# Chapter VI

Reynold’s
Flow Regime Trial Time (sec) Velocity (m/s)
Number

Laminar 1 825 0.0107 126.9191

2 819 .0108 128.1053

Transition 1 47 .1881 2231.4798

2 43 .2056 2439.0593

Turbulent 1 25 .3537 4195.1820

2 22 .4019 4767.1761

DATA AND RESULTS

Table No. 1

Chapter VII
Discussion or Interpretation of Results

The experiment was carried out to reproduce the classical experiment conducted by

Osborne Reynolds concerning fluid flow conditions and to observe the laminar, transition and

turbulent velocity profile as related to Reynold’s Number. Thus, these objectives were

performed well having known and learned the behavior of the flow and also calculated the range

for the laminar, transitional and turbulent flow. The experiment was carried out by using

Osborne Reynolds apparatus. Moreover, it is necessary to know the differences between laminar,

turbulent and transition flow before one is about to conduct this experiment.

the dye streak almost immediately becomes blurred and spreads across the entire pipe in a random fashion. On the succeeding readings. an important precaution for everyone doing the experiment was . the Reynolds number for laminar flow is <2000 whereas for transition flow 2000< Re <2500. Then. there must be an equal flow going in and out the pipe. But the transition flow didn’t achieve the theoretical value due to some errors. it is defined as a highly ordered fluid motion with smooth streamlines. the dye seem not to be visible. a results satisfying the facts about the three types of flow was obtained. Under this condition. it will affect the flow rate calculation. We performed the trial thrice for the 1 st reading was 2449. As much as possible. Furthermore. in and out. The experiment should be set up perfectly to get accurate data. Most importantly. Under this condition. Whereas transition flow is known as a flow that contains both laminar and turbulent regions. they were smoothly executed and the results corresponds to the theoretical values. a more fulfilling values were obtained which are 4195. Turbulent flow denotes an unsteady flow condition where streamlines interacting causing shear plane collapse thus mixing of the fluid. For turbulent flow is Reynolds number is >2500. turbulent flow which is the type of flow in which the particles move in a zigzag pattern is known as the turbulent flow. Lastly.1761. the 1 st reading was 126.0593. the dye will remain easily identifiable as a solid core.9191 followed by 2nd reading of 128. Because of the fast velocity. For the Laminar flow. On these two flows. respectively. the 1 st reading and 2nd reading for turbulent flow was 2231.1053.890 which is outside the limitation for transition. The water flow. should be controlled and remained constant. As for laminar flow. Because a minor error in recording the time.1820 and 4767. time should be measured accurately because it is used to calculated flow rate of water. Based on the results obtained from conducting the experiment of two trials for each flow. On the other hand. respectively.4798 and 2439.

An identification of the flow correctly will avoid major error classifying the flow pattern.their observation. especially on the part of performing the transition flow. The observation must be correct when looking at the dye. .