There are three methods of communication research

1. Cencus method

2. Survey method

3. Obesevation method

Every method of communication research is totally different from each other. Each methods are totally different from eachother

1. Historical Research : - It is related to the subject and what wasthe common factor to occur that went. History is the queen of all sciences. To find the related data

from the past things.

To find the related data from the past things. It is based on libraries, achieves, govt.

Records, personal records.

Historical research is done for people (eg. If you want to know about Gandhiji, then you find it from net, library etc.), (eg. On place of Tajmahal it wa shiv temple (Tej-maha-alay).

So find the truth of it by researching on it), for if you will have to read geography it age (e.g: Kalamyug, Gandhi Yug, Ramyug) Interaction (the related points of the subject should also be seen eg.painting of that age, etc. Which shows the visualisation of that age.

Researcher is participant in secondary/ Historical Research. He reduces the data then uses that important data to support his thinking. Genuineness of data. It comes over the experience, minuteness of the subject.

Selecting the type of survey you are going to use is one of the most critical decisions in many

social research contexts. You'll see that there are very few simple rules that will make the decision for you -- you have to use your judgment to balance the advantages and disadvantages of different survey types. Here, all I want to do is give you a number of questions you might ask that can help guide your decision.

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It is related to the subject and what was the common factor to occur that went. History is the queen of all sciences.

»> To find the related data from the past things.

>>> To find the related data from the past things.

It is based on libraries, achieves, govt. Records, personal records.

Historical research is done for people (eg. If you want to know about Gandhiji, then you find it from net, library etc.),

On place of Tajmahal it wa shiv temple (Tej-maha-alay). So find the truth of it by researching on it), for if you will have to read geography it age (e.g: Kalamyug, Gandhi Yug, Ramyug)

Interaction (the related points of the subject should also be seen eg.painting of that age, etc. Which shows the visualisation of that age.

Researcher is participant in secondary/ Historical Research. He reduces the data then uses that important data to support his thinking.

Researcher is participant in secondary/ Historical Research. He reduces the data then uses that important data to support his thinking. Genuineness of data. It comes over the experience, minuteness of the subject.

1. Experimental method

It is most of all sciences. Inquisity & curiosity.

2. Problem which is defined. It is a tentative probability.

3. Control group experiments

- ego Journalism students will know about 100 politicians,

but when you made a research you come to know 20 politicians so your research goes wrong.

4. Open hammer & Pravada

» Cluster Sampling

Cluster sampling is a sampling technique used when "natural" groupings are evident in a statistical population. It is often used in marketing research. In this technique, the total population is divided into these groups (or clusters) and a sample of the groups is selected. Then the required information is collected from the elements within each selected group.

This may be done for every element in these groups or a subsample of elements may be selected within each of these groups. The technique works best when most of the variation in the population is within the groups, not between them.

» Stratified Random Sampling

In statistics, stratified sampling is a method of sampling from a population.

When sub-populations vary considerably, it is advantageous to sample each subpopulation (stratum) independently. Stratification is the process of grouping members of the population into relatively homogeneous subgroups before sampling. The strata should be mutually exclusive: every element in the population must be assigned to only one stratum. The strata should also be collectively exhaustive: no population element can be excluded. Then random

or systematic sampling is applied within each stratum. This often improves the representativeness of the sample by reducing sampling error. It can produce a weighted mean that has less variability than the arithmetic mean of a simple random sample of the population.

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