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What is ventilation ?

Ventilating (the Vin HVAC) is the process of "processing" or replacing air in

any space to provide high indoor air quality (i.e. to control temperature,
replenish oxygen, or remove moisture, odors, smoke, heat, dust, airborne
bacteria and carbon dioxide). Ventilation is used to remove unpleasant smells
and excessive moisture, introduce outside air, to keep interior building air
circulating, and to prevent stagnation of the interior air.

Ventilation includes both the exchange of an air to the outside as well as

circulation of air within the building.

What are the two basic types of ventilation ?

Why do we require ventilation in a building

Condensation is the change of the physical state of matter from gas phase into liquid phase,
and is the reverse of evaporation. Mostly refers to the water cycle.[1] It can also be defined as the
change in the state of water vapor to liquid water when in contact with a liquid or solid surface
or cloud condensation nuclei within the atmosphere.

Condensation is the process of water vapour in the air condensing from a gas into a liquid. In
buildings it occurs when warm moisture-laden air meets with cold vapour-resistant surfaces.
There are two primary types of condensation: surface condensation and interstitial

Surface Condensation

Surface condensation is condensation which occurs on the visible surfaces of a construction,

rather than between the layers. Internal surface condensation can promote mould growth,
thus reducing indoor air quality, as well as creating unsightly pattern staining. Thermal
bridges can undermine effective insulation and can contribute to the formation of surface
condensation as the heat is drawn out, leaving the inner surface cold.

Interstitial Condensation

Interstitial condensation is condensation which occurs between layers of the construction,

i.e. inside the roof, wall or floor elements. Interstitial condensation can cause deterioration
or even failure of the components of the assembly, potentially shortening their useful
lifespan. It is important to ensure an element is designed to avoid interstitial condensation, or
to create an adequate ventilation solution to remove any condensation that forms.

Evaporation is the process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas or vapor. Water boils
at 212 degrees F (100 degrees C), but it actually begins to evaporate at 32 degrees F (0 degrees
C); it just occurs extremely slowly. As the temperature increases, the rate of evaporation also

The amount of evaporation depends on the temperature, and it also depends on the amount of
water there is to evaporate. For example, there is not much evaporation occurring in the Sahara
Desert, but why? Although it can get extremely hot in the Sahara, it's just sand - there's just not
much water to be evaporated.

Here are world evaporation rates for both July and December, respectively.