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Eastern partnership

Mazur Yaroslav

The construction of the European Union

Dr. Corneliu Bilba

February 9, 2014

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Final structure and content of this cooperation depend on the particular state. the Eastern Partnership is designated to strengthen the democratization in the Eastern European and Southern Caucasus states. modernization and the rule of law. For example. We also try to analyze conceptual and practical differences between the strategy of enlargement and the European Neighborhood Policy and the role of Eastern Partnership in the context to the state-partners` expectations and the necessity of solving the neighborhood-enlargement dilemma. So it is directed at preventing the new line of separation between the expanded EU and its neighbors as well as providing an opportunity to participate in various European Union activities through a closer political. economic. The Partnership is to provide the foundation for new Association Agreements between the EU and those partners who have made sufficient progress towards the principles and values of European Union. to provide assistance to them in the processes of European integration. The Eastern Partnership is designed to provide active cooperation of the European Union with state-partners. . but they relate to the some issues. So we want to research what stage of relationship is the European Union have with each country and also analyze the key provisions of the Eastern Partnership Initiative as the new mechanism of the European Union cooperation in the Eastern Europe and in the Southern Caucasus. Special attention will be accentuated on the results of the Third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius and on the perspectives of implementing the Eastern Partnership Initiative in the next years. evaluate the additional and main capabilities for each state of Partnership. and collaboration in the sphere of security. cultural cooperation. 2 This paper deals with the analysis of the Eastern partnership in terms of its adequacy to current needs and challenges of the European Union`s relations with its Eastern neighbours in the context of eastern enlargement. But membership in the European Union isn`t defined as the ultimate goal of the partnership.

Israel. Not only for the European Union.The countries covered include Algeria. but also for states which wish to join. The Copenhagen declaration indicates that number of members could eventually rise. and its corresponding freedoms and institutions. eight Central and Eastern European countries (the Czech Republic. “The Eastern enlargement of the European Union. Estonia. Lithuania.Ukraine in the 1 Richard E.” European Economic Review 39 (1995): 476. Georgia. Moldova and the states of the Caucasus. and the land-border states of Ukraine. Baldwin. Libya. Before 2004.Jordan. Azerbaijan and Belarus. .Hungary. which require a stable democratic government that respects the rule of law. 1 As a result. The promise was extended to any eastern and central European country but state needs to fulfil some list of economic and political conditions called the Copenhagen criteria (after the Copenhagen summit in June 1993). Tunisia in the South and Armenia. Lebanon. Latvia. the Commission began to consider how enlargement would change the EUs external relations. The European Neighborhood Policy is a framework for cooperation between the European Union and all North African and Middle Eastern European sea-border states. the Palestinian Authority. Belarus. and how the the European Union could extend the reform stimulus of enlargement to the would-be new neighbors of the Union. 3 History and Development of the European Neighbourhood Policy in the East At its 1993 meeting in Copenhagen. plus two Mediterranean countries (Malta and Cyprus) were able to join on 1 May 2004. Moldova. Egypt. Slovakia. Syria. Morocco. Poland. the commission published a paper detailing the new policy. the European Council declared its intention to eventually enlarge the European Union eastward. and Slovenia). In May 2004. Its obviously that the gains from enlarging the European Union eastward are potentially enormous. After enlargement in 2004 the European Neighbourhood Policy was initiated with the goal to create an area of stability and welfare to the South and East from the new borders of the expanded European Union.

According to the decision of the European Council. 2008 the European Parliament representative from Germany Ingo Friedrich declared the idea of the Eastern-European Union creation. 4 East. The idea of separating the Eastern direction of the European Neighbourhood Policy existed a long time before the Initiative of the Eastern Partnership appeared. As part of the same wave (the fifth) as the 2004 enlargement took place the 2007 enlargement of the European Union. new instrument the EU's relations with neighboring countries became the European Neighbourhood Policy. “EU's Eastern Partnership: additional possibilities for European Integration of Ukraine”. which involves the organization of cooperation in many strategically important areas for CC. While distinct from the issue of potential membership. 2 The goal is to promote a set of political. 3 The Polish-Swedish Initiative of Eastern Partnership from the very beginning was directed at strengthening and stimulation of the Eastern dimension of the European Neighborhood Policy. Journal of Common Market Studies (2006): 2. “New wine in old wineskins: police adaptation the European neighborhood police”. on December 3. Russia has a special status with the EU-Russia Common Spaces instead of the European Neighborhood Policy participation. So after 2004-2007 enlargement of the European Union. The European Neighborhood Policy offers a privileged relationship based on mutual commitment to common values such as human rights and democracy. The Eastern Partnership was introduced as a joint Polish-Swedish initiative in May 2008 during the meeting of the EU’s General Affairs and Foreign Relations Council. on April 22. Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research (2009): 12. (80) . which involves the post-Soviet countries that after the expansion of the European Union in 2004 and 2007 became its direct neighbours. 2008 the European 2 Kelley Judith. economic and security-related reforms in the neighboring states. when Bulgaria and Romania join the European Union on 1 January 2007. (38) 3 Martyniuk Vitalii. but does not include a membership perspective.

the states of North Africa. And on March 20. Palestine.4 The Eastern Partnership is a European Union initiative directed at six countries of Eastern Europe and the South Caucasus: Armenia. Belarus. Eastern Europe and South Caucasus). ENP. 2014. and fixed it in the corresponding Communication "Eastern Partnership".eastern partnership. It offers deeper integration with the European Union structures by encouraging and supporting them in their political. Jordan. Moldova and Ukraine. 5 Council submitted proposals for the development of the Eastern Partnership.5 So Eastern Partnership is a strategy for developing relations EU with six countries of Eastern Europe and South Caucasus that aimed at building a common area based on common values. It was determined that the European Commission would execute the current management of the Eastern Partnership Program. The Eastern Partnership was launched by 27 European Union member states and the six partner countries at a summit in Prague on 7 May 2009. “The European Union`s eastern partnership chanses and perspectives”. “What is the Eastern Partnership?” Accessed January 23. as well as facilitating trade and increasing mobility between the EU and the partner states. Cuacasian review of international affairs 3 (2009): 144. which covers the 16 nearest neighbors of the EU (Israel. 2009 the European Council already approved the Eastern Partnership. So the main idea of The Eastern Partnership neither promises nor precludes the prospect of European Union membership to the partner states. http://www. did not take into account the peculiarities of the EU's relations with separately neighboring countries 4 Marcin Lapczynski. and would be responsible for its further conceptual planning. Azerbaijan. (155) 5 Easternpartnership. Appearance of EP as a new tool of the European Neighbourhood Policy caused by the following factors: . Georgia. institutional and economic reforms based on EU standards.org/content/eastern-partnership-glance . The initiative aims at tightening the relationship between the European Union and the Eastern partners by deepening their political co-operation and economic integration.

the European Union could make cooperation more close or in reverse. but may evolve taking into account the requirements. Azerbaijan. the European Union has always built its strategy for Eastern European Countries under the European Neighborhood Policy. Georgia and Moldova. such as Ukraine. Its means that it does not only include six countries of the Eastern Europe and the Southern Caucasus. The Eastern Partnership is a real new dimension of regional cooperation. opportunities and achievements of each of the Partner States. Introducing the "Eastern Partnership" as part of the European Neighborhood Policy. the European Union responded to the request for external strengthening of integration component (from the Eastern European countries) and for the inner need to strengthen Eastern dimension of its own foreign policy. Belarus. The key aspect of the Eastern Partnership is differentiation. 6 and needed revision towards regionalization. According to implementation of requirements. This led to the emergence of the initiative the "Eastern Partnership". which envisages improvement of the EU relations with the Eastern neighbors. It envisages to be more flexible through the differentiated approach to each of the Partner States depending on the success of internal reforms advancement and relations with the EU on the way to European integration. . Within a decade. Eastern Partnership as a new tool of strengthening the integration processes In this part of paper we discuss the main differences of the Eastern Partnership in comparison to the European Neighborhood Policy. Armenia. This policy could not provide an adequate response to challenges in EU relations with its neighbors. So what are the advantages of the new policy compared to the old one? At first the Eastern Partnership is a more flexible tool of cooperation in all fields. . its dimension of regional cooperation.

It means that the Eastern Partnership foresees strengthening of relations among the Eastern Partners themselves. which complete all the technical requirements of the EU. “EU's Eastern Partnership: additional possibilities for European Integration of Ukraine”. Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research (2009): 12. The final goal in the long perspective is the visa-free regime of movement among all of the Partner States. the EU shall install the visa-free regime only for those countries. Contrary to the European Neighbourhood Policy. such as Association Agreements. 6 Within the Eastern Partnership Program it is envisaged to conclude pacts of "mobility and security". Ministerial Conferences in separate spheres. Meetings of the Heads of States or other officials of the Eastern Partnership Partner States shall be held biannually. including agreements on deep and comprehensive free trade areas for those countries. the Eastern Partnership is not limited to neighbourhood relationsand has the goal for promoting the Partner States. The Eastern Partnership envisages organizational structure. The Eastern Partnership also introduces annual meetings of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the EU Member States and the Partner States. The multilateral format provides an opportunity for all the Partner States and the EU to understand better the situation in the region. till implementation of the EU standards within them. at least in separate spheres. The Eastern Partnership proposes both bilateral and multilateral formats for strengthening cooperation in the Eastern Europe and in the Southern Caucasus. In any case. The Eastern Partnership envisages increased financing in comparison to financing within the European Neighbourhood Policy. (80) . which shall assist movement of people. regular meetings on four thematic platforms. to solve jointly the current regional problems and issues for supporting stability and security in the region. 7 One more point that the Eastern Partnership envisages concluding gradually new agreements with all the Partner States. 6 Martyniuk Vitalii.

which has declared by its foreign policy the strategic goal for becoming the EU Member. it goes about Ukraine. Evaluation of Perspectives for Implementing the Eastern Partnership Initiative Ever since the launch of the Eastern Partnership in Prague in May 2009. Others take the opposite stance and argue that the Eastern Partnership does not present a qualitatively new situation in the EU´s relations with its neighborhood and that the ENP remains the main vehicle for EU´s neighborhood policy. there has always been a one group of countries which have never put up with the official position of the European Commission that the European Neighborhood Policy is in no way connected to the possibility of future enlargement. Among EU member states. From the other hand the Eastern Partnership has become an opportunity for the Partner States to fix the planned and the new perspectives for integration into the EU within the new regulatory and legal frames. in the direction of overcoming the acute social and economic differences among these countries. and strengthens cooperation in climate and environmental protection. For example Ukraine didn`t evaluate point missing membership perspective. its added value to the European Neighborhood Policy has been hotly discussed. The Eastern Partnership is a product of a double dissatisfaction. The second dissatisfaction exists among the Eastern partners. Some analysts claim that the Eastern Partnership has been so successful that it has virtually eclipsed the ENP and that the Eastern Partnership arrival heralds a final farewell to a unified approach to Eastern and Southern neighbor countries. The Eastern Partnership shall facilitate the development of programs aimed at the social and economic developmentof the Partner States. in particular. . 8 The Eastern Partnership pays much attention to the issues of energy security in the partner states and in the EU. Firstly.

Georgia and Moldova. . as their integral parts. Rather than signing and initialing. we should to describe all positive results during last year’s. have been negotiated with Ukraine. Despite the EU's recent setbacks with respect to Ukraine and Armenia. Georgia and Armenia.lt/en/ . So the turn of events brings to light two features of existing EU policy: the relative weakness of EU incentives and the continuing problems for countries in the post-Soviet space to evade Russia's influence. Georgia similarly remains committed to Euro-Atlantic integration even as its new government attempts to gradually relax relations with Russia. So Over the first four years of its implementation. In the way to evaluate the perspectives for implementing the Eastern Partnership Initiative. considerable progress has been made in the area of visa facilitation and liberalization: 5 out of 6 partners already have or will soon have Visa Facilitation Agreements. the Republic of Moldova. it can claim several successes from its Eastern Partnership initiatives. Association Agreements.eu2013. full and effective implementation of which will bring these countries straight to the visa free travels with the EU.7 At the same time. prepared specifically to them. For example. http://www. including Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Areas. By signing an Association Agreement with Ukraine and initialing similar agreements with Armenia. Accessed December 2. 9 In any case. the current situation is not at all conducive to a quick integration of the some partner countries in the EU especially after the third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius. good progress has also been achieved in respective negotiations with Azerbaijan. . Ukraine and Armenia rejected an Association Agreement with the EU. Moldova's pro- European governing coalition has adopted a number of reforms in compliance with EU demands since 2009. 3 of them now have Visa Liberalization Actions Plans. 2013. Eastern Partnership initiative has brought a number of tangible results: . the EU was expecting to demonstrate the first tangible results of its policy toward its eastern neighbors. Also on the sidelines of 7 “The third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius”. the multilateral cooperation dimension has been established and further strengthened. . the Eastern Partnership must not replace the perspective for gaining the EU membership. .

the dispute about the flights between Azerbaijan and northern Cyprus caused an interruption in EU negotiations with all three of the Caucasian countries. First and foremost. Today's signing is just the first step in a ratification process for the EU association agreements that could take a year. This happened actually because of two reasons. demonstrated a sincere interest in an Association Agreement with the EU and negotiated its terms for three years. the region is plagued by strong inter-state rivalries. Besides the Russian Federation does not seek any formal involvement in the Eastern Partnership framework and in this region Russia strives to lead the integration processes itself. First. virtually all partner countries suffer from serious domestic political problems. Relationship with Russia Russia considers any initiative in the post-Soviet area as an obstacle for strengthening its own influence and protection of national interests. Armenia. Accessed 29 november 2013. “The Vilnius Summit: Russia puts a stick in the European wheel”. Secondly. some states have nourished an even deeper mistrust of other partner countries because of the still unresolved frozen conflicts (Armenia and Azerbaijan). Russia does not regard itself as an owner or a stakeholder of the Eastern 8 Dominik Tolksdorf. Georgia and Moldova initialed association agreements with the European Union at a summit in Vilnius dedicated to the European Union's ‘Eastern Partnership' countries – post-soviet states. most partner countries have seriously suffered from the Russian pressure before and after the third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius. Needless to say.org/2013/11/vilnius-summit-russia-puts-stick-in- european-wheel/ . http://www. having not been involved in the process of designing it. the European Union and Azerbaijan signed an agreement to facilitate the procedures for issuing short-stay visas. Thirdly.europeangeostrategy.8 So only two countries. traditionally one of Russia's closest allies and heavily dependent on Russian for economic and military security. For instance. 10 the summit.

fes. For example Ukraine the end of this year has brought new arrangements about new credits between Kyiv and Moscow instead of the signature of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU. and the Eastern Partnership countries remains on the agenda.pdf . For Russia. the issue of appropriate cooperation between Russia. Russia has also expressed concerns that the EU is putting undue pressure on Belarus. Russia also proposes concrete steps to settle down problems of those countries – from providing privileged credits to settling down the conflicts. “Eastern partnership from the Russian Perspective”. http://library.9 Russia cannot stay away of the processes. but is going to run contrary to the interests of Russia (and that of the relevant countries). seeing it as an attempt to expand the European Union's “sphere of influence”. after some initial consultations at the early stages of the European Neighborhood Policy development. Belarus matters for the EU for at least two reasons: as a transit country for Russian gas. but also as a military ally and a link to Kaliningrad. and as a non-compliant and hence threat-bearing neighbor. However. Many Partner States (especially from Southern Caucasus) feel more influence and presence of Russia than the EU. Second. 9 Andrei Zagorski.de/ pdf-files/ipg/2011-3/05_zagorski. Russia learned that its leverage over the practical implementation of the European Neighborhood Policy / Eastern Partnership was small and not appreciated by a number of the Eastern Partnership countries. As a result. Accessed 5 may 2011. Russia has voiced concerns over the Eastern Partnership. That’s why Moscow is generally skeptical towards the idea of multilateralism suggested by the EU. a Russian strategic enclave. Belarus is of strategic importance. which shall be developing within the Eastern Partnership. not only as a transit (and cheap) territory for passing its goods to Europe. the EU. Moscow distanced itself from any practical work on the Eastern Partnership and remained hesitant even as regards the possibility of accepting eventual invitations to participate in the work of the thematic tables on a case-by-case basis. 11 Partnership. Moscow proceeds on the basis of understanding that any attempt to organize a regional group which excludes the Russian Federation is not only doomed to failure.

sector cooperation and the far reaching liberalization of Moldova's trade with the EU. 2011. It focuses on support for core reforms. http://eastbook. the EU is committed to sharing what exactly it contains. but currently encounters problems of the internal political non-stability. So we could see that the main goal for Moldova in the Eastern Partnership is s full integration. embassies and parliaments of the EU member countries a special non-paper document in which they proposed the development direction for the Eastern Partnership.eu/en/2011/07/country-en/moldova-en/moldova-what-the-eastern-partnership-should-be/ . In May 2011. The initialing of the Agreement is an important step towards its eventual signature and subsequent implementation. Although the Association Agreement has not yet been signed. The EU plans to sign an Association Agreement with Moldova and Georgia until 10 Horbowski Tomasz. The first and most fundamental demand made by the Moldovan authorities is a clear declaration of EU membership perspective for the countries which are capable of fulfilling the accession criteria. 12 Problems of Eastern enlargement (analysis by country) Case of Moldova Moldova officially declares about the integration into the EU and further development and strengthening of cooperation with the EU. which may retard the European integration processes in the country. The Association Agreement could be concrete way to take advantage of the very positive dynamics in EU-Moldova relations. the EU - Moldova Association Agreement was initialed. 10 European integration for Moldova in all its aspects – from the fundamental values to the most detailed Union directives and regulations – should be the foundation stone and the ultimate objective of every single action undertaken within the framework of the two dimensions of the Eastern Partnership. “Moldova What should the Eastern Partnership be?” Accessed 19 july. governance. The next step was made during the 29 November Eastern Partnership Summit. Moldovan authorities sent to the ministries. economic recovery.

the EU has decided to meet these countries. Accessed 18 september. Half-hearted engagement with wider public by Armenian government and EU alike now compounded by major setback to European integration.eu/top_stories/2013/291113_eu_moldova_association_agreement_en. Armenian president Serzh Sargsyan made an abrupt turn. a foreign policy instrument of the EU designed for the countries it borders. CACI Analyst. 2013.europa.html . to gradual economic integration and deepening of political cooperation. “Armenia Chooses Customs Union over EU Association Agreement”.htm 12 Armen Grigoryan. http://www. The European Union is seeking an increasingly close relationship with Ukraine.org/publications/analytical- articles/item/12817-armenia-chooses-customs-union-over-eu-association-agreement. 11“Initialling of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement” last modified March 11. and also it is interested in settling the problem of Nagorny Karabakh and stabilization of situation in the region. going beyond cooperation. 2013. Belarus. Ukraine is said to be a priority partner within the Eastern partnership. But as we known after nearly four years of negotiating the Association Agreement with the EU. since most of the population seeks cooperation with Europe Case of Armenia Armenia also counts on receiving investments and financial assistance from the EU.eeas. 13 august next year.cacianalyst. http://www. This was said the head of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy during the summit in Vilnus. After that association agreement stopped in its tracks. and Kazakhstan. announcing his intention to instead join the Customs Union with Russia.12 Case of Ukraine Relations between Ukraine and the European Union are currently shaped via the Eastern partnership.11 According to him. It could result in Armenia’s deeper isolation and cause additional complications for the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict resolution process.

Europe Visions 4. European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso and EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the European Commission Catherine Ashton have said they believe that the Ukrainian authorities should immediately stop the selective prosecution of political opponents in order to sign signing and ratify the association agreement and the agreement on the creation of a deep and comprehensive free trade area. But european leaders have stated that these agreements will not be ratified unless Ukraine addresses concerns over a "stark deterioration of democracy and the rule of law". President of the European Commission José Manuel Barroso reiterated that EU's offer to Ukraine in terms of signing an Association Agreement remained on the table until Ukraine will be ready to continue cooperation. 14 Without a doubt Ukraine occupies an exceptional status within the group of EU neighbours and moreover. cherishes its status as “more than just a neighbour. 2009). ongoing protests in Ukraine that continues now. On November 21st. .” Already in 1999 the EU developed a Common Strategy towards Ukraine which acknowledged Ukraine’s “European aspirations and pro-European choice” and is now on the cusp of finalising an Association Agreement (which may serve as a model for further AAs with EaP countries). 3. (Bruxelles: IFRI. But after intense pressure from Russia. 13 Longhurst Kerry. The EU has endeavoured to support good governance and democracy in Ukraine. Ukraine supports the Eastern partnership. the EU signed deals on free trade and political association with Ukraine. The decision to put off signing the association agreement lead to massive. but results have been mixed. especially since the revolution. including the imprisonment of political prisoners.13 In 2012. Nies Susanne. However. the Ukrainian Presidents abandoned negotiations with the EU before the Summit took place and after Summit. one week before the European Union summit in Vilnius ukrainian government suspended talks with the EU. but crucially does not accept it as an alternative to membership. “Recasting relations with the neighbours – prospects for the Eastern Partnership”.

and a question about association receded for some time. www. Case of Georgia Georgia and the European Union have maintained relations since 1996. In 2006 was implemented five year`s "Action Plan" of action in the context of the European Neighbourhood Policy. 3 december .ceps. Any compromise with the protesters would have to revive the Association Agreement and reduce Russia’s influence.e. A ceremony on the initialling of the Association Agreement was held at the Eastern Partnership summit on 29 November 2013. Belarus and Kazakhstan.eu/ceps/dld/8693/pdf . “A post-mortem of the Vilnius Summit: Not yet a ‘Thessaloniki moment’ for the Eastern Partnership”. 2013. A second agreement. The public anger and mass protests against Russia’s role in persuading Yanukovich not to sign the Association Agreement with the EU has made it all but impossible for the Ukrainian President to take the alternative route offered by the Kremlin. governing the country's involvement in European Union crisis management operations. 14 Now in Ukraine very difficult political situation because of protests. In June 2012. but must still be signed before being finalized. However. 15 The EU’s offer of the Association Agreement remains on the table for Ukraine. was also signed. the European Union and Georgia began a visa liberalisation dialogue to allow for visa free travel of Georgian citizens to the European Union. in February 2013 Fule warned Ukraine that the agreements could be abandoned if the required reforms are not made quickly so it’s possible that in the next years Association Agreement will be sign. 14 Steven Blockmans and Hrant Kostanyan. Joining the customs union with Russia. i.

Georgia declares an intention to integrate into the EU in all spheres.php?id=25175 16 “Azerbaijan: country strategy paper (2007-2013)”. and new tensions in the breakaway republics of Transnistria.civil. more trade sanctions could be employed by Russia. going beyond past levels of cooperation to gradual economic integration and deeper political cooperation. Visa Liberalization Talks. Abkhazia and South Ossetia may lead to a worsening of the security situation after the winter Olympics in Sochi.ge/eng/article. Case of Azerbaijan The EU and Azerbaijan maintain their relations under the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement. supporting the role of the country as the principal transit state of energy resources from Caspian and Central Asia to Europe. The action plan was delivered to Georgia on 25 February 2013. . Georgia Making 'Good Progress' in Association Agreement”. The principal objective of cooperation between the EU and Azerbaijan is to develop an increasingly close relationship. 26 October 2006. 2012. despite the likelihood that they will come under more aggressive pressure from Russia in the coming months. “EU. stabilization of situation in the country and in the region. The threat of stricter Russian immigration policy could see thousands of Moldovans and Georgians expelled. 4. In recent years Azerbaijan has been slowly pursuing the reform strategy to develop democracy and a market economy in the country and to bring Azerbaijan closer to the EU. but primarily it shall pay attention to the most important problems for it:  settling the issue of Southern Ossetia and Abkhazia. preserving the territorial integrity.16 15 Civil Georgia. 16 The talks aimed to have a Visa Liberalisation Action Plan in place by the end of the year. which was signed in 1996 and came into force in 1999. 3 september.15 Georgia may move in that direction. Brussels: European neighborhood and partnership instrument. http://www.

after being passed by the Azerbaijani government and the European Commission. Although the Eastern Partnership does not change the overwhelmingly bilateral nature of the policy. including regular meetings on 17 . partial integration of the Azerbaijani economy into Europe’s. is being challenged by poor understanding of European standards and values. The Eastern Partnership is a project of eastern enlargement. 2006. In addition. Conclusion At this stage of relationship EU and state-partners we could see that eastern enlargement of European Union exist in few angles. The lack of understanding and involvement of independent experts and civil society representatives renders the reflection of civil society views in the process of European integration. and the action plan for Azerbaijan was adopted on November 14. limited public awareness on EU-Azerbaijan relations and EU institutions undermines sustained engagement of civil society in the country’s development. 17 This process of Azerbaijan’s integration with Europe. and some of them have a perspective to become a member of european comunity. that finally formalises the ever more palpable regionalisation of the European Neighbourhood Policy. Azerbaijan joined the European Neighbourhood Policy in 2004. it adds a strong multilateral element. While the basic operational structure. So Azerbaijan and the European Union signed an agreement on visa regime facilitation at the third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius on November 29. Azerbaijan and the EU launched official negotiations on visa facilitation in March 2012 in Baku. Key items included on the plan are investment in Azerbaijan’s infrastructure. and partnerships with Azerbaijan on extracting oil from the Azerbaijani controlled part of the Caspian Sea. however.17 The next step was made during the third Eastern Partnership Vilnus summit. Continue cooperation in many areas with all partners.

de/ pdf-files/ipg/2011-3/05_zagorski.html “Azerbaijan: country strategy paper (2007-2013)”.php?id=25175 Dominik Tolksdorf. Georgia Making Good Progress in Association Agreement”. and in particular the success of its multilateral framework.cacianalyst. 4. “Eastern partnership from the Russian Perspective”. http://www. thus motivating them strongly to pursue a path to reforms. On the other hand. Bibliography Andrei Zagorski. 18 all levels.civil. http://library. Accessed 5 may 2011. the project´s future success is not guaranteed. All in all. “The Vilnius Summit: Russia puts a stick in the European wheel”. there are few basic criteria upon which we can judge the success of the Eastern Partnership. the ongoing political support of the Eastern Partnership by both the European Union and the partner countries. Brussels: European neighborhood and partnership instrument.pdf Armen Grigoryan. the Eastern Partnership is certainly more attractive and offers more incentives than the European Neighbourhood Policy. Georgia. Civil Georgia.org/2013/11/vilnius- summit-russia-puts-stick-in-european-wheel/ .org/publications/ analytical-articles/item/12817-armenia-chooses-customs-union-over-eu-association- agreement. Integration as well as the multiplicity of interests inside the European Union. the European Union and its member states should not miss another opportunity to fully embrace the Eastern partners’ European choice and the future accession of Armenia.europeangeostrategy. CACI Analyst. Accessed 29 november 2013. this will be no easy task. “Armenia Chooses Customs Union over EU Association Agreement”. For all the reasons mentioned above. Azerbaijan. http://www. Accessed 18 september. 26 October 2006. The first and most important is the question of continuity. Visa Liberalization Talks. 3 september. 2012. is sound and the flagship initiatives are well chosen. Given the difficulties in those partner countries that are most enthusiastic about European Union. http://www. 2013. Moldova and Ukraine to the EU. “EU.ge/eng/article.fes. Belarus.

19 Easternpartnership. http://eastbook.org/content/eastern-partnership-glance “Initialling of the EU-Republic of Moldova Association Agreement” last modified March 11. 2013. Europe Visions 4.europa. Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research (2009): 12-80. 2013. “The European Union`s eastern partnership chanses and perspectives”. Martyniuk Vitalii. “EU's Eastern Partnership: additional possibilities for European Integration of Ukraine”. 3 december. http://www.eeas. http://www.” European Economic Review 39 (1995): 473-489. Marcin Lapczynski. “What is the Eastern Partnership?” Accessed January 23.lt/en/ .eastern partnership. 2011. 2014. 2013. Accessed December 2. “The Eastern enlargement of the European Union. Baldwin. 3-46. (Bruxelles: IFRI.ceps. Journal of Common Market Studies (2006): 2-38.eu/ceps/dld/8693/pdf “The third Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius”. www. “New wine in old wineskins: police adaptation the European neighborhood police”. “Moldova What should the Eastern Partnership be?” Accessed 19 july.eu/top_stories/2013/291113 Horbowski Tomasz.eu2013. Richard E.eu/en/2011/07/country-en/moldova-en/moldova-what-the-eastern- partnership-should-be/ Kelley Judith. Cuacasian review of international affairs 3 (2009): 144-155. Nies Susanne. 2009). “Recasting relations with the neighbours – prospects for the Eastern Partnership”. http://www. Longhurst Kerry. Steven Blockmans and Hrant Kostanyan. “A post-mortem of the Vilnius Summit: Not yet a Thessaloniki moment for the Eastern Partnership”.