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# Unit 5.

2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

**Unit 5.2 - Number and Operations (Rational Numbers)
**

Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Multiplication/Division facts: 0 through 12 Basic Fraction and Decimal Equivalencies for halves, fourths, and thirds

**How do I perform operations on rational numbers?
**

5.1.2 - Estimate fraction and decimal sums or differences) 5.2.5- Solve addition and subtraction problems involving both fractions and decimals. 5.2.6- Add and subtract proper and improper fractions, as well as mixed numbers.

**How do I read and write rational numbers?
**

5.2.1 - Read and write numbers from millions to millionths in various contexts. 5.2.8- Write terminating decimals in the form of fractions or mixed numbers.

How do I compare the values of rational numbers?

5.2.7 Recognize equivalent representations for the same number. 5.2.9 Compare whole numbers, decimals and fractions using the symbols <,>, and =.

Unit 5.2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.1 - Name and write decimal numbers to the hundred thousandths place.

State Performance Indicators

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I read and write rational numbers (decimal numbers)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Rational Numbers (not whole) Decimals Terminating vs. nonterminating, repeating vs. non-repeating, as whole number values Number line Money (dollars and cents)

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Multiplication/Division Facts 0-12.

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1 of 11 (Week of 10/11 before Fall Break)

5.2.2 - Identify the place value of a digit in a decimal number up to the hundred thousandths place. 5.2.3 - Name and write decimal numbers to the millionths place. 5.2.4 - Identify the place value of a digit in a decimal number up to the millionths place. 5.2.1 Read and write numbers from millions to millionths in various contexts.

October 2010

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5.2.5 - Identify a decimal number on a number line. 5.2.6 Order decimal numbers from least to greatest. Interim Assessment I (Numbers and Operations I and II)

Unit 5.2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.7 - Compare decimal numbers using the symbols <, >, and =.

**State Performance Indicators
**

5.2.9 Compare whole numbers, decimals, (and fractions) using the symbols <, >, and =.

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I compare rational numbers (decimal numbers)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Comparison Symbols , , , =, <, >

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Multiplication/Division facts 0-12.

2 of 11 (Week of 10/25) Week After Fall Break

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5.2.8 - Compare decimal and whole numbers using the symbols <,>, and =. 5.2.9 - Estimate decimal numbers up to the nearest tenth, hundredth, or thousandth. 5.2.10 - Use mental math to estimate decimal sums and differences up to the whole and tenth. 5.1.2 - Estimate (fraction and decimal) sums or differences) 5.2.5- Solve addition (and subtraction) problems involving (both fractions) and decimals. How do I add (and subtract) rational numbers?

Estimation Rules Vertical column method for addition of decimal numbers.

October 2010

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5.2.11 - Add decimal numbers up to the thousandths place.

5.2.12 - Solve story problems involving combining decimal numbers using a problem solving method.

Unit 5.2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.13 - Subtract decimal numbers up to the thousandths place.

State Performance Indicators

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I subtract rational numbers (decimal numbers)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Vertical Column Method for subtraction of decimal numbers Number line Pizza Pie Model (cardstock common fraction/decimal equivalencies manipulatives)

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Multiplication facts 0-12.

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3 of 11 (Week of 11/1)

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5.2.14 - Solve separating or comparing story problems involving decimal numbers.

5.2.5- Solve addition (and subtraction) problems involving (both fractions) and decimals.

November 2010

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5.2.15 - Create a physical model of common fraction and decimal equivalencies, including halves, fourths, thirds, sixths, and eighths.

How do I read and write rational numbers (fractions)?

Common Equivalent Fractions Decimals

5.2.16 - Represent common equivalent decimals and fractions with a physical model, such as 2/4 = ½ and 0.5 = ½. 13 of 51.5 5.2.7 Recognize equivalent representations for the same number.

How do I compare the values of rational numbers?

Unit 5.2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.17 - Identify common equivalent decimals and fractions, including halves, fourths, thirds, sixths, and eighths on a number line.

**State Performance Indicators
**

5.2.7 Recognize equivalent representations for the same number.

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I compare the values of rational numbers?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Fractions numerator, denominator, equivalent, common denominators, improper fractions, whole numbers represented as fractions, including 1.

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Common equivalent decimals and fractions (halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, and eighths.

14 of 51.5

5.2.18 - Define and identify the parts of a fraction. 15 of 51.5 5.2.19 - Represent whole numbers as fractions, including 1. 5.2.20 - Describe the effect of place value when dividing whole numbers by 10, 100, and 1,000. 5.2.8- Write terminating decimals in the form of fractions (or mixed numbers). 5.2.7 Recognize equivalent representations for the same number. REVIEW 5.1.3 Recognize the unit associated with the remainder in a division problem or the meaning of the fractional part of a whole given in either decimal or fraction form.

How do I read and write rational numbers (fractions)?

Number line Common Equivalent Fractions/Decimals

4 of 11 (Week of 11/8)

November 2010

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5.2.21 - Convert a terminating decimal to fraction form by naming the last decimal place value as the denominator, such as 0.3 = 3/10.

REVIEW: How do I divide whole numbers?

Fractions Decimals Naming decimal numbers to convert them to fractions Fractions as Division problems to convert them to decimals. Writing repeating decimals, such as 0.33

5.2.22 - Compute the decimal value of a common fraction by dividing the numerator by the denominator. 18 of 51.5

How do I compare the values of rational numbers?

Unit 5.2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.23 - Identify common fractions on a number line. 5.2.24 - Order common fractions from least to greatest. 5.2.25 - Order whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers from least to greatest.

State Performance Indicators

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I compare the values of rational numbers?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Fractions Mixed numbers

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Common equivalent decimals and fractions (halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, and eighths.

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Comparison Symbols , , , =, <, > 5.2.9 Compare whole numbers, decimals, and fractions using the symbols <,>, and =.

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5 of 11 (Week of 11/15)

Estimation with Fractions

November 2010

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5.2.26 - Compare common fractions and whole numbers with >, <, or = symbols.

5.2.27 - Compare whole numbers, fractions, decimals, and mixed numbers with >, <, or = symbols.

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5.2.28 - Estimate mixed numbers to the nearest whole number.

5.1.2 Estimate fraction and (decimal) sums or differences.

How do I add and subtract rational numbers (fractions)?

Unit 5.2 Number and Operations (Rational Numbers) Numbers can be written in many different ways to help us solve problems.

Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.29 - Estimate fraction sums or differences.

**State Performance Indicators
**

5.1.2 Estimate fraction and (decimal) sums or differences.

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I add and subtract rational numbers (fractions)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Vertical Column Method for adding and subtracting fractions and mixed numbers. Regrouping with fractions.

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Common equivalent decimals and fractions (halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, and eighths.

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6 of 11 (Week of 11/22) Thanksgiving Week

5.2.30 - Add and subtract fractions with common denominators.

5.2.6 Add and subtract proper (and improper fractions), as well as mixed numbers.

November 2010

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Month

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.31 - Solve addition and subtraction problems involving fractions and mixed numbers with common denominators that do not require regrouping.

State Performance Indicators

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I add and subtraction rational numbers?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Inverse operation Converting Time Hours, minutes, seconds

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Common equivalent decimals and fractions (halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, and eighths.)

November 2010

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5.2.32 - Solve addition and subtraction problems involving fractions and mixed numbers with common denominators that require regrouping.

5.2.6 Add and subtract proper (and improper fractions), as well as mixed numbers.

7 of 11 (Week of 11/29)

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5.2.33 - Verify the sum or difference of adding or subtracting mixed fractions by using the inverse operation.

5.2.5 Solve addition and subtraction problems involving both fractions and decimals.

December 2010

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5.2.34 - Solve addition and subtraction problems involving both common fractions and decimals, such as ¾ + 0.5. 5.2.35 - Solve a combining story problem involving fractions and mixed numbers. 5.2.36A Solve an elapsed time story problem involving fractions and mixed numbers.

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Month Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.37 - Determine the greatest common factor (GCF) of the numerator and denominator by listing their factor pairs.

State Performance Indicators

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I read and write rational numbers (fractions)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Reducing Fractions to the lowest terms Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed): Common equivalent decimals and fractions (halves, thirds, fourths, sixths, and eighths.)

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5.2.38 - Reduce a fraction to lowest terms by dividing it by a fraction name for one as determined by the GCF. *Students will be expected to have their final fraction answers in lowest terms from now on. Improper fractions How do I read and write rational numbers (fractions)? Improper fraction

8 of 11 (Week of 12/6)

December 2010

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5.2.39 - Write the sum or difference of fractions in lowest terms.*

5.2.6 Add and subtract proper (and improper fractions), as well as mixed numbers.

How do I add and subtract rational numbers?

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5.2.40 - Represent the number of wholes in an improper fraction, such as 3/2 = 2/2 + ½ = 1 ½. 5.2.41 - Add or subtraction whole numbers and fractions. Benchmark Focus

Mixed number Converting an improper fraction by thinking about the number of wholes Converting an improper fraction by the division method and representing the remainder as a fraction

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**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Month Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.42 - Convert an improper fraction to a proper mixed number by the division method.

**State Performance Indicators
**

REVIEW 5.1.3 Recognize the unit associated with the remainder in a division problem or the meaning of the fractional part of a whole given in either decimal or fraction form.

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I add and subtract rational numbers (fractions)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Improper fractions Improper fraction

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed):

9 of 11 (Week of 12/13) Week before Winter Break

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December 2010

5.2.43 - Solve addition and subtraction problems involving both fractions and improper fractions with common denominators.

Mixed number Converting an improper fraction by thinking about the number of wholes Converting an improper fraction by the division method and representing the remainder as a fraction

Converting improper fractions to mixed numbers. OR Reducing fractions to lowest terms.

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5.2.44 - Solve combining story problems involving both fractions and improper fractions with common denominators.

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Benchmark Focus

5.2.6 Add and subtract proper and improper fractions as well as mixed numbers.

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Month Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.45 - Solve a elapsed time story problems involving both fractions and improper fractions with common denominators.

**State Performance Indicators
**

5.2.6 Add and subtract proper and improper fractions as well as mixed numbers.

**Topical Essential Questions
**

How do I add and subtract rational numbers (fractions)?

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Pizza Pie Model (cardstock common fraction equivalencies manipulatives) Creating Equivalent Fractions By multiplying by a fraction name for one that will give the desired denominator By determining the Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed):

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Converting improper fractions to mixed numbers. OR Reducing fractions to lowest terms.

10 of 11 (Week of 1/4)

January 2011

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5.2.46 - Represent equivalent fractions, such as the number of fourths in a half, with a physical model.

How do I compare the values of rational numbers (fractions)?

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5.2.47 - Convert a fraction to an equivalent fraction with a specific denominator by multiplying it by a fraction name for one.

Interim Assessment II (Numbers and Operations II)

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Month Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.48 - Identify the lowest common denominator of two fractions with uncommon denominators by listing their first four multiples. 5.2.49 - Convert simple fractions with uncommon denominators to fractions with common denominators to add and subtract them.

State Performance Indicators

Topical Essential Questions

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Creating Equivalent Fractions

Assessment Evidence

Daily Reinforcement (2 minutes timed):

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How do I compare the values of rational numbers (fractions)?

By multiplying by a fraction name for one that will give the desired denominator By determining the Lowest Common Multiple/ Lowest Common Denominator

Converting improper fractions to mixed numbers. OR Reducing fractions to lowest terms.

11 of 11 (Week of 1/10)

January 2011

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5.2.50 - Compare two fractions with uncommon denominators by converting one or both to fractions with common denominators.

5.2.9 Compare (whole numbers, decimals, and) fractions using the symbols <, >, and =. 5.2.6 Add and subtract proper and improper fractions as well as mixed numbers.

How do I compare the values of rational numbers (fractions)? How do I add and subtract rational numbers (fractions)?

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5.2.51 - Add and subtract fractions with uncommon denominators.

Benchmark Focus

**Daily Learning Objectives
**

Month Week Day

**KIPPsters will be able to
**

5.2.52 - Add and subtraction improper fractions and/or mixed numbers with uncommon denominators.

**State Performance Indicators
**

5.2.6 Add and subtract proper and improper fractions as well as mixed numbers.

Topical Essential Questions

**Vocabulary and Reference
**

Multiplying fractions: Multiply the numerators, then the denominators Dividing fractions: Find the reciprocal of the divisor and then multiply. Introduce/Review the different ways multiplication and division can be represented.

Assessment Evidence

11 of 11 (Week of 1/18) Week of MLK Observance

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5.2.52 continued 49.5 of 51.5

How do I add and subtract rational numbers (fractions)?

January 2011

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5.2.53 Multiply simple fractions. 5.2.54 Divide simple fractions.

How do I multiply and divide simple fractions?

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Benchmark Focus