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CONOCIMIENTO CON COMPRENSIÓN –SELECCIÓN MULTIPLE CON ÚNICA RESPUESTA
1. If the net work done on a particle is zero, which of the 2. If the speed of a particle is doubled, what happens to its kinetic
following statements must be true? energy?
a. The velocity is zero. a. It becomes four times larger
b. The velocity is decreased. b. It becomes two times larger
c. The velocity is unchanged. c. It becomes √ 2 times larger
d. The speed is unchanged. d. It is unchanged
3. A block of mass m is dropped from the fourth floor of an 4. A truck driver is trying to push a loaded truck with an applied
office building, subsequently hitting the sidewalk at force. Unfortunately, his attempt was unsuccessful the truck
speed v. From what floor should the mass be dropped to stays stationary no matter how hard the driver pushes. How
double that impact speed? much work is done by the driver?
a. the sixth floor a. F*d
b. the eighth floor b. –F*d
c. the tenth floor f
d. the twelfth floor c.
d
e. the sixteenth floor d. d/ F
e. 0
5. Is it possible for the kinetic energy of an object to be 6. What was the total work done on you by all the forces in the
negative? universe between the time just before you awoke this morning
a. Yes and right now?
b. No a. Don't have a clue
c. Depending on the reference frame b. Greater than zero
d. Depending on the direction of the velocity c. Zero
d. Can not be calculated
7. You and your friend both solve a problem involving a 8. An object is thrown straight up. Which of the following is
skier going down a slope, starting from rest. The two of true about the sign of work done by the gravitational force
you have chosen different levels for y = 0 in this while the object moves up and then down?
problem. Which of the following quantities will you a. Work is positive on the way up, work is positive on the
and your friend agree on? 1) skier’s PE 2) skier’s way down
change in PE 3) skier’s final KE b. Work is negative on the way up, work is negative on the
a. only 2 way down
b. only 3 c. Work is negative on the way up, work is positive on the
c. 1, 2 and 3 way down
d. only 1 and 3 d. Work is positive on the way up, work is negative on the
e. only 2 and 3 way down
e. Work is zero the way up, work is zero on the way down
9. You push a heavy crate down a ramp at a constant 10. A mass attached to a vertical spring causes the spring to
velocity. Only four forces act on the crate. Which force stretch and the mass to move downwards. What can you say
does the greatest magnitude of work on the crate? about the spring’s potential energy (PEEL) and the
a. The force of friction. gravitational potential energy (PEG) of the mass?
b. The force of gravity a. both PEEL and PEG decrease
c. The normal force b. PEEL increases and PEG decreases
d. The force of you pushing c. both PEEL and PEG increase
e. The net force. d. PEEL decreases and PEG increases
e. PEEL increases and PEG is constant
11. A spacecraft moves around Earth in a circular orbit 12. The work required to accelerate an object on a frictionless
with a constant radius. How much work is done by the surface from a speed v to a speed 2v is
gravitational force on the spacecraft during one a. equal to the work required to accelerate the object from
revolution? v=0 to v
a. FG*d b. twice the work required to accelerate the object from
b. –FG*d v=0 to v
c. zero c. three times the work required to accelerate the object
d. mgh from v=0 to v
e. ½ mv2 d. four times the work required to accelerate the object
from 2v to 3v

. the child is again momentarily at rest at the top of the jump. calculate the speed of the child at x=0 d. Mayor 1______ 2______ 3______ 4______ 5______ 6______ Menor 2. the final kinetic energies of the sliding masses the instant before they reach the bottom of the incline. a. Assuming that the combined mass of child and pogo stick is 25. MANEJO DE LA INFORMACIÓN Y RESOLUCIÓN DE PROBLEMAS 1. A peg is located a distance h directly below the point of attachment of the cord. At position A (x1=-0. A ball is attached to a horizontal cord of length l whose other end is fixed. e. obtain the child’s maximum upward speed. All surfaces are frictionless. At position C. calculate the total energy of the system if both potential energies are zero at x=0 b.50× 104 . determine x2 c. not known without knowledge of the acceleration.100m). At position B (x=0m). in order from greatest to least. If h = 0. A child’s pogo stick stores energy in a spring k =2. If the ball is released.0 kg a. what will be its speed at the lowest point of its path? b.80l. All mases start from rest. Rank. the spring m compression is a maximum and the child is momentarily at rest. determine the value of x for which the kinetic energy of the system is a maximum e. the spring is relaxed and the child is moving upward. what will be the speed of the ball when it reaches the top of its circular path about the peg?  N 3.

3 25. donde la fuerza de resistencia de aire era de 4 N. Calcule k e.2 11.25 17. b.45 a.11 Pistola 5 0.5 kg hasta el gatillo.08 1. Así mismo. se midió la distancia horizontal que la bala recorría después de ser expulsada por la bala.75 Pistola 4 0.71 Pistola 3 0. Los resultados y el diseño experimental se muestran a continuación: Distancia que se Distancia que extendió la bala recorrió la bala (m) despues de ser expulsada (m) Pistola 1 0.1 2. Para calcular la constante de elasticidad de un resorte.HABILIDADES EXPERIMENTALES Y DE INVESTIGACIÓN 1. ¿Cuál es el sustento físico de este experimento? ¿Cómo contribuyen los datos al objetivo? d. Mencione tres errores experimentales . ¿Cuál es la variable dependiente en la gráfica? ¿La independiente? ¿Cómo lo sabe? c.01 Pistola 6 0. Mencione tres conclusiones que saca del experimento f. Mencione tres cosas que le hacen falta a la gráfica de resultados.05 0.84 Pistola 2 0. se usó un diseño experimental que consistía en introducir el resorte en pistolas de juguete con longitud diferente las cuales extendían la bala de 0.