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Fun English Training 즐거운 영어 회화 에듀인 지음 홈페이지 www.eduinto.com 주 팩 소 : 서울시 양천구 목1동 현대하이페리온Ⅱ 206-3901 스 : 02)2640-0670 대표전화 : 02)745-7333 허가없이 이 교재의 일부 또는 전부를 무단 복제 전재 발췌 할 수 없습니다. (주)에듀인애스크

현대는 지구촌의 많은 사람들이 이룩해 놓은 그 무엇들을 먼저 찾고 공유하는 정보 경쟁시대입니다. 그래서 반드시 영어가 필요한 시대이기도 합니다.

우리는 영어 공부는 하고자 노력은 하지만, 바쁜 생활 속에서 영어를 듣고 말할 기회를 갖기는 쉽지 않습니다. 에듀인은 전화와 화상 솔루션을 통하여 한국에서 영어를 듣고 말할 수 있도록 해 드리고 있습니다. 에듀인에서 지구촌을 경험해보시기 바랍니다.

자! 이제 여유를 갖으시고, 특히 처음 접하시는 회원 분들께서는 발음.단어.문장 등 잘못하지 않을까 긴장하고 걱정하지 마세요!! 틀리면 어떻습니까? 원어민이 아닌 이상 틀릴 수 있는 것이 정상입니다.

문화를 이해하고 즐긴다는 생각으로 도전해보시기 바랍니다. 에듀인은 더욱 편리하고, 재미있는 영어 듣고 말하기를 위해 지속 노력 발전해 나가겠습니다.

Contents
Lesson 1 What is the house specialty? Lesson 2 We went fishing
이 집의 전문 요리는 무엇이지요?

․․․․․․․․

3

우리는 낚시에 갔었다

․․․․․․․․ 10 ․․․․․․․․ 15 ․․․․․․․․ 21 ․․․․․․․․ 28 ․․․․․․․․ 34 ․․․․․․․․ 41 ․․․․․․․․ 48 ․․․․․․․․ 55 ․․․․․․․․ 61 ․․․․․․․․ 66 ․․․․․․․․ 69 ․․․․․․․․ 74 ․․․․․․․․ 78 ․․․․․․․․ 82

Lesson 3 I spilled coffee on my coat 나는 내 코트에 커피를 흘렸다 Lesson 4 James studies French Lesson 5 I will go mountain climbing Lesson 6 Please don't bother me Lesson 7 You look so depressed Lesson 8 They are sweet and juicy Lesson 9 It took long to get here Lesson 10 I was playing tennis Lesson 11 My sister is a pharmacist Lesson 12 Have you been on a kayak? 제임스는 프랑스어를 공부한다 나는 등산을 갈 것이다 제발 귀찮게 하지 마세요 당신은 매우 우울해 보입니다 그것들은 달콤하고 쥬시하다 여기까지 오는데 오래 걸렸다 나는 테니스를 치고 있었다 내 여동생은 약사 이다 카약을 타 본 적이 있습니까? 내 그랜드 피아노는 크다 각 개개인이 한 집단을 만든다 복습

Lesson 13 My grand piano is big! Lesson 14 Each individual makes up a group

Lesson 15 Review

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Lesson 1 (이 집의 전문 요리는 무엇이지요?) "Dining out"

Waiter: Good evening sir. Here is the menu. Customer: Good evening. It’s my first time here, what would you recommend? Waiter: Our house specialty is chicken. You will find that most of our dishes here are exceptionally good, but if you ask me, I must recommend our Rosemary Chicken. Customer: How is it prepared? Waiter: It is marinated in a special marinade, and rubbed with garlic and dried rosemary and oven-baked to perfection. Customer: That sounds good. I think I’ll have that. And I would also like to get a side-order of mashed potatoes and a glass of white wine please. Waiter: Which wine would you prefer sir, we have a wide selection of white wines. Customer: Oh, whichever would go best with the chicken would be fine with me. Waiter: Okay sir. Will there be anything else? Customer: Oh no, nothing more, thank you. Waiter: All right sir, I’ll be back to serve your dinner. Customer: Oh, wait. I almost forgot. Do you accept Visa cards? Waiter: Yes, sir. We accept all major credit cards. I assume you will be paying with your Visa card? Customer: Yes, I will. Thank you very much, you give very good service. Waiter: It’s my pleasure sir!

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Vocabulary

recommend : 추천하다, 권하다 marinated : marinade에 절인 selection : 선발, 선택 accept : 받아들이다, 수락하다 Exercise

specialty : 전문, 전공 perfection : 완성, 완벽 pleasure : 기쁨, 즐거움 assume : 짐짓 가장하다

exceptionally : 예외적인, 보통이 아닌rosemary : (허브)로즈마리 marinade : (식초나 포도주에 향료를 넣은 양념)

A: What is the house specialty of the restaurant? B: _________________________________________. A: What did the waiter recommend to the customer? B: _________________________________________. A: What side-order did the customer order? B: _________________________________________. A: What credit card will the customer use? B: _________________________________________. A: What time of day did this conversation take place? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: Do you like dining out? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you usually order when dining out? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Which do you prefer? Chicken, pork or beef? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you like wine? Why or why not? B: _________________________________________. A: Should we be courteous to waiters and other restaurant employees when we dine out? Why? B: _________________________________________.

"Favorite Holiday"

Lois:

I am so excited. It’s Christmas time once more!

Clark: I take it you like Christmas. Lois: Who doesn’t? Don’t tell me…are you the Christmas Grinch? It’s just that I like Halloween better.

Clark: Of course not. Lois:

Halloween? You are only in it for the candy! But I really enjoy wearing costumes as well. You really

Clark: Naturally I enjoy the candy. Lois:

Ah yes, I remember your Jack Sparrow costume last October. made the girls swoon. You were so authentic!

Clark: I enjoyed that a lot. Lois: That would be hard!

Maybe next year I can go as The Flying Dutchman. I can’t imagine how you could pull that off.

Clark: Well what about you…why do you enjoy Christmas? Lois: It’s the season for giving! I love making my Christmas list and picking

out presents. I especially like wrapping the presents and seeing the faces of my friends when they open the gifts. Clark: Am I on your Christmas list this year? Lois: Naturally! You know, Christmas is also such a spiritual occasion. up every time I think about it. Clark: There you go being silly again…you’re such a girl! I tear

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Vocabulary

excited : 흥분된, 들뜬상태의 wearing : 입을수 있는 costume : 복장, 의상 wrapping : 포장, 쌈 occasion : 경우, 때, 기회 Exercise A: What was Clark’s favorite holiday? B: _________________________________________. A: What was his costume last Halloween? B: _________________________________________. A: Why does Clark enjoy Halloween? B: _________________________________________. A: What was Lois’ favorite holiday? B: _________________________________________. A: Why does she enjoy Christmas? B: _________________________________________. authentic : 확실한, 진짜의 spiritual : 정신의, 정신적인

About me

A: What is your favorite holiday? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you like about Halloween? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you like about Christmas? B: _________________________________________.

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A: What is your favorite Halloween costume? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you like getting presents? B: _________________________________________.

"Who is your role model?"

Jack: Did you finish your essay about "role models" yet? Jillian: Not yet, I’m still working on it. How about you, are you done? Jack: Yes, I wrote all about Michael Jordan. The best basketball player ever! Jillian: Really? Why did you choose him? Jack: Aside from being a great basketball player, he has the determination and the drive to achieve success. He is a very admirable person. Jillian: Oh, I see. Well, my role model is Mahatma Gandhi. His real name is Mohandas K. Gandhi. He is an Indian political leader who expressed himself through non-violent resistance. He was the defender of the rights of the Indian masses. "great soul." Jack: Wow, that’s really great material to work on. I’m sure you have so much to write about him. Why aren’t you finished yet? Jillian: That’s just it, he has done so much for his country and it’s people that I do not know where to start! Jack: I wish I could help you, but right now I still have to do my Chemistry homework. You better hurry with that essay, or you’ll be way behind in all our other assignments. Jillian: Oh, it’s okay. I’m done with everything except this. Jack: Okay, see you in school tomorrow then. Jillian: Okay, see you! He received the title of Mahatma which means

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Vocabulary essay : 수필, 평론 achieve : 이루다, 달성하다 admirable : 감탄할 만한 violent : 격렬한, 맹렬한 chemistry : 화학 Exercise A: What was the essay supposed to be about? B: _________________________________________. A: Who was Jack’s role model? B: _________________________________________. A: Why did he choose that role model? B: _________________________________________. A: Who was Jillian’s role model? B: _________________________________________. A: Why did she choose that role model? B: _________________________________________. determination : 결심, 결정, 확정 success : 성공, 성취 expressed : 나타낸, 표현한 resistance : 저항, 반대 assignment : 문제, 과제

About me A: Who is your role model? B: _________________________________________. A: How can someone be considered a good role model? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Do you enjoy writing essays? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you enjoy basketball? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: Are you a fan of Michael Jordan? Why? B: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 2

(우리는 낚시를 갔었다)

"Father and son fishing trip"

Father: Son, are you doing anything on Saturday afternoon? Son: No Dad, Why do you ask? Father: I was just thinking, when I was your age, my father would always take me fishing at the lake. I just thought you would want to do something with me. Son: Wow Dad! Fishing would be great! Father: Really? I thought you might be embarrassed if your friends see you spending time with your father. Son: Oh no, Dad! Most of my friends go on camping trips and other activities with their fathers. It’s not embarrassing at all! Father: I’m glad to hear that. So does that mean you want to go fishing with me? Son: Definitely! I’ve always wanted to go fishing! Father: So it’s settled then. The two of us are going fishing. I think your mother is taking your sister out to the mall on Saturday, so they won’t miss us much. Son: What time are we going to the lake? I’m really excited already! Father: We have to get up extra early so we can get to the lake by dawn. I’ll teach you how to put bait on fishing hooks and how to cast a good line. Son: That would be really great Dad! I can’t wait till Saturday. Father: Me neither. if you want we can pitch tents and spend the night on the lake. I’m sure your mother won’t mind. Just make sure to finish your homework by Friday night. Son: Okay Dad, I will!

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Vocabulary

embarrassed : 당황한, 난처한 definitely : 뚜렷한, 명확한 bait : 미끼, 먹이

activities : 활동, 활약 excited : 흥분한, 들뜬 pitch : 던지다, 내던지다

Exercise A: Why did the father ask his son if he has anything to do on Saturday? B: _________________________________________. A: Where will they go fishing? B: _________________________________________. A: How did the son feel when his father invited him? B: _________________________________________. A: Where will his mother and sister go on Saturday? B: _________________________________________. A: What will the father teach his son about fishing? B: _________________________________________.

About me A: Do you like fishing? B: _________________________________________. A: Have you gone on a fishing trip before? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Have you ever gone camping before? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you think that a father and his son should engage in activities like that? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you like to do with your parents/children? B: _________________________________________.

"Mother and daughter going shopping"

Sarah: Mom, come look at this dress. Do you think it will look good on me? Mrs. Lee: No, Sarah, that dress is too short! Sarah: Oh, mom! Since when have you been so conservative? You wear short skirts all the time! Mrs. Lee: Yes, I do, but I don’t wear skirts that short! That looks like a long blouse! Sarah: Oh, Mom! We’ve been looking through these racks for hours now and this is the only dress I like. Mrs. Lee: I said no. Just go through that other rack, I’m sure you’ll find something nice. Sarah: Please Mom? Give this dress a chance. Let me try it on first, I’ll show you. Mrs. Lee: Okay then, if you can convince me that dress isn’t too revealing then I will buy it for you. Sarah: Thanks Mom! Mrs. Lee: Let me see, it still looks too short dear, you’ll get in a lot of trouble wearing that to school.

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Sarah: Wait, look at the mannequin first, you’ll see why it’s so short. It’s supposed to be worn with leggings underneath! Why didn’t I think of that? Mrs. Lee: Go and find a pair of leggings that go with it so we can buy it already. We need to find a good pair of shoes to go with it, too. Don’t go choosing something expensive, or I’ll have to take that out of your allowance! Sarah: Of course! Thanks Mom, You’re the best!

Vocabulary

conservative : 보수적인 convince : 확신시키다 trouble : 걱정, 고민 mannequin : 마네킹 leggings : 보온용 바지 expensive : 값비싼, 비싼 Exercise A: What did Sarah want to buy? B: _________________________________________. A: Why did Mrs. Lee disagree? B: _________________________________________. A: What was missing to complete the outfit? B: _________________________________________.

blouse : 블라우스 revealing : 노출시키는 wearing : 입을 수 있는 supposed : 가정의, 가상의 underneath : ~의 아래에 allowance : 용돈, 수당

A: Where did their get the idea to wear the dress with leggings? B: _________________________________________.

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A: What will they buy after purchasing the dress? B: _________________________________________.

About me A: Do you enjoy shopping? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you usually buy? B: _________________________________________. A: What is your opinion on short skirts? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you think of the youth’s fashion sense nowadays? B: _________________________________________. A: Is shopping a good mother-daughter activity? B: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 3 (나는 내 코트에 커피를 흘렸다)

past tense There are two forms of the past tense. They are simple past and past continuous. 두 가지 형태의 과거 시제가 있다. 단순 과거와 과거 진행형이 있다.

simple past (단순 과거)

for completed actions and states
단순 과거는 이미 완성된 행동이나 형태를 말할 때 쓰인다.

Examples

Identify the simple past verb. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) We walked by the seashore yesterday. My friends watched the movie premiere last night. I got a phone call at 3am. I bought a new MP3 player yesterday. I had a fight with my mother this morning. I spilled coffee all over her desk My father scolded me last night. Chrissy cried too much earlier.

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9) 10)

Sheila divided the cake into 8 parts. I ate too much ice cream for dessert.

past continuous (과거 진행형) for actions that were going on in the past 과거 진행형은 과거에 진행 했었던 행동을 말할 때 쓰인다.

Examples

Identify the past continuous verb. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) I was sleeping when my cell phone rang. The boy was reading when the lights went out. I was sweeping the floor when the earthquake happened. I was driving home when the accident happened. Roger was writing a letter when Lynne sneaked up behind him. Lisa was eating lunch when the bell rang. I was chatting with Duane when the phone lines got cut off. I was walking to work when it started to rain. Matthew was studying in his room when he heard the explosion outside. Shelley was opening a can of sardines when the can opener broke.

10)

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Exercise Use the past tense of the verb indicated in the parentheses.

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15)

Yesterday (is) the worst day of my life. I was (swim) at the beach when my mom (yell) at me. Alvin (major) in nursing. Joan (graduate) last term. We were (listen) to the band when the waitress (spill) a drink. She (complain) about her drink because there (is) a fly in it. I (finish) reading the book last night. Adrian was (eat) when his parents (arrive). We (decide) to spend the night inside our room. I (want) to be an astronaut when I (is) a kid. I (play) computer games with my friends. I (listen) to my new CD’s. We (watch) the game between France and Italy. I (do) my term paper yesterday morning. We (visit) my grandmother yesterday morning.

Conversation

Marcus: When is your birthday? Buddy: My birthday is on March 6. Marcus: Where did you celebrate your birthday?

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Buddy: My friends and I went to the beach. Marcus: What did you do there? Buddy: We went island hopping in the morning and we snorkeled near one of the islands. Marcus: Was it raining when you went to the beach? Buddy: It wasn’t raining when we arrived at the beach. It was very sunny.

Exercise A: When is Buddy’s birthday? B: _________________________________________. A: What did he do on his birthday? B: _________________________________________. A: What did they do at the beach? B: _________________________________________. A: Was it raining that day? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: When is your birthday? B: _________________________________________. A: What did you do last year on your birthday? B: _________________________________________.

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A: What do you plan to do this year? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you like going to the beach? B: _________________________________________.

Vocabulary celebrate : 경축하다, 축하하다 hopping : 깡충깡충 뛰는 island : 섬 raining : 비가 오는

snorkel : (두개의 튜브에 의한 잠수함의 환기 장치)스노클로 잠수하다

Exercise What were they doing?

Watch Listen

Sing Play

Go Ran

Visit Hide

Do Wait

1)

They ______ soccer at the new stadium last week.

2)

We ______ our cousins in China last summer.

3)

We ______ a movie with her parents last night.

4)

______ you do your homework already?

5)

We ______ to the deejay intently to hear him announce the top song of the week.

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6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

We gathered around the tree and _______ Christmas carols I ______ to the zoo with my mother. He ______ the marathon last year. She ______ under the table when someone shouted "earthquake!" We ______ till sunrise before heading out to the camping site.

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Lesson 4

(제임스는 프랑스어를 공부한다)

present tense There are three forms of the present tense. They are simple present, present progressive and present emphatic. 세 가지 형태의 현재 시제가 있다. 단순 현재, 현재 진행형과 현재 강조가 있다.

simple present (단순 현재) used to point out consistent action, permanent location and general truth. 단순 현재는 시종일관된 행동이나, 변하지 않는 장소나 일반적인 사실을 나타낼 때 쓰인다.

Exercise Identify the simple present verb. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) I play basketball. I write books. Arlyn teaches pre-school children. Allan repairs computers. Angela sings with a band. Kathy cleans up her room. Aidan watches TV everyday. Jen studies very hard.

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9) 10)

Alex plays with his toys. Andrei sells insurance for a living.

present progressive (현재 진행형) dictates an action continuing in the present. 현재 진행형은 현재에서 계속 일어나는 동작이나 행동을 나타낼 때 쓰인다.

Exercise Identify the present progressive verb. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) I am playing basketball now. I am writing a book. Arlyn is teaching pre-school children nowadays. Allan is repairing my computer. Angela is singing with her band tonight. Kathy is cleaning up her room. Aidan is watching TV. Jen is studying very hard. Alex is playing with his toys now. Andrei is selling insurance.

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present emphatic (현재 강조형) (the "did" form) – highlights the action. It is sometimes regarded as the "did" form, used in asking questions and in making negative statements. 현재 강조형은 행동이나 동작을 강조한다. 가끔씩 질문을 묻거나, 부정의 문장에서는 “did"의 형태가 쓰인다.

Example:

1.

I do play basketball. (emphatic form) Does he play basketball? (question) He does not play basketball. (negative statement)

2.

I do write books. (emphatic form) Does she write books? (question) She does not write books. (negative statement)

Exercise Read each statement and then change it to a question.

example:

A: Paolo plays flag football on Saturdays. B: Does Paolo play flag football on Saturdays?

A: Her sister watches that drama series religiously. B: _________________________________________. A: Michael likes to shoot some hoops after school. B: _________________________________________.

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A: The teacher often yells at rowdy students. B: _________________________________________. A: Veronica thinks that Joel is an airhead. B: _________________________________________. A: Daphne owns a candy store. B: _________________________________________. A: My brother considers me to be a sweet tooth because I can eat a chocolate bar in less than five minutes.

B: _________________________________________. A: His friends think that he plays golf very well. B: _________________________________________. A: He likes to hangout a lot at the coffee shop. B: _________________________________________. A: Fiona and her friends practice cheering at the gym. B: _________________________________________. A: The manager is just waiting for Charlie to screw-up this project. B: _________________________________________. A: KC knows all about psychic phenomenon. B: _________________________________________. A: Angel knows all about Jenny’s secrets. B: _________________________________________.

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A: Rafael likes to tease me a lot. B: _________________________________________. A: Gavin remembers me. B: _________________________________________. A: Gareth loves to play his guitar. B: _________________________________________.

Vocabulary series : 연속, 시리즈 rowdy : 난폭한, 떠들썩한 practice : 연습, 실행 phenomenon : 놀라운 현상 religiously : 독실하게, 경건히 chocolate : 초콜렛 psychic : 마음의, 심적인

Exercise Give the positive and negative answers to the following questions. Answer in complete sentences.

example:

A: Does Samuel read books? B: Yes, Samuel reads books. C: No, Samuel doesn’t read books.

A: Does he walk to school in the morning? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________.

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A: Does she watch horror movies alone? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Do they have to study English everyday? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Do we always need a chaperon? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Does Mary speak Spanish? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Does he read the newspaper every morning? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Does Dominic like to eat vegetables? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Do we need to change our costumes every now and then? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Does the coach praise his players every game? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________.

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A: Do they want to join that club? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Do you know the way to San Jose? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Do you know where you’re going? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Do you like the things that I gave you? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Does this dress make me look fat? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________. A: Does Richard love Lucy? B: _________________________________________. C: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 5 (나는 등산을 갈 것이다)

future tense There are two forms of the future tense. They are simple future, and future perfect tense. 두 가지 형태의 미래 시제가 있다. 단순 미래, 미래 완료형이 있다.

simple future (단순 미래) indicates action or condition that will occur or exist in the future. 단순 미래는 미래에 존재하거나 일어날 동작이나 상태를 나타낼 때 쓰인다.

Exercise Identify the simple future verb. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) She will wait for you. They will be there by 4 o‘clock in the afternoon. I will go to school tomorrow. Rachel will do the laundry later. I will go on a long vacation. He will reserve seats for all of us. Anna will get into trouble when she gets home. I will leave home early tomorrow. I will search through the files for your records.

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10)

I will come home late tonight.

future perfect tense (미래 완료형) indicates an action or condition that will be finished in the future before a certain time. This is a combination of the future tense of ‘have’ + past participle. 미래 완료는 미래의 일정한 시간 전에 끝날 동작이나 상태를 나타낼 때 쓰인다. 이것은 ‘have' + 과거분사의 형태와 결합한다.

Exercise Identify the future perfect tense. 1) 2) 3) 4) I shall have arrived by then. I shall have gone to sleep by that time. When you arrive, the bus will have left. They will not have slept a wink when they arrive at the campsite. Where will he have gone off to? Make a note, you will have forgotten by then. I shall have no problems with this kind of set-up. Will they have received the package in time for the meeting? By that time, Martha will have gone home for the day. Lara will have arrived by noon tomorrow.

5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

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Tips

* Shall is used with the first person point of view. And, Will is used with the second and third person point of view. shall은 1인칭에 쓰이고, will은 2인칭과 3인칭에 쓰인다.

Exercise String these words together in the future tense to form complete sentences.

example:

A: Tomorrow / she / go / shopping / school bag B: She will go shopping for a school bag tomorrow.

A: Next summer / they / go / Malibu B: _________________________________________. A: We / watch / movie / Saturday night B: _________________________________________. A: Luigi / go / bike / tomorrow morning B: _________________________________________. A: Bea / go / ballroom dancing / later B: _________________________________________. A: She / play / poker / on Sunday B: _________________________________________. A: I / bake / cake / Gabrielle’s birthday B: _________________________________________.

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A: I / contribute / UNICIEF / for tsunami victims B: _________________________________________. A: I / visit / grandparents / Thanksgiving B: _________________________________________. A: Jamie / go / trick or treating / tomorrow night B: _________________________________________. A: They / go / Christmas shopping / before the rush B: _________________________________________.

Conversation

Meredith: What are you going to do tomorrow? Patrick: Meredith: Patrick: I think I will go mountain climbing. Sherry invited the whole gang.

But that will only take about 3 hours. What will you do afterwards? Why do you keep asking? Why don’t you just come out and tell me what you want to say?

Meredith:

Well, I was hoping that you would accompany me to the shopping mall.

Patrick: Meredith:

What do you need me for? What are you going to buy? I need your advice. I want to buy a badminton racket but I don’t know what brand to buy.

Patrick:

Oh, okay.

If you can swing by my place at four o’clock in the

afternoon, I shall have gotten home by then. Meredith: Fantastic! Thank you so much. I knew I could rely on you.

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Vocabulary mountain : 산, 산맥 accompany : 동반하다, 함께 가다 badminton : 배드민턴 invited : 초청한, 초대한 advice : 충고, 조언 fantastic : 환상적인, 굉장한

Exercise A: What will Patrick do tomorrow? B: _________________________________________. A: Where does Meredith want to go? B: _________________________________________. A: Why does Meredith want Patrick to accompany her? B: _________________________________________. A: What time will Patrick and Meredith meet? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: Have you ever gone mountain climbing? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you play badminton? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you enjoy going shopping at the mall? B: _________________________________________.

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Exercise Choose the best word or phrase to complete the sentences. 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) You (should, will go) to the dentist if your teeth hurt. They (will go, shall have gone) swimming tomorrow morning. He (shall, will) pick me up from work on Friday night. I (shall have arrived, should go) by eight o’clock in the evening. We (should, shall have) go to the zoo next Saturday with the kids.

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Lesson 6

(제발 귀찮게 하지 마세요)

"Amused"

Rainier: What are you watching? You seem so amused. Rafael: Oh, I’m watching Shrek on my DVD player. Rainier: You’re too old to be watching cartoons! Rafael: Oh, of course not! No one is too old for animation! Besides, they are really fun to watch. Rainier: Really, what’s so amusing about them? Rafael: The characters are very funny, and the story is, too. Come on. Sit down and watch with me. If you don’t like it then I’ll take you out to see any movie you want, is that a deal? Rainier: Don’t bother; I’m sure I’m not going to like it. Rafael: You should at least try to watch something light and funny. You’re too serious all the time, besides Eddie Murphy is the voice behind the donkey. Rainier: Really? I love watching Eddie Murphy! He is my favorite actor! He is so funny and amusing! Rafael: Why don’t you grab a chair and watch with me?

Vocabulary amused : 재미있어하는, 즐기는 animation : 만화 영화, 동화 serious : 진지한, 심각한, 중대한 watching : 시청하는, 보고 있는 characters : 인격, 인물

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About me

A: What is your favorite movie? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you agree that cartoons/animation movies are only for children? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: Who is your favorite actor/actress? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you find comedy films amusing? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: What was the last animation film you saw? B: _________________________________________.

"Lonely"

Ryan: I haven’t seen you in a long time! How are you? Jen: Oh, I’m doing fine. I moved to my own apartment in the city last year. The place is near my office building. Ryan: I didn’t know that. So, are you living alone? Jen: Yes, I live alone. I am actually thinking of getting a dog or a cat. It gets pretty lonely sometimes. Ryan: Really? But you have so many friends. How is it possible that you’re still lonely? Jen: Well, I do spend a lot of time in my apartment by myself. I do not go out much since I am really busy at work. I just sit in front of the TV alone most of the time.

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Ryan: Why don’t you look for a roommate so that you’ll have company? Jen: That’s a great idea! I’ll start looking for a roommate when I get back to the city, but right now, I have to visit my dad. He’s been lonely since I left home. Ryan: Okay, I’ll go with you.

Vocabulary apartment : 아파트, 주택 actually : 실제로, 사실은 building : 건물, 빌딩 lonely : 외로운, 고독한

possible : 가능한, 있음직한 roommate : (방을 같이 쓰는)동숙인

About me

A: Have you ever tried living on your own? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you feel lonely whenever you are alone? B: _________________________________________. A: Why do people feel lonely sometimes? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you think that having a dog or cat can ease loneliness? B: _________________________________________. A: Which would you prefer having? A dog or a cat? Why? B: _________________________________________.

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"Confused"

Joshua: Hello Belle, it’s great to see you again! Belle: Oh, hi Joseph! Joshua: I’m not Joseph, I’m Joshua! Belle: Oh I’m sorry! You look exactly like your twin! I always get confused. I sometimes feel it’s impossible to tell you apart! Joshua: Oh, don’t worry about it. I hear that all the time. Belle: Is there a way I could distinguish you from your brother? Joshua: Yes, there is actually. Joseph has a dimple on his left cheek and I have one on both. Belle: Oh, I did not notice the difference before! Joshua: Well I hope next time you won’t be confused anymore. Belle: Oh, I won’t. I promise.

Vocabulary exactly : 정확하게, 엄밀히 dimple : 보조개 confused : 당황한, 혼란한 difference : 다름, 차이

impossible : 불가능한, ~할수 없는 distinguish : 구별하다, 분별하다

About me

A: Have you ever felt confused in your life? B: _________________________________________. A: If yes, what did you do? B: _________________________________________. A: What other situations show confusion? Give one and explain. B: _________________________________________.

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A: Have you ever met twins? Triplets? B: _________________________________________. A: If yes, how do you tell them apart? B: _________________________________________.

"Proud"

Freddie: Hey, congratulations! I heard you won an award for your painting. Jason: Oh, thank you! How did you find out? Freddie: Your sister told me. She’s so proud of your work, she’s been raving about it! Jason: Really? I didn’t realize she was so proud of me. Freddie: Aren’t you proud of yourself? Jason: Oh, I am. Especially since it’s the first time I entered a competition, and I won! Freddie: That is a great achievement. I know you’ll go places! Jason: Thanks Freddie! Vocabulary congratulation : 축하, 축사, 경축 raving : 좋아 날뛰는. 광란하는 competition : 경쟁, 겨루기 painting : 그림, 채색 realize : 깨닫다, 실감하다 achievement : 성취, 달성

About me

A: What makes you proud? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Give an example of a time when you felt proud of yourself. B: _________________________________________. A: Why should we be proud of our achievements? B: _________________________________________. A: Have you entered (and won) any competitions or contests? B: _________________________________________. A: How does it feel to win? B: _________________________________________.

"Pity"

Tatiana: Hey, Davin! Why are you so sad? Davin: My girlfriend broke up with me. Tatiana: Oh that’s too bad. I pity you. Davin: Don’t worry about me, I’m fine. Tatiana: No you’re not! Look at you, you look so pitiful! You look so pathetic! Davin: Leave me alone. I’ll be fine. Tatiana: I can’t do that. I can’t just leave you like this. You have to pick yourself up and get your act together. Davin: What’s the point? She’s gone and she’s never coming back. I can’t find a reason to go on living without her. Tatiana: Don’t think that way! Self-pity won’t do you any good! Do you really want her to see you that way? It’s degrading! Davin: What should I do? Tatiana: Just relax and enjoy life! You’re handsome and intelligent! There are a million girls out there to choose from! No one will like you if you keep acting that way. Pull yourself together and move on.

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Davin: Okay, I’ll try. Tatiana: That’s the spirit! Come on, let’s go watch a movie, that should cheer you up! Davin: Okay.

Vocabulary girlfriend : 여자친구 pathetic : 애처로운, 감동적인 handsome : 풍채 좋은, 잘 생긴 pitiful : 인정 많은, 동정적인 degrading : 품위를 낮추는 intelligent : 지적인, 영리한

About me

A: Have you ever had your heart broken before? B: _________________________________________. A: How did it feel? What did you do about it? B: _________________________________________. A: What situations make you feel pity for another person? B: _________________________________________. A: Did you ever pity yourself? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: What did you do about it? B: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 7

(당신은 매우 우울해 보입니다)

"Gloomy"

Cherry: Why do you look so depressed? Honey: Oh, nothing. I just feel gloomy today, that’s all. Cherry: Why? Come on, cheer up! It’s a glorious day! Honey: Well, you see, I had a bad day yesterday. Everything that could go wrong did go wrong. I’m terrified at the thought that it might happen again today. Cherry: Oh, stop being a pessimist! It’s just making you sad. Think of positive thoughts. You’ll be alright. Honey: Yeah, I guess so. I shouldn’t have a dark cloud over my head all the time. I should start having a positive attitude. Cherry: That’s it! Be happy. Come on, I’ll buy you some ice cream to make you feel better. Honey: Okay, let’s go!

Vocabulary depressed : 우울한, 풀이 죽은 terrified : 겁나게 하는, 위협하는 positive : 확신하는, 긍정적인 glorious : 영광스러운, 멋진 pessimist : 비관적인, 염세적인 attitude : 태도, 마음가짐

About me

A: Have you ever had a really bad day? Describe it. B: _________________________________________. A: What did you do about it? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Are you a pessimist or an optimist? B: _________________________________________. A: Name 5 things or events that make you gloomy. B: _________________________________________.

A: Why should we maintain a positive attitude? B: _________________________________________.

"Thrilled"

Alex: Hey, Annie! Did you know that Westlife is coming here to Korea for a concert? Annie: Really? Wow! I’m thrilled! When are they arriving? Alex: They are scheduled to arrive on Friday. Annie: Really? I’m so excited! When is the concert? Alex: The concert is slated for Saturday night. Annie: That’s great! Oh no! Tickets must be all sold out! What will I do? I really want to watch Westlife’s live performance! Alex: Don’t worry about it. I figured you would be thrilled to see Westlife in person so I got us a pair of tickets. Annie: You’re amazing Alex! You did that for me? I really appreciate the gesture. Alex: Don’t mention it.

Vocabulary scheduled : 일정이 잡힌 figured : 어림잡은, 판단한 appreciate : 평가하다, 인정하다 slated : 등록되다 amazing : 놀랄 정도의, 굉장한 gesture : 몸짓, 동작

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About me

A: What makes you feel thrilled? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you like watching concerts? Why or why not? B: _________________________________________. A: What kind of music do you listen to? B: _________________________________________. A: Who is your favorite singer? Why? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you like boy bands? Why or why not? B: _________________________________________.

"Enthusiastic"

Laura: Hello James! Guess what? My sister Lisa passed the tryouts for the school’s cheering squad! James: Really? That’s great! I knew she could do it. She’s always full of energy and enthusiasm! Laura: I know. This is so exciting! She’s always so perky and active. I’m sure she’ll make a great cheerleader! James: No doubt about it. Next year I would expect her to be the captain of the squad! She always puts her heart and soul into everything she does. Laura: Oh, I do hope so. She’s been working really hard lately; she’s been staying up late to memorize her cheers and dance steps to prepare for the pep rally next month!

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James: Really? Well, that girl’s really got spirit! Laura: You can say that again!

Vocabulary squad : 분대, 소집단 enthusiasm : 열광, 열의 expect : 기대하다, 예상하다 exciting : 흥분시키는, 들뜨는 doubt : 의심, 의혹 memorize : 기억하다, 암기하다

About me

A: How do you describe someone who is enthusiastic? B: _________________________________________. A: How do you show your enthusiasm in school? At work? B: _________________________________________. A: Have you ever been to a pep rally before? B: _________________________________________. A: At what other events do you find cheerleaders? B: _________________________________________. A: What does a cheerleader do? B: _________________________________________.

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"Grief"

Erica: I’m so sorry to hear about your husband. He was a nice man. Ella: Thank you for your sympathy. It was a big loss to everyone who knew him. I know I am not the only one grieving for him. Erica: Yes, that is true. It is hard to accept the loss of someone as good as your husband. He was a blessing to everyone. How is his family taking it? Ella: Oh, his mother was traumatized by the passing of her son. She hasn’t spoken to anyone yet. Everyone is worried about her. Erica: It’s really hard to believe he’s gone. I’m sure she will be okay in time. Ella: I really do hope so. It’s been hard on all of us. Thank you again for your sympathy in our time of need. Erica: Don’t mention it.

Vocabulary sympathy : 동정, 헤아림 blessing : 축복, 은총 worried : 걱정스러운, 곤란한 grieving : 슬퍼하는, 애곡하는 traumatized : 마음에 충격을 주다 believe : 믿다, 신뢰하다

About me

A: Have you ever lost a loved one before? B: _________________________________________. A: How did it feel? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Have you ever met anyone who has lost a loved one? B: _________________________________________.

A: How do you show grief? B: _________________________________________. A: What other things can make you feel grief? B: _________________________________________.

"Grateful"

Cathy: Congratulations Carmen! You got the promotion! Carmen: Thank you Cathy! I couldn’t have done it with out you. You helped me out ever since I started working at this company as a receptionist. Cathy: Oh, don’t mention it. You did this on your own. You worked your way through the corporate ladder. You started out as a receptionist and now here you are, sales manager! When I retire next year, I hope you take my place. Carmen: Oh, how can I ever repay you? I owe my career to you! Cathy: All I want is to see you succeed.

Carmen: I want to give you this broach as a token of my gratitude. Cathy: Thank you Carmen. I wish you all the best.

Vocabulary promotion : 승진, 진급 corporate : 법인의, 조직의 receptionist : 접수원, 응접원 succeed : 성공한, 번창하는

broach : (옷에다는 장식따위)브로치 gratitude : 감사, 보은의 마음

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About me A: How do you express gratitude toward the people who have helped you out? B: _________________________________________. A: Describe a moment when you felt really grateful. B: _________________________________________. A: What are the things that can make you feel this way? B: _________________________________________. A: Have you ever gotten a promotion? B: _________________________________________. A: Did you thank the people who helped you get it? B: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 8 (그것들은 달콤하고 쥬시하다) "Buying groceries"

Grocer: Good afternoon ma’am. Amy:

What can I do for you today? I was hoping you could point

I have several items on my shopping list. me in the right direction.

Grocer: That is what I am here for ma’am. Amy: First on my list is a quart of milk, a box of wheat cereal, and some cream of mushroom soup. Grocer: The milk you will find in aisle 5, and the cereals are right in front of them on aisle 6. For the cream of mushroom soup, you will find our

powdered and canned soup in aisle 14. Amy: Grocer: You are very helpful indeed. What about the red wine? May I suggest that you try

It is in the back, near the fruit section. some of our green pears ma’am? are really big, sweat and juicy.

They are in season this month, and

Amy:

Why thank you, I think I will. What is fresh today?

I might as well pass by the meat section.

Grocer:

Butcher Dan just delivered some fabulous Rib-Eye steaks and whole Cornish hens this morning. organic duck eggs. He also dropped off several crates of his

Amy:

Thank you very much.

You’ve been great! Have a nice day!

Grocer: You are welcome ma’am.

Vocabulary aisle : 통로, 복도 cereals : 곡물, 곡류 fabulous : 전설적인, 엄청난 quart : 1/4 갤런 powdered : 가루의, 가루로 된 organic : 유기농의

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Exercise A: In what aisles can you find the milk, cereals and soup? B: _________________________________________. A: Where can you find the red wine? B: _________________________________________. A: According to the grocer, what fruits are in season this month? B: _________________________________________. A: What is fresh in the meat section today? B: _________________________________________. A: Who delivered the meat products? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: Do you go grocery shopping? B: _________________________________________. A: How long does it usually take? B: _________________________________________. A: What items do you often buy? B: _________________________________________. A: Which aisle do you usually start with when grocery shopping? Why? B: _________________________________________.

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A: Is the staff at the grocery store you go to helpful and courteous? B: _________________________________________.

"Birthday party invitation"

Elizabeth: Brandon: Elizabeth:

Hey Brandon. What are your plans for next weekend? I don’t have anything special lined up yet. Why? Well, it’s my birthday and I was hoping to invite you to my sweet sixteen party.

Brandon: Elizabeth:

Really? Okay.

That would be nice.

I’d love to go.

Well, the party will be at the Star Gazer Ballroom at the Pearl The festivities start at exactly six thirty in the evening. What shall I

Orient Hotel. Brandon:

Oh my, I did not realize this was such a formal affair. wear?

Elizabeth:

Semi-formal would be appropriate. before the dinner.

There will be a short program

Brandon:

It sounds like such a big shindig! your party?

How long have you been planning

Elizabeth:

We started planning this last year! band play after the dinner.

We will even have my favorite

Brandon:

That’s fantastic! something.

I will definitely go.

But you must promise me

Elizabeth: Brandon: Elizabeth:

What’s that? You must save me a dance. What a charming sentiment. full for you. I’ll make sure my dance card is not too

Brandon:

Thank you for inviting me. I’ll see you then!

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Vocabulary orient : 동양의, 동양 realize : 깨닫다, 실감하다 shindig : 떠들썩하고 흥겨운 모임 charming : 매력적인, 호감 가는 festivities : 축제, 잔치 appropriate : 적합한, 적절한 fantastic : 환상적인, 굉장한 sentiment : 감정, 정서

Exercise A: When and where will Elizabeth’s sweet sixteen party be held? B: _________________________________________. A: What will happen at the party? B: _________________________________________. A: What time will the party start? B: _________________________________________. A: When did she start planning the party? B: _________________________________________. A: What attire is required at the party? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: Have you ever gone to a sweet sixteen party or a debut? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you enjoy dancing at parties? What kind of dancing? B: _________________________________________.

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A: What is your ideal birthday party celebration? B: _________________________________________. A: What kind of food is usually served at birthday parties? B: _________________________________________. A: Describe the best birthday party you’ve ever been to. B: _________________________________________.

"Asking permission"

Jennifer: Mom:

Mom, are you busy? Why?

Not at the moment.

Jennifer: Mom:

Well, I was hoping I could talk to you for a few minutes.

You are being unusually polite. Spill the beans; what is it you want? You have heard me rant about this singer called Michael Buble right? You have not stopped playing his CDs since June.

Jennifer: Mom:

Yes of course.

Jennifer: Mom:

So you must know that I am crazy about him right?

Why don’t you just come right out and say what you want Jen.

Jennifer: He’s having a concert at the Metropolitan Theater on September 16 and I would like your permission to go. Mom: Out of the question. You are too young to go to a concert. Antoinette will go, and so will her father. They

Jennifer:

But I won’t be alone. already bought tickets. experience mom!

I don’t want to miss this once-in-a-lifetime

Mom:

Mr. Stevens will be there the whole time? Curtain call is at seven

Jennifer: He will be there the whole time guaranteed.

o’clock in the evening. It should last until eleven o’clock. Mom: And how much are the tickets?

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Jennifer:

Do not worry about it.

Mr. Stevens has connections and we will get I will pay for it from my own savings. Get Mr. Stevens on the phone

them at a discounted rate. Mom:

Okay, you may go, on one condition. tonight.

I want to arrange for your transportation. I’ll even buy you a souvenir t-shirt!

Jennifer:

Oh you are the best mom ever!

Vocabulary polite : 공손한, 예의 바른 experience : 경험, 체험 discounted : 할인 된 arrange : 배열하다, 가지런히 하다 theater : 극장 curtain : 커튼, 휘장 souvenir : 기념품, 선물

Exercise A: When and where will Michael Buble’s concert be? B: _________________________________________. A: Who has bought tickets for the show already? B: _________________________________________. A: Who will accompany Jennifer to the concert? B: _________________________________________. A: Who will pay for Jennifer’s ticket? B: _________________________________________. A: What was her mom’s condition before she allowed Jennifer to go to the concert? B: _________________________________________.

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About me

A: How do you ask permission from your parents? B: _________________________________________. A: Have you ever been to a concert before? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you enjoy going to concerts? B: _________________________________________. A: Who was the last performer you’ve seen in concert? B: _________________________________________. A: Who would you love to see perform in concert? B: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 9 (여기까지 오는데 오래 걸렸다) "Coming in late to work"

Boss: Kevin: Boss: Kevin: Boss:

I knew it!

I knew you’d be late today. You are always late on Mondays! I’m sorry I was late again today.

Good morning sir.

Well, why were you late this time? I was up and ready to leave by six forty-five, but I got stuck in traffic. How could you get stuck in traffic at that early hour? at seven thirty. Rush hour starts

Kevin:

Yes sir, but you see, I drive my car to the complex near the subway station. Then I leave it there and take the subway.

Boss: Kevin:

But taking the subway is even faster than driving a car. Yes sir, but the parking attendant did not have change for my money, and so I had to go to the coffee shop nearby first to get some change.

Boss: Kevin: Boss:

A likely story. If you don’t believe me sir, here is the receipt. So I see that you bought coffee before seven. had enough time to get here before eight. But you still would have

Kevin: Boss: Kevin:

Yes sir, except for my bad luck at the subway station. Oh brother. Okay, what happened there?

One of the subway trains broke down on the track, and it caused some delays. just now. If you’ll notice sir, some of our other employees are coming in

Boss:

You may be right.

I’ll let it slide for now.

But you better make an extra

effort not to be late any more or else I will dock your pay.

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Vocabulary attendant : 점원, 안내원 likely : 있음직한, 할 것 같은 enough : 충분한, 족한 station : 정거장, 역 except : ~을 제외하고, ~외에는 dock : 선착장, 부두

Exercise A: Have you ever been to a library? In your community? School? B: _________________________________________. A: What time did Kevin leave his house? B: _________________________________________.

A: What places did he go to before getting to the office? B: _________________________________________. A: What were his reasons for being late? B: _________________________________________. A: What time did Kevin buy coffee? B: _________________________________________. A: What will Kevin’s boss do the next time he is late? B: _________________________________________. About me

A: Do you think Kevin was telling the truth? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you think Kevin’s boss should have done in this case?

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B: _________________________________________. A: Have you ever been late before? B: _________________________________________. A: What are your most common reasons for being late? B: _________________________________________. A: How do you react when people give you excuses for being late? B: _________________________________________.

"Visitors at home"

Demi:

Good afternoon. Is Bruce home? My Uncle Bruce isn’t home at the moment. I’m Demi, his

Ashton: Good afternoon. Demi:

Oh, he asked me to meet him here at this time. co-worker.

Ashton:

Well he just went to the store to buy some groceries. back in a while. Would you like to come in first?

He should be

Demi:

Thank you.

Ashton: Please come in and have a seat. Demi: Ashton: You have a beautiful house. Thank you. My mom is an interior decorator. Would you like

something to drink? Demi: What do you have?

Ashton: We have coffee, tea, and orange juice. Demi: Orange juice sounds lovely.

Ashton: Here you go. I’ll keep you company while we wait for my uncle. Demi: Thank you very much. You are such a helpful young man.

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moment : 순간, 지금 interior : 안쪽의, 내면의 lovely : 사랑스러운, 예쁜

Vocabulary groceries : 식료품류, 잡화류 decorator : 장식자, 실내 장식 company : 친구, 동아리, 떼

Exercise A: What is the relationship between Demi and Bruce? B: _________________________________________. A: Where did Bruce go? B: _________________________________________. A: What did Demi decide to do when she found out that Bruce wasn’t home? B: _________________________________________. A: What did Ashton offer Demi? B: _________________________________________. A: What does Demi think of Ashton? B: _________________________________________. About me

A: Do you allow strangers into your home? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you think it is safe to do so? B: _________________________________________. A: How do you treat visitors in your house?

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B: _________________________________________. A: Who receives the most number of guests at your house? B: _________________________________________. A: Have you had any bad experiences with regards to visitors? B: _________________________________________.

“Returning an item at a clothing store"

Customer: Miss, could you possibly help me out here? Sales Lady: Sure, what seems to be the problem? Customer: I bought this dress two days ago. I was supposed to wear it this morning, but I noticed that the seam at the side was torn. Sales Lady: Oh, may I see the dress? Customer: Yes, I have it with me here. Sales Lady: I can see the tear. I apologize for the inconvenience. We will be glad to replace this dress or give you a refund. Customer: Oh, thank you very much. I would really appreciate it if you would replace the dress. Sales Lady: That wouldn’t be a problem at all, as long as you brought the receipt. Customer: Yes, I have it here with me. Sales Lady: Okay, just wait here while I get the replacement dress from our stock room. Customer: Thank you again.

Vocabulary possibly : 어떻게든지 해서 apologize : 사과하다, 사죄하다 inconvenience : 불편, 성가심 receipt : 영수증, 인수증 appreciate : 고맙게 여기다 replacement : 교체, 대체

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Exercise A: What item did the customer want to return and why? B: _________________________________________. A: What options did the sales lady offer the customer? B: _________________________________________. A: Which option did the customer choose? B: _________________________________________. A: What did the sales lady ask from the customer in order to replace the dress? B: _________________________________________. A: Was the sales lady very cooperative or was she rude? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: Have you ever returned anything you purchased from a department store? B: _________________________________________. A: What should you do to prevent buying items that are broken or defective? B: _________________________________________. A: How should a sales lady or manager treat customers in these situations? B: _________________________________________. A: What is the worst complaint you have ever had about a service or a product? B: _________________________________________.

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Lesson 10

(나는 테니스를 치고 있었다)

"Riding a bus"

Passenger: Is this the bus going to Apgujong-dong? Driver: Yes it is. Passenger: Thank you. I am a tourist and it is my first time here in Korea. I came alone so I have no guide. Driver: If I were you I would purchase a map so you won’t get lost. Passenger: Thank you for your suggestion, but I already have one. How far is the distance between this station and the bus station in Apgujong-dong? Driver: Apgujong-dong is about 75 kilometers away from here. It will probably take us an hour and a half to get there. Passenger: Thank you for all your help. Please tell me if we’re in Apgujong-dong already. Driver: No problem! I hope you enjoy your stay here in Korea. Passenger: I will. Vocabulary tourist : 여행자, 관광객 purchase : 일사다, 구매하다 distance : 거리, 간격 guide : 안내자, 가이드 suggestion : 제안, 제의 station : 정거장, 역

Exercise A: Where did the tourist want to go? B: _________________________________________. A: Is it his first time in Korea? B: _________________________________________.

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A: What did the bus driver suggest to the tourist? B: _________________________________________. A: How far was Apgujong-dong from the bus station? B: _________________________________________. A: How long will it take to get there? B: _________________________________________.

About me

A: Have you ever gone to Apgujong-dong? What can you find there? B: _________________________________________. A: What places have you traveled to? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you like riding the bus? Why or why not? B: _________________________________________. A: What do you usually do when riding on a bus? B: _________________________________________. A: Do you prefer taking the bus or the subway? Why? B: _________________________________________.

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Land sports football badminton snow boarding rollerblading biking cycling soccer tennis golf rugby squash basketball baseball skiing lacrosse hockey bowling softball skating dodge ball running billiards

skateboarding track volleyball hiking

mountain climbing

Marcus: Did you watch the basketball game on TV last night? Stephen: No, I didn’t. I was playing billiards last night. Marcus: Oh, I was hoping you did. I want to know who won. I didn’t watch it either. I was playing tennis with my cousin yesterday. Stephen: I’m sorry, but I’m not a big fan of basketball. My favorite sports are

bowling and boxing.
Marcus: Really? I like all sports especially soccer, golf, volleyball and basketball. I wish I had watched the game last night. Stephen: Well, you can read the newspaper. The results are on the sports page. Marcus: That’s great! Thank you Stephen! Stephen: Don’t mention it. Do you want to go hiking with me this weekend? Marcus: Sure. I’ll see you then!

Vocabulary yesterday : 어제, 어저께 newspaper : 신문, 신문지 mention : 언급하다, 말하다 especially : 특히, 각별히 results : 결과, 결말

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Exercise Choose the best word.

1) 2) 3)

____________ (Bowling / Running) is a sport that uses a ball and ten pins. You need a racket to play _____________ (volleyball / tennis). You must wear a helmet and protective gear when you go ____________ (running / rollerblading). Take advantage of the mountain trail from your apartment complex, and go on a _____________ (golf, hike). I don’t know why they call the _____________ (bowling, baseball) field a diamond. It looks more like a square to me.

4)

5)

Water sports swimming kayaking water polo canoeing surfing wakeboarding rafting rowing

Rick: What are you doing this summer? Abby: Oh, I’m going to the beach with my friends. Rick: That sounds like a lot of fun! Do you plan do go surfing? Abby: I want to try, but I don’t know if I can do it yet. I’ll try wakeboarding first. How about you? How are you spending your summer vacation? Rick: Well, I don’t know yet. There are so many things I want to do like

canoeing, white-water rafting, and kayaking but, I don’t want to go alone.
Abby: You don’t have to. Bryan is planning to go rowing. with him? Maybe, you can do all these together. Rick: That’s a great idea! I’ll go ahead and call him now. Why don’t you go

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Abby: Wait! He’s at the aquatic center today. He’s training with the national

water polo team, remember?
Rick: Oh yeah, I forgot. Okay, I’ll call him tonight, then.

Vocabulary vacation : 휴가, 방학 canoeing : 카누를 젓다 aquatic : 물의, 물속의 kayaking : 카약으로 가다

wakeboarding : (수상스키의 일종)웨이크보드

Exercise Fill in the blanks. Surfing Rafting Water Polo Wakeboarding Swimming Canoeing

1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

My favorite water sport is ____________. Last summer vacation, we went ______________. I do not know how to __________. I think white water ___________ is a very dangerous sport. ____________ is a very famous sport in Hawaii.

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Lesson 11

(내 여동생은 약사 이다)

People in the neighborhood teacher minister monk principal priest messenger fireman janitor policeman mailman

Conversation

Eddie: Have you seen the mailman today? I am waiting for a very important letter. Lisa: No, I haven’t. I just came back from the elementary school to meet with my son’s teacher. She told me that my son was the best in class! Eddie: That’s great news! I’m sure he could be whatever he wants to be when he grows up. Lisa: My son wants to be a fireman when he grows up, but my husband wants him to be a policeman just like him. Eddie: Both are very noble professions, either of the two will be good choices. Lisa: How about your daughter? What does she want to be when she grows up? Eddie: Oh, she wants to be a nurse, just like her mother or a doctor like me. Lisa: That’s wonderful! Well, I guess I’ll just see you later; I still have to call the

plumber to fix our pipes at home. Bye.
Eddie: Bye.

Vocabulary important : 중요한, 의의 있는 professions : 직업, 전문직 wonderful : 훌륭한, 굉장한 elementary : 기본의, 초보의 daughter : 딸

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Exercise Choose the best word to complete the sentence.

1)

The ____________ (teacher / janitor) gave us plenty of summer vacation homework.

2)

The _____________ (policeman / priest) caught the thieves and brought them to jail. The _____________ (fireman / mailman) who delivers our letters is a very kindly old man who greets everyone he passes on the street. We prayed for the safety of the _____________ (principal, fireman) as he ran into the burning building to make sure that everyone was already out. The ____________ (minister, teacher) gave a very moving eulogy at my Uncle Ned’s memorial service.

3)

4)

5)

Places home institute clinic drugstore bookstore park playground store pharmacy airport school hospital grocery library station academy shopping mall supermarket stationery shop

Conversation

Arnold: Excuse me, can you tell me where the park is? Edison: Oh, the park is on 22nd street, right beside the school. Arnold: Isn’t the school on Main Street, across from the hospital? Edison: Oh no, that school was moved to a bigger space on 22nd street almost three years ago. The old school building was converted to a

supermarket complex.

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Arnold: Oh, I didn’t know. It’s been so long since I’ve been here; I didn’t even recognize the airport! How do I get to the park now? Edison: Just turn left at the bookstore, go straight until you reach the drugstore then turn right, and that is 22nd street. Just go down that road and you’ll see the school. The park is right beside it. Arnold: Thank you very much, sir!

Vocabulary excuse : 미안하지만, 실례지만 across : 가로 건너서 recognize : 인정하다, 알아보다 beside : ~의 옆에, ~의 곁에 converted : 개종한, 개장한 straight : 곧은, 일직선의

Exercise Fill in the blanks. Beach Airport 1) 2) 3) 4) Park School Shopping Mall Hardware Store Bookstore Hospital

I love going to the ____________ on weekends. I do not know how to go / get to the ___________. Can you please drive me to the ______________? If you need more construction materials, then just go to the _______________ at the corner. We must respect the quiet zone around the _____________ so as not to disturb the doctors and patients.

5)

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Lesson 12 (카약을 타 본 적이 있습니까?)

Transportation - land bicycle scooter roller skates bus motorcycle tram subway train rollerblade taxi skateboard car monorail

Conversation

Mark: I need to buy a car soon. I find it hard to get to the office on time. Vincent: Don’t you take the subway to work? Mark: Yes, I do, but when I get off the train, I still have to take a bus and walk a couple of blocks to get to the office. By the time I get there, I’m already late. Vincent: Oh I see, why don’t you take a taxi from the subway station then? Mark: That would be too expensive. A car would definitely solve my problems. Vincent: I don’t like cars. They cause too much traffic. I’d rather bring my

motorcycle to work, that way I can avoid busy streets easily.
Mark: That’s actually a good idea! Maybe I should get a motorcycle instead. Vincent: My son rides his bike to school everyday. You should probably get a

bicycle for your son, too.
Mark: I don’t think so. My son loves his skateboard too much. He rides it to school everyday too.

Vocabulary couple : 두개의 expensive : 값비싼, 돈이 드는 actually : 실제로, 사실은 probably : 아마, 대개는 already : 이미, 벌써 definitely : 뚜렷한, 명확한 instead : 그 대신에

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Exercise Fill in the blanks. Motorcycle Bicycle 1) 2) Bus Scooter Monorail Taxi Subway Car

I take the __________ to school and to the Academy everyday. My father rides the _________ to work.

3)

Our neighbors have complained to the Landlord that his new __________ is too noisy. The hotel at Disneyland has its very own _____________ to and from Disneyland and the hotel lobby. It took me several months to learn how to use / ride the ______________.

4)

5)

Transportation - air hang glider hot air balloon airplane jet helicopter rocket

Conversation

Angela: Have you ever been on an airplane before? Cristina: Yes I have, I was on a flight from Manila to Seoul. Angela: That must’ve been really nice. I’ve never been on a plane before.

Cristina: Really? You know, I’ve always wanted to ride a helicopter. Angela: Yeah, that would be a thrill! I’ve always dreamed of riding on a hot air

balloon or being an astronaut and get on a rocket to outer space!
Cristina: My dream is to become a fighter pilot and ride a jet.

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Vocabulary flight : 비행, 날기 dreamed : 꿈을 꾸다 fighter : 전투사 thrill : 스릴, 떨림, 전율 astronaut : 우주 비행사 pilot : 항공 조종사

Exercise Choose the best word to complete the sentence.

1)

The ___________ (rocket, helicopter) is going off into space at exactly 0800 tomorrow.

2)

Thrill seekers should really try the _______________ (airplane, hang glider) at least once in their lifetime.

3)

We’ve made a helipad on the roof for Mr. Lim’s ____________ (helicopter, rocket).

4)

As part of their romantic getaway, her husband rented a ______________ (jet, hot air balloon) to tour them around the countryside.

5)

I’m leaving on a ____________ (jet, hang glider) plane. be back again.

Don’t know when I’ll

Transportation - sea boat canoe jet ski ship submarine kayak rowboat yacht

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Conversation

Dennis: Would you like to take a ride on my yacht? Edward: I’d love to; I’ve never been on a boat before. Dennis: Really? I love boats, the first one I ever rode was my grandpa’s canoe. Edward: Oh, I see. Have you ridden a kayak yet? Dennis: No, I haven’t but I would love to do that someday. Edward: Do you have a jet ski? Dennis: Yes I do. I also have a speed boat. Edward: Wow! I wouldn’t be surprised if you told me you owned a cruise ship or a submarine! Dennis: You make me laugh! I’m sure we’ll have a great time on the yacht!

Vocabulary yacht : 요트 kayak : 카약 someday : 언젠가, 훗날에 ridden : 탔었던 surprised : 깜짝 놀란 submarine : 잠수함

Exercise Fill in the blanks. Boat Jet Ski 1) Ship Canoe Yacht Submarine Rowboat Kayak

I’ve always wanted to ride a glass bottom ____________ (boat, kayak) near the reefs.

2)

It must be so exciting to train in the navy and ride _____________ (submarines, rowboats).

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3) We brought along our cart to wheel along the ___________ (yacht, Jet Ski)

4) The ____________ (kayak, yacht) is docked at slip # 312.

5) To get to the small island, you have to take a ____________ (submarine, boat).

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Lesson 13

(내 그랜드 피아노는 크다!)

synonyms (동의어) words that have the same meanings. 서로 같은 뜻을 가진 단어들을 말한다.

Examples

1)

divide - separate - split a. b. To win the war, we must divide and conquer. They had to separate their assets when they got divorced.

2)

great - grand - large a. b. They used a grand piano at the concert. The Blue Whale is the largest mammal in existence today.

3)

enough - adequate - sufficient a. b. Are you sure that is enough food for a party of 30 people? You don’t have to solicit anymore, the funds for the project is sufficient.

4)

food - nourishment - sustenance a. Growing children need adequate nourishment to develop fully. b. You must eat fruits and vegetables everyday to get the necessary sustenance your body needs.

5)

omit - delete - remove a. b. Do not omit the figures from his February report. You must delete all those icons on your desktop that you don’t use anymore.

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6)

vacant - empty - unoccupied a. That apartment across the street has been unoccupied since last spring. b. Although it’s a shortcut, I refuse to cross the vacant parking lot at night because it looks really scary.

7)

hurry - rush - accelerate a. b. Do not accelerate when you turn a corner, you might crash. If you hurry, you may be able to catch up with your professor.

8)

all - every - entire a. It was riveting; I actually stayed to watch the entire fight!

b.
9)

Every little thing she does is magic.

after - following - subsequent a. The subsequent segment is brought to you by the AIDS Troupe. b.

After continuous nagging, he finally got up and cleaned his
room.

10)

thanks - gratitude - appreciation
a. b. This is the thanks I get after everything I’ve done for you? As a sign of our appreciation, we would like to present this plaque to Dr. House, MD.

Vocabulary conquer : 정복하다, 공략하다 adequate : 적당한, 어울리는 nourishment : 자양물, 음식물 professor : 교수, 교사 existence : 존재, 생존 sufficient : 충분한, 족한 sustenance : 생계, 생활유지 subsequent : 뒤의, 후의, 다음의

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Exercise Read the sentences. Choose the word that is synonymous for the underlined word in the sentence.

1)

Is this where you reside? a) b) c) live attend insert

2)

Why are you in a rush to finish this? a) b) c) hush slump hurry

3)

This is a token of my gratitude for all your help. a) b) c) sorrow happiness appreciation

4)

They will split the prize among themselves. a) b) c) take give divide

5)

The mayor made sure that the town had adequate water supply. a) b) c) minimal enough phenomenal

6)

Why can’t he admit that he made an error in judgment? a) b) c) mistake correction concern

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7)

They really make a terrific duo! a) b) c) choir pair batch

8)

Because of the vast amount of support they received, the team was confident that they would win. a) b) c) tiny fast huge

9)

The concept of the fashion show was very unique. a) b) c) concert models idea

10)

I was surprised to see such good results from a novice. a) b) c) beginner veteran novel

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Lesson 14 (각 개개인이 한 집단을 만든다)

antonyms (반의어) words that have opposite meanings. 서로 반대의 뜻을 가진 단어들을 말한다.

Examples

1)

strength - weakness a. Didn’t anyone ever tell you before that there is strength in numbers? b. My weakness for sweets always ruins my diet.

2)

stingy - generous a. Scrooge is so stingy that he only brushes his teeth once a day to save toothpaste and water. b. Mr. Kahn is a very generous boss; he gives incentives to his dedicated workers.

3)

innocent - guilty a. Although they ruled in favor of OJ Simpson, I find it hard to believe that he was innocent. b. The guilty party was sentenced to 12 years in prison with no possibility of parole.

4)

individual - group a. Gabrielle enrolled in both tennis and golf lessons for the summer since she prefers individual sports. b. On the other hand, Anne enjoys group sports like basketball and volleyball.

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5)

sturdy - weak a. The new building is so sturdy, it is said to be able to withstand a 4.0 intensity earthquake on the Richter scale. b. The porch steps are weak from the rain and sun; we must replace them before summer starts.

6)

maintain - discontinue a. If I want to maintain this figure, I have to watch my calorie intake daily. b. I don’t understand why they decided to discontinue the Sabrina show.

7)

wild -tame a.

Wild animals should never be put into zoos; it breaks their
spirit. She had her hair rebonded to tame her frizzy hair.

b. 8)

ordinary - rare a. It’s no ordinary feat to be listed in the Guinness Book of World Records. b.

Rare coins are very valuable and should be protected in
museums.

9)

kind - cruel a. Sister Mary Clarence is a very kind, honest and decent person. b. I believe that corporal punishment is a cruel way to treat the future leaders of our nation.

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10)

leave - arrive a. If I hear so much as a peep from you, I will leave immediately. b. Charles is scheduled to arrive tomorrow at five in the morning.

Vocabulary incentive : 격려, 자극, 동기 parole : 가석방 calorie : (열량단위) 칼로리 punishment : 징계, 벌, 처벌 dedicated : 헌신적인 withstand : ~에 저항하다, 반대하다 museum : 박물관, 미술관 immediately : 곧, 즉시, 바로

Exercise Read the sentences. Find the antonym of the underlined word from the choices in the box below. sunset arrives always group evening weaker innocent kind dry tame

1)

Don’t touch the walls! The paint is still wet! Answer: __________

2)

I told my daughter that she should never talk to strangers. Answer: __________

3)

The jury found the accused guilty beyond reasonable doubt. Answer: __________

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4)

What can’t kill you will only make you stronger. Answer: __________

5)

I am usually awake before sunrise. Answer: __________

6)

I don’t like him. They say he’s a cruel man. Answer: __________

7)

The teacher assigned us individual assignments. Answer: __________

8)

I enjoy jogging very early in the morning. Answer: __________

9)

Her plane leaves at 9:00 tonight. Answer: __________

10)

I enjoy looking at the wild animals in the zoo. Answer: __________

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Lesson 15

(복습)

Verb Tenses

Determine the tense of the verb, whether it is past, present or future.

1) 2)

I am going to Church this Sunday morning. I shall have arrived in Jamaica by the time the police figured out what I did. They are eating out back right now. He rode that bike trail in West Grove last month. I will buy an engagement ring online before Friday. We have been to Disneyland so many times that I already know all the park attendants. She dodged the ball but hit the fence instead. I am adding up your total now. They went to Niagara Falls last spring. I’ll fax you the prescription this afternoon. My father finally promised to quit smoking. She’s trying on wedding gowns in Dressing Room A with her mom. They are leaving this Saturday for Australia for good. I am going to bake cookies for the school Bake Sale on Wednesday. I booked us a flight to Alaska this morning.

3) 4) 5) 6)

7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15)

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How would you feel if…

example:

your friend stole your mp3 player? a) b) c) fantastic scared furious The answer is c) furious.

1)

someone accidentally stepped on your foot? a) b) c) happy hurt scared

2)

your best friend transferred to a different school? a) b) c) lonely ecstatic joyous

3)

someone you knew passed away(돌아가시다)? a) b) c) miserable happy surprised

4)

you got a perfect score in your test? a) b) c) proud sad angry

5)

you were not able to eat breakfast and it’s already three o’clock in the afternoon? a) b) c) fantastic starving happy

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6)

your friends threw you a surprise birthday party? a) b) c) sad shocked sincere

7)

you lost a soccer game? a) b) c) glad relieved sad

8)

you just got married? a) b) c) anxious ecstatic scared

9)

you did not get enough sleep? a) b) c) grumpy tired alert

10)

you have a new baby in the family? a) b) c) somber happy irritated

Item Identification

Fill in the blanks. Choose from the answers inside the box. boxing basketball golf 1) rafting hiking volleyball rowing skateboarding swimming water polo

You need six players per team on the court to play _______.

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2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9)

Michael Jordan is the world’s most famous _______ player. His best event in _______ is the backstroke. That is a great place to go white water _______. Joseph likes to go _______ in the mountains. _______ is a team sport played in a swimming pool. My brother enjoys playing _______ in the country club. You need good arms to join the _______ team. Manny Pacquiao made _______ even more popular in the Philippines. _______ is an extreme sport.

10)

People in the Neighborhood

Choose the best word to complete the sentence.

1) 2)

My _______ (teacher / policeman) gave me a good grade. The _______ (janitor / nurse) took my blood pressure and my temperature before the _______ (fireman / doctor) performed the tests. I’m waiting for the _______ (mailman / priest) to deliver the package to me. If you have problems with your pipes, you should call a _______(principal / plumber). It was a good thing that a _______ (minister / policeman) was there to respond to the shooting.

3)

4)

5)

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Places

Choose the best word to complete the sentence.

1)

If you don’t hurry up you won’t get to _______ (school / park) on time.

2)

I need to buy some groceries from the _______(supermarket / bus station). I always go to the _______ (beach / hardware store) every summer. I need to go to the _______ (drugstore / library) to buy cough medicine. The children love going to the _______ (playground / hospital) in the afternoon.

3) 4)

5)

Transportation

Fill in the blanks. Choose from the answers in the box.

Cruise ship Jet skis Bus

Train Bicycle Airplane

Helicopter Yacht

Car Rocket ship

1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

_______ are like motorcycles on the water. I want to go on a vacation on a _______. My brother went to the Hyundai dealership to buy a new _______. The news crew covered the scene from the sky aboard a _______. You should try taking the _______, it’s much faster.

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6) 7) 8) 9) 10)

My son wants a _______ for Christmas. The Boeing 747 jet is a large _______. We can go sailing in my _______. I want to be an astronaut and ride a _______. It’s more practical to take the _______ when going around the city.

Synonyms

Choose the word that has the similar meaning as the underlined word in the sentence.

1)

I will allow you to go to the theater after you clean your room. a. c. diverse control b. d. permit console

2)

When we leave for the states, my brother will retain our VW beetle. a. c. destroy take off b. d. keep fumigate

3)

This cream is guaranteed to diminish pimples. a. c. lessen display b. d. increase sharpen

4)

We must hurry if we are to be there before three o’clock. a. c. fluctuations noise b. d. start swishing

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5) The clamor woke me up first; then I saw the fire fighter trucks next. a. c. fluctuations noise b. d. start swishing

6) You must initiate contact with them tomorrow. a. c. end middle b. d. begin collapse

7) To the victor goes the spoil. a. c. champion court jester b. d. loser queen

8) The answer is right in front of you! a. c. problem solution b. d. disaster question

9) In a drawn-out speech, he enumerated this year’s tax collection flaws. a. c. lengthy empty b. d. short outrageous

10) I work as Marketing Specialist for an international brand. a. c. Antonyms shrivel unemployed b. d. delegate occupation

Choose the opposite of the underlined word in the sentence.

1)

Don’t talk to strangers. a. c. boss friends b. d. lawyers animals

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2)

I lost my text book and need a replacement. a. c. gave away found b. d. took sold

3)

You must brush your teeth after every meal. a. c. before tonight b. d. during Monday

4)

It’s quite easy to make rice cake. a. c. horrible happy b. d. difficult silly

5)

I am proud to announce this year’s winner is Mr. Liceralde. a. c. diligent ashamed b. d. scared ecstatic

6)

If you leave me now, you take away the biggest part of me. a. c. depart circumvent b. d. go away arrive

7)

To Sonny, the glass is always half full. a. c. overflowing cherished b. d. empty overwhelmed

8)

I like room temperature chocolate because it is soft. a. c. shiny cracked b. d. laminated hard

9)

I have to take a make-up exam because I was absent yesterday. a. c. present attendant b. d. gift participated

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10)

I believe Adam Sandler is one of the funniest celebrities today. a. c. disbelieve loyal b. d. achieve distrust

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