M IWR [c F. M. ~mVI K
ARSTRACT
Pc(r) = Pv  (::lYl)

43
for r > R
2y
vol
where q Is the tined~penc1ent cavity 1T01uMe per unit voluMe of
f l U Id
and T
where RIo is the Reynolds nUrlher. II.t the frequency fn, the
theory of Isolated huhhle cavitation noise suggests that the
function <I> would have a r']Rximum value when
Peo 1 12 P 1 12 ( 0 i 0 ) 1 12
For that.
f M T,
~
.......,(ai  a) 41 (a, '01> RL)
N. (L/r)2
1 cos 2 e
I(x)
?lIR
where ts the wavelength of' the ntsturhance and vCR) is the
q
velocity cOMponent of the blarle at a radial position R. The
phase angle Iq is illustrat.erl in FIg. 1,. Monern nesIgns,
however, have co",plex geometrIes ann several resonances may
occur within the operating range. In t.hls case w(x,t) ",ust
also cancel a velocity component rlue to hlarle vIhr~tions. The
linearized houndary connition in this case is gtllen hy
w w
<k
c Hc
where w/c and w/Hc are the sonic and convective wave
numbers, respectively. Accordingly, in hyo.roacoustic appli
cations, the wave numhers of greatest interest are those in
the sonic and aupersonic range for direct radiation from the
flow, ann those in the low, suhsonic wave number range for
radiation from flow inducen vihrations.
Rxisting moo.els of the wave numherfrequency spectruM of
the wall pressure fielo. heneath a turhulent hounrlary layer
assume that it is spatially homogeneous anrl temporR.lly stR.tional"Y.
'l'he crosscorrelation function for the pressure at two arhitrary
points on the WR.lI is therefore given hy the enseMhle R.verR.ge
with respect to tiMe
and
<!>o(~:~) ann the pronuct [A. o (l)R o (O) Rl] can he rounn.
4>p(~'lll) Hoo
f =
TW
where
Ki ' +
297
t'
hM'" hT '" ~ ; r'T = 0.0474 ; CM = 0.07 I
p2 (w. hw)
'111
298
in the range:
006*
~ < < 30
U..
299
or .a~ter<n~tty!!_ly....
~p(O~OO) 0 ..
.
M2 q 2 (/,*)3
4 A (1)R (O)a
u ). 2
Cf = 2.2
(
U",
and
~ (000
o TT
*)
.
= (001l * )
.
TT
If .5
References
6.5
5.5
6.0
5.0
5.5
M M 4.5
E E
E E
'! '!
5.0 ~ 4.0
~
z z
0
0 ;:::
;:::
...z
~ 4.5 ...
~
zw
3.5
w
U
Z
"
Z
0
0
u
0
4.0 " 3.0
0
.; WATER TUNNEL TESTS
C!l g
g AIR CONTENT
3.5
2.5 LOW
MEDIUM
<><>
[J{J
STRAITS NEAR SUPERSATURATED 00
DEPTH OF FLORIDA BAHAMAS
2.0 OCEAN 10 METER DEPTH
10 m 00 00
3.0 NEAR BAHAMAS
25 m 00 00 STRAITS
ee MEDWIN, 3m DEEP, 1.5
OF FLORIDA
MISSION BAY, SAN DIEGO
2.5 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6
LOG,. RADIUS (~ml
0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 I I I 1
LOG 0 RADIUS 11""1 20
' 10 30 40
I I 1 RADIUS I~ml
5 10 20 30 40
RADIUS I~ml
10 5 r~~'r~
L _ l r      3 " 105
1()4
MAXIMUM POSSIBLE
VALUES OF ~.c/m
L ~ CHORD LENGTH
Wi'" J' **1 J .rae .. ,.". I 1 J
.)
il'
TIME
sof 
NOISE FROM DEVELOPED CAVITATION
....... 90
~
l
OJ
...8
N
::;
b) TIME
:s 100 f
;:
,
<l
Fig. 5 Temporal Variations of Tip Vortex ~'
Cavitation Noise
~ 110  I

,~'.\ 
~
g
40~'r~~r'
~
120  I
/~
30
130  ,'\1 I 
140
_I ) I I I I I I
0 0.4 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.S
dB 20 1/0;0
.016
,,V
.014
Fig. 6 Noise Level Differenoes Above
Background, at High Frequenoles I
.012
~Ij .01
P
h
"il,
!!!.9l
~ f~L X~
.OOB
000.72 = 0.0\03 10; 
"'....
ill
l:rl:J.
0.46
.006
c:; .6 t::.
w
C
~
.004
w,gf" 0
.002 .".", . . . 1'"
0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.S
vo;=o
1.1
9 20
~
0 .40.6 2 4 6 810 20 40
film
o
I)
~ 10
Fig. 13 Model Propeller Geometry (Ref. 11)
I~
 20
g
~
o
~ 30 (SPREAD ABOUT MEAN LINE 2 dBI
14rrrrrr~~'
1.1 MAGNITUDE OF
FOURIER COEFFICIENT 250 COMPUTATION BASED ON
PHASE ANGLE EXPERIMENT ALL Y OBTAINED
:: 1.0 q~O 240 VIBRATION MODES
'i 0 .9
q=3
180
...... 12
COMPUTATION BASED ON
8 0: MODES CALCULATED FROM
>~I::> 0.8
q ~ 12
120 "0... 10
MEASURED INFLUENCE
COEFFICIENTS
iii g
0.7 q=9\ 60 0'0
...
Ii;
\ ...",
.,....'v: ....."' ...., ...
l q=12 ,:: EXPERIMENT
~
0.6
q = 0 :'( l"'~
.~"'...... I~II. 0
...
.;
...
IL
0 .5 q= 6 ,..' 60 i
0
u
0:
0.4 120 ..."
CI)
!!I
0:
::> 0.3 q=3 180 l: ..."
...0 0.2  240
0.1 300
1m
10 kg .",_ct:. 51 m/aec
Fig. 17 Effect of Blade Resonanoes
on Fluctuating Force
,
8,'" ,
.... ,
'4.0 "
\
\\
'Re
4 8 12 16 20 kg
4 i
I
I
, ,/
SO'.......... ,./ '
'''O~"'
00 RIGID BlADE
12 U ~ 5.0 mlsee ' " ~LEXIBLE
<>0 EPOXY BLADE
Fig. 16 Predloted Magnitudes and Phases of
Unsteady Thrust Force for Rigid and
Flexible Propellers (Ref. 11)
50
60 r
70 ...
J ~ 80
'3 :g
o :P 90 
~ :I
.
1
0 MEDIUM ROUGH _
k,U T = 50
~
';;'10
S
v


"!! 0
/:). GElSFARABEE
~1; 20 
FULLY ROUGH

c:I
...
0 30 
~ k,U T = 1000
;;

~ ~O
40  /:).D~ 
50 0 
00
60 I
0.6 1.0 5 10 50 100
WO*/U oo