What is energy?

Scientists define energy as the ability to do work. Modern civilization is possible
because people have learned how to change energy from one form to another and then
use it to do work. We use energy to move cars along roads and boats through water, to
cook food on stoves, to make ice in freezers, and to light our homes.

Forms of energy
Many forms of energy exist, but they all fall into two basic categories:

 Potential energy

 Kinetic energy

Potential energy Kinetic energy

Potential energy is stored energy and the Kinetic energy is the motion of waves,
energy of position. electrons, atoms, molecules, substances,
and objects.

Chemical energy is energy stored in Radiant energy is electromagnetic
the bonds of atoms and molecules. energy that travels in transverse waves.
Batteries, biomass, petroleum, natural Radiant energy includes visible light, x-
gas, and coal are examples of chemical rays, gamma rays, and radio waves. Light
energy. Chemical energy is converted to is one type of radiant energy. Sunshine is
thermal energy when people burn wood radiant energy, which provides the fuel
in a fireplace or burn gasoline in a car's and warmth that make life on earth
engine. possible.

Mechanical energy is energy stored Thermal energy, or heat, is the
in objects by tension. Compressed energy that comes from the movement of
springs and stretched rubber bands are atoms and molecules in a substance.
examples of stored mechanical energy. Heat increases with increases in the
speed that these particles move.
Nuclear energy is energy stored in Geothermal energy is the thermal energy
the nucleus of an atom—the energy that in the earth.
holds the nucleus together. Large
amounts of energy can be released when Motion energy is energy stored in the

energy at once in an uncontrolled instant. and stored in an object's height. The faster they move. The energy is transferred through the substance in a wave. the gravitational total stop and releases all of its motion energy is converting to motion energy.the nuclei are combined or split apart. It takes Gravitational energy is energy energy to get an object moving. Typically. Electrical energy is delivered by tiny charged particles called electrons. Sound is produced when a force causes an object or substance to vibrate. where gravity forces Sound is the movement of energy water down through a hydroelectric through substances in longitudinal turbine to produce electricity. (compression/rarefaction) waves. typically moving through a wire. the more down. A dramatic example of motion person rides a bicycle down a steep hill energy is a car crash—a car comes to a and picks up speed. movement of objects. Wind is an example of motion gravitational energy is stored. the more energy is stored. The higher energy is released when an object slows and heavier the object. . When a energy. Hydropower is another example of gravitational energy. the energy in sound is smaller than in other forms of energy. Lightning is an example of electrical energy in nature.