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Economics of freshwater pearl culture

1. Points to be considered:
2. Operational details

Economics of Freshwater Pearl Culture

Points to be considered:
 The following projections are based only on the experimental results obtained at CIFA.
 The design or image pearl is an old concept, however, the array of design pearls produced at
CIFA are having considerable fancy value in the context of huge imports of Chinese semi-cultured, 'rice
pearls' in the domestic market.
 The variable charges like consultancy and marketing are not included in the calculations.

Operational details
Area : 0.4 ha
 Product : Design pearls through double implantations
 Stocking density : 25,000 mussels/0.4 ha
 Culture period : One and half year

Sl. No. Item Amount
(Rs in lakhs)
I. Expenditure
A. Fixed Capital
1. Operation shed (12 m x 5 m) 1.00
2. Mussel holding tanks (20 ferro-cement/FRP tanks of 200 l capacity @ 0.30
Rs.1,500/tank)
3. Culture units (PVC pipe and floats) 1.50
4. Surgical sets (4 sets @ Rs 5,000/set) 0.20
5. Furniture for surgical facilities (4 sets) 0.10
Sub-total 3.10
B. Variable Costs
1. Pond lease value (for 11/2 year crop) 0.15
2. Mussels (25,000 nos @ Re 0.5/ mussel) 0.125

lime and other miscellaneous costs 0.923 II.465 4.000 @ Rs. Skilled workers for implantation (3 persons for 3 months @ Rs.000 harvested mussels considering 60% survival) Design pearls (Grade-A 10% of total) 3.000/person/month) 5.000@ Rs 150/pearl 4. Returns on sale of pearls (30. Interest on fixed capital (for 1 ½ year @15% per annum) 0.60 Gross Return 8. 60/pearl 3.348 3.000 pearls from 15.10 III. Net Income (Gross Income . Post-harvest processing of pearls (9.645 2.45 Sub-total 4. Total variable costs 4.30 7.3.000/person/month for farm maintenance and watch & ward) 6.177 . Design pearl nuclei (50. Wages (2 persons for 1½ years 1.465 Grand Total 5. Depreciation cost on fixed capital (for 1 ½ years @ 10% yearly) 0. Total Costs 1.000 design pearls @ Rs.08 @ Rs 3. Fertilisers.645 C.54 6.Total Costs) 2.000 nos for double implantation @ Rs 4/nucleus) 2.00 4. Gross Income 1. Interest on variable cost (@15% half yearly) 0.50 Design pearls (Grade-B) (20% of total) 6. 0.5/pearl) 0.