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CALCULATION REPORT

26KELVIN AVENUE, LONDON N13 4TG


04/03/2016
This project designed according to BS 5950 design code. Dead and live load assigned on beams.
The software (ETABS) calculate the columns load and also point load applied on the beams
intersection points. The structure calculated under standard combinations that specified in BS
standard(1.4 DL+1.6LL).
The coefficient assigned safety and all elements have enough capacity under specified loads (self-
weight, live load, dead load).

1 CODES OF PRACTICE
BS 5628 - Part 1 Use of Masonry-Unreinforced
BS 5950 - Part 1 Structural use of steelwork in building
BS 6399 - Part 1 Loadings for Buildings

NOTES:

General
All work to be carried out in accordance with the structural calculations
together with the Architects drawings and specifications.
No construction or fabrication work is to start until these calculations have
been approved by the Building Inspector.
All dimensions given in the calculations are estimated from drawings and should
not be used for construction purposes.

Steelwork

Steelwork contractor must verify all dimensions on site before commencing


any work or making any shop drawings. No dimensions to be scaled from
drawings. Any discrepancies must be reported to the Engineer.

All steel beams where seated on masonry to have concrete padstones beneath
beam ends. Padstones to be 440 mm long by 225 mm deep and to match width
of wall. Concrete to all padstones to have a minimum strength of 30 N/mm2.
Steel beams to have a minimum end bearing of 150mm where span of beam is
parallel to wall unless noted otherwise on the details.

Steelwork to be Mild Steel Grade S275, wire brushed to remove all oil, rust,
mill scale etc. and painted with two coats of Zinc Phosphate or similar
approved.

Steelwork to be fire protected to Architects details and the satisfaction of the


Building Inspector.

Health and Safety

As part of the design process the following risks have been identified for the contractor.

As the roof construction and its support has been assumed. This should be
confirmed on site prior to fabrication of the steel. If the roof is found to be
carrying any water tanks local to proposed beams then the design will have to be
modified.

Elements designed in these calculations are heavier than the manual handling
limit of 25 Kg and therefore the contractor will have to assess the lifting
requirements.

Contractor to be responsible to ensure that all works are carried out in a safe and
workmanlike manner, to provide satisfactory temporary propping to maintain
the stability of all the existing structural elements throughout the duration of the
proposed works.

Ensure gap between new steel beams and existing masonry is packed tight.
Some cosmetic cracking may occur after temporary propping is taken away as
the beam deflects slightly under the new loading. Make good any cracking.

Any walls that are supporting steelwork that are found not to be load bearing
masonry or of poor construction should be reported to the Engineer.

The CDM Regulations 2015 are applicable for all domestic and non-
domestic projects.

Under the CDM Regulations the Client has certain responsibilities, including the
appointment of the Principal Contractor and a Principal Designer where more
than one contractor is involved. A construction phase plan should be provided
for all contracts and a health and safety file should be provided for projects
where more than one contractor is involved.

The Client has a responsibility to notify the HSE where any project is scheduled
to take longer than 30 working days, have more than 20 workers working
simultaneously or exceed 500 person days.

Asbestos may be present in older buildings. Asbestos should be dealt with in


accordance with the Control of Asbestos Regulations. If major refurbishment
work is being carried out then a demolition / refurbishment survey should be
undertaken.

MATERIALS
1.1 Steelwork
All steelwork is to be S275 to BS 4360 or equivalent to EN code except hollow sections where on
S355 is available.

1.2 Brickwork
Brickwork assumed to be constructed from units with a minimum crushing strength of 20 N/mm2
laid in grade (iii) mortar to BS 5628 or equivalent.
Characteristic compressive strength = 5.8 N/mm2 (Table 2)
Maximum local bearing stress to BS 5628= 1.5 x 5.8/3.5= 2.48 N/mm2
Internal brickwork taken as 20 N/mm2 units laid in grade (iv) mortar.
Maximum local bearing stress to BS 5628= 1.5 x 5.2/3.5= 2.22 N/mm2

1.3 Blockwork
Blockwork is grade (iv) assumed to be constructed from units with a minimum crushing strength
of 2.9 N/mm2 laid in mortar to BS 5628 or equivalent. Characteristic compressive strength fk =
2.8 N/mm2 (Table 2)
Maximum local bearing stress to BS 5628= 1.5 x 2.8/3.5= 1.2 N/mm2
Assignments 04/03/2016

1 Structure Data
This chapter provides model geometry information, including items such as story levels, point coordinates, and
element connectivity.

Table 1.1 - Program Control (Part 1 of 2)


Concrete Composite
Program Current Steel Frame Composite
Version Level License Number Frame Column
Name Units Code Beam Code
Code Code
ETABS 2015 15.0.0 Ultimate *1T52Y8E3ESGSBF3 Varies BS 5950-2000 BS 8110-97 BS 5950-1990 AISC 360-10

Table 1.1 - Program Control (Part 2 of 2)


Steel
Shear Wall
Connection
Code
Code
BS 8110-97 AISC 360-10

2 Properties
This chapter provides property information for materials, frame sections, shell sections, and links.

2.1 Materials

Table 2.1 - Material Properties - Steel


Unit
E G Unit Mass Fy Fu
Name Weight
MPa 1/C MPa kg/m MPa MPa
kN/m
A992Fy50 199947.98 0.3 1.17E-05 76903.07 76.9729 7849.047 344.74 448.16

Table 2.2 - Material Properties - Rebar


Unit
E Unit Mass Fy Fu
Name Weight
MPa 1/C kg/m MPa MPa
kN/m
A615Gr60 199947.98 1.17E-05 76.9729 7849.047 413.69 620.53

2.2 Frame Sections

Table 2.3 - Frame Sections (Part 1 of 3)


t3 t2 tf tw t2b tfb dis
Name Material Shape
mm mm mm mm mm mm mm
2UPN120/10/ A992Fy50 Steel Double Channel 120 120 9 7 10
SHCF100X100X6 A992Fy50 Steel Tube 100 100 6 6
UKC152X152X23 A992Fy50 Steel I/Wide Flange 152.4 152.2 6.8 5.8 152.2 6.8
UKC152X152X37 A992Fy50 Steel I/Wide Flange 161.8 154.4 11.5 8 154.4 11.5
UKC152X152X44 A992Fy50 Steel I/Wide Flange 166 155.9 13.6 9.5 155.9 13.6
UKC152X152X51 A992Fy50 Steel I/Wide Flange 170.2 157.4 15.7 11 157.4 15.7
UKPFC150X75X18 A992Fy50 Steel Channel 150 75 10 5.5

Table 2.3 - Frame Sections (Part 2 of 3)


Mirror
Radius Area AS2 AS3 J I22 I33 S22 S33
Name About 2-
mm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm cm
axis?
2UPN120/10/ 9 No 34 16.8 16.5 7.7 235.8 728.1 39.3 121.4
SHCF100X100X6 0 No 21.6 12 12 514 311 311 62.2 62.2
UKC152X152X23 0 No 29 8.8 17.2 4.6 400 1250 52.6 164
UKC152X152X37 0 No 47 12.9 29.6 19.2 706 2210 91.5 273.2
UKC152X152X44 0 No 56.1 15.8 35.3 31.7 860 2703 110.3 325.7
UKC152X152X51 0 No 65 18.7 41.2 48.8 1022 3227 129.9 379.2
UKPFC150X75X18 0 No 22.8 8.3 15 6.1 131 861 26.7 114.8

Page 6 of 70
Assignments 04/03/2016

Table 2.3 - Frame Sections (Part 3 of 3)


Z22 Z33 R22 R33
Name
cm cm mm mm
2UPN120/10/ 71.3 146.3 26.4 46.3
SHCF100X100X6 75.1 75.1 37.9 37.9
UKC152X152X23 80 182 37.1 65.7
UKC152X152X37 140 309 38.8 68.6
UKC152X152X44 169 372 39.2 69.4
UKC152X152X51 199 438 39.7 70.5
UKPFC150X75X18 47.2 132 24 61.5

3 Assignments
This chapter provides a listing of the assignments applied to the model.

3.1 Joint Assignments

Table 3.1 - Joint Assignments - Restraints


Unique
Tower Story Label UX UY UZ RX RY RZ
Name
Story3 1 1 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story2 4 4 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story2 5 5 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story2 6 6 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story2 13 19 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story2 15 15 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story2 20 35 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story1 9 9 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story1 10 10 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story1 11 11 Yes Yes Yes No No No
Story1 12 12 Yes Yes Yes No No No

3.2 Frame Assignments

Table 3.2 - Frame Assignments - Sections


Unique Design
Story Label Section Type Analysis Section Design Procedure Design Section
Name Type
Story3 C1 7 Column Steel Tube SHCF100X100X6 Steel Frame Design SHCF100X100X6
Story3 B1 1 Beam Steel I/Wide Flange UKC152X152X37 Steel Frame Design UKC152X152X37
Story2 B2 2 Beam Steel I/Wide Flange UKC152X152X23 Steel Frame Design UKC152X152X23
Story2 B3 3 Beam Steel I/Wide Flange UKC152X152X44 Steel Frame Design UKC152X152X44
Story2 B7 10 Beam Steel Channel UKPFC150X75X18 Steel Frame Design UKPFC150X75X18
Story2 B8 8 Beam Steel Channel UKPFC150X75X18 Steel Frame Design UKPFC150X75X18
Story2 B9 9 Beam Steel Channel UKPFC150X75X18 Steel Frame Design UKPFC150X75X18
Story2 B10 12 Beam Steel I/Wide Flange UKC152X152X37 Steel Frame Design UKC152X152X37
Story1 B5 5 Beam Steel I/Wide Flange UKC152X152X51 Steel Frame Design UKC152X152X51
Story1 B6 6 Beam Steel Double Channel 2UPN120/10/ Steel Frame Design 2UPN120/10/

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Loads 04/03/2016

4 Loads
This chapter provides loading information as applied to the model.

4.1 Load Patterns

Table 4.1 - Load Patterns

Self Weight
Name Type
Multiplier

Dead Dead 1
Live Live 0

4.1-1LOAD CALCULATION:

Pitched roof:

Tiles = 0.65 kN/m2


Rafters, felt, insulation etc . = 0.30 kN/m2
0.95 kN/m2/Cos 35 = 1.16 kN/m2
Plasterboard = 0.25 kN/m2
TOTAL = 1.41 kN/m2
Attic = 0.25
Roof snow loading = 0.6*((60-35)/30)= 0.50 kN/m2
TOTAL = 0.75 kN/m2

Flat roof:
Joists & boarding , finishes = 0.35 kN/m2
Plasterboard = 0.25 kN/m2
TOTAL = 0.60 kN/m2
Imposed = 0.75 kN/m2
TOTAL = 0.75 Nk/m2
Floor:
Joists = 0.15 kN/m2
Boarding = 0.2 kN/m2
Plasterboard = 0.25 kN/m2
TOTAL = 0.6 kN/m2
Imposed loading = 1.5
Partitions loading = 0.5kN/m2
TOTAL= 2.0 kN/m2
Walls:
2.4m high, 100mm blockwork = 2.4*1.4 = 3.36 kN/m
Plasterwork both sides = 2.4*0.25*2 = 1.2 kN/m
TOTAL = 4.56 kN/m
2.4m high, studwork = 2.4*0.12 = 0.29 kN/m
Plasterwork both sides = 2.4*0.15*2 = 0.72 kN/m
TOTAL = 1.01 kN/m
2.7m high, cavity wall blockwork = 2.7*(2.1+1.4) = 9.45 kN/m
Plasterwork to one side = 2.4*0.25 = 0.60 kN/m
TOTAL = 10.05 kN/m
2.7m high, solid brickwork = 2.7*4.5 = 12.2 kN/m
Plasterwork to one side = 2.4*0.25 = 0.60 kN/m
TOTAL = 12.8 kN/m
2.4m Bi-fold door:
(6mm float glass triple glazed) = 2.4*0.75 kN/m2
TOTAL = 1.8 kN/m
Dwarf loft wall
Insulated Plasterboard = 0.13 kn/m2
Studs = 0.15 kn/m2
lnsulation bet studs = 0.12 kn/m2
TOTAL = 0.40 KN/m2
Faade and cheeks
Cladding tiles = 0.56
Battens = 0.02
Timber framing = 0.08
Insulation = 0.1

Page 8 of 70
Loads 04/03/2016

12mm WBP ply/OSB = 0.2


Sheath diaphragm = 0.14
TOTAL = 1.1 KN/m2

3.2 Applied Loads

B1:(loft apex beam) :


Dead load=pitch(3.9/2)*1.41+ flat(3.95/2)*0.6=2.75+1.19=3.94 kn/m
Live load= pitch(3.9/2)*0.75 +flat(3.95/2)*0.75=1.46+1.48=2.94 kn/m

B2:(loft floor ,front of chimney):


Point load from C1,B4,B7,B8: is applied by program and will be shown by diagram

B3:(loft floor ,front beam):


Dead load= floor((4.93/2)*0.6)+ (pitch(3.95/2)*1.41) =4.26 kn/m
Dwarf loft wall=0.40*0.595=0.24 kn/m
Total dead load: 4.50 kn/m
Live load= floor((4.93/2)*2)+( pitch(3.95/2)*0.75 )=6.41 kn/m

B10:(loft floor ,rear beam):


Dead load= floor(6.74/2)*0.6=2.02 kn/m
Live load= floor(6.74/2)*2=6.74 kn/m

B5:(first floor ,under wall beam):


Dead load= floor((3.9/2)*0.6)+ pitch((4.03/2)*1.41)=4.01 kn/m
(2.7+ 2.5m) high, solid brickwork = 5.2*4.5 = 23.4 kN/m
Plasterwork to one side = 5*0.25 = 1.25 kN/m
Total wall load: 24.65 kN/m
Live load= floor((3.9/2)*2)+ pitch(( 4.03/2)*.75)=5.41 kn/m
Total dead load =4.01+24.65=28.66 kn/m
Live load= floor((3.9/2)*2)+ pitch(( 4.03/2)*.75)=5.41 kn/m

B6:(roof ,rear lintel):


Dead load= pitch(4.03/2)*1.41=2.84 kn/m
Live load= pitch(4.03/2)*.75=1.51 kn/m

B7, B8:( loft floor ,front of chimney):


Dead load
2.7high, solid brickwork = 0.52*2.25 = 1.17 kN/m
Plasterwork to one side = 0.52*0.25 = 0.13 kN/m
Total wall dead load 1.3 kN/m

B9:( loft floor ,front of chimney):


Dead load
2.7high, solid brickwork = 1.67*2.25 = 3.76 kN/m
Plasterwork to one side = 1.67*0.25 = 0.42 kN/m
Page 9 of 70
Loads 04/03/2016

Total wall dead load 4.18kN/m

4.2 Applied Loads

4.2.1 Line Loads

Table 4.2 - Frame Loads - Distributed (Part 1 of 2)


Absolute Absolute
Relative Relative
Unique Design Load Distance Distance
Story Label LoadType Direction Distance Distance
Name Type Pattern Start End
Start End
mm mm
Story3 B1 1 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 5575
Story2 B2 2 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 6737
Story2 B3 3 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 6100
Story2 B7 10 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 520
Story2 B8 8 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 520
Story2 B9 9 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 1670
Story2 B10 12 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 5580
Story1 B5 5 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 3860
Story1 B6 6 Beam Dead Force Gravity 0 1 0 3900
Story3 B1 1 Beam Live Force Gravity 0 1 0 5575
Story2 B2 2 Beam Live Force Gravity 0 1 0 6737
Story2 B3 3 Beam Live Force Gravity 0 1 0 6100
Story2 B10 12 Beam Live Force Gravity 0 1 0 5580
Story1 B5 5 Beam Live Force Gravity 0 1 0 3860
Story1 B6 6 Beam Live Force Gravity 0 1 0 3900

Table 4.2 - Frame Loads - Distributed (Part 2 of 2)

Force at Force at
Unique
Story Label Start End
Name
kN/m kN/m

Story3 B1 1 3.94 3.94


Story2 B2 2 3.94 3.94
Story2 B3 3 4.5 4.5
Story2 B7 10 1.3 1.3
Story2 B8 8 1.3 1.3
Story2 B9 9 4.18 4.18
Story2 B10 12 2.02 2.02
Story1 B5 5 28.6 28.6
Story1 B6 6 2.84 2.84
Story3 B1 1 2.94 2.94
Story2 B2 2 2.94 2.94
Story2 B3 3 6.41 6.41
Story2 B10 12 6.74 6.74
Story1 B5 5 5.41 5.41
Story1 B6 6 1.51 1.51

4.3 Load Cases

Table 4.3 - Load Cases - Summary


Name Type
Dead Linear Static

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Loads 04/03/2016

Name Type
Live Linear Static

Table 4.4 - Load Cases - Static - Linear


Mass Load Scale
Name Stiffness From Load Type Design Load Type
Source Name Factor
Dead Preset P-delta MsSrc1 Load Pattern Dead 1 Program Determined
Live Preset P-delta MsSrc1 Load Pattern Live 1 Program Determined

Table 4.5 - Load Cases - Modal - Eigen


Max Min Frequency Cutoff
Stiffness Mass Convergence Auto Design Load
Name Number Number Shift Frequency
From Source Tolerance Shift? Type
Modes Modes cyc/sec cyc/sec
Modal Preset P-delta MsSrc1 12 1 0 0 0 Yes Program Determined

Table 4.6 - P-delta Options


Automation
Method
None

4.4 Load Combinations

Table 4.7 - Load Combinations


Load Scale
Name Type Auto
Case/Combo Factor
DStlS1 Dead 1.4 Linear Add Yes
DStlS2 Dead 1.4 Linear Add Yes
DStlS2 Live 1.6 No
DStlD1 Dead 1 Linear Add Yes
DStlD2 Dead 1 Linear Add Yes
DStlD2 Live 1 No

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Analysis Results 04/03/2016

5 Analysis Results
This chapter provides analysis results.

5.1 Structure Results

Table 5.1 - Base Reactions


Load FX FY FZ MX MY MZ X Y Z
Case/Combo kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m m m m
Dead 0 0 229.0317 967.4953 -1443.179 0 0 0 0
Live 0 0 139.6792 570.6588 -654.5743 0 0 0 0
DStlS1 0 0 320.6444 1354.4935 -2020.4507 0 0 0 0
DStlS2 0 0 544.1312 2267.5475 -3067.7695 0 0 0 0
DStlD1 0 0 229.0317 967.4953 -1443.179 0 0 0 0
DStlD2 0 0 368.7109 1538.1541 -2097.7533 0 0 0 0

5.2 Point Results

Table 5.2 - Joint Reactions


Joint Unique Load FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
Story
Label Name Case/Combo kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story3 1 1 Dead 0 0 11.8836 0 0 0
Story3 1 1 Live 0 0 8.1218 0 0 0
Story3 1 1 DStlS1 0 0 16.6371 0 0 0
Story3 1 1 DStlS2 0 0 29.6319 0 0 0
Story3 1 1 DStlD1 0 0 11.8836 0 0 0
Story3 1 1 DStlD2 0 0 20.0054 0 0 0
Story2 4 4 Dead 0 0 3.7464 0 0 0
Story2 4 4 Live 0 0 2.4642 0 0 0
Story2 4 4 DStlS1 0 0 5.245 0 0 0
Story2 4 4 DStlS2 0 0 9.1877 0 0 0
Story2 4 4 DStlD1 0 0 3.7464 0 0 0
Story2 4 4 DStlD2 0 0 6.2106 0 0 0
Story2 5 5 Dead 0 0 10.3545 0 0 0
Story2 5 5 Live 0 0 13.4544 0 0 0
Story2 5 5 DStlS1 0 0 14.4963 0 0 0
Story2 5 5 DStlS2 0 0 36.0234 0 0 0
Story2 5 5 DStlD1 0 0 10.3545 0 0 0
Story2 5 5 DStlD2 0 0 23.809 0 0 0
Story2 6 6 Dead 0 0 24.7408 0 0 0
Story2 6 6 Live 0 0 29.2603 0 0 0
Story2 6 6 DStlS1 0 0 34.6371 0 0 0
Story2 6 6 DStlS2 0 0 81.4536 0 0 0
Story2 6 6 DStlD1 0 0 24.7408 0 0 0
Story2 6 6 DStlD2 0 0 54.0011 0 0 0
Story2 13 19 Dead 0 0 11.1495 0 0 0
Story2 13 19 Live 0 0 6.6392 0 0 0
Story2 13 19 DStlS1 0 0 15.6092 0 0 0
Story2 13 19 DStlS2 0 0 26.232 0 0 0
Story2 13 19 DStlD1 0 0 11.1495 0 0 0
Story2 13 19 DStlD2 0 0 17.7887 0 0 0
Story2 15 15 Dead 0 0 37.6657 0 0 0
Story2 15 15 Live 0 0 38.7679 0 0 0
Story2 15 15 DStlS1 0 0 52.732 0 0 0
Story2 15 15 DStlS2 0 0 114.7607 0 0 0
Story2 15 15 DStlD1 0 0 37.6657 0 0 0
Story2 15 15 DStlD2 0 0 76.4337 0 0 0
Story2 20 35 Dead 0 0 5.0684 0 0 0
Story2 20 35 Live 0 0 14.1998 0 0 0
Story2 20 35 DStlS1 0 0 7.0958 0 0 0
Story2 20 35 DStlS2 0 0 29.8155 0 0 0
Story2 20 35 DStlD1 0 0 5.0684 0 0 0

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Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Joint Unique Load FX FY FZ MX MY MZ


Story
Label Name Case/Combo kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 20 35 DStlD2 0 0 19.2683 0 0 0
Story1 9 9 Dead 0 0 56.1636 0 0 0
Story1 9 9 Live 0 0 10.4413 0 0 0
Story1 9 9 DStlS1 0 0 78.6291 0 0 0
Story1 9 9 DStlS2 0 0 95.3352 0 0 0
Story1 9 9 DStlD1 0 0 56.1636 0 0 0
Story1 9 9 DStlD2 0 0 66.6049 0 0 0
Story1 10 10 Dead 0 0 56.1636 0 0 0
Story1 10 10 Live 0 0 10.4413 0 0 0
Story1 10 10 DStlS1 0 0 78.6291 0 0 0
Story1 10 10 DStlS2 0 0 95.3352 0 0 0
Story1 10 10 DStlD1 0 0 56.1636 0 0 0
Story1 10 10 DStlD2 0 0 66.6049 0 0 0
Story1 11 11 Dead 0 0 6.0477 0 0 0
Story1 11 11 Live 0 0 2.9445 0 0 0
Story1 11 11 DStlS1 0 0 8.4668 0 0 0
Story1 11 11 DStlS2 0 0 13.178 0 0 0
Story1 11 11 DStlD1 0 0 6.0477 0 0 0
Story1 11 11 DStlD2 0 0 8.9922 0 0 0
Story1 12 12 Dead 0 0 6.0477 0 0 0
Story1 12 12 Live 0 0 2.9445 0 0 0
Story1 12 12 DStlS1 0 0 8.4668 0 0 0
Story1 12 12 DStlS2 0 0 13.178 0 0 0
Story1 12 12 DStlD1 0 0 6.0477 0 0 0
Story1 12 12 DStlD2 0 0 8.9922 0 0 0

5.3 Line Results

Table 5.3 - Column Forces


Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3
Story Column
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story3 C1 7 Dead 0 -12.495 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 Dead 1.1651 -12.3013 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 Dead 2.3302 -12.1075 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 Live 0 -8.2687 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 Live 1.1651 -8.2687 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 Live 2.3302 -8.2687 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlS1 0 -17.493 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlS1 1.1651 -17.2218 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlS1 2.3302 -16.9506 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlS2 0 -30.723 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlS2 1.1651 -30.4518 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlS2 2.3302 -30.1806 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlD1 0 -12.495 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlD1 1.1651 -12.3013 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlD1 2.3302 -12.1075 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlD2 0 -20.7637 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlD2 1.1651 -20.57 0 0 0 0 0
Story3 C1 7 DStlD2 2.3302 -20.3763 0 0 0 0 0

Table 5.4 - Beam Forces


Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3
Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story3 B1 1 Dead 0 0 -11.8836 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 Dead 0.4604 0 -9.903 0 0 0 5.0155
Story3 B1 1 Dead 0.9208 0 -7.9224 0 0 0 9.119
Story3 B1 1 Dead 1.3813 0 -5.9418 0 0 0 12.3107
Story3 B1 1 Dead 1.8417 0 -3.9612 0 0 0 14.5905
Story3 B1 1 Dead 2.3021 0 -1.9806 0 0 0 15.9583

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Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story3 B1 1 Dead 2.7625 0 0 0 0 0 16.4143
Story3 B1 1 Dead 3.2229 0 1.9806 0 0 0 15.9583
Story3 B1 1 Dead 3.6833 0 3.9612 0 0 0 14.5905
Story3 B1 1 Dead 4.1438 0 5.9418 0 0 0 12.3107
Story3 B1 1 Dead 4.6042 0 7.9224 0 0 0 9.119
Story3 B1 1 Dead 5.0646 0 9.903 0 0 0 5.0155
Story3 B1 1 Dead 5.525 0 11.8836 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 Live 0 0 -8.1218 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 Live 0.4604 0 -6.7681 0 0 0 3.4278
Story3 B1 1 Live 0.9208 0 -5.4145 0 0 0 6.2323
Story3 B1 1 Live 1.3813 0 -4.0609 0 0 0 8.4136
Story3 B1 1 Live 1.8417 0 -2.7073 0 0 0 9.9717
Story3 B1 1 Live 2.3021 0 -1.3536 0 0 0 10.9066
Story3 B1 1 Live 2.7625 0 0 0 0 0 11.2182
Story3 B1 1 Live 3.2229 0 1.3536 0 0 0 10.9066
Story3 B1 1 Live 3.6833 0 2.7073 0 0 0 9.9717
Story3 B1 1 Live 4.1438 0 4.0609 0 0 0 8.4136
Story3 B1 1 Live 4.6042 0 5.4145 0 0 0 6.2323
Story3 B1 1 Live 5.0646 0 6.7681 0 0 0 3.4278
Story3 B1 1 Live 5.525 0 8.1218 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 0 0 -16.6371 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 0.4604 0 -13.8643 0 0 0 7.0217
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 0.9208 0 -11.0914 0 0 0 12.7667
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 1.3813 0 -8.3186 0 0 0 17.235
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 1.8417 0 -5.5457 0 0 0 20.4267
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 2.3021 0 -2.7729 0 0 0 22.3417
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 2.7625 0 0 0 0 0 22.98
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 3.2229 0 2.7729 0 0 0 22.3417
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 3.6833 0 5.5457 0 0 0 20.4267
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 4.1438 0 8.3186 0 0 0 17.235
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 4.6042 0 11.0914 0 0 0 12.7667
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 5.0646 0 13.8643 0 0 0 7.0217
Story3 B1 1 DStlS1 5.525 0 16.6371 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 0 0 -29.6319 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 0.4604 0 -24.6933 0 0 0 12.5061
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 0.9208 0 -19.7546 0 0 0 22.7384
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 1.3813 0 -14.816 0 0 0 30.6968
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 1.8417 0 -9.8773 0 0 0 36.3814
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 2.3021 0 -4.9387 0 0 0 39.7922
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 2.7625 0 0 0 0 0 40.9291
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 3.2229 0 4.9387 0 0 0 39.7922
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 3.6833 0 9.8773 0 0 0 36.3814
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 4.1438 0 14.816 0 0 0 30.6968
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 4.6042 0 19.7546 0 0 0 22.7384
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 5.0646 0 24.6933 0 0 0 12.5061
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 5.525 0 29.6319 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 0 0 -11.8836 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 0.4604 0 -9.903 0 0 0 5.0155
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 0.9208 0 -7.9224 0 0 0 9.119
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 1.3813 0 -5.9418 0 0 0 12.3107
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 1.8417 0 -3.9612 0 0 0 14.5905
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 2.3021 0 -1.9806 0 0 0 15.9583
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 2.7625 0 0 0 0 0 16.4143
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 3.2229 0 1.9806 0 0 0 15.9583
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 3.6833 0 3.9612 0 0 0 14.5905
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 4.1438 0 5.9418 0 0 0 12.3107
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 4.6042 0 7.9224 0 0 0 9.119
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 5.0646 0 9.903 0 0 0 5.0155
Story3 B1 1 DStlD1 5.525 0 11.8836 0 0 0 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 0 0 -20.0054 0 0 0 0

Page 14 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 0.4604 0 -16.6712 0 0 0 8.4432
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 0.9208 0 -13.3369 0 0 0 15.3514
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 1.3813 0 -10.0027 0 0 0 20.7243
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 1.8417 0 -6.6685 0 0 0 24.5622
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 2.3021 0 -3.3342 0 0 0 26.8649
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 2.7625 0 0 0 0 0 27.6325
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 3.2229 0 3.3342 0 0 0 26.8649
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 3.6833 0 6.6685 0 0 0 24.5622
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 4.1438 0 10.0027 0 0 0 20.7243
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 4.6042 0 13.3369 0 0 0 15.3514
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 5.0646 0 16.6712 0 0 0 8.4432
Story3 B1 1 DStlD2 5.525 0 20.0054 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 Dead 0 0 -5.0112 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 Dead 0.473 0 -3.042 0 0 0 1.9046
Story2 B2 2 Dead 0.946 0 -1.0728 0 0 0 2.8777
Story2 B2 2 Dead 1.419 0 0.8964 0 0 0 2.9195
Story2 B2 2 Dead 1.892 0 2.8656 0 0 0 2.0297
Story2 B2 2 Dead 2.365 0 4.8348 0 0 0 0.2086
Story2 B2 2 Dead 2.838 0 6.804 0 0 0 -2.544
Story2 B2 2 Dead 2.838 0 19.299 0 0 0 10.0899
Story2 B2 2 Dead 3.3265 0 21.3327 0 0 0 0.1656
Story2 B2 2 Dead 3.815 0 23.3664 0 0 0 -10.7522
Story2 B2 2 Dead 3.815 0 31.5883 0 0 0 5.972
Story2 B2 2 Dead 4.187 0 33.1372 0 0 0 -6.068
Story2 B2 2 Dead 4.187 0 -0.1245 0 0 0 1.8312
Story2 B2 2 Dead 4.6045 0 1.6137 0 0 0 1.5203
Story2 B2 2 Dead 5.022 0 3.3518 0 0 0 0.4838
Story2 B2 2 Dead 5.4395 0 5.09 0 0 0 -1.2784
Story2 B2 2 Dead 5.857 0 6.8281 0 0 0 -3.7663
Story2 B2 2 Dead 5.857 0 0.0827 0 0 0 1.6849
Story2 B2 2 Dead 6.297 0 1.9146 0 0 0 1.2454
Story2 B2 2 Dead 6.737 0 3.7464 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 Live 0 0 -3.6137 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 Live 0.473 0 -2.2231 0 0 0 1.3804
Story2 B2 2 Live 0.946 0 -0.8325 0 0 0 2.1031
Story2 B2 2 Live 1.419 0 0.5581 0 0 0 2.168
Story2 B2 2 Live 1.892 0 1.9487 0 0 0 1.5751
Story2 B2 2 Live 2.365 0 3.3394 0 0 0 0.3245
Story2 B2 2 Live 2.838 0 4.73 0 0 0 -1.5839
Story2 B2 2 Live 2.838 0 12.9987 0 0 0 6.8176
Story2 B2 2 Live 3.3265 0 14.4349 0 0 0 0.1169
Story2 B2 2 Live 3.815 0 15.8711 0 0 0 -7.2853
Story2 B2 2 Live 3.815 0 39.2805 0 0 0 7.3747
Story2 B2 2 Live 4.187 0 40.3743 0 0 0 -7.4425
Story2 B2 2 Live 4.187 0 1.6064 0 0 0 2.7079
Story2 B2 2 Live 4.6045 0 2.8338 0 0 0 1.781
Story2 B2 2 Live 5.022 0 4.0613 0 0 0 0.3416
Story2 B2 2 Live 5.4395 0 5.2887 0 0 0 -1.6102
Story2 B2 2 Live 5.857 0 6.5162 0 0 0 -4.0744
Story2 B2 2 Live 5.857 0 -0.1231 0 0 0 1.0301
Story2 B2 2 Live 6.297 0 1.1706 0 0 0 0.7997
Story2 B2 2 Live 6.737 0 2.4642 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 0 0 -7.0157 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 0.473 0 -4.2588 0 0 0 2.6664
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 0.946 0 -1.5019 0 0 0 4.0288
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 1.419 0 1.255 0 0 0 4.0872
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 1.892 0 4.0118 0 0 0 2.8416
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 2.365 0 6.7687 0 0 0 0.292
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 2.838 0 9.5256 0 0 0 -3.5616
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 2.838 0 27.0186 0 0 0 14.1258

Page 15 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 3.3265 0 29.8658 0 0 0 0.2318
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 3.815 0 32.713 0 0 0 -15.0531
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 3.815 0 44.2236 0 0 0 8.3608
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 4.187 0 46.392 0 0 0 -8.4952
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 4.187 0 -0.1743 0 0 0 2.5637
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 4.6045 0 2.2591 0 0 0 2.1285
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 5.022 0 4.6925 0 0 0 0.6773
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 5.4395 0 7.1259 0 0 0 -1.7898
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 5.857 0 9.5593 0 0 0 -5.2729
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 5.857 0 0.1158 0 0 0 2.3588
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 6.297 0 2.6804 0 0 0 1.7436
Story2 B2 2 DStlS1 6.737 0 5.245 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 0 0 -12.7977 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 0.473 0 -7.8158 0 0 0 4.8751
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 0.946 0 -2.8339 0 0 0 7.3938
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 1.419 0 2.1479 0 0 0 7.556
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 1.892 0 7.1298 0 0 0 5.3618
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 2.365 0 12.1117 0 0 0 0.8112
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 2.838 0 17.0936 0 0 0 -6.0958
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 2.838 0 47.8165 0 0 0 25.034
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 3.3265 0 52.9617 0 0 0 0.4189
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 3.815 0 58.1068 0 0 0 -26.7096
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 3.815 0 107.0724 0 0 0 20.1602
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 4.187 0 110.9909 0 0 0 -20.4032
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 4.187 0 2.3959 0 0 0 6.8963
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 4.6045 0 6.7932 0 0 0 4.978
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 5.022 0 11.1905 0 0 0 1.2239
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 5.4395 0 15.5879 0 0 0 -4.3661
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 5.857 0 19.9852 0 0 0 -11.7919
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 5.857 0 -0.0811 0 0 0 4.007
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 6.297 0 4.5533 0 0 0 3.0231
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 6.737 0 9.1877 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 0 0 -5.0112 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 0.473 0 -3.042 0 0 0 1.9046
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 0.946 0 -1.0728 0 0 0 2.8777
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 1.419 0 0.8964 0 0 0 2.9195
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 1.892 0 2.8656 0 0 0 2.0297
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 2.365 0 4.8348 0 0 0 0.2086
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 2.838 0 6.804 0 0 0 -2.544
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 2.838 0 19.299 0 0 0 10.0899
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 3.3265 0 21.3327 0 0 0 0.1656
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 3.815 0 23.3664 0 0 0 -10.7522
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 3.815 0 31.5883 0 0 0 5.972
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 4.187 0 33.1372 0 0 0 -6.068
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 4.187 0 -0.1245 0 0 0 1.8312
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 4.6045 0 1.6137 0 0 0 1.5203
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 5.022 0 3.3518 0 0 0 0.4838
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 5.4395 0 5.09 0 0 0 -1.2784
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 5.857 0 6.8281 0 0 0 -3.7663
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 5.857 0 0.0827 0 0 0 1.6849
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 6.297 0 1.9146 0 0 0 1.2454
Story2 B2 2 DStlD1 6.737 0 3.7464 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 0 0 -8.625 0 0 0 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 0.473 0 -5.2651 0 0 0 3.285
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 0.946 0 -1.9053 0 0 0 4.9808
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 1.419 0 1.4545 0 0 0 5.0874
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 1.892 0 4.8143 0 0 0 3.6049
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 2.365 0 8.1742 0 0 0 0.5331
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 2.838 0 11.534 0 0 0 -4.1279
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 2.838 0 32.2977 0 0 0 16.9075

Page 16 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 3.3265 0 35.7676 0 0 0 0.2825
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 3.815 0 39.2375 0 0 0 -18.0375
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 3.815 0 70.8688 0 0 0 13.3466
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 4.187 0 73.5114 0 0 0 -13.5105
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 4.187 0 1.4819 0 0 0 4.5391
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 4.6045 0 4.4475 0 0 0 3.3013
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 5.022 0 7.4131 0 0 0 0.8254
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 5.4395 0 10.3787 0 0 0 -2.8886
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 5.857 0 13.3442 0 0 0 -7.8408
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 5.857 0 -0.0403 0 0 0 2.715
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 6.297 0 3.0851 0 0 0 2.0451
Story2 B2 2 DStlD2 6.737 0 6.2106 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 Dead 0 0 -10.3545 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 Dead 0.4646 0 -8.0633 0 0 0 4.2783
Story2 B3 3 Dead 0.9292 0 -5.772 0 0 0 7.4921
Story2 B3 3 Dead 1.3938 0 -3.4808 0 0 0 9.6415
Story2 B3 3 Dead 1.8583 0 -1.1896 0 0 0 10.7264
Story2 B3 3 Dead 2.3229 0 1.1017 0 0 0 10.7468
Story2 B3 3 Dead 2.7875 0 3.3929 0 0 0 9.7027
Story2 B3 3 Dead 3.2521 0 5.6842 0 0 0 7.5942
Story2 B3 3 Dead 3.7167 0 7.9754 0 0 0 4.4212
Story2 B3 3 Dead 4.1813 0 10.2666 0 0 0 0.1837
Story2 B3 3 Dead 4.6458 0 12.5579 0 0 0 -5.1182
Story2 B3 3 Dead 5.1104 0 14.8491 0 0 0 -11.4846
Story2 B3 3 Dead 5.575 0 17.1404 0 0 0 -18.9155
Story2 B3 3 Dead 5.575 0 22.1516 0 0 0 12.3092
Story2 B3 3 Dead 5.8375 0 23.4462 0 0 0 6.3245
Story2 B3 3 Dead 6.1 0 24.7408 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 Live 0 0 -13.4544 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 Live 0.4646 0 -10.4765 0 0 0 5.559
Story2 B3 3 Live 0.9292 0 -7.4985 0 0 0 9.7344
Story2 B3 3 Live 1.3938 0 -4.5205 0 0 0 12.5263
Story2 B3 3 Live 1.8583 0 -1.5425 0 0 0 13.9347
Story2 B3 3 Live 2.3229 0 1.4355 0 0 0 13.9596
Story2 B3 3 Live 2.7875 0 4.4134 0 0 0 12.6009
Story2 B3 3 Live 3.2521 0 7.3914 0 0 0 9.8587
Story2 B3 3 Live 3.7167 0 10.3694 0 0 0 5.7331
Story2 B3 3 Live 4.1813 0 13.3474 0 0 0 0.2239
Story2 B3 3 Live 4.6458 0 16.3253 0 0 0 -6.6689
Story2 B3 3 Live 5.1104 0 19.3033 0 0 0 -14.9451
Story2 B3 3 Live 5.575 0 22.2813 0 0 0 -24.6049
Story2 B3 3 Live 5.575 0 25.8951 0 0 0 14.4783
Story2 B3 3 Live 5.8375 0 27.5777 0 0 0 7.46
Story2 B3 3 Live 6.1 0 29.2603 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 0 0 -14.4963 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 0.4646 0 -11.2886 0 0 0 5.9896
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 0.9292 0 -8.0809 0 0 0 10.489
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 1.3938 0 -4.8731 0 0 0 13.4981
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 1.8583 0 -1.6654 0 0 0 15.0169
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 2.3229 0 1.5423 0 0 0 15.0455
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 2.7875 0 4.7501 0 0 0 13.5838
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 3.2521 0 7.9578 0 0 0 10.6319
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 3.7167 0 11.1656 0 0 0 6.1897
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 4.1813 0 14.3733 0 0 0 0.2572
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 4.6458 0 17.581 0 0 0 -7.1655
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 5.1104 0 20.7888 0 0 0 -16.0785
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 5.575 0 23.9965 0 0 0 -26.4817
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 5.575 0 31.0122 0 0 0 17.2329
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 5.8375 0 32.8246 0 0 0 8.8544
Story2 B3 3 DStlS1 6.1 0 34.6371 0 0 0 0

Page 17 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 0 0 -36.0234 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 0.4646 0 -28.0509 0 0 0 14.8839
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 0.9292 0 -20.0784 0 0 0 26.064
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 1.3938 0 -12.1059 0 0 0 33.5402
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 1.8583 0 -4.1334 0 0 0 37.3124
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 2.3229 0 3.8391 0 0 0 37.3808
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 2.7875 0 11.8116 0 0 0 33.7453
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 3.2521 0 19.7841 0 0 0 26.4059
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 3.7167 0 27.7566 0 0 0 15.3626
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 4.1813 0 35.7291 0 0 0 0.6154
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 4.6458 0 43.7016 0 0 0 -17.8357
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 5.1104 0 51.6741 0 0 0 -39.9907
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 5.575 0 59.6466 0 0 0 -65.8495
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 5.575 0 72.4443 0 0 0 40.3982
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 5.8375 0 76.9489 0 0 0 20.7903
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 6.1 0 81.4536 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 0 0 -10.3545 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 0.4646 0 -8.0633 0 0 0 4.2783
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 0.9292 0 -5.772 0 0 0 7.4921
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 1.3938 0 -3.4808 0 0 0 9.6415
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 1.8583 0 -1.1896 0 0 0 10.7264
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 2.3229 0 1.1017 0 0 0 10.7468
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 2.7875 0 3.3929 0 0 0 9.7027
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 3.2521 0 5.6842 0 0 0 7.5942
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 3.7167 0 7.9754 0 0 0 4.4212
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 4.1813 0 10.2666 0 0 0 0.1837
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 4.6458 0 12.5579 0 0 0 -5.1182
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 5.1104 0 14.8491 0 0 0 -11.4846
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 5.575 0 17.1404 0 0 0 -18.9155
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 5.575 0 22.1516 0 0 0 12.3092
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 5.8375 0 23.4462 0 0 0 6.3245
Story2 B3 3 DStlD1 6.1 0 24.7408 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 0 0 -23.809 0 0 0 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 0.4646 0 -18.5397 0 0 0 9.8373
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 0.9292 0 -13.2705 0 0 0 17.2265
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 1.3938 0 -8.0013 0 0 0 22.1678
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 1.8583 0 -2.7321 0 0 0 24.6611
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 2.3229 0 2.5371 0 0 0 24.7064
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 2.7875 0 7.8063 0 0 0 22.3036
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 3.2521 0 13.0756 0 0 0 17.453
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 3.7167 0 18.3448 0 0 0 10.1543
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 4.1813 0 23.614 0 0 0 0.4076
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 4.6458 0 28.8832 0 0 0 -11.7871
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 5.1104 0 34.1524 0 0 0 -26.4297
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 5.575 0 39.4217 0 0 0 -43.5204
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 5.575 0 48.0466 0 0 0 26.7875
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 5.8375 0 51.0239 0 0 0 13.7845
Story2 B3 3 DStlD2 6.1 0 54.0011 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 Dead 0 0 6.7454 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 Dead 0.1 0 6.8929 0 0 0 -0.6819
Story2 B7 10 Dead 0.1 0 10.5297 0 0 0 4.5526
Story2 B7 10 Dead 0.52 0 11.1495 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 Live 0 0 6.6392 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 Live 0.1 0 6.6392 0 0 0 -0.6639
Story2 B7 10 Live 0.1 0 6.6392 0 0 0 2.7885
Story2 B7 10 Live 0.52 0 6.6392 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlS1 0 0 9.4435 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlS1 0.1 0 9.6501 0 0 0 -0.9547
Story2 B7 10 DStlS1 0.1 0 14.7416 0 0 0 6.3737
Story2 B7 10 DStlS1 0.52 0 15.6092 0 0 0 0

Page 18 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 B7 10 DStlS2 0 0 20.0662 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlS2 0.1 0 20.2728 0 0 0 -2.017
Story2 B7 10 DStlS2 0.1 0 25.3644 0 0 0 10.8352
Story2 B7 10 DStlS2 0.52 0 26.232 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlD1 0 0 6.7454 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlD1 0.1 0 6.8929 0 0 0 -0.6819
Story2 B7 10 DStlD1 0.1 0 10.5297 0 0 0 4.5526
Story2 B7 10 DStlD1 0.52 0 11.1495 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlD2 0 0 13.3846 0 0 0 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlD2 0.1 0 13.5321 0 0 0 -1.3458
Story2 B7 10 DStlD2 0.1 0 17.169 0 0 0 7.3411
Story2 B7 10 DStlD2 0.52 0 17.7887 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 Dead 0 0 33.2616 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 Dead 0.1 0 33.4092 0 0 0 -3.3335
Story2 B8 8 Dead 0.1 0 37.046 0 0 0 15.6895
Story2 B8 8 Dead 0.52 0 37.6657 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 Live 0 0 38.7679 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 Live 0.1 0 38.7679 0 0 0 -3.8768
Story2 B8 8 Live 0.1 0 38.7679 0 0 0 16.2825
Story2 B8 8 Live 0.52 0 38.7679 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlS1 0 0 46.5663 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlS1 0.1 0 46.7729 0 0 0 -4.667
Story2 B8 8 DStlS1 0.1 0 51.8644 0 0 0 21.9653
Story2 B8 8 DStlS1 0.52 0 52.732 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlS2 0 0 108.595 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlS2 0.1 0 108.8015 0 0 0 -10.8698
Story2 B8 8 DStlS2 0.1 0 113.8931 0 0 0 48.0173
Story2 B8 8 DStlS2 0.52 0 114.7607 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlD1 0 0 33.2616 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlD1 0.1 0 33.4092 0 0 0 -3.3335
Story2 B8 8 DStlD1 0.1 0 37.046 0 0 0 15.6895
Story2 B8 8 DStlD1 0.52 0 37.6657 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlD2 0 0 72.0296 0 0 0 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlD2 0.1 0 72.1771 0 0 0 -7.2103
Story2 B8 8 DStlD2 0.1 0 75.8139 0 0 0 31.972
Story2 B8 8 DStlD2 0.52 0 76.4337 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Dead 0 0 -3.6368 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Dead 0.4175 0 -1.8184 0 0 0 1.1388
Story2 B9 9 Dead 0.835 0 0 0 0 0 1.5184
Story2 B9 9 Dead 1.2525 0 1.8184 0 0 0 1.1388
Story2 B9 9 Dead 1.67 0 3.6368 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Live 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Live 0.4175 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Live 0.835 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Live 1.2525 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 Live 1.67 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlS1 0 0 -5.0916 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlS1 0.4175 0 -2.5458 0 0 0 1.5943
Story2 B9 9 DStlS1 0.835 0 0 0 0 0 2.1257
Story2 B9 9 DStlS1 1.2525 0 2.5458 0 0 0 1.5943
Story2 B9 9 DStlS1 1.67 0 5.0916 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlS2 0 0 -5.0916 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlS2 0.4175 0 -2.5458 0 0 0 1.5943
Story2 B9 9 DStlS2 0.835 0 0 0 0 0 2.1257
Story2 B9 9 DStlS2 1.2525 0 2.5458 0 0 0 1.5943
Story2 B9 9 DStlS2 1.67 0 5.0916 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlD1 0 0 -3.6368 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlD1 0.4175 0 -1.8184 0 0 0 1.1388
Story2 B9 9 DStlD1 0.835 0 0 0 0 0 1.5184
Story2 B9 9 DStlD1 1.2525 0 1.8184 0 0 0 1.1388

Page 19 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 B9 9 DStlD1 1.67 0 3.6368 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlD2 0 0 -3.6368 0 0 0 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlD2 0.4175 0 -1.8184 0 0 0 1.1388
Story2 B9 9 DStlD2 0.835 0 0 0 0 0 1.5184
Story2 B9 9 DStlD2 1.2525 0 1.8184 0 0 0 1.1388
Story2 B9 9 DStlD2 1.67 0 3.6368 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 Dead 0 0 -5.0684 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 Dead 0.4646 0 -3.9619 0 0 0 2.0977
Story2 B10 12 Dead 0.9292 0 -2.8554 0 0 0 3.6813
Story2 B10 12 Dead 1.3938 0 -1.7488 0 0 0 4.7508
Story2 B10 12 Dead 1.8583 0 -0.6423 0 0 0 5.3062
Story2 B10 12 Dead 2.3229 0 0.4642 0 0 0 5.3476
Story2 B10 12 Dead 2.7875 0 1.5708 0 0 0 4.8749
Story2 B10 12 Dead 3.2521 0 2.6773 0 0 0 3.8881
Story2 B10 12 Dead 3.7167 0 3.7838 0 0 0 2.3873
Story2 B10 12 Dead 4.1813 0 4.8903 0 0 0 0.3723
Story2 B10 12 Dead 4.6458 0 5.9969 0 0 0 -2.1567
Story2 B10 12 Dead 5.1104 0 7.1034 0 0 0 -5.1998
Story2 B10 12 Dead 5.575 0 8.2099 0 0 0 -8.7569
Story2 B10 12 Dead 5.575 0 -0.0119 0 0 0 -2.977E-05
Story2 B10 12 Dead 5.58 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 Live 0 0 -14.1998 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 Live 0.4646 0 -11.0685 0 0 0 5.8696
Story2 B10 12 Live 0.9292 0 -7.9372 0 0 0 10.2845
Story2 B10 12 Live 1.3938 0 -4.8059 0 0 0 13.2446
Story2 B10 12 Live 1.8583 0 -1.6746 0 0 0 14.75
Story2 B10 12 Live 2.3229 0 1.4566 0 0 0 14.8007
Story2 B10 12 Live 2.7875 0 4.5879 0 0 0 13.3965
Story2 B10 12 Live 3.2521 0 7.7192 0 0 0 10.5377
Story2 B10 12 Live 3.7167 0 10.8505 0 0 0 6.2241
Story2 B10 12 Live 4.1813 0 13.9818 0 0 0 0.4557
Story2 B10 12 Live 4.6458 0 17.1131 0 0 0 -6.7673
Story2 B10 12 Live 5.1104 0 20.2444 0 0 0 -15.4452
Story2 B10 12 Live 5.575 0 23.3757 0 0 0 -25.5778
Story2 B10 12 Live 5.575 0 -0.0337 0 0 0 -0.0001
Story2 B10 12 Live 5.58 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 0 0 -7.0958 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 0.4646 0 -5.5467 0 0 0 2.9367
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 0.9292 0 -3.9975 0 0 0 5.1538
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 1.3938 0 -2.4484 0 0 0 6.6511
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 1.8583 0 -0.8992 0 0 0 7.4287
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 2.3229 0 0.6499 0 0 0 7.4867
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 2.7875 0 2.1991 0 0 0 6.8249
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 3.2521 0 3.7482 0 0 0 5.4434
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 3.7167 0 5.2973 0 0 0 3.3422
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 4.1813 0 6.8465 0 0 0 0.5213
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 4.6458 0 8.3956 0 0 0 -3.0194
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 5.1104 0 9.9448 0 0 0 -7.2797
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 5.575 0 11.4939 0 0 0 -12.2597
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 5.575 0 -0.0167 0 0 0 -4.168E-05
Story2 B10 12 DStlS1 5.58 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 0 0 -29.8155 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 0.4646 0 -23.2563 0 0 0 12.3281
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 0.9292 0 -16.6971 0 0 0 21.609
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 1.3938 0 -10.1379 0 0 0 27.8425
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 1.8583 0 -3.5787 0 0 0 31.0288
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 2.3229 0 2.9805 0 0 0 31.1677
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 2.7875 0 9.5398 0 0 0 28.2593
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 3.2521 0 16.099 0 0 0 22.3037
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 3.7167 0 22.6582 0 0 0 13.3007

Page 20 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 4.1813 0 29.2174 0 0 0 1.2505
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 4.6458 0 35.7766 0 0 0 -13.8471
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 5.1104 0 42.3358 0 0 0 -31.992
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 5.575 0 48.895 0 0 0 -53.1841
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 5.575 0 -0.0706 0 0 0 -0.0002
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 5.58 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 0 0 -5.0684 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 0.4646 0 -3.9619 0 0 0 2.0977
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 0.9292 0 -2.8554 0 0 0 3.6813
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 1.3938 0 -1.7488 0 0 0 4.7508
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 1.8583 0 -0.6423 0 0 0 5.3062
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 2.3229 0 0.4642 0 0 0 5.3476
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 2.7875 0 1.5708 0 0 0 4.8749
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 3.2521 0 2.6773 0 0 0 3.8881
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 3.7167 0 3.7838 0 0 0 2.3873
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 4.1813 0 4.8903 0 0 0 0.3723
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 4.6458 0 5.9969 0 0 0 -2.1567
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 5.1104 0 7.1034 0 0 0 -5.1998
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 5.575 0 8.2099 0 0 0 -8.7569
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 5.575 0 -0.0119 0 0 0 -2.977E-05
Story2 B10 12 DStlD1 5.58 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 0 0 -19.2683 0 0 0 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 0.4646 0 -15.0304 0 0 0 7.9673
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 0.9292 0 -10.7926 0 0 0 13.9658
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 1.3938 0 -6.5548 0 0 0 17.9954
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 1.8583 0 -2.317 0 0 0 20.0563
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 2.3229 0 1.9209 0 0 0 20.1483
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 2.7875 0 6.1587 0 0 0 18.2714
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 3.2521 0 10.3965 0 0 0 14.4258
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 3.7167 0 14.6343 0 0 0 8.6114
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 4.1813 0 18.8722 0 0 0 0.8281
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 4.6458 0 23.11 0 0 0 -8.924
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 5.1104 0 27.3478 0 0 0 -20.645
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 5.575 0 31.5856 0 0 0 -34.3347
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 5.575 0 -0.0456 0 0 0 -0.0001
Story2 B10 12 DStlD2 5.58 0 0 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 Dead 0 0 -56.1636 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 Dead 0.4825 0 -42.1227 0 0 0 23.7116
Story1 B5 5 Dead 0.965 0 -28.0818 0 0 0 40.6484
Story1 B5 5 Dead 1.4475 0 -14.0409 0 0 0 50.8105
Story1 B5 5 Dead 1.93 0 0 0 0 0 54.1979
Story1 B5 5 Dead 2.4125 0 14.0409 0 0 0 50.8105
Story1 B5 5 Dead 2.895 0 28.0818 0 0 0 40.6484
Story1 B5 5 Dead 3.3775 0 42.1227 0 0 0 23.7116
Story1 B5 5 Dead 3.86 0 56.1636 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 Live 0 0 -10.4413 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 Live 0.4825 0 -7.831 0 0 0 4.4082
Story1 B5 5 Live 0.965 0 -5.2207 0 0 0 7.5569
Story1 B5 5 Live 1.4475 0 -2.6103 0 0 0 9.4461
Story1 B5 5 Live 1.93 0 0 0 0 0 10.0759
Story1 B5 5 Live 2.4125 0 2.6103 0 0 0 9.4461
Story1 B5 5 Live 2.895 0 5.2207 0 0 0 7.5569
Story1 B5 5 Live 3.3775 0 7.831 0 0 0 4.4082
Story1 B5 5 Live 3.86 0 10.4413 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 0 0 -78.6291 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 0.4825 0 -58.9718 0 0 0 33.1962
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 0.965 0 -39.3145 0 0 0 56.9078
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 1.4475 0 -19.6573 0 0 0 71.1347
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 1.93 0 0 0 0 0 75.8771
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 2.4125 0 19.6573 0 0 0 71.1347

Page 21 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 2.895 0 39.3145 0 0 0 56.9078
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 3.3775 0 58.9718 0 0 0 33.1962
Story1 B5 5 DStlS1 3.86 0 78.6291 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 0 0 -95.3352 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 0.4825 0 -71.5014 0 0 0 40.2493
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 0.965 0 -47.6676 0 0 0 68.9988
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 1.4475 0 -23.8338 0 0 0 86.2485
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 1.93 0 0 0 0 0 91.9984
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 2.4125 0 23.8338 0 0 0 86.2485
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 2.895 0 47.6676 0 0 0 68.9988
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 3.3775 0 71.5014 0 0 0 40.2493
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 3.86 0 95.3352 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 0 0 -56.1636 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 0.4825 0 -42.1227 0 0 0 23.7116
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 0.965 0 -28.0818 0 0 0 40.6484
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 1.4475 0 -14.0409 0 0 0 50.8105
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 1.93 0 0 0 0 0 54.1979
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 2.4125 0 14.0409 0 0 0 50.8105
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 2.895 0 28.0818 0 0 0 40.6484
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 3.3775 0 42.1227 0 0 0 23.7116
Story1 B5 5 DStlD1 3.86 0 56.1636 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 0 0 -66.6049 0 0 0 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 0.4825 0 -49.9537 0 0 0 28.1198
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 0.965 0 -33.3025 0 0 0 48.2053
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 1.4475 0 -16.6512 0 0 0 60.2566
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 1.93 0 0 0 0 0 64.2738
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 2.4125 0 16.6512 0 0 0 60.2566
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 2.895 0 33.3025 0 0 0 48.2053
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 3.3775 0 49.9537 0 0 0 28.1198
Story1 B5 5 DStlD2 3.86 0 66.6049 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 Dead 0 0 -6.0477 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 Dead 0.4875 0 -4.5358 0 0 0 2.5797
Story1 B6 6 Dead 0.975 0 -3.0239 0 0 0 4.4224
Story1 B6 6 Dead 1.4625 0 -1.5119 0 0 0 5.528
Story1 B6 6 Dead 1.95 0 0 0 0 0 5.8965
Story1 B6 6 Dead 2.4375 0 1.5119 0 0 0 5.528
Story1 B6 6 Dead 2.925 0 3.0239 0 0 0 4.4224
Story1 B6 6 Dead 3.4125 0 4.5358 0 0 0 2.5797
Story1 B6 6 Dead 3.9 0 6.0477 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 Live 0 0 -2.9445 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 Live 0.4875 0 -2.2084 0 0 0 1.256
Story1 B6 6 Live 0.975 0 -1.4723 0 0 0 2.1532
Story1 B6 6 Live 1.4625 0 -0.7361 0 0 0 2.6915
Story1 B6 6 Live 1.95 0 0 0 0 0 2.8709
Story1 B6 6 Live 2.4375 0 0.7361 0 0 0 2.6915
Story1 B6 6 Live 2.925 0 1.4723 0 0 0 2.1532
Story1 B6 6 Live 3.4125 0 2.2084 0 0 0 1.256
Story1 B6 6 Live 3.9 0 2.9445 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 0 0 -8.4668 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 0.4875 0 -6.3501 0 0 0 3.6116
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 0.975 0 -4.2334 0 0 0 6.1914
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 1.4625 0 -2.1167 0 0 0 7.7392
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 1.95 0 0 0 0 0 8.2552
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 2.4375 0 2.1167 0 0 0 7.7392
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 2.925 0 4.2334 0 0 0 6.1914
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 3.4125 0 6.3501 0 0 0 3.6116
Story1 B6 6 DStlS1 3.9 0 8.4668 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 0 0 -13.178 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 0.4875 0 -9.8835 0 0 0 5.6212
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 0.975 0 -6.589 0 0 0 9.6364

Page 22 of 70
Analysis Results 04/03/2016

Unique Load Station P V2 V3 T M2 M3


Story Beam
Name Case/Combo m kN kN kN kN-m kN-m kN-m
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 1.4625 0 -3.2945 0 0 0 12.0455
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 1.95 0 0 0 0 0 12.8486
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 2.4375 0 3.2945 0 0 0 12.0455
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 2.925 0 6.589 0 0 0 9.6364
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 3.4125 0 9.8835 0 0 0 5.6212
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 3.9 0 13.178 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 0 0 -6.0477 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 0.4875 0 -4.5358 0 0 0 2.5797
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 0.975 0 -3.0239 0 0 0 4.4224
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 1.4625 0 -1.5119 0 0 0 5.528
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 1.95 0 0 0 0 0 5.8965
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 2.4375 0 1.5119 0 0 0 5.528
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 2.925 0 3.0239 0 0 0 4.4224
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 3.4125 0 4.5358 0 0 0 2.5797
Story1 B6 6 DStlD1 3.9 0 6.0477 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 0 0 -8.9922 0 0 0 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 0.4875 0 -6.7442 0 0 0 3.8357
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 0.975 0 -4.4961 0 0 0 6.5756
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 1.4625 0 -2.2481 0 0 0 8.2195
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 1.95 0 0 0 0 0 8.7674
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 2.4375 0 2.2481 0 0 0 8.2195
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 2.925 0 4.4961 0 0 0 6.5756
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 3.4125 0 6.7442 0 0 0 3.8357
Story1 B6 6 DStlD2 3.9 0 8.9922 0 0 0 0

Page 23 of 70
04/03/2016

6 Design Data
This chapter provides design data and results.

6.1 Steel Frame Design

Table 6.1 - Steel Frame Preferences - BS 5950-2000


Item Value
Multi-Response Design Step-by-Step - All
Frame Type Moment Frame
Consider Deflection? Yes
DL Ratio 120
SDL+LL Ratio 120
LL Ratio 360
Total Ratio 240
Total Camber Limit 240
Pattern Live Load Factor 0.75
D/C Ratio Limit 0.95

Table 6.2 - Steel Frame Overwrites - BS 5950-2000 (Part 1 of 5)


Unique Design Check Deflection SDL+LL
Story Label Design Section Frame Type DL Ratio
Name Type Deflection? Type Ratio
Story3 C1 7 Column Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story3 B1 1 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story2 B2 2 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story2 B3 3 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story2 B7 10 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story2 B8 8 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story2 B9 9 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story2 B10 12 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story1 B5 5 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120
Story1 B6 6 Beam Program Determined Moment Frame Yes Ratio 120 120

Table 6.2 - Steel Frame Overwrites - BS 5950-2000 (Part 2 of 5)


DL SDL+LL LL Total Camber
Unique Total Camber
Story Label LL Ratio Absolute Absolute Absolute Absolute Absolute
Name Ratio Ratio
mm mm mm mm mm
Story3 C1 7 360 240 240
Story3 B1 1 360 240 240
Story2 B2 2 360 240 240
Story2 B3 3 360 240 240
Story2 B7 10 360 240 240
Story2 B8 8 360 240 240
Story2 B9 9 360 240 240
Story2 B10 12 360 240 240
Story1 B5 5 360 240 240
Story1 B6 6 360 240 240

Table 6.2 - Steel Frame Overwrites - BS 5950-2000 (Part 3 of 5)

Effective Effective Uniform


Unbraced Unbraced
Unique Camber Net Area Length Length Moment
Story Label LLRF Length Length
Name mm Ratio Factor Factor Factor (m
Ratio Major Ratio Minor
Major Minor Major)

Story3 C1 7 0 1 1 0.935072 0.935072 0 0 1


Story3 B1 1 0 1 1 0.991031 0.991031 0 0 0.95
Story2 B2 2 0 1 1 1 0.566276 0 0 0.8
Story2 B3 3 0 1 1 1 0.913934 0 0 0.85659
Story2 B7 10 0 1 1 1 0.807692 0 0 0.8
Story2 B8 8 0 1 1 1 0.807692 0 0 0.8
Story2 B9 9 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.95

Page 24 of 70
04/03/2016

Effective Effective Uniform


Unbraced Unbraced
Unique Camber Net Area Length Length Moment
Story Label LLRF Length Length
Name mm Ratio Factor Factor Factor (m
Ratio Major Ratio Minor
Major Minor Major)

Story2 B10 12 0 1 1 1 0.999104 0 0 0.902665


Story1 B5 5 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.95
Story1 B6 6 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0.95

Table 6.2 - Steel Frame Overwrites - BS 5950-2000 (Part 4 of 5)


Eqv. Major Minor
Uniform
Uniform Yield Compressive Tensile Bending Bending
Unique Moment
Story Label Moment stress, Fy Capacity, Pc Capacity, Pt Capacity, Capacity,
Name Factor (m
factor MPa kN kN Mc3 Mc2
Minior)
(mLT) kN-m kN-m
Story3 C1 7 1 1 0 618.2973 744.6339 25.7312 25.7312
Story3 B1 1 1 1 0 391.5482 1620.2681 106.524 37.8319
Story2 B2 2 1 1 0 421.2734 999.7399 56.5515 18.1203
Story2 B3 3 1 1 0 468.328 1933.9796 128.2425 45.6407
Story2 B7 10 1 1 0 775.2427 786.0024 45.5054 11.0598
Story2 B8 8 1 1 0 775.2427 786.0024 44.3095 11.0598
Story2 B9 9 1 1 0 483.2143 786.0024 45.5054 11.0598
Story2 B10 12 1 1 0 385.2659 1620.2681 106.524 37.8319
Story1 B5 5 1 1 0 1025.1466 2240.7963 150.9952 53.7213
Story1 B6 6 1 1 0 246.3515 1170.7299 50.2007 16.2578

Table 6.2 - Steel Frame Overwrites - BS 5950-2000 (Part 5 of 5)

Buckling Major Shear Minor Shear


Unique Resistance Capacity, Capacity, D/C Ratio
Story Label
Name Moment, Mb Pv2 Pv3 Limit
kN-m kN kN

Story3 C1 7 25.8898 223.3902 223.3902 0.95


Story3 B1 1 61.5254 267.7372 661.0859 0.95
Story2 B2 2 36.8905 182.8324 385.3331 0.95
Story2 B3 3 79.872 326.191 789.4012 0.95
Story2 B7 10 45.5054 170.6453 279.2377 0.95
Story2 B8 8 45.5054 170.6453 279.2377 0.95
Story2 B9 9 36.1117 170.6453 279.2377 0.95
Story2 B10 12 61.1529 267.7372 661.0859 0.95
Story1 B5 5 118.8701 387.251 920.0621 0.95
Story1 B6 6 30.5967 347.4958 368.5938 0.95

Table 6.3 - Steel Column Envelope


Moment Cont. Dbl. B/C B/C
PMM V22 V33
Label Story Section Interaction Class Plate Plate Ratio Ratio
Combo Ratio Ratio
Check cm mm Major Minor
C1 Story3 SHCF100X100X6 0.05 = 0.05 + 0 + 0 DStlS2 0 0 Class 1

Table 6.4 - Steel Beam Envelope

Conn. V Conn. V
Moment Interaction PMM V22 V33
Label Story Section Class I-End J-End
Check Combo Ratio Ratio
kN kN

B1 Story3 UKC152X152X37 0.665 = 0 + 0.665 + 0 DStlS2 0.111 0 Class 1 0 0


B2 Story2 UKC152X152X23 0.724 = 0 + 0.724 + 0 DStlS2 0.607 0 Class 3 0 0
B3 Story2 UKC152X152X44 0.824 = 0 + 0.824 + 0 DStlS2 0.25 0 Class 1 0 0
B7 Story2 UKPFC150X75X18 0.238 = 0 + 0.238 + 0 DStlS2 0.154 0 Class 1 0 0
B8 Story2 UKPFC150X75X18 1.084 = 0 + 1.084 + 0 DStlS2 0.673 0 Class 1 0 0
B9 Story2 UKPFC150X75X18 0.059 = 0 + 0.059 + 0 DStlS2 0.03 0 Class 1 0 0
B10 Story2 UKC152X152X37 0.87 = 0 + 0.87 + 0 DStlS2 0.183 0 Class 1 0 0

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Conn. V Conn. V
Moment Interaction PMM V22 V33
Label Story Section Class I-End J-End
Check Combo Ratio Ratio
kN kN

B5 Story1 UKC152X152X51 0.774 = 0 + 0.774 + 0 DStlS2 0.246 0 Class 1 0 0


B6 Story1 2UPN120/10/ 0.42 = 0 + 0.42 + 0 DStlS2 0.038 0 Class 1 0 0

Table 6.5 - Steel Frame Summary - BS 5950-2000 (Part 1 of 2)

Unique Design PMM PMM M Major M Minor


Story Label Design Section Status P Ratio
Name Type Combo Ratio Ratio Ratio

Story3 C1 7 Column SHCF100X100X6 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.05 0.05 0 0


Story3 B1 1 Beam UKC152X152X37 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.665 0 0.665 0
Story2 B2 2 Beam UKC152X152X23 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.724 0 0.724 0
Story2 B3 3 Beam UKC152X152X44 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.824 0 0.824 0
Story2 B7 10 Beam UKPFC150X75X18 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.238 0 0.238 0
Story2 B8 8 Beam UKPFC150X75X18 No Message DStlS2(C) 1.084 0 1.084 0
Story2 B9 9 Beam UKPFC150X75X18 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.059 0 0.059 0
Story2 B10 12 Beam UKC152X152X37 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.87 0 0.87 0
Story1 B5 5 Beam UKC152X152X51 No Message DStlS2(C) 0.774 0 0.774 0
Story1 B6 6 Beam 2UPN120/10/ No Message DStlS2(C) 0.42 0 0.42 0

Table 6.5 - Steel Frame Summary - BS 5950-2000 (Part 2 of 2)


Unique V Major V Major V Minor V Minor
Story Label
Name Combo Ratio Combo Ratio
Story3 C1 7 DStlS2 0 DStlS2 0
Story3 B1 1 DStlS2 0.111 DStlS2 0
Story2 B2 2 DStlS2 0.607 DStlS2 0
Story2 B3 3 DStlS2 0.25 DStlS2 0
Story2 B7 10 DStlS2 0.154 DStlS2 0
Story2 B8 8 DStlS2 0.673 DStlS2 0
Story2 B9 9 DStlS2 0.03 DStlS2 0
Story2 B10 12 DStlS2 0.183 DStlS2 0
Story1 B5 5 DStlS2 0.246 DStlS2 0
Story1 B6 6 DStlS2 0.038 DStlS2 0

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

TO MEGA-

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story3 B1 UKC152X152X37 DStlS2 2762.5 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
47 2210 68.6 273.2 29.6 309

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
19.2 706 38.8 91.5 12.9 140 39842.5

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
5575.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.665 0+ 0.665 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
2762.5 0 40.9291 0 0 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 0.991 1 0.95 1
Minor Bending 0.991 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 1620.2681 391.5482 1067.5488 391.5482

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 40.9291 106.524 61.5254
Minor Bending 0 37.8319

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 29.6319 267.7372 0.111
Minor Shear 0 661.0859 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story3 B1 Moment Resisting Frame UKC152X152X37

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 11.7 46.5 0.253 DStlD2 2762.5 OK
Super DL + Live Load 8 46.5 0.173 DStlD2 2762.5 OK
Live Load 8 15.5 0.518 DStlD2 2762.5 OK
Total Load 19.8 23.2 0.851 DStlD2 2762.5 OK
Total - Camber 19.8 23.2 0.851 DStlD2 2762.5 OK

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story2 B2 UKC152X152X23 DStlS2 3815 Moment Resisting Frame Class 3

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
29 1250 65.7 164 17.2 182

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
4.6 400 37.1 52.6 8.8 80 21177

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
6737.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.724 0+ 0.724 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
3815 0 -26.7096 0 58.1068 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.8 1
Minor Bending 0.566 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 999.7399 421.2734 461.8446 421.2734

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 26.7096 56.5515 36.8905
Minor Bending 0 18.1203

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 110.9909 182.8324 0.607
Minor Shear 0 385.3331 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story2 B2 Moment Resisting Frame UKC152X152X23

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 1.7 56.1 0.03 DStlD2 1892 OK
Super DL + Live Load 7.5 56.1 0.133 DStlD2 3815 OK
Live Load 7.5 18.7 0.4 DStlD2 3815 OK
Total Load 8.4 28.1 0.3 DStlD2 3326.5 OK
Total - Camber 8.4 28.1 0.3 DStlD2 3326.5 OK

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story2 B3 UKC152X152X44 DStlS2 5575 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
56.1 2703 69.4 325.7 35.3 372

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
31.7 860 39.2 110.3 15.8 169 49869.6

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
6100.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.824 0+ 0.824 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
5575 0 -65.8495 0 59.6466 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.857 1
Minor Bending 0.914 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 1933.9796 468.328 1136.3661 468.328

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 65.8495 128.2425 79.872
Minor Bending 0 45.6407

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 81.4536 326.191 0.25
Minor Shear 0 789.4012 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story2 B3 Moment Resisting Frame UKC152X152X44

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 4.9 50.8 0.096 DStlD2 2322.9 OK
Super DL + Live Load 12.9 50.8 0.253 DStlD2 2787.5 OK
Live Load 12.9 16.9 0.76 DStlD2 2787.5 OK
Total Load 17.6 25.4 0.693 DStlD2 2787.5 OK
Total - Camber 17.6 25.4 0.693 DStlD2 2787.5 OK

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story1 B5 UKC152X152X51 DStlS2 1930 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
65 3227 70.5 379.2 41.2 438

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
48.8 1022 39.7 129.9 18.7 199 60891.9

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
3860.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.774 0+ 0.774 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
1930 0 91.9984 0 0 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.95 1
Minor Bending 1 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 2240.7963 1025.1466 1955.051 1025.1466

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 91.9984 150.9952 118.8701
Minor Bending 0 53.7213

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 95.3352 387.251 0.246
Minor Shear 0 920.0621 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story1 B5 Moment Resisting Frame UKC152X152X51

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 12.9 32.2 0.4 DStlD2 1930 OK
Super DL + Live Load 2.4 32.2 0.074 DStlD2 1930 OK
Live Load 2.4 10.7 0.223 DStlD2 1930 OK
Total Load 15.3 16.1 0.949 DStlD2 1930 OK
Total - Camber 15.3 16.1 0.949 DStlD2 1930 OK

Page 45 of 70
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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story1 B6 2UPN120/10/ DStlS2 1950 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
34 728.1 46.3 121.4 16.5 146.3

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
7.7 235.8 26.4 39.3 16.8 71.3 2106.9

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
3900.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.42 0+ 0.42 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
1950 0 12.8486 0 0 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.95 1
Minor Bending 1 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 1170.7299 246.3515 585.5019 246.3515

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 12.8486 50.2007 30.5967
Minor Bending 0 16.2578

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 13.178 347.4958 0.038
Minor Shear 0 368.5938 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story1 B6 Moment Resisting Frame 2UPN120/10/

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 6.3 32.5 0.195 DStlD2 1950 OK
Super DL + Live Load 3.1 32.5 0.095 DStlD2 1950 OK
Live Load 3.1 10.8 0.285 DStlD2 1950 OK
Total Load 9.4 16.3 0.58 DStlD2 1950 OK
Total - Camber 9.4 16.3 0.58 DStlD2 1950 OK

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story3 C1 SHCF100X100X6 DStlS2 0 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
21.6 311 37.9 62.2 12 75.1

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
514 311 37.9 62.2 12 75.1

Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
2492.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.05 0.05 + 0+ 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
0 -30.723 0 0 0 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 0.935 1 1 1
Minor Bending 0.935 1 1

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Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
30.723 744.6339 618.2973 618.2973 618.2973

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 0 25.7312 25.8898
Minor Bending 0 25.7312

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 0 223.3902 0
Minor Shear 0 223.3902 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story3 C1 Moment Resisting Frame SHCF100X100X6

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 0 20.8 0 DStlD2 2330.2 OK
Super DL + Live Load 0 20.8 0 DStlD2 2330.2 OK
Live Load 0 6.9 0 DStlD2 2330.2 OK
Total Load 0 10.4 0 DStlD2 2330.2 OK
Total - Camber 0 10.4 0 DStlD2 2330.2 OK

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story2 B8 UKPFC150X75X18 DStlS2 100 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
22.8 861 61.5 114.8 15 132

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
6.1 131 24 26.7 8.3 47.2 4503.2

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
520.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
1.084 0+ 1.084 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
100 0 48.0173 0 113.8931 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.8 1
Minor Bending 0.808 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 786.0024 775.2427 786.0024 775.2427

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 48.0173 44.3095 45.5054
Minor Bending 0 11.0598

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 114.7607 170.6453 0.673
Minor Shear 0 279.2377 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story2 B8 Moment Resisting Frame UKPFC150X75X18

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 0.1 4.3 0.028 DStlD2 0 OK
Super DL + Live Load 0.1 4.3 0.029 DStlD2 0 OK
Live Load 0.1 1.4 0.086 DStlD2 0 OK
Total Load 0.2 2.2 0.114 DStlD2 0 OK
Total - Camber 0.2 2.2 0.114 DStlD2 0 OK

Page 57 of 70
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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story2 B9 UKPFC150X75X18 DStlS2 835 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
22.8 861 61.5 114.8 15 132

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
6.1 131 24 26.7 8.3 47.2 4503.2

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
1670.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.059 0+ 0.059 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
835 0 2.1257 0 0 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.95 1
Minor Bending 1 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 786.0024 483.2143 730.9795 483.2143

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 2.1257 45.5054 36.1117
Minor Bending 0 11.0598

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 5.0916 170.6453 0.03
Minor Shear 0 279.2377 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story2 B9 Moment Resisting Frame UKPFC150X75X18

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 0.2 13.9 0.017 DStlD2 835 OK
Super DL + Live Load 0 13.9 0 DStlD2 1670 OK
Live Load 0 4.6 0 DStlD2 1670 OK
Total Load 0.2 7 0.035 DStlD2 835 OK
Total - Camber 0.2 7 0.035 DStlD2 835 OK

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ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

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Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story2 B7 UKPFC150X75X18 DStlS2 100 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
22.8 861 61.5 114.8 15 132

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
6.1 131 24 26.7 8.3 47.2 4503.2

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Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
520.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.238 0+ 0.238 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
100 0 10.8352 0 25.3644 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.8 1
Minor Bending 0.808 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 786.0024 775.2427 786.0024 775.2427

Moments and Capacities


M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)
Major Bending 10.8352 45.5054 45.5054
Minor Bending 0 11.0598

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 26.232 170.6453 0.154
Minor Shear 0 279.2377 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story2 B7 Moment Resisting Frame UKPFC150X75X18

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 3.57E-02 4.3 0.008 DStlD2 0 OK
Super DL + Live Load 2.139E-02 4.3 0.005 DStlD2 0 OK
Live Load 2.139E-02 1.4 0.015 DStlD2 0 OK
Total Load 0.1 2.2 0.026 DStlD2 0 OK
Total - Camber 0.1 2.2 0.026 DStlD2 0 OK

Page 67 of 70
Design Data 04/03/2016

ETABS 2015 Steel Frame Design


BS 5950-2000 Steel Section Check (Envelope Details)

Element Details
Level Element Section Combo Location Frame Type Classification
Story2 B10 UKC152X152X37 DStlS2 5575 Moment Resisting Frame Class 2

Section Properties
A (cm) I33 (cm) r33 (mm) Wel33 (cm) Av3 (cm) Wpl33 (cm)
47 2210 68.6 273.2 29.6 309

J (cm) I22 (cm) r22 (mm) Wel22 (cm) Av2 (cm) Wpl22 (cm) Cw (cm)
19.2 706 38.8 91.5 12.9 140 39842.5

Material Properties
E (MPa) fy (MPa)
199947.98 344.74

LLRF and Demand/Capacity Ratio


L (mm) LLRF Stress Ratio Limit
5580.0 1 0.95

Demand/Capacity (D/C) Ratio (4.8.3.3.1-2)


D/C Ratio Axial Ratio Flexural RatioMajor Flexural RatioMinor
0.87 0+ 0.87 + 0

Stress Check forces and Moments


Location (mm) N (kN) M33 (kN-m) M22 (kN-m) V2 (kN) V3 (kN)
5575 0 -53.1841 0 48.895 0

Axial Force & Biaxial Moment Design Factors (4.8.3.3.1-2)


L Factor K m Factor mLT
Major Bending 1 1 0.903 1
Minor Bending 0.999 1 1

Axial Force and Capacities


N Force (kN) Nt Strength (kN) Nc Strength (kN) Nc Major (kN) Nc Minor (kN)
0 1620.2681 385.2659 1054.662 385.2659

Moments and Capacities

Page 68 of 70
Design Data 04/03/2016

M Moment (kN-m) Mc Capacity (kN-m) Mb Strength (kN-m)


Major Bending 53.1841 106.524 61.1529
Minor Bending 0 37.8319

Shear Design
Fv Force (kN) Nv Strength (kN) Stress Ratio
Major Shear 48.895 267.7372 0.183
Minor Shear 0 661.0859 0

Element Details
Level Element Element Type Section
Story2 B10 Moment Resisting Frame UKC152X152X37

DEFLECTION DESIGN
Deflection Deflection Station
Deflection Deflection Load Check
Value Limit Location
Type Ratio Combo Status
mm mm mm
Dead Load 3 46.5 0.064 DStlD2 2322.9 OK
Super DL + Live Load 14.3 46.5 0.308 DStlD2 2787.5 OK
Live Load 14.3 15.5 0.923 DStlD2 2787.5 OK
Total Load 17.2 23.3 0.74 DStlD2 2787.5 OK
Total - Camber 17.2 23.3 0.74 DStlD2 2787.5 OK

Page 69 of 70
Design Data 04/03/2016

Page 70 of 70
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 1

1. FLOOR
Simply supported beam

2. General description, assumptions, materials, loads

2.1. Construction type


Timber floor, from timber C24
Beam free span 4.000 m
Beam cross section BxH=50mmx190mm
2.2. Design codes
EN1990:2002 Basis of structural design
EN1991-1-1:2002 Actions on structures
EN1995-1-1:2009 Design of timber structures

2.3. Design methodology


The internal forces are computed at the ends and the middle span of the floor beam,
and the elastic deflections at midspan, for all the load combinations,
according to EC 1 an EC 5. All the checks of Eurocode 5 are performed in
ultimate limit state, (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6). The deflections are checked in serviceability
limit state, according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.2. The Eurocode 5 considerations
are taken into account for the check of beam vibrations (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.3.3).

2.4. Material properties (timber) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 3)


Timber class : C24
Service classes : Class 1, moisture content<=12% (EC5 2.3.1.3)
Material factor M=1.30 (EC5 Tab. 2.3)
Characteristic material properties for timber
fmk = 24.0 MPa, ft0k = 14.0 MPa, ft90k= 0.4 MPa
fc0k= 21.0 MPa, fc90k= 5.3 MPa, fvk = 2.5 MPa
E0m =11000 MPa, E005 = 7400 MPa, E90m = 370 MPa
Gm = 690 MPa, k = 350 Kg/m

2.5. Cross section characteristics of floor beams


Cross section BxH=50mmx190mm, A=9.500E+003mm, I=2.858E+007mm4, W=3.008E+005mm

3. Maximum internal beam forces and deflections (L=4.000m)


Dead loads Gk= 0.240kN/m, maxV= 0.48kN, maxM= 0.48kNm, max= 2.63mm
Live loads Qk= 0.800kN/m, maxV= 1.60kN, maxM= 1.60kNm, max= 8.78mm
4. Serviceability limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7)

Control of deflection in middle of beam span (EC5 7.2)

Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action 0 1 2 Kdef


( Gk) Dead Gk = 0.240 2.633 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qkf) Live Qk = 0.800 8.775 Medium-term 0.70 0.50 0.30 0.60

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 2.633 4.212
2 Qk1 8.775 10.355
3 Gk+Qk1 11.408 14.567

w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef) (EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4)

07/03/2016 10:43:29
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 2

Maximum deflection values


w.inst = 11.408 mm, w.fin = 14.567 mm

Check according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2


Final deflections
w.inst = 11.408 mm < L/300=4000/300= 13.333 mm
w.net,fin = 14.567 mm < L/250=4000/250= 16.000 mm
w.fin = 14.567 mm < L/150=4000/150= 26.667 mm
The check is satisfied

5. Vibrations (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.3.3)


Basic floor natural frequency f=(3.14/2L) (EI/M) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.3.3)
L=4.000 m, E=1.100E+010 Nm/m, I=2.858E-005 m4, M=24.46 kg/m, f=11.13 Hz
f=11.13 Hz > 8 Hz. The basic natural frequency is acceptable

6. Ultimate limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)

Loading [kN/m] Action g q o


( Gk) Dead Gk = 0.240 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qkf) Live Qk = 0.800 Medium-term 0.00 1.50 0.70

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod


1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 1.080 1.080
2 g.Gk + q.Qkf Medium-term 0.80 3.810 3.810
Maximum values 3.810 3.810

Shear, Fv=3.048 kN (EC5 6.1.7)


Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=190 mm, A= 6 460 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=2.50 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.80x2.50/1.30=1.54N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=3.048 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x3.048/6460=0.71N/mm < 1.54N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Bending, Myd=3.048 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)


Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=190mm, A=9.500E+003mm, Wy=3.008E+005mm, Wz=7.917E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=24.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.80x24.00/1.30=14.77N/mm
fmzk=24.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.80x24.00/1.30=14.77N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x3.048/3.008E+005=10.13 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/7.917E+004= 0.00 N/mm

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.686+0.000= 0.69 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.480+0.000= 0.48 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=3.048 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=190mm, A=9.500E+003mm, Wy=3.008E+005mm, Wz=7.917E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=21.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.80x21.00/1.30=12.92N/mm
fmyk=24.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.80x24.00/1.30=14.77N/mm
fmzk=24.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.80x24.00/1.30=14.77N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x3.048/3.008E+005=10.13 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/7.917E+004= 0.00 N/mm

07/03/2016 10:43:29
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 3

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x4.000=4.000 m= 4000 mm
Skz= 0.10x4.000=0.400 m= 400 mm

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 190= 55 mm, y= 4000/ 55= 72.73
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 400/ 14= 28.57

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 7400/(190x3600)= 21.10N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x190x 7400/(50x400)=10418.46N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 21.10 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 1.07 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz=10418.46 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.05 (EC5 Eq.6.30)

rel,my=1.07, (0.75<rel<=1.40, Kcrit=1.56-0.75relm), Kcrity=0.76 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.05, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.903+0.000= 0.90 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.632+0.000= 0.63 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied

3
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 1

1. FLAT ROOF

2. General description, assumptions, materials, loads

2.1. Construction type


Timber floor, from timber C16
Beam free span 3.899 m
Beam cross section BxH=50mmx175mm
2.2. Design codes
EN1990:2002 Basis of structural design
EN1991-1-1:2002 Actions on structures
EN1995-1-1:2009 Design of timber structures

2.3. Design methodology


The internal forces are computed at the ends and the middle span of the floor beam,
and the elastic deflections at midspan, for all the load combinations,
according to EC 1 an EC 5. All the checks of Eurocode 5 are performed in
ultimate limit state, (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6). The deflections are checked in serviceability
limit state, according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.2. The Eurocode 5 considerations
are taken into account for the check of beam vibrations (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.3.3).

2.4. Material properties (timber) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 3)


Timber class : C16
Service classes : Class 1, moisture content<=12% (EC5 2.3.1.3)
Material factor M=1.30 (EC5 Tab. 2.3)
Characteristic material properties for timber
fmk = 16.0 MPa, ft0k = 10.0 MPa, ft90k= 0.3 MPa
fc0k= 17.0 MPa, fc90k= 4.6 MPa, fvk = 1.8 MPa
E0m = 8000 MPa, E005 = 5400 MPa, E90m = 270 MPa
Gm = 500 MPa, k = 310 Kg/m

2.5. Cross section characteristics of floor beams


Cross section BxH=50mmx175mm, A=8.750E+003mm, I=2.233E+007mm4, W=2.552E+005mm

3. Maximum internal beam forces and deflections (L=3.899m)


Dead loads Gk= 0.240kN/m, maxV= 0.47kN, maxM= 0.46kNm, max= 4.17mm
Live loads Qk= 0.300kN/m, maxV= 0.58kN, maxM= 0.57kNm, max= 5.21mm

4. Serviceability limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7)

Control of deflection in middle of beam span (EC5 7.2)

Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action 0 1 2 Kdef


( Gk) Dead Gk = 0.240 4.168 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qkf) Live Qk = 0.300 5.210 Medium-term 0.70 0.50 0.30 0.60
Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]
1 Gk 4.168 6.668
2 Qk1 5.210 6.147
3 Gk+Qk1 9.378 12.816

w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef) (EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4)


Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 2

Maximum deflection values


w.inst = 9.378 mm, w.fin = 12.816 mm

Check according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2


Final deflections
w.inst = 9.378 mm < L/300=3899/300= 12.997 mm
w.net,fin = 12.816 mm < L/250=3899/250= 15.596 mm
w.fin = 12.816 mm < L/150=3899/150= 25.993 mm
The check is satisfied

5. Vibrations (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.3.3)


Basic floor natural frequency f=(3.14/2L) (EI/M) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.3.3)
L=3.899 m, E=8.000E+009 Nm/m, I=2.233E-005 m4, M=24.46 kg/m, f=8.83 Hz
f=8.83 Hz > 8 Hz. The basic natural frequency is acceptable

6. Ultimate limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)

Loading [kN/m] Action g q o


( Gk) Dead Gk = 0.240 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qkf) Live Qk = 0.300 Medium-term 0.00 1.50 0.70

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod


1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 1.053 1.026
2 g.Gk + q.Qkf Medium-term 0.80 1.886 1.839
Maximum values 1.886 1.839

Shear, Fv=1.509 kN (EC5 6.1.7)


Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=175 mm, A= 5 950 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.80x1.80/1.30=1.11N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=1.509 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x1.509/5950=0.38N/mm < 1.11N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Bending, Myd=1.471 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)


Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=175mm, A=8.750E+003mm, Wy=2.552E+005mm, Wz=7.292E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x1.471/2.552E+005= 5.76 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/7.292E+004= 0.00 N/mm

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.585+0.000= 0.59 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.410+0.000= 0.41 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=1.471 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=175mm, A=8.750E+003mm, Wy=2.552E+005mm, Wz=7.292E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.80x17.00/1.30=10.46N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x1.471/2.552E+005= 5.76 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/7.292E+004= 0.00 N/mm
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 3

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x3.899=3.899 m= 3899 mm
Skz= 0.10x3.899=0.390 m= 390 mm

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 175= 51 mm, y= 3899/ 51= 76.45
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 390/ 14= 27.85

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(175x3509)= 17.15N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x175x 5400/(50x390)=6616.70N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 17.15 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 0.97 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz= 6616.70 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.05 (EC5 Eq.6.30)

rel,my=0.97, (0.75<rel<=1.40, Kcrit=1.56-0.75relm), Kcrity=0.84 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.05, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.701+0.000= 0.70 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.490+0.000= 0.49 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied

Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 1

Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 1

Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 1

1. PITCH ROOF
Monopitch roof

2. General description, assumptions, materials, loads

2.1. Construction type


Timber roof, from beams with timber C16. The roof type as sketch above.
Span 4.140 m, height 2.900 m, roof pitch 35.00, beam spacing 0.400m
Purlins from timber C16, with dimensions 50x50 mm, in spacing 0.300 m
Elements , Cross section 50x150 [mm]
Beam volume =0.044 m, beam weight =0.135 kN

2.2. Design codes


EN1990:2002, Eurocode 0 Part 1-1, Basis of structural design
EN1991-1-1:2002, Eurocode 1 Part 1-1, Actions on structures
EN1991-1-3:2003, Eurocode 1 Part 1-3, Snow loads
EN1991-1-4:2005, Eurocode 1 Part 1-4, Wind actions
EN1995-1-1:2009, Eurocode 5 Part 1-1, Design of timber structures

2.3. Design methodology


All the load combinations according to Eurocode 1 and Eurocode 5 are taken into account,
and the checks are performed in the most unfavourable loading conditions, for combined action,
in ultimate limit state, according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6. The connections are designed
as bolted connections with metal plates according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 8.
The deflections are checked in serviceability limit condition,
according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.
2.4. Material properties (beam, purlins) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 3)
Timber class : C16
Service classes : Class 1, moisture content<=12% (EC5 2.3.1.3)
Material factor M=1.30 (EC5 Tab. 2.3)
Characteristic material properties for timber
fmk = 16.0 MPa, ft0k = 10.0 MPa, ft90k= 0.3 MPa
fc0k= 17.0 MPa, fc90k= 4.6 MPa, fvk = 1.8 MPa
E0m = 8000 MPa, E005 = 5400 MPa, E90m = 270 MPa
Gm = 500 MPa, k = 310 Kg/m
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 2

2.5. Distributed roof loads


Permanent load of roof covering Ge= 0.600 kN/m (Thin stone plates)
Purlins, finishing, insulation Gt= 0.100 kN/m Ge+Gt= 0.700 kN/m
Load of ceiling under the roof Gc= 0.300 kN/m
Snow load on the ground Sk= 0.500 kN/m
Wind pressure on vertical surface Qw= 0.500 kN/m
Imposed load (category H) Qi= 0.400 kN/m

3. Snow load (EC1 EN1991-1-3:2003, 5,)

Characteristic value of snow load on the ground: sk=0.500 kN/m

Snow load on the roof (EC1 EN1991-1-3:2003, 5,)


Angle of pitch of roof : a=35.011

Exposure coefficient : Ce=1.000 (EC1-1-3 5.2(7))


Thermal coefficient : Ct=1.000 (EC1-1-3 5.2(8))
Shape coefficients, =35.01, 1=0.666 (Table 5.2)

Snow load (EC1 EN1991-1-3:2003, 5,.2(5.1), 5.3.2)


S1=1.CeCtSk=0.666x1.000x1.000x0.500=0.333 kN/m

4. Wind loading (EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005 5)

Pick velocity pressure Q(z)=QrefCe(z), Qref=Vref/1.6 (EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005 4.5)


Wind pressure on vertical surface Qref.Ce(z)= 0.500 kN/m

Wind pressure on roof we=QrefCe(z).Cpe (EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005, 5.2)


External pressure coefficients (EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005 Table 7.4)
For pitch angle =35.01, Cpe=0.47
Wind pressure we=0.233 kN/m
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 3

5. Design of purlins

Structural system for purlins


The purlins are designed as simply supported beams with span length L=0.400m the distance
between the beams. They are loaded with a surface load of width L1=0.300m (purlin spacing).
The purlin axis has inclination =35.01 with the vertical. The vertical loads (self weight,
snow, concentrated load) are decomposed in two components in the directions z-z P.cos,
and y-y P.sin, the wind load acts in the z-z direction.

Dimensions of purlins
Timber of purlins: C16, Class 1, moisture content<=12%, cross section of purlins BxH:50x50mm
Spacing of purlins L= 0.300m, roof pitch = 35.01 , Spacing of beams L= 0.400m

Uniform loading of purlins kN/m


Roof covering Ge= 0.600 kN/m
Finishing+self weight G1= 0.100 kN/m
Snow load Qs= 0.333 kN/m
Wind load Qw= 0.233 kN/m
Concentrated load Qp= 1.000 kN

Line loading of purlins (kN/m) in z-z and y-y


Roof covering+self weight Gk = 0.210 kN/m, Gkz = 0.172 kN/m, Gkez= 0.120 kN/m
Snow load Qks= 0.100 kN/m, Qksz= 0.082 kN/m, Qksz= 0.057 kN/m
Wind load Qkw= 0.070 kN/m, Qkwz= 0.070 kN/m, Qkwy= 0.000 kN/m
Concentrated load Qkp= 1.000 kN, Qkpz= 0.819 kN, Qkpz= 0.574 kN

Internal forces of purlins (span L=0.400 m, BxH: 50x50 mm)


Loading Action g q o Qz[kN] Qy[kN] My[kNm] Mz[kNm]
(Gk) Permanent Gk =0.210[kN/m] Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00 0.034 0.024 0.003 0.002
(Qk1) Snow Qks=0.100[kN/m] Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.70 0.016 0.011 0.002 0.001
(Qk2) Wind Qkw=0.070[kN/m] Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.60 0.014 0.000 0.001 0.000
(Qk3) ConcentratedQkp=1.000[kN] Instantaneous 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.410 0.287 0.082 0.057

5.1. Serviceability limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7)


Control of deflection (EC5 7.2)

Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action 0 1 2 Kdef


(Gk) Permanent Gk =0.172[kN/m] 0.006 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qk1) Snow Qks=0.082[kN/m] 0.003 Short-term 0.70 0.50 0.20 0.60
(Qk2) Wind Qkw=0.070[kN/m] 0.002 Short-term 0.60 0.20 0.00 0.60

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 0.006 0.009
2 Gk + Qk1 0.008 0.012
3 Gk + Qk2 0.008 0.011
4 Gk + Qk1 + o.Qk2 0.010 0.014
5 Gk + Qk2 + o.Qk1 0.010 0.014

w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef) (EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4)

Maximum deflection values


w.inst = 0.010 mm, w.fin = 0.014 mm
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 4

Check according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2


Final deflections
w.inst = 0.010 mm < L/300=400/300= 1.333 mm
w.net,fin = 0.014 mm < L/250=400/250= 1.600 mm
w.fin = 0.014 mm < L/150=400/150= 2.667 mm
The check is satisfied

5.2. Check of purlins, Ultimate limit state of design (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod Qz/Kmod Qy/Kmod My/Kmod Mz/Kmod
1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 0.077 0.054 0.008 0.005
2 g.Gk + q.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 0.079 0.055 0.008 0.006
3 g.Gk + q.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 0.075 0.036 0.007 0.004
4 g.Gk + q.Qk3 Instantaneous 1.10 0.415 0.290 0.079 0.055
5 g.Gk + q.Qk1 + q.o.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 0.093 0.055 0.009 0.006
6 g.Gk + q.Qk2 + q.o.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 0.094 0.050 0.009 0.005
Maximum values 0.415 0.290 0.079 0.055

Purlin, Load combination No 4


Shear, Fv=0.456 kN (EC5 6.1.7)
Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=50 mm, A= 1 700 mm
Modification factor Kmod=1.10 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=1.10x1.80/1.30=1.52N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=0.456 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x0.456/1700=0.40N/mm < 1.52N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Purlin, Load combination No 4


Shear, Fv=0.319 kN (EC5 6.1.7)
Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=50 mm, A= 1 700 mm
Modification factor Kmod=1.10 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=1.10x1.80/1.30=1.52N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=0.319 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x0.319/1700=0.28N/mm < 1.52N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Purlin, Load combination No 4


Bending, Myd=0.087 kNm, Mzd=0.061 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=50mm, A=2.500E+003mm, Wy=2.083E+004mm, Wz=2.083E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=1.10 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=1.10x16.00/1.30=13.54N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=1.10x16.00/1.30=13.54N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.087/2.083E+004= 4.15 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.061/2.083E+004= 2.91 N/mm

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.307+0.150= 0.46 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.215+0.215= 0.43 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Purlin, Load combination No 4


Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=0.087 kNm, Mzd=0.061 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=50mm, A=2.500E+003mm, Wy=2.083E+004mm, Wz=2.083E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=1.10 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=1.10x17.00/1.30=14.38N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=1.10x16.00/1.30=13.54N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=1.10x16.00/1.30=13.54N/mm
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 5

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.087/2.083E+004= 4.15 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.061/2.083E+004= 2.91 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x0.400=0.400 m= 400 mm
Skz= 1.00x0.400=0.400 m= 400 mm

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, y= 400/ 14= 28.57
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 400/ 14= 28.57

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(50x400)= 526.50N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(50x400)= 526.50N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 526.50 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 0.17 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz= 526.50 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.17 (EC5 Eq.6.30)

rel,my=0.17, (rel<=0.75), Kcrity=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.17, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.307+0.150= 0.46 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.215+0.215= 0.43 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 6

6. Beam design

Beam geometric characteristics

Length L=4.140 m, height H=2.900 m, beam spacing d=0.400 m


Pitch =70.05%, angle =35.01 , tan=0.700, sin=0.574, cos=0.819
Number of nodes = 4, number of elements =3, supports 3

Nodal coordinates Beam element properties


Node x[m] y[m] Sup. Element K1 K2 bxh[mm] L[m] A[mm] Iy[mm4] Wy[mm]
1 0.000 0.000 11 1 1 3 50x150 1.575 7.500E+003 1.406E+007 1.875E+005
2 4.140 2.900 01 2 3 2 50x150 3.479 7.500E+003 1.406E+007 1.875E+005
3 1.290 0.904 01 3 2 4 50x150 0.854 7.500E+003 1.406E+007 1.875E+005
4 4.840 3.390

Line loads per beam


Timber density =310.00 kg/m3, beam self weight =0.135 kN
Beam spacing d=0.40 m, weight of beam connections =0.013 kN

Permanent line loads (kN/m) on beam


Roof covering+self weight Gk1= 0.311 kN/m
Ceiling under roof Gk2= 0.120 kN/m

Variable line loads of short term action (kN/m) on beam


Imposed Qki= 0.40x0.400= 0.160 kN/m
Snow load Qk1= 0.133 kN/m
Wind load Qk2= 0.093 kN/m

Design load combinations


(g=1.35, q=1.50, o( Live Qf)=0.70, o( Snow Q1)=0.70, o( Wind Q2)=0.60)
L.C. Actions Permanent-Variable Duration class
1 g.Gk Permanent
2 g.Gk+q.Qk1 Short-term
3 g.Gk+q.Qk2 Short-term
4 g.Gk+q.Qki Short-term
5 g.Gk+q.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term
6 g.Gk+q.Qk2+q.o.Qk1 Short-term
7 g.Gk+q.Qki+q.o.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 7

7. Beam static analysis

The roof structure is a continuous beam.


The internal forces are computed for separate loadings conditions
(permanent-live-snow-wind) and then from their combinations the
internal forces for the unfavourable load combinations are computed.
Number of nodes = 4, number of elements =3, supports 3

7.1. Internal forces for applied loads

Internal forces, Loading: ( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.311, Gk2 = 0.120 [kN/m]
Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.04 0.05 0.00 0.35 -0.50 -0.36 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 3 2 -0.48 0.68 -0.36 0.38 -0.55 -0.13 0.00 0.00 0.30
3 2 4 -0.21 0.30 -0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

Internal forces, Loading: (Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.133 [kN/m]


Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.01 0.01 0.00 0.09 -0.13 -0.09 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 3 2 -0.12 0.17 -0.09 0.10 -0.14 -0.03 0.00 0.00 0.08
3 2 4 -0.05 0.08 -0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

Internal forces, Loading: (Qk2) Wind Qkw = 0.093 [kN/m]


Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 0.38 0.01 0.00 0.38 -0.13 -0.09 0.38 0.00 0.00
2 3 2 0.16 0.18 -0.09 0.16 -0.15 -0.03 0.16 0.00 0.08
3 2 4 0.00 0.08 -0.03 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

Internal forces, Loading: (Qki) Imposed (H) Qi = 0.160 [kN/m]


Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.01 0.02 0.00 0.13 -0.19 -0.13 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 3 2 -0.18 0.25 -0.13 0.14 -0.20 -0.05 0.00 0.00 0.11
3 2 4 -0.08 0.11 -0.05 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

7.2. Vertical nodal displacements (mm)


Node Gk Qk1 Qk2 Qki
1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
4 1.46 0.37 0.39 0.54
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 8

7.3. Support reactions (kN)


Node React. Gk Qk1 Qk2 Qki
1 Fx 0.00 0.00 -0.32 0.00
1 Fy 0.06 0.02 -0.21 0.02
2 Fx 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 Fy 1.04 0.26 0.27 0.39
3 Fx 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 Fy 1.45 0.37 0.38 0.54
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 9

8. Serviceability limit state

8.1. Serviceability limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7)


Control of deflection at node 4 (EC5 7.2)

Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action 0 1 2 Kdef


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.311, Gk2 = 0.120 1.463 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.133 0.371 Short-term 0.70 0.50 0.20 0.00
(Qk2) Wind Qkw = 0.093 0.387 Short-term 0.60 0.20 0.00 0.00

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 1.463 2.340
2 Gk + Qk1 1.834 2.756
3 Gk + Qk2 1.849 2.727
4 Gk + Qk1 + o.Qk2 2.065 2.988
5 Gk + Qk2 + o.Qk1 2.109 3.031

w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef) (EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4)

Maximum deflection values at node 4


w.inst = 2.109 mm, w.fin = 3.031 mm

Check according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2


Final deflections at node 4
w.inst = 2.109 mm < L/150=855/150= 5.698 mm
w.net,fin = 3.031 mm < L/125=855/125= 6.837 mm
w.fin = 3.031 mm < L/75=855/75= 11.395 mm
The check is satisfied
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 10

8.2. Serviceability limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7)


Control of deflection in middle of element 2 (EC5 7.2)

Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action 0 1 2 Kdef


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.311, Gk2 = 0.120 2.489 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.133 0.770 Short-term 0.70 0.50 0.20 0.00
(Qk2) Wind Qkw = 0.093 0.000 Short-term 0.60 0.20 0.00 0.00

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 2.489 3.983
2 Gk + Qk1 3.260 4.846
3 Gk + Qk2 2.489 3.983
4 Gk + Qk1 + o.Qk2 3.260 4.846
5 Gk + Qk2 + o.Qk1 3.029 4.615

w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef) (EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4)

Maximum deflection values in middle of element 2


w.inst = 3.260 mm, w.fin = 4.846 mm

Check according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2


Final deflections in middle of element 2
w.inst = 3.260 mm < L/300=3479/300= 11.598 mm
w.net,fin = 4.846 mm < L/250=3479/250= 13.918 mm
w.fin = 4.846 mm < L/150=3479/150= 23.196 mm
The check is satisfied
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 11

9. Characteristic structural natural frequencies (self weight + permanent loads)

After a dynamic analysis the basic natural frequencies of the structure are computed.
For the computation of natural frequencies, we consider mass corresponding
to the self weight and the permanent loads.

No. Frequency[Hz] Period[sec]


1 8.41470 0.11884
2 22.03933 0.04537
3 42.22062 0.02369
4 47.85933 0.02089
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 12

9.1. Ultimate limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)


Rafter, elements: 1

Loading [kN/m] Action g q o


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.311, Gk2 = 0.120 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.133 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.70
(Qk2) Wind Qkw = 0.093 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.60
(Qki) Imposed (H) Qi = 0.160 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.00

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod -N/Kmod +N/Kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod
1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 -0.081 0.795 1.135 0.803
2 g.Gk+q.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 -0.069 0.680 0.970 0.686
3 g.Gk+q.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 0.000 1.158 0.979 0.693
4 g.Gk+q.Qki Short-term 0.90 -0.076 0.749 1.069 0.757
5 g.Gk+q.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 0.000 1.056 1.103 0.781
6 g.Gk+q.Qk2+q.o.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 0.000 1.263 1.128 0.798
7 g.Gk+q.Qki+q.o.Qk1+q.o.Qk4 Short-term 0.90 0.000 1.231 1.352 0.957
Maximum values -0.081 1.263 1.352 0.957

9.2. Check of cross section Rafter, elements: 1

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 6


Tension parallel to the grain, Ft0d=1.137 kN (EC5 6.1.2)
Rectangular cross section, b=50 mm, h=150 mm, A= 7 500 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Ft0d=1.137 kN, t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x1.137/7500=0.15N/mm < 6.92N/mm=ft0d (Eq.6.1)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 1


Compression parallel to the grain, Fc0d=-0.048 kN (EC5 6.1.4)
Rectangular cross section, b=50 mm, h=150 mm, A= 7 500 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.60 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.60x17.00/1.30=7.85N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fc0d=-0.048 kN, c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.048/7500=0.01N/mm < 7.85N/mm=fc0d (Eq.6.2)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 7


Shear, Fv=1.216 kN (EC5 6.1.7)
Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=150 mm, A= 5 100 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.90x1.80/1.30=1.25N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=1.216 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x1.216/5100=0.36N/mm < 1.25N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 7


Bending, Myd=0.861 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 13

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.415+0.000= 0.41 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.290+0.000= 0.29 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Negligible compressive stress, combined bending-compression check is omitted (EC5 6.2.4)

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 1


Column stability with bending, Fc0d=-0.048kN, Myd=0.482kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.3.2)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.60 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3, E005=5400MPa)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.60x17.00/1.30=7.85N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.60x16.00/1.30=7.38N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.60x16.00/1.30=7.38N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.048/7500= 0.01 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.482/1.875E+005= 2.57 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x1.575=1.575 m= 1575 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.19x1.575=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/1.58=0.19)

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 1575/ 43= 36.63
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43

Critical stresses
c,crity=E005/y= 39.72 N/mm, rel,y= (fc0k/c,crity)= 0.65 (EC5 Eq.6.21)
c,critz=E005/z= 116.05 N/mm, rel,z= (fc0k/c,critz)= 0.38 (EC5 Eq.6.22)

c=0.20 (solid timber)


ky=0.5[1+c(rely-0.3)+rely]= 0.75, Kcy=1/(ky+ (ky-rely))=0.897 (Eq.6.27 6.25)
kz=0.5[1+c(relz-0.3)+relz]= 0.58, Kcz=1/(kz+ (kz-relz))=0.981 (Eq.6.28 6.26)

c0d/(Kcyfc0d)+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.001+0.348+0.000= 0.35 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.23)


c0d/(Kczfc0d)+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.001+0.244+0.000= 0.24 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.24)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 7


Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=0.861 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x1.575=1.575 m= 1575 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.19x1.575=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/1.58=0.19)

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 1575/ 43= 36.63
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 14

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(150x1418)= 49.52N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x150x 5400/(50x300)=6318.00N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 49.52 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 0.57 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz= 6318.00 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.05 (EC5 Eq.6.30)

rel,my=0.57, (rel<=0.75), Kcrity=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.05, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.415+0.000= 0.41 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.290+0.000= 0.29 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 6


Combined bending and axial tension, Ft0d=1.137kN, Myd=0.719kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.2.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x1.137/7500= 0.15 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.719/1.875E+005= 3.83 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

t0d/ft0d+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.022+0.346+0.000= 0.37 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.17)


t0d/ft0d+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.022+0.242+0.000= 0.26 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.18)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1 , Load combination No 7


Combined bending and axial tension, Ft0d=1.108kN, Myd=0.861kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.2.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x1.108/7500= 0.15 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

t0d/ft0d+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.021+0.415+0.000= 0.44 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.17)


t0d/ft0d+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.021+0.290+0.000= 0.31 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.18)
The check is satisfied
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 15

9.3. Ultimate limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)


Rafter, elements: 2

Loading [kN/m] Action g q o


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.311, Gk2 = 0.120 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.133 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.70
(Qk2) Wind Qkw = 0.093 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.60
(Qki) Imposed (H) Qi = 0.160 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.00

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod -N/Kmod +N/Kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod
1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 -1.070 0.864 1.528 0.803
2 g.Gk+q.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 -0.915 0.738 1.306 0.686
3 g.Gk+q.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 -0.451 0.838 1.318 0.693
4 g.Gk+q.Qki Short-term 0.90 -1.008 0.813 1.440 0.757
5 g.Gk+q.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 -0.757 0.895 1.486 0.781
6 g.Gk+q.Qk2+q.o.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 -0.592 0.952 1.519 0.798
7 g.Gk+q.Qki+q.o.Qk1+q.o.Qk4 Short-term 0.90 -0.991 1.084 1.820 0.957
Maximum values -1.070 1.084 1.820 0.957

9.4. Check of cross section Rafter, elements: 2

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Tension parallel to the grain, Ft0d=0.976 kN (EC5 6.1.2)
Rectangular cross section, b=50 mm, h=150 mm, A= 7 500 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Ft0d=0.976 kN, t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x0.976/7500=0.13N/mm < 6.92N/mm=ft0d (Eq.6.1)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 1


Compression parallel to the grain, Fc0d=-0.642 kN (EC5 6.1.4)
Rectangular cross section, b=50 mm, h=150 mm, A= 7 500 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.60 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.60x17.00/1.30=7.85N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fc0d=-0.642 kN, c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.642/7500=0.09N/mm < 7.85N/mm=fc0d (Eq.6.2)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Shear, Fv=1.638 kN (EC5 6.1.7)
Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=150 mm, A= 5 100 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.90x1.80/1.30=1.25N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=1.638 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x1.638/5100=0.48N/mm < 1.25N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Bending, Myd=0.861 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 16

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.415+0.000= 0.41 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.290+0.000= 0.29 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Negligible compressive stress, combined bending-compression check is omitted (EC5 6.2.4)

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 1


Column stability with bending, Fc0d=-0.642kN, Myd=0.482kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.3.2)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.60 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3, E005=5400MPa)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.60x17.00/1.30=7.85N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.60x16.00/1.30=7.38N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.60x16.00/1.30=7.38N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.642/7500= 0.09 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.482/1.875E+005= 2.57 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x3.479=3.479 m= 3479 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.09x3.479=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/3.48=0.09)

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 3479/ 43= 80.92
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43

Critical stresses
c,crity=E005/y= 8.14 N/mm, rel,y= (fc0k/c,crity)= 1.45 (EC5 Eq.6.21)
c,critz=E005/z= 116.05 N/mm, rel,z= (fc0k/c,critz)= 0.38 (EC5 Eq.6.22)

c=0.20 (solid timber)


ky=0.5[1+c(rely-0.3)+rely]= 1.66, Kcy=1/(ky+ (ky-rely))=0.404 (Eq.6.27 6.25)
kz=0.5[1+c(relz-0.3)+relz]= 0.58, Kcz=1/(kz+ (kz-relz))=0.981 (Eq.6.28 6.26)

c0d/(Kcyfc0d)+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.027+0.348+0.000= 0.38 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.23)


c0d/(Kczfc0d)+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.011+0.244+0.000= 0.25 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.24)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Column stability with bending, Fc0d=-0.892kN, Myd=0.861kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.3.2)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3, E005=5400MPa)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.892/7500= 0.12 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x3.479=3.479 m= 3479 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.09x3.479=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/3.48=0.09)
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 17

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 3479/ 43= 80.92
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43

Critical stresses
c,crity=E005/y= 8.14 N/mm, rel,y= (fc0k/c,crity)= 1.45 (EC5 Eq.6.21)
c,critz=E005/z= 116.05 N/mm, rel,z= (fc0k/c,critz)= 0.38 (EC5 Eq.6.22)

c=0.20 (solid timber)


ky=0.5[1+c(rely-0.3)+rely]= 1.66, Kcy=1/(ky+ (ky-rely))=0.404 (Eq.6.27 6.25)
kz=0.5[1+c(relz-0.3)+relz]= 0.58, Kcz=1/(kz+ (kz-relz))=0.981 (Eq.6.28 6.26)

c0d/(Kcyfc0d)+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.025+0.415+0.000= 0.44 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.23)


c0d/(Kczfc0d)+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.010+0.290+0.000= 0.30 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.24)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=0.861 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x3.479=3.479 m= 3479 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.09x3.479=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/3.48=0.09)

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 3479/ 43= 80.92
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(150x3131)= 22.42N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x150x 5400/(50x300)=6318.00N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 22.42 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 0.84 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz= 6318.00 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.05 (EC5 Eq.6.30)

rel,my=0.84, (0.75<rel<=1.40, Kcrit=1.56-0.75relm), Kcrity=0.93 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.05, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.447+0.000= 0.45 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.313+0.000= 0.31 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Combined bending and axial tension, Ft0d=0.976kN, Myd=0.861kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.2.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 18

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x0.976/7500= 0.13 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

t0d/ft0d+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.019+0.415+0.000= 0.43 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.17)


t0d/ft0d+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.019+0.290+0.000= 0.31 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.18)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 2 , Load combination No 7


Combined bending and axial tension, Ft0d=0.976kN, Myd=0.861kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.2.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x0.976/7500= 0.13 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.861/1.875E+005= 4.59 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

t0d/ft0d+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.019+0.415+0.000= 0.43 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.17)


t0d/ft0d+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.019+0.290+0.000= 0.31 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.18)
The check is satisfied
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 19

9.5. Ultimate limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)


Rafter, elements: 3

Loading [kN/m] Action g q o


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.311, Gk2 = 0.120 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.133 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.70
(Qk2) Wind Qkw = 0.093 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.60
(Qki) Imposed (H) Qi = 0.160 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.00

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod -N/Kmod +N/Kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod
1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 -0.475 0.000 0.678 0.290
2 g.Gk+q.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 -0.406 0.000 0.580 0.248
3 g.Gk+q.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 -0.317 0.000 0.452 0.193
4 g.Gk+q.Qki Short-term 0.90 -0.447 0.000 0.639 0.273
5 g.Gk+q.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term 0.90 -0.406 0.000 0.580 0.248
6 g.Gk+q.Qk2+q.o.Qk1 Short-term 0.90 -0.379 0.000 0.541 0.231
7 g.Gk+q.Qki+q.o.Qk1+q.o.Qk4 Short-term 0.90 -0.510 0.000 0.728 0.311
Maximum values -0.510 0.000 0.728 0.311

9.6. Check of cross section Rafter, elements: 3

Rafter, elements: 3 , Load combination No 7


Compression parallel to the grain, Fc0d=-0.459 kN (EC5 6.1.4)
Rectangular cross section, b=50 mm, h=150 mm, A= 7 500 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fc0d=-0.459 kN, c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.459/7500=0.06N/mm < 11.77N/mm=fc0d (Eq.6.2)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 3 , Load combination No 7


Shear, Fv=0.655 kN (EC5 6.1.7)
Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=150 mm, A= 5 100 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.90x1.80/1.30=1.25N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=0.655 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x0.655/5100=0.19N/mm < 1.25N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 3 , Load combination No 7


Bending, Myd=0.280 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.280/1.875E+005= 1.49 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.135+0.000= 0.13 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.094+0.000= 0.09 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Negligible compressive stress, combined bending-compression check is omitted (EC5 6.2.4)


Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 20

Rafter, elements: 3 , Load combination No 7


Column stability with bending, Fc0d=-0.459kN, Myd=0.280kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm (EC5 6.3.2)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3, E005=5400MPa)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.459/7500= 0.06 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.280/1.875E+005= 1.49 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x1.709=1.709 m= 1709 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.18x1.709=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/1.71=0.18)

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 1709/ 43= 39.74
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43

Critical stresses
c,crity=E005/y= 33.75 N/mm, rel,y= (fc0k/c,crity)= 0.71 (EC5 Eq.6.21)
c,critz=E005/z= 116.05 N/mm, rel,z= (fc0k/c,critz)= 0.38 (EC5 Eq.6.22)

c=0.20 (solid timber)


ky=0.5[1+c(rely-0.3)+rely]= 0.79, Kcy=1/(ky+ (ky-rely))=0.872 (Eq.6.27 6.25)
kz=0.5[1+c(relz-0.3)+relz]= 0.58, Kcz=1/(kz+ (kz-relz))=0.981 (Eq.6.28 6.26)

c0d/(Kcyfc0d)+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.006+0.135+0.000= 0.14 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.23)


c0d/(Kczfc0d)+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.005+0.094+0.000= 0.10 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.24)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 3 , Load combination No 7


Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=0.280 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.90 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.280/1.875E+005= 1.49 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x1.709=1.709 m= 1709 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.18x1.709=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/1.71=0.18)

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 1709/ 43= 39.74
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(150x1538)= 45.64N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x150x 5400/(50x300)=6318.00N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 45.64 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 0.59 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz= 6318.00 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.05 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
Project 26KELVIN AVENUE Pg. 21

rel,my=0.59, (rel<=0.75), Kcrity=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.05, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.135+0.000= 0.13 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.094+0.000= 0.09 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied
Pg. 1 26KELVIN AVENUE

1. NEW PITCH ROOF-2


Monopitch roof
2. General description, assumptions, materials, loads

2.1. Construction type


Timber roof, from beams with timber C16. The roof type as sketch above.
Span 4.100 m, height 0.576 m, roof pitch 8.00, beam spacing 0.600m
Purlins from timber C24, with dimensions 50x50 mm, in spacing 0.300 m
Elements , Cross section 50x210 [mm]
Beam volume =0.043 m, beam weight =0.132 kN

2.2. Design codes


EN1990:2002, Eurocode 0 Part 1-1, Basis of structural design
EN1991-1-1:2002, Eurocode 1 Part 1-1, Actions on structures
EN1991-1-3:2003, Eurocode 1 Part 1-3, Snow loads
EN1991-1-4:2005, Eurocode 1 Part 1-4, Wind actions
EN1995-1-1:2009, Eurocode 5 Part 1-1, Design of timber structures

2.3. Design methodology


All the load combinations according to Eurocode 1 and Eurocode 5 are taken into account,
and the checks are performed in the most unfavourable loading conditions, for combined action,
in ultimate limit state, according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6. The connections are designed
as bolted connections with metal plates according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 8.
The deflections are checked in serviceability limit condition,
according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.

(EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 3) 2.4. Material properties (beam)


Timber class : C16
Service classes : Class 1, moisture content<=12% (EC5 2.3.1.3)
(EC5 Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 Material factor
Characteristic material properties for timber
fmk = 16.0 MPa, ft0k = 10.0 MPa, ft90k= 0.3 MPa
fc0k= 17.0 MPa, fc90k= 4.6 MPa, fvk = 1.8 MPa
E0m = 8000 MPa, E005 = 5400 MPa, E90m = 270 MPa
Gm = 500 MPa, k = 310 Kg/m

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(EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 3) 2.5. Material properties (timber, purlins)


Timber class : C24
Service classes : Class 1, moisture content<=12% (EC5 2.3.1.3)
(EC5 Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 Material factor
Characteristic material properties for timber
fmk = 24.0 MPa, ft0k = 14.0 MPa, ft90k= 0.4 MPa
fc0k= 21.0 MPa, fc90k= 5.3 MPa, fvk = 2.5 MPa
E0m =11000 MPa, E005 = 7400 MPa, E90m = 370 MPa
Gm = 690 MPa, k = 350 Kg/m

2.6. Distributed roof loads


(Tiles from clay) Ge= 0.450 kN/m Permanent load of roof covering
Gt= 0.100 kN/m Ge+Gt= 0.550 kN/m Purlins, finishing, insulation
Gc= 0.300 kN/m Load of ceiling under the roof
Sk= 0.500 kN/m Snow load on the ground
Qw= 0.500 kN/m Wind pressure on vertical surface
Qi= 0.400 kN/m Imposed load (category H)

(EC1 EN1991-1-3:2003, 5,) 3. Snow load

Characteristic value of snow load on the ground: sk=0.500 kN/m

(EC1 EN1991-1-3:2003, 5,) Snow load on the roof


a=7.997 Angle of pitch of roof :

Exposure coefficient : Ce=1.000 (EC1-1-3 5.2(7))


Thermal coefficient : Ct=1.000 (EC1-1-3 5.2(8))
=8.00, 1=0.800 (Table 5.2) Shape coefficients,

(EC1 EN1991-1-3:2003, 5,.2(5.1), 5.3.2) Snow load


S1=1.CeCtSk=0.800x1.000x1.000x0.500=0.400 kN/m

(EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005 5) 4. Wind loading

(EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005 4.5) Q(z)=QrefCe(z), Qref=Vref/1.6 Pick velocity pressure


Qref.Ce(z)= 0.500 kN/m Wind pressure on vertical surface

(EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005, 5.2) Wind pressure on roof we=QrefCe(z).Cpe


External pressure coefficients (EC1 EN1991-1-4:2005 Table 7.4)
=8.00, Cpe=-0.51 For pitch angle
we=-0.255 kN/m Wind pressure

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5. Design of purlins
Structural system for purlins
The purlins are designed as simply supported beams with span length L=0.600m the distance
between the beams. They are loaded with a surface load of width L1=0.300m (purlin spacing).
with the vertical. The vertical loads (self weight, =8.00 The purlin axis has inclination
P.cos, snow, concentrated load) are decomposed in two components in the directions z-z
the wind load acts in the z-z direction. P.sin, and y-y

Dimensions of purlins
Timber of purlins: C24, Class 1, moisture content<=12%, cross section of purlins BxH:50x50mm
, Spacing of beams L= 0.600m = 8.00 Spacing of purlins L= 0.300m, roof pitch

kN/m Uniform loading of purlins


Ge= 0.450 kN/m Roof covering
G1= 0.100 kN/m Finishing+self weight
Qs= 0.400 kN/m Snow load
Qw=-0.255 kN/m Wind load
Qp= 1.000 kN Concentrated load

Line loading of purlins (kN/m) in z-z and y-y


Roof covering+self weight Gk = 0.165 kN/m, Gkz = 0.163 kN/m, Gkez= 0.023 kN/m
Snow load Qks= 0.120 kN/m, Qksz= 0.119 kN/m, Qksz= 0.017 kN/m
Wind load Qkw=-0.077 kN/m, Qkwz=-0.077 kN/m, Qkwy= 0.000 kN/m
Concentrated load Qkp= 1.000 kN, Qkpz= 0.990 kN, Qkpz= 0.139 kN

Internal forces of purlins (span L=0.600 m, BxH: 50x50 mm)


g q o Qz[kN] Qy[kN] My[kNm] Mz[kNm] Loading Action
(Gk) Permanent Gk =0.165[kN/m] Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00 0.049 0.007 0.007 0.001
(Qk1) Snow Qks=0.120[kN/m] Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.70 0.036 0.005 0.005 0.001
(Qk2) Wind Qkw=-0.077[kN/m] Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.60 -0.023 0.000 -0.003 0.000
(Qk3) ConcentratedQkp=1.000[kN] Instantaneous 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.495 0.070 0.149 0.021

(EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7) 5.1. Serviceability limit state


(EC5 7.2) Control of deflection

0 1 2 Kdef Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action


(Gk) Permanent Gk =0.163[kN/m] 0.020 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qk1) Snow Qks=0.119[kN/m] 0.015 Short-term 0.70 0.50 0.20 0.60
(Qk2) Wind Qkw=-0.077[kN/m] -0.009 Short-term 0.60 0.20 0.00 0.60

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 0.020 0.032
2 Gk + Qk1 0.035 0.048
3 Gk + Qk2 0.020 0.032
4 Gk + Qk1 + o.Qk2 0.035 0.048
5 Gk + Qk2 + o.Qk1 0.030 0.044

(EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4) w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef)

Maximum deflection values


w.inst = 0.035 mm, w.fin = 0.048 mm

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EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2 Check according to


Final deflections
w.inst = 0.035 mm < L/300=600/300= 2.000 mm
w.net,fin = 0.048 mm < L/250=600/250= 2.400 mm
w.fin = 0.048 mm < L/150=600/150= 4.000 mm
The check is satisfied

(EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6) 5.2. Check of purlins, Ultimate limit state of design

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod Qz/Kmod Qy/Kmod My/Kmod Mz/Kmod
Permanent 0.60 0.110 0.015 0.017 0.002 1 g.Gk
Short-term 0.90 0.133 0.019 0.020 0.003 2 g.Gk + q.Qk1
Short-term 0.90 0.074 0.010 0.011 0.002 3 g.Gk + q.Qk2
Instantaneous 1.10 0.510 0.072 0.144 0.020 4 g.Gk + q.Qk3
Short-term 0.90 0.133 0.019 0.020 0.003 5 g.Gk + q.Qk1 + q.o.Qk2
Short-term 0.90 0.115 0.016 0.017 0.002 6 g.Gk + q.Qk2 + q.o.Qk1
Maximum values 0.510 0.072 0.144 0.020

Purlin, Load combination No 4


(EC5 6.1.7) Shear, Fv=0.561 kN
bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=50 mm, A= 1 700 mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=1.10
fvk=2.50 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=1.10x2.50/1.30=2.12N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
(Eq.6.13) Fv=0.561 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x0.561/1700=0.50N/mm < 2.12N/mm=fv0d
The check is satisfied

Purlin, Load combination No 4


(EC5 6.1.7) Shear, Fv=0.079 kN
bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=50 mm, A= 1 700 mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=1.10
fvk=2.50 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=1.10x2.50/1.30=2.12N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
(Eq.6.13) Fv=0.079 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x0.079/1700=0.07N/mm < 2.12N/mm=fv0d
The check is satisfied

Purlin, Load combination No 4


(EC5 6.1.6) Bending, Myd=0.158 kNm, Mzd=0.022 kNm
b=50mm, h=50mm, A=2.500E+003mm, Wy=2.083E+004mm, Wz=2.083E+004mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=1.10
fmyk=24.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=1.10x24.00/1.30=20.31N/mm
fmzk=24.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=1.10x24.00/1.30=20.31N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.158/2.083E+004= 7.61 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.022/2.083E+004= 1.07 N/mm

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.375+0.037= 0.41 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.262+0.053= 0.31 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Purlin, Load combination No 4


(EC5 6.3.3) Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=0.158 kNm, Mzd=0.022 kNm
b=50mm, h=50mm, A=2.500E+003mm, Wy=2.083E+004mm, Wz=2.083E+004mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=1.10
fc0k=21.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=1.10x21.00/1.30=17.77N/mm
fmyk=24.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=1.10x24.00/1.30=20.31N/mm
fmzk=24.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=1.10x24.00/1.30=20.31N/mm
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Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.158/2.083E+004= 7.61 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.022/2.083E+004= 1.07 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x0.600=0.600 m= 600 mm
Skz= 1.00x0.600=0.600 m= 600 mm

Slenderness
(Iy/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, y= 600/ 14= 42.86 iy=
(Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 600/ 14= 42.86 iz=

(EC5 Eq.6.32) m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 7400/(50x600)= 481.00N/mm


(EC5 Eq.6.32) m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 7400/(50x600)= 481.00N/mm
Critical stresses
(fmyk/m,crity)= 0.22 (EC5 Eq.6.30) m,crity= 481.00 N/mm, rel,my=
(fmzk/m,critz)= 0.22 (EC5 Eq.6.30) m,critz= 481.00 N/mm, rel,mz=

rel,my=0.22, (rel<=0.75), Kcrity=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.22, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.375+0.037= 0.41 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.262+0.053= 0.31 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied

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6. Beam design

Beam geometric characteristics

Length L=4.100 m, height H=0.576 m, beam spacing d=0.600 m


=8.00 , tan=0.140, sin=0.139, cos=0.990 Pitch =14.05%, angle
Number of nodes = 3, number of elements =2, supports 2

Nodal coordinates Beam element properties


Wy[mm] Iy[mm4] A[mm] Node x[m] y[m] Sup. Element K1 K2 bxh[mm] L[m]
1 0.000 0.000 11 1 1 3 50x210 2.070 1.050E+004 3.859E+007 3.675E+005
2 4.100 0.576 01 2 3 2 50x210 2.070 1.050E+004 3.859E+007 3.675E+005
3 2.050 0.288

Line loads per beam


beam self weight =0.132 kN =310.00 kg/m3, Timber density
Beam spacing d=0.60 m, weight of beam connections =0.013 kN

Permanent line loads (kN/m) on beam


Roof covering+self weight Gk1= 0.365 kN/m
Ceiling under roof Gk2= 0.180 kN/m

Variable line loads of short term action (kN/m) on beam


Imposed Qki= 0.40x0.600= 0.240 kN/m
Snow load Qk1= 0.240 kN/m
Wind load Qk2=-0.153 kN/m

Design load combinations


Q2)=0.60) Wind Q1)=0.70, o( Snow Qf)=0.70, o( Live (g=1.35, q=1.50, o(
L.C. Actions Permanent-Variable Duration class
1 g.Gk Permanent
2 g.Gk+q.Qk1 Short-term
3 g.Gk+q.Qk2 Short-term
4 g.Gk+q.Qki Short-term
5 g.Gk+q.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term
6 g.Gk+q.Qk2+q.o.Qk1 Short-term
7 g.Gk+q.Qki+q.o.Qk1+q.o.Qk2 Short-term

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7. Beam static analysis

The roof structure is a continuous beam.


The internal forces are computed for separate loadings conditions
(permanent-live-snow-wind) and then from their combinations the
internal forces for the unfavourable load combinations are computed.
Number of nodes = 3, number of elements =2, supports 2

7.1. Internal forces for applied loads

Internal forces, Loading: ( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.365, Gk2 = 0.180 [kN/m]
Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.16 1.12 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.16 0.00 0.00 1.16
2 3 2 0.00 0.00 1.16 0.16 -1.12 0.00 0.00 0.00 1.16

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

Internal forces, Loading: (Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.240 [kN/m]


Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.07 0.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.00 0.00 0.50
2 3 2 0.00 0.00 0.50 0.07 -0.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.50

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

Internal forces, Loading: (Qk2) Wind Qkw =-0.153 [kN/m]


Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.04 -0.32 0.00 -0.04 0.00 -0.33 -0.04 0.00 -0.33
2 3 2 -0.04 0.00 -0.33 -0.04 0.32 0.00 -0.04 0.00 -0.33

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

Internal forces, Loading: (Qki) Imposed (H) Qi = 0.240 [kN/m]


Elem. Node-1 Node-2 N1[kN] V1[kN] M1[kNm] N2[kN] V2[kN] M2[kNm] Nm[kN] Vm[kN] Mm[kNm]
1 1 3 -0.07 0.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.51
2 3 2 0.00 0.00 0.51 0.07 -0.49 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.51

(m point of maximum span moment for permanent load, or element middle point)

7.2. Vertical nodal displacements (mm)


Node Gk Qk1 Qk2 Qki
1 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3 -6.63 -2.89 1.88 -2.92

7.3. Support reactions (kN)


Node React. Gk Qk1 Qk2 Qki
1 Fx 0.00 0.00 0.09 0.00
1 Fy 1.13 0.49 -0.31 0.50
2 Fx 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
2 Fy 1.13 0.49 -0.32 0.50

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8. Serviceability limit state

(EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7) 8.1. Serviceability limit state


(EC5 7.2) Control of deflection at node 3

0 1 2 Kdef Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.365, Gk2 = 0.180 -6.695 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.240 -2.917 Short-term 0.70 0.50 0.20 0.00
(Qk2) Wind Qkw =-0.153 1.897 Short-term 0.60 0.20 0.00 0.00

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 6.695 10.712
2 Gk + Qk1 9.612 13.979
3 Gk + Qk2 6.695 10.712
4 Gk + Qk1 + o.Qk2 9.612 13.979
5 Gk + Qk2 + o.Qk1 8.737 13.104

(EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4) w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef)

Maximum deflection values at node 3


w.inst = 9.612 mm, w.fin = 13.979 mm

EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2 Check according to


Final deflections at node 3
w.inst = 9.612 mm < L/300=4140/300= 13.801 mm
w.net,fin = 13.979 mm < L/250=4140/250= 16.561 mm
w.fin = 13.979 mm < L/150=4140/150= 27.602 mm
The check is satisfied

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9. Characteristic structural natural frequencies (self weight + permanent loads)

After a dynamic analysis the basic natural frequencies of the structure are computed.
For the computation of natural frequencies, we consider mass corresponding
to the self weight and the permanent loads.

No. Frequency[Hz] Period[sec]


1 8.49489 0.11772
2 29.45588 0.03395
3 57.84071 0.01729
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(EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6) 9.1. Ultimate limit state


Rafter, elements: 1, 2

g q o Loading [kN/m] Action


( Gk) Dead Gk1 = 0.365, Gk2 = 0.180 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qk1) Snow Qks = 0.240 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.70
(Qk2) Wind Qkw =-0.153 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.60
(Qki) Imposed (H) Qi = 0.240 Short-term 0.00 1.50 0.00

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod -N/Kmod +N/Kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod
Permanent 0.60 -0.353 0.353 2.516 2.604 1 g.Gk
Short-term 0.90 -0.350 0.350 2.489 2.577 2 g.Gk+q.Qk1
Short-term 0.90 -0.236 0.236 1.677 1.736 3 g.Gk+q.Qk2
Short-term 0.90 -0.351 0.351 2.497 2.585 4 g.Gk+q.Qki
Short-term 0.90 -0.350 0.350 2.489 2.577 5 g.Gk+q.Qk1+q.o.Qk2
Short-term 0.90 -0.316 0.315 2.246 2.324 6 g.Gk+q.Qk2+q.o.Qk1
Short-term 0.90 -0.431 0.431 3.066 3.173 7 g.Gk+q.Qki+q.o.Qk1+q.o.Qk4
Maximum values -0.431 0.431 3.066 3.173

9.2. Check of cross section Rafter, elements: 1, 2

Rafter, elements: 1, 2 , Load combination No 7


(EC5 6.1.2) Tension parallel to the grain, Ft0d=0.388 kN
b=50 mm, h=210 mm, A= 10 500 mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=0.90
ft0k=10.00 N/mm, ft0d=Kmodft0k/M=0.90x10.00/1.30=6.92N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
(Eq.6.1) Ft0d=0.388 kN, t0d=Ft0d/Anetto=1000x0.388/10500=0.04N/mm < 6.92N/mm=ft0d
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1, 2 , Load combination No 7


(EC5 6.1.4) Compression parallel to the grain, Fc0d=-0.388 kN
b=50 mm, h=210 mm, A= 10 500 mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=0.90
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
(Eq.6.2) Fc0d=-0.388 kN, c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.388/10500=0.04N/mm < 11.77N/mm=fc0d
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1, 2 , Load combination No 7


(EC5 6.1.7) Shear, Fv=2.759 kN
bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=210 mm, A= 7 140 mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=0.90
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.90x1.80/1.30=1.25N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
(Eq.6.13) Fv=2.759 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x2.759/7140=0.58N/mm < 1.25N/mm=fv0d
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1, 2 , Load combination No 7


(EC5 6.1.6) Bending, Myd=2.856 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm
b=50mm, h=210mm, A=1.050E+004mm, Wy=3.675E+005mm, Wz=8.750E+004mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=0.90
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x2.856/3.675E+005= 7.77 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/8.750E+004= 0.00 N/mm
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myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.702+0.000= 0.70 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.491+0.000= 0.49 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1, 2 , Load combination No 7


(EC5 6.3.2) Column stability with bending, Fc0d=-0.388kN, Myd=2.856kNm, Mzd=0.000kNm
b=50mm, h=210mm, A=1.050E+004mm, Wy=3.675E+005mm, Wz=8.750E+004mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3, E005=5400MPa) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=0.90
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


c0d=Fc0d/Anetto=1000x0.388/10500= 0.04 N/mm
myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x2.856/3.675E+005= 7.77 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/8.750E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x4.140=4.140 m= 4140 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.07x4.140=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/4.14=0.07)

Slenderness
(Iy/A)=0.289x 210= 61 mm, y= 4140/ 61= 67.87 iy=
(Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43 iz=

Critical stresses
(fc0k/c,crity)= 1.21 (EC5 Eq.6.21) c,crity=E005/y= 11.57 N/mm, rel,y=
(fc0k/c,critz)= 0.38 (EC5 Eq.6.22) c,critz=E005/z= 116.05 N/mm, rel,z=

(solid timber) c=0.20


(ky-rely))=0.537 (Eq.6.27 6.25) ky=0.5[1+c(rely-0.3)+rely]= 1.33, Kcy=1/(ky+
(kz-relz))=0.981 (Eq.6.28 6.26) kz=0.5[1+c(relz-0.3)+relz]= 0.58, Kcz=1/(kz+

c0d/(Kcyfc0d)+myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.006+0.702+0.000= 0.71 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.23)


c0d/(Kczfc0d)+Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.003+0.491+0.000= 0.49 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.24)
The check is satisfied

Rafter, elements: 1, 2 , Load combination No 7


(EC5 6.3.3) Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=2.856 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm
b=50mm, h=210mm, A=1.050E+004mm, Wy=3.675E+005mm, Wz=8.750E+004mm Rectangular cross section,
(Tab. 2.3) M=1.30 (Tab.3.1), Material factor Modification factor Kmod=0.90
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.90x17.00/1.30=11.77N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.90x16.00/1.30=11.08N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x2.856/3.675E+005= 7.77 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/8.750E+004= 0.00 N/mm

Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x4.140=4.140 m= 4140 mm (most unfavourable)
Skz= 0.07x4.140=0.300 m= 300 mm(effective length/total length=0.30/4.14=0.07)

Slenderness
(Iy/A)=0.289x 210= 61 mm, y= 4140/ 61= 67.87 iy=
(Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 300/ 14= 21.43 iz=

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(EC5 Eq.6.32) m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(210x3726)= 13.46N/mm


(EC5 Eq.6.32) m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x210x 5400/(50x300)=12383.28N/mm
Critical stresses
(fmyk/m,crity)= 1.09 (EC5 Eq.6.30) m,crity= 13.46 N/mm, rel,my=
(fmzk/m,critz)= 0.04 (EC5 Eq.6.30) m,critz=12383.28 N/mm, rel,mz=

rel,my=1.09, (0.75<rel<=1.40, Kcrit=1.56-0.75relm), Kcrity=0.74 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.04, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.945+0.000= 0.95 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.662+0.000= 0.66 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied
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1. floor

Simply supported beam

2. General description, assumptions, materials, loads

2.1. Construction type


Timber floor, from timber C16
Beam free span 2.015 m
Beam cross section BxH=50mmx150mm@400mm
2.2. Design codes
EN1990:2002 Basis of structural design
EN1991-1-1:2002 Actions on structures
EN1995-1-1:2009 Design of timber structures

2.3. Design methodology


The internal forces are computed at the ends and the middle span of the floor beam,
and the elastic deflections at midspan, for all the load combinations,
according to EC 1 an EC 5. All the checks of Eurocode 5 are performed in
ultimate limit state, (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6). The deflections are checked in serviceability
limit state, according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.2. The Eurocode 5 considerations
are taken into account for the check of beam vibrations (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.3.3).

2.4. Material properties (timber) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 3)


Timber class : C16
Service classes : Class 1, moisture content<=12% (EC5 2.3.1.3)
Material factor M=1.30 (EC5 Tab. 2.3)
Characteristic material properties for timber
fmk = 16.0 MPa, ft0k = 10.0 MPa, ft90k= 0.3 MPa
fc0k= 17.0 MPa, fc90k= 4.6 MPa, fvk = 1.8 MPa
E0m = 8000 MPa, E005 = 5400 MPa, E90m = 270 MPa
Gm = 500 MPa, k = 310 Kg/m

2.5. Cross section characteristics of floor beams


Cross section BxH=50mmx150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, I=1.406E+007mm4, W=1.875E+005mm

3. Maximum internal beam forces and deflections (L=2.015m)


Dead loads Gk= 0.240kN/m, maxV= 0.24kN, maxM= 0.12kNm, max= 0.50mm
Live loads Qk= 0.800kN/m, maxV= 0.81kN, maxM= 0.41kNm, max= 1.66mm

4. Serviceability limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 2.2.3, 7)

Control of deflection in middle of beam span (EC5 7.2)

Loading [kN/m] u[mm] Action 0 1 2 Kdef


( Gk) Dead Gk = 0.240 0.497 Permanent 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.60
(Qkf) Live Qk = 0.800 1.656 Medium-term 0.70 0.50 0.30 0.60

Load combination w.inst w.fin [mm]


1 Gk 0.497 0.795
2 Qk1 1.656 1.955
3 Gk+Qk1 2.153 2.750

w.fin,g=w.inst,g(1+kdef), w.fin,q=w.inst,q(1+2kdef) (EC5 2.2.3, Eq.2.3, Eq.2.4)


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Maximum deflection values


w.inst = 2.153 mm, w.fin = 2.750 mm

Check according to EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.2, Tab.7.2


Final deflections
w.inst = 2.153 mm < L/300=2015/300= 6.717 mm
w.net,fin = 2.750 mm < L/250=2015/250= 8.060 mm
w.fin = 2.750 mm < L/150=2015/150= 13.433 mm
The check is satisfied

5. Vibrations (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 7.3.3)


Basic floor natural frequency f=(3.14/2L) (EI/M) (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009 7.3.3)
L=2.015 m, E=8.000E+009 Nm/m, I=1.406E-005 m4, M=24.46 kg/m, f=26.23 Hz
f=26.23 Hz > 8 Hz. The basic natural frequency is acceptable

6. Ultimate limit state (EC5 EN1995-1-1:2009, 6)

Loading [kN/m] Action g q o


( Gk) Dead Gk = 0.240 Permanent 1.35 0.00 1.00
(Qkf) Live Qk = 0.800 Medium-term 0.00 1.50 0.70

L.C. Load combination Duration class kmod V/Kmod M/Kmod


1 g.Gk Permanent 0.60 0.544 0.274
2 g.Gk + q.Qkf Medium-term 0.80 1.919 0.967
Maximum values 1.919 0.967

Shear, Fv=1.535 kN (EC5 6.1.7)


Rectangular cross section, bef=0.67x50=34 mm, h=150 mm, A= 5 100 mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fvk=1.80 N/mm, fvd=Kmodfvk/M=0.80x1.80/1.30=1.11N/mm (EC5 Eq.2.14)
Fv=1.535 kN, v0d=1.50Fv0d/Anetto=1000x1.50x1.535/5100=0.45N/mm < 1.11N/mm=fv0d (Eq.6.13)
The check is satisfied

Bending, Myd=0.773 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.1.6)


Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.773/1.875E+005= 4.13 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm

myd/fmyd+Km.mzd/fmzd=0.419+0.000= 0.42 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.11)


Km.myd/fmyd+mzd/fmzd=0.293+0.000= 0.29 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.12)
The check is satisfied

Lateral torsional stability of beams, Myd=0.773 kNm, Mzd=0.000 kNm (EC5 6.3.3)
Rectangular cross section, b=50mm, h=150mm, A=7.500E+003mm, Wy=1.875E+005mm, Wz=6.250E+004mm
Modification factor Kmod=0.80 (Tab.3.1), Material factor M=1.30 (Tab. 2.3)
fc0k=17.00 N/mm, fc0d=Kmodfc0k/M=0.80x17.00/1.30=10.46N/mm
fmyk=16.00 N/mm, fmyd=Kmodfmyk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm
fmzk=16.00 N/mm, fmzd=Kmodfmzk/M=0.80x16.00/1.30=9.85N/mm

Rectangular cross section Km=0.70 (EC5 6.1.6.(2))


myd=Myd/Wmy,netto=1E+06x0.773/1.875E+005= 4.13 N/mm
mzd=Mzd/Wmz,netto=1E+06x0.000/6.250E+004= 0.00 N/mm
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Buckling length
Sky= 1.00x2.015=2.015 m= 2015 mm
Skz= 0.10x2.015=0.202 m= 202 mm

Slenderness
iy= (Iy/A)=0.289x 150= 43 mm, y= 2015/ 43= 46.86
iz= (Iz/A)=0.289x 50= 14 mm, z= 202/ 14= 14.39

m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x50x 5400/(150x1814)= 38.71N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)


m,crit=0.78.bE005/(hLef)=0.78x150x 5400/(50x202)=9406.45N/mm (EC5 Eq.6.32)
Critical stresses
m,crity= 38.71 N/mm, rel,my= (fmyk/m,crity)= 0.64 (EC5 Eq.6.30)
m,critz= 9406.45 N/mm, rel,mz= (fmzk/m,critz)= 0.04 (EC5 Eq.6.30)

rel,my=0.64, (rel<=0.75), Kcrity=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)


rel,mz=0.04, (rel<=0.75), Kcritz=1.00 (EC5 Eq.6.34)

myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+Km.mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.419+0.000= 0.42 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)


Km.myd/(Kcrityfmyd)+mzd/(Kcritzfmzd)=0.293+0.000= 0.29 < 1 (EC5 Eq.6.33)
The check is satisfied