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An overview of Standards

and Specifications

IAT Training Day, UoD Enterprise Centre
4th July 2013

John B-Bullock
Technical Asphalt & Aggregate Solutions
and Technical Advisor to MPA

The bill of quantities
• European Product standards - EN 13108 series
• European Testing
g standards - EN 12697 series
• UK guidance on the application of European Standards -
• The UK standard for laying asphalt - BS EN 594987
• Specification for Highway Work - Series 600, 700, 800 and

h first
The fi h d!

European Standards for Asphalt arrived 5 ½ years ago on

1st January 2008!!!
All the laying standards, test methods and specifications
i l di the
including th Specification
S ifi ti ffor Hi
h W
k changed
h d att
the same time.

A bit of History Construction Products Directive (CPD) 1989 First EN standard ((cement)) 2000 Bitumen Standard (EN12591) 2000 European Standards for Aggregates 2004 European Standards for Asphalt 2008 Construction Products Regulation (CPR) 2011 CPR ffull ll iimplementation l t ti 1st 1 t Jul J l 2013 Asphalt Product ENs revised & CPR compliant 2014/15 .

Principles of European Standards Harmonisation of individual countries’ countries specifications and test methods to eliminate barriers to trade! 27 (soon to be 28) countries currently represented and bound to implement the ENs (12 in 1989!) BS EN’s EN’ have h greater t authority/legal th it /l l standing than BS’s! .

The EN 13108 Family EN 13108 13108-1 1 Asphalt Concrete EN 13108-2 Asphalt Concrete for Very Thin Layers EN 13108-3 Soft Asphalt (Nordic countries) p EN 13108-4 Hot Rolled Asphalt EN 13108-5 Stone Mastic Asphalt EN 13108-6 13108 6 Mastic Asphalt EN 13108-7 Porous Asphalt EN 13108-8 Reclaimed Asphalt (ingredient) EN 13108 13108-9 9 Asphalt for Ultra Ultra-Thin Thin Layers (AUTL) EN 13108-20 Type Testing EN 13108-21 13108 21 Factory F t P Production d ti C Control t l .

The EN 12697 Family Currently 47 published testing standards with a further 3 as drafts. drafts A full list is provided in the notes. .

Rotary evaporator EN 12697-4 12697 4 Bitumen Bit recovery.The EN 12697 Family EN 12697-1 Soluble binder content EN 12697-2 Determination of particle size distribution EN 12697-3 Bitumen recovery. Fractionating F ti ti g column l EN 12697-5 Determination of the maximum densityy EN 12697-6 Determination of bulk density of bituminous specimens EN 12697-7 Determination of the bulk density of bituminous specimens by gamma rays EN 12697-8 Determination of void characteristics of bit i bituminous specimens i .

The EN 12697 Family EN 12697-9 Determination of the reference density EN 12697-10 Compactability EN 12697-11 Determination of the affinity between aggregate gg g and bitumen EN 12697-12 Determination of the water sensititivity of bituminous specimens EN 12697-13 Temperature measurement EN 12697-14 Water content EN 12697-15 Determination of the segregation sensitivity EN 12697-16 Abrasion by studded tyres .

The EN 12697 Family EN 12697 12697-17 17 Particle loss of porous asphalt specimen EN 12697-18 Binder drainage EN 12697-19 Permeability of specimen EN 12697-20 12697 20 Indentation using cube or Marshall specimens EN 12697-21 Indentation using plate specimen EN 12697-22 Wheel tracking EN 12697-23 12697 23 Determination D t i ti off th the iindirect di t ttensile il strength t th of bituminous specimens EN 12697-24 Resistance to fatigue EN 12697 12697-25 25 Cyclic compression test .

The EN 12697 Family EN 12697-26 Stiffness EN 12697-27 Sampling EN 12697-28 Preparation of samples for determining binder content.. water content and g grading g EN 12697-29 Determination of the dimensions of a bituminous specimen EN 12697-30 Specimen preparation by impact compactor EN 12697-31 Specimen preparation by gyratory compactor EN 12697-32 Laboratory compaction of bituminous mixtures by vibratory compactor .

The EN 12697 Family EN 12697 12697-33 33 Specimen prepared by roller compactor EN 12697-34 Marshall test EN 12697-35 Laboratory mixing EN 12697-36 12697 36 Determination of the thickness of a bituminous pavement EN 12697-37 12697 37 Hot H sand d test ffor the h adhesivity dh i i off binder bi d on precoated chippings for HRA EN 12697-38 Test equipment and calibration EN 12697 12697-39 39 Binder content by ignition EN 12697-40 In situ drainability .

The EN 12697 Family EN 12697 12697-41 41 Resistance to de de-icing icing fluids EN 12697-42 Amount of coarse foreign matter in reclaimed asphalt EN 12697-43 Resistance to fuel EN 12697-44 Crack propagation by semi-circular bending EN 12697-45 12697 45 SSaturation t ti A Ageing i T Tensile il Stiff Stiffness (SATS) EN 12697-46 Low temperature p cracking g&p properties p EN 12697-47 Ash content of natural asphalts .

The EN 12697 Family Standards currently in draft form: EN 12697-48 Bond Strength EN 12697-49 12697 49 F Friction i ti after ft PPolishing li hi g EN 12697-50 Scuffing ff g resistance .

Th UK G The Guidance id D Documents t The Published Documents (PDs) . .the EN 12697 family of asphalt testing standards.informative documents published By BSI. PD 6692 . BSI PD 6691 – the EN 13108 family of asphalt mixtures applicable pp to the UK.


4 and 5 covered in detail. • Evaluation of Conformity and Type Testing explained yp Testing incl. • Examples of declared specifications.. Covers: C tit t materials • Constituent t i l • Mixture Composition .Parts 1. HRA and SMA. • FPC tolerances to enable specs to be drafted by suppliers. specifications . PD 6691:2010 (2) The essential indispensable document for selection of an pp p appropriate p UK asphalt mixture. Type g requirements q for AC.

PD 6691:2010 (3) Example specifications are detailed in three annexes: The most important section of PD 6691!! Annex B: Asphalt Concretes (EN 13108-1) Annex C: Hot Rolled Asphalts p ((EN 13108-4)) Annex e D:: Sto Stone e Mast Masticc Asphalts sp alts ((EN N 13108-5) 3 08 5) .

PD 6691:2010 (4) .

PD 6691:2010 (5) .

14.10 EME2 base/bin 10/20 Des 15/25 Des 20 open bin 160/220 Rec 14/10/6 close/med surf 100/150 Rec 4 fine surf 160/220 Rec HRA 60/32 base/bin 40/60pref Rec EN 13108-4 60/20 bin 70/100 Rec 100/150 Rec 55/10F surf 40/60pref R/D 35/14F surf 40/60pref Des PMB SMA 20 base/bin 40/60pref . PD 6691:2010 6691 2010 (6) Mix Max size “D” or Pavement Binder Rec/ EN Type Grad Designation Layer Grade Des Standard AC 32 dense. HMB bin 30/45 Des 100/150 Rec 20. HDM. 6 bin/reg/surf 70/100 PMB . HMB base/bin 40/60 Des EN 13108-1 20 dense. 10. HDM. EN 13108-5 14.

• Fluxed mixtures more readily covered. g • Segregation of empirical and fundamental mixtures removed. added • Improved clarity in certain areas. pl a t. • PD 6691 revision process just about to start! . PD 6691:2010 (7) All parts of BSEN 13108 have been through 5 year q y Changes: review are out for CEN enquiry. • Sta Standards da ds changed c a ged from o CCPD to be C CPR co compliant. • New performance tests methods added.


BS 594987 (2) Contents Transport. delivery and discharge on site Preparation works on site Laying the asphalt Chipping of Hot Rolled Asphalt Texture Depth Compaction Opening to traffic Type Testing protocols .

[0.20kg/m 0 20kg/m2 residual binder (0.Annex J .35kg/m2 residual binder (0 6l/ 2) (0.6l/m • Use of tack coat .Wind Wi d SSpeed/Temperature d/T • Issues with HRA chipping embedment .0.5l/m2)] Laying • Adverse Ad conditions di i .BS 594987 (4) Application of Bond coats • Use of bond coat now best practice • Rate of spread .

BS 594987 (7) Chipping of Hot Rolled Asphalt • Guidance G id off rates t off spread. • Minimum rolling p • Measurement of Texture Depth and guidance on levels. d • Methods of applying the PCC. l l . PCC g temperatures.

. weight g and number of rollers. • Maximum asphalt temperature before opening to traffic. • Considerations C id ti off rollers ll ffor h hand d llaying. yp .BS 594987 (7) Compaction • Use of appropriate pp p type. i • Compaction control for designed dense AC mixtures. • Approximate rates of spread for calculating tonnage from thickness & material type.

BS 594987 (8) Informative Type Testing protocols: Annex C g voids (SHW DBM/HDM/HMB design ( 929)) • Trial strip • Sampling/testing loose material • Core sampling/testing p g g • Calculations • Verification of target composition • Reporting .

LA30.PSVdeclared d l d mean of last 3 results within the last 6 months.AAV10 .Cl 901 General (1) Properties of aggregates Clean. WA242 • Cleanliness .fines contents from PD 6691 • Resistance to polishing . hard and durable • Fragmentation . Value required taken from Volume 7 Section 5 Part 1 HD36/06 table 3.MS25. LA50 BF Slag • Freeze/Thaw resistance .1 • Resistance to surface abrasion .

• Use of 2% Hydrated Lime SATS not required.Cl 901 General (2) Properties of aggregates cont. . 80%. • Satu Saturation at o Ageing ge g Tensile e s le St Stiffness ess (S (SATS) S) >80%. • China Clay waste and slate acceptable but subject to more scrutiny Asphalt Durability • Cl 929 design mixes only. • R Recycled l d aggregates t allowed ll d if containing t i i lless th than 1% contaminants.

stiffness . HRA and SMA. • If more than 25% added to a Cl 929 design base or binder course cores taken and tested for stiffness. • Restriction on the viscosity of the recovered binder. • Follow PD 6691 sections covering AC. • If more than h 10% is i added dd d recovered d bi binder d must comply with PD 6691 Table 12.Cl 902 Reclaimed Asphalt • Can be used unless otherwise stated in Appendix 7/1.

• Additional requirements concerning joint preparation. voids overbanding and upstanding free edges. Other mixtures refer to BSEN 13108 and PD 6691. • Lower textures with maximums applied to improve durability. .Cl 903 Pl Placing i and d compaction i • Generally in line with the requirements of BS 594987. edges Cl 942 Thin Thi SSurfacings f i • Rewritten to permit other certification bodies to BBA. voids. y • Minimum binder contents to ensure durability.

SHW 600 Series S i . • Alternative methodology to be introduced into next SHW amd. ((Oct 13).Earthworks E h k (1) Cl 601 Classification. ) . Definitions and Uses of Earthworks Materials • Changes to method of assessing aggregates when fills used within 500mm of concrete and metallic elements.

Earthworks SHW 600 Series E h k (2) Table 6. 6F2 and 6F3 materials won from site and not ‘imported’ imported grading specification in SHW Table 6/2 • 6F4 fine grading and 6F5 coarse grading imported grading specification BSEN 13285* (I (Improvedd clarity l it ffor these th mixtures i t iin SHW amd. d Oct O t 13!) *N t : U *Note: Unbound b d Mixtures Mi t iin conformity f it with ith BSEN13285 cannot be CE marked! .1 6 1 Acceptable Earthworks • 50 different materials covered in Table 6/1! • Selected Granular materials: • 6F1 6F1. S i .

SHW 700 Series S i .Road R dPPavement General G l Cl 701 Requirements • Permitted pavement options Cl 702 Horizontal alignments. Regularity . Surface levels and Regularity.

Cl 803 Type 1 Cl 804 T Type 2 Cl 805 Type 3 Open-graded Cl 806 Category B Close Graded Cl 807 Type 4 Asphalt Arisings *Note: Unbound Mixtures supplied in conformity with BSEN13285 cannot be CE marked! . S i .Unbound SHW 800 Series U b d Mixtures Mi (1) Cl 801 General Requirements q • Aggregate properties BSEN 13242 Grading BSEN 13285* • Los Angeles strength. Magnesium Sulfate (freeze/thaw). Note: Alternative methodology for assessing suitability of aggregates placed within 500mm off concrete and metal to be included in next SHW amd.

Fly Ash Bound Mixture 3 (FABM 3) and Hydraulic Road Binder Bound Mixture 3 (HRBBM 3) . Fly Ash Bound Mixture 2 (FABM 2) and Hydraulic Road Binder Bound Mixture 2 (HRBBM 2) Cl 832 Slag Bound Mixture B3 (SBM B3).Unbound U b d Mixtures Mi t (2) Cl 821 Cement Bound Granular Mixtures A (CBGM A) Cl 822 Cement Bound Granular Mixtures B (CBGM B) Cl 823 Cement Bound Granular Mixtures C (CBGM C) Cl 830 Fly Fl AAsh hBBound d Mi Mixture 1 (FABM 1) and dHHydraulic d li Road Binder Bound Mixture 1 (HRBBM1) Cl 831 Slag Bound Mixture B2 (SBM B2).SHW 800 Series S i .