Urdu qadardaanoN ko to eh maaloom hoga keh har ghazal mein 5 cheezon ka hona

zaroori hota hai ghazal kehlaane keliye: maqta, matla, bahr, kaafiya aur radeef.

Mera sawaal yeh hai ke aap mein se baraae-meherbaani aik qat'an jawaab dede ke
in mein radeef kawnsa hissa hai, aur qaafiya kawnsa kyonke main ne mukhtalif
logon se mukhtaalif definitions sunne hain..aur ab bilkal hi pareshaan hoon!

example:

Chupke chupke raat din aansoo bahaana yaad hai

Hum ko ab tak aashiqui ka woh zamaana yaad hai

Iss shair mein, 'yaad hai' qaafiya hai ya radeef hai?

Ans…….

Radeef is the word/phrase that is repeated at the end of the second line in every
shair. In your example, it'd be "yaad hai."

Both lines of the very first sher (matla), usually end in the same radeef.

Qaafia is the pattern of word(s) that rhyme and come just before the radeef in the
second line of a sher. i.e. zamaanaa, dabaanaa, lagaanaa

chupkay chupkay raat din aansu bahaana yaad hai

ham ko ab tak aashqi ka wo zamaanaa yaad hai

baahzaaraan iztiraab-o-sadhzaaraan ishtiyaaq

tujhsay wo pahlay pahal dil kaa lagaanaa yaad hai

tujhsay miltay hi wo baybaak ho jaanaa meraa

aur teraa daanton main wo ungli dabaanaa yaad hai

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

'behar'. Thus. Thus.This definition is based on a defintion of Gazal by Dr. Behar (be-huhr) . Radeef (ra-dee-f) . a Gazal is a collection of two-lined poem called sher. a Gazal is a collection of 'ashaar' (plural of sher) which are complete in themselves and each may deal with topics/ subjects completely unrelated to each other. . ending with the same radeef and having the same qafiya. So to know what a Gazal is.short. This can loosely thought of as the length of the sher.a two line poem. Arshad Jamal from the book Aaina-e-Gazal) Gazal is a collection of 'sher' which follow the rules of 'matla'. In simple terms. Both the lines of a sher MUST be of the same 'behar' or 'metre'. all the ashaar of a Gazal MUST be the same behar. medium and long.the rhyming pattern of the word(s) just before the radeef in the second line of a sher. followed even in the absence of other rules. they are divided into three categories . 'qafiya' and 'radeef'. This is a deceptive definition as it does not convey the complexity of thought that can be conveyed in two lines. having the same behar. This is a necessary requirment. it's necessary to know what these terms mean.behar is the metre of the poem. There are 19 different metres that are used. Each is a "complete" poem in itself. Qafiya (qaa-fee-yaa) . It stands by itself and can be quoted as such. The SAME word(s) are repeated. 'maqta'. Sher (shey-r) . and often is.word or phrase that is repeated at the end of the second line in EVERY sher. Also.

It is the last sher of the Gazal.This is the first sher of a Gazal. The sher in which the taKhallus is included is called the maqta. .A shaayar (poet) usually had a pen-name under which he wrote.Matla (muh-ta-laa) . Usually a Gazal has only one matla. The pen-name is called 'taKhallus' (takh-ul-lus). and both lines of the sher must end in the radeef. Maqta (mak-taa) . then the second matla is called 'matla-e-saani'. If a Gazal has more than one matla.