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Ecofriendly Synthesis of nano Zero Valent Iron from Banana Peel Extract

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2017 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 795 012063


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Sentot Budi Rahardjo3 and Inayati4 1 Chemical Analyst. or 10-9 [1-3]. Sebelas Maret University. Indonesia 3 Departement of Chemistry. Nanotechnology is defined as the manipulation of the material through a particular chemical and / or physical processes to synthesize materials with specific characteristics.co. A systematic characterization of nZVI was performed using UV-Vis. The characterization size of nZVI was performed using TEM. Sebelas Maret University. Ir. Jend. 1.1088/1742-6596/795/1/012063 International Conference on Recent Trends in Physics 2016 (ICRTP2016) IOP Publishing Journal of Physics: Conference Series 755 (2016) 011001 doi:10. During the synthesis of nZVI both the precursor and the reducing agent were mixed in a clean sterilized flask in 1:1 proportion. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd 1 . Indonesia 4 Chemical Engeneering.001-0. ICSAS IOP Publishing IOP Conf.id Abstract. Surakarta.001M Fe2+ ions. Sutoyo. Sutami 36A Kentingan Jebres Surakarta 57126.0 licence. Sebelas Maret University.005 M ferrous sulfate with BPE concentration 5 ml.005 M aqueous of FeSO4 solution with constant stirring at room temperature. Setia Budi University. Series 795 (2017) 012063 doi:10. Indonesia E-mail: nardi_usb@yahoo. INDONESIA 2 Departement of Chemistry Education. Let. nano Zero Valent Iron (nZVI) were synthesized from banana peel extract (BPE) and ferrous sulfate. Jl. journal citation and DOI. Jl. Mojosongo Surakarta 57127. Nanotechnology is the art of how to create and manipulate materials at the nanoscale (1-100 nm).005 M. There is small decrease in the intensity of SPR band from 0. Characteristic surface plasmon absorption band was observed at 210 nm for the black colored nZVI synthesized from 0. For the reduction of Fe ions. Ashadi2. Introduction The term nano comes from the Greek word meaning very small. Nanotechnology is a field of science that is growing rapidly with a variety of applications in science and technology[9].001 to 0. It has been found that the optimum concentration for the synthesis of nZVI is 0. 5 ml of filtered BPE was mixed to 5 ml of freshly prepared 0.1088/1742-6596/755/1/011001 Ecofriendly Synthesis of nano Zero Valent Iron from Banana Peel Extract Sunardi1. Nano-size shows one billionth of a meter. UV–visible absorption is used to investigate SPR. The result shows that formation of particles size of nZVI was more 100 nm. Surakarta.001 M – 0. Within a particular time change in colour from brown to black color obtained by nanoparticles synthesis. In this study. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. INDONESIA Environmental Science of Post Graduate Program Sebelas Maret University. Surakarta. which can be used in particular applications. 1 Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.

The formation of colloids nZVI investigated with observation of the color change of the solution. 2 . Results and Discussion Green synthesis of nano Zero Valent Iron and characterization The detailed study of the green synthesis of nZVI was performed using BPE. The fresh banana peels were washed repeatedly with distilled water to remove dust and dirt in it.001 M . Many research has been done in the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles with plant parts such as Punica granatum peels [13]. It is an alternative for the synthesis of nanoparticles that are environmentally friendly by using biological resources such as plants and microorganisms[10-11].1088/1742-6596/795/1/012063 Nanotechnology relates to the synthesis of nanoparticles about size. chemical composition and dispersity aimed for human benefits. 2. The emergence of black colour in the reaction showed the formation of nZVI. Approximately 25 g of peel was taken in a glass of 250 ml containing 75 ml of double-distilled water and then boiled peel at 80 ° C for 10 minutes and filtered through Whatman No 1 filter paper. ICSAS IOP Publishing IOP Conf. The resulting filtrate is stored at 4 ° C and is used as a reducing and stabilizing agents. The formation of nanoparticles can be observed by UV-Visible spectroscopy at a wavelength of 150-550 nm. The rate of synthesis of the nanoparticles very quickly. Wrightia tinctoria leaves [17] and mango peel [18]. the nZVI synthesis of both the precursor and the reducing agent is mixed into clean sterilized flask in a 1: 1 proportion. nanoparticles are well defined. Synthesis and Characterization nZVI In this study. 3. chemical and physical methods have been successfully produce pure. Numerical Methods 2. The images of nZVI were analyzed with a Philips EM 400T Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) operated at 100 kV. but it is expensive and harmful to the environment. Utilization of biological organisms such as plant extracts. Preparation of Banana peel extract Banana peel extract was used as a reducing agent for the synthesis of nZVI. Myrica esculenta leaf [16]. shape. biomass plants and microorganisms could be an alternative to chemical and physical methods for the production of environmentally friendly nanoparticles[2]. Citrus sinensis peel [14]. which justifies the use of crop residues in the biosynthesis of the iron nanoparticles through ecofriendly methods and more secure.1. tube B contains banana peel extract and tube C contains nZVI in colloidal form. For the reduction of Fe ion. Banana peel contains polyphenols which can reduce Fe ions into Fe0. Series 795 (2017) 012063 doi:10.0. Figure 1 shows the image discoloration of synthesis reaction nZVI: Tube A contains ferrous sulfate. crystalline nZVI. Polyphenols are biology components that interact with the metal salts through functional groups. In this study. we have reported for ecofriendly synthesis of nano Zero Valent Iron (nZVI) using the peels extract of the banana plant. Observation of ultraviolet-visible spectra obtained using Shimadzu UV- 1650pc Spectrophotometer. Aqueous ferrous sulfate solution reacts with banana peel extract. Nanobiotechnology is a related field between biology and nanotechnology. changes in absorbance and particle size are formed after reduction. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. 2. causing rapid formation of very stable. Green synthesis nanoparticle has been achieved by using plant extracts for reducing and capping agents.005 M aqueous solution of FeSO4 with constant stirring at room temperature. lemon leaves [15]. At this time.2. In particular time changes the color changes from brown to black shows the synthesis of nanoparticles. In the next section we have described the synthesis of nZVI by discoloration. OH and mediate their reduction to nanoparticles [19]. 5 ml filtered BPE mixed with 5 ml of freshly prepared 0.

400 d Fe 0. There was a decrease in the intensity of the SPR band from 0. The observation of the characteristics of the surface plasmon absorption band at a wavelength of at 210 nm for the black colored nZVI from BPE concentration (5 ml) with 0. UV Vis spectra for the nZVI prepared with 5 mL Banana peel extract with various Fe2+ aqueous concentration TEM analysis According Hoag et al.001 M of Fe2+ ions.005 0. Samples were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). From the image confirm that the density grid elements in each zone is related with the intensity shading.001 0.400 1. 3 .1088/1742-6596/795/1/012063 Figure 1. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. To observe the SPR.200 a Absorbance (a.000 b a Fe 0. However.004 0. TEM analysis is presented in Figure 3.001-0. ICSAS IOP Publishing IOP Conf.003 0.001 to 0. There is a decrease in the intensity of the SPR band when the concentration is increased further.800 d e b Fe 0.005 M ferrous sulfate [3. (2009).200 e Fe 0. 2 (a-e)] is due to the formation of less nZVI despite high initial concentration of Fe 2+ ion 1. The size similar nZVI can be seen in Figure 3. These changes were associated with excitation of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) in nZVI. usually using a UV-visible. 12]. the reaction between Fe ions and extract containing polyphenols produce nZVI [20].000 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 wavelenght (nm) Figure 2. Series 795 (2017) 012063 doi:10. These results require further study and research. Tube A contains ferrous sulfate.600 c c Fe 0. tube B contains banana peel extract and tube C contains colloidal nZVI UV–Visible analysis Early detection is done by visual observation of the reaction solution changes color nZVI. due to the agglomeration causes the particle size nZVI becomes larger 100 nm [21].005 M. The optimum concentration for synthesis nZVI is 0.002 0. The decrease in the intensity of the SPR band [Fig.u) 1.

S. U. Geetha. 6(4) 1771 [5] Mahendra Rai and Alka Yadav 2013 IET Nanobiotechnol. 7(3) 117 [6] Parashar. Series: Journal of Physics: Conf. Biostruct. J. B. Singh VN. Alam MK. 2009 Dig. Nayak 2013 Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 2012 Int J NanoSci Nanotechnol 3 73 [18] Bharani M. Nanomater. 368 58 [9] Rai. V. Yongqing Q. Biotechnol. the size of particles nZVI was more 100 nm. So this process is environmentally friendly nanoparticle synthesis. Yuvakkumar.. and Shrivastava. 94(2) 287 [10] Renugadevi.. Elango. R. Series 795 (2017) 012063 doi:10. and Misra A 2009 Colloids Surf A Physic. and Pandey. Zoremi E. P. Zinjarde. Eng. Evan CW. 2010 Colloids Surf B 81(1) 81 [15] Kaviya S. Muthumar J. Sharma S. A. and Ingle. Ramesh and D.R. and Priya LK. 1(4) 22 [2] Monalisa Pattanayak. Pyne S. S.. ICSAS IOP Publishing IOP Conf. Mehta BR and Fatma A. V.. 2009 Digest J. Joshi.G. 2015. Mazumder J. DOI 10.L. 2010 Colloids Surf. 2012 Appl.K.1007/s13204-015-0401- 2.. Shamsi SF. Kumar. A. 2012 Int. Sarkar P. and Baruah SB. Saha M.L. Asp. Song G. P. TEM image nZVI synthesized using BPE Conclusion In conclusion. Nayak 2012 World Journal of Nano Science & Technology.. Nanomater. However. 18(5) 623 [3] Monalisa Pattanayak and P. Dan H. M. Nanomater.S. Mohan behara. Saxena. Biostruct.ochem 4 . 2006 Green Chem 8 417 [12] T. A. A. Debabrata Mohapatra and P. J... Varalakshmi B.C. Rajendran. Sharma. and Yan C 2012 Int J Mol Sci 13 466 [14] Ahmad N. nano Zero Valent Iron can synthesized directly betwen ferrous sulfate with banana peel extract in aqueous media without the addition of chemicals (capping agent).V. and Raston CL. R. and Aswini. Viswanathan B. and N. Santhanalakshmi J. D. G Kishore Naidu and B Sujatha 2013.1088/1742-6596/795/1/012063 Figure 3. B. Biostruct.S. 2011 Spectrochim Acta Part A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 7 594 [16] Padma S and Shukla D. Kannan 2011 Digest Journal of Nanomaterials and Biostructures. Buyuan G. Kokila. Gayathiri G. Karpagam T. Bhui DK. 2(2) 5 [11] Albrecht MA. A. V.V. Kaladhar. Physicochem. 2(1) 6 [4] R.K. Parashar. 4 (1) 159 [8] Bankar. and Srinivasan K. Chemijournal. Appl Nanosci. 2012 Int J Appl Biol Pharm Technol 3 58 [19] Bar H. A.. Microbiol. Sahoo GP. 4(1) 45 [7] Parashar.. References [1] Varahalarao V. K. [13] Guangquan L. 2012 Appl Nanosci 2 163 [17] Phanjom P.

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