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SECTION 16295: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90

SECTION 26 09 13.13: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90

NOTE TO THE SPECIFIER: The following specification is intended to be used as a
complement to an existing section (either the device section or as a subset of an
equipment section). Insert the following into Part 2 of the base specification.

PART 2 PRODUCTS

2.1 LINE DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

A. Transmission line protection, fault location, control, monitoring and metering
shall be supplied in one integrated digital relay package for application on
transmission lines with 2/3 terminals and suitable for incorporation in an
integrated substation control system. Provide a GE Multilin L90 or approved
equal where indicated on drawings.

B. The protection system shall be available with three phase tripping logic or single
phase tripping logic.

C. The relay shall be self-synchronizing, operating without an external clock signal,
and use dedicated fiber optic communication facilities with loss of
communications detection and alarming. The communications channel shall
have a facility to determine the health of the communications channel, measure
and continuously compensate channel delay.

D. Protection Functions:

1. Current Differential Protection shall be phase segregated with an
adaptive restraint and shall be applicable to Series-compensated lines.

a. Charging current compensation for application on long overhead
lines or cables shall be incorporated.

b. Direct Transfer Trip (DTT), internal from current differential, or
external shall be integrated using the primary current differential
communications.

c. 8 direct user-assigned pilot bits via the primary current
differential communications shall be available.

d. Shall support either direct fiber or G.703 or RS422
communication interface with relay ID check.

e. Zero-sequence current removal for applications on lines with a
tapped transformer shall be incorporated.

f. An adaptive sensitive current disturbance detector (fault
detector) shall be provided.

g. Trip logic for single-pole tripping applications shall be provided.

h. CT saturation detection shall be incorporated for increased
security.

2/23/2017 Page 1

The reach shall be adjusted automatically based on the current level to provide maximum security. Out-of-Step Protection and Power Swing Blocking a. b. zero-sequence compensation. Current supervision shall be available for both the functions. d. Integrated out-of-step tripping and power swing blocking functions shall be provided. Phase and Ground Distance Protection a. Elements shall have independent direction. b. c. SECTION 16295: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 SECTION 26 09 13. c. Load encroachment characteristics responding to positive- sequence voltage and current shall be provided. d. b. overcurrent supervision. shall be available. Close-onto-fault protection shall be provided 3. blinders and timer settings. The out-of-step tripping protection shall be programmable to trip either in an early (instantaneous) or delayed (when the current envelope is at the minimum) mode. lens and quadrilateral characteristics. shape. for applications on SONET ring where transmit and receive delays may not be equal. Both out-of-step tripping and power swing blocking shall be programmable to work with 2 or 3 characteristics. 2. j.13: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 i. The distance elements shall include an adaptive reach feature for application on series compensated lines. Distance characteristics for both phase and ground protection shall include: mho. Stub bus protection shall be provided. Pilot-aided permissive overreaching transfer trip (POTT) scheme shall be provided. Channel asymmetry compensation using GPS-based time reference provided via the IRIG-B input of the relay. 4. reach. e. All phase distance elements shall work with CTs and VTs located independently from each other at any side of a three-phase wye- delta transformer. CT ratio matching of up to 5 times difference shall be incorporated. 2/23/2017 Page 2 . Load Encroachment a. maximum torque angle. Minimum voltage supervision shall be available for the function. k.

Eight time overcurrent (TOC) elements: for phase. d. 7. d. neutral. ground and negative-sequence currents (two TOCs for each) shall be provided. The element shall respond to neutral (internally calculated) or auxiliary (externally supplied) polarizing voltage. ground and negative-sequence currents (two IOCs for each) shall be available. definite time. IAC. The element shall be polarized from voltage. The neutral directional element shall include offset impedance for faster and more reliable operation and application on series compensated lines. Fast and Sensitive Ground Directional Protection a. The neutral overcurrent element shall respond to neutral (internally calculated) or ground (externally supplied) current.and one over-voltage elements shall be provided b. b. Two phase under. Time overcurrent curve characteristics: IEEE. b. Eight instantaneous overcurrent (IOC) elements: for phase. Overcurrent Protection a. and four custom curves for precise or difficult coordination shall be available. c. The relay shall include neutral directional overcurrent element for fast and sensitive fault direction discrimination.13: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 5. The overvoltage elements shall use time curves including user- programmable curves 2/23/2017 Page 3 .and over-voltage elements shall be provided c. Voltage Protection a. current or both. The neutral directional elements shall include simultaneous forward and reverse indications. f. Auxiliary under. c. The neutral elements shall be configurable for any pilot-aided scheme and for directional control of any protection element. e. 6. SECTION 16295: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 SECTION 26 09 13. neutral. The neutral directional elements shall include positive-sequence restraint for increased security. I2t. IEC. Four directional overcurrent elements: for phase and neutral/ground (two elements for each) shall be available. Neutral overvoltage element d.

a. The breaker fail elements shall be configurable to respond to two different currents such as in breaker-and-a-half application. This shall include a single-line-to-ground fault evolving into a multi-phase fault. b. c. SECTION 16295: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 SECTION 26 09 13. The breaker fail elements shall respond to three levels of current in three-pole and single-pole modes as well as to breaker contacts. three-pole/single-pole dual-breaker autorecloser shall be provided. 2/23/2017 Page 4 .13: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 8. 3. The synchrocheck elements shall be configurable to respond to any combination of single-phase voltages such as in breaker-and-a-half application. The autorecloser shall allow simultaneous or sequential reclosing of the two breakers. Dead source logic shall be included. The autorecloser shall allow one breaker to be out of service while the other breaker is in service. The autorecloser shall allow applying different dead-times for single-line-to-ground and multi-phase faults. Provide VT fuse fail detection E. Control Functions: 1. 2. Four shot.

Form-C. 2/23/2017 Page 5 . real. All elements shall have a blocking input that allows supervision of the element from other elements. The logic that determines the interaction of inputs. keypad. User-programmable oscillography 5. The relay shall be housed in a horizontal. It shall be a modular design to easily facilitate upgrading or repair by replacement of modules. Trip circuit monitoring G. 4. symmetrical components). Provide programmable logic including non-volatile latches 5. The faceplate interface shall include an alphanumeric vacuum fluorescent display. F. The use of remote inputs and outputs in addition to hardware shall be available on the communications ports using the UCA2 GOOSE (Generic Object Oriented Substation Event) mechanism to minimize the requirement for auxiliary components and wiring. true RMS values. symmetrical components. or Fast Form-C for signaling. 19-inch rack chassis configuration. Monitoring and Metering Functions: 1. Provide eight FlexElements™ for user-definable protection functions 6. 8. or seasonal requirements. etc. reactive and apparent power. demand and frequency. and outputs shall be re-configurable through the use of FlexLogic™ equations. 4 RU. 7. features. User-programmable data logger 6.13: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 4. and LED target indicators. The contact inputs shall accept wet or dry contacts. 3. SECTION 16295: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 SECTION 26 09 13. The relay shall be provided in one integrated package suitable for incorporation in an integrated substation control system. true RMS values). current (local. remote and differential phasors. contact inputs. Flexible control of all input and output contacts shall be provided. Contact outputs shall be trip rated Form-A with current and voltage circuit monitors. Fault location and reporting 2. power factor energy. H. Hardware input/output capability shall be expandable. The relay shall calculate an estimate of the per phase wear on the breaker contacts by measuring and integrating the current squared passing through the breaker contact as an arc. Voltage (phasors. The relay shall have switchable setting groups for dynamic reconfiguration of the protection elements due to changed conditions such as system configuration changes.

and the 1024 time stamped events recorded by the relay. while on-line or off- line. or print when troubleshooting. The physical port shall be 10BaseF. 2/23/2017 Page 6 . The second port shall be RS485 supporting ModBus® RTU and DNP 3. The third communications port shall be either a similar RS485 port or a 10 Mbps Ethernet port supporting MMS/UCA2. save. and DNP 3. The RS232 port shall be accessible from the faceplate of the relay.13: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 I. ModBus®/TCP. The software shall provide the capability of editing and managing settings files to store to the relay or disk backup. J. The relay shall have three communications ports that operate independently and simultaneously. The program shall be capable of retrieving Comtrade oscillography files from the relay to display. or redundant 10BaseF.0 or IEC 60870 protocols. The relay clock shall be capable of being synchronized with an IRIG-B signal to allow synchronism with other connected devices. The relay shall be supplied with supporting application software for use on a PC with Windows® 95/98/NT operating systems. K. SECTION 16295: PROTECTIVE RELAYS – L90 SECTION 26 09 13. The relay shall allow for SNTP network-based time synchronization.0 protocols capable of baud rates up to 115 kbps. The software shall also permit the updating of new relay firmware and viewing of all trip and alarm target messages.