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5-V Low-Drop Fixed Voltage Regulator TLE 4271-2

Features
• Output voltage tolerance ≤ ± 2%
• Low-drop voltage
• Integrated overtemperature protection
• Reverse polarity protection
• Input voltage up to 42 V P-TO220-7-11
• Overvoltage protection up to 65 V (≤ 400 ms)
• Short-circuit proof
• Suitable for use in automotive electronics
• Wide temperature range
• Adjustable reset and watchdog time

Type Ordering Code Package
TLE 4271-2 Q67000-A9446 P-TO220-7-11
P-TO263-7-1
TLE 4271-2 S Q67000-A9448 P-TO220-7-12
TLE 4271-2 G Q67006-A9447 P-TO263-7-1

Functional Description
The TLE 4271-2 is functional and electrical identical to
the TLE 4271.
The device is a 5-V low-drop fixed-voltage regulator.
The maximum input voltage is 42 V (65 V, ≤ 400 ms). P-TO220-7-12
Up to an input voltage of 26 V and for an output current
up to 550 mA it regulates the output voltage within a
2 % accuracy. The short circuit protection limits the output current of more than 650 mA.
The IC can be switched off via the inhibit input. An integrated watchdog monitors the
connected controller. The device incorporates overvoltage protection and temperature
protection that disables the circuit at overtemperature.

Data Sheet Rev. 2.4 1 2001-04-04

TLE 4271-2

P-TO220-7-11 P-TO220-7-12 P-TO263-7-1

1 7

Ι RO D Q
1 7 1 7 INH GND WI
AEP01938

Ι RO D Q Ι RO D Q
INH GND WI INH GND WI
AEP01939 AEP02017

Figure 1 Pin Configuration (top view)

Pin Definitions and Functions
Pin Symbol Function
1 I Input; block to ground directly on the IC with ceramic capacitor.
2 INH Inhibit
3 RO Reset Output; the open collector output is connected to the 5 V output
via an integrated resistor of 30 kΩ.
4 GND Ground
5 D Reset Delay; connect a capacitor to ground for delay time adjustment.
6 WI Watchdog Input
7 Q 5-V Output; block to ground with 22 µF capacitor, ESR < 3 Ω.

Data Sheet Rev. 2.4 2 2001-04-04

then reset output RO will be set to low and CD will be charged again with the current IDWC until VD reaches VUD and reset will be set high again. the watchdog circuit is enabled and discharges CD with the constant current IDWD. When the voltage on the delay capacitor has reached VUD and reset was set to high. to a voltage that is proportional to the output voltage and drives the base of a series transistor via a buffer. After VD has reached VUD. which is kept highly accurate by resistance adjustment. TLE 4271-2 Circuit Description The control amplifier compares a reference voltage. Saturation control as a function of the load current prevents any over-saturation of the power element. the periodical behavior starts again. The delay capacitor CD is charged with the current ID for output voltages greater than the reset threshold VRT. The reset output RO is in high-state if the voltage on the delay capacitor CD is greater or equal VUD. If there is no rising edge observed at the watchdog input.4 3 2001-04-04 . CD will be discharge down to VLDW. If the watchdog pulse (rising edge at watchdog input WI) occurs during the discharge period CD is charged again and the reset output stays high. The time for the delay capacitor charge from VUD to VLD is the reset delay time tD. Internal protection circuits protect the IC against: • Overload • Overvoltage • Overtemperature • Reverse polarity Data Sheet Rev. 2. If the output voltage gets lower than VRT (’reset condition’) a fast discharge of the delay capacitor CD sets in and as soon as VD gets lower than VLD the reset output RO is set to low-level.

2. TLE 4271-2 Temperature Saturation Control and Sensor Protection Circuit 1 7 Ι Q Control Amplifier Buffer 3 Adjustment Bandgap RO + Reference - Reset Generator 5 D 6 Watchdog WI 2 4 INH GND AEB01940 Figure 2 Block Diagram Data Sheet Rev.4 4 2001-04-04 .

TLE 4271-2 Absolute Maximum Ratings Tj = – 40 to 150 °C Parameter Symbol Limit Values Unit Notes min.3 42 V – Current IRO – – mA internally limited Reset Delay Voltage VD – 0.3 7 V – Current ID –5 5 mA – Watchdog Voltage VW – 0. 2. Input Voltage VI – 42 42 V – Voltage VI – 65 V t ≤ 400 ms Current II – – mA internally limited Inhibit Voltage VINH – 42 42 V – Voltage VINH – 65 V t ≤ 400 ms Current IINH – – mA internally limited Reset Output Voltage VRO – 0.4 5 2001-04-04 . max.3 7 V – Current IW –5 5 mA – Output Voltage VQ – 1.0 16 V – Current IQ –5 – mA internally limited Ground Current IGND – 0.5 – A – Temperatures Junction temperature Tj – 150 °C – Storage temperature Tstg – 50 150 °C – Data Sheet Rev.

TLE 4271-2 Operating Range Parameter Symbol Limit Values Unit Notes min. max. Input voltage VI 6 40 V – Junction temperature Tj – 40 150 °C – Thermal Resistance Junction ambient Rthja – 65 K/W – 70 K/W P-TO263 Junction case Rthjc – 3 K/W – Zthjc – 2 K/W t < 1 ms Data Sheet Rev. 2.4 6 2001-04-04 .

5 V. Output current IQmax 650 800 – mA VQ = 0 V limiting Current Iq – – 6 µA VINH = 0 V.10 V 26 V ≤ VI ≤ 36 V. VI = 6 V Supply voltage ∆VQ – 12 25 mV VI = 6 to 26 V regulation IQ = 5 mA Power supply PSRR – 54 – dB fr = 100 Hz. TLE 4271-2 Characteristics VI = 13. VI = 5 V consumption Iq = II – IQ Drop voltage Vdr – 350 700 mV IQ = 550 mA1) Load regulation ∆VQ – 25 50 mV IQ = 5 to 550 mA. Ripple rejection Vr = 0.5 mA IQ = 5 mA consumption Iq = II – IQ Current Iq – 55 75 mA IQ = 550 mA consumption Iq = II – IQ Current Iq – 70 90 mA IQ = 550 mA.10 V 5 mA ≤ IQ ≤ 550 mA.5 V input) Data Sheet Rev.INH (unless otherwise specified) Parameter Symbol Limit Values Unit Test Condition min.90 5. – 40 °C ≤ Tj = ≤ 125 °C.5 VPP 1) Drop voltage = VI – VQ (measured when the output voltage has dropped 100 mV from the nominal value obtained at 13. IQ = 0 mA consumption Iq = II Current Iq – 1 1. IQ = 0 mA consumption Iq = II Current Iq – 800 – µA VINH = 5 V.4 7 2001-04-04 . 2. 6 V ≤ VI ≤ 26 V Output voltage VQ 4. Output voltage VQ 4. max.00 5. VINH > VU.00 5. IQ ≤ 300 mA.90 5. typ.

4 8 2001-04-04 . max.SAT – 200 400 mV IR = 3 mA1).3 V – threshold Delay time tD 8 13 18 ms CD = 100 nF Reset reaction time tRR – – 3 µs CD = 100 nF Overvoltage Protection Turn-off voltage VI.3 V VQ = low (< 0. typ.4 V Reset pull-up R 18 30 46 KΩ internally connected to Q Lower reset timing VLD 0.8 V – Reset high voltage VROH 4.4 1.5 V VQ = high (> 4. Data Sheet Rev. 2.5 V) Turn-off voltage VL.65 4.0 2.3 3.8 2.0 3.8 V) Inhibit current IINH 8 12 25 µA VINH = 5 V 1) Test condition not applicable during delay time for power-on reset.0 V Upper timing VUD 1. VINH > VU. ov 40 44 46 V – Inhibit Turn-on voltage VU.INH 0. Reset Generator Switching threshold VRT 4. TLE 4271-2 Characteristics (cont’d) VI = 13.5 V Saturation voltage VRO.5 4.INH 1. 1.5 V.8 1.SAT – 60 – mV Rintern = 30 kΩ.2 0. – 40 °C ≤ Tj = ≤ 125 °C.0 V ≤ VQ ≤ 4.45 0. VQ = 4.INH (unless otherwise specified) Parameter Symbol Limit Values Unit Test Condition min.5 – – V – Saturation voltage VRO.8 V VQ < VRT threshold Charge current ID 8 14 25 µA VD = 1.

7 3. Watchdog Upper watchdog VUDW 1. TLE 4271-2 Characteristics (cont’d) VI = 13. typ.5 µA VD = 1 V Charge current IDWC 8 14 25 µA VD = 1 V Watchdog period tWD.5 V.P 40 55 80 ms CD = 100 nF Watchdog trigger tWI. VINH > VU.4 9 2001-04-04 . max.4 1.45 0.8 2.tr 30 45 66 ms CD = 100 nF time see diagram Watchdog pulse VWI 5 – – V/µs from 20% to 80% VQ slew rate Data Sheet Rev.2 0. – 40 °C ≤ Tj = ≤ 125 °C.8 V – switching threshold Discharge current IDWD 1.5 2.3 V – switching threshold Lower watchdog VLDW 0. 2.INH (unless otherwise specified) Parameter Symbol Limit Values Unit Test Condition min.

TLE 4271-2 ΙΙ 1 7 ΙQ 1000 µF 470 nF 22 µF TLE 4271-2 2 Ι 3 RO VΙ VQ 5 6 4 V INH ΙD Ι GND V RO VD CD V WI AES01941 Figure 3 Test Circuit 1 7 Input 5 V-Output 470 nF Input 2 e. KL 15 TLE 4271-2 22 µF Reset 3 5 to MC 4 6 100 nF Watchdog Signal from MC AES01942 Figure 4 Circuit Data Sheet Rev.g.4 10 2001-04-04 . 2.

the reset output is set to low. If the voltage on this capacitor drops below VDRL. Reset Timing The power-on reset delay time is defined by the charging time of an external capacitor Cd which can be calculated as follows: tD = CD∗∆V/ID Definitions: CD = delay capacitor tD = reset delay time ID = charge current. i. typical 1. reset output is set low. typical 14 µA ∆V = VUD. Stability is guaranteed at values of CQ ≥ 22 µF and an ESR of < 3 Ω. A reset signal is generated for an output voltage of VQ < 4.0 V. CD will be charged with constant current. Reset Circuitry If the output voltage decreases below 4. The delay for power-on reset and the maximum permitted watchdog-pulse period can be set externally with a capacitor. Design Notes for External Components An input capacitor CI is necessary for compensation of line influences. which causes the quiescent current to drop below 50 µA. If there is no positive-going edge at the watchdog input within a fixed time. Overvoltage protection limits operation at 42 V. 2. The watchdog circuit monitors a connected controller. The value of the power-on-reset time can be set within a wide range depending of the capacitance of CD. Up to 26 V it produces a regulated output current of more than 550 mA. a reset signal is generated on pin RO. Above 26 V the save- operating-area protection allows operation up to 36 V with a regulated output current of more than 300 mA. After the power-on- reset time the voltage on the capacitor reaches VDU and the reset output will be set high again. If the output voltage rises above the reset threshold.5 V. The IC can be switched off via the inhibit input. An output capacitor CQ is necessary for the stability of the regulating circuit.5 V.8 V VUD = upper delay timing threshold at CD for reset delay time Data Sheet Rev. an external capacitor CD on pin D will be discharged by the reset generator.e. 1 Ω in series with CI.4 11 2001-04-04 . The overvoltage protection hysteresis restores operation if the input voltage has dropped below 36 V. TLE 4271-2 Application Description The IC regulates an input voltage in the range of 6 V < VI < 40 V to VQnom = 5. The resonant circuit consisting of lead inductance and input capacitance can be damped by a resistor of approx.

SAT t Power on Thermal Voltage Drop Undervoltage Secondary Load Shutdown Reset Shutdown at Input at Output Spike Bounce AET01985 Figure 5 Time Response Data Sheet Rev. INH < t RR t VQ VRT t RR t VD dV Ι D = dt C D VUD VLD VD. TLE 4271-2 The reset reaction time trr is the time it takes the voltage regulator to set the reset out LOW after the output voltage has dropped below the reset threshold. 2. It is typically 1 µs for delay capacitor of 47 nF. For other values for Cd the reaction time can be estimated using the following equation: tRR ≈ 20 s/F × Cd VΙ VINH t VU. INH VL. SAT t VRO tD VRO.4 12 2001-04-04 .

Watchdog Behavior Data Sheet Rev.4 13 2001-04-04 . 2.VLDW ) (V UDW . L = CD Ι DWD ΙDWC . P VD VUDW VLDW VR t WD. P = C .VLDW ) (Ι DWC + Ι DWD ) (V UDW . t WD.Ι DWD D Ι DWC AES03078 Figure 6 Time Response. t WD. L (V UDW .VLDW ) t WΙ. tr t WD. TLE 4271-2 Watchdog Timing V WΙ VΙ VQ t WΙ. tr = C D .

6 0 -40 0 40 80 120 ˚C 160 0 2 4 6 8 V 10 Tj VΙ Data Sheet Rev. TLE 4271-2 Typical Performance Characteristics Output Voltage VQ versus Output Voltage VQ versus Temperature Tj Input Voltage VI (VINH = VI) AED01928 AED01929 5.2 12 V VQ V VQ 5.1 10 VI = 13.0 8 4.4 14 2001-04-04 .8 4 4.7 2 4. 2.9 6 R L = 25 Ω 4.5 V 5.

2.5 V 30 2 VΙ = 13.5 V 20 1 10 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 mA 120 0 100 200 300 400 mA 600 ΙQ ΙQ Data Sheet Rev.6 25 ˚C 400 0.4 15 2001-04-04 .0 800 0.8 T j = 125 ˚C 600 0.2 0 0 -40 0 40 80 120 ˚C 160 0 10 20 30 40 V 50 Tj VI Current Consumption Iq Current Consumption Iq versus Output Current IQ versus Output Current IQ AED03076 AED03077 6 80 mA Ιq mA Ιq 70 5 60 4 50 3 40 VΙ = 13. TLE 4271-2 Output Current Limit IQ versus Output Current IQ versus Temperature Tj Input Voltage VI AED01930 AED01931 1200 1.4 200 0.2 mA IQ A I Q max 1000 1.

TLE 4271-2 Current Consumption Iq Drop Voltage Vdr versus versus Input Voltage VI Output Current IQ AED01934 AED02755 120 800 Iq mA mV V Dr 700 100 600 80 500 R L = 10 Ω T j = 125 C 60 400 300 40 R L = 20 Ω 200 T j = 25 C 50 Ω 20 100 0 0 0 10 20 30 40 V 50 0 200 400 600 mA 1000 VI ΙQ Inhibit Current IINH Output Voltage VQ versus Inhibit Voltage VINH versus Inhibit Voltage VINH AED01944 AED01945 12 6 µA Ι INH.5 V T j = 25 C 4 2 2 1 Ι INH. on T j = 25 C 8 4 6 3 V Ι = 13.4 16 2001-04-04 . 2. high V Ι INH VQ 10 5 V Ι = 13. off 0 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 V 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 V 6 V INH V INH Data Sheet Rev.5 V Ι INH.

on 2 4 2 1 V INH.0 V UD .4 V V Ι = 13. off 0 0 -40 0 40 80 120 160 -40 0 40 80 120 C 160 Tj Tj Switching Voltage VUD and VLDW versus Temperature T AED01948 2. V UDW 1. 2. off Ι INH.4 17 2001-04-04 . TLE 4271-2 Inhibit Current Consumptions IINH Inhibit Voltages VINH versus Temperature T versus Temperature Tj AED01946 AED01947 14 6 µA Ι INH V INH V 12 5 Ι INH.2 0.8 0. on 3 6 V INH. high 10 4 8 Ι INH.4 V LDW 0 -40 0 40 80 120 C 160 Tj Data Sheet Rev.6 1.5 V V 2.

TLE 4271-2 Charge Current ID.4 18 2001-04-04 . IDWC and Discharge Watchdog Pulse Time Tw Current IDWD versus Temperature Tj versus Temperature Tj AED01949 AED01950 16 80 µA I D. 2.5 V V Ι = 13.5 V 8 VD = 1 V 40 C D = 100 nF 6 30 4 20 I DWD 2 10 0 0 -40 0 40 80 120 ˚C 160 -40 0 40 80 120 C 160 Tj Tj Data Sheet Rev. I DWC ms I T W 70 14 12 60 10 50 VI = 13.

3 All metal surfaces tin plated.1 0.25.25 ±0.4 ±0.15 17 ±0.7 -0.0.4 1) Typical Metal surface min.7 ±0. 2.2 ±0.4 6x 1.2 0.2 9. Dimensions in mm Data Sheet Rev. X=7.3 3.25 M A C 8.2 4.6 ±0.2 A 9.27 ±0.9 ±0.4 19 2001-04-04 . Y=12.3 1) 15...9 ±0. are contained in our Data Book “Package Information”.3 C 7x 0.95 3.3 2.27 3.3 10..15 2.5 ±0. TLE 4271-2 Package Outlines P-TO220-7-11 (Plastic Transistor Single Outline Package) 10 ±0.4 0.1 0.3 12.65 ±0. trays etc.05 1.1 0. except area of cut.4 1) 8.8 ±0.6 ±0.6 ±0. GPT09083 Sorts of Packing Package outlines for tubes.0.3 8.5 1..

.. Dimensions in mm Data Sheet Rev.5 C 0.95 3.8 ±0.6 ±0.9 ±0.2 4.4 6x 1. are contained in our Data Book “Package Information”.15 0.25 ±0.05 9..4 20 2001-04-04 . except area of cut.4 11±0. X=7. Y=12.5 1. TLE 4271-2 P-TO220-7-12 (Plastic Transistor Single Outline Package) 10 ±0.1 0.0.2 0.27 ±0.7 -0. trays etc.1 2.3 12.1 7x 0.5 13 ±0. GPT09084 Sorts of Packing Package outlines for tubes.25. 2.3 2.5 ±0.27 0.65 ±0..3 1) 15.15 17 ±0.3 All metal surfaces tin plated.4 1) 8.2 2.2 A B 9.0.25 M A B C 1) Typical Metal surface min.

1 (15) 2.6 ±0.2 1.2 0. X=7..7 ±0.1 B 1) Typical Metal surface min.0.3 7.4 21 2001-04-04 .1 0.27 ±0.4 10 ±0.7 ±0.05 1±0.5 1) 0. except area of cut. GPT09114 Sorts of Packing Package outlines for tubes.5 ±0.25 M A B 8˚ max.. SMD = Surface Mounted Device Dimensions in mm Data Sheet Rev.551) 2. TLE 4271-2 P-TO263-7-1 (Plastic Transistor Single Outline Package) 4.. trays etc.25 ±0.1 6x 1.3 4.1 0.27 0. Y=6..25.15 7x0. 0.0.3 A B 8. are contained in our Data Book “Package Information”. 2.5 0.4 9.9 All metal surfaces tin plated.

TLE 4271-2 Data Sheet Rev. 2.4 22 2001-04-04 .

D-81541 München. TLE 4271-2 Edition 2001-04-04 Published by Infineon Technologies AG. If they fail. including but not limited to warranties of non- infringement. St.4 23 2001-04-04 . Life support devices or sys- tems are intended to be implanted in the hu- man body. Information For further information on technology. 2. For in- formation on the types in question please contact your nearest Infineon Technologies Office. Infineon Technologies is an approved CECC manufacturer. All Rights Reserved. Terms of delivery and rights to technical change reserved. descriptions and charts stated herein. if a failure of such components can reasonably be expected to cause the fail- ure of that life-support device or system. Attention please! The information herein is given to describe certain components and shall not be consid- ered as warranted characteristics.-Martin-Strasse 53. Infineon Technologies Components may only be used in life-support devices or systems with the express written approval of Infineon Technologies. or to support and/or maintain and sustain and/or protect human life. We hereby disclaim any and all warranties. deliv- ery terms and conditions and prices please contact your nearest Infineon Technologies Office in Germany or our Infineon Technolo- gies Representatives worldwide (see ad- dress list). it is reasonable to assume that the health of the user or other persons may be endangered. Germany © Infineon Technologies AG 2001. regarding circuits. or to affect the safety or effectiveness of that de- vice or system. Data Sheet Rev. Warnings Due to technical requirements components may contain dangerous substances.

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