# CHE150-1L Chemical Engineering Laboratory 1

2nd Quarter SY 2016-2017

FLOW RATE (ROTAMETER)

Ayson, Jose Paolo L.
Student, School of ChE-CHM, Mapúa Institute of Technology

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION corresponds to the rotameter reading, increases
in this experiment. The reason behind this trend
The objective of this experiment is to present a will be further discussed in the preceding part of
calibration curve for the rotameter using the this discussion. One of the objectives of this
calculated mass flow rate obtained from the data experiment is to generate a calibration curve for
gathered and explain the relationships and the rotameter. This objective was met by
indications behind the curve. As stated in the calculating the mass flow rate by dividing the
methodology, volumetric flow rates were mass with the time obtained and the knob
obtained by measuring the volume using a opening. Table 1.2 shows the calculated flow
graduated cylinder while noting the time it takes rate obtained and the average flow rate.
to reach a desired volume using a stopwatch.
The mass flow rate is then obtained using the Table 1.2. Calculated Mass Flow Rates
density of the fluid used; in this experiment Knob Trial 1 Trial 2 Average
water was used, at the measured temperature. opening (g/s) (g/s) (g/s)
Table 1.1 presents the calculated mass and time 30 4.112 4.048 4.080
needed per trial. 37.5 9.695 8.722 9.208
45 17.606 13.714 15.660
Table 1.1. Calculated Mass and Time needed. 52.5 25.836 21.204 23.520
Knob Trial 1 (T=29.8C) Trial 2 (T=30C) 60 31.560 27.128 29.344
opening Mass(g) Time(s) Mass Time
67.5 33.870 32.019 32.944
30 41.81982 10.17 41.8173 10.3
75 35.421 35.217 35.319
3
37.5 95.58816 9.86 88.61285 10.1 82.5 35.672 36.780 36.226
6 90 36.583 37.106 36.845
45 179.2278 10.18 72.68245 5.3
52.5 272.8245 10.56 68.69985 3.24
4
60 327.5885 10.38 93.5911 3.45
9
67.5 347.5027 10.26 72.68245 2.27
9
75 358.4556 10.12 80.64765 2.29
82.5 367.4169 10.3 98.56935 2.68
9
90 379.3655 10.37 80.14982 2.16
1 5

As shown in Table 1.1, the mass of water
increases as the knob opening, which
Page 1

and application.59x + 20. Straight runs of pipe as with a magnetic or turbine flow meter are not problems. simple the fluid should also be considered since it can construction and minimal or constant pressure add force to the float. which is directly proportional. Rotameter must have Mass Flow Rate linear curve. The mass flow rate was calculated generating a curve. Lastly. Addition of forces means drop resulting in low pressure costs. and nonvisibility of plummet in Rotameter has advantages in terms of utilization opaque liquids. the coefficient of determination is close to 1 which CONCLUSION indicates that the graph is at good fit and has In this experiment. Also. it can be installed in areas without power since it only requires the properties of the fluid and gravity to measure REFERENCES flow. However. been calibrated. 80 f(x) = 1. mass flow rate and knob minimal errors. temperature. Hence.59 scale of a rotameter is linear which means that 60 the flow rate can be read with the same degree R² = 0. It results to unstationary the disadvantages are it must be installed plummet that greatly affects the flow rate of the vertically. Then.FLOW RATE (ROTAMETER) flammable areas.and y-axis of the curve The position of the plummet is important in respectively. So. opening served as the x. it has a positive slope but is not quite linear which is unusual to the rotameter. Nevertheless. The curve represents the relationship experiment is an ion exchanger which is under of the mass flow rate and rotameter reading repair. stabilizing the position of Rotameter has advantages and disadvantages. the equipment used may have contributed in obtaining errors since it may have malfunctioned during the performance of the Figure 5 shows the calibration curve of the experiment. The system must be in by dividing the mass of water into the time equilibrium wherein the pressure drop thrusts needed. the plummet must be done initially. unbalancing the system. It can also be installed in Calibration Curve for Rotameter standard fittings to existing piping or through a 100 panel. the drag force and apparent weight of the The output showed a non-straight curve which plummet. The calibration curve for rotameter upward and balances the downward which are should be linear or should form a straight line. 0 20 Major error of this experiment is the linearity of 0 40 the calibration curve. the flow rate. different from the output of this experiment. limited capabilities for it must have fluid which in this case is water (Balachandran. the plummet settled indicates that there are errors in performing the in a stable position and can be calibrated with experiment. Viscosity of The advantages are easy installation. One. One of the possible errors is inaccuracy in measuring the volume and Figure 5.92 Knob opening (rotameter) 40 of accuracy throughout the full range. As shown. ensuring that the equipment is explosion proof is not the main concern in Chemical Engineering Laboratory 1 Page 2 . With this system. sensitivity in pressure and 2011). The equipment used for this rotameter. Calibration Curve for Rotameter mistiming. the 20 pressure loss is minimal or nearly constant results in reduced pumping costs.

17 42 10.3 52.27 Limited.globalw. Smith. 2016.8C) Trial 2 (T=30C) AVERAGE MASS FLOW RATE openin V(ml) t(s) V(ml) t(s) g g g 4.38 94 3. Okiishi.5 349 10.71 g 0.5 96 9. 75 360 10. P. SAMPLE COMPUTATIONS (Trial 1 @ 30 Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering.33 s s g 37. & Harriott. Chemical 90 381 10.11207 + 4.. P.81982 g Young. Retrieved May 16. (2005).. J. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private 67. Engineering Fluid 60 329 10.18 73 5.5 369 10.080109 2 s 45 180 10.com/support/rotameter.24 Chemical Engineering Laboratory 1 Page 3 . Munson.3 99 2.16 Engineering Laboratory Manual.68 Gutierrez. (n.86 89 10.). (2006). A L Brief Introduction To Fluid Mechanics.5 274 10. Inc.16 =4.45 Mechanics. (2011). (2011).5 2. from Global Water: A Xylem Brand: MASS http://www.56 69 3.81982 g ÷ 10.29 82.17 s=4. Density : 995.8 C Rotameters.12 81 2.. R.26 73 2.html 995.11207 RAW DATA s Knob Trial 1 (T=29. & Ngo. Knob opening): McGraw-Hill Asia. MASS FLOW RATE APPENDIX g 41.d.37 80. C.042 L x =41.04814 30 42 10.71 g/L @ 29. John Wiley and Sons. Mccabe. & Huebsch.FLOW RATE (ROTAMETER) Balachandran. W.