# When sizing a water storage tank for exclusive fire protection use, and fed by a fire pump, should

the tank be sized on 150% of pumps rated capacity (at the req'd duration)or just the fire sprinkler
demand + inside hose?
Fire sprinkler demand + inside hose x duration= tank capacity. If u have any dry pipe or preaction
system then as per NFPA 13 u have to add the gpm required to fill the systems for your total gpm
for the tank.
If you have standpipes per NFPA 14, you have to consider the flow/duration for those - if it
exceeds what the sprinklers require.
It is my opinion that the water tank is to be sized for the greatest demand. If you have hydrants,
that is often your greatest demand. Second is usually standpipes, followed by sprinklers. If you
have a pump taking suction from the tank, you want to be sure you have enough water in the
tank to be able to complete the pump test.

Travis, so what do you think in this case - make the tank able to supply 30 minutes at 150%
capacity + 30 minutes at 100% capacity and compare that with the sprinkler + hose demand at
60 minutes and see which is greater?

1500 gpm pump @ 150% = 2250 gallons X 30 minutes = 67,500 gallons

+

1500 gpm pump @ 100% x 30 minutes = 45,000 gallons
---------------------------------
= 112,500 gallons

compared to sprinkler demand (+ hose stations inside) = 1,642 gpm X 60 minutes = 98,520
gallons

Of course the pump test durations were just arbitrary - not that anyone is going to need the
pump running at 150% for 30 minutes to test it... but it would be embarassing to run out of water
for the pump test and the above seems to dictate at least a 100,000 gallon tank.

I'm late to the party but I have a question: What is the fire flow? Travis stated this, but sprinkler
demand is not the same as firefighting water demand, and that's the question in my arena.

Travis answered it, and the original poster neglected to even raise the question.

Without all the facts this is not a simple question. We don't know if this a community fire pump, a
building fire pump, a campus fire pump or what the heck you are trying to protect. Tell me what is
Stookey, pump & tank are for fire sprinklers and inside hose stations- exclusively. No hydrants, no
domestic, no nothing - but fire sprinklers.
I don't see why you would need to run the fire pump for 30 minutes at 150% and 30 minutes at
100%. It looks like your sprinkler demand is going to be the driving force.

Does this tank have an automatic float for refill. You can even use that to reduce the size of the
tank if needed.
Oremus,

I stand corrected. I should have read the question more closely.
NFPA 851/850 (protection for power plants) states that the design water capacity of the system
should able to be refilled in 8hrs or less, is there a similar requirement for just sprinkler-internal
hose systems water tanks as per Oremus case?