Hydrostatic test is used for confirming mechanical integrity of installed
pressure vessels and pipe lines. It has to be completed before putting the pressure vessels and
pipe lines in use.

According to ASME Section VIII Division I, hydrostatic pressure is conducted at the pressure of
1.5 times design pressure. If a vessel is design for holding 1.0 kg/cm2.g pressure, the hydrostatic
pressure test has to be done at 1.5 kg/cm2.g.

Hydrostatic test is also applied to existing equipments and pipe lines to check for leakage after
being repaired or maintained. Hydrostatic job number increases during plant Turn Around
period. Because at that time, most of equipments are opened for checking, inspection, clean-up,
repairing, replacing certain parts or performing internal modification.

The use of high pressure is the main source of hazards associated with hydrostatic pressure test.
Hydrostatic test stores energy. High pressure could damage the facilities and endanger worker’s
safety. You should have included this into your own hazard identification.

Safety Checklist

In order to prevent accident from hydrostatic test operation, we have to make good preparation
prior to do the test, during the pressurization process and depressurizing operation. These jobs
should be made in the form standard operating procedure. And here are the safety checklists for
each stage.

Hydrostatic test preparation:

1. Specification sheet of the equipments and or pipe line, which mentions pressure and
temperature designs are available and complete.

2. Hydrostatic test pressure and temperature standard are already clearly defined in the
related document.

3. Supported documents such as P&ID and isometric drawing are available and conform to
as built facilities at the field.

4. Pressure test planning has to be distributed to all relevant sections in the plant site at
least two days before the execution date.

5. Make good coordination among related sections that involve in the test.

6. All test equipments and tools shall be inspected for wear and damage.

7. Pressure measurement tools are calibrated and their statuses of calibration are still valid.

12. 22. Issue a work safety permit by authorized personnel. Do not start the test if a problem is identified. Safety relief valve setting is 1. 25. 17. All hoses must be tied down. Water temperature must be more than 16oC (60 F). 3. Do not allow person who does not have any relation with the hydrostatic test. fitting. The hydrostatic-pressurizing pump is completed with safety relief valve. Pressurization process: 1. 15. 23. All the temporary tools (such as valve. Mark all leak points and repair them before preceding the test. Wear proper personal protective equipments. 8. Remove all air from the vessel and pipe line by water through vent line. Pressure gauges used in the test have enough capacity. Isolate other equipments and pipe lines that do not include in the hydrostatic test. 11. The pressure gauge is safety type. If possible perform the test from a remote area. Make sure that all pipe and vessel supports are in good condition and have been inspected. with blowout back. 10. 21. 13. hoses. Choose drain valve at the lowest point in order to completely empty the vessel and pipe. 14. . Safety relief valve is already installed. Check the vent line before testing and make sure it is not blocked. 24. 26. Safety relief valve is calibrated. 19. Pressurization is conducted gradually/slowly. 20. to enter the test area. Pressure gauges must be installed at a proper location so that it can be easily read and do not create additional hazards to the hydrostatic test or expose personnel to the vessel being tested. 9. Put appropriate safety sign at that area. Isolate the test area and surround it with safety line. 18. etc) have to be rated more than the maximum hydrostatic pressure. Vents are available and installed the high points to vent air. flanges. blind plate. 2. The gauges are recommended to have 150% of the maximum allowable working pressure.5 times maximum allowable working pressure. 16.

Ensure that no remaining pressure trapped inside the pipe line or vessel. This is to avoid vacuum condition inside the vessel. Open the lowest drain point to completely remove water from the vessel and pipeline. Start de-pressurization by opening gradually the vent valve. 2. Do not open the drain valve if the vent valve if still closed. The above hydrostatic pressure test safety checklist will ensure worker’s safety and the facility of the plant. 3. do not try to ignore them. Do it slowly. Thus. 4. . De-pressurization process: 1. 4. Do not monitor during pressurization step directly from the front of sight glass or level glass.