Water Jubail - Sea Water Cooling


The Seawater cooling system in JUBAIL is a vital utility service which provides
uninterrupted supply of seawater for non-contact process cooling to the primary
industries of JUBAIL Industrial City.

The Seawater cooling facility consists of two adjacently located pumping stations
near the seashore and a distribution canal connected to the customers through
arrays of underground lateral pipes. Seawater pumped into the distribution canal
flows by gravity to the customers and the return water flows by gravity back to the

Seawater drawn from the Arabian Gulf through dredged intake channels passes
through coarse trash screens and fine trash screens at the pump stations and is
chlorinated before it is pumped into the distribution canal.

The two pumping stations have fourteen pumps installed in each. The total installed
capacity of the pumping stations is 346 cubic meters per second (29.9million cubic
meters per day).

Chlorination plants attached to the two pump stations generate Sodium
Hypochlorite which is used for disinfecting the seawater pumped into the canal by
continuous dosing and shock dosing in order to control marine fouling.

Seawater from the pump stations is conveyed to the customers through the canal
system which is about twelve KM long, stretching east west and north south within
the Industrial City. The canals are generally trapezoidal in cross section, and divided
into three compartments by vertical concrete walls. The north and east
compartments are only for supply and the south and west compartments are only
for return flow. The middle one is normally used as an additional supply
compartment but can be used for return flow if required.

The on-shore canal has four sections (Canal 1, 2, 3S and 3N) interconnected by
inverted siphons. Seawater is supplied to the customers and returned to the canals
through underground concrete/FRP lateral pipes emanating from dedicated off
take/return structures located along the vertical dividing walls of the canal. Sluice
gates installed at these structures provide the flexibility to connect the lateral pipes
to either of the adjacent compartments.

Return water is discharged to the harbor through another set of inverted siphons,
on-shore Discharge Channels, the outfall and a dredged discharge channel.

The seawater intake and discharge are separated by the causeway to the Industrial port which serves as a barrier between the two and eliminates the possibility of recirculation. The pumping stations and distribution facilities are connected to the Central Control Room through DCS and SCADA system. . each capable of taking the full load. The pumping stations and distribution system are provided with Cathodic Protection to minimize corrosion. by constructing a pump station at the west end of Canal 2 and through a network of pressurized pipes. The seawater cooling facility will be extended to the new industrial city Jubail 2. Power supply for the pumping stations is provided by SEC through two sets of 115 KV feeder lines.