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com Eduin은 "Education + Design"으로 고객의 발전과 교육적 목적 달성에 적합한 교육 컨텐츠를 개발하고 설계함으로써 세계를 무대로 학생과 기업인의 전진과 발전을 지향하여 글로벌 리더로 만듭니다. 에듀인에서 지구촌을 경험해 보시기 바랍니다. 에듀인은 더욱 편리하고, 재미있는 영어 듣고 말하기를 위해 지속 노력 발전해 나가겠습니다.

Fun English Training 즐거운 영어 회화 에듀인 지음 홈페이지 www.eduinto.com 주 팩 소 : 서울시 양천구 목1동 현대하이페리온Ⅱ 206-3901 스 : 02)2640-0670 대표전화 : 02)745-7333 허가없이 이 교재의 일부 또는 전부를 무단 복제 전재 발췌 할 수 없습니다. (주)에듀인애스크

현대는 지구촌의 많은 사람들이 이룩해 놓은 그 무엇들을 먼저 찾고 공유하는 정보 경쟁시대입니다. 그래서 반드시 영어가 필요한 시대이기도 합니다.

우리는 영어 공부는 하고자 노력은 하지만, 바쁜 생활 속에서 영어를 듣고 말할 기회를 갖기는 쉽지 않습니다. 에듀인은 전화와 화상 솔루션을 통하여 한국에서 영어를 듣고 말할 수 있도록 해 드리고 있습니다. 에듀인에서 지구촌을 경험해 보시기 바랍니다.

자! 이제 여유를 갖으시고, 특히 처음 접하시는 회원 분들께서는 발음.단어.문장 등 잘못하지 않을까 긴장하고 걱정하지 마세요!! 틀리면 어떻습니까? 원어민이 아닌 이상 틀릴 수 있는 것이 정상입니다.

문화를 이해하고 즐긴다는 생각으로 도전해보시기 바랍니다. 에듀인은 더욱 편리하고, 재미있는 영어 듣고 말하기를 위해 지속 노력 발전해 나가겠습니다.

Contents
Lesson 1 Inviting someone for dinner Lesson 2 Comparatives I Lesson 3 Comparatives II Lesson 4 Phone conversation I Lesson 5 Phone conversation II Lesson 6 Phone conversation III 저녁 초대하기 비교급 I 비교급 II 전화 대화 I 전화 대화 II 전화 대화 III

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3 7

․․․․․․․․․․ 10 ․․․․․․․․․․ 13 ․․․․․․․․․․ 15 ․․․․․․․․․․ 17 ․․․․․․․․․․ 19 ․․․․․․․․․․ 22 ․․․․․․․․․․ 26 ․․․․․․․․․․ 32 ․․․․․․․․․․ 37 ․․․․․․․․․․ 43 ․․․․․․․․․․ 47 ․․․․․․․․․․ 51 ․․․․․․․․․․ 54

Lesson 7 What kind of music do you like? 어떤 종류의 음악을 좋아하세요? Lesson 8 Grandparents Lesson 9 Dialogue Lesson 10 Like father, like son Lesson 11 Experience Lesson 12 Are you married? Lesson 13 Planning a vacation Lesson 14 How was your vacation? 할아버지, 할머니 대화 아빠처럼, 아들처럼
~해본 적 있으세요? (현재완료)

결혼하셨나요? 휴가 계획 짜기 당신의 휴가는 어땠나요?

Lesson 15 Do you have any bad habits? 나쁜 습관을 가지고 있나요?

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Lesson 1

(저녁 초대하기)

"Inviting someone for dinner" A : What are you doing this weekend? B : I have no plans. A : Do you want to come to my house for dinner? B : Sure. I'd love to. When? A : How about Saturday? Around 7? B : That sounds great. Thanks. A : Okay. I will see you on Saturday. B : See you then.
Tips *“what are you doing this weekend?" ("이번 주말에 무엇을 하십니까?") 라는 표현입니다. 같은 표현으로는, “Do you have any plans for this weekend?" ("이번 주말에 무슨 계획 있으십니까?)가 있습니다.

Tips

Exercise A : What are you doing this weekend? B : I ______________. A : Do you want to come to my house for dinner? B : ________. ___________. When? A : How about Saturday? Around 7? B : ____________________. Thanks. A : Okay. I will see you on Saturday. B : ___________________.

*“I'd = I would의 줄인 말

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Tips *“come to my house." (우리 집으로 오세요.) 같은 뜻의 표현으로 “house" 대신에 “place" 라는 말이 많이 쓰인다. “Do you want to come to my place?" (=Do you want to come to my house?) "Where is your place?“ (=Where is your house?)

Asking questions B : ___________________________this weekend? A : I have no plans. B : ____________________________________ dinner? A : Sure. I'd love to. When? B : ____________________? ___________7? A : That sounds great. Thanks. B : Okay. _________________________on Saturday . A : See you then.

Practice Conversation A : Do you have any plans for this weekend? B : No, I don't. A : Do you want to come to my house for dinner? B : Sure. I'd love to. When? A : I am thinking Saturday. Is Saturday okay with you? B : Saturday is fine with me. What time? A : Why don't you come around 7? B : Okay. I am looking forward to it.

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A : I will see you then. B : Yes, see you then. Exercise A : Do you have any plans for this weekend? B : No, ________. A : Do you want to come to my house for dinner? B : Sure. _________. When? A : I am thinking Saturday. Is Saturday okay with you? B : ________________________. _____________? A : Why don't you come around 7? B : Okay. I ________________________. A : I will see you then. B : Yes, ________________.

Asking questions B : Do ___________________________? A : No, I don't. B : ____________________________ for dinner? A : Sure. I'd love to. When? B : I _____________________ Saturday. ___________________? A : Saturday is fine with me. What time? B : __________________________ 7? A : Okay. I am looking forward to it.

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B : _______________________. A : Yes, see you then.

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Lesson 2 Let's Review! A : What are you doing this weekend? B : I ______________. A : Do you want to come to my house for dinner? B : ________. ___________. When? A : How about Saturday? Around 7? B : ____________________. Thanks. A : Okay. I will see you on Saturday. B : ___________________.

(비교급

)

"Comparatives I" Short words + -er smarter cheaper longer slower louder nicer good → better bad → worse more + long words more beautiful more expensive more popular more famous

A : You are smart. B : You are smarter. A : This shirt is cheap. B : That shirt is cheaper. A : Your hair is long. B : Your hair is longer.

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A : You are loud. B : You are louder.
* 비교급 (~er) Tips 형용사에 ~er만을 붙이는 경우도 있고, 앞에 more를 쓰고 형용사를 그냥 쓰는 경우도 있습니다.

A : My mother is nice. B : My mother is nicer. A : Jane is beautiful. B : You are more beautiful. A : Nike is expensive. B : Puma is more expensive. A : I am popular. B : I am more popular. Exercise A : I am smart. B : I am _______. A : Lunch was cheap. B : Coffee was _________. A : The meeting was long. B : My class was __________. A : You walk slow. B : You walk ___________. A : Your TV is loud. B : Your piano is ___________. A : Julia Roberts is beautiful.

B : Catherine Zeta Jones is _______________ .

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A : Your house is nice. B : Your house is ________. A : Starbucks coffee is expensive. B : Pascucci coffee is _________________. A : Jessica Simpson is popular. B : Brittney Spears is _______________. Practice Conversation A : The Nam Dae Moon market is famous. B : The Dong Dae Moon market is more famous. A : James is friendly. B : His brother is friendlier. A : I am good with children. B : I am better with children. A : My test score is bad. B : My test score is worse. Exercise A : Monet is famous. B : Picasso is ____________________. A : People in Seoul are friendly. B : People from a small town are _______________. A : John is a good singer. B : I am a ______ singer. A : The earthquake in Japan was bad. B : The earthquake in Florida was __________.

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Lesson 3

(비교급

)

Let's Review! (Lesson 8) A : Bill is smart. B : Jill is ________________ . A : My dog is nice. B : My neighbor's cat is ______________ . A : My bike is expensive. B : My car is ____________ . A : Your sister is popular. B : My brother is _______________ .

"Comparatives II + than" A : Amy is smart. B : Billy is smarter than Amy. A : Lunch was cheap. B : Coffee was cheaper than lunch. A : The meeting was long. B : My class was longer than your meeting. A : You walk slow. B : You walk slower than I do. A : Your TV is loud. B : Your piano is louder than my TV.
Tips * 비교급 (~er than) 비교 가능한 두 개 중에서 묘사하는 표현입니다. than(~보다) 이후로 나오는 것은 비교당하는 것을 의미합니다. example) Tom은 Jane보다 큽니다. → Tom is taller than Jane.

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Exercise A : Amy is smart. B : Billy is ______________ than Amy. A : Lunch was cheap. B : Coffee was ________________. A : The meeting was long. B : My class was _________________. A : You walk slow. B : You walk ____________________. A : Your TV is loud. B : Your piano is ______________________. Practice Conversation A : Your house is nice. B : Your house is nicer than my house. A : Julia Roberts is beautiful. B : Catherine Zeta Jones is more beautiful than Julia Roberts. A : Starbucks coffee is expensive. B : Pascucci coffee is more expensive than Starbucks coffee (is). A : Jessica Simpson is popular. B : Brittney Spears is more popular than Jessica Simpson(is).

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Exercise A : Your house is nice. B : Your house is ____________________. A : Julia Roberts is beautiful. B : Catherine Zeta Jones is _______________________. A : Starbucks coffee is expensive. B : Pascucci coffee is _____________________ (is). A : Jessica Simpson is popular. B : Brittney Spears is _______________________(is). Practice Conversation A : Monet is famous. B : Picasso is more famous than Picasso (is). A : People in Seoul are friendly. B : People from a small town are friendlier than people in Seoul. A : John is a good singer. B : I am a better singer than John (is). A : The earthquake in Japan was bad. B : The earthquake in Florida was worse than the one (=earthquake) in Japan. Exercise A : John is a good singer. B : I am a ___________________________. A : The earthquake in Japan was bad. B : The earthquake in Florida was _________________________. A : Monet is famous. B : Picasso is ____________________________ (is). A : People in Seoul are friendly. B : People from a small town are ______________________.

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Lesson 4 Let's Review! A: Jack is slow. B: Jill is _______________. A: Dinner was expensive. B: Lunch was _____________. A: Your radio is loud. B: Your TV is ____________. A: The song was long. B: The music video is _____________.

(전화할 때

)

"Phone conversation I" A : Can you hear me okay? B : I can't hear you very well. Could you speak a little louder, please? A : When I speak too fast, you say….. B : Could you speak a little slower, please? A : When you need to hear again, you say… B : I am sorry. Could you repeat that, please? A : When you need to hear again, you also say… B : I am sorry. Could you say that again, please? A : When you need to do something quick, you say…. B : I am sorry. Could you hold on for a second, please?

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Tips *“please speak louder." 전화상으로, "크게 말씀해주세요." 라는 뜻으로, 같은 표현으로는, “please speak up."이라는 표현 많이 쓰입니다. * "please speak slower." - 전화상으로, "천천히 말씀해주세요." 라는 뜻입니다.

A : When you don't understand, you say…. B : I don't understand what you mean. Could you explain that? A : Then after you understand, you say……… B : I see. Thank you. Exercise A : When you can't hear, you say… B : I can't ______________________. Could you ___________________________, please? A : When I speak too fast, you say… B : _____________________________ ? A : When you need to hear again, you say… B : ______________________________? A : When you need to hear again, you also say… B : _______________________________? A : When you need to do something quick, you say… B : ___________. Could__________________________, please? A : When you don't understand, you say…. B : _________________________. Could ______________________________? A : Then after you understand, you say…. B : ______________. Thank you.

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Lesson 5

(전화할 때

)

Let's Review! A : When you can't hear, you say… B : I can't ____________________. Could you ____________________, please? A : Then after you understand, you say______ B : ______________. Thank you. A : When you need to hear again, you also say… B : _______________________________? A : When I speak too fast, you say… B : _____________________________ ?

"Phone conversation II" 1. No message A : Hello. May I speak to Kim? B : She is not in right now. Can I take a message? A : No, it is okay. I will call back. B : Okay. Bye. 2. To leave a message A : Hello. May I speak to Jane? B : She is not here right now. Can I take a message? A : Yes, please. This is Susan. My number is 234-5678. B : Let me confirm the number. It is 234-5678. A : That's correct. B : Okay! I will give her the message. A : Thank you. Bye. B : Bye.
Tips *“May I speak to Kim?" “Kim과 통화할 수 있을까요?” 라는 뜻으로, "may" 라는 단어를 쓰지 않으면 전화예의상 “please”를 꼭 쓰는 게 일반적입니다. 같이 쓰이는 표현들로는, 아래와 같습니다. “Is Kim there please?" "Can I speak to Kim, please?"

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Exercise A : Hello. May I speak to Kim? B : She _________________. Can __________________ ? A : No, it is okay. I will call back. B : ________. __________. A : Hello. May I speak to Jane? B : ________________________. ___________________________? A : Yes, please. This is Susan. My number is 234-5678. B : Let __________________. ________________ 234-5678. A : That's correct. B : _______. ________________________. A : Thank you. Bye. B : _________. 1. No message B : Hello. May ________________ James? A : He is not in right now. Can I take your message? B : That's okay. I __________. A : Okay. Bye!

2. To leave a message B : __________. ______________________ Simon? A : He is not here right now. Can I take a message? B : Yes, _______. I am ___________. _______________ is 234-3456. A : Let me confirm. It is 234-3456. B : That's correct. A : Okay. I will give him the message. B : ____________. _________ A : Bye.

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Lesson 6 Let's Review! 1. No message A : Hello. May I speak to Kim? B : She is not __________. Can I _____________? A : No, it is okay. I will call back. B : Okay. Bye. 2. To leave a message A : Hello. May I speak to Jane?

(전화할 때

)

B : She is not ______________. _________________________? A : Yes, please. This is Susan. My number is 234-5678. B : ______________________. ________________ 234-5678. A : That's correct. B : Okay! I will __________________. A : Thank you. Bye. B : Bye. "Phone conversation II" 1. Talking on the other line A : Hello. Is (student's name) there? B : _____________. A : Hi, ( B : Hey, ( )! It is ( )! ).
Tips *“Are you okay to talk? "말하기 괜찮습니까?” 전화통화가 가능한지를 물어보는 표현입니다. 같은 뜻으로, “Is it a good time to talk?" "Are you available to talk?" 등이 있습니다.

A : Can you talk right now? B : _______________________________ in ten minutes? _________________ other line. A : Sure. B : Sorry. I _______________________. A : Okay. Bye. B : _______.

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2. Talking on the phone with someone you don't know A : Hello. Is Jane there? B : ______________________. Who __________? A : My name is Brian. Could you have her call me? B : ___________have _______________? A : Yes, she does. B : Okay. I______________________________________. . A : Thanks. Bye. B : Bye. 3. On the other line B : Hello. Is _______________________? A : This is she/he. A : Hi, ( B : Hey, ( ). It is ( ) ).

B : ____________ okay _____________________? A : Can I call you back in ten minutes. I am on the other line. B : Sure. A : Sorry. I will call you right back. B : _________. _______________. B : _____________ Exercise B : Hello. _____ Jane _________? A : She is not in right now. Who is this? B : My name is ______. _________________________? A : Does she have your number? B : Yes, _____________. A : Okay. I will tell her you called. B : ________. Bye. A : Bye.

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Lesson 7 (어떤 종류의 음악을 좋아하세요?) Let's Review! - Talking on the phone with someone you don't know. A : Hello. Is Jane there? B : _____________________. Who ________________? A : My name is Bob. Could you have her call me? B : _______________have__________________? A : Yes, she does. B : Okay. I ______________________________. A : Thanks. Bye. B : Bye.

“music and singers" A : What kind of music do you like? B : I like jazz. A : Who is your favorite singer? B : I like Richard Marx. B : What about you? What kind of music do you like? A : I like classics. B : Who is your favorite musician? A : I like Chopin. A : Do you like Celine Dion? B : Yes and no. I think she is a great singer, but there is something about her I don't like

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A : I know. She has great songs, but she is too dramatic for me. B : Yeah, for sure. A : Do you like Britney Spears? B : No, I don't. Her music is too young for my taste. Exercise A : Do you like Celine Dion? B : Yes _______. I think ________________________, but __________________________. A : I know. She has great songs, but she is too dramatic for me. B : Yeah, _____________. A : Do you like Britney Spears? B : No, I don't. Her music is ________________________. A : I know. I am tired of hearing about her personal life. B : Yeah, really. ____________________________. Asking questions B : __________________ Celine Dion? A : Yes and no. I think she is a great singer, but there is something about her I don't like B : _______. She has great songs, but ____________________________ . A : Yeah, for sure. B : __________________ Britney Spears? A : No, I don't. Her music is too young for my taste. B : _________. I am ______________________________________. A : Yeah, really. It is never about music with her.

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About me A : Who is your favorite singer? B : __________________. A : And why? B : __________________.

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Lesson 8 Let's Review! A : What kind of music do you like? B : I like ( ).

(할아버지, 할머니)

A : Who is your favorite singer? B : I like ( ).

B : What about you? What ______________________? A : I like ( ).

B : Who______________________? A : I like ( ).

Useful English Expressions On my mom's side : 외가 On my father's side : 친가 Pass away = die (돌아가시다. “죽다“의 높임말)

Dialogue 1 A : Are your grandparents alive? B : My grandparents on my father's side have all passed away. My grandparents on my mom's side are all alive. A : Do you live with them? B : No, they live by themselves. A : Are you close to your grandparents? B : Not really. I didn't see them much when I was growing up. A : Do they have a lot of grandchildren? B : Actually, they do. There are 9 of us.

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Exercise A : Are your grandparents alive? B : My grandparents ______ my father's _____ have all ________________. __________________________ all alive. A : Do you live with them? B : No, they _________________. A : Are you close to your grandparents? B : Not ________. I didn't see them much ____________________. A : Do they have a lot of grandchildren? B : Actually, ________. _______________ 9 ______. Asking questions B : Are ___________________? A : My grandparents on my father's side have all passed away. My grandparents on my mom's side are all alive. B : Do you _________________? A : No, they live by themselves. B : Are you ______________________? A : Not really. I didn't see them much when I was growing up. B : Do they _______________ grandchildren? A : Actually, they do. There are 9 of us.

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Dialogue 2 B : How about you? Are all your grandparents alive? A : My father's parents passed away a long time ago. My grandmother on my mom's side is the only one alive. B : Are you close to her? A : Yes, I am. She raised me because my mom worked. She still lives with my parents. B : That's nice. Is your mother the only daughter? A : No. I have an uncle, but he lives in China. B : I think it is great that your parents take care of her. A : I think so. I will take care of my parents when they get old, too. Asking questions B : _____________ you? Are all ___________________? A : My father's parents passed away a long time ago. My grandmother on my mom's side is the only one alive. B : Are _______________? A : Yes, I am. She raised me because my mom worked. She still lives with my parents. B : That's nice. Is your mother ____________________? A : No. I have an uncle, but he lives in China. B : I think _____________ that your parents _________________. A : I think so. I will take care of my parents when they get old, too.

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Exercise A : How about you? Are all your grandparents alive? B : My father's parents _______________________. My grandmother on my mom's side _______________. A : Are you close to her? B : Yes, I am. ________________because my mom worked. She still __________my parents. A : That's nice. Is your mother the only daughter? B : No. I have an uncle, but ______________ China. A : I think it is great that your parents take care of her. B : I _________. I ___________________________________, too.

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Lesson 9

(대화)

Useful English Expressions

Prefer (A) - like (A), more than (B) 두 개 중에 하나를 선택하는 말로, “(A)를 (B)보다 더 좋아하다.” 라는 말이다. 같은 표현으로 choose over, pick, select 등이 있다.

Tips *would will의 과거이며, 보통 will 의 품격 있는 표현으로 현재형으로 더 많이 쓰인다.

“Dialogue 1" A : Would you choose money or love? B : I would choose _________. A : Would you choose friendship or love? B : I would choose _______. A : Would you choose fame or power? B : I would choose ___________. Asking questions B : (money vs. love) Would you choose money or love? A : I would choose ___________ B : (money vs. fame) _________________________? A : I would choose__________. B : (friendship vs. love) ______________________? A : I would choose_______.

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B : (a motorcycle vs. an automobile) ___________________? A : I would choose___________. B : (watching TV vs. shopping) _____________________? A : I would choose_____. B : (a beautiful person vs. a rich person)__________________? A : I would choose______. Exercise A : What would you choose between money and love? B : I would choose _________. A : What would you choose between friendship and love? B : I would choose _______. B : (money vs. love) What would you choose between money and love? A : I would choose ________ B : (money vs. fame) What would you choose _________________? A : I would choose__________. B : (friendship vs. love) __________________________love ______ friendship? A : I would choose_______. B : (a motorcycle vs. an automobile) __________________________? A : I would choose___________. B : (watching TV vs. shopping) _____________________________? A : I would choose_____. B : (a beautiful person vs. a rich person)_________________________? A : I would choose______.

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“Dialogue 1" A : Do you look like your father or mother? B : I look like my mother. A : Who do you look like? B : I look like my mother. A : Do you look like your father, too? B : A little bit, but I look more like my mother. A : Does your brother look like your father or mother? B : He looks just like my father. A : Who does your brother look like? B : He looks just like my father. A : Does your brother look like your mother? B : A little bit, but he looks more like my father. Exercise A : Do you look like your father or mother? B : I ________________ my mother. A : Who do you look like? B : _____________________. A : Do you look like your father, too? B : A _________, but I look __________________ my mother.
Tips *look like : ~인 것 같아요.

A : Does your brother look like your father or mother? B : He ________________ my father.

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A : Who does your brother look like? B : ____________________ my father. A : Does your brother look like your mother? B : ___________, but he __________________ my father. Asking questions B : _________________your father or mother? A : I look like my mother. B : Who ______________? A : I look like my mother. B : ___________________ your father, too? A : A little bit, but I look more like my mother. B : _______ your brother _________ your father or mother? A : He looks just like my father. B : ________________your brother ____________? A : He looks just like my father. B : ________ your brother ________ your mother? A : A little bit, but he looks more like my father.

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“Dialogue 2" A : Do you get your looks from your father or mother? B : I look more like my mother. A : Who do you get your looks from? B : I look more like my mother. A : Does your brother get his looks from your father or mother? B : He looks more like my father. A : Who does your brother get his looks from? B : He looks more like my father. Exercise A : Do you get your looks from your father or mother? B : ____________________ my mother. A : Who do you get your looks from? B : _______________________________. A : Does your brother get his looks from your father or mother? B : He ______________ my father. A : Who does your brother get his looks from? B : _________________________ . Asking questions B : Do you ___________ your father or mother? A : I look more like my mother. B : Who ________________ from? A : I look more like my mother.

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B : _________ your brother _______________ your father or mother? A : He looks more like my father. B : _____________ your brother _______________ from? A : He looks more like my father.

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Lesson 10

(아빠처럼, 아들처럼)

Useful English Expressions
how come? = why? completely = fully = 100% be known for (=be famous for) : ~로 유명하다 hot-tempered : 화를 잘 내는

“Dialogue 1" A : Do you know what "like father, like son" means? B : I think so. A : Can you explain what that means? B : No way. I know what it means, but I can't explain it. A : We say that when a son is acting like his father. B : Can you give me an example? A : Sure. If a father is a teacher and his son wants to be a teacher, we can say “like father, like son.” B : I completely understand that now. Exercise A : Do you know what "like father, like son" means? B : _________ so. A : Can you explain what that means? B : No way. I know ________________, but I _____________. A: We say that when a son is acting like his father. B: __________________ an example? A: Sure. If a father is a teacher and his son wants to be a teacher, we can say “like

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father, like son.” B: I _________________ that now. Asking questions B : Do you know _______________________? A : I think so. B : Can you ___________________? A : No way. I know what it means, but I can't explain. B : We say that when __________________ his father. A : Can you give me an example? B : _____. _____________________ and his son wants to be a teacher, _____________. A : I completely understand that now. “Dialogue 2" A : I have to go home early today. My father is in a bad mood. B : How come? A : He and my brother had a huge argument last night. They both are so hot-tempered. B : You know what they say, " Like father like son." Exercise A : I have to go home early today. My father is in a bad mood. B : ___________? A : He and my brother had a huge argument last night. They both are so hot-tempered. B : ____________________ say, " _________________"

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Asking questions B : I ____________________ early today. My father is ________________. A : How come? B : He and my brother ________________ last night. They ____________________. A : You know what they say, " Like father like son." Useful English Expressions

work out (=exercise) : 운동하다 to do cardio (vascular) exercise : 유산소 운동을 하다 lift weights : 근력 운동을 하다 gym (=health club) : 운동 하는 곳

A : Do you work out? B : Yes, I do. A : How often do you work out? B : I try to work out four times a week. A : What kind of exercises do you do? B : I lift weights and do cardio. A : What's cardio? B : It means all the exercises for your heart, like running and treadmills. A : I see. Where do you work out? B : I go to the gym near my house. A : Do you enjoy working out? B : I get lazy sometimes. But I feel so much better after I work out.

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Exercise A : Do you work out? B : Yes, ________ . A : How often do you work out? B : I try __________________ four times __________. A : What kind of exercises do you do? B : I _________________________. A : What's cardio? B : It means _______________________, ______________ treadmills. A : I see. Where do you work out? B : I go to ____________________. A : Do you enjoy working out? B : I ____________________ sometimes. But I ___________________ after _____________. Asking questions B : Do ________________? A : Yes, I do. B : How _____________________? A : I try to work out four times a week.

B : What kind _________________________? A : I lift weights and do cardio.

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B : What's __________? A : It means all the exercises for your heart, like running and treadmills. B : I see. Where ________________? A : I go to the gym near my house. B : (enjoy) ____________________? A : I get lazy sometimes. But I feel so much better after I work out.

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Lesson 11

(~해본 적 있으세요? : 현재완료)

"Going to the US" A : Have you gone to the US? (=Have you been to the US?) B : No, I haven't. I would like to go there someday. A : Have you been to the US? B : Yes, I have. I went there last year. A : What cities have you gone to in the US? B : I've gone to New York, Los Angeles and Chicago.

Tips * 현재완료 : have / has + past participle (P.P) (=과거분사) 현재완료는 이전부터 현재까지 일어난 일을 나타내기 위한 것으로 중요한 것은, 어디까지나 현재의 상태를 나타내는데 있다.

am- was - been are - were - been

is - was - been go - went - gone

Exercise A : Which one was your favorite? B : __________ Chicago the best. __________________________ A : What about New York? B : I liked New York. I loved ___________________________. A : What about LA? Did you like LA, too? B : I liked LA, too. I __________________________________. A : Have you gone to the US? (=Have you been to the US?) B : No, ______________. I would _____________________.

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A : Have you been to the US? B : Yes, _________. _________________ last year. A : What cities have you gone to in the US? B : _______________________ New York, Los Angeles and Chicago. A : Which one was your favorite? B : __________ Chicago the best. __________________________ A : What about New York? B : I liked New York. I loved ___________________________. A : What about LA? Did you like LA, too? B : I liked LA, too. I __________________________________.

Tips * 과거형과 현재완료의 다른 점은? - 과거형은 과거의 어떤 시점의 일을 설명한다. example) I lost a key. (나는 열쇠를 잃어버렸다.) ->과거에 잃어버렸다는 사실만 얘기하고, 현재 그 잃어버린 열쇠를 다시 찾았는지, 찾지 못했는지 알 수 없다. - 현재완료형은 과거부터 현재까지 일어난 일을 나타낸다. example) I have lost a key. (나는 열쇠를 잃어버렸다.) ->과거에 열쇠를 잃어버려서 현재 그 열쇠가 없음을 뜻한다. 현재완료는 과거사실과 현재가 관련이 있고, 현재에 초점을 둔다.

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Asking questions "example" B : Have you been to the US? A : Yes, I have. B : Did you like the US? I want to go there someday. B : __________________ to England? A : Yes, I have. B : _______________________? ________________________. B : _____________________ to Italy? A : Yes, I have. B : __________________ to __________? A : Yes, I have. B : _______________________? ________________________. B : __________________ to __________? A : Yes, I have. B : _______________________? ________________________.

A : Have you been to the US? B : Yes, _________. _________________ last year. A : What cities have you gone to in the US? B : _______________________ New York, Los Angeles and Chicago. A : Which one was your favorite? B : __________ Chicago the best. __________________________ A : What about New York? B : I liked New York. I loved _____________________.

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Tips * 현재완료 : have / has + past participle (P.P)

am- was - been are - were - been gain - gained - gained

is - was - been lose - lost - lost try - tried - tried

Tips * "no kidding" : "그래 맞아. 라는 강한긍정의 뜻이 있다. 같은 표현으로는 “That's right.” 이나 “seriously"가 있다.

"Diet"

A : Have you lost weight? You look thinner. B : Really? I have been trying to lose weight. A : How much weight are you trying to lose? B : I would be happy to lose 5 kilograms. A : No kidding. I would be happy to lose 1 kilogram. B : I know. It is so difficult to lose weight. Useful English Expressions

won't ...will not 의 줄인 말이다. go on a diet...다이어트 중에 있다. lose weight ...체중을 감량하다. gain weight ...체중이 늘다. watch what I eat... you can say that again...

Exercise

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A : Have you lost weight? B : ______? I ____________________________. A : How much weight are you trying to lose? B : I ____________happy ___________ 5 kilograms. A : No kidding. I would be happy to lose 1 kilogram. B : _________. I know. It is so difficult to lose weight. Asking questions B : Have _______________________? A : No, I haven't yet. But I have been trying to. B : How much _____________________________? A : I would be happy to lose 5 kilograms. B : ___________. _________________________1 kilogram. A : I know. It is so difficult to lose weight. "Stress" A : How are you? B : I am stressed. A : Why are you stressed? B : I have gained so much weight over the holiday. I need to go on a diet. A : How much weight have you gained? B : Are you kidding me? I won't tell you how much weight I've gained. A : Don't worry. You look good. B : I wish I could believe that. A : Come on. Cheer up. B : Thanks.

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Exercise A : How are you? B : _________________. A : Why are you stressed? B : ______________________ over the holiday. I need to _____________. A : How much weight have you gained? B : ___________________ me? I _______________________________. A : Don't worry. You look good. B : ________ I could believe that. A : Come on. Cheer up. B : ____________. Asking questions B : How are you? A : I am stressed. B : ________________________? A : I have gained so much weight over the holiday. I need to go on a diet. B : How much ____________________? A : Are you kidding me? I won't tell you how much weight I've gained. B : _________________. ___________________. A : I wish I could believe that. B : _____________. _________________. A : Thanks.

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Lesson 12 Let's Review! A : Why are you stressed?

(결혼하셨나요?)

B : ________________________over the holiday. I need to _____________. A : How much weight have you gained? B : __________________ me? I ___________________. A : Don't worry. You look good. B : ________ I can believe that. A : Come on. Cheer up! B : ______________.

Useful English Expressions
Have been married : 결혼을 했다 Get married : 결혼 하다 Have been divorced : 이혼을 했다 Get divorced : 이혼하다 plan on ~ing : ~ 할 계획이다

“Dialogue 1" A : Are you married? B : Yes, I am. A : How long have you been married? B : I have been married for 3 years. A : When did you get married? B : I got married in July, 3 years ago.

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Exercise A : Are you married? B : Yes, _______. A : How long have you been married? B : _____________________ for 3 years. A : When did you get married? B : ________________ July, 3 years ago. Asking questions B : ________________? A : Yes, I am. B : How ______________________? A : I have been married for 3 years. B : When __________________? A : I got married in July, 3 years ago. “Dialogue 2" A : Are you married? B : No, __________. A : Have you ever been married? B : No, I haven't. A : Do you want to get married someday? B : Someday.

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Asking questions B : Are _______________? A : No, I am not. B : Have _____________________? A : No, I haven't. B : _____________________________ someday? A : Someday. “Dialogue 3" A : Are you married? B : No, I am not. A : Have you ever been married? B : Yes, I have. I was married for 10 years, but I got divorced. A : How long have you been divorced? B : I have been divorced for two years. A : When did you get divorced? B : I got divorced two years ago. A : Do you plan on getting remarried someday? B : No way, never again! / Maybe someday! Exercise A : Are you married? B : No, I am not. A : Have you ever been married? B : Yes,______________. I ______________________ 10 years, but I got divorced.

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A : How long have you been divorced? B : ____________________for two years. A : When did you get divorced? B : I ____________________two years ago. A : Do you plan on getting remarried someday? B : No way, _____________./ Maybe someday! Asking questions B : Are _______________? A : No, I am not. B : Have _____________________? A : Yes, I have. I was married for 10 years, but I got divorced. B : How long ____________________? A : I have been divorced for two years. B : When did ___________________? A : I got divorced two years ago. B : Do you plan _____________________someday? A : No way! Never again. / Maybe someday!

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Lesson 13 Let's Review! A : Are you married? B : No, I am not. A : Have you ever been married?

(휴가 계획짜기)

B : Yes,______________. I _________________ 10 years, but I got divorced. A : How long have you been divorced? B : ____________________for two years.

Useful English Expressions
shop around : ~여러 곳의 가격을 비교하다. take one's advice : 충고를 듣다. climbing mountains = rock climbing : 암벽 등반 hiking : going to the mountain by walk a half of the battle : the most difficult part

A : Have you planned your summer vacation yet? B : I haven't yet. I am thinking about going to Europe. A : How long is your vacation? B : I have a two-week vacation. A : Have you been to Europe before? B : Yes, I have. I went there when I was _________. (or) No, I haven't. This is exciting. A : You should call several travel agencies and see if they have any good package deals. B : You are right. I should shop around.

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A : You can also find a great deal on the internet. B : Yeah, I think I will take your advice. Exercise A : Have you planned your summer vacation yet? B : ________ yet. _________________________ to Europe. A : How long is your vacation? B : __________ a two-week__________. A : Have you been to Europe before? B : ______________________________________________. A : You should call several travel agencies and see if they have any good package deals. B : You are right. I ________________. A : You can also find a great deal on the internet. B : Yeah, I ________________________. Asking questions B : Have _________________________? A : I haven't yet. I am thinking about going to Europe. B : How long _______________? A : I have a two-week vacation. B : ____________ Europe before? A : Yes, I have. I went there when I was in college. B : (advice to shop around) You ________________ and see _____________________. A : You are right. I should shop around.

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B : ______________________________ on the internet. A : Yeah, I think I will take your advice. Practice Conversation A : How was your weekend? B : It was pretty good. I went hiking with my hiking club. A : Wow! How often do you do that? B : We meet twice a month. A : How long have you been doing that? B : I have been a member for just about two years. A : Do you like hiking? B : Yes, I love it. You feel peaceful and relaxed in the mountain. Of course, it is a great exercise, but it is even better for the spirit. A : That sounds good. I just get lazy on weekends. B : Leaving the house is a half of the battle. That's why you have to do it with others. A : Wow, I want to join. B : I think you should. Exercise A : How was your weekend? B : It ______________________. I _________________________ my hiking club. A : Wow! How often do you do that? B : (2 times per month) ____________________. A : How long have you been doing that/? B : I _________________________________ just about two years.

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A : Do you like hiking? B : Yes, I love it. You _______________________________ in the mountain. Of course, it is a great exercise, but _____________________________. A : That sounds good. I just get lazy on weekends. B : Leaving the house ____________________. That's ________________ with others. A : Wow, I want to join. B : ____________________. Asking questions B : ________________ weekend? A : It was pretty good. I went hiking with my hiking club. B : Wow! ______________________? A : We meet twice a month. B : __________________________ doing that/? A : I have been a member for just about two years. B : Do _________________? A : Yes, I love it. You feel peaceful and relaxed in the mountain. Of course, it is a great exercise, but it is even better for the spirit. B : That sounds good. I __________________on weekends. A : Leaving the house is a half of the battle. That's why you have to do it with others. B : Wow, I _________________. A : I think you should.

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Lesson 14 Let's Review! A : Do you like James? B : I can't stand him. A : Do you like fish. B : _________________ A : Do you like dancing? B : ___________________

(당신의 휴가는 어땠나요?)

Useful English Expressions
peel off : 껍질이 벗겨지다 be known for (=be famous for) : ~로 유명하다 at least : 적어도

A : Where have you been? I haven't seen you for a while. B : I was on vacation for a week. A : Where did you go? B : I went to the East Sea. A : How was your vacation? B : I had a good time. But the beaches were so crowded and things were expensive. A : How was the water? B : It was good. The East Sea is known for clear and deep water. A : Who did you go with? B : I went with my family. A : You got a tan. B : I got a sunburn, too. My back is peeling off.

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A : Ouch! Put some aloe vera on. B : I already did. A : At least, you had a good time. B : I sure did. Exercise A : Where have you been? I haven't seen you for a while. B : ___________________ a week. A : Where did you go? B : ______________ East Sea. A : How was your vacation? B : I had a good time. But __________________ crowded and _____________ expensive. A : How was the water? B : It was good. The East Sea ________________________ water. A : Who did you go with? B : _____________________. A : You got a tan. B : ___________________, too. My back______________________. A : Ouch! Put some aloe vera on. B : __________________. A : At least, you had a good time. B : ________________.

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Asking questions B : ___________________________? I _______________________ for a while. A : I was on vacation for a week. B : _____________________? A : I went to the East Sea. B : How ____________________? A : I had a good time. But the beaches were so crowded and things were expensive. B : ____________________ the water? A : It was good. The East Sea is known for clear and deep water. B : Who _________________? A : I went with my family. B : __________ tan. A : I got a sunburn, too. My back is peeling off. B : ________! __________ aloe vera ____. A : I already did. B : ___________, ______________ a good time. A : I sure did.

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Lesson 15 (나쁜 습관을 가지고 있나요?) Let's Review! A : I have to go home early today. My father is in a bad mood. B : ___________? A : He and my brother had a huge argument last night. They both are so hot-tempered. B : ____________________ say, " _________________"

Useful English Expressions
from time to time : 때때로, 수시로 old habits die hard : 오래된 버릇은 잘 없어지지 않는다. cut in line : 새치기하다 annoying : 짜증나는

A : Do you have any bad habits? B : I smoke. A : Have you tried to quit? B : I've tried from time to time, but it is hard. A : I know. You know what they say. Old habits die hard. B : That is so true. B : What about you? Do you have any bad habits? A : I chew my nails when I get nervous. B : A lot of people do that. A : Yeah, I hate showing my hands to other people.

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A : What bad habits do people have in public? B : I hate people cutting in line. A : That's annoying. B : I also hate people talking so loud on the subway. Exercise A : Do you have any bad habits? B : I smoke. A : Have you tried to quit? B : ___________________, but it is hard. A : I know. You know what they say. Old habits die hard. B : That is __________. B : What _____________? Do you _____________________? A : I chew my nails when I get nervous. B : A lot _________________. A : Yeah, I hate showing my hands to other people. A : What bad habits do people have in public? B : I hate people _____________. A : That's annoying. B : I _______________________on the subway. Asking questions B : Do _____________________? A : I smoke.

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B : Have ___________________? A : I've tried from time to time, but it is hard. B : I know. You know _________________. ___________________. A : That is so true. A : What about you? Do you have any bad habits? B : I chew my nails ___________________. A : A lot of people do that. B : Yeah, I _____________________ to other people. B : What bad habits ____________________ in public? A : I hate people cutting in line. B : That's ______________. A : I also hate people talking so loud on the subway.

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Let's Review! A : Do you have any bad habits? B : I smoke. A : Have you tried to quit? B : ___________________, but it is hard. A : I know. You know what they say. Old habits die hard. B : That is __________.

Useful English Expressions
mutual friend : 둘 다 아는 친구 to tell the truth : 솔직히 말하자면

A : Do you have a boyfriend? B : Yes, I do. A : How long have you two been dating? B : We have been dating for two years. A : How did you two meet? B : We had a mutual friend. A : What do you like about him? B : He has a great sense of humor. A : What kind of men do you like? B : I like someone who is tall. A : Does he have to be rich? B : It would be nice but not important.

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A : Are looks important? B : To tell you the truth, looks are important at the beginning. Exercise A : Do you have a boyfriend? B : Yes, I do. A : How long have you two been dating? B : We ___________________ two years. A : How did you two meet? B : We ________________________. A : What do you like about him? B : He has ___________________. A : What kind of men do you like? B : I like __________________ tall. A : Does he have to be rich? B : It would ____________ but ________________. A : Are looks important? B : ______________, looks are __________________. Asking questions B : Do you ____________________? A : Yes, I do. B : How long _______________________? A : We have been dating for two years.

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B : How did ___________________? A : We had a mutual friend. B : What _____________________? A : He has a great sense of humor. B : ______________________ do you like? A : I like someone who is tall. B : ___________________ rich? A : It would be nice but not important. B : (looks) ___________________? A : To tell you the truth, looks are important at the beginning.

Useful English Expressions
lottery (=lotto) : 복권 the poor (=poor people) : 가난한 사람들 be jealous : 부러워하다

“Dialogue 1" A : One of my co-workers won the lottery. B : Oh, my god. I am so jealous. A : I know. If you won the lottery, what would you do with the money? B : I would take a trip to Europe. A : What would you do after your trip? B : I would buy a big house. Then I would put the rest of the money in the bank. A : Would you stay at your job after you won the lottery? B : No way. I would have fun all the time.

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A : Would you share the money with anyone? B : I would give my parents some money. I would also give some to the poor. Exercise A : One of my co-workers won the lottery. B : Oh, ________________. I _______________. A : I know. If you won the lottery, what would you do with the money? B : I would _________________ to Europe. A : What would you do after your trip? B : _____________ a big house. Then I ______________________ in the bank. A : Would you stay at your job after you won the lottery? B : ___________. I would ______________ fun all the time. A : Would you share the money with anyone? B : I would ___________________. I would also give some _________________. Asking questions B : One ___________________the lottery. A : Oh, my god. I am so jealous. B : I know. If ________________, ____________________ that money? A : I would take a trip to Europe. B : ___________________ after your trip? A : I would buy a big house. Then I would put the rest of the money in the bank. B : ______________________ after you __________________? A : No way. I would have fun all the time.

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B : Would you ____________________with anyone? A : I would give my parents some money. I would also give some to the poor. “Dialogue 2" A : Have you known anyone who won the lottery? B : No, I haven't. A : If you won the lottery, would it change your life? B : I imagine so. A : I would be scared if I won the lottery. I would be uncomfortable having that big of a change. B : It would be somewhat scary but nice. Exercise A : Have you known anyone who won the lottery? B : No, _______________. A : If you won the lottery, would it change your life? B : I _______________. A : I would be scared if I won the lottery. I would be uncomfortable having that big of a change. B : It would __________________________. Asking questions B : Have you ________________________ the lottery? A : No, I haven't. B : If you _____________________, would it ___________________? A : I imagine so.

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B : I ________________ if I won the lottery. I would be uncomfortable _________________. A : It would be somewhat scary but nice. About me Have you thought about winning the lottery? What would you do with the money?

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Fun English Training 즐거운 영어 회화 기초 Step1 Step2 초급 Step3 Step4 중급 Step5 Step6 고급 Step7 Step8

Business English 글로벌 비즈니스맨을 위한 영어 회화 Step1 Step2

글로벌 감각과 시사 토론을 위한 영자 신문 회화

주니어 회화 Level1 Level2 Level3 Level4

TOEFL Speaking iBT Speaking 시험 대비

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