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ENGLISH LITERATURE
English Literature term is very popular that means a writing in English language. Formerly,
it was meant to be British writing. With the course of the time, the concept has changed
and now it means a writing produced in English language by any one at any place in the
world.

Wednesday, April 22, 2009

A Chronology of the English Language
449 Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain begins
450-480 Earliest Old English inscriptions date from this period
597 St. Augustine arrives in Britain. Beginning of Christian conversion
731 The Venerable Bede publishes The Ecclesiastical History of the English People in Latin
792 Viking raids and settlements begin
871 Alfred becomes king of Wessex. He has Latin works translated into English and begins practice of
English prose. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is begun
911 Charles II of France grants Normandy to the Viking chief Hrolf the Ganger. The beginning of
Norman French
c. 1000 The oldest surviving manuscript of Beowulf dates from this period
1066 The Norman conquest
c. 1150 The oldest surviving manuscripts of Middle English date from this period
1171 Henry II conquers Ireland
1204 King John loses the province of Normandy to France
1348 English replaces Latin as the medium of instruction in schools, other than Oxford and Cambridge
which retain Latin
1362 The Statute of Pleading replaces French with English as the language of law. Records continue to
be kept in Latin. English is used in Parliament for the first time
1384 Wyclif publishes his English translation of the Bible
c. 1388 Chaucer begins The Canterbury Tales
1476 William Caxton establishes the first English printing press
1492 Columbus discovers the New World
1549 First version of The Book of Common Prayer
1604 Robert Cawdrey publishes the first English dictionary, Table Alphabeticall
1607 Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in the New World, established
1611 The Authorized, or King James Version, of the Bible is published
1702 Publication of the first daily, English-language newspaper, The Daily Courant, in London
1755 Samuel Johnson publishes his dictionary
1770 Cook discovers Australia
1928 The Oxford English Dictionary is published

Neena Sairam at 2:48 AM 1 comment:
Tuesday, April 21, 2009

Authors (chronological by date of birth)
Authors: Chaucer to Shakespeare

Chaucer, Edmund Spenser, Sir Philip Sidney, William Shakespeare

Authors: Donne to Milton

John Donne, Ben Jonson, John Webster, John Milton

Authors: Bunyan to Gray

John Bunyan, Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, Henry Fielding, Thomas Gray

Authors: Goldsmith to Austen

Oliver Goldsmith, Boswell and Johnson, Richard Sheridan, Fanny Burney, William Blake, Jane Austen

Authors: Wordsworth to Keats

William Wordsworth, Samuel taylor Coleridge, Lord Byron, Percy Bysshe ShelleyJohn Keats

Authors: Mary Shelley to the Bronte Sisters

Mary Shelley, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Dickens, Bronte Sisters

Authors: George Eliot to Bram Stoker

George Eliot, Matthew Arnold, Algernon Charles Swinburne, Thomas Hardy, Bram Stoker

Authors: R L Stevenson to E M Forster

Robert Louis Stevenson, Oscar Wilde, George Bernard Shaw, Joseph Conrad, RudyardKipling, W B Yeats,
E M Forster

Authors: James Joyce to William Faulkner

James Joyce, Viginia Woolf, D H Lawrence, Ring W Lardner, T S Eliot, J R R Tolkien,F Scott Fitzgerald,
William Faulkner

Authors: C S Lewis to Arthur Miller

C S Lewis, Ernest Hemingway, John Steinbeck, Samuel Beckett, Elizabeth Bishop, WilliamGolding,
Bernard Malamud, Arthur Miller

Authors: Anthony Burgess to Harold Pinter

Anthony Burgess, J D Salinger, Doris Lessing, Philip Larkin, Robert Cormier, Harper Lee,Chinua Achebe,
Harold Pinter

Authors: Toni Morrison to Salman Rushdie

Toni Morrison, Frank McCourt, Syvia Plath, Tom Stoppard, Margaret Atwood, Barry Hines,Seamus
Heaney, Angela Carter, Alice Walker, Brian Patten, Salman Rushdie

Authors: Ian McEwan to J K Rowling

Ian McEwan, Carol Ann Duffy, Simon Armitage, J K Rowling

Neena Sairam at 11:49 PM 1 comment:

Authors Index of English Literature
A
Edwin A. Abbott (1838-1926)
Sarah Flower Adams (1805-1848)
Joseph Addison (1672-1719)
Mark Akenside (1721-1770)
Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888)
Cecil Frances Alexander (1818-1895)
ANONYMOUS (1100-1945)
Matthew Arnold (1822-1888)
Jane Austen (1775-1817)
B
Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)
Anna Lætitia Barbauld (1743-1825)
Mary Barber (1690-1757)
Richard Harris Barham (1788-1845)
Sabine Baring-Gould (1824-1924)
William Barnes (1801-1886)
Richard Barnfield (1574-1627)
David Bates (1809-1870)
Katharine Lee Bates (1859-1929)
Thomas Bateson (ca. 1570-1630)
L. Frank Baum (1856-1919)
James Beattie (1735-1803)
Francis Beaumont (1584-1616) and John Fletcher (1579-1625)
Thomas Lovell Beddoes (1803-1849)
The Venerable Bede (673-735)
Aphra Behn (1640-1689)
Ambrose Bierce (1842-1914?)
Robert Blair (1699-1746)
William Blake (1757-1827)
William Lisle Bowles (1762-1850)
Anne Bradstreet (ca. 1612-1672)
Nicholas Breton (1555?-1626)
Anne Brontë (1820-1849)
Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855)
Emily Jane Brontë (1818-1848)
Rupert Brooke (1887-1915)
Thomas Edward Brown (1830-1897)
Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682)
William Browne (1590?-1645)
Robert Browning (1812-1889)
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)
John Bunyan (1628-1688)
Gelett Burgess (1866-1951)
Robert Burns (1759-1796)
Edgar Rice Burroughs (1875-1950)
Samuel Butler (1613-1680)
William Byrd (1543-1623)
Lord Byron (see George Gordon, lord Byron, 1788-1824)
C
Cædmon (fl. 658-80)
Charles Stuart Calverley (1831-1884)
Thomas Campbell (1777-1844)

William Wilfred Campbell (1858?-1918)
Thomas Campion (1587-1620)
George Canning (1770-1827)
Richard Carew of Anthony (1555-1620)
Thomas Carew (1595?-1640)
Bliss Carman (1861-1929)
Lewis Carroll (1832-1898)
George Chapman (1559?-1634)
Thomas Chatterton (1752-1770)
Geoffrey Chaucer (ca. 1343-1400)
Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury (1582-1648)
Lady Mary Chudleigh (1656-1710)
Charles Churchill (1732-1764)
John Clare (1793-1864)
Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain) (1835-1910)
John Cleveland (1613-1658)
Arthur Hugh Clough (1819-1861)
Mary Elizabeth Coleridge (1861-1907)
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834)
Wilkie Collins (1824-1889)
William Collins (1721-1759)
Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
Eliza Cook (1818-1889)
Dr. D. Cooper (fl. 1514)
James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851)
Richard Corbet (1582-1635)
William Johnson Cory (1823-1892)
Abraham Cowley (1618-1667)
William Cowper (1731-1800)
George Crabbe (1754-1832)
Dinah Maria Mulock Craik (1826-1887)
Stephen Crane (1871-1900)
Richard Crashaw (1613-1649)
Isabella Valancy Crawford (1850-1887)
D
Samuel Daniel (1563?-1619)
Sir William D'Avenant (1606-1668)
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
John Davidson (1857-1909)
Daniel Defoe (1660-1731)
Thomas Dekker (1570?-1632)
Sir John Denham (1615-1669)
John Dennis (1657-1734)
Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)
Sydney Thompson Dobell (1824-1874)
Henry Austin Dobson (1840-1921)
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (see Lewis Carroll, 1832-1898)
John Donne (1572-1631)
Earl of Dorset (see Charles Sackville, 1638-1706; and Thomas Sackville, 1536-1608)
Gavin Douglas (1475?-1522)
Frederick Douglass (1817?-1895)
John Dowland (1563-1626)
Ernest Dowson (1867-1900)
Michael Drayton (1563-1631)
William Drummond of Hawthornden (1585-1649)
William Henry Drummond (1854-1907)

H. 1819-1880) Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888-1965) Elizabeth I (1533-1603) Daniel Decatur Emmett (1815-1904) Sir George Etherege (ca. Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940) Giles Fletcher the Younger (1585?-1623) John Fletcher (1579-1625) Phineas Fletcher (1582-1650) Thomas Ford (1580?-1648) Stephen C. 1550-1631) Stephen Hawes (ca. B. 1475-1511) Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864) Caroline Hayward (fl. Marquis of Montrose (1612-1650) Thomas Gray (1716-1771) William Gray of Reading (?-1557) Robert Greene (1560-1592) Julian Grenfell (1888-1915) Fulke Greville. Frere (1769-1846) Robert Frost (1874-1963) Sarah Fyge (Egerton) (1670-1723) G George Gascoigne (ca. king of England (1491-1547) Robert Henryson (1424?-1506?) . Lord Byron (1788-1824) John Gower (1330?-1408) James Graham.John Dryden (1631-1700) W. Countess of Winchilsea (1661-1720) Edward FitzGerald (1809-1883) F. 1534-1577) Elizabeth Cleghorn Gaskell (1810-1865) John Gay (1685-1732) Orlando Gibbons (1583-1625) Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) Oliver Goldsmith (1730?-1774) George Gordon. 1635-1691) F Owen Felltham (1602?-1668) Robert Fergusson (1750-1774) Eugene Field (1850-1895) Henry Fielding (1707-1754) Anne Finch. E. 1855) William Hazlitt (1778-1830) Felicia Dorothea Hemans (1793-1835) William Ernest Henley (1849-1903) Henry VIII. Du Bois (1868-1963) Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) William Dunbar (1456?-1513?) Sir Edward Dyer (1543-1607) E George Eliot (1819-1880) Mary Ann (Marian) Evans (see George Eliot. Baron Brooke (1554-1628) Edgar Albert Guest (1881-1959) H William Habington (1605-1654) Joseph Hall (1574-1656) Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) Gabriel Harvey (ca. Foster (1826-1864) J.

John McCrae (1872-1918) . 1861-1913) Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) Ben Jonson (1572-1637) James Joyce (1882-1941) K John Keats (1795-1821) Francis Scott Key (1779-1843) Anne Killigrew (1660-1685) Joyce Kilmer (1886-1918) Benjamin Franklin King (1857-1894) Henry King (1592-1669) Charles Kingsley (1819-1875) Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) Raymond Knister (1899-1932) L Archibald Lampman (1861-1899) Frederick Locker Lampson (1821-1895) Letitia Elizabeth Landon (1802-1838) Walter Savage Landor (1775-1864) William Langland (ca. 1330-ca. E. 1880) John Hoskyns (1566-1638) A. Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake. of Scotland (1394-1437) Henry James (1843-1916) Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) E.George Herbert (1593-1633) Robert Herrick (1591-1674) Arthur Clement Hilton (1851-1877) Thomas Hoccleve (1369?-1426) Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) Thomas Hood (1799-1845) Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889) George Moses Horton (1797?-ca. Housman (1859-1936) Joseph Howe (1804-1873) Julia Ward Howe (1819-1910) William Dean Howells (1837-1920) Thomas Ernest Hulme (1883-1917) Leigh Hunt (1784-1859) J Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885) James I. 1386) Æmilia Lanyer (1569-1645) Stephen Leacock (1869-1944) Mary Leapor (1722-1746) Edward Lear (1812-1888) Amy Levy (1861-1889) Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951) Vachel Lindsay (1879-1931) Thomas Lodge (1558-1625) Jack London (1876-1916) Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) Richard Lovelace (1618-1657) Robert Lowry (1826-1899) John Lydgate (1370?-1449) John Lyly (1554-1606) M Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859) Evan MacColl (1808-1898) Dr.

Cardinal (1801-1890) John Newton (1725-1807) Frank Norris (1870-1902) O John Oldham (1653-1683) Amelia Opie (1769-1853) Wilfred Owen (1893-Nov. Procter (1825-1864) George Puttenham (ca. Vincent Millay (1892-1950) John Milton (1608-1674) Mary Monck (ca. 1529-91) Q Francis Quarles (1592-1644) R Sir Walter Ralegh (ca. 4. 1678-1715) Lady Mary Wortley Mon***u (1689-1762) Lucy Maud Montgomery (1874-1942) Clement Clarke Moore (1779-1863) Marianne Moore (1887-1972) Thomas Moore (1779-1852) Lizelia Augusta Jenkins Moorer (fl.) Anthony Munday (1560-1633) N Thomas Nashe (1567-1601) Edith Nesbit (1858-1924) John Henry Newman. 1590?-1659) Ezra Loomis Pound (1885-1972) Winthrop Mackworth Praed (1802-1839) Matthew Prior (1664-1721) Adelaide A.George MacDonald (1824-1905) Claude McKay (1889-1948) James Macpherson (1736-1796) Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593) John Marston (1575?-1634) Andrew Marvell (1621-1678) Herman Melville (1819-1891) George Meredith (1828-1909) Alice Meynell (1847-1922) William Mickle (1735-1788) John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) Edna St. 1918) P Thomas Parnell (1679-1718) Walter Pater (1839-1894) Coventry Patmore (1823-1896) Thomas Love Peacock (1785-1866) George Peele (1556-1596) Martin Peerson (1571?-1650) Thomas Percy (1728-1811) Katherine Philips (1631-1664) Marjorie Pickthall (1883-1922) Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849) Alexander Pope (1688-1731) Walter Porter (ca. 1552-1618) Allan Ramsay (1686-1758) . 1907) Thomas Morley (1557/58-1602) William Morris (1834-1896) Mother Goose (18th cent.

1647-1680) William Roscoe (1753-1831) Isaac Rosenberg (1890-1918) Christina Rossetti (1830-1894) Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828-1882) S Charles Sackville. Roberts (1860-1943) Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935) Mary Robinson (1758-1800) Earl of Rochester (see John Wilmot. 1553) Trumbull Stickney (1874-1904) Bram Stoker (1847-1912) William Strode (1602-1645) Sir John Suckling (1609-1642) Henry Howard. Pauline Johnson. 1844-1916) Charlotte Smith (1749-1806) Charles Hamilton Sorley (1895-1915) Robert Southey (1774-1843) Robert Southwell. 1563-1618) T Ann Taylor (1782-1866) and Jane Taylor (1783-1824) Tekahionwake (see E. earl of Dorset (1536-1608) Carl Sandburg (1878-1967) Duncan Campbell Scott (1862-1947) Frederick George Scott (1861-1944) Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) Edmund Hamilton Sears (1810-1876) Sir Charles Sedley (1639?-1701) Alan Seeger (1888-1916) Robert W. 1861-1913) Alfred Lord Tennyson (1809-1883) Ernest Lawrence Thayer (1863-1940) Edward Thomas (1878-1917) Francis Thompson (1859-1907) James Thomson (1700-1748) . Service (1874-1958) William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (1797-1851) Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) William Shenstone (1714-1763) Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816) James Shirley (1596-1666) Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586) John Skelton (1460?-1529) Christopher Smart (1722-1771) Arabella Eugenia Smith (ca. earl of Surrey (1517?-1547) Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909) Joshua Sylvester (ca. SJ (1561?-1595) Edmund Spenser (1552-1599) Thomas Sprat (1635-1713) James Kenneth Stephen (1859-1892) Leslie Stephen (1832-1904) Robert Louis Stevenson (1850-1894) William Stevenson (fl. D.Thomas Randolph (1605-1635) James Whitcomb Riley (1849-1916) Charles G. earl of Dorset (1638-1706) Thomas Sackville.

2009 FAMOUS WRITERS & THEIR WORK Old English (Anglo-Saxon Period): writers: Caedmon and Cynewulf. Clemens) (1835-1910 V Henry Vaughan (1621?-1695) Thomas Lord Vaux (1509-1556) W Annie Louisa Walker (1836-1907) Edmund Waller (1606-1687) Horace Walpole (1717-1797) William Warner (ca. Wever (fl.   Other Major Poems  . work: Beowulf (by anonymous). April 20. ca. 1200-1500: Middle English Period : Geoffrey Chaucer's(1343-1400) : The Canterbury Tales. 1578-c. Troilus and Criseyde and Book of the Duchess. 1558-1609) Joseph Warton (1722-1800) Thomas Warton the younger (1728-1790) Frances Ellen Watkins (1825-1911) Isaac Watts (1674-1748) John Webster (ca. 1558-86) Thomas Tickell (1685-1740) Augustus Mon***ue Toplady (1740-1778) Thomas Traherne (1636-1674) Anthony Trollope (1815-1882) Mark Twain (Samuel L. 1549-1553) Edith Wharton (1862-1937) Phillis Wheatley (1753?-1784) Joseph Blanco White (1775-1841) Walt Whitman (1819-1892) John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892) John Wilbye (1574-1638) Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) John Wilmot.James Thomson (1834-1882) Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) Chidiock Tichborne (ca. earl of Rochester (1647-1680) George Wither (1588-1667) Charles Wolfe (1791-1823) Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) William Wordsworth (1770-1850) Henry Clay Work (1832-1884) Sir Henry Wotton (1568-1639) Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542) Y Edward Young (1683-1765 Neena Sairam at 11:41 PM No comments: Monday.1632) Thomas Weelkes (1576?-1623) Charles Wesley (1707-1788) John Wesley (1703-1791) R.

The Legend of Good Women. Merciles Beaute. Gentilesse. Lak of Stedfastnesse. .  Geoffrey Chaucer   Thomas Malory's (1405-1471) :  Morte d'Arthur. work: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (by anonymous). Against Women Unconstant.Truth. The Parliament of Fowles.The House of Fame. Short Poems The Complaint of Chaucer to His Purse . Prose Treatises Treatise on the astrolabe.

The Life of Pico della Mirandola. A Dialogue Concerning Tyndale.  .1500-1660: The English Renaissance 1500-1558: Tudor Period (Humanist Era)   The Humanists: Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) : Utopia. The Four Last Things. A Dialogue of Comfort Against Tribulation and Sadness of Christ . The History of King Richard the Third. The Confutation of Tyndale's Answer.

Sir Thomas More  John Skelton (1460-1529):  .

like it who list In faith I wot not what to say There Was Never Nothing More Me Pained Patience ! though I have not Though I Cannot Your Cruelty Constrain Blame Not My Lute My Pen ! Take Pain The heart and service to you proffer'd Is It Possible? And Wilt Thou Leave Me Thus? Since so ye please to hear me plain Forget Not Yet The Tried Intent What Should I Say! Sir Thomas Wyatt. As Methought.A ballade of the Scottysshe Kynge  John Skelton  Sir Thomas Wyatt(1503-1542):  My Lute Awake! Once. Love's Labour's Lost. Fortune Me Kissed They Flee From Me The restful place ! renewer of my smart It may be good. . As You Like It. 1558-1603: The Elizabethan Age (High Renaissance):  William Shakespeare (1564-1616): Comedies: All's Well That Ends Well. The Renaissance Period consists of four subsets: 1. The Comedy of Errors.

Twelfth Night. or What You Will. Coriolanus. Titus Andronicus. Julius Caesar. Part 1 Tamburlaine the Great. Henry IV.Poems: Shakespeare's Sonnets. The Tempest. Macbeth.Measure for Measure. Henry VI. Hamlet. The Merchant of Venice. Richard II. The Passionate Pilgrim. A Lover's Complaint. King Lear. The Merry Wives of Windsor. Venus and Adonis. Part 2 Lucan's First Book Edward II Dido Queen of Carthage Hero and Leander Ovid's Elegies The Passionate Shepherd to his Love  . part 2. part 2. The Rape of Lucrece. Othello. Much Ado About Nothing. The Two Noble Kinsmen. part 3. Henry VI. Henry V. Antony and Cleopatra. William Shakespeare Christopher Marlowe(1564-1593):  The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus The Jew of Malta Massacre at Paris Tamburlaine the Great. The Winter's Tale Histories: King John. part1. A Midsummer Night's Dream. Richard III. part 1. Henry IV.Henry VIII Tragedies: Romeo and Juliet. Timon of Athens. Troilus and Cressida. Henry VI. The Phoenix and the Turtle. The Two Gentlemen of Verona.

Iambicum Trimetrum. .Christopher Marlowe  Edmund Spenser(1552-1599): The Faerie Queene. The Shepheardes Calender.

Edmund Spenser  Sir Walter Raleigh(1552 – 1618):  What is Our Life. . The Ocean to Cynthia and The Lie.

Sir Walter Raleigh  Ben Jonson(1573-1637):  An Hymn to God the Father An Hymn on the Nativity of My Savior An Epitaph on Master Vincent Corbet On the Portrait of Shakspeare To the Memory of My Beloved the Author. John Fletcher. Master George Chapman . Mr. the Author To My Worthy and Honored Friend. William Shakespeare To Mr. Upon His "Faithful Shepherdess" Epitaph on the Countess of Pembroke Epitaph on Michael Drayton To His Much and Worthily Esteemed Friend.

1603-1625:The Jacobean Age {Mannerist Style (1590-1640) other styles: Metaphysical Poets. part of his double interest A Hymn to Christ at the Author's Last Going into Germany . Be Not Proud Confined Love The Dissolution Oh my black soul! now art thou summoned Father. Devotional Poets}:  John Donne(1572-1631):  Song A Hymn to God the Father Death. Ben Jonson  2.

Valerius Terminus of the Interpretation of Nature . The New Atlantis.John Donne  Francis Bacon (1561-1626):  The Advancement of Learning. The Essays.

Francis Bacon  Thomas Middleton (1580-1627):  The Phoenix Michaelmas Term A Mad World. My Masters A Trick to Catch the Old One The Puritan  .

1625-1649: The Caroline Age : John Ford. Honour Triumphant The Witch of Edmonton The Sun's Darling The Lover's Melancholy Contention of a Bird and a Musician The Broken Heart A Bridal Song Love's Sacrifice 'Tis Pity She's a Whore Perkin Warbeck The Fancies. John Milton  John Milton (1608-1674): Lycidas Paradise Lost Paradise Regained John Milton  John Ford (1586-1640): Fame's Memorial Christ's Bloody Sweat. Thomas Middleton   3. Chaste and Noble The Lady's Trial  . attr.

and later. and the prose of Andrew Marvell. Rococo Style)  The Neoclassical Period: political writings of John Milton.  . 1649-1660: The Commonwealth Period (which is also known as the Puritan & The Protectorate (Baroque Style. Thomas Hobbes' political treatise Leviathan.John Ford 4.

satirical poet. (first English novels by Defoe) and Pamela. Alexander Pope . 1660-1700: The Restoration:     John Milton (1608-1674):  Paradise Lost and Paradise Regained. The Augustan Age)  The Augustan Age: Jonathan Swift.  Alexander Pope (1688-1744):  An Essay on Criticism The Rape of the Lock The Dunciad  . 1700-1800: The Eighteenth Century(The Enlightenment. Neoclassical Period. Andrew Marvell (1621-1678):  To his coy mistress  The Neoclassical Period can be divided into three subsets:  1.   John Dryden   2.   John Dryden (1631-1700). by Samuel Richardson. Daniel Defoe: Robinson Crusoe. John Wilmot 2nd Earl of Rochester (1647–1680). and John Locke.

Alexander Pope  Jonathan Swift (1667-1745):  A Modest Proposal  Gulliver's Travels  Lady´s Dressing room  Strephon and Chloe  Cassinus and Peter  .

The Age of Sensibility. and Henry Fielding Henry Fielding (1707-1754)  Tom Jones. Samuel Johnson .Jonathan Swift  3.  .

T. S. George Gordon Byron. Percy Bysshe Shelley.Samuel Johnson (1709-1784):  A Dictionary of the English Language  To the Right Honorable the Earl of Chesterfield  1785-1870: Romanticism (The Age of Revolution) William Blake. William Wordsworth. Jane Austen.  William Wordsworth (1770-1850):  London 1802  Ode: Intimations of Immortality  The Prelude  To a Skylark  Tintern Abbey  William Wordsworth  Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772 – 1834):  The Rime of the Ancient Mariner  Chrisabel  Kubla Khan  . John Keats. Coleridge.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge  George Gordon Byron (1788-1824):  Childe Harold's Pilgrimage  Don Juan Song for the Luddites  The Isles of Greece  George Gordon Byron  1870-1914: Victorian Period (Early. Alfred. the Brontës. Thomas Hardy. Middle and Late Victorian) Charles Dickens. George Eliot. Lord Tennyson. Robert Browning.  Charles Dickens (1812-1870):  Great Expectations  Hard Times  The Old Curiosity Shop  Dombey and Son  A Tale of Two Cities  Oliver Twist  .

Charles Dickens  George Eliot (1819-1880):  Middlemarch  The mill on the floss George Eliot Robert Browning (1812-1889): The Ring and the Book  My Last Duchess  .

S.  George Bernard Shaw(1856-1950):  Candida  Pygmalion  An Unsocial Socialist Arms and the Man  Caesar and Cleopatra  The Irrational Knot  Cashel Byron's Profession . Robert Browning  1914-1945: Modern Period: George Bernard Shaw. James Joyce. Lawrence. John Galosworthy. Eliot. T. William Butler Yeats. D.H.

George Bernard Shaw  William Butler Yeats (1865-1939):  The Island Of Statutes Iris  Fairy Tales  .

On Baile' Strand  The Hour Glass  In The Seven Woods  The Kings Treshold  Reveries Over Childhood And Youth Responsibilities  Sailing To Byzantium  The Second Coming  At The Hawk's Well  .

H.William Butler Yeats  D. Lawrence(1885-1930):  Sons and Lovers  Everlasting Flowers Elegy  Discord in Childhood  Dolor of Autumn  Excursion .

Eliot(1888-1965):  The Love Song of J. Lawrence  T. Lady Chatterley's Lover  Women in Love  D.H. Alfred Prufrock.  Gerontion Sweeney Among the Nightingales  The Waste Land  The Hollow Men  The Journey of the Magi  Ash Wednesday  .S.

Eliot  1945. (With the scholarly exception of the 19th century poet. thanks to the frequency of terminal vowels). onwards.D. By the time literacy becomes widespread. but the first great name in English literature is that of Geoffrey Chaucer (?1343-1400). Some of Chaucer's work is prose and some is lyric poetry.) Middle English and Chaucer From 1066 onwards. descends from the language spoken by the north Germanic tribes who settled in England from the 5th century A. Gerard Manley Hopkins. as we know it. Old English literature is mostly chronicle and poetry . descriptive but chiefly narrative or epic. Chaucer introduces the iambic pentameter line. They had no writing (except runes. And its forms do not significantly affect subsequent developments in English literature. Ælfric and King Alfred) but most writing is anonymous. . used as charms) until they learned the Latin alphabet from Roman missionaries.lyric. 2009 A brief history of English literature Old English English. who finds in Old English verse the model for his metrical system of "sprung rhythm". April 12. but his greatest work is mostly narrative poetry. the language is known to scholars as Middle English. Old English is effectively a foreign and dead language. We know the names of some of the later writers (Cædmon. Other notable mediaeval works are the anonymous Pearl and Gawain and the Green Knight (probably by the same author) and William Langlands' Piers Plowman. Ideas and themes from French and Celtic literature appear in English writing at about this time.Postmodern and Contemporary Period  Neena Sairam at 2:57 AM 16 comments: Sunday. T. The earliest written works in Old English (as their language is now known to scholars) were probably composed orally at first. the rhyming couplet and other rhymes used in Italian poetry (a language in which rhyming is arguably much easier than in English.S. and may have been passed on from speaker to speaker before being written. which we find in Troilus and Criseyde and The Canterbury Tales.

Renaissance drama The first great English dramatist is Marlowe. as he seeks to wrest meaning from experience. who is greatly influenced by the Italian. Metaphysical poetry The greatest of Elizabethan lyric poets is John Donne (1572-1631). A flowering of lyric poetry in the reign of Elizabeth comes with such writers as Sir Philip Sidney (1554-1586). the "lock" is a curl of the heroine's hair). The excessive and gratuitous violence of Jacobean plays leads to the clamour for closing down the theatres. Earl of Surrey (1517-1547). The major works of the time are Spenser's Faerie Queene. Sir Walter Ralegh (1552-1618).) After his wife's death. Though Dryden's work is little read today it leads to a comic parody of the epic form. Samuel Johnson in an essay of 1779. The best poetry of the mid 18th century is the comic writing of Alexander Pope (1688-1744). unsure whether to write in Latin or English. Edmund Spenser (1552-1599). Donne underwent a serious religious conversion. Sidney's Astrophil and Stella and Shakespeare's sonnets. notably The Duchess of Malfi and The White Devil by John Webster (1580-1625) and The Revenger's Tragedy by Cyril Tourneur (1575-1626). set out to write a great biblical epic. Restoration comedy . was revived and popularized by T. Marlowe's plays (Tamburlaine. Wyatt. (This name. John Dryden (1631-1700) also wrote epic poetry. John Milton (1608-1674) who was Cromwell's secretary. which Shakespeare finds so productive. The preoccupation with the big questions of love. Eliot. Pope is the best-regarded comic writer and satirist of English poetry. on classical and biblical subjects. Dr. which is enacted by parliament after the Civil war. though some pieces have literary merit. Epic poetry Long narrative poems on heroic subjects mark the best work of classical Greek (Homer's Iliad and Odyssey) and Roman (Virgil's Æneid) poetry. Andrew Marvell (1621-1678) and Henry Vaughan (1621-1695). Serious poetry of the period is well represented by the neo-classical Thomas Gray (1716-1771) whose Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard virtually perfects the elegant style favoured at the time. his Jacobean successors producing work which is rarely performed today. in an essay of 1921. Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593) and William Shakespeare (1564-1616). and who are led to think that these poets belonged to some kind of school or group . It can be unhelpful to modern students who are unfamiliar with this adjective. one of the more accessible is The Rape of the Lock (seekers of sensation should note that "rape" here has its archaic sense of "removal by force". coined by Dr. and wrote much fine devotional verse. or mock-heroic. Among his many masterpieces.S. Faustus. death and religious faith marks out Donne and his successors who are often called metaphysical poets. Before the 16th century English drama meant the amateur performances of Bible stories by craft guilds on public holidays.Tudor lyric poetry Modern lyric poetry in English begins in the early 16th century with the work of Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503- 1542) and Henry Howard. Edward II and The Jew of Malta) use the five act structure and the medium of blank verse. whose short love poems are characterized by wit and irony. The best known of the other metaphysicals are George Herbert (1593-1633). Francesco Petrarca (Petrarch) introduces the sonnet and a range of short lyrics to English. while Surrey (as he is known) develops unrhymed pentameters (or blank verse) thus inventing the verse form which will be of great use to contemporary dramatists.which is not the case. Shakespeare develops and virtually exhausts this form. but settling for the latter in Paradise Lost.

but the best drama uses the restoration conventions for a serious examination of contemporary morality. often in historically remote or exotic settings are called Gothic.On the death of Oliver Cromwell (in 1658) plays were no longer prohibited. but eventually becomes the established outlook. wrote satires in verse and prose. Its first stirrings may be seen in the work of William Blake (1757-1827). who typify. by Samuel Richardson (1689-1761): this novel takes the form of a series of letters. while the Victorians make what was at first revolutionary seem familiar. in 1798. Another writer who uses prose fiction. A play which exemplifies this well is The Country Wife by William Wycherley (1640-1716). Romanticism The rise of Romanticism A movement in philosophy but especially in literature. and in continental writers such as the Swiss philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the German playwrights Johann Christoph Friedrich Schiller and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The publication. author of Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders. by the poets William Wordsworth (1770-1850) and Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) of a volume entitled Lyrical Ballads is a significant event in English literary history. Prose fiction and the novel Jonathan Swift (1667-1745). After Shakespeare. a virtuous housemaid resists the advances of her rich employer. Novels depicting extreme behaviour. dealing with issues of sexual politics among the wealthy and the bourgeois. sometimes comically. domestic and sentimental. They are ridiculed by Austen in Northanger Abbey but include one undisputed masterpiece. Burns is perhaps the most often quoted of writers in English: we sing his Auld Lang Syne every New Year's Eve. A new kind of comic drama. Frankenstein. Later Romanticism The work of the later romantics John Keats (1795-1821) and his friend Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792- 1822. romanticism is the revolt of the senses or passions against the intellect and of the individual against the consensus. the attempts to render the speech of ordinary people are not wholly convincing. . The total number of plays performed is vast. Wordsworth becomes a kind of national monument. Robert Burns (1759 1796) writes lyric verse in the dialect of lowland Scots (a variety of English). and by an interest in remote history and exotic places. husband of Mary Shelley) is marked by an attempt to make language beautiful. Pamela. Romanticism begins as a revolt against established views. politics and law. in which a fantastic account of a series of travels is the vehicle for satirizing familiar English institutions. and many lack real merit. historical romanticism and the established. The first English novel is generally accepted to be Pamela (1740). He is best-known for the extended prose work Gulliver's Travels. arose. the novel is dominated by the two great figures of Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) and Jane Austen (1775-1817). George Gordon. urbane classical views. respectively. the new regional. Richardson's work was almost at once satirized by Henry Fielding (1707-1754) in Joseph Andrews (Joseph is depicted as the brother of Richardson's Pamela Andrews) and Tom Jones. Lord Byron (1788-1824) uses romantic themes. After Fielding. The elegant latinisms of Gray are dropped in favour of a kind of English closer to that spoken by real people (supposedly). Actually. to explain contemporary events. this time much more naturalistic. and the style developed well beyond the restoration period into the mid 18th century almost. to explore other questions of politics or economics is Daniel Defoe (1661- 1731). madness or cruelty. who eventually marries her. such as religion. This is Restoration Comedy. though the poems were poorly received and few books sold. by Mary Shelley (1797-1851).

less contemporary than those of Jane Eyre . in which we see the heroine. but their work differs greatly. Our Mutual Friend and Little Dorrit are works with which every student should be acquainted. The great novelists write works which in some ways transcend their own period. Andrea del Sarto) and representative types or caricatures (Mr. Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855) and her sisters Emily (1818-1848) and Anne (1820-1849) are understandably linked together. Later Victorian novelists After the middle of the century. after much adversity. Publication in instalments means that works are affordable for people of modest means. and self-help schemes are partly the cause and partly the result of the popularity of the novel. the variety of tone. 1835-1910). is Charles Dickens (1812-1870). Twain's Huckleberry Finn and Whitman's Leaves of Grass. adult literacy increases markedly: attempts to provide education by the state. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) and Christina Rossetti (1830-1894). and their work defies easy classification. and the poetry of Walt Whitman (1819-92) and Emily Dickinson (1830-86). and Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Emily Brontë's Wüthering Heights is a strange work. the novels of Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-64). Lord Tennyson (1809-1892) and Robert Browning (1812- 1889). who may not readily persist in reading. but there is a pattern of stresses. and has been praised for the beautiful and musical qualities of his writing. But Great Expectations. and possibly of all time. which enjoys almost cult status. notable authors being Anthony Trollope (1815-82). the use of irony and caricature create surface problems for the modern reader. Browning's chief interest is in people. 1819-80) and Thomas Hardy (1840-1928). The change in the reading public is reflected in a change in the subjects of novels: the high bourgeois world of Austen gives way to an interest in characters of humble origins. as in Old English verse syllables are not counted. Notable works include Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. the novel. The Victorian novel The rise of the popular novel In the 19th century. Hopkins' work was not well-known until very long after his death. Its concerns are more romantic. Other Victorian poets of note include Browning's wife. Melville's Moby Dick.but its themes of obsessive love and self-destructive passion have proved popular with the 20th century reader. Bleak House. with the stories of Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849). Tennyson makes extensive use of classical myth and Arthurian legend. Sludge the Medium). Wilkie Collins (1824-89). Herman Melville (1819-91). Gerard Manley Hopkins (1844-1889) is notable for his use of what he calls "sprung rhythm". Charlotte is notable for several good novels. Both are prolific and varied. as a form. becomes firmly-established: sensational or melodramatic "popular" writing is represented by Mrs. but the best novelists achieved serious critical acclaim while reaching a wide public. Henry Wood's East Lynne (1861). Among the best novels are Collins's The . The beginnings of American literature The early 19th century sees the emergence of American literature. The complexity of his best work. George Eliot (Mary Ann Evans. Dickens and the Brontës Certainly the greatest English novelist of the 19th century. William Makepeace Thackeray (1811-63).Victorian poetry The major poets of the Victorian era are Alfred. but which in detail very much explore the preoccupations of their time. among which her masterpiece is Jane Eyre. he uses blank verse in writing dramatic monologues in which the speaker achieves a kind of self-portraiture: his subjects are both historical individuals (Fra Lippo Lippi. achieve happiness on her own terms.

H. Polly being perhaps his masterpiece. their manners and speech are not objects of ridicule.G. Eliot's reputation largely rests on two long and complex works: The Waste Land (1922) and Four Quartets (1943). Yeats was Irish. is Robert Frost (1874-1963). Forster's novels include Howard's End.H. Where Yeats is prolific as a poet. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot (1888-1965). attempting to marry the insights of the new psychology with his own acute observation. Other notable writers of the early part of the century include George Bernard Shaw (1856-1950).B. Working-class characters are presented as serious and dignified. who befriended Edward Thomas before the war of 1914-1918. Eliot was born in the USA but settled in England. Forster (1879-1970). of Virginia Woolf (1882-1941). William Golding (1911-1993). Eliot's The Mill on the Floss. (Wystan . Early modern writers The late Victorian and early modern periods are spanned by two novelists of foreign birth: the American Henry James (1843-1916) and the Pole Joseph Conrad (Josef Korzeniowski. more radically modern writing is found in the novels of James Joyce (1882-1941). Eliot uses elements of conventional forms. Other notable novelists include George Orwell (1903-50). Modern literature Early 20th century poets W. Poetry in the later 20th century Between the two wars. Siegfried Sassoon (1886-1967). Thackeray's Vanity Fair. Rupert Brooke (1887-1915). Conrad's narratives may resemble adventure stories in incident and setting. Edwardian and Georgian poets. and E. language scholar and critic. the best-known is Pygmalion (even better known today in its form as the musical My Fair Lady). Lawrence is concerned to explore human relationships more profoundly than his predecessors. The Return of the Native.E.M. and Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge. Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936). Wilfred Owen (1893-1918) and Isaac Rosenberg (1890- 1918). The History of Mr. Where Joyce and Woolf challenge traditional narrative methods of viewpoint and structure. Among these are Thomas Hardy. James relates character to issues of culture and ethics. Of his many plays. 1857-1924). Lawrence (1885-1930). but explores the connection between modern themes and classical and romantic ideas. within an unconventionally structured whole in his greatest works. A.S.Moonstone.H. Nostromo and The Secret Agent. but his real concern is with issues of character and morality. Edward Thomas (1878-1917). and took UK citizenship in 1927. Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Jude the Obscure. A Room with a View and A Passage to India. but his best novels explore serious social and cultural themes. Wells (1866-1946). Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966). The best of their work would include James's The Portrait of a Lady and Conrad's Heart of Darkness. Wells is celebrated as a popularizer of science. a revival of romanticism in poetry is associated with the work of W. Shaw was an essay-writer. (William Butler) Yeats (1865-1939) is one of two figures who dominate modern poetry. Adam Bede and Middlemarch. Joyce and Woolf Where these writers show continuity with the Victorian tradition of the novel. but his style can be opaque. Housman (1859-1936). The work of these two has overshadowed the work of the best late Victorian. Yeats uses conventional lyric forms. but is best-remembered as a playwright. the other being T. Graham Greene (1904-1991) and the 1983 Nobel prize-winner. some of whom came to prominence during the First World War. The most celebrated modern American poet. and of D.

alternating from extreme simplicity to massive overstatement. R.uk/armoore/lit/history. (source teachit. 1939). Ted Hughes (1930-1998) and the 1995 Nobel laureate Seamus Heaney (b. Thomas (1913-2000). but is almost too contemporary to see in perspective.S. The Welsh poet. evaluation is even more difficult. Dylan Thomas (1914-53) is notable for strange effects of language. Of poets who have achieved celebrity in the second half of the century. Thom Gunn (1929-2004). Louis MacNeice (1907-63) and Cecil Day-Lewis (1904-72).htm) Neena Sairam at 3:26 AM 1 comment: Periods of English Literature PERIODS OF BRITISH LITERATURE 450-1066 : Old English (or Anglo-Saxon) Period 1066-1500 : Middle English Period 1500-1660 : The Renaissance                      •1558-1603 : Elizabethan Age                      •1603-1625 : Jacobean Age                      •1625-1649 : Caroline Age                      •1649-1660 : Commonwealth Period (or Puritan Interregnum) 1660-1785 : The Neoclassical Period                     •1660-1700 : The Restoration                     •1700-1745 : The Augustan Age (or Age of Pope)                     •1745-1785 : The Age of Sensibility (or Age of Johnson) 1785-1830 : The Romantic Period 1832-1901 : The Victorian Period                     •1848-1860 : The Pre-Raphaelites                     •1880-1901 : Aestheticism and Decadence 1901-1914 : The Edwardian Period 1910-1936 : The Georgian Period 1914-1945 : The Modern Period 1945-present : Postmodern Period Neena Sairam at 12:01 AM 3 comments: ‹ Home View web version . but writers of note include the American Robert Lowell (1917-77).Hugh) Auden (1907-73).co. Philip Larkin (1922-1985). Auden seems to be a major figure on the poetic landscape.

.I am Neena .... my Grand Father but then too I believe in my philosophy WHEN YOU JUDGE ME YOU DEFINE YOURSELF NOT ME... I have my own world just like this Land Of Dreams where it is me who lives those beautiful dreams which only my heart can feel but for the rest of the world........ sometimes moody. My features are unique.. a failure in the eyes of my family...sharp thoughts.....needs no motivation.... . stubborn.. No one looks exactly like me............. View my complete profile Powered by Blogger.......About Me Neena Sairam I am sensitive.pessimistic. I have my own angels blushing for me...easily angered.