CL 309

Tutorial 1 Date: 16-Jan-2017
Problem 1: Process Calculation: Write short answers for the following questions
a. Convert the density of 1000 kg/m3 to lbm/ft3
b. Suppose that it is known that the composition C varies with time t in the following manner:C=0.03 exp(-
2/t), where C [=] (has units of) kg/L and t [=] s. What are the units associated with 0.03 and 2.00?
c. A mixture contains three components, component A 10 kg, B 30 kg, C 80 kg. Find the mass fraction of
each component
d. Component A enters the reactor at a rate of 80 mol/h and leaves the reactor at 30 mol/h. What is the
fractional conversion of component A.
e. Find number of moles of 36 kg of water (Molecular weight of water is 18)

Problem 2: Nitrogen gas and hydrogen gas are fed to a reactor in stoichiometric quantities that reacts to form
ammonia. The conversion of nitrogen to ammonia is 25%. Suppose that the nitrogen stream has 0.2% argon
as an impurity. If we do only recycling, then Ar concentration will build up and eventually shut down the
reaction. To avoid this, we purge a portion of the recycle stream so that the level of Ar in the recycle stream
is maintained at 7.0%. Draw the process flow sheet and perform Degree of Freedom. How much nitrogen
is required to make 100t/day of ammonia? What is the flow rate of the recycle stream? What is the flow rate
of purge stream?

Problem 3: Consider a process in which freshly mined ore is to be cleaned so that later processing units are
not contaminated with dirt. 3000 kg/h of dirty ore is dumped into a large washer, in which water is allow to
soak the ore on its way to a drain at the bottom of the unit. The amount dirt remaining on the ore after this
process is negligible, but water remains absorbed on the ore surface such that the net mass flow rate of the
cleaned ore is 3100kg/h. The dirty water is cleaned in a settler, which is able to remove 90% of the dirt in the
stream without removing significant amount of water. The cleaned stream is then combined with a fresh water
stream before re-entering the washer . The wet, clean ore enters a dryer, in which all of the water is removed.
Dry ore is removed from at 2900kg/h. Draw the process flow sheet with all the necessary labelling.
Calculate the necessary mass flow rate of the water to achieve this removal at steady state. Suppose the
solubility of dirt in water is 0.4g dirt/ cm3 H2O. Assuming that the water leaving the washer is saturated with
dirt, calculate the mass fraction of dirt in the stream that’s enters the washer (after is has been mixed with the
fresh water stream.

Problem 4: A kettle used to boil water containing 2 litres of water at 25 oC. Find the time at which water
begins to boil if the kettle is placed on an electric heater (Q=1950 J/s).