LENRaries

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy

A New Era of Renewable Energy

A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy

About the Anthropocene Institute
In the 2000s, ‘Anthropocene’ was proposed as a new designation for the current geologic era, in which human
culture is recognized as the dominant force shaping Earth’s geology. Our use of energy from fossil fuels, which
limits today’s levels of human development, is not sustainable. The private sector, together with government at
all levels and the scientific community, must work together to deploy all appropriate and affordable technolo-
gies to avert the most dire impacts from climate change.

The Anthropocene Institute is an incubator for technologies, policies, and market mechanisms that address
global environmental challenges: climate change, biological diversity, and sustainability. It strives for a com-
mon global culture of innovation to address the interrelated ecological, socioeconomic, developmental, and
ethical challenges that humanity faces. Its location in the heart of Silicon Valley, combined with its unique un-
derstanding of entrepreneurship, policy-making, and global development priorities provides context in guiding
technological, institutional, and financial innovations needed to address the survivability of human civilization.
The Anthropocene Institute partners with private companies, universities, NGO’s, and government agencies in
supporting solutions that these institutions can not provide on their own.

The Anthropocene Institute supports innovations, including advanced nuclear technologies based on low en-
ergy nuclear reactions (LENR) and integrated molten salt reactors (iMSR), that promise to enable one cent per
kWh renewable energy, unsubsidized.

Visit www.anthropoceneinstitute.com/LENR to learn more and view recommended reading lists of articles in
scientific journals and authoritative reference books on LENR.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Grant W. Draper, Consultant

Mr. Draper has 12 years experience in climate, sustainability and energy industry research. In 2015, he launched
CapstreamX. com where he leads its advisory practice for businesses engaged in the critical resource sectors
of the economy – agriculture, energy and technology. Grant works with private companies, universities, NGO’s,
and government agencies focused on energy innovations that promise to avert climate change. Mr. Draper has
both a Master of Business Administration from Columbia University and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science
from the University of Alberta, Canada.

Dr. Frank Hiroshi Ling, Clean Energy Analyst

Dr. Ling is a clean energy analyst with the Anthropocene Institute. He has 13 years experience in climate and
energy policy research. Frank was previously research fellow at the Institute for Global Environmental Strate-
gies (IGES) and at Ibaraki University. He is editor of the book Climate Smart Development in Asia: Transition
to Low Carbon, Climate Resilient Economies and is a contributing author to the publication The Energy Revo-
lution Will Save Japan.

ANTHROPOCENE INSTITUTE
68 Willow Road, Menlo Park, CA 94025 USA
www.anthropoceneinstitute.com

A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................... 1

Why LENR ................................................................................. 2

What is LENR ............................................................................ 3

LENR Ecosystem ....................................................................... 5

• LENR Makers

• LENR Research & Development Organizations

• LENR Investment Funds

• LENR Equipment Suppliers

• LENR Nonprofit Organizations

Road Ahead for LENR ................................................................ 16

Endnotes ................................................................................... 19

Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey .............................................. 20

Appendix 2: LENR Ecosystem Directory .................................... 39

A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy This page intentionally left blank A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .

In the nearly three decades of LENR discovery. With the potential for LENR technologies to provide a new era of one-cent per kWh energy. While energy consumption in the US and most developed countries is expected to remain flat over 2017-401. These developments have led to a global resurgence in the field of LENR discovery. If LENR technologies can be developed to be commercially viable. LENRaries identifies 114 entities actively engaged in LENR discovery. 1 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . engineers and academics working to realize the dream of developing and commercializing renewable low energy nuclear reaction (LENR) technologies. including 55 that have raised more than $250 million to develop low-carbon LENR technologies. we could end our addiction to fossil fuels and meet global sustainability goals while achieving unprecedented improvements in standards of living. New energy technologies must therefore be ca- pable of competing on cost by displacing existing fossil fuel sources or by providing one cent per kWh energy access in developing countries. Several LENR Makers have reported reproducing the characteristic LENR excess heat phenomenon reliably. The race to develop verifiable. global energy demand is forecast to grow by at least 40%. entrepreneurs. LENR technologies are edging closer to being ready for development into various devices and serving a wide range of applications. Since the early 1990s. the field has progressed from simple electrolysis experiments to explorations of processes for transmuting elements and engineering devices capable of powering spacecraft. In terms of power density and duration. controllable and reproducible LENR technologies has advanced markedly. LENR has been the focus of a dedicated community of committed scientists and en- terprising entrepreneurs working to demonstrate the potential of LENR technologies with their experimental research. researchers. they have the potential to revolutionize the $7 trillion global energy industry while lowering the carbon emissions into the atmosphere and the oceans – a win-win for our planet and humanity. including commercial-level power generation.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Introduction LENRaries is a report on the growing global movement of scientists.

cheap transportation and shipping. James Hansen. abundant raw material inputs are required. Experimental evidence suggests LENR is very safe. Only a small amount of cheap. wind and nuclear energy sources. There are no high-energy neutrons or gamma rays. Specifically. LENR has 8 million times the energy density of chemical processes. Former NASA researcher and father of climate change awareness. experimental results suggest that LENR is capable of safely generating energy at low costs using metallic (Ni. solar. and 18 other scientists. efficient agriculture that uses less cropland and fossil-based chemicals while promoting greater biodiversity and a fully cradle-to-cradle upcycling of waste products into new feedstocks. We would enjoy clean air and water. offering multiple advantages over existing fossil fuel. 2 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . According to NASA. and hydrogen. No government-regulated materials are used in the development of LENR reactor systems. just soft x-rays from the beta decay into helium-4. Pd) nickel and/or palladium-platinum nano-powders and hydrogen gas while produc- ing no harmful byproducts. one of the planet’s most abundant metals.2 LENR does not require radioactive materials and does not seem to generate radioactive byproducts or risk dangerous chain reactions. A number of the LENR Makers profiled have developed prototype LENR systems capable of creating excess energy between 1. the most abundant element.5 and 20 times the energy required to catalyze and operate the system. LENR technologies embody humanity’s goal of generating energy consistently. LENR technologies require no expensive or toxic materi- als or processing steps.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Why LENR The IPCC has predicted a sea level rise of up to one meter by 2100. have ar- gued that the UN body’s assessment is too conservative as it doesn’t factor in the potential disintegration of the polar ice sheets which could cause ‘several meters’ rise in a century. at a large scale with low input costs and high energy density. swamping coastal cities. With LENR. if emissions are not constrained. and so a quick path to regulatory approval would be feasible. A new era of one cent per kWh renewable energy would enable a future of sustainable abundance and pros- perity. the fuel inputs are virtually limitless: nickel (Ni). Interest in low-carbon LENR technologies is driven by their potential to be a disruptive game changing force. LENR technologies have the capacity to scale up for powering existing generation plant turbines at 600 degree C and scale down for distributed generation applications such as water heaters.

and provide high flux protons and electron current. Dr. by the inputs (hydrogen) and outputs (helium-4 and transmutation products) but LENR looks not-at-all like fusion when judged as a plasma physicist might by telltale radioactive signatures. Excess heat at the milliwatt to the kilowatt scale has been observed. Miles. and impurities. With LENR reactions. Melvin Miles’ experiment at China Lake provided one of the first quantitative characterizations of the outputs from a low energy nuclear reaction.4 3 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Exploration of weak force nuclear reactions fizzled as more reliable and repeatable strong force nuclear reaction research took the lead.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy What Is LENR The first documented case of LENR discovery was in the 1920s by the American Chemical Society which pub- lished a report on helium production from an exploding wire experiment. but with far less high-energy radiation than fusion. Weak x-rays are observed along with tracks from other nuclear particles. Contrary to conventional myth. which are above the energy levels expected from chemical reactions. Popularized at the University of Utah in 1989. What we have learned since 1989 is that the anomaly owes much more to the material sciences than “Cold Fusion”. It is important to note that the circumstances associated with LENR or “Cold Fusion” are not the same as those of “Hot Fusion”. The anomaly identified as “Cold Fusion” has been replicated a many times over. Several successful excitation ignition systems have been developed including heat. it is entirely possible to go from hydrogen to helium by side-stepping the Coulomb barrier and converting hydrogen to helium which releases a lot of energy. the “Cold Fusion” experiments announced in 1989 at the University of Utah were confirmed. increase surface area. including nickel. According to Dr. Solid transition metals host the reaction. In 1995. high currents and overlapping shock waves. observed excess heat drastically exceeds any known or feasible chemical reactions with what LENR scientists and researchers term positive coefficients of performance (COPs). Ash products show evidence of metal isotopes gaining mass in the reactor cores as if from neutron accumulation. dual lasers.3 LENR Makers have discovered that LENR reactions are small enough so a custom designed excitation ignition system can stimulate the reaction to work reliably. a low energy nuclear reaction releases helium-4 and excess heat in the same proportion as hot fusion. but neutron emissions and gamma rays were observed to be at least six orders of magnitude lower than expected. In this respect. pressure. Many researchers in the field of LENR discovery believe the reactions leverage the weak nuclear force. cracks. Many observations show that a metal hydride driven far out of equilibrium by some excitation stimulus is capa- ble of transmuting to produce helium-4 and heat energy in a similar ratio to that expected from fusion. Tritium is observed in varying concentrations. LENR reactions can plausibly be characterized as weak force transmutation reactions. in contrast to the strong force that fission and fusion reactions leverage. A chemist might speculate that LENR looks like fusion. LENR is a low energy nuclear reaction that occurs at lower temperatures than traditional nuclear fis- sion or fusion energy reactions. Enhanced concentration of deuterium and tritium are also observed. In many experiments with LENR. and below that of the astronomically high tem- perature and pressures required for nuclear fusion. palladium and platinum. Most materials used in LENR systems are treated to create and manipulate flaws. holes. defects.

the production of excess heat from the anom- alies on-demand. on four continents. there is no scientific consensus to explain how it works. LENR reactions are driven by slow moving. but can readily be confirmed by isotope changes) that react with protons.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Throughout the 1990s. Fission experts expect fasting moving. While empirical evidence of LENR abounds. According to the theory of Proton Electron Capture. which proposes D-D fusion occurring within the vacancies throughout the surface of a constrained metal lattice in Ni/Pd-D LENR systems. 2000s. 4 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . LENR reactions are challenging to reproduce. The most com- mon reason why many LENR replications produce intermittent COP results is the lack of real-time control of the reactions. transporting and controlling on-demand the anomaly has eluded many scientists. controlling LENR reactions has proven to be challenging. Reproducing. Sometimes it’s there. experiment and work to validate LENR systems. The LENR Ecosystem enjoys a compendium of competing scientific the- ories that attempt to explain how it works. hot neutrons to break fissile atoms up. This is also why incontrovertible proof of the LENR phenomenon has been elusive. hydrogen-4 that beta decays to helium-4. tritium (T). To bring forth LENR reactions that produce over-unity energy. The anomalies occurring in LENR are found in nature and have been observed and confirmed many times over. researchers and enthusiasts working in the field of LENR discovery. ultra cold neutrons (which cannot be detected by neutron detectors. Unlike more reliable fission reactions. driven far out of equilibrium by some excitation system involving proton flux and probably electromigration of atoms in a metal (Pd. Four popular theories for LENR that fit within the standard model of physics are: • Widom-Larsen which involves the weak nuclear force and beta decay. Ni) lattice-constrained space is required. much less control. which says protons in a metal lattice can capture an electron and become an ultra-cold neutron which then get “mopped-up” by moving protons that become deuterium (D). researchers using different methods. • Hagelstein Spin-Boson Oscillator. however they have yet to be fully understood. It took mankind eons before understanding the chemical processes involved in fire and decades after the com- mercialization of x-rays before fully appreciating how they work. and 2010s. but mostly not. much less controlled for commercial purposes. Intellectual honesty demands that we get comfortable with uncertainty when we seek to discover. report- ed having observed net-energy generating low energy nuclear reactions. a metal lattice heavily loaded with hydrogen isotopes. and • Proton Electron Capture. • Bose-Einstein Condensation Nuclear Fusion which suppresses the Coulomb barrier for fusion.

China and India respectively. we relied on publicly reported and available information that was compiled from news reports. In determining the participating entities for inclusion in the LENR EcoSystem. 31 are from European nations. research and development in LENR discovery has gone largely unnoticed by mainstream media. R&D Organization and Equipment Supplier stake- holders. publications and websites. Critics of LENR cite the need to fully understand the underlying physics before there can be an engineering pathway forward in developing commercial-level LENR technologies or a successful licensing business model.5 Since the highly publicised announcement of “Cold Fusion” in 1989 at the University of Utah. Indeed. research institutions. The other 3 entities are from Australia. 5. many longtime participants in the LENR Ecosystem point out that earlier technologies such as x-rays were commercialized before being fully understood. In surveying LENR Makers. researchers and engineers in the LENR field are poised to join the new era of renewable energy with state sponsorships for R&D and more than $250 million in funding from industrial companies. Non-Profit. there were 114 entities actively engaged in LENR R&D across four continents – Asia-Australia. conference proceedings. 19 from Japan and 6. Europe and North America. one could easily fall prey to the notion that modern science has largely explained the universe and that only the details need to be filled in. A total of 45 are US-based. private equity billionaires and high-net-worth investors. expansive working compound cylinder – right down to the steam turbine were essential- ly successive pathways in engineering and solved in practice before they were solved in theory.7 For LENR Makers. inklings. At the beginning of 2017. When we surveyed LENR Makers on what would be most useful in helping them to strengthen their R&D ef- forts. Investor.6 As we prepare to enter the 2020s. Canada and Korea. it’s clear that some participants are guided by hunches.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Ecosystem The LENR Ecosystem includes Maker. experienced entrepreneurs and investment funds – is an exciting development especially when it comes to shaking-off the reputation of “Cold Fusion” as a placeholder for pathological science. we examined over 70 commercial entities that were or at one time had been purporting to be researching and developing LENR-related applications and technologies. The successive developments of the steam engine – separate condenser. scientists. The global resurgence and expanding universe of LENR stakeholders – deep-pocketed commercial entities. 5 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . In response. they ranked more funding the highest. and 5 are from Russia. Others it can be argued are still wandering in the jungle of LENR discovery hoping they don’t lose sight of the fact that Nature rarely gives up her secrets easily. clues and aha moments. clean energy technology investors and the scientific community.

engineers and partnerships. 6 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Snoswell Chemonuclear Fusion Project The Chemonuclear Fusion Project is a crowd funding initiaitve to n/a Phil Lang US fund development of chemonuclear fusion R&D projects. Anderson Canada Boeing Phantom Works Boeing’s R&D division involved in prototyping. scien. conducting research experiments. Brilliant Light Power Brilliant Light Power (formerly Blacklight) is developing SunCells Hydrogen Randell Mills US using water as the source of hydrogen fuel to form Hydrinos. First Gate Energies First Gate is a pioneer in using acoustic cavitation to produce an Cavitation Roger Stringham US LENR effect. Ni alloy Hideki Yoshino and Japan sities to R&D and prototype a commercial LENR/CMNR device. As the list of LENR Makers illustrates. Most LENR Makers be they early growth-stage or industrial companies. fuses hydrogen atoms with Cavitation Richard Philpott US extreme pressure cavitation to release energy. Copper-Ni Hagen Ruff and Mark US research and development. LENRaries profiles 55 commercial LENR Makers engaged in discovery efforts. Cavitation Eleonora J. Burst Labs Burst Labs (formerly Impulse Devices). Europe and North America. Organization Description Technology Leadership Country Airbus Group Innovations (AGI) AGI manages Airbus Group's network of research facilities. controllable on-demand and can scale with commercial-level potential. Inc. and Allan Widom land Clean Planet. billionaires. nano-particles Masanao Hattori Coolescence Coolescence is engaged in Pd-D loading LENR research experi. Brillouin Energy Corporation Brillouin is developing LENR technologies capable of producing Ni-H Robert Godes US commercial amounts of thermal energy. Clean Nuclear Power LLC Clean Nuclear Power is a Lugano-based start-up developing clean Pd. LENR R&D activities are underway in Asia. govern- ments and international consortia has provided a significant push for commercializing LENR applications by the 2020s. Pd-D Rick Cantwell and US ments. Li Yogendra Srivastava Switzer- LENR energy. Ni-H Jean-Francois Geneste France tists. which many believe will prove to be a successful pathway for reliably reproducing commercial-level applications and products. invest- ment in LENR Makers is expected to double to $500 million by 2020. much of the interest and work in researching and developing LENR tech- nologies is focused on a nickel-hydrogen process. Chairman Finland production utilizing alternative energy sources. long-lived radiation or strong prompt radiation. Clean Planet leads a partnership with HEAD and Japanese univer. Elers. Matt McConnell Etiam Oy Etiam develops innovative products for affordable clean energy Ni-H Dr. and designing. 8 The objective for most LENR Makers is to develop and fabricate working LENR technologies that are repro- ducible. In addition to the promise of becoming a new low-cost renewable energy source. of advanced military n/a Leanne Caret US technologies. LENR Makers Growing interest and involvement in R&D for LENR technologies from global industrials. With more than $250 million raised to support commercial R&D entities in the last five years. operate their busi- nesses on a start-up scale with less than 20 employees according to respondents to our LENR Makers survey. building and testing prototypes. CHAVA Energy LLC CHAVA Energy is an innovator in the field of energy technology Hydrogen.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy i. Amoterra A Canadian radioactive waste management company. Yiannis Ventikos. Ni-H. LENR technologies represent an alternative source that does not produce greenhouse gases. First Light Fusion First Light Fusion is developing a process for achieving practical Cavitation Nick Hawker and UK and affordable fusion energy.

Hans-Peter Bermin Industrial Heat. Ni alloy George Miley US Plasma and Radiological at room temperature without any heat or elecrical input for use nano-particles Engineering) by NASA. boats. a Hydrogen generation Robert Vancina Australia scaleable device designed for clean hydrogen generation. E-Cat JT Vaughn US clean and efficient energy sources. LockTherm LLC LockTherm is an innovative R&D team working to successfully Ni-H. (MHI) and electronics company headquartered in Tokyo. Heliorite AB Heliorite AB is an independent science and technology develop. Leonardo Corporation Leonardo is the developer of the QuarkX e-cat which is related to E-Cat. LENR Cities Suisse Sàrl LENR-Cities supports the development of an ecosystem for n/a Georges Albert de Switzer- researchers. Jet Energy Inc. 7 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Andrey Hrischanovich LUX Energy Ltd. Mongardini Lattice Energy LLC Co-promoter of Widom-Larsen-Srivastava theory. trains and cars) land without CO2 emissions or waste. Koji Fujimori and Takehiko Nishida Murata Manufacturing Co. scientists and entrepreneurs in the LENR industry. Ni-H Birger Johannson Sweden ment company. High Mesa Technology High Mesa Technology provides contract assistance for LENR n/a Tom Claytor US research experiments. LLC (IH) LENR technology developer focused on advancing efforts on new. Ni-H Andrea Rossi US the E-Cat and the Rossi Effect.. Transmutation Shigenori Tsuruga. treatment Kressen Ltd Kresenn is developing commercial energy production solutions Pd-D Angelo Ovidi. Yutaka Tanaka. Massimo UK for Francesco Celani's LENR applications. Jay Khim Guangzhou with co-Energy Guangzhou with co-Energy Technology Company is engaged in n/a Lin Xidan China Technology Company. Is TECH Is TECH is a group of managers and scientists with experience in Metal-Hydrogen Paolo Tripodi Italy working on scientific and industrial research. MHI is a Japanese multinational engineering. LD-Brane srls LD-Brane is a R&D focused startup in the field of LENR technol. Lux Energy is organized to identify n/a Alexander Rios and US LENR technologies to license. capacitors. Japan Ltd. Lenuco (Dept. Japan. Victoria Stephens Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. n/a Tsuneo Murata Japan Ltd. Hope Cell Technologies Hope Cell Technologies are the producers of the Hope Cell. An affiliate Industrial Heat. JWK Technologies Corporation JWK provides contract engineering services to clients including Nuclear waste Larry Forsley US the US Dept of Defense (DOD). acquire or invest in. LiAlh4 Sergei Godin and Russia replicate LENR experiments. Murata manufactures ceramic passive electronic components. Ltd. JET Energy is a developer of the NANOR® and PHUSOR® LENR/ NANOR. North European licensee of Leonardo Corporation's QuarkX E-Cat QuarkX E-Cat Magnus Holm and Sweden LENR device. the development of LENR technology. Kenji Muta. antennae and other nanoscale technology. Lightstone Technologies Lightstone is a developer of nuclear fusion prototype systems to Dr. of Nuclear. n/a Luca Gamberale Italy ogies. Sergio Calqueiro Germany produce electricity on demand.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Organization Description Technology Leadership Country Global Energy Corporation GEC is focused on the development and commercialization of n/a Lawrence Fosley and US (GEC) hybrid fusion-fast-fission LENR technology. LENR Cars SA Developer of patent-pending power generators based on LENR n/a Nicolas Chauvin Switzer- technology for electric vehicles ( aircarft. Hydro Fusion Ltd. electrical equipment. Tadashi Shimazu. including semiconductors. Lenuco develops LENR technology capable of producing energy Ni-H. Lattice Energy is Metal-Hydrides Lewis Larsen US researching and developing next-generation LENR power devices. Montmollin land LENRGY LLC LENERGY seeks to provide emerging energy solutions based on Pd-D Edmund Storms US LENR technologies. ZrO2-Pd Mitchell Swartz US LANR (lattice assisted nuclear reaction) devices. Ni-H-Li.

Magnitskii and Dr. Purratio AG Developer of SolFire LENR technologies for the controlled utiliza. Developer of clean alternative energy (LENR.R. Metal Hydrides Ubaldo Mastromatteo Switzer- (NYSE:STM) tor manufacturer. Michael McKubre STMicroelectronics S. Plasmoid N. Seashore Research.R. Nukey Europe provides guidance for using LENR technologies to Transmutation Angelo Ovidi UK remediate nuclear waste. Brillouin Energy reported that researchers at SRI International successfully replicated “over unity” amounts of thermal energy (heat) for the company’s most advanced Isoperibolic (“IPB”) Hydrogen Hot Tube™ (HHT™) LENR systems. Ni-H Tony La Gatta Italy technologies. A new research consortium led by Tohoku University and Clean Planet launched in 2015 to develop LENR technologies for power devices and the trans- mutation of nuclear waste. Thermax. (ST) STMicroelectronics is a multinational electronics and semiconduc. Nissan Motor Corporation.Evstigneev Nichenergy S. Technovia is a LENR R&D leader in provid. Metal Nano-cluster Anatoly Klimov. TSEM An Italian company focusing on energy. LLC Seashore Research is the commercial entity set-up and supported Metal Hydrides Robert Duncan and US by Texas Tech University to conduct R&D in LENR.Unnikrishnan India sustainable solutions. Pd-D Akito Takahashi Japan Corporation) ing research grants and advocating for government support. N. Japan’s renewed focus on LENR research is an outgrowth of its industrial leadership in the new hydrogen economy and the 3/11 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. mitchev-Zamilov “ Royal Dutch Shell plc Shell is an Anglo-Dutch multinational oil and gas company head. n/a Slobodan Stankovic. NMC manufactures vehicles in 20 countries and regions and Metal-Hydrides Carlos Ghosn Japan Ltd. Brillouin Energy and JET Energy. Pd-D Ben van Beurden France quartered in the Netherlands. Unified Gravity Corporation UGC was established to experimentally prove Hubert and Stephen Li-H Hubert Lipinski. fusion and plasma) Cavitation "Max Fo. TET Laboratory of Experimen. Mike US Lipinski's groundbreaking research. Ti-D Andrew Hrischanovich Russia tal Physics electrolysis. Technova (Toyota Motor A subsidiary of (TMC).L.L An R&D company with an innovative proprietary process for Ni-H Francesco Piantelli Italy producing energy from nickel-hydrogen in a LENR reaction. have demonstrated and tested prototypes of their LENR systems at SRI International and Peter Hagelstein’s laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nology. security and healthcare Pd-D. (NMC) offers innovative products and services in 160 countries. LENR and magnets. 8 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Nee US tion.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Organization Description Technology Leadership Country NanoSpire Inc NanoSpire is commercializing cavitation re-entrant jet-based tools Cavitation Mark L. LeClair US and processes. Ltd. and Federico Giovanni land Ziglioli Swiss OxyHydrogen Energy Swiss OxyHydrogen Energy is a LENR technology developer. In January. respectively. Experimentalists working to develop devices based on plasma Ti-H. Quantum Potential Corpora. LLC metal alloys. Nukey Europe Ltd. Russia tific groups and researchers. Palmer and Stephen Lipinski US-based LENR Makers.S. India-based Thermax is a global leader in providing integrated LiAlh4 M. New Inflow The company aggregates the research efforts of disparate scien. NeoFire NeoFire is a Swedish startup working to develop and market a LiAlh4 Peter Björkbom Sweden new practical energy source based on LENR. Target Technology is a developer of thin film corrosion resistant n/a Han H. US tion USA (QPC) technologies. Switzer- (SOHO) Gregory Krieger and land Richard Anderson Target Technology Corpora. Pa-H Richard Reichmann Germany tion of fusion energy.

Ja- pan’s collaborative approach to R&D for LENR technologies includes industry. including the central research labora- tory of TMC. This approach was on full display at the ICCF-20 conference in October 2016 with more than 70 Japanese LENR scientists and researchers in attendance. The Nikkei also forecast LENR applications to be- come a $100 Billion global market by 2025.9 MHI reported having observed transmutations of cesium (Cs) to praseodymium (Pr). India’s aim is utilize LENR technol- ogies to provide their people with access to a low-cost. and strontium (Sr) to molybdenum (Mo). In a 2016 news report from Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. 9 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Japan’s largest financial news organization. many LENR researchers in Japan are confident LENR will rise to a national level project that will attract an even greater number of researchers into the field of LENR discovery. leadership on R&D in LENR technologies is taking a similar path to China. and entrepreneurial start-up companies. academia. identified LENR as one of 100 technologies that could disrupt the world. and Nissan Motor Corporation are spon- soring LENR R&D on the nuclide transmutation of elements for the remediation of radioactive waste. Industrial manufacturing companies. interest in LENR is such that the Nikkei. and the generation of excess heat. as well as energy generation.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Funded by the government’s New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). China’s efforts are being conducted at a select number of academic institutions and government labs. Research and development into LENR technologies aligns with China’s Green Growth policies and the coun- try’s latest Five-Year Plan. barium (Ba) to samarium (Sm). has catalyzed interest in LENR from private and public sectors in Japan. the industrial manufacturing company claimed it had developed processes and technologies for the transmutation of elements using nanostructure multi-layer re- actional film to transmute elements at low cost. In Japan. In India. government. Toyota Motor Corporation (TMC). Indian atomic scientist Mahadeva Srinivasan is leading an effort to revive LENR discovery efforts at the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) that had ceased in the 1990s because of scientific stigmatization. Publications like the Nikkei Asian Review and the Asahi Newspa- per regularly cover the latest developments at Tohoku University and Clean Planet. Several private entities not previously associated with LENR attended to learn more about the latest LENR discoveries and explore new business opportunities. together with leadership from Clean Planet. Other Japanese R&D organizations have publicly reported the transmutation of Cs to Pr. The ICCF-20 conference attracted sever- al new Japanese academics and newcomers from industry. Entering their second year of state sponsorship by NEDO. First-time ICCF presenters included researchers from Kyoto University and Waseda University. including Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). Official support of LENR from the government through NEDO. clean and inexhaustible energy resource. Japanese scientists and researchers working on LENR discovery have demonstrated technologies that repro- ducibly convert elements.

Sports. Bhaduri Iwate University Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science is engaged in Pd-Ni. and Srikumar Banerjee EarthTech International A privately funded R&D group exploring novel ideas in physics. India Centre (BARC) production. Hydrogen Engineering HEAD is an independent research unit led by Tadahiko Mizuno and sup. shaw and Fred Beach Hydrobetatron Italian scientific association promoting the "open source" development of n/a Ugo Abundo Italy LENR. Ni-H. Pd-Ag Shinya Narita Japan LENR discovery. including SRI International. Energiforsk (Energy Research Energiforsk is the Swedish energy industry’s research institute. Michinari Kobe University Kobe University’s Department of Nuclear Engineering is engaged in LENR n/a Akira Kitamura Japan discovery. treatment Kyoto University Kyoto University has a dedicated LENR research group studying semicon. including LENR. Moscow The Kurchatov Institute is one of Russia's leading research center with a Nuclear waste Mikhail Kovalchuk Russia large interdisciplinary laboratory. 10 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Department of Atomic Energy DAE is engaged in the development of nuclear power technologies in the n/a Anil Kakodkar India fields of agriculture. n/a Katsuaki Tanabe Japan ductor nano shells. vasan Center for Emerging Energy Research operation bridging physics and chemistry to determine the origin Ni-H. materials technology. or chemistry. Cold Fusion Power Interna. statistical noise. Some of the experiments suffered from serious uncontrolled variables or exhibited nonlinear output. electronics & instrumentation. Ni alloy Robert Duncan US Sciences (CEES) at TTU of the LENR anomalous heat effect.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy ii. Korea Advanced Institute KAIST is Korea's science and technology organizaton focused on develop. Ni-H Magnus Olofsson Sweden Institute) Energy Institute Research The Energy Institute is an organization at the University of Texas at Austin n/a Thomas Grim. and Energiforsk have reported experimental tests on LENR systems. nano-particles and Hideki Company (HEAD) Yoshino Indira Gandhi Centre for IGCAR is India's scientific research and advanced engineering program for n/a Arun Kumar India Atomic Research the development of fast breeder reactor nuclear technology. which has led to many reports indicating nothing out of the ordinary. n/a Delin Wang China weapons and materials technology. US Affiliate. LENR R&D Organizations More than 30 highly respected LENR R&D organizations. Ni alloy Tadahiko Mizuno Japan Application & Development ported by Clean Planet. Energy and Sustainable Pd-D Vittorio Violante Italy Economic Development. Culture. UT at Austin focused on studying energy policy. medicine. (KAIST) Kurchatov Institute. n/a Sunwon Park Korea of Science and Technology ing world-class scientists capable of applied research. Tohoku University. industry and basic research. Laboratory of high energy physics and international center of fundamental Pd-D Edward Tsyganov Russia tional physics. JST is a funding agency under the Ministry of Education. n/a Hamaguchi Japan gy Agency (JST) Science and Technology in Japan. Organization Description Technology Leadership Country Bhabha Atomic Research Multi-disciplinary research center for advanced R&D in nuclear power Pd-D Mahadeva Srini. Many of those experimental tests of LENR technologies have produced the characteristic LENR excess heat phenomenon – more heat than could be explained by experimental error. and Pd-Li Japan Science and Technolo. Chinese Nuclear Society (CNS) CNS is China's multi-disciplinary organization for advanced nuclear power. It is challenging to observe nanoscale variation in materials which is widely believed to account for the inconsistent history in the reproducibility of LENR experiments. nano-particles Chinese Academy of Sciences CASS is China's premier academic organization and comprehensive n/a Zhang Wu-Shou China (CASS) scientific research center. n/a Harold Puthoff US ENEA Research Labs Italian National Agency for New Technologies.

Japan Research Division. Southern Utah University SSU has a research program to develop methodologies for characterizing n/a Sangho Bok US (SSU) nuclear reactions. Brady Spazionica An R&D focused entity working in frontier science both experimentally and Ni-H Francesco Italy theoretically. Pease US Nuclear Renaissance (SKINR) LENR reactions. Organization (NEDO) Nickel-Hydrogen Research The Nickel-Hydrogen Research Center is located in the Huayan Industrial Ni-H n/a China Center Park on the southwest side of Tianjin. King Russian Academy of Sciences RAS is a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian n/a Vladimir Fortov Russia (RAS) Federation. Santandrea SRI International SRI is a nonprofit research center helping clients to take R&D from the n/a Fran Tanzella US laboratory to the marketplace. Patrick US Systems Command (SPAWAR) evaluation for military C4ISR systems. ReResearch LLC ReResearch is an institute dedicated to materials research in the renew. Tokyo Kosen is an accredited engineering school located 50km west of the n/a Kenichi Tsuchiya Japan gy (Tokyo Kosen) city center.J. NASA Langley Research NASA's Langley Research Center focuses primarily on aeronautical n/a Doug Wells US Center research including high-profile space missions. 11 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Guffey. Quantum Gravity Research Quantum Gravity Research is a physics research group working to discov. Nagel US conducts courses on LENR. n/a Ken Naitoh and Japan Hideo Ishii The aim of LENR R&D Organizations is to evaluate experimental LENR technologies in order to validate net-en- ergy output and present theoretical and practical explanations of what is occurring in the LENR reactor sys- tems being tested. Quantum Rabbit LLC Quantum Rabbit is dedicated to unlocking the promise of LENR induced n/a Edward Esko US transmutation for nuclear waste. China.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Organization Description Technology Leadership Country Kyushu University Kyushu University houses the International Research Center of Hydrogen n/a Chiharu Kubo Japan Energy. Science for Humanity Trust A platform for collaboration among the global scientific community. Space and Naval Warfare SPAWAR is the US Navy’s warfare systems command focused on R&D and n/a Rear Adm. Swedish Defence Materiel FMV provides defense logistics to the Swedish Armed Forces. publishes reports and educational materials and n/a David J. New Energy and Industrial NEDO is Japan's new energy and applied R&D gov't agency leading a n/a Kazuo Furukawa Japan Technology Development research consortium working on LENR R&D at leading unverisities. Takehiko Itoh and Jirohta Kasagi Waseda University Waseda University has an R&D program for rocket propelled engines. NUCAT Energy NUCAT Energy consults. Osaka University Osaka is Japan’s sixth largest university and it is engaged in LENR n/a Norman Cook Japan discovery. National Institute of Advanced NIAS is an Indian multi and interdisciplinary research and evidence n/a Baldev Raj India Studies research organization. Natural Science Foundation of The NSFC is a major source of funding for conducting basic scientific and n/a Yang Wei China China (NFSC) technical research. Yang Tang and P. Ni-H Abraham Langlet Sweden Administration (FMV) Tohoku University A national university housing the Condensed Matter Nuclear Reaction Joint n/a Yasuhiro Iwamura. n/a Mason J. National Institute of Technolo. US able energy sector. n/a Klee Irwin US (QGR) er a Theory of Everything. US mann Sidney Kimmel Institute for SKINR is dedicated to finding the origin of the anomalous heat effect in Pd-D Dennis C. n/a Richard Reich.

Lomonosov Moscow State University. Scientists and researchers from the Navy’s SPAWAR. Participants include scientists and researchers from the Russian Physical Society. With an expressed willingness to test-drive “new ideas”.10 The release of the SPAWAR DTRA Report attracted senior-level Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Energy (DOE) attention including officials from NASA and the US Air Force’s SBIR Program. Nuclear Society of Russia. Russian People’s Friendship University and the Russian Academy of Sciences. In the US. the 115th US Congress and President Trump are thought to be open to the idea of encouraging a new approach to funding and supporting the LENR discovery process in the US. government research grants) sources of financing become more widely available and institutional bias at leading scientific stigmatization continues to diminish. 12 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . The Advanced Nuclear Technology Development Act of 2017 removes technology barriers that limit private-sector interest and encourages US national labs to demonstrate potential commercial appli- cations and build a new nuclear research facility.V. the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) and NASA have published scientific papers on their experiments and investigations into LENR discovery.e. there are regularly scheduled meetings on “Cold Fusion and Ball Lightning”. M. In Russia. LENR Makers are poised to benefit from third-party validations of their LENR technologies as greater resourc- es and increased access to non-dilutive (i. The coming September will mark the 24th annual Russian Conference on Cold Nuclear Transmutation of Chemical Elements and Ball Lightning in Sochi.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Consortia and public-private partnerships in Japan and the European Union led by the Italian national agency for new technologies. including access to financing and highly-respected lab facilities. Interest from US Defense agencies in LENR technologies has led to the LENR discovery activities of aerospace giants . energy and sustainable economic development (ENEA) have been organized to provide LENR Makers with support to assist them in validating and reporting on their LENR technologies.Airbus and Boeing. Growing the volume of independent validation reports of LENR technologies from LENR R&D Organizations will be crucial to realizing commercial-level success. Russian Mendeleev Chemical Society. various government agencies have demonstrated a strong interest with growing support for LENR R&D.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy iii. The degree of difficulty in determining optimal conditions is significant and arguably presents one of the highest barriers for LENR Makers to overcome.4 million ($950. set aside in a "patient capital" fund. Un- like many other new energy technologies. Dewey Weaver US IP Group plc UK-based publicly-traded VC firm investing in world-changing businesses. LLC (TEM Capital) is a fund manager for the John T.Transformative Energy and Materials Capital. Transformative Energy Materi. which has disbanded its practice of “special secret patent detention” or SAWS. The aim of LENR Investment Funds is to achieve an outsized return on their investments in LENR technologies. LENR Makers are eligible for new funding opportunities to gain greater notoriety and financial support from their participation in national and international “Hero-X” and “X-Prize” competitions with the objective to re- ward the developers of new transformational renewable energy technologies. J.42 million) Neil Woodford UK agement Ltd. 13 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Growing activity by LENR Makers in filing patent applications both at the USPTO. Bill Gates has reportedly funded Seashore Research. With LENR technologies. Robert Trezona UK LENR Invest US-based operator two investment funds dedicated to investing in LENR commercial and Michael Halem US R&D companies. LENR Investment Funds Energy technology investors are attracted to LENR’s game-changing possibilities. Asset manager with £12. Cherokee Investment Partners led the funding for Industrial Heat to develop its LENR technologies. there are few regulatory hurdles to overcome and no need for pipelines or exotic and rare earth elements.5bn under management and £761. which is based at Texas Tech University and led by LENR luminaries Drs. The private equity fund stated that LENR discovery represented an area of useful research to fund in its quest to eliminate pollution. Medigest SA Lugano-based financial trust with a portfolio of investments in companies active in life Filippo de Jorio Switzerland sciences and LENR. and the USPTO’s national counterparts. is likely to help attract more investment dollars for LENR technologies. Woodford Investment Man. Preston US als (TEM) Capital Transformative Energy & Materials Fund I. Robert Duncan and Michael McKubre. Microsoft Co-Founder. LENR has the potential to displace existing fossil fuel and intermit- tent renewable power sources by providing a low-cost clean energy technology suitable for both centralized and distributed energy environments. Deep River Ventures Raleigh-based venture capital firm dedicated to making investments in US businesses. Access to the commercialization engines of billionaire private equity investors will afford LENR Makers with the resources and capabilities to commercialize their LENR technologies once they have successfully determined the optimal conditions for the reaction to generate a high enough COP for commercial-level applications. Organization Description Leadership Country Cherokee Investment Partners Investment management company with a series of private equity funds specializing in Tom Darden US waste remediation and industrial clean-up.

life saving. LENR Non-Profits Non-profit organizations in the LENR Ecosystem perform an invaluable role in convening and information shar- ing among LENR stakeholders. sourcing engineered materials and securing lab equipment for their R&D efforts. electronics semiconductor. Leap Forward Labs Online store offering tools. LENR-CANR Industry resource organization advocating for cold fusion to lower Jed Rothwell US energy costs. information and commu- nications markets. 11 14 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . With increasing support from LENR Investment Funds. research funds and private capital will flow into the Ecosystem which will lead to some amazing. National Instruments (NI) NI is a global leader in providing test. Martin Fleischmann Memorial Nonprofit in the field of LENR following the principle of live open Robert Greenyer. data and results openly online. Japan in October 2016. The next ICCF conference (ICCF-21) is planned for Raleigh. to counteract climate change. academics and industry for LENR experiments. which is organized by the International Society for Condensed Matter Nuclear Science. and Alan Goldwater The non-profit Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project (MFMP) is dedicated to demonstrating to the world that LENR is real through its widespread replication and validation of LENR experiments. Phonon Energy Nonprofit promoting clean energy solutions. exchanges research Kenichi Tsuchiya Japan (JCFR) information and convenes meetings between JCF. and life improving products. v. Organization Description Leadership Country Kyocera Kyocera is a supplier of components to equipment manufacturers Tetsuo Kuba. North Carolina in the spring of 2018. nuclear physics and fuel combustion.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy iv. Organization Description Leadership Country Cold Fusion Research A Japanese multi-disciplinary scientific laboratory engaged in Hideo Kozima Japan Laboratory LENR discovery research. more LENR Makers are likely to gain access to first-class facilities and equipment hastening the timeline for developing commercial-level LENR technologies. and control James Truchard US (Nasdaq: NATI) solutions for R&D companies. International Society of Nonprofit organization providing researchers in LENR with a forum Jean Paul Biberian UK Condensed Matter Nuclear to collaborate and share their findings. Mathieu Valat. chemicals and lab equipment to Alan Smith and Sam Hansson UK researchers. The Ecosystem’s most popular and longest standing event is the International Conference on Cold Fusion. LENRIA LENR industry group formed to organize and convene the LENR Steven Katinsky US ecosystem. measurement. LENR Commercial Equipment Suppliers Many LENR Makers have struggled with their calorimetry for accurately measuring COP. Brian Ahern UK Project (MFMP) science by sharing all procedures. Thunder Energies Corporation TEC is a R&D company featuring three cutting edge technologies Ruggero Santilli and George Gaines US (TEC) (TNRG:OTCQB) in the fields of optics. Science Japan CF Research Society JCFS studies "Cold Fusion" phenomena. The last ICCF conference was held at Sendai. including LENR David Daggett US technologies. Djuniadi Arifin Sagala Japan in the energy. MFMP believes once there is “incontrovertible proof” of LENR.

LENR-CANR. The open source “live science” initiative for LENR discovery has helped to encourage LENR Makers to lower their firewalls and share their experimental results in order to help speed-up the scientific process. experimental test reports and information on the many competing theories to explain LENR.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project .org and LEN- RIA have organized resources for LENR stakeholders on their websites including conference proceedings. Industry organizations including the Japan Cold Fusion Research Society (JCFR). MFMP organizes open-source “live science” experiments using a simple setup to produce excess heat based on Alexander Parkhomov’s LENR recipe.Open Live Science To make the biggest impact and overcome the hurdle of institutional bias and scientific stigma against the LENR phenomenon. to the whole plan of the project. MFMP has been successful in making the whole process. peer-reviewed articles. as transparent and under- standable as possible. including live webcasting of its experiments. from the apparatus to the procedures. 15 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .

Search engines and web directories were all over the Internet when Google launched. LENR Makers tempered their enthusiasm. achieving commercial-level applications and products . there were already several “e-Commerce” sites. Time and resource constraints could reward a consortium or consolidation approach. Consumer acceptance may prove to be a significant hurdle despite LENR’s promise of providing an abundant. when asked to assess their confidence-level in taking one of their working prototypes from the lab to market. 16 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Apple wasn’t the first to introduce the smart phone and Facebook wasn’t the first to unveil a social media platform but they both “got it right”. labs and highly respected research institutions having verified that the phenome- non is real and reproducible. 80% of LENR Makers agreed there would be greater understanding and interest from the public if they com- bined efforts to communicate their collective progress on LENR discovery.13 If developments in LENR discovery track those in other renewable energy technologies then we should expect the pathway to commercialization for LENR Makers to necessitate achieving success in a reasonable time pe- riod. It is also entirely pos- sible that with so many LENR Makers working on different system designs and materials.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Road Ahead for LENR The current timeline for LENR discovery and developing commercial-level LENR technologies is analogous to the period of scientific discovery of radioactivity by Rutherford and advances in quantum theory by his cohorts Niels Bohr. renewable energy source. suggests that we still have much to learn about solid state and condensed matter physics. Commercial success is often achieved by the first company to “get it right” and and not by the first one to en- ter a given market. Erwin Schroedinger and Max Planck nearly a century ago.14 It is unclear whether or not LENR technologies will face an uphill battle for regulatory approval although most LENR systems use no regulated or toxic materials. low-cost. Determining a theory of how LENR works .12 The capabilities of many LENR Makers to scale and control the reaction combined with the use of standard manufacturing processes that are imminently reproducible may be enough for LENR technologies to realize a successful licensing business model which will be an important commercial milestone. A survey of leading US companies in terms of market capitalizations illustrates this point. However. Even cloud-based software platforms were well established before Microsoft launched its popular cloud computing platform & services. academics. LENR Makers may be more motivated to focus their efforts on developing the most promising LENR technologies. that more than one approach or one company will be successful. When Amazon came along.is very likely to prove far more than just scientifically interesting. Surveyed LENR Makers reported ambitious commercial deployment timelines with three-quarters of respon- dents stating they expected to sign licensing deals with OEMs by 2020. in particular. The success of hundreds of esteemed LENR scientists.and.

Oxford. pasteurization) • Steam generation for electricity and other uses (electric power. artificial intelligence and “smart- phones” that can run dozens of applications from a single mobile device. it will be game chang- ing for society. central utilities. Caltech. especially in government national labs • Performing and disseminating an incontrovertible test of a commercial-level LENR system analogous to the discovery of radioactivity and the development of fission at the University of Chicago FERME lab • Persuading one of the scientific and academic establishment (i. 16 LENR commercialization is a stage-wise process for introducing new technologies and systems into the renew- able energy sector. With so many recent reports of successful tests of LENR technologies. residential) • Process heat (general industrial. a growing cohort of researchers and scientists are optimistically declaring that they have an engineering pathway to commercial-level applications and products. • Organizing and launching a sizeable multi-million dollar Stephen Hawking or X-Prize challenge for the advancement of LENR technologies • Ending the US Patent and Trademark Office’s foot-dragging in granting LENR patents • Modernizing how policymakers in the US. water desalination/purification). 17 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Cambridge. Our challenge then will be to determine how best to harness the inexpensive renewable power derived from LENR technologies. EU and Japan support R&D for breakthrough energy technolo- gies such as LENR. the most likely commercial applications for LENR technologies in descending rank order are: 15 • Hot water (industrial. The challenge of harnessing LENR technologies to empower a future of abundance is analogous to how we are learning to utilize inexpensive processing power in order to enable big data. pulp and paper. LENR technologies will be well on their way to becoming the game changer envisioned by Fleischmann and Pons once they have cleared the following commercialization milestones.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy According to the survey of LENR Makers. If LENR Makers are successful in their efforts to develop commercial-level technologies. food and beverage industry) • Building heat (commercial and industrial) • Other (microgrid distributed energy. Respondents to the LENR Maker Survey ranked independent reporting and verification of their operating LENR prototype systems as extremely important for success and as their most significant milestone achievement. meat treating. MIT or EPFL) on the value and necessity of conducting LENR R&D • Persuading a major utility to conduct a pilot project with an alpha or beta LENR prototype system LENR discovery is attracting new attention as a potential alternative and renewable energy source to confront climate change and energy scarcity.e. refining.

6. Do you think if scientists and organizations were to combine efforts to communicate progress on the LENR initiatives there would be greater understanding and interest in LENR from the public? 15. with 1 being not at all and 5 being extremely.eia. Google Translate and several outstanding LENR industry sources were used to verify the information in this report. MFMP posted what he termed the Symphony of the New Fire or its 18-step recipe to produce LENR heat with “The Cookbook is the signal in February 2016. http://www. LENRIA. What are the common applications that you are targeting? 16.php/en/home/mfmp-blog/519-the-cookbook-is-in-the-signal 12.org.gov/20150000549. org.org/index.googleusercontent. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey. JCFRS. see Questions 10 & 12. Cold Fusion Times.quantumheat. Dr. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey. On a scale of 1-5. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey.nasa. ISCMNS. On a scale of 1-5. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries patent filing and press report on their latest LENR nuclear transmutation findings. see https://webcache.org/acrobat/MosierBossinvestigat. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey. Sengaku Blog and New Energy Treasure. John Desmond Bernal was a scientist and a pioneer in x-ray crystallography in molecular biology that wrote books connecting science and society.newsln.gov/archive/nasa/casi. NASA’s assessment of the potential in terms of energy density for LENR technologies was reported in a report titled: The Application of LENR to Syner- gistic Mission Capabilities. Edge.edge. see Question 6. Melvin Miles at the China Lake Naval Air Weapons Range.org/response-detail/26753 5. including LENR-CANR. see http://lenr-canr. Open Source LENR. see Question 8. E-Cat World.gov/pressroom/releases/press443. where would you rank the in- dependent reporting and verification of operating prototypes of LENR systems and the following milestones as clear indications that LENR is progressing and gaining momentum? 18 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . see http://www. see Question 7.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy ENDNOTES 1.cfm 2. Cold Fusion Now. see Question 11.com/search?q=cache:ELqbaOqakiQJ:https://ntrs. LENR-Forum. see http://patent. New Energy Times. Pure Energy Systems. US Energy Information Administration (EIA) Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2017 – Energy consumption in the US is forecast to remain nearly flat over 2016-40 in the current Low Economic Growth Case. How many employees or contractors work at your organization are dedicated to LENR activities? 9. see https://www. how confident are you in your ability to take a working LENR prototype from the lab to market? 14. Bob Blog. 4.ntrs.pdf 11.org asked Carl Page what he considered the most interesting recent scientific news and he replied in an article titled: Low Energy Nuclear Reac- tions Work And Could Supplant Fossil Fuels. Ego Out. with 1 being not at all and 5 being extremely.org. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey. see Question 15.org has comprehensive introduction to the Cold Fusion experiments of Dr. 8. LENR-CANR.pdf+&cd=4&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us 3.jp/p/2016138807 10. LENR-CANR.org has US SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific (LENR) researcher Pamela Mosier-Boss’s final report investigating nano-nuclear reactions in condensed matter produced for the Defense Threat Reduction Agency. When do you expect to sell or license your LENR technology to OEMs or release it to the Public? 13. Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey. nasa. What additional things would be useful in helping strengthen your LENR efforts? 7.org. see Question 17.

50% 2 >15 25.25% 5 11-15 12.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Appendix 1: LENR Maker Survey LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q1 How many years have you spent on LENR research and development activities? Answered: 16 Skipped: 0 1-5 6-10 11-15 >15 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses 1-5 31.25% 5 6-10 31.00% 4 Total 16 19 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM 1 / 19 .

. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses Chief Executive 33.67% 1 Chief Communications (Officer) 0...67% 1 Chief Funding or Financial (Officer) 6.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q2 How would you describe your role and responsibilities at your company with respect to its LENR R&D activities? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 Chief Executive Chief Scientist Chief Engineer Chief Operations Chief Funding or Financial.67% 7 Chief Engineer 6.00% 0 Total 15 2 / 19 20 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM ..33% 5 Chief Scientist 46. Chief Communicatio.67% 1 Chief Operations 6.

67% 13.00% 26.00% 20.00% 40.33% 3 1 1 5 5 15 3...33% 6.33% 0..67% 33.33% 33.00% 20.33% 20.67% energy production devices 2 4 3 2 4 15 3.53 Securing patents 33..67 Under funding or the search for 13. Bias in the scientific..33% 26.67% 20.67% 40. with 1 being not a barrier at all and 5 being barriers are completely impeding LENR development and implementation.33% 26.00% 6.00% production devices 2 1 6 3 3 15 3.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q3 On a scale of 1-5..33% 26.00% 20.00% 5 4 0 3 3 15 2.53 Recruiting talent 40. Securing patents Under funding or the searc.00% investors 2 3 1 3 6 15 3.13 Realization of industrial LENR energy 13.67% 6.67% 20.27 Bias in the scientific community 20. Realization of industrial L.00% 6.00% 6 3 4 2 0 15 2.00% 20.00% 13.00% 20.67% 0.13 3 / 19 21 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .. Recruiting talent Materials advancement Complexity of LENR 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Not a Somewhat of A Barrier is having a Barrier is completely Total Weighted barrier at a barrier barrier significant impact impeding LENR Average all Realization of demonstration LENR 13. where would you rank the following possible barriers with respect to progress on your company’s LENR activities? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 Realization of demonstratio..

27 Bias in the scientific community 20.67% 0.00% 20.00% 26.67% / 19 20.33% 26.00% 20.33% 20.00% 26.33% 26.00% LENR Survey SurveyMonkey 6 3 4 2 0 15 2.67% 13.00% investors 2 3 1 3 6 15 3.33% 33.67% 20.53 Recruiting talent 40.33% 6.13 Materials advancement 33.67% 3 4 1 3 4 15 3.67 Under funding or the search for 13.33% 26.00% production devices 2 1 6 3 3 15 3.00% 40.67% 33.47 Complexity of LENR 20.00% 6.33% 13.33% 13.33% 0.33% 5 4 2 2 2 15 2.13 Realization of industrial LENR energy 13.67% energy production devices 2 4 3 2 4 15 3.00% 26. Recruiting talent Materials advancement LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Complexity of LENR 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Not a Somewhat of A Barrier is having a Barrier is completely Total Weighted barrier at a barrier barrier significant impact impeding LENR Average all Realization of demonstration LENR 13.33% 3 1 1 5 5 15 3.67% 20.07 22 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .00% 13.00% 5 4 0 3 3 15 2.00% 20.67% 3 6.67% 40.33% 26.00% 20.53 Securing patents 33.00% 20.67% 6.00% 6.67% 13.

.33% 2 Research and prototyping 60. Attracting investor..LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q4 How would you describe what stage your company at? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 Ideation and theoretical Research and prototyping Independent third-party. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses Ideation and theoretical 13.00% 0 Scaling and expanding operations 0.00% 9 Independent third-party validation 20.. Product introduction Scaling and expanding.67% 1 Product introduction 0...00% 0 Total 15 5 / 19 23 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .00% 3 Attracting investor resources 6..

Wholesale sales to maj....... Direct sales (online) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses License OEMs to build and distribute 100.00% 0 Total Respondents: 12 6 / 19 24 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .67% 2 Direct sales (online) 0. Authorized dealer netwo.00% 12 Wholesale sales to major customers and/or retailers 0.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q5 What business model is your company pursuing or planning to pursue? <check all that apply> Answered: 12 Skipped: 4 License OEMs to build and.00% 0 Authorized dealer network with sales and aftersales support 16.

33% 10 Total Respondents: 12 7 / 19 25 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .33% 7 Light industrial 41.00% 9 Utility-scale power 83.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q6 What are the most common applications that you are targeting? <check all that apply> Answered: 12 Skipped: 4 Household Light industrial Industrial process heat Utility-scale power 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses Household 58.67% 5 Industrial process heat 75.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q7 When do you expect to sell or license your LENR technology to OEMs or release it to the Public? Answered: 14 Skipped: 2 It's already underway 1-2 years 3-4 years 5 years and beyond 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses It's already underway 14.71% 5 3-4 years 28.43% 3 Total 14 8 / 19 26 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .29% 2 1-2 years 35.57% 4 5 years and beyond 21.

33% 5 21-50 6.67% 1 Total 15 # Other (please specify) Date 1 All volunteer staffed 5/11/2016 1:46 PM 9 / 19 27 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .00% 0 Other (please specify) 6.33% 8 6-20 33.67% 1 >50 0.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q8 How many employees or contractors work your organization that are dedicated to LENR activities ? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 <5 6-20 21-50 >50 Other (please specify) 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses <5 53.

67% 1 No answer 6.33% 2 $10 million to $20 million 13.67% 1 Total 15 10 / 19 28 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .33% 2 >$20 million 6.33% 2 $5 million to $10 million 13.67% 7 $1 million to $5 million 13.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q9 Since your organization’s founding. what level of funding or investor resources have you been able to attract? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 <$1 million $1 million to $5 million $5 million to $10 million $10 million to $20 million >$20 million No answer 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses <$1 million 46.

with 1 being not important at all and 5 being extremely important. where would you rank the independent reporting and verification of operating prototypes of LENR devices? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 (no label) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Not Important Somewhat Important Important Very Important Extremely Important Total Weighted Average (no label) 0.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q10 On a scale of 1-5.00% 0.00% 6.67% 0 0 1 1 13 15 4.80 11 / 19 29 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .67% 6.67% 86.

14% 1 1 9 2 1 14 3.29% 14.14% 64.29% 7.14% 7.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q11 On a scale of 1-5. how confident are you in your ability to take a working LENR prototype from the lab to market? Answered: 14 Skipped: 2 (no label) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Not Confident at all Somewhat Confident Confident Very Confident Extremely Confident Total Weighted Average (no label) 7. with 1 being not at all and 5 being extremely.07 12 / 19 30 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .

00% 6.67% 0.47 13 / 19 31 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .00% 33. Company reports of.33% 0.60 Peer-reviewed articles in highly respected scientific 6.33% 26. Peer-reviewed articles in..67% 20..67% 26. Government.67% 6.33% 20.80 Company reports that measure the transmutation of 13.67% 33. Company reports that.67% 40. industry and private capital funding 13..67% 26..67 Company reports of significant excess heat results 26.67% prototypes 0 1 1 0 13 15 4.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q12 On a scale of 1-5.33 Government. industry and.67% 13.33% 13.00% 26.67% announcements 2 0 4 5 4 15 3.00% 6.33% 20.00% journals 1 4 3 1 6 15 3.67% 4 4 2 1 4 15 2... where would you rank the following milestones as clear indications that LENR is progressing and gaining momentum? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 Successful independent. 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Not Somewhat Important Very Extremely Total Weighted Important Important Important Important Average Successful independent tests validating LENR 0.00% 86... with 1 being not important at all and 5 being extremely important...33% 6.00% hydrogen isotopes 2 2 3 5 3 15 3.67% 26.

20 14 / 19 32 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . how far away do you believe LENR technologies are from achieving commercial success and significant sales? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 (no label) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Nowhere near At least 7-10 years After In the next 2-3 In the next 12 Total Weighted ready away 2020 years months Average (no 13.33% 20.67% label) 2 2 3 7 1 15 3.67% 6. with 1 being nowhere near ready and 5 being the in the next twelve months.33% 13.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q13 On a scale of 1-5.00% 46.

86% 35.71% 0 0 3 6 5 14 4.00% 0.14 15 / 19 33 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . where would you rank your company versus your competitors in the global LENR marketplace? Answered: 14 Skipped: 2 (no label) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 At the bottom (no label) In the middle (no label) Leading the field Total Weighted Average (no label) 0. with 1 being near the bottom and 5 being the highest point.00% 21.43% 42.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q14 On a scale of 1-5.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q15 Do you think if scientists and organizations were to combine efforts to communicate progress on their LENR initiatives there would be greater understanding and interest in LENR from the public? Answered: 15 Skipped: 1 Yes No 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Answer Choices Responses Yes 80.00% 3 Total 15 16 / 19 34 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .00% 12 No 20.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q16 With respect to your company’s LENR initiative. 5/12/2016 12:49 AM 10 transmutation 5/11/2016 2:13 PM 11 Incremental progress supported by donations and skilled collaborators. what are you most enthusiastic about right now? Answered: 14 Skipped: 2 # Responses Date 1 More advances in materials and engineering 1/7/2017 5:59 PM 2 independent third-party testing and publication of the results 1/7/2017 5:52 PM 3 Advances in material science and materials processing 1/7/2017 5:46 PM 4 Understanding basic materials science 6/11/2016 1:22 PM 5 A working prototype. 5/11/2016 1:46 PM 12 cold fusion success is approaching 5/11/2016 9:01 AM 13 PdD electrolysis 5/11/2016 8:15 AM 14 finding an effective explanation 5/11/2016 6:51 AM 17 / 19 35 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . 5/17/2016 10:44 PM 7 Faith in our scientific ability 5/15/2016 11:30 PM 8 excess heat and energy source 5/12/2016 4:25 AM 9 We have achieved 12 repeatable preliminary experiments and results. 5/30/2016 5:50 AM 6 Process variables that affect the generation of heat have been identified. The presence of the explanatory principles of the theory LENR.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q17 What additional things would be useful in helping strengthen your LENR efforts? Answered: 14 Skipped: 2 # Responses Date 1 More collaboration and work with National Labs scientists and researchers 1/7/2017 5:59 PM 2 Publication in peer-reviewed scientific journals 1/7/2017 5:52 PM 3 Funding to expand the number of prototype reactors and cores to accelerate testing 1/7/2017 5:46 PM 4 Actually seeing an effect 6/11/2016 1:22 PM 5 Increasing the number of venture capital firms operating in the field of LENR. 5/17/2016 10:44 PM 7 Financial resources 5/15/2016 11:30 PM 8 stable funding 5/12/2016 4:25 AM 9 A complete validation with full measurements and adequate working capital. 5/12/2016 12:49 AM 10 sinergy and collaboration 5/11/2016 2:13 PM 11 Modest funding to enable a properly equipped research lab. 5/11/2016 1:46 PM 12 DOE approval of the topic 5/11/2016 9:01 AM 13 cooperation of natioal lab facilities 5/11/2016 8:15 AM 14 money 5/11/2016 6:51 AM 18 / 19 36 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . 5/30/2016 5:50 AM 6 Sufficient funding of operations.

mathematics. 5/11/2016 1:46 PM 12 Italy. 5/12/2016 12:49 AM 10 none from investors 5/11/2016 2:13 PM 11 Well-informed. 5/17/2016 10:44 PM 7 From the public and from intelligent investors 5/15/2016 11:30 PM 8 excess heat and energy source 5/12/2016 4:25 AM 9 There is a growing global interest in LENR from various sectors. scientifically literate crowd reviewers and contributors.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Survey SurveyMonkey Q18 In your view. Russia 5/11/2016 9:01 AM 13 VC's 5/11/2016 8:15 AM 14 industry 5/11/2016 6:51 AM 19 / 19 37 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . China. 5/30/2016 5:50 AM 6 Research on Rydberg matter by Leif Holmlid and Sveinn Olafsson. where is the greatest level of interest and enthusiasm for LENR coming from right now? Answered: 14 Skipped: 2 # Responses Date 1 Electrochemists and corporate material scientists 1/7/2017 5:59 PM 2 The reality is most people don't even know LENR research is going on and people under haven't clue what we're 1/7/2017 5:52 PM talking about 3 Not from academics as they are still terrified of being associated with it 1/7/2017 5:46 PM 4 Confused fanboys and girls who have no idea how far (if it even exists at all) from commercialisation LENR is 6/11/2016 1:22 PM 5 Scientists .

inactivation and disposal. g o v. Amoterra w w w. nuclear anomalies. Anderson-Ahl LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES A Canadian radioactive Amoterra provides companies with revolutionary solutions for hazardous waste waste management com. b a r c . the industrial application of a cold fusion transmutation process to manage and dispose of radioactive waste on an industrial scale. c a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Canada Eleonora J.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Appendix 2: LENR Ecosystem Directory Airbus Group Innovations (AGI) w w w. of electrolytic cells in what was claimed to be a clear evidence of the nuclear materials technology. elec. scientists. a m o t e r r a . found excess heat. Airbus has acknowledged that hy- ities. TECHNOLOGY Cavitation Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) w w w. AGI’s patents on LENR and ultra-dense hydrogen note that they have developed a method for generating and for fusing ultra-dense hydro- TECHNOLOGY gen in which molecular hydrogen is fed into at least one cavity and catalyzed. TECHNOLOGY Pd-D 38 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Ni-H where the splitting and subsequent condensation of the molecular hydrogen is initiated on a catalyst of the cavity to form an ultra-dense hydrogen. K. center for advanced R&D in neutron bursts and large amounts of tritium in reactions from multiple types nuclear power production. tronics & instrumentation. i n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE India Mahadeva Srinivasan LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Multi-disciplinary research The BARC team under the leadership of late P. Amoterra’s developers market a pyrolytic device for pany. Iyengar. origin of the LENR phenomenon. its Airbus Group Innovations (AGI) division. a i r b u s g r o u p . engineers drogen gas loading is a promising technology to reliably create thermal and and partnerships. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE France Jean-Francois Geneste LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES AGI manages Airbus Group’s Aerospace giant Airbus Group is pursuing research in the LENR field through network of research facil.

b o e i n g . David LENR Makers Firshein.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Boeing Phantom Works w w w. The company is led by an experienced team of thermal energy. b r i l l o u i n e n e r g y. Randell Mills expects source of hydrogen fuel to to release the company’s SunCell energy product for commercial use in 2017. bilities by drawing on its expertise in innovation. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Robert Godes. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Randell Mills LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Brilliant Light Power (former. TECHNOLOGY Hydrogen Brillouin Energy Corporation w w w. and business development skills.b d s / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Leanne Caret LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Boeing’s R&D division in. David Niebauer and David Correia DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Brillouin is developing LENR Brillouin Energy is engaged with leading scientists and national labs. b r i l l i a n t l i g h t p o w e r. with scientific. TECHNOLOGY n/a Brilliant Light Power w w w. Dr. BPW was contracted by NASA in 2013 to work on the SUG- AR project which discussed design requirements for a LENR-powered airplane. Founder. SRI International. Boeing Phantom Works (BPW) creates and advances new products and capa- volved in prototyping. Brilliant Light Power claims their Hydrino energy product utilizes the pervasive ly Blacklight) is developing dark matter of the universe to produce a high-energy black body light which SunCells using water as the can be used to power photovoltaic cells. advanced experimentation. of ad. George II. vanced military technologies and prototyping. engineering. Ni-H 39 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . c o m / c o m p a n y / a b o u t . including technologies capable of pro. Robert W. Brillouin Ener- gy’s LENR technologies utilize a proprietary Q-Pulse™ controller method of electrical stimulation for its nickel metal conductors in its Hydrogen Hot Tube TECHNOLOGY and Wet Boiler System LENR devices. The theory behind Brillouin Energy’s LENR technologies is ducing commercial amounts its Quantum Reaction Hypothesis. form Hydrinos.

the LENR anomalous heat effect. The scope of the company covers the full R&D life-cycle beginning with basic scientific research through applied development with proof of concept and prototypes to low-rate initial production and eventual full-scale production. fuses hydrogen at. Ni alloy nano-particles CHAVA Energy LLC w w w. TTU’s CEES Laboratory functions as an independent institute conducting re- ing physics and chemistry search into various fields of high energy physics collaborating with Italy’s Na- to determine the origin of tional Energy and Environment Lab (ENEA). t t u . b u r s t l a b s . Copper-Ni energy industry with consumer-oriented market solutions.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Burst Labs w w w. CHAVA’s global TECHNOLOGY team seeks to balance today’s centralized. and geopolitical issues. monopolized. cavitation technology. environmental. health. sociated economic. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H. TECHNOLOGY Cavitation Center for Emerging Energy Sciences (CEES) at Texas Tech University (TTU) w w w. CHAVA’s global team of innovators are developing breakthrough energy solu- vator in the field of energy tions with the goal to dramatically reduce the need for fossil fuels and the as- technology R&D. The company uses a cavitation process under high stat- oms with extreme pressure ic pressure to enable a variety of chemical and physical processes that cannot cavitation to release energy. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Hagen Ruff and Mark Snoswell LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES CHAVA Energy is an inno. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Richard Philpott LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Burst Labs (formerly Impulse The experienced team at Burst Labs are pioneers in extreme pressure acoustic Devices). and cartel-influenced Hydrogen. c h i v a e n e r g y. be achieved with conventional cavitation systems. e d u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Robert Duncan LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Research operation bridg. 40 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .

which car- academic organization and ry out research activities covering nearly 300 sub-disciplines.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Chemonuclear Fusion Project w w w. Chemonuclear processes in small dense white dwarf sion R&D projects. c s s n .200 are professional search center. c o m / c h e m o n u c l e a r f u s i o n p r o j e c t COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Phil Lang LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES The Chemonuclear Fusion Chemonuclear Fusion is a type of low energy nuclear fusion that has been Project is a crowd funding shown to produce energy in experiments with potential for unlimited electric initiaitve to fund develop. agement company with a It was reported in the Chinese press that Cherokee had secured a $121 million series of private equity funds commitment from Chinese authorities to engineer and build commercial LENR specializing in waste reme. diation and industrial clean- up. Cherokee Investment Partners formed a subsidiary to purchase and ners is an investment man. devices following the successful demonstration of E-Cat LENR technology. c n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE China Zhang Wu-Shou LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES CASS is China’s premier CASS is made up of 31 research institutes and 45 research centers. power without polluting the environment with radioactive waste and green- ment of chemonuclear fu. In 2013. Aneutronic nuclear fusion can provide unlimited TECHNOLOGY electric power without polluting the environment with radioactive waste and n/a greenhouse gas emissions. commercialize E-Cat LENR intellectual property from Leonardo Corporation. c h e r o k e e f u n d . f a c e b o o k . researchers. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Tom Darden LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Cherokee Investment Part. stars accelerate the rate of nuclear fusion and cause them to explode in spec- tacular supernova explosions. of which more than 3. CASS has more comprehensive scientific re. than 4. TECHNOLOGY n/a Chinese Academy of Sciences (CASS) w w w. TECHNOLOGY n/a 41 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . house gas emissions. c a s s e n g .200 staff members in total. Cherokee Investment Partners w w w.

o r g . w w w. j p COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Hideki Yoshino and Masanao Hattori LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Clean Planet leads a part. construction. TECHNOLOGY Pd. Inc. n s . c l e a n p l a n e t . technology. n e t COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Switzerland Yogendra Srivastava and Allan Widom LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Clean Nuclear Power is a CNP Technologies has registered patents for its LENR or LENT (Low Ener- Lugano-based start-up de. enterprise and universities. Li Clean Planet. manufacture. LENR driven commercial products once conclusive proof the effect is shown. The part- R&D and prototype a com. and opera- er. c n p t e c h n o l o g i e s . CNS employs 280. weapons and materials tion of nuclear power plants. gy Nuclear Transmutations) power source technologies. current carrying rod. nership is working with manufacturers to facilitate rapid global distribution of mercial device.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Chinese Nuclear Society (CNS) w w w. At the heart of the veloping clean LENR energy company’s prototype is a lithium cylinder wrapped around a palladium hybrid technologies. 246 organziations focused on design. and fuel cycle nuclear technology.000 people and oversees advanced nuclear pow. c n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE China Delin Wang LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES CNS is China’s multi-dis. c o .500 individual and 133 organization members from govern- ciplinary organization for ment. Clean Planet’s public-private partnership with Hydrogen Engineering Appli- nership with HEAD and a cation & Development Company (HEAD) and with Tohoku University has the NEDO-funded consortium ambitious goal of developing and commercializing LENR which it calls “Con- led by Tohoku University to densed Matter Nuclear Reactions” (CMNR) by the 2020 Olympics. TECHNOLOGY n/a Clean Nuclear Power LLC w w w. Ni alloy nano-particles 42 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . CNS has about 9. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Cold Fusion Power International w w w. c o o l e s c e n c e . scientific laboratory to re. c o l d f u s i o n . h t m l COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Hideo Kozima LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Japanese multi-disciplinary Established by Dr. Professor Emeritus at Shizuoka University. g e o c i t i e s . Coolescence collab- orated with the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project (MFMP) in its Celani Cell TECHNOLOGY replication efforts. TECHNOLOGY n/a Coolescence w w w. Hideo Kozima. j p / h j r f q 9 3 0 / i n d e x . TECHNOLOGY Pd-D Cold Fusion Research Laboratory w w w. Pd-D 43 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .p o w e r. c o m / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Rick Cantwell and Matt McConnell LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Coolescence is engaged in Coolescence’s strategy is to replicate published LENR experiments in efforts Pd-D loading LENR research to find a repeatable experiment and work to develop marketable prototypes to experiments. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Russia Edward Tsyganov LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Laboratory of high energy Cold Fusion Power International’s laboratory functions as an independent in- physics and international stitute conducting research into various fields of high energy physics in close center of fundamental phys. in April 1999 with collaborators from Shizuoka University to research the cold search the cold fusion phe. contact with the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) experimental lab- ics. Current activity is focused on analyzing the physics of low nomenon. oratories. raise commercial and venture funding for manufacturing. fusion phenomenon. energy neutrons in solids with high-density hydrogen isotopes.

indus- try and basic research. and group exploring novel ideas modifications of standard theories of electrodynamics. Deep River Ventures works to support entrepreneurs developing technologies tal firm dedicated to making with ready-use and patent-pending innovations to help develop new and re- investments in US business. the Indian Department of Atomic Energy leadership recommended velopment of nuclear power India restart LENR experiments sponsored by the Ministry of New and Renew- technologies in the fields of able Energy (MNRE). TECHNOLOGY n/a Department of Atomic Energy w w w. o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Harold Puthoff LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES A privately funded R&D EarthTech International’s current interests include gravity. create new markets and build IP port- es.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Deep River Ventures w w w. i n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE India Anil Kakodkar and Srikumar Banerjee LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES DAE is engaged in the de. medicine. apply to space propulsion and new sources of energy. Dewey Weaver LENR Investment Funds DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Raleigh-based venture capi. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US J. n i c . In 2015. particularly as they may in physics. such as LENR. TECHNOLOGY n/a EarthTech International w w w. d e e p r i v e r v e n t u r e s . folios. e a r t h t e c h . TECHNOLOGY n/a 44 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . agriculture. vitalize existing products and services. d a e . cosmology.

700 Development. TECHNOLOGY n/a 45 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Led by Thomas Grimshaw. electric system research.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy ENEA Research Labs w w w. climate and the environment. Energy gy sources. the Energy Institute conducts policy research ganization at the University aimed at attracting support for LENR and its public benefit as a new energy of Texas at Austin focused source that may yet be realized. Swedish power grid. The Agency has a staff of 2. UT at Austin w w w. e n e a . e n e r g y. For- institute. TECHNOLOGY Pd-D Energiforsk (Energy Research Institute) w w w. and related areas for the past 10 years to help promote the energy benefits and including LENR. deal with any potential secondary impacts from LENR technologies. Grimshaw has been working on LENR policy on studying energy policy. s e COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Sweden Magnus Olofsson LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Energiforsk is the Swedish Energiforsk is a cooperative owned by the Swedish Energy. e n e r g i f o r s k . and Sustainable Economic new technologies. Swedegas. Swedish District energy industry’s research Heating Association. nuclear energy. Energigas Sweden. Energy Institute Research Affiliate. u t e x a s . SRI International and the Sidney Kimmel Institute for Nuclear Renaissance (SKINR). KTH and the University of Bologna. renewable ener- New Technologies. The Cooperative has issued a call for a LENR research initiative and published a report on LENR describing TECHNOLOGY excess heat that cannot be explained with chemical reactions by researchers Ni-H from Uppsala University. e d u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Thomas Grimshaw and Fred Beach LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES The Energy Institute is an or. i t COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Italy Vittorio Violante LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Italian National Agency for ENEA’s activities are mainly focused on energy efficiency. est Industries and the Swedish Wind Energy. safety and health. across 9 research centers and working relationships on LENR research with Texas Tech University (TTU).

Early results inspired a crowd-funding share issue cam- energy production utilizing paign presenting Etiam’s theory and latest findings including mentioning using alternative energy sources. Investors in its recently announced $35 million round include IP Group. a fund managed by Invesco Asset Management Limited. TECHNOLOGY Cavitation First Light Fusion w w w. First Light Fusion was spun out from the University of Oxford with seed capital oping a process for achiev. sono-fusion ignition (ultra sound) to start the reaction. The company has applied for a patent on creating Rydberg matter (EP2783369). Chairman LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Etiam develops innovative Etiam consists of three researchers conducting LENR experiments having products for affordable clean achived COPs >1. clients advised or TECHNOLOGY managed by Sandaire Investment Office and the University of Oxford. Elers.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Etiam Oy etiam. Cavitation 46 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . from the IP Group plc. produce an LENR effect.fi COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Finland Dr. Light Fusion have submitted USPTO patent applications for a type of sonofu- sion. First fusion energy. Parkwalk Advisors Ltd and a number of Angel investors ing practical and affordable to develop process for achieving practical and affordable fusion energy. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Nick Hawker and Yiannis Ventikos LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES First Light Fusion is devel. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Roger Stringham LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES First Gate is a pioneer in First Gate Energies’ M3S sonofusion reactor uses ultrasonic waves to create using acoustic cavitation to gas bubbles within heavy water to produce acoustic cavitation. s o n o f u s i o n j e t s . f i r s t l i g h t f u s i o n . TECHNOLOGY Ni-H First Gate Energies w w w. Etiam is raising addi- tional financial support to fund planned tests.

c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Sweden Birger Johannson LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Heliorite AB is an indepen. mentally-friendly energy plants to software and simulation projects. s o l u t i o n s COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Lawrence Fosley and Jay Khim LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES GEC is focused on the devel. g e c . the company announced one of TECHNOLOGY the first commercial LENR devices . l e n r. In 2012. ucts or unenriched U as fuel and they are secure because there is no possibility of fuel enrichment or reprocessing. registered capital of 5 million yuan.their hybrid “Genie Reactor” which they said they were planning to build on Guam. GEC’s LENR technologies are safe. Ltd. c o m . TECHNOLOGY n/a Heliorite AB w w w. is no possibility of a chain reaction or meltdown. gy development company. There tion of hybrid fusion-fast-fis. h e l i o r i t e . c n / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE China Lin Xidan LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Guangzhou with co-Energy Based in Guangzhou.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Global Energy Corporation (GEC) w w w. w w w. the company is being led by Professor Lin Xidan with Technology Company is en. n/a Guangzhou with co-Energy Technology Company. The company’s LENR technology builds off of its work with the US Navy SP- opment and commercializa. clean and secure. They use nuclear waste prod- sion LENR technology. Hellorite AB’s business activities range from designing hardware for environ- dent science and technolo. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H 47 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . AWAR program. It has two Chinese “Cold Fusion” patents gaged in the development of pending for a reaction tube and a reactor core. LENR technology.

heat under highest energy efficiency helping to bridge the gap of technology in transition from the 20th to the 21st century. h o p e c e l l . ventures. online affiliates. The Hope Cell device employs signed for clean hydrogen plasma discharge in hydrogen medium to produce hydrogen gas and induce generation. third party applications for the QuarkX E-Cat LENR device. TECHNOLOGY QuarkX E-Cat 48 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Led by former LANL scientist Tom Claytor. collaborations. w w w. contributing significant LENR research experiments. The company has supported to First Gate En- ergies’ Sonofusion Jets by providing electron microscopy of the target foils TECHNOLOGY after runs and by analyzing for tritium and helium in samples of the argon at- n/a mosphere in their LENR system. w o r d p r e s s . thermal low energy nuclear reactions (LENR). High Mesa Technology has con- vides contract assistance for ducted several experimental tests of LENR systems. TECHNOLOGY Hydrogen generation Hydro Fusion Ltd.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy High Mesa Technology n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Tom Claytor LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES High Mesa Technology pro. with interested parties in the areas of reselling. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Sweden Magnus Holm and Hans-Peter Bermin LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES North European licensee Hydro Fusion is reported to be playing an important role in R&D and prototyp- of Leonardo Corporation’s ing of the QuarkX E-Cat LENR device. h y d r o f u s i o n . data on tritium measurements. Hope Cell Technologies w w w. technology licensing. The company engages on business QuarkX E-Cat LENR device. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Australia Robert Vancina LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Hope Cell Technologies are The Hope Cell is a scaleable device designed for clean hydrogen generation the producers of the Hope through hydrogen embrittlement in metal hydride lattice and self-induced exo- Cell a scaleable device de.

which could counteract the material poverty of humani- development of LENR. Mizuno’s LENR R&D focuses on excess heat generation. i n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE India Arun Kumar Bhaduri LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES IGCAR is India’s scientific The IGCAR is engaged in broad based multidisciplinary programme of scientif- research and advanced en. o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Italy Ugo Abundo LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Italian scientific association Hydrobetatron believes LENR represents an inexhaustible energy source. Dr. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H. h y d r o b e t a t r o n . cleaning it and creating surface nanostructures which catalyze the LENR effect. ic research and advanced engineering of Fast Breeder Reactor (FBR) technol- gineering program for the ogy based on unique mixed Plutonium Uranium Carbide fuel. using U233 fuel. Hydrogen Engineering Application & Development Company (HEAD) n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Tadahiko Mizuno and Hideki Yoshino LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES HEAD is an independent re.9 at the 1kw and 10kw power level using normal nickel mesh. TECHNOLOGY n/a 49 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . i g c a r. Ni alloy nano-particles Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research w w w. promoting the “open source” clean and economical. e r n e t . First of its kind development of fast breeder in the world. The organization has filed for an Italian Patent concerning its LENR apparatus for the direct conversion TECHNOLOGY of nuclear energy into electricity and heat cogeneration. Hydrobetatron has n/a collaborated with the MFMP in replicating Parkhomov experiments. prototype creates a brilliant plasma to sputter the surface of the metal. IGCAR’s KAMINI Reactor is the only operating FBR successfully reactor nuclear technology. The HEAD Clean Planet. ty and allow our beautiful planet Earth to regenerate.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Hydrobetatron w w w. HEAD is reported search unit led by Tadahiko to have developed a proof of concept prototype reactor that operates at a COP Mizuno and supported by of 1.

o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Jean Paul Biberian LENR Non-Profits DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Nonprofit organization pro. in developing countries. univer- focused on advancing ef. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Robert Trezona LENR Investment Funds DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES UK-based publicly-trad. IH acquired the intellectual property and licensing rights to Leonardo Corporation’s E-Cat LENR device after an independent committee TECHNOLOGY of European scientists conducted two multi-day tests at Rossi’s facility in Italy.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Industrial Heat. In 2014. i s c m n s . sively to covering LENR research and it is available online at www.org/ CMNS/publications. world-changing businesses. The International Society of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science publishes the viding researchers in LENR Journal of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science and organizes the International with a forum to collaborate Conference on Cold Fusion. TECHNOLOGY n/a IP Group plc w w w. clean and effi. Ni-H-Li. to raise living standards and reduce the environmental impact of producing energy.iscmns. IP Group is an investor in First Light Fusion. sities and NGO’s to develop and disseminate LENR technologies especially forts on new.htm. E-Cat International Society of Condensed Matter Nuclear Science w w w. i p g r o u p p l c . TECHNOLOGY n/a 50 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . the LENR spinoff based on LENR ed VC firm investing in IP deveoped at Oxford University. IH believes LENR technologies have the potentional cient energy sources. LLC (IH) n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US JT Vaughn LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES LENR technology developer Industrial Heat (IH) has partnerships with LENR industry participants. It is the only Scientific Journal dedicated exclu- and share their findings.

u . j p / e n g l i s h / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Shinya Narita LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Department of Electrical Narita’s group has shown anomalous heat evolution in deuterium desorption Engineering and Computer experiments with Pd-Ni binary nano-particles. i w a t e . TECHNOLOGY Metal-Hydrogen Iwate University h t t p : / / w w w.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Is TECH w w w. JCFRS works to broaden awareness of cold fusion with an interdisciplinary and mation and convening multidisciplinary approach involving scientists for many different fields. Is TECH integrates its technology experience into projects and multidisci- agers and scientists with plinary research and development programs for advanced product and tech- experience in working on nology solutions. needs an organi- sion” phenomena by ex. TECHNOLOGY Pd-Ni. nomenon could be attributed to the fine-structure of the sample as well as a specific property of Ni in deuterium diffusion. j c f r s . i s t e c h p o t . changing research infor. Pd-Ag. JCFRS believes “cold fusion”. like any other area of science. who meetings. In the experiments. zation to collect and disseminate data and promote general interest in the field. would not normally meet together or form a society. TECHNOLOGY n/a 51 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . a c . scientific and industrial re- search. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Italy Paolo Tripodi LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Is TECH is a group of man. o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Kenichi Tsuchiya LENR Non-Profits DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES JCFRS studies “Cold Fu. the phe- Science. and Pd-Ti Japan CF Research Society (JCFRS) w w w.

ortech is developing its NANOR® and PHUSOR® LENR devices. ucation.419. agency has previously funded work on elemental transmutation. j w k . c o m / ~ m i c a / j e t e n e r g y. s t d . Sports. Larry Forsley. JET Energy through its operating subsidiary. TECHNOLOGY Nuclear waste treatment 52 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . holds a LENR patent (US Patent 8. h t t p : / / w w w. w o r l d . JST is one of the core institutions responsible for the implementation of the nology Agency (JST) is a government’s Science and Technology Basic Plan. ZrO2-Pd JWK Technologies Corporation (JWK) w w w. JWK’s chief scientist. TECHNOLOGY NANOR. Boss. h t m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Mitchell Swartz LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES JET Energy is a developer Active since the early 1990s.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) h t t p : / / w w w. they developed during their scientific works on behalf of the US Navy’s SP- fense (DOD). c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Larry Forsley LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES JWK provides contract en. the under the Ministry of Ed. Gordon and Stanislaw Szpak which including the US Dept of De. Science and Technology in Japan. j s t . j p COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Hamaguchi Michinari LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Japan Science and Tech. Culture. Through JST’s Impulsing government funding agency Paradigm Change through Disruptive Technologies (ImPACT) program. JET Energy’s SOR® LENR/LANR (lattice NANOR device has been successfully demonstrated and tested with an energy assisted nuclear reaction) gain of >10 in Peter Hagelstein’s laboratory at MIT. devices. TECHNOLOGY n/a JET Energy Inc. AWAR. Frank E.919) gineering services to clients together with Pamela A. g o . Nan- of the NANOR® and PHU.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Kobe University h t t p : / / w w w. His group partment of Nuclear Engi. TECHNOLOGY n/a Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) w w w. national and international research institutions and industries. called Power Modules. k a i s t . k o b e . Massimo Mongardini LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Kresenn is developing com. are reported to be following developments in LENR R&D. tope-loaded nano-composite metal-oxide samples at room temperature using a twin absorption system. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Angelo Ovidi. k r COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Korea Sunwon Park LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES KAIST is Korea’s science KAIST’s focus is on educating and developing world-class scientists capable and technology organiza. Kresenn specializes in the research and development of energy production mercial energy production solutions for the data center industry with a strong focus on R&D for hydrogen solutions for Francesco Cel.u . ani’s LENR applications. a c . (LENR) powered portable. j p / e n / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Akira KItamura LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Kobe University has a De. k r e s e n n . KAIST members ble of applied research. Akira Kitamura has replicated Akito Takahashi’s LENR experiments. zero emission reactors. TECHNOLOGY Pd-D 53 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . has reported the phenomena of anomalous heat evolution from hydrogen.iso- neering. a c . KAIST collaborates with a diverse pool of world-class scientists capa. TECHNOLOGY n/a Kressen Ltd w w w. of long and short term basic and applied research to enable the nation’s stra- ton focused on developing tegic technological advancements.

Moscow w w w. k y o c e r a .with nearly 2. n r c k i . e n g .LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Kurchatov Institute. manufacturers in the energy. studying semiconductor nano shells. g l o b a l . Led by Professor Kiyotake Tanabe. TECHNOLOGY Nuclear waste treatment Kyocera w w w. information and communi- cations markets. a c .000 PhDs and 34 members of the Russian Academy of Sciences. electronics semiconductor. ready-to-use technologies based on unique research and mega-facilities and complexes are priorities. TECHNOLOGY n/a 54 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Kyoto University’s work on LENR is in the icated LENR research group field of semicondcutor nano shells.u . technological potential and one of Russia’s leading re. k y o t o . j p / e n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Katsuaki Tanabe LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Kyoto University has a ded. TECHNOLOGY n/a Kyoto University w w w.000 employees. The development and implementation of leading-edge and interdisciplinary laboratory. The Kurchatov Institute has 10. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Tetsuo Kuba. r u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Russia Mikhail Kovalchuk LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES The Kurchatov Institute is The Kurchatov Institute has the research capacities. human resources essential for the advancement in new branches of science search centers with a large and technology. Djuniadi LENR Commercial Equipment Arifin Sagala Suppliers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Kyocera is a supplier of Kyocera is a supplier of fine ceramic components to solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) components to equipment co-generation system manufacturers.

TECHNOLOGY Nuclear waste treatment Lattice Energy LLC w w w. TECHNOLOGY Metal-Hydrides LD-Brane srls w w w. tice’s patent-pending. Kyushu University the International Research strives for open innovation on challenging issues related to energy and climate Center of Hydrogen Energy. gy using LENR. TECHNOLOGY n/a 55 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Kyushu University manages a hydrogen and fuel cell R&D project in conjunction with the International Center of Hydrogen Research. Its prod- and developing next-gener. L d .jp COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Chiharu Kubo LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Kyushu University houses Through its industry-government-academia collaborations.kyushu-u. high-temperature electrode designs.b r a n e . LD-Brane participates in LENR research at some of the most prominent public and private esearch centers in Italy and Europe. change. modular LENR heat sources based upon Lat- ation LENR power devices. n e t / l e w i s g l a r s e n COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Lewis Larsen LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Lattice Energy is researching Lattice Energy is a co-promoter of Widom-Larsen-Srivastava theory. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Italy Luca Gamberale LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES LD-Brane is a R&D focused LD-Brane has a scientific programme for the experimental and theoretical startup in the field of LENR study of LENR and for the realization of prototypes for the production of ener- technologies.ac.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Kyushu University h2. ucts in development include. s l i d e s h a r e . The company is preparing to manufacture integrated thin-film proprietary LENR power devices in high-unit volumes by adapting existing third-party generation components.

Ni-H LENR Cities Suisse Sàrl w w w. LENR Cars SA w w w.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Leap Forward Labs w w w. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Alan Smith and Sam Hansson LENR Commercial Equipment Suppliers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Online store offering tools. chemicals. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H 56 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . LFH is continuously improving its “LENR Test Kit” based on the ideas n/a of the online community. LFH sells parts.01 / kWh). tem for researchers. instruments. One gram of fuel – a mix LENR technology for elec.c i t i e s . in order TECHNOLOGY to accelerate its development while managing costs. scien- tists and entrepreneurs in the LENR industry. Leap Forward Labs operates as Looking For Heat (LFH) meeting the needs of chemicals and lab equip. with a focus on hybrid EVs emissions or waste. l e n r. clean cheap hydrogen. ac. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Switzerland Nicolas Chauvin LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Developer of patent-pending LENR Cars’ generators can produce heat and electricity.0 tric vehicles ( aircarft. LENR trains and cars) without CO2 Cars are currently developing small-scale systems. of nickel hydride powders.c a r s . Georges de Montmollin is supporting the new com- development of an ecosys. boats. and is collaborating with Nissan. in affordable amounts in a “LENR Test Kit”. tools. l e n r. It is a high-temperature heater with swappable cores intended for running tests with various fuel powder compo- TECHNOLOGY sitions. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Switzerland Georges Albert de Montmollin LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES LENR-Cities supports the Neuchatel business leader. LFH provides “LENR” equipment and chemicals LENR experiments. LENR Cars is sharing its technology with larger corporations in exchange for licenses on their own technologies. kits and ademics and industry for books for LENR experiments. l o o k i n g f o r h e a t . which store hydrogen – is enough to produce 2. MWh of heat based on electron capture and neutron capture reactions. pany in its efforts to encourage and engage in basic LENR research. hundreds of dedicated small-scale experimenters with its focus on LENR and ment to researchers. at a power generators based on much lower cost than fossil fuel (under $0. on demand.

c a n r. gap between a lab demonstration and a prototype product suitable for indus- nies. Storms emerging energy solutions has been active in LENR research since 1989. Storms has collabo- gies. TECHNOLOGY n/a LENRGY LLC n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Edmund Storms LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES LENERGY seeks to provide A former Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) research scientist. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Michael Halem LENR Investment Funds DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES US-based operator of two LENR-Invest finances LENR technologies through targeted investments in investment funds dedicated commercial ventures including Brillouin Energy. Tom Claytor and Malcolm Fowler. The firm is helping to foster a LENR ecosystem by bridging the mercial and R&D compa. tion advocating for cold fu. TECHNOLOGY n/a LENR-CANR w w w. l e n r. rated with his former LANL coleagues including Drs. LENR-CANR.000 scientific papers on LENR and CANR (Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions). Lenuco and to investing in LENR com. experimental results and explanation of the phenomenon. l e n r . LENR Cars. producing advances in both based on LENR technolo. trial applications. Nichenergy.org is an industry trade organization providing LENR scientists. investors and entusiasts with an extensive LENR resource library that includes sion to lower energy costs. TECHNOLOGY Pd-D 57 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .i n v e s t . o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Jed Rothwell LENR Non-Profits DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Industry resource organiza.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENR Invest w w w. more than 1.

development and commercialization of LENR technology in the University of ducing energy at room tem. hydrogen gas. replace Pu-238 radioactive power sources in future space probes and to pro- vide small to medium range distributed power source for home and industrial TECHNOLOGY use. Illinois Research Park. The Rossi E-Cat and the Rossi Effect. Ni alloy nano-particles Projects Agency (DARPA). scientific study through early engineering of systems based on LENR to pro- duce heat and electricity. of Nuclear. LENRIA promotes LENR ecosystem. Ni-H 58 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . The Champaign. Emeritus George Miley. Effect utilizes nickel powder in a ceramic tube. TECHNOLOGY n/a Lenuco (Dept. Plasma and Radiological Engineering) w w w. i l l i n o i s . or elecrical input for use by Lenuco has reportedly worked with NASA in using its LENR technology to NASA. lithium and sig- nificant amounts of heat and pressure to produce heat energy. Leonardo Corporation n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Andrea Rossi LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Leonardo Corporation is the Leonardo Corporation is in process of preparing experimental tests on its developer of the QuarkX QuarkX E-Cat LENR device.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy LENRIA w w w. It has announced a series of industrial. They have also raised funding from the US Defense Advanced Research Ni-H. Lenuco operates as a platform for the technology capable of pro. e d u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US George Miley LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Lenuco develops LENR Founded by Prof. n p r e . TECHNOLOGY E-Cat. Illinois company developed a LENR- perature without any heat Gen Module device and holds several patents related to its LENR technology. com- E-Cat which is related to the mercial and manufacturing licensing partners for its LENR devices. l e n r i a . o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Steven Katinsky LENR Non-Profits DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES LENR industry group formed LENRIA is a LENR industry trade organization working to change atititudes to organize and convene the towards LENR in the science and business communities.

The paint will be used for ship bottoms to avoid marine growth on hulls. li. hospitals to reduce or TECHNOLOGY eliminate adherence of bacteria to walls and other surfaces. Sergio Calqueiro LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Lightstone is a developer Lightstone is developing its prototypes and applications based patented form of nuclear fusion prototype of nuclear fusion developed at a Soviet research program. The reactors had a coil. LockTherm’s team of reserachers have demonstrated R&D team working to suc. to produce on-demand electricity. Lightstone is preparing nuclear waste re- mediation and non-stick paint to which nothing will adhere. n e t COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Germany Dr. In addition to devices ity on demand. connected one end to the other. The company is a systems to produce electric. The resistance coil was embedded in ceramic cement and allowed to dry. In their published experiments. i n f o COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Alexander Rios and Victoria Stephens LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Lux Energy identifies LENR An affiliate Industrial Heat. an induction heating apparatus was used to heat reactor cores made from ceramic tubes filled with a mixture of Ni + LiAlH4. LockTherm LLC n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Russia Sergei Godin and Andrey Hrischanovich LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES LockTherm is an innovative Working with the MFMP. to enable the induc- TECHNOLOGY tion heater to heat the core.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Lightstone Technologies w w w. periments. and in doing this we want to build a cense and acquire. TECHNOLOGY n/a 59 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . w w w. reactors to make powder mixes less likely to react with air or moisture in bulk. LUX Energy Ltd. safe and technologies to invest in. Lux Energy’s objective is to make clean. several innovative approaches including a method of pressing pellets for their cessfully replicate LENR ex. affordable energy available everywhere. and buildings to n/a eliminate graffiti. probably in the manner of an air core transformer Ni-H. l u x e n e r g y. l i g h t s t o n e . wholly owned subsidiary NRG Technologies Inc (BVI). company that demonstrates respect for all. LiAlh4 as much as induction.

TECHNOLOGY n/a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. (MHI) w w w. to transmutate cesium company headquartered in to praseodymium. and life improving products. MFMP be- open science by sharing all lieves that once there is “incontrovertible proof” of LENR. Yasuhiro Iwamura. LENR Non-Profits Brian Ahern and Alan Goldwater DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Nonprofit in the field of LENR MFMP is dedicated to demonstrating to the world the reality of LENR through following the principle of live the wide-spread replication and validation of LENR experiments. life saving. MHI is developing a LENR-based nuclear transmutation method that uses tional engineering. MFMP aims to TECHNOLOGY make the whole process. as transparent and understandable as possible. n e t COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Switzerland Filippo de Jorio LENR Investment Funds DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Lugano-based financial Specialized in brokerage on the secondary market for bonds and illiquid prod- trust with a portfolio of in. openly online. Mathieu Valat. waste. to the whole n/a plan of the project. ucts. In 2016. Transmutation 60 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . electrical nanostructured multi-layer thin films. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Shigenori Tsuruga. Koji Fujimori & Takehiko Nishida DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES MHI is a Japanese multina. m e d i g e s t . including the live webcasting of its experiments. Yutaka Tanaka. research funds and procedures. data and results private capital will flow into the field and result in some amazing. the company began R&D for developing its LENR technologies for energy generation. Japan. Ltd. LENR Makers Tadashi Shimazu. capital markets. engaged in developing life sciences and LENR technol- ogies. m h i . Kenji Muta. Medigest is active in asset management.g l o b a l . essentially producing a valuable material from a radioactive Tokyo. To make the biggest impact and overcome the hurdle of institutional bias against this type of phenomenon. TECHNOLOGY MHI promises to solve the issue of nuclear contamination. corporate fi- vestments in companies nance and structured investment products. MHI’s LENR technology uses a gas per- equipment. Awarded a Japanese patent for their methods to decon- taminate nuclear waste using LENR technologies by transmutating elements. from the apparatus to the procedures. q u a n t u m h e a t .LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project (MFMP) w w w. and electronics meation process pioneered by Dr. o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Robert Greenyer. Medigest SA w w w.

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy

Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
w w w. m u r a t a . c o m

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
Japan Tsuneo Murata LENR Makers

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
Murata manufactures ce- Murata Manufacturing has 24 subsidiaries in Japan and 52 overseas. The com-
ramic passive electron- pany was an attendee of ICCF20. In 2016, Murata acquired Sony Corp.’s bat-
ic components, including tery business, Sony Energy Devices Corporation. Sony Corp.’s battery subsid-
semiconductors, capacitors, iary, which makes lithium-ion polymer batteries used in smartphones, tablets
antennae and other na- and digital cameras, and lithium-ion rechargeable batteries.
noscale technology.

TECHNOLOGY
n/a

NanoSpire Inc
w w w. n a n o s p i r e i n c . c o m

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
US Mark L. LeClair LENR Makers

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
NanoSpire is commercializ- NanoSpire’s LENR device is 1.25” inner diameter by 12” long reactor and pro-
ing cavitation re-entrant jet- duces 2.9 kW of hot water using only 840 watts of input (COP of 3.4).
based tools and processes.

TECHNOLOGY
Cavitation

NASA Langley Research Center
w w w. n a s a . g o v / l a n g l e y

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
US Doug Wells LENR R&D Organizations

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
NASA’s Langley Research Experimentalists appearing on NASA’s Technology Gateway, a marketplace
Center focuses primarily on for commercializing technology developed at NASA, have discussed the com-
aeronautical research in- mercial potential for LENR applications, including the provision of clean home
cluding high-profile space heating and electricity generation.
missions.

TECHNOLOGY
n/a

61 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy

National Institute of Advanced Studies
w w w. n i a s . r e s . i n

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
India Baldev Raj LENR R&D Organizations

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
NIAS is an Indian multi and NIAS encourages and fosters leadership, at all levels, with broad and informed
interdisciplinary research multidisciplinary perspectives. NIAS disseminates its research by publishing
and evidence research orga- books, reports, working papers, conference proceedings, discussion out-
nization. comes and documentaries to enrich and enhance India and the world. In 2016,
Dr Baldev Raj, Director, NIAS and Research Advisory Council Member (RAC),
TECHNOLOGY NETRA and Dr R Krishnan, Former Director, GTRE (DRDO), Bangalore chaired
n/a the 3rd LENR-India discussion forum meeting attended by experts from vari-
ous national institutes, academia and industry.

National Institute of Technology, Tokyo College (Tokyo Kosen)
w w w. t o k y o - c t . a c . j p

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
Japan Kenichi Tsuchiya LENR R&D Organizations

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
Tokyo Kosen is an accredit- Tokyo Kosen conducts joint research with regional companies. Led by Kenichi
ed engineering school locat- Tsuchiya, Tokyo Kosen is working in the field of LENR research and develop-
ed 50km west of Tokyo city ment.
center.

TECHNOLOGY
Nuclear waste treatment

National Instruments (NI) (Nasdaq: NATI)
w w w. n i . c o m

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
US James Truchard LENR Commercial Equipment Suppliers

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
NI is a global leader in pro- NI provides powerful, flexible technology solutions that accelerate productivity
viding test, measurement, and drive rapid innovation. From daily tasks to grand challenges, NI helps en-
and control solutions for gineers and scientists overcome complexity to exceed even their own expecta-
R&D companies. tions. Customers in nearly every industry—from healthcare and automotive to
consumer electronics and particle physics—use NI’s integrated hardware and
software platform to improve our world. NI has been a sponsor and keynote
TECHNOLOGY
speaker at ICCF convenings.
n/a

62 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM

LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy

Natural Science Foundation of China (NFSC)
w w w. n s f c . g o v. c n

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
China Yang Wei LENR R&D Organizations

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
The NSFC is a major source The NSFC encourages international cooperation and exchange in basic sci-
of funding for conducting entific and technical research having signed and authored >70 MOUs with
basic scientific and technical partners in 35+ countries. The NSFC funds over 1,500 national institutions
research. conducting basic scientific and technical research in China.

TECHNOLOGY
n/a

NeoFire
w w w. n e o f i r e . c o m

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
Sweden Peter Björkbom LENR Makers

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
NeoFire is a Swedish startup NeoFire is developing intellectual property and trade secrets while openly
working to develop and mar- championing and cooperating with other persons and organizations involved
ket a new practical energy in the LENR field to push this promising energy source forward. Neofire is
source based on LENR. involved in conducting Parkhomov-type LENR experiments using lithium-alu-

TECHNOLOGY
LiAlh4

New Energy & Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO)
w w w. n e d o . g o . j p

COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE
Japan Kazuo Furukawa LENR R&D Organizations

DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES
NEDO is Japan’s new energy NEDO is funding a research consortium headed by Toshihiko Iwamura at the
and applied R&D gov’t agen- Condensed Matter Nuclear Reaction Division, Research Center for Electron
cy which funds research Photon Science, Tohoku University under the title of “nano-metal hydrogen
consortia working on LENR energy project”. Their goal is to investigate transmutation as a way to clean
discovery at leading univer- the radioactive cesium from Fukushima. The consortium is also examining
sities. excess heat from metal hydrides by replicating and confirming the results of Dr.
Mizuno. Consortium members include Technova, Nissan Motor Corporation,
TECHNOLOGY Kyushu University, and Tohoku University.
n/a

63 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM

swirling gas flow which are created by various impulse-modulated discharges parate scientific groups and and subsequent utilization of generated heat.R. ME- Metal Nano-cluster PhI. The Industrial Park has also attracted a number of mul- tinationals corporations. Nichenergy has been awarded nickel-hydrogen in a LENR two European Union-issued patents. such as MSU. N. Its founder. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H Nickel-Hydrogen Research Center n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE China n/a LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES The Nickel-Hydrogen Re. site for Industrial Heat. N. n e w i n f l o w. currently employed in departments and laboratories in Russian universities and TECHNOLOGY institutes of Russian Academy of Sciences.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy New Inflow w w w. such as Siemens. JIHT RAS. n i c h e n e r g y. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H 64 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . creating speculation about Tianjin becoming a research Tianjin.Magnitskii & Dr. r u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Russia Anatoly Klimov. ISA RAS.L w w w. Chairman of Industrial Heat. conducted LENR research with Sergio Focardi. Toyota and NEC. The company is scaling up its propreitary process to produce energy from novative proprietary process watts to kilowatts in compact devices suitable for industrial power applications for producing energy from which it envisions licensing for manufacture. The company’s ongoing projects are executed by reputed scientists. once reaction. one of China’s first Hi-tech industrial parks. Francesco Piantelli. Plasmoid Nichenergy S. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Francesco Piantelli LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES An R&D company with an in. The Nickel-Hydrogen Research Center is part of the larger Tianjin Binhai Hi- search Center is located in tech Industrial Development Area. MIPT.Evstigneev LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES The company aggregates New Inflow’s experiments are based on generation of plasmoid formations in the research efforts of dis. attended the opening ceremony for on the southwest side of the Reserach Center. China. Experimental laboratory setups researchers. ISR RAS etc. whose research was used to develop the original E-Cat technology. are developed and simulated with the help of new mathematical models and methods. BMSTU. the Huayan Industrial Park Tom Darden.

technologies to remediate The company was founded by ex-LENR-Cities CTO. n u c a t . ergy project. w w w. Angelo Ovidi to support nuclear waste. efforts to develop solution for nuclear waste remediation. NMC is interested in applying new hydrogen energy and LENR gions which are offered for technologies to its fuel cells. on R&D in LENR. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US David J. sale in 160 countries. (NMC) w w w. e u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Angelo Ovidi LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Nukey Europe provides The launch of Nukey Europe follows on the proposed program around nuclear guidance for using LENR waste remediation introduced during LENR-G events in Milan and Neuchatel. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Carlos Ghosn LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Nissan Motor Corporation Nissan Motor Corporation (NMC) has acquired the rights to foreign LENR tech- (NMC) manufactures vehi. LENR energy topics are the main interest of NUCAT Energy whose name de- publishes educational mate. rives from the words NUClear and ATomic.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Nissan Motor Corporation. TECHNOLOGY Transmutation 65 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . The company’s principal.g l o b a l . TECHNOLOGY n/a Nukey Europe Ltd. Nagel LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES NUCAT Energy consults.e n e r g y. n u k e y. leveraging academic and industrial partnerships. n i s s a n . Ltd. nologies. TECHNOLOGY Metal-Hydrides NUCAT Energy w w w. It is also a member of the NEDO-funded nano-metal hydrogen en- cles in 20 countries and re. presents at LENR events and consults with many organizations focused on LENR. David rials and conducts courses Nagel. in UK and abroad.

and any labor needed for pointing/alignment of the beam. a g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Germany Richard Reichmann LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Developer of SolFire LENR Purratio has developed a LENR reactor system using palladium in a hollow technologies for the con. Japan and is the Osaka University is known for Professors Yoshiaki Arata and Akito Takahashi’s sixth oldest university in the work in LENR. country. r e s . Partners ing LENR technologies. tube. p u r r a t i o . Osaka. neutron generating nuclear process that can be amplified up to the generation of excess heat. rigs. measurement equipment. p h o n o n .LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Osaka University h t t p : / / w w w.u . TECHNOLOGY n/a Phonon Energy w w w. TECHNOLOGY n/a Purratio AG w w w. a few centimeters long and designed to absorb hydrogen when an elec- trolled utilization of fusion trical charge is passed through it. counteract climate change. supporting services to operate the laser. to are provided access to Phonon Energy’s variable frequency infra-red lasers. supporting equipment and expertise. a c . Norman Cook has been collaborating with Andrea Rossi on developing a the- tional university located in oretical understanding of the physics behind the “Rossi Effect” in the E-Cat. includ.e n e r g y. o r g / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US David Daggett LENR Commercial Equipment Suppliers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Nonprofit promoting clean Phonon Energy has partnerships with LENR scientists providing LENR test energy solutions. k a n s a i . TECHNOLOGY Pd-H 66 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . The reactor system produces proof of a energy. k u t c . data acquisition systems. j p / ~ c o o k / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Norman Cook LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Osaka University is a na.

Quantum Rabbit (QR) has published a series articles and books discussing ed to unlocking the prom. Pu-239. QR believes LENR provides possible pathways to reduce (i. fusion ergy. increase the energetic output. is within the arm’s length of commercialization and can result in transforma- tional commercial applications with potential to revolutionize entire industries. o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Klee Irwin LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Quantum Gravity Research Quantum Gravity Research (QGR) believes its “Emergence Theory” suggests is a physics research group a mechanism of action for LENR and makes predictions on how to massively working to discover a Theo. nificant transmutations by both fusion and fission. QPC envisions itself as the Bell Labs of the 21st Century in the field of clean en- tive energy (LENR.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Quantum Gravity Research (QGR) w w w. TECHNOLOGY Cavitation Quantum Rabbit LLC n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Edward Esko LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Quantum Rabbit is dedicat. Esko describes how ise of LENR induced trans. The company engages in supporting high-risk/high-payoff research that and plasma) technologies. technologies so we can gain a full understanding of them. he creates liquid metals by arcing between two electrodes and observes sig- mutation for nuclear waste. Edward Esko’s experiements in LENR transmutations. 67 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . q u a n t u m g r a v i t y r e s e a r c h . transmutate) nuclear materials by acceler- TECHNOLOGY ating the natural decay cycle of U-235. TECHNOLOGY n/a Quantum Potential Corporation USA (QPC) n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Max Fomitchev-Zamilov LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Developer of clean alterna. Ra-226 and fission products n/a including Cs-137 and Sr-90.e. QGR promotes the need to open source LENR ry of Everything.

s q u a r e s p a c e . Yang Tang and P. r e r e s e a r c h . Royal Dutch Shell has participated in LENR discovery dating back to the early tinational oil and gas com. Federation. the Academy (RAS) is considered a civil. to develop and work with LENR technologies. way and contracted from the CRANN Institute at Trinity College Dublin. well as European research facilities at the National University of Ireland in Gal- ergy sector. Guffey. It has laboratories in Hawthorne California as search in the renewable en. TECHNOLOGY Pd-D Russian Academy of Sciences w w w. from across the Russian It currently includes around 650 institutions and 55. r a s . c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Mason J. with the pany headquartered in the backing of the Company’s GameChanger program.000 scientific researchers. TECHNOLOGY n/a Royal Dutch Shell plc w w w.J. investigated opportunities Netherlands. King LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES ReResearch is an institute ReResearch engages in high-risk. Anitha Sarkar and Gilles Buchs. 1990s. high reward research that can lead to break- dedicated to materials re. non-commercial organization] chartered by the Government of Russia. r u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Russia Vladimir Fortov LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES The RAS is a network of Headquartered in Moscow. 68 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Anatolii Ivanovich Klimov’s research is on plasmoidal sources of energy and the transmutations of chemical elements and Igor Goryachev recently presented TECHNOLOGY his work on Technology of Processing and Conditioning Uranium and Plutoni- n/a um Fission Products and Liquid Radioactive Waste at ICCF20 in Sendai. through industrial applications.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy ReResearch LLC w w w. In 2011. self-gov- scientific research institutes erned. s h e l l . two Shell scientists. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE France Ben van Beurden LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Shell is an Anglo-Dutch mul.

of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Mis- ing the origin of the anom. SKINR absorbed Israeli-based En- ergetics which designed their experiments using palladium and single walled carbon nanotubes producing an unstable reaction with a COP >25. Pease LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES SKINR is dedicated to find. agriculture. LLC n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Robert Duncan and Michael McKubre LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Seashore Research is the Seashore Research is working to prove a hypothesis that the heat produced in commercial entity set-up a LENR reaction is the result of the conversion of deuterium to helium. Both and supported by Texas Drs. Recent developments include a method of TECHNOLOGY surface analysis which can predict if a material will be active as well as new Pd-D experiments to detect low energy radiation. e d u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Dennis C. groups. community. m i s s o u r i . Inc. The company is reportedly funded by Bill R&D in LENR Gates. Science for Humanity has been a leader in LENR discovery with a special on understanding the fundamental mechanisms involved in light and matter. working with specific waveforms called superwaves. Co-Founder of Microsoft. r e s e a r c h . souri.5M was provided by billionaire philanthro- alous heat effect in LENR pist Sidney Kimmel. recently adding industry giant Aerospace Corp.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Science for Humanity Trust. n/a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Richard Reichmann LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Science for Humanity is a Created in 2008 with the aim of letting scientists showcase technologies — in platform for collaboration fields such as medicine. An entity within the Dept. Duncan and McKubre appeared in a 60 Minutes story entitled “Cold Fu- Tech University to conduct sion is Hot Again” in April 2009. SKINR is running experiments in collaboration with other reactions. water supply and sanitation — to among the global scientific NGOs and local people. TECHNOLOGY n/a Seashore Research. energy. who could then advise on how best to adapt them. SKINR’s initial funding of $5. 69 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . TECHNOLOGY Metal Hydrides Sidney Kimmel Institute for Nuclear Renaissance (SKINR) w w w.

to develop methodologies Sangho Bok has developed a new method of temperature measurement using for characterizing nuclear temperature sensitive fluorescent dyes. Mosier-Ross was assisted tems. o r g COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Italy Francesco Santandrea LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES An R&D focused entity Spazionica’s R&D focuses on a new interpretation and categorization of phys- working in frontier science ical reality for the development of LENR and PNNE (Not Newtownian Elec- both experimentally and the. s u u . Most recently. tion of Nano-Nuclear Reactions in Condensed Matter” which it produced on ation for military C4ISR sys. a s p x COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Rear Adm. Patrick Brady LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES SPAWAR is the US Navy’s SPAWAR has conducted research into LENR discovery. m i l / s p a w a r / P a g e s / d e f a u l t . prototypting on an ongoing basis. tromagnetic Propulsion). s p a z i o n i c a . TECHNOLOGY n/a Spazionica w w w. TECHNOLOGY Ni-H 70 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . behalf of the US Defense Threat Reduction Agency.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Southern Utah University (SSU) w w w. it pub- warfare systems command lished LENR research report by chemist Pamela Mosier-Boss titled “Investiga- focused on R&D and evalu. in developing the LENR research report by JWK International’s Larry Forsley. e d u COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Sangho Bok LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES SSU has a research program Experimental work on neutron detection in LENR devices presented at ICCF20. n a v y. p u b l i c . TECHNOLOGY n/a Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR) w w w. reactions. The organization conducts experimental tests and oretically.

Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV) w w w. ST holds a patent application for a control system for a LENR device but are tinational electronics and believed not to have developed any LENR devices other than a Celani Cell semiconductor manufactur. s t . SRI International TECHNOLOGY has worked with national government labs (DOE. f m v. and the energy regulator may include a thermally conduc- tive member and a mechanism configured to control a distance between the thermally conductive wall and the thermally conductive member. Department of Energy. Foundation. and may also include a mechanism configured to control a rate at which the reaction releases energy. s r i . (ST) (NYSE:STM) w w w.L. ENEA.) and a number of n/a commercial entities working on R&D in LENR. According to the patent. STMicroelectronics S. The reaction chamber may include a thermally conductive wall that forms a portion of the energy port. The Defence Material Administration (FMV) is responsible for managing the tics to the Swedish Armed design and procurement of new defense equipment. SRI partners with US federal agencies. replication. the reaction unit may include a mechanism configured to facilitate the reaction between the first and second materials. 71 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . s e COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Sweden Abraham Langlet LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES FMV provides defense logis. their reaction chamber includes an en- er. Furthermore. The FMV has financed experiments with nickel and hydrogen. trying to experimentally reproduce TECHNOLOGY the excess heating power claimed by Andrea Rossi and Sergio Focardi and Ni-H described in Ny Teknik. the forefront of research into cold fusion dating back to 1989.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy SRI International w w w. center that helps its clients including National Institutes of Health.R. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Fran Tanzella LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES SRI is a nonprofit research In addition to private sector clients. and the Department of Education. where products must Forces. and the reaction unit is disposed in the reaction chamber which is configured to allow an energy-releasing reaction between first and second TECHNOLOGY materials. National Science to take R&D from the labora. etc. And the energy regulator is configured to control a rate at which Metal Hydrides reaction-released energy exits the reaction chamber via the energy port. be adapted to the future network-based defense. ergy port. Having made significant advances in the sophistication of calorimeters. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Switzerland Ubaldo Mastromatteo and Federico Giovanni Ziglioli LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES STMicroelectronics is a mul. SRI International has been at tory to the marketplace.

Hydrogen storage and the generation of energy in 2012. strating the opportunities in LENR energy and transmutation. t e c h n o v a . c o . its experiments have produced a commercially viable approach the company oper. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Han H. Nee LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Target Technology is a de. s w i s s o x y h y d r o g e n e n e r g y. Gregory Krieger & Richard Anderson LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Swiss OxyHydrogen Energy SOHE’s LENR energy technology is based on water electrosis. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Switzerland Slobodan Stankovic. In April 2015. Technova has been a leader in the LENR research field going back when they nova is a leader in LENR retained Fleischmann and Pons for Toyota’s LENR program in the early 1990s. Technova together with Nissan Motor Corp. TECHNOLOGY n/a Technova (Toyota Motor Corporation) w w w. R&D by providing research Technova convenes scientific workshops on LENR technologies. LLC w w w. The company filed a patent application on Nickel alloys for resistant metal alloys. have partnered with two universi- TECHNOLOGY ties . Tech. Target Technology coordinates worldwide collaborations in the development veloper of thin film corrosion of nanomaterials.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Swiss OxyHydrogen Energy (SOHE) w w w. The results of is a LENR technology devel. t a r g e t t e c h n o l o g y. 72 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . TECHNOLOGY n/a Target Technology Corporation.Tohoku and Kyushu . believes will be successful in developing a long-term and efficent clean LENR energy technology. It has re- grants and advocating for ported replicating a key experiment of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. j p COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Akito Takahashi LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES A subsidiary of (TMC).on the NEDO-funded nano-metal hydrogen energy Pd-D research project. demon- government support.

The integrated sustainable solu. The company is reported to be conducting a series of Parkhomov replication LENR tests. TECHNOLOGY n/a 73 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM .e n e r g i e s . nuclear physics and synthesis of neutrons from hydrogen gas. water mgmt. fuel combustion. i n .S. TEC provides optical. solar and more solutions. including hi-grade ion exchange resins for specialized applications. industrial applications. and magnets. TECHNOLOGY LiAlh4 Thunder Energies Corporation (TEC) (TNRG:OTCQB) w w w. combustion and thermal neutron source equipment. t h u n d e r.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy TET Laboratory of Experimental Physics w w w. Ltd. air pollution. Ti-D Thermax. waste recovery. company has robust and innovative R&D operations having developed various tions. u a COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Russia Andrew Hrischanovich LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Experimentalists working to Experimentalists working to develop LENR devices which are stable and easy develop devices based on to replicate.Unnikrishnan LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES India-based Thermax is a Thermax provides energy efficient and environmentally-friendly heating. The turing three cutting edge company is building an operational prototype of its Fissionable Material Testing technologies in the fields of Station (TEC-FMTS) based on the development of an industrial means for the optics. TECHNOLOGY Ti-H. w w w. Hrischanovich began as a Moscow-based LENR researcher per- plasma electrolysis. t h e r m a x i n d i a . c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Ruggero Santilli & George Gaines LENR Commercial Equipment Suppliers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES TEC is a R&D company fea. t e t . cool- global leader in providing ing. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE India M. LENR forming Rossi-Celani “mix” related replications before founding TET.

Their goal is to investigate transmutation as a way to clean the radioactive Matter Nuclear Reaction cesium from Fukushima. TSEM has collaborated with SRI. Mizuno. LLC (TEM energy investor John T. Preston LENR Investment Funds DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Transformative Energy and Founded and led by former director of technology development for MIT and Materials Capital. TECHNOLOGY n/a Transformative Energy Materials (TEM) Capital w w w. The consortium is also examining excess heat from Joint Research Division. Cambridge for the Transformative Ener.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Tohoku University h t t p : / / w w w. security and of palladium excess heat. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US John T. j p / j a p a n e s e / COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Yasuhiro Iwamura. TSEM is engaged in the study of high bandwidth calorimetric measurement ing on energy. Transformative Energy & Materials Fund I was Capital) is a fund manager launched with a $100 million raise led by Vanterra Capital Ltd. t o h o k u . TECHNOLOGY n/a TSEM w w w. t s e m m e d . TECHNOLOGY Pd-D.. Ni-H 74 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . Takehiko Itoh and LENR R&D Organizations Jirohta Kasagi DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Tohoku is a national univer. healthcare technologies. Preston. Consor- tium members also include Technova. and Kyushu University. panies that will play a key role in helping large industrial firms gain enhanced competitiveness through better use of energy and materials. Nissan Motor Corporation. ENEA and NRL. a c . Tohoku University leads the NEDO-funded nano-metal hydrogen energy proj- sity housing the Condensed ect. Strategy is to invest in com- gy & Materials Fund I. c h COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Italy Tony La Gatta LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES An Italian company focus. t e m c a p i t a l . metal hydrides by replicating and confirming the results of Dr. Venture Capital and C Change Investments Mgmt.

a novel technology to obtain high alpha particles resulting from proton-lithium bert and Stephen Lipinski’s fusion. TECHNOLOGY n/a Woodford Investment Management Ltd. porated in the United Kingdom or traded on a London Stock Exchange market. The company’s founders have TECHNOLOGY pioneered research on how kinetic energy storage effects gravity. £761. Woodford makes venture capital investments in startups. Mike Palmer & Stephen Lipinski LENR Makers DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES UGC was established to UGC has filed a patent for its Hydrogen Lithium Fusion (HLF) device which is experimentally prove Hu. The firm primarily invests in companies incor- capital” fund. from their rocket propelled engines at ICCF20. TECHNOLOGY n/a 75 A SURVEY OF THE LENR ECOSYSTEM . ergy alpha particles with calibrated ORTEC ruggedized particle detectors and performing standard solid angle calculations to determine total alpha particle production. u n i f i e d g r a v i t y.4 million ($950. w a s e d a . Li-H Waseda University w w w.5bn Oxford. w o o d f o r d f u n d s . early stage. The HLF device’s power output is determined by measuring high-en- groundbreaking research.LENRaries: A New Era of Renewable Energy Unified Gravity Corporation (UGC) w w w. Formed in April 2014 the firm is an early lion) set aside in a “patient investor in Industrial Heat LLC. UK-based privately owned Woodford focuses on the public equity under management and markets. pelled engines. No harmful radiation is produced.42 mil. mature and growth stage companies. j p COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE Japan Ken Naitoh and Hideo Ishii LENR R&D Organizations DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Waseda University has an Naitoh presented on Waseda University’s R&D on the excess heat generated R&D program for rocket pro. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE UK Neil Woodford LENR Investment Funds DESCRIPTION ACTIVITIES Asset manager with £12. c o m COUNTRY LEADERSHIP TYPE US Hubert Lipinski. w w w.

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