid B(= 80 mm Hg).08°.88 mm Hg (C) 90 mm Hg (D) 92 mm Hg Q37. 30 g of a solute in 100 g of water will give a depression in freezing point equal to: (A) –2°C (B) 0. the degree of dissociation ‘’ can be given as 1– i (A)  = x  y – 1 (B*) i = (1 – ) + x + y i –1 (C)  = 1 – x – y (D) All of these Q35.60 atm.5°C (C*) 2°C (D) 1°C Q33.2 Q38.75 (D) 0.50 (B*) 0. Mole fraction of CH3OH in a solution in which vapour pressure of CH3OH is 23 Torr at 25°C is: (A*) 0. The vapour pressure of pure liquid solvent A is 0. The molar mass of benzoic acid in benzene is: (A) 122 (B*) 244 (C) 61 (D) 189 Q32. pH of CH3COOH solution would be: (A) 2 (B*) 3 (C) 3. the vapour pressure of pure methyl alcohol is 92 Torr.4) will be [Given: = 100 mm Hg and = 200 mm Hg] (A) 0.02046°.66 Q29. Mole fraction of the component B in the solution is: (A) 0.50 (D) 0.2 (D) 4. At 25°C.01 molal aqueous CH 3COOH solution is 0. If its elevation in boiling point is 2.25 (B) 0.75 (C) 0.52°C mol–1 kg).4 (B) 0. Mole fraction of A vapours above the solution in mixture of A and B(X A = 0. 1 molal urea solution freezes at –1.80 atm.8 (C*) 0. The exact mathematical expression of Raoult’s law is: P – Ps n P – Ps N P – Ps n P – Ps (A) P = N (B) P = n (C*) Ps = N (D) P = n × N Q34. When a non-volatile substance B is added to the solvent.25 (C) 0. its vapour pressure reduces to 0.

2 M sugar solution (D) 0. the : (A*) freezing point is raised (B) freezing point is lowered (C) boiling point does not change (D) freezing point does not change Q46. According to Raoult’s law the relative decrease in the solvent vapour pressure over the solution is equal to: (A) the mole fraction of the solvent (B*) the mole fraction of the solute (C) the number of moles of the solute (D) none of the above Q43. u is degree of association.9 M NaCl (B*) 0. 12. (B) When solutions form. the molecules in the two phases have equal : (A) intermolecular forces (B) potential energy (C) total energy (D*) kinetic energy Q42.1 –1 m2. Which of the following solutions has maximum freezing point. gr.2 g of benzoic acid (M = 122) in 100 g benzene has depression in freezing point 2.073 joule Q41. When mercuric iodide is added to an aqueous solution of KI.54) would be : (A) 11 N (B) 22 N (C*) 33 N (D) 44 N Q47.3 M Al2(SO4)3 . (A) 1 (B*) 2 (C) 3 (D) 4 Q40. (sp. number of molecules of benzoic acid in associated state would be (Given : Kf = 5. The degree of dissociation () of a weak electrolyte AxBy is related to van’t Hoff factor (i) by the expression i 1 i 1   (A*) ( x  y  1) (B) ( x  y  1) x  y 1 x  y 1   (C) i 1 (D) i 1 Q45.6°C. their volumes are smaller than the sum of the volumes of their components. The normality of orthophosphoric acid having purity of 70% by wt. water being the solvent in each case: (A) 0.2°C kg/mol).Q39. On average. If in solvent. n simple molecules of solute combine to form an associated molecule. work done would be: (A) 73 joule (B) 730 joule (C*) 73 × 10–4 joule (D) 0. If the surface area is increaed by 0. (C) Heat is released during the formation of the solution.3 M CaCl2 (C) 1. Q44. If there is 100% association. (D*) Heat is evolved during the formation of the solution. Choose incorrect statement for a binary solution which show negative deviation from Raoult’s law: (A) The negative deviation from linearity diminishes and tends to zero as the concentration of the solution component approaches unity. the van’t Hoff’s factor i is equal to : 1 1  x  nx (A) 1  nx (B) 1 x x 1 x   1 x n n (C*) 1 (D) 1 Q48. A liquid is in equilibrium with its vapours at its boiling point. 1. Surface tension of water is 73 dyn cm at 20°C.

1ºC (C) 100.5ºC.05 M solution of A will produce an osmotic pressure. The molecular weight of benzoic acid in benzene as determined by depression in freezing point method corresponds to : (A) Ionisation of benzoic acid (B) Dimerization of benzoic acid (C) Trimerization of benzoic acid (D) Solvation of benzoic acid . What is the apparent % of dissociations: (A) 72% (B) 88% (C*) 78% (D) 56% Q51. 0.94 (D) 0.Q49.2ºC (D) 101. Mol fraction of the component A in vapour phase is x1 and mol fraction of component A in liquid mixture is x2 then (pA0 = vapour pressure of pure A. then total vapour pressure of the liquid mixture is : (A) (B) (C) (D) Q54. Which of the following solution pairs can be separated by fractional distillation? (A) Water HNO3 (B) Water HCl (C) Benzene–toluene (D) C2H5OH– water Q55. pB0 = vapour pressure of pure B). The degree of ionisation of KCl is: (A) 0.96 Q60. 1 g of XY 2 lowers the freezing point by 2. The atomic mass of element Y will be : (A) 42. Van’t Hoff factor of nitration of benzene in presence of H2SO4 and HNO3 is almost : (A) 1 (B) 2 (C) 3 (D*) 4 Q50. The molal elevation constant of water is 0. then 0. The elements X and Y form two different binary compounds XY 2 and XY4.64 (B) 64.5 P (B) P (C) 0. The van't Hoff factor of a 0.5ºC. Suppose that we have an ideal solution of A and B in the mole fraction ratio A : B = 1 : 2.5 P (D) 0. the mole % of A in the vapour in equilibrium with the solution at the given temperature is : (A*) 20 (B) 25 (C) 35 (D) 75 Q52.97 (C) 0.95 (B) 0. Pressure cooker reduces cooking time because : (A) the heat is more evenly distributed inside the cooker (B) a large flame is used (C) boiling point of water is elevated (D) whole matter is converted into steam Q56.8 Q53. If 0.34 (D) 12. The molal depression constant for CS2 is 5. Two liquids A and B have vapour pressure in the ratio : = 1 : 2 at a certain temperature. When dissolved in 20 g of CS2 solvent.1 molal aqueous NaCl solution is nearly : (A) 100.01 m aqueous solution of K3[Fe(CN)6] freezes at –0.062ºC.0ºC Q59.75 P Q57. whereas 1 g of XY4 lowers the freezing point by 1. An electrolyte A gives 3 ions and B is non–electrolyte.95. assuming that the electrolyte is completely ionised : (A) 1.51. The boiling point of 0.42 (C*) 33.1 M solution of B produces an osmotic pressure P.05ºC (B) 100.005 M aquesous solution of KCl is 1. The freezing point of equimolal aqueous solution will be heighest for : (A) C6H5NH3+Cl– (B) Ca(NO3)2 (C) La(NO3)3 (D) C6H12O6 (glucose) Q58.