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dry gas seals

In 1995. Thanks to our extensive compressors.900 a track record psi / 200 bar). to provide Ingersoll-Rand began applying the best solution for each Because of their advantages. of process gas by seal element analysis. on your centrifugal and gas production—both compressors to onshore and offshore. and bidirectional designs D-R cartridge-type dry 95% of new compressors for Ingersoll-Rand began using are available for your needs gas seals comply with API varied services throughout the gas seals in process gas and process requirements.5 in / 342.DRY gas seals No one is better qualified to ■ improve efficiency— sometimes dramatically—by eliminating the parasitic power losses caused by oil shear and drag designs.600 of conditions. When required. dates back to the 1970s when tandem. 11 years. as well as Our dry gas seal experience various arrangements (single.9 mm). dry gas seals: optimum performance experience now exceeds 10 and long life ■ eliminate the need for million hours with no “hang- D-R gas seals are manufactured complex and costly seal oil ups. This ■ retain pressure during design has been proving itself shutdown. pressures (up to 2. advanced designs. etc. D-R created lubricants a special patented rotor groove ■ eliminate contamination of pattern and carbon ring pusher seal oil by the process gas design that maximize reliability ■ extend the life of lubricating oil in all operating conditions. To ensure Not content with existing product performance and . and speeds of success up to 48. The total running lubricated seals. we drew on our extensive experience to develop our own gas seal technology. even with the ever since in various compressor auxiliaries deactivated. refineries. Both unidirectional dry gas seals are installed on lift compressors. In 1982. manufacturing. using advanced engineering methods and tools bring this superior technology ■ eliminate contamination such as CAD systems and finite to your equipment. double). existing centrifugal compressor.” That makes D-R one of using the resources systems. operation benefit from our product’s unique anti.000 D-R gas seals are seals can help your currently in operation. 617 requirements. chemical plants. the technology in natural gas application. maintenance associated manufacturers in the industry. accommodate a large range state-of-the-art manufacturing Since 1996. gas Upgrading the gas seals liquefaction. Some D-R standards. quality inspection. gas seals have been running continuously for more than built and tested for Compared to conventional oil. world. and ability to offer Dresser-Rand gas seals have materials can be specially full-service solutions.8 mm to 13.000 rpm.) with them of our ISO 9000-certified MAKING A GOOD manufacturing and quality IDEA EVEN BETTER organizations. sealing applications such as gas transmission. D-R gas seals are available in hang-up and high-reliability a range of dimensions (2 in / features. 50. and testing. D-R can been delivered or are currently selected to comply with NACE bring these advantages to your in production. more than 1. Close Dresser-Rand dry gas to 1. and the ongoing the most experienced gas seal (procurement. The standard materials experience.

client satisfaction. D-R’s Rotating Seat: experts in rotor dynamics. fixed to the case. Centrifugal compressor seals are a critical subsystem that must be carefully integrated into the overall unit design. The fully equipped test rig includes Stationary Ring a test vehicle in which a pair of gas seals (CW = Clockwise and CCW = Counter Clockwise) Compressor is tested under contractual Shaft conditions. The seals are then disassembled and inspected. The acting lift-off effect and optimum gas film source solution for dry face of the rotating ring incorporates special grooves on stiffness at both low and high speeds. Tungsten Carbide (Shrouded) or Silicon Carbide aerodynamics. is held against a rotating rotating seal face provides excellent Dresser-Rand is your single- ring. including compression service. and start. a static test is Designed for reliability performed. performance. As the shaft rotates. as requested. of the faces creates a “dam” region where the gas pressure is broken down to the flare or the vent pressure. The temperature. create a dynamic gas pumping or “lifting” effect that installation. After reassembly. Typically. D-R’s patented innovations ensure consistent performance. is introduced into the seal has additionally been designed to capabilities and direct technical area. engineering process gas to be contained. We take into account the crucial aspects Metallic Components 410 (NACE Compliant) of each application. pushes the spring-loaded stationary ring away from the up supervision for all seal rotating ring. case-by-case basis. the grooves on the rotating ring compressor modifications. . fixed to the shaft by springs and pressure. The inner portion upgrades. support. inspection. reduced to a pressure slightly above that of the D-R's bidirectional patented pattern management. and seal systems Other Material Options: design/technology work closely O-Rings—Silicone or Polymer Seal together to optimize each Barrier Seal—Aluminum Labyrinth system and ensure an efficient Other materials available on a upgrade with minimal downtime. required Spring: Inconel physical characteristics and Barrier Seal: Carbon Ring fit for existing cavities. Gas Path pressure and flow rate at each seal connection are measured and recorded with calibrated instruments over the full range outboard of rated operating speeds and pressures. custom. thermodynamics. Rotating Seat Every D-R gas seal is subjected to a complete set of tests. A solutions of short and long grooves on the stationary ring. O Ring: Aflas performance and reliability are Stationary Seat: Carbon all carefully considered. filtered compressor discharge provide experienced project gas. Safety. We the outer portion. gas seal upgrades. creating a very small gap. full-service D-R's unidirectional patented pattern At the heart of every gas seal is a pair of rings. allow reverse rotation. from initial consultation through final testing. a dedicated D-R Gas Seals Business Unit manages the complete inboard production process. We handle total procurement.

the seal can remain open (due to dirt.” operational risk. while keeping the OD Seal Design: A Risk of leakage rate at an acceptable level. gas film thickness also increases the leakage rate. bidirectional groove patterns. only the spring force closes the seal. The resulting increase in the closing force is than one seal on hand in inventory to minimize generally sufficient to eliminate “hang-up. environment. “Hang-Up” INTERNAL DIA. a condition known as “hang-up.” equipment (for instance. The radial clearance of rotation. In operating mode ID the closing forces (springs BD plus pressure between ■ U  nidirectional seal groove outer diameter and balance patterns are known to provide diameter equalize the greater gas film thickness opening forces (pressure gradient between outer diameter and and higher gas film stiffness. check valve position). for instance). . However. High Less Risk of “Hang-Up” gas film stiffness enables the seal to better react This design uses two O-rings. A good design will have sufficient film thickness to Standard Dry Gas provide the best possible reliability. sliding face of the O-ring is transferred to the bottom of the however. shocks due to process L-Shaped Pushing Ring: upsets. the gas film thickness preventing the springs to push the stationary ring toward defines the distance between the faces. increasing D-R’s patented design solves this problem. In the absence of pressure. thereby increasing reliability. Reverse rotation can between the L-ring and cartridge does not change significantly Bidirectional often be avoided by the proper with operating conditions. in actual applications it can develop a flaw: friction can cause the o-ring to stick. unidirectional groove patterns provide O-RINGS of the carbon ring is in a three to five times greater gas film stiffness than relatively high-temperature bidirectional patterns. A thicker gas the rotating ring. surge.) without contact between the faces.” resulting in too wide a gap film reduces the risk of contact between the faces. OF This design uses a single Both unidirectional and bidirectional designs have GROOVES their own advantages. Unidirectional thus better reliability than seal. It must be noted that unidirectional Our patented design seals have some significant ability to withstand places the second O-ring reverse rotation for a short period of time and at low in the L-ring instead of speed. to an externally imposed variation of the gap. low pressure. the the same seal at both ends makes it interchangeable. Reverse rotation can still occur in abnormal situations or in some specific processes (closed Dresser-Rand L-Ring loop systems) and only bidirectional seals can Design: Lowest Risk of withstand reverse rotation at maximum pressure and “Hang-Up” maximum speed. etc. so there is less risk of a high-friction seal. between the rings and the potential for process gas leakage. or “hang up. O-ring.” The reliability of the seal depends upon its ability to accommodate sudden disturbances Improved Design with (vibrations. design and installation of process condition and “hang-up. Which design should low risk of “hang-ups” you choose? As elegant as the gas seal solution is. Having an important benefit: if the O-ring sticks to the housing. in the cartridge. inner diameter in clearance gap)). If O-ring friction prevents the spring from functioning. When the seal is rotating. Dresser-Rand recommends keeping more O-ring groove. For The first seal at the back a given gap. Both the and most obvious advantage is its cartridge and L-ring are manufactured of steel (same thermal ability to operate in either direction expansion coefficient and Young’s modulus). This provides the advantages A bidirectional seal is the same at both ends of the mentioned above plus compressor (to prevent incorrect assembly). The second O-ring is fitted into the bore ■ The bidirectional gas seal’s first of the seal cartridge in a lower-temperature location.

Brazil gas seal repair and static test facility. Brazil and Cilegon. Le Havre. set of seals to ensure a quick change-out with minimal down time. Texas. France.TEST facilities Complete gas seal maintenance and testing available in the U. The restored seals will be repackaged as an assembly and returned in their original shipping container. . simulating running conditions of pressure and speed.S. Indonesia. clean-up and test- ing. ready for the next change-out. Seals removed from service for any reason should be returned to the nearest service center for disassembly. is performed when major parts are replaced. Cilegon. France gas seal Indonesia stand ready to service D-R gas seals repair and test facility.. and Brazil. Static testing is always performed on refur- bished seals. Le Havre. France. Houston. Indonesia gas seal repair and static test facility. Campinas. Campinas. Dynamic testing. with authorized factory parts and testing to restore them to their original condition. The gas seal repair and test facilities at the Dresser-Rand Service Centers in Houston. Texas gas seal We recommend that each installation has a spare repair and test facility.

A. Contact Dresser-Rand for detailed design and engineering information suitable to your specific applications.com Fax: (Int'l +33) 2-35-25-5366/5367 ©2014 Dresser-Rand. Avenue Kleber (Europe.S. Dresser-Rand reserves the right to modify its products and related product information at any time without prior notice. France USA Brazil. Printed in U.com or contact us at: Dresser-Rand S. This brochure comprises a general overview of the Dresser-Rand products described herein. Lázaro Gonçalves de Oliveira. 9th Floor Houston. visit www. visit www. France Tel: (Int'l +33) 2-35-25-5225 Email: info@dresser-rand. and is not to be construed as an offer to sell or solicitation to buy. does not represent a warranty or guarantee of the information contained herein. Suite 1000 Dresser-Rand Asia Pacific Sdn Bhd 10205 Westheimer Road 10205 Westheimer Road Unit 9-4. Texas 77042 Bangunan Malaysian Re Tel: (Int'l +1) 713-354-6100 Tel: (Int’l +1) 713-354-6100 17 Lorong Dungun Fax: (Int'l +1) 713-354-6110 Fax: (Int’l +1) 713-354-6110 Damansara Heights 50490 Kuala Lumpur.A. DRESSER-RAND is a registered trademark of Dresser-Rand Company. 13458-626 Tel: (Int'l +33) 2-35-25-5225 Tel: (Int'l +1) 713-346-2257 Tel: (Int'l +55) 19 3728.com or contact the following: CORPORATE Headquarters Regional Headquarters Dresser-Rand The Americas Asia-Pacific West8 Tower.A.dresser-rand. Malaysia Dresser-Rand EMEA Tel: (Int'l +60) 3-2093-6633 112. It is solely for informational purposes.® . Texas 77042 Houston. Form 85189-14 Bringing energy and the environment into harmony. Suite 1000 West8 Tower. Middle East & Africa) Fax: (Int'l +60) 3-2093-2622 Cedex 16 Dresser-Rand S. TX 77043 Santa Barbara d’Oeste Le Havre 76080.8600 – Services Fax: (Int'l +33) 2-35-25-5366/5367 Fax: (Int'l +1) 713-827-0353 Tel: (Int'l +55) 19 3459.dresser-rand. Dresser-Rand Dresser-Rand do Brasil 31 Boulevard Winston Churchill 1415 Lumpkin Road Av. For more information on dry gas seals.4200 – Operations For a complete list of products and services. Paris 75784 France 31 Boulevard Winston Churchill Tel: (Int’l +33) 156 26 71 71 Cedex 7013 Fax: (Int’l +33) 156 26 71 72 Le Havre 76080. 2100 Cedex 7013 Houston.