TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE

IN THE FIELD OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
VOLUME I

PREPARED BY

BENWARI CHARLES
B.ENG ELECTRICAL/COMPUTER ENGINEERING

PRESENTED TO

THE COUNCIL FOR THE REGULATION OF
ENGINEERING IN NIGERIA (COREN)

JANUARY, 2016

CERTIFICATION

This report was written and submitted to Council for the Regulation of Engineering in

partial fulfilment of the conditions for registration as a member of COREN.

............................................................

BENWARI .C

2
TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES

(ii)…………………… 3 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . the true practical experience of BENWARI . ATTESTATION I certify that the information as contained in this report is to the best of my knowledge.C NAME: (i)………………… (ii)…………………… DESIGNATION: (i) ………………… (ii)…………………… COREN NUMBER: (i) …………………. (ii)…………………… SIGNATURE: (i)…………………. (ii)…………………… DATE: (i)………………….

4 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . ABSTRACT This technical report presents in detail my post graduate years of experience in Electrical Engineering. For the seven years I have worked in both Utility Facilities and Oil & Gas Services in various capacities ranging from Power Plant Operator. “Volume I” presents my Technical Report on my professional experience over the years. and Electrical Design Engineer. Maintenance Engineer. “Volume II” presents my technical Report on my professional experience on Project Case Study – Shoreline Protection/ Jetty Design Project (FEED Design).

to him alone all glory. adoration and thanksgiving evermore. Engr. ability and knowledge for his grace and opportunity to be able to compile this report. Adewale.E. Engr. who have contributed to my life in one form or the other. Engr. Adesegun Adesewo and Mr. Also to my colleague to name a few Miss. (Amen) I wish to acknowledge the following people for their contribution towards the success of this project. Goodluck Aransiola. Ikechi Ezenobi. skills. For the following people who have been my bosses at one time or the other for their belief in giving chances as their subordinates to learn and succeed. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I am immeasurably thankful to God Almighty. Omolola Ogungbile. Mr. honour. the giver of life. 5 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Joan. God bless you all. Fergus Ogieva. my parent and siblings for their prayers and encouragement. O. To my dear wife. Temitayo Benwari. my daughter.

0 CONCLUSION 24 6. TABLE OF CONTENTS CERTIFICATION 2 ATTESTATION 3 ABSTRACT 4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 5 1.4 Industrial Experience 10 2.5 Electrical Design Experience 10 3.0 RECOMMENDATION 25 6 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES .3 Post Detailed Engineering/ Vendor Document Review (VDR) 23 5.3 Professional Certification 10 2.1 Bio Data 9 2.2 Coordination with other disciplines 21 4.1 Basic Engineering 22 4.0 BACKGROUND 9 2.0 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING IN CRESTECH ENGINEERING 17 3.2 Skills 9 2.0 PROJECT ENGINEERING 22 4.0 INTRODUCTION 7 2.1 Major Electrical Deliverables 18 3.2 Detailed Engineering 22 4.

0 INTRODUCTION Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity. Power System Analysis. I joined CresTech Engineering limited which is an engineering design and consulting company. UPS systems routine maintenance. The first practical experience that exposed me to the operations in electrical engineering was during my industrial experience at Egbin Thermal Station. also concerned with research. I discovered this during my course of study at The Federal University of Technology. manufacture. design. installation. servicing the oil and gas industries with great 7 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Electrical Machines. maintenance of alternator carbon brushes. I have work in both utilities and Oil & Gas consulting company in various capacities ranging from Electrical Engineer. Engineering in Society and Management among others exposed me to the basic theoretical aspect of engineering practices. Engineering law. and Power Plant Operator and Maintenance Engineer. development. station and service transformer schedule maintenance among others. plant and systems. operation. maintenance and management of equipment. Electrical Designer. electronics and electromagnetism. Workshop practice. CHAPTER ONE 1. Egbin during which I carried out repairs and installation of field instruments. Electrical Circuit theory. Courses such as Engineering Mathematics. Minna.

experience in onshore and offshore facilities design for multinationals such as Chevron. 8 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Shell. Front End Engineering Design (FEED) to Detailed Engineering Design. I have since worked on several projects ranging from Conceptual. I have also had the opportunity to interact and work with some of the best engineers available in the field of oil and gas engineering design during this period. Total and Exxon Mobil among others.

CHAPTER TWO 2.12 lighting design software.2 Skills  Proficient in the use of Microsoft Office. 9 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES .1 Bio Data Date of Birth: May 24th. Ajose Adeogun Street.  Proficient in the use of ETAP 12. IEEE and British Standards (BS)  Fully proactive in teamwork with commitment to deadlines. Lagos. 1980 Contact Address: 4/6 Ivie House.5  Proficient in the use of SKM PowerTools for Electrical Systems simulation.  Excellent in interpersonal relations.  Conversant with Engineering Design codes and standards like IEC.  Proficient in the use of Dialux 4. Gender: Male Contact Telephone: 0802-372-5720 Local Government: Nembe State of Origin: Bayelsa State Nationality: Nigeria 2.  Proficient in the use of Auto CAD drawing and drafting Tool. Victoria Island.0 BACKGROUND 2.

II. Repair and maintenance of field instruments.4 Industrial Experience Name of Establishment: Egbin Thermal Station. FEED Design) FEED Design for a shoreline protection/ berthing facility which would be used for the following purposes: I.5 Electrical Design Experience Company: CresTech Engineering Limited. Marine reception and handling facilities for equipment during the construction phase of the proposed Pipe Mill facility.Ikorodu Status: IT Trainee Period: 2003 -2004 Experience: Calibration and installation of field instruments like Transmitters. Switches and Control Valves. Project: Shoreline Protection/ Jetty Design Project (Conceptual Design. Marine reception and handling facilities for personnel and equipment during operation of the facility. Client: Shell Nigeria Exploration and Production Company (SNEPCo) 10 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Provide containment of the river and a barrier to erosion around the berthing facilities.2. Egbin.3 Professional Certification Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE) – 35138 2015 Certificate of Training Completion . 2. III.Pulse HSE Training for Engineers 2014 IEEE Membership 2013 ETAP Internal Training 2013 Engine W50DF Operation Intermediate Internal Course 2012 2.

Electrical cables and Lighting fixtures. 11 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Electrical cables and Lighting fixtures. Furnishing and Equipment fit-out of the buildings. Power Transformer.  Electrical Calculations – Cable Sizing. Project: Bonny Vocational Centre Expansion Project (Detailed Design) Detailed Engineering design for BVC facilities which comprises of Classroom/ Administrative Building. Reporting to Project Manager. Company: CresTech Engineering Limited. Distribution Boards. Distribution Boards. Main Equipment Sizing. Diesel Generator.  Electrical Drawings – Single Line Diagrams. Illumination Design Calculation (indoor/ outdoor). sewage treatment plant. Diesel Generator.Status: Electrical Designer/ Electrical Engineer Period: August 2014 – March 2015 Activities done/ participated: Preparation and checking of electrical deliverables such as:  Electrical Design Basis  Electrical Datasheets for Switchgear.Cable Schedule.  Electrical Specification for Switchgear. Load List. Power Transformer.  Electrical List . Layouts etc. Canteen Building. Material Take-Off (MTO). Workshop buildings.

Power Transformer.  Electrical Calculations – Cable Sizing. Load List. Distribution Boards. Perimeter lighting schedule. Layouts etc. Distribution Boards. Diesel Generator.Cable Schedule. 12 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Sizing of major Equipment. Client: Nigeria LNG Limited Status: Electrical Engineer Period: September 2013 – March 2014 Activities done/ participated: Preparation and checking of electrical deliverables such as:  Electrical Design Basis  Electrical Datasheets for Switchgear. Plant/ Generator building and the new gate house building. Electrical cables and Lighting fixtures. Diesel Generator.  Electrical Specification for Switchgear. Electrical cables and Lighting fixtures. This project is to expand the infrastructure facilities of the existing Bonny Vocation Centre (BVC) with the objective of increasing the BVC capacity to accommodate more trainees requiring technical skills whilst improving the quality of training offered. infrastructural works and upgrade of existing utilities.  Electrical List . renovation and upgrade of existing of administrative buildings. Material Take-Off (MTO). Illumination Design outdoor and Short Circuit. Power Transformer.  Electrical Drawings – Single Line Diagrams.

jumpers and steel catenary.Reporting to Project Manager Company: CresTech Engineering Limited. Storage and Offloading Vessel (FPSO) located in OML 133 in Nigerian waters (in water depth ranging from 1000 to 1200m) Client: Esso Exploration and Production Nigeria Limited Status: Electrical Engineer Period: July 2013 – December 2013 Activities done/ participated: Preparation of electrical deliverables such as: Preparation of electrical deliverables such as:  Electrical Equipment Specification  Electrical Datasheets  Electrical MTO  Electrical Calculation  Electrical Equipment Material Requisition  Electrical Installation Drawings Position: Electrical Design Engineer Reporting to Lead Electrical Engineer 13 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Topsides and Installation Detailed Engineering Design of new production lines and water injection lines of associated structures. The Erha North Phase 2 development is an extension of existing Erha subsea system and infrastructure which is currently producing to the existing Erha Floating Production. Project: Erha North Phase 2 Project – EPC2 – Tiebacks.

Client: Nigeria LNG Limited Status: Designer/ Electrical Engineer Period: November 2012 – September 2013 Activities done/ participated: Preparation and checking of electrical deliverables such as:  Cable Schedule  Electrical Equipment Specification  Electrical Datasheets  Electrical MTO  Electrical Calculation Notes  Electrical Layouts and drawings Reporting to Lead Electrical Design Engineer Company: CresTech Engineering Limited. Project: IA Workshop Refurbishment and External Building (FEED) Front End Engineering Design (FEED) for refurbishment of the old workshop aimed at providing optimal space utilization and facility services and construction of a new external building at Industrial Area (IA) in Bonny Island.Company: CresTech Engineering Limited. NLNG. Project: Enang JE Accelerated Gaslift Project (Detailed Design) Client: Mobil Producing Nigeria Unlimited Period: June 2012 – September 2012 Responsibilities: Preparation of electrical deliverables such as: 14 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES .

Position: Electrical/ Operations Engineer Period: 2009 – 2011 Activities done/ participated:  Gas turbine Power plant operation and maintenance. 15 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES .  Carried out 8000hrs schedule maintenance. Lagos. Lagos. Interconnection Diagram  Electrical Datasheets  Electrical Equipment Specification  Electrical MTO  Installation Detail Drawings  Equipment Layout  Cable Routing Layout Position: Electrical Engineer Reporting to Lead Electrical Design Engineer Company: Wartsila Marine & Power Services Limited. Position: Electrical Engineer Company: Negris Limited. calibration of pressure switches and transmitters. Period: 20011 – 2012 Activities done/ participated:  Carried out maintenance and operation of 100MW Power Plant and its auxiliaries.  Electrical fault rectification.

pressure/ temperature switches. Egbin. control valves e. Installation of electrical cables and equipment Company: Egbin thermal Station.c  Loop test and Fault Tracing Position: Instrumentation & Control Engineer 16 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES .Lagos State. testing and commissioning of field instruments.  Calibration of field instrument like pressure/ temperature transmitters. Status: Instrumentation/ Control Engineer Period: 2008 – 2009 Activities done/ participated:  Installation.t.

This is done from the equipment list generated and shall also include electrical consumers inside packages. building lighting and small power. specification of all equipment and materials and design of installation drawings. CHAPTER THREE 3. Heating Ventilation and Air-conditioning of buildings . Electrical engineering activities start with the identification of all loads (consumers).external lighting. The activities of the Electrical discipline can be categorized as follows: architecture (of the electrical power generation and distribution system). designs the facilities.0 ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING IN CRESTECH ENGINEERING CresTech Engineering Limited which is an engineering design and consulting company. 17 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . produces the list. Electrical engineering is in charge of design of plant electrical power generation and distribution. specifications and data sheets of all equipment and materials and issues all drawings required to erect them at construction for oil and gas. There are various stages of project involvement which include Proposal. CresTech consists of various engineering discipline. a member of Technip group. Conceptual design. such as a lube oil heater. Onshore and Offshore designs for multinationals such as Chevron. Shell and Total among others. Basic Design/ Front End Engineering Design (FEED) and Detailed Engineering Design. The company metamorphosed from Crestville to CresTech Engineering Limited as a result of successful merger with Technip Paris. etc.

which is applied to its absorbed load to work out the total power requirement. Intermittent – machines or consumers with a start-stop cycle: pumps. The estimate is then replaced by the actual power consumption once the equipment (make and model) has been selected. Certainly. they do not all operate simultaneously. Each type of load is assigned a diversity factor. as the equipment make and model is not known at the beginning of the project. 18 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . as continuous. This is now the sum of the power requirements of all consumers. Continuous – Loads of consumers which operate continuously when the plant is in operation.1 Major Electrical Deliverables Deliverables are the documents or drawings produced during engineering design. the total electrical power requirement of the plant can be evaluated. etc. Consumers are classified according to their frequency of operation. Equipment actual power consumption is not available initially.3. Spare – machines or consumers which act as a spare for other machines and which do not therefore operate when the plant is in full operation. intermittent or spare. external lighting. Below is the major electrical deliverables produced during the design of a project which I had been involved: Electrical Load List Electrical Load List contains all electrical consumers. A more refined approach is required to work out the realistic overall power demand. Electrical discipline estimates the power consumption initially. When the consumers are identified. except for breakdowns.

generators. etc. Electrical Datasheet The datasheet for the project is a piece of document containing the parameters needed by the equipment vendor or manufacturer to fabricate the equipment. incoming and interconnecting circuit breakers. Intermittent consumers. This is also used for the purpose of equipment installation. It also shows important equipment such as power transformers. are counted 10% only. are rated 100%. the main switchboard and the interconnections to the subsidiary switchboards. Spare consumers. such as offloading pumps working under start/ stop cycle for instance. vector group for each power transformer and identification names and unique ‘tag’ numbers of the main equipment. which are the normal running loads. transformer) allowing its sizing. Key (Overall) Single line Diagram At the beginning of a new project the electrical engineer will draft the key single-line diagram. such as pump B that operates only in case pump A does not. busbar section circuit breakers. which givens the total plant power demand and also the load on each electrical equipment(switchboard.g. utility intake. The key single line shows at least. 19 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . the various voltage levels. and connections to existing equipment if these are relevant and the main earthing arrangements.Continuous consumers. are rated 30%. The factored loads are summed up in the Electrical Load Summary. busbars. The key single-line diagram shows the sources of power e.

etc. lighting fixtures and junction boxes etc. the calculations will define the right settings of electrical protections. Selectivity means that. junction boxes. such as fire resistant. the protection of that motor only will open. earthing. no higher level protection will open leaving the other consumers unaffected. cable tag. location. Electrical Cable Schedule This shows the list of cables. This right setting ensures selectivity. Electrical Typical Installation Drawings These are drawings produced for installation and connection of electrical equipment at Site for power. Electrical Bulk Material Take-off This is prepared in order to purchase cables. section size. cable glands and all other small installation materials. 20 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . lighting.Electrical Calculations These are performed once all consumers and electrical equipment characteristics are known. field sockets. number of cores and length of each cable. etc. in case there is a short circuit on a motor. motor local control stations. and type.. all cables are sized. cable ladders. Electrical Equipment Location Drawings These are the drawings showing location of all electrical consumers: motor control stations.

generator control panels. AC and DC. For example: Process engineers need to inform the electrical engineers on matters relating to the production processes and supporting utilities. electrical engineer needs to identify areas of engineering and design where interfaces are necessary.3. pumps. Mechanical engineers need to advice and also give input to electrical engineer on power consumption data for rotating machines e. UPS requirements. and cranes. local and remote station.g. They will also advise on the input power options available for different types and models of prime movers of generator e. gas turbines. diesel engine.2 Coordination with other disciplines At the beginning of the project.g. Electrical engineer interface to get the information for interlocking and controls that affect motor control centres and switchboards. compressors. battery systems. fans. 21 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . power supplies for control systems. and gas engines Instrument engineers generally develop the operation and control philosophies for individual equipment and overall schemes.

Basic Engineering stops with the issue of the main deliverables defining the plant.0 PROJECT ENGINEERING Engineering of a facility is done in two different steps. 4. etc. the main equipment. also called turn-key contract. Electrical distribution diagrams and the Process Control system architecture drawing. CHAPTER FOUR 4. the overall plot plan. It consists of producing all deliverables necessary to purchase and erect all plant equipment. which is the Basic Engineering.2 Detailed Engineering This takes place during the actual project execution phase. It entails defining the process scheme. 4. the overall layout of the plant (Plot plant). These steps are always done in my company in which I am part of electrical team for execution. and an execution one. mainly the Piping and Instrumentation Diagrams. the specification of the main equipment. the architecture of systems. It therefore entails producing the specification and bill of quantities for all 22 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . conceptual phase.1 Basic Engineering The scope of Basic Engineering also called Front End Engineering Design (FEED) is to define the facility at a conceptual phase rather than a detailed level. Procurement and Construction (EPC). The Basic Engineering is usually done under an engineering services contract while detailed design is normally part of the Engineering. which is the Detailed Engineering.

It also entails producing all detailed installation drawings. 4. At this stage all discrepancies between what is designed and what can be fabricated are eliminated. A point of compromise is reached between the designer and the manufacturer (Vendor) while maintaining the acceptable engineering standard for all equipment. This project stage involves an interaction with the manufacturer of each component being designed.3 Post Detailed Engineering/ Vendor Document Review (VDR) The Post Detailed Engineering Design project stage is an interfacing stage between the design engineer and the fabricator/ manufacturer.equipment and materials. 23 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . Detailed Engineering integrates vendor information as purchasing of equipment actually takes place in this phase. The manufacturer’s specification and drawing for these equipment are reviewed by the design engineers to ensure that what is design is exactly what is manufactured.

Within the period. my exposure to the use of software helps me to clearly appreciate the wide field of engineering which would have been in abstract. I have widely used engineering codes and standards that are relevant to my field.0 CONCLUSION Within the last nine years of my graduation. CHAPTER FIVE 5. The experience has been worthwhile as it has the basic knowledge needed to be an engineer. 24 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . I have been exposed to engineering design in the field in the field of Electrical Engineering design area of oil and gas industry. It has also made me relevant to my generation by adding value to my generation in one form or the other both to the economy and the common man. and I have also undergone some training facilitated by both Nigeria based and foreign engineers. Also.

there is the need for government to increase the funding of engineering and engineering works in Nigeria. it will help Nigeria to domicile its home based engineers. In addition. The present Nigeria (local) content drive by the NNPC in the oil and gas industry would really yield fruitful result for Nigerian Engineers if genuinely implemented. 25 TECHNICAL REPORT ON PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE (VOLUME I)BY BENWARI CHARLES . CHAPTER SIX 6.0 RECOMMENDATION Gaining experience in an environment like ours in Nigeria where there is low growth in our engineering activities and low exposure to engineering practice has been a tasking one. The government should therefore give the good initiative the needed attention and resources it needs to strive. This is needed to fund research works and launch Nigeria made products to the outside world. The project will create employment opportunities for our young and determined engineers. It will be an avenue through which the current harsh environmental condition been presently experienced by Nigeria engineers will be eliminated. The reform programme of the present government in Nigeria is a good gesture that must be supported by all.