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Quiz Bowl
Review
Packet #2
Life Science &
Ecosystems
Feb 8-9

Day 1 complete Day 2 complete


and on time and on time

*Attention Families: Please note that due to certain circumstances,


there is no regular homework packet this week. This study guide should be
completed and returned by Friday morning. Please make sure scholars are
reading their books the rest of the week! Regular HW packets will resume
next week, and science/s.s. study guides will continue to go out on Mondays and
Wednesdays leading up to the Quiz Bowl on March 15 th. Thank you for your
support and understanding!

Key Ideas: Unit 3

Plants are living things. They need water, sunlight, and nutrients to survive. The parts of a
plant work together to keep the plant alive and breathing5.
Roots absorbs water
Stem carries water from the roots to the leaf
Leaf takes in carbon dioxide
Flower attracts birds and insects
Photosynthesis is how plants make their own food.

Pollination is when pollen is carried from the stamen to the pistil.


The stamen produces pollen.
The pistil reproduces seeds.
Pollination can happen many ways:
Wind
Birds
Insects

Classifying animals means we sort them into different groups based on common
characteristics.
We sort organisms into two main groups: vertebrates and invertebrates.
Vertebrates are organisms with backbones. Examples: humans, snakes, fish,
birds, mice, all mammals
Invertebrate are organisms without backbones. Examples: mosquitoes,
dragonfly, insects, starfish, jellyfish
We can also classify animals into other groups.
Mammals fur/hair, breathe through lungs, give live birth
Fish covered in scales, breathe through gills, lay soft eggs
Birds covered in feathers, lay hard eggs, contain beak, 2 legs, 2 wings (not
always used for flying)
Amphibians covered in slimy skin, lay soft eggs, spend part of their life in water
(can breathe through skin) and part of life on land (can breathe through lungs)
Reptiles covered in scales, lay hard eggs

Adaptations: Animals have special body parts that help them survive in their
environment/habitat/ecosystem. An adaptation is a physical feature that helps an organism
survive.
Ducks have webbed feet to help them swim and they live near water.
Frogs have sticky tongues to help them eat prey and survive in their habitat.
Birds have different beaks to help them eat different types of food. Example: pelicans
have large, sharp beaks to pick up fish
Armadillos have big claws to help them dig to find food.
Fish have fins to help them glide through the water.
Life Cycle: A life cycle is the stages an organism goes through in its life. All living things go
through a life cycle.
All organisms go through a life cycle from birth, growth, and death. Many organisms
are born with all of the parts they will have an adult. Some organisms go through
metamorphosis.
Metamorphosis is when animal changes physically throughout its life cycle.
Butterflies, frogs, beetles, and dragonflies are some animals that go through
metamorphosis.
Butterflies egg, pupa, larva, adult
Frogs egg, tadpole, tadpole loses tail and lungs develop, adult

Organs: An organ is a part of your body that you would not be able to live without.
Kidneys clean blood
Brain thinking, reasoning, and control body
Heart pump blood and oxygen to body
Lungs take in oxygen and get rid of carbon dioxide
Skin covers body, keeps germs out
Liver help digest food and get rid of toxins
The heart and lungs depend on one another. The lungs give blood oxygen which the
heart pumps through the body.

Digestive System: The digestive system is the process of your body breaking down food.
o The digestive system includes the mouth, esophagus, stomach, and intestines.
Mouth breaks down food into tiny pieces
Esophagus carries food from the mouth to the stomach
Stomach mushes food up by squeezing and mixing with stomach acid to turn
food into a liquid
Small Intestines absorb nutrients from food into the blood
Large Intestines absorb water into the blood, leaving waste behind that exits
the body

Circulatory System: The circulatory system is the process of blood flowing through the
body, transporting oxygen to the cells and taking carbon dioxide to the lungs to be exhaled.
o The circulatory system works WITH the respiratory system to make this happen.
o The circulatory system has many parts: heart, veins, arteries.
Heart pumps blood; located on the left side of the body
Veins tiny tube that carries blood through the body
Arteries takes blood away from the heart
The heart pumps blood to the lungs to pick up oxygenated blood and goes back
to the heart. Then the heart pumps the oxygenated blood to the body. As the
heart is dropping off oxygen to the body, it picks up carbon dioxide. The
blood goes back to the heart and gets pumped to the lungs to exchange the CO2
for oxygen and then start over.

Respiratory System: The respiratory system is the process of oxygen flowing through the
body.
The respiratory system has many parts: lungs, trachea/windpipe, nose, and diaphragm.
Our cells need oxygen to live. We get oxygen when we breathe in air.
Our cells produce carbon dioxide (a poison) as waste product. We get rid of CO2 by
exhaling.
When we hold our breath, oxygen levels decrease and carbon dioxide increases.
o Lungs removes carbon dioxide and brings oxygen to blood
o Trachea carries oxygen from the nose/mouth to the lungs
o Nose/mouth breathes in oxygen and breathes out carbon dioxide
o Diaphragm - a muscle that pushes oxygen in and carbon dioxide out

Nutrition is important to live a healthy life. A balanced meal includes: dairy, protein,
veggies, fruit, and grains.
Fats are bad for the body and can cause clogged arteries.
Protein is important for building muscle and repairing cells and tissues.
Carbohydrates provide us with energy.

Key Ideas: Unit 4


Students will know:
All ecosystems are made up of living and nonliving things. An ecosystem may be large like
the ocean or small like the park.
Living things:
Animals
Plants
Grass
Bacteria
Nonliving things:
Soil
Water
Air
Rocks
Clouds
There are many different types of ecosystems and habitats.
Rain forests
Deserts
Wetlands
Ecosystems organism make up three groups: carnivores, herbivores, and omnivores.
Carnivores are meat eaters and have sharp teeth that are made to tear through
their food. Examples: lions, sharks, crocodiles
Herbivores are plant eaters and they have flat teeth that help grind up their food.
Examples: horses, deer, cows
Omnivores eat both plants and meat. They have both sharp teeth and flat teeth to
help them eat plants and meat. Examples: bears, birds, foxes
Al living things are connected in some way. Animals and organisms get their energy from
one another. A food chain is the transfer of energy from one organism to another.
A food chain always begins with the sun.
Sunlight is absorbed by plants. Plants use the sunlight in the process of
photosynthesis.
When animals eat plants, energy is passed along.
In a diagram, the arrows show the flow of energy. The arrows represent where the
energy is going. Arrows point from the eaten to the eater.
Example: sun, plants, deer, mountain lion
Organisms can be grouped by how they get energy. Organisms are grouped as
producers, consumers, or decomposers.
An organism that makes it own food is a producer for example, most plants are
producers.
Consumers is an organism that gets energy by eating other organisms for
example, rabbits, lions, or birds.
Decomposers are organism that feed on dead plants and animals for example,
worms and mushrooms.
A change in one part of a food chain can affect all parts.
If there is a food chain with the sun, plants, deer, and a mountain lion, if the deer
becomes extinct the mountain lion will have no food or energy.
There would also be a surplus of grass because the deer would not be there to eat
the plants and grass.

Competition between organisms exist in every ecosystem.


Plants compete for sunlight and space.
Animals compete with each other for the same food, living area, or mate.
Some birds compete over nesting space.
In a forest habitat, owls compete with mountain lions for food. They both hunt mice,
squirrels, and rabbits.
Animals have to adapt to their environment in order to survive.
Birds migrate to warmer areas during the winter.
Beavers use natural resources around them to build homes. Their homes are called
dams and are made from wood.
Other animals like chipmunks, groundhogs, and bears dig burrows in the ground to
stay warm at night.
Bears hibernate in the winter by sleeping. They wake up when it starts to warm up.
Camels have humps on their back that carry water since they live in a desert
habitat.
Polar bears have white fur to camouflage in their arctic habitat.
Giraffes have long necks to reach the tall trees they eat from in their habitat.
Plants have to adapt to their environment too.
Plants adapt to their ecosystems in many ways:
Can store water
Long roots
Roots near surface
Thorns
Carnivorous plants
Low on ground to keep from freezing
Humans can have both a positive and negative affect on ecosystems.
Positive effects: recycling, wildlife preservation, planting trees, reducing waste
Negative effects: hunting endangered animals, littering, pollution, cutting down
trees to build
As more humans populate the Earth, this takes away from habitats that organisms
need to survive.
Gorillas are an example of an endangered species. This means that they are close to
going extinct because humans have hunted them and cut down their forest habitat.
Other Louisiana endangered species: sea turtle, brown pelican, brown bear,
American alligator
Word Definition
Roots part of the plant that absorbs water
Stem carries water from the roots to the leaf; helps support the
stand up
Leaf takes in carbon dioxide and sunlight; creates food for the
Flower attracts birds and insects; produces seeds
Photosynthesis process of plants making their own food
Pollination when pollen is transferred from the stamen to the pistil
Stamen produces pollen
Pistil reproduces seeds
Reproduce make more of
Organism a living thing
Vertebrate an organism with a backbone
Invertebrate an organism without a backbone
Mammal a mammal is an animal that has fur/hair, breathes with lu
gives milk to their babies
Fish breathes with gills, covered in scales, lay eggs
Birds feathers, wings, lay eggs, breathes with lungs
Amphibians live on land and water, lay eggs, cold-blooded
Reptiles scales, cold-blooded, lay eggs
Organ a body part that you cannot live without
Circulatory system the process of blood flowing through the body
Respiratory system the process of oxygen flowing through the body
Heart an organ that pumps blood through the body
Arteries carries blood away from the heart
Veins tiny tubes that carry blood through the body
Lungs an organ that removes carbon dioxide and brings oxygen
blood
Trachea/windpipe carries oxygen from nose/mouth to the lungs
Nose/mouth breathes in oxygen and breathes out carbon dioxide
Diaphragm a muscle that pushes oxygen in and out of the body
Ribs protects heart and lungs
Carbohydrates used for energy
Proteins helps build muscle; repairs cells and tissues
Fats clog arteries

Unit 3 Words: Life Science

Unit 4 Words: Ecosystems

Word Definition
Ecosystem an environment with living and non-living things that interact

Habitat an animals home

Herbivore an animal that eats plants

Carnivore an animal that eats meat or other animals

Omnivore an animal that eats plants and meat

Food chain the transfer of energy from one organism to another

Competition when two or more living things need the same resources to survive

Adaptation how animals change to fit their environment

Migration when animals move from one place to another for a period of time

Hibernation the process of animals spending winter asleep so they can save
energy
Camouflage when an animal blends in with their environment to protect themselve

Endangered species a species that is close to extinction

Pollution any harmful thing that causes the environment to be unclean or


unhealthy
Recycle to reuse materials in the environment

Producer a living thing that changes the Suns energy into food
Consumer a living thing that gets energy from eating living things

Decomposer a living organism that breaks dead organisms into smaller parts that
can be reused by other living organisms
Extinction when an entire species dies out

Day 1: Wednesday (Vocabulary)


Keep Going!
Almost done
with vocabulary!
Day 2: Thursday
(Practice Questions)
1. What happens between stage 1 and stage 2 of a
butterflys life cycle?

a. it hatches into a larva


b. it grows wings
c. it mates with other butterflies
d. it eats and grows

2. Which of the following organisms is a herbivore?

a. Hawk
b. Insect
c. Snake
d. Cactus

3. In the picture of the plant to the right, how do the roots help the
leaves make food?

a. by absorbing carbon dioxide


b. by producing sugar
c. by absorbing water and nutrients
d. by releasing water and energy

4. Which organ moves blood through the body?

a. lungs
b. brain
c. stomach
d. heart

5. Which of the following adaptations would make it easier for a duck to swim?

a. a long beak
b. webbed feet
c. a strong neck
d. sharp talons
6. Which animal belongs in the same category as a snake?

Polar Bear

Blue Whale

Green Tree Frog

Alligator

7. David is doing an experiment to see whether seeds sprout faster when grown in dark soil or
light soil. Which picture shows the best way for Maya to plant her seeds?

8. The population of crabs in the Gulf of Mexico is decreasing. What could have caused this
problem?

a. A group of kids threw a dead fish back into the water


b. Fishermen are catching too many fish
c. A factory was dumping chemicals into the river
d. The sun was heating the water

9. Which of the following is a living organism?

a. rock
b. soil
c. mushroom
d. lake
10. This picture shows some of the animals that live in a farmyard. The farmers cat has a
litter of kittens. Cats eat mice. Which animal will compete with cats for food?
a. mouse
b. owl
c. rabbit
d. starling

11. Beavers live in streams, ponds, and marshes. Which beavers adaptations are most useful
for fighting off predators?

a. thick brown fur and small eyes


b. sharp teeth and flexible front toes
c. webbed back feet and a flat tail
d. pointed nose and small ears

12. The food web shows some of the living things found in a swamp near the ocean. If the bald
eagles leave the area, which change is most likely to happen?

a. the blue crab population will decrease


b. the sea catfish population will decrease
c. the muskrat population will increase
d. the raccoon population will increase
13. What is the main source of energy in an ecosystem?

a. predators
b. water
c. sunlight
d. plants

14. Which organ works with the lungs to provide the body with oxygen?

a. the large intestine


b. the kidneys
c. the heart
d. the stomach

15. Which of the following meals would represent all five food groups from the Food Guide
Pyramid?

a. hamburger on a whole wheat bun, French fries, apple slices, and orange juice
b. scrambled eggs, sausage, grapefruit, toast, cranberry juice
c. green lettuce salad with grated cheese, carrot slices, tomatoes, water
d. baked chicken breast, rice, carrot sticks, orange wedges, and milk

16. Using the chart below, how many grams of fat are in cup of milk alone?

a. 1 g
b. 6 g
c. 5 g
d. 4 g

17. Which of the following lists contains only high-protein foods?

a. muffins, eggs, and bananas


b. coconut, shrimp, and carrots
c. lentils, squash, and bagels
d. beans, peanuts, and tuna fish

18. The circulatory system is responsible for:

a. taking oxygen from the air into the body and removing carbon dioxide
b. sending and receiving messages
c. processing food into energy
d. carrying nutrients, water, and oxygen to all the cells
19. Which of the following has the stages of the human life cycle in the correct order?

a. egg, embryo, infant, adult


b. infant, egg, embryo, adult
c. egg, infant, embryo, adult
d. embryo, egg, infant, adult

20. The picture below shows a close-up view of the center of a flower. The dusty yellow
substance is pollen that the plant has produced. Pollen is transferred (moved) by:

a. ladybugs and clouds


b. hummingbirds and bees
c. humans and changing tides
d. solar eclipses and rain

21. The flower part labeled 3 in the picture produces pollen. What is the name of this part?

a. ovary
b. seed
c. stamen
d. ovule

Youve got this! Keep going!


22. What part of the plant takes in water?

a. leaves
b. flowers
c. roots
d. stem

23. Four animals are listed below.


Which animals from the list are mammals?

a. giraffe and skunk


b. turkey and crocodile
c. crocodile and giraffe
d. skunk and turkey

24. Frogs and toads are both:

a. fish
b. reptiles
c. amphibians
d. mammals

25. Some plants have structures or features that protect them from harm. If a plant has bitter-
tasting leaves, what would this most likely protect the plant against?

a. caterpillars that would eat the plant


b. cold weather that would cause the plant to freeze
c. hot weather that would cause the leaves to dry up
d. people who would pick the plant for its pretty flowers

26. Flowering plants often attract insects, which can spread their pollen to other plants and
areas. Having flowers is an example of an adaptation that helps the plants

a. look pretty
b. reproduce
c. get food
d. keep predators away

27. The picture shows a rainforest food chain. If more kinkajous moved into the community,
how would the jaguar population change?
a. It would go up
b. It would not change
c. It would drop down to zero
d. It would go down

28. Competition occurs when two or more organisms within an ecosystem seek the same
resource. Which of the following are examples of resources that organisms may compete for?

1. habitat
2. water
3. warmth
4. food

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 2 and 3 only
c. 3 and 4 only
d. 1, 2 and 4 only

29. What do the arrows in food chains show?

a. they point to the animal that tastes the best


b. they always point in the direction that energy is flowing
c. they always point to the smaller animals
d. they always point to the producers

30. An Antarctic food web is pictured below. If the temperature in Antarctica rose and all of the
fish died, what would most likely happen to the number of seals?

a. The number of seals would increase


b. The number of seals would increase and then decrease
c. The number of seals would decrease
d. The number of seals would not
change

DONE!!!