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fctzilo,rll DETACHABLE

OOOOOG6

CIVIL ENGINEERING

Paper I

·~ Time Allowed : Three Hours 1· Maximum Marks : 200 I

QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS

**. Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions.
**

There are ;EIGHT questions in all, out of which FIVE are to be attempted.

Question No. 1 and 5 are compulsory. Out of the remaining SIX questions, THREE are to be

attempted selecting at least ONE question from each of the two Sections A and B.

**Attempts of questions shall be counted in sequential order. Unless struck .off, attempt of a
**

question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the

Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off. ·· . ·

All questions carry equal marks. The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated

against it.

Answers must be written in ENGLISH only.

Unless otherwise mentioned, symbols and notations have their usual standard meanings. ·

Assume suitable data, if necessary and indicate the same clearly.

Neat sketches may be drawn, wherever required.

1 c-geq.-o-dwfa

www.examrace.com

> D E 6kN Sm A 3kN. 4 1.m. B.1000 mm --.(a)(i) chi nge i 3m t --. W/m~ l 8 l c At t fDDD.examrace..( a)(ii) w. BC and CD and show the thrust acting on the supports A.C>>t<l<f. 8 c-geq-o-dwfa 2 www. 600 mm ~ A member ABCD is subjected to concentrated loads as shown. C and D.com . 4 l. 12 212 * 2 * 3 * 3 * 1. w. 8m 8 1 Find the support reactions at A and B of the structure shown in figure.DD<'ODAOQDODc-t D ~~ I. Calculate (i) the force P necessary for equilibrium and (ii) total elongation of the bar.. The value of Young's modulus of Elasticity is given as 2 x 105 N/mm2.1000 mm --~*!---.(b) 2400mm 2 600mm 2 1200 mm' ~p ~ 150kN 600kN 300kN A B c D I E . ~ Draw the free body diagram for the spans AB. SECTION 'A' l. The structure has an internal hinge at C..

Use the following data : Coefficient of friction between duct and cable 0·55 Friction coefficient for wave effect = 0·0015 per m Slip at the Jacking end = 3 mm Modulus of Elasticity of cable wires (Es)' = 210 kNfmm2.com . Determine the distance 'a' between bars A and B in order that the rigid beam will remain horizontal when a load 'F' is applied at its mid-point The value of length is given within the parenthesis. It carries a uniformly distributed load of 25 kN/m over its left half span and a concentrated load of 140 kN at 6 m from the right end. supported on concrete pedestal made of M 20 grade concrete.examrace. the normal thrust and radial shear at a section at a distance of 5 m from the left end.(a) A three hinged parabolic arch has a span of 24 m and rise of 6 m.5 MPa. If the column is subjected to factored axial compressive load of 1600 kN. I. Band C having the same axial rigidity EA support a horizontal rigid beam ABC as shown in figure. Also.(b) A propped cantilever beam has a uniform cross-section and span 'L' carries a single concentr!lted load 'W' at a distance 'x' from the built-in-end.( e) A post tensioned cable of beam 10 m long is initially tensioned to a stress of 1100 MPa. 8 2. 10 2.( d) A slab base for a steel column of ISHB 3 50 consists of steel plate 420 x 420 x 25 mm.. The tendons used arc of 600 mm2 in cross-section and arc curved so that the slope is 1 in 24 at each end. check the adequacy of the slab base provided. Calculate the loss' of prestress due to friction and slip. ratio of the load at collapse when the both ends are built-in. 15 3 c-geq-o-dwfa www.J r 2 F Three steel bars A. Take the bearing strength of concrete as 9.( c) Lf"' \ ""P' Lf"' (4b ) (3h) (2b) a A B c I L I 2 . 8 I. Find the. For ISHB 350 : Flange width (by) = 250 mm Yield strength (fy) = 250 MPa Yield strength of steel (fy) =· 250 MPa Partial safety factor (y100) = 1·1 8 1. find the increased p .. when the - section subjected to a plastic moment M . I . Calculate the bending moment. collapse load 'w.

If the maximum allowable stress in the shaft rriaterial."' 225 ----------u . 10 3.2. '' .9 oE.(c) A laterally supported steel beam of effective span 5 m consists of ISLB 325.com ..m. 15 3. all the three beams having the same weight and having a.I .l"' X ·IE---125'----·~~'.( c) The internal diameter of a steel shaft is 65% of external diameter..· 1'. mm. The beam is subjected to maximum bending moment of 150 kNm and maximum shear.(a) Compare the bending strength of three beams one having a square cross-section. r. force of 200 kN.. The Properties of ISLB 325 Depth of section (h) = 325 mm Width of flange (bF) 165 mm Thickness of flange (tF) 9·8 mm Thickness of web (tw) 7·0 mm Radius at the root (r 1) 16 mm Elastic section modulus (z0 . 12.. Find also the maximum twist of the shaft when it is stressed to the maximum permissible value. ' u----------.5:•• i .I .p. Calculate also the product of inertia lxY· The dimensions are in :min. The length of the shaft is 3·8 m. 10 3.' /I '112·5 X' I 250 . cross-sectional area of 95000 sq.- ' '' '.. is 50 N/mm2. '. ) 607·70 X 1Q3 Plastic section modulus (zp....-J' J. 1"---''------..'. each.. calculate the diameter of the shaft..(b) . Check the safety of the beam from the point of 'Bending Strength'.examrace. 'v y• Determine the moment of inertia of an ISMB 250 section as shown in figure about the axes x'x' and y'y' are inclined· to an angle 30° the axis of symmetry.---.~ ( ' o '' ' ' ' I ' ' ' ' . The shaft is to transmit 3600 KW at 210 r.3_J.' ~ 6.) 687·76 X 1Q3 Section classification Plastic Yield strength (fy) 250 MPa Partial safety factor (Yrno) 1·1 10 c-geq-o-dwfa 4 www.'' ' .:. a rectangular section (with depth is twice the width) and a circular cross-section. Take· G = 80 MPa.

Crane capacity = 200 kN Self wt. of crane girder (Excluding trolley) 200 kN Self wt. of gantry girder 2 kN/m Properties of sections used Property Unit ISWB 600 ISMC300 • CIS Area (A) nun2 17038 4564 • Flange thickness (tp) nun 21·3 13·6 • Web thickness (tw) mm 11·2 7·6 • Flange width(bp) mm 250 90 • Moment of Inertia (lJ nun4 )06198·5 X 104 6362·6 X 104 • radius @ root (r) nun 17 - ··cyy nun . of rail section == 300 N/m Diameter of crane wheel = 150 nun Self wt.com . The grade. The crane supported by the gantry is hand operated. Assume the cross-section of gantry is 'plastic' from the point of section classification. RC column has the load-moment interaction curve as shown in figure.~----~------------------------ ------------------ 3. 10 4. has the cross-section shown in figure. Check the cross-section safety under the bending due to both vertical and lateral loads. Assume 10% impact due to vertical moving loads. If the 0·8 P. is subjected to a load of 1200 kN at an eccentricity 'e' with 'respect to the major axis of bending. of trolley = 40 kN Minimum approach of crane hook = 1·2 m Wheel base = 3-5m Span of crane 16m Self wt.(d) An RC column consists of cross- section 300 x 500 nun. The lateral loads due to crane operation may be taken as 5% of the maximum static wheel load (MSW). determine the maximum 0·2 ------------ eccentricity 'e' with respect 'to the 0·06 major axis of bending at which the load of 1200 kN can be applied safely. Steel used is of Fe 410 grade. 23·6 Moment of Inertia (Iy) nun4 4702·5 X 104 3!0·8 X )04 20 5 c-geq-o-dw fa I www. of concrete is M25. Use the following data.examrace.(a) A gantry girder used for a span of 8 m.

The safe bearing capacity of soil is 150 kNfm2. 20 SECTION 'B' S. Use M 20 grade concrete and Fe 415 grade steel. Using the step method.(c) 'S7 T I·4m T 1·5 rn l / 7 7 7 T7 7 7 7 / 7 7 7 7 7 l rn ·-!300m~ A' very wide rectangular channel has a bed slope of 1 in I 0. t). the flow depth increases.(a) What is meant by local and convective acceleration? For a one-dimensional flow.(b) A sluice-gate in a rectangular channel holds water at a depth of 1m when the gate opening is 5 em. Permissible bend stress in concrete is 0·8 MPa. as shown. The allowable stress in steel is 230 MPa. Cc.000 and Manning's Roughness. described by u(x. Due to an obstruction in the channel. and the flow depths at two sections. 8 S. Find the force acting on the gate per unit width.com . The cross-section of column is 300 x 500 nun. 0·5 0·75 1·0 1·25 1·5 rc(N/mm 2) 0·30 0·35 0·39 0-42 0-45 Permissible bending strength of concrete (c) = 7 MPa. 8 c-geq-o-dwfa 6 www. Use the following data.4. is 0·6. The coefficient ·of contraction.(b) Design a rectangular isolated footing of uniform thickness for an RC column subjected to axiaL load of 700 kN. Sk~tch the detailing of reinforcement. were measured as 1-4 m and 1·5 m. 1300 m apart.examrace. n = 0·01. 8 S. derive the expression for the convective acceleration in terms of the velocity and its gradient. respectively. Per cent of tension steel (p 1} vs Permissible shear stress ('z"c) p. estimate the discharge per· unit width of the channel.

depths with same specific force .. depths with same specific energy. Thickness (m) kz (parallel. (ii) the orientation of the failure plane and the shear and normal stresses on the failure plane for test 3.examrace.(b) The following data were obtained from a set of triaxi al tests on three identical . . It is required to reduce the head loss to half by replacing this pipe with a larger diameter steel pipe.. corresponding to these two depths ? · 15 6. J.l. 3·0 X 10-S l-5x 10-5 8 5. . What is the approximate thrust on the wall if the wall is prevented from yielding ? Assume backfill surface is horizontal.( e) A 4·0 m high smooth vertical wall retains dry cohesionle ss soil with unit weight. = 0·01 NS/m2) is being pumped through a 5 em diameter steel pipe (Roughness heig ht= 0·01 mm) at a rate of 7 x 10-4 m3fs. i.6 2 4·0 5·0 X 10-8 2·5 X 10-8 3 3·0 . 5. What would be the conjugate depths.. Conf ining pressure. void ratio.(d) A soil profile consists of three layers with properties shown in the table below. 10 7 .(b) 15 For a 2 m wide rectangular channel carrying a· certa in discharge. Devi ator stress. m!s) kz (normal.e.y = 17·5 kN/m3 and angle of internal friction. w = I 6%. a 3 (kN/m2 ) . I Test No. 8 6. moisture content at saturation and saturated unit weight. 1/> = 35°. The specific gravity of soil's solid = 2 ·7. air content. samp les: . 10 I 7. What will be the time required for the water level to drop to the ground surface by draining vertical direction through the layers only ? Layer No.(a) In a field density test the following results were obtai ned : Yb = I 9·1 kN/m3. the alternate' depths. rnls) 1 3·0 2·0 X 10-6 I X JQ.. Dete rmine dry density.com . . I0 7 c-geq~o-dwfa www. 6.(a) Oil (p = 900 kg!m3.e. i. are 0·5 m and 2·0 m. D. Find the diameter of the new pipe. degree of saturation.t:Jj (kN/rn2) 1 30 57 2 60 79 3 90 92 Determine (i) the values of strength parameter C and if>. Initially there was 0·5 m of water above the surface of the soil.(c) What are distorted mod els? Give an example where disto rted models are necessary and explain why.

10 · 8. Diameter of the pile is 300 mm and its embedded length is 15 m. ¢ = 38° and K = 0·95. The unit weight of soil is 21 kN/m3 and angle of internal friction. The ground water table is located 3 m below the ground . For a free vortex. of the footing. Determine the factor of safety against bearing capacity failure assuming · (i) ground water level well below the base. ¢ = 36°. Determine the capacity of the pile with a FS . Assume N~ = 100 for the given soil and tan 8 = 0·55.in days for 75% of consolidation settlement to occur. Nc = 63·53.7. the (ii) settlement at the end of one· year.( c) A concrete pile is to be driven into a medium dense to dense sand with · y = 20·5 kN/m3. The footing is to carry a total load of 1350 kN including column load. U% 0 15 25 35 40 45 so 60 70 75 Tv 0 0·018 0·049 0·096 0·126 0·160 0·196 0·286 0·403 0-477 10 A column footing of 1·8 m x 1·8 m is to be placed 1·5 m below the ground level in a dense cohesionless soil. the Given : Mv = 0·00025 m 2/kN. surface. Given for¢= 36°. (Assume Ybulk = Ysaturatcd = 21 kN/m3) 10 s·. and (ii) ground water level at the ground level. Cv = 0·75 m2fyr. the (iii) time . 10 S. and the (iv) time in days for 25 mm of settlement to occur. Explain why.1 0 c-geq-o-dwfa 8 www. weight of footing and weight of soil surcharge.(b) How are hydroelectric power plants classified based on the availability of h~ad ? Which type of turbines are suitable for each of these plants ? Explain the working of a pumped-storage plant and list its advantages. (Assume Ybulk = Ysat = 20·5 kNfm3) 10 S. Nq = 47·16 and Nr = 51·7. Determine (i) total primary consolidation settlement. the flow is irrotational.(d) (i) Briefly explain the use of plasticity chart in classifying fine grained soil. (ii) What are the differences between compaction and consolidation? What are the objectives of compaction? .examrace. 2·0.(a) Write the formula for rotation of a fluid element about the z-axis in terms of the velocity gradients in the Cartesian co-ordinate system. although the streamlines are circular. The following data may be used: .(c) A layer of saturated clay 4 m thick having drainage from both top and bottom is subjected to a loading that increases the average effective stress from 185 kPa to 31 0 kPa..com .

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