IGC 2: Control of International Workplace Hazards


1. Identify Eight safe working practices that should be
considered to reduce the risk when using a mobile tower
scaffold (8)

 Mobile tower scaffolds are meant to be used for short
period of time
 Considerations must be given to design and
manufacturer’s recommendations i.e. height and width
 Ensure all scaffolding components are in good order
without any defects
 They must be erected and dismantled by competent
workers only.
 Ensure ground conditions are stable, firm and even
 Scaffold must be secured / tied to structures and
outriggers are used
 Safe means of access i.e. stairs and ladders to be
 Prior to use ensure that scaffold wheels & brakes locked
 Working platforms must be protected with guard rails,
mid rails and toe boards
 Never use mobile scaffolds near live overhead power
lines and services
 Never move scaffolds when the workers, materials and
tools on the working platform
 Regular inspections by competent personnel – before
first use / any alterations / any event / periodical
 Conduct trainings and ensure competent supervision.

2. Excavation work is being carried out on a construction site.
Identify the control measures needed to reduce the risk to
workers (8)

e. designate traffic routes and deployment of banksmen  Carryout atmospheric testing in deep excavations to check oxygen levels and presence of any toxic gases  Regular inspections to be conducted by competent personnel  PPE  IT IS 3. ramps and working platforms  Provide adequate Barriers. dust & debris  Collapse of building or structure  Fire & Explosions  Live utilities  Confined spaces . sheeting and trench boxes etc. lighting and signs  Safe storage of soil & materials at least 1-1. Outline the main hazards that may be present during the demolition of a building (8) Demolition is one of the most hazardous operations in the construction industry.  Suitable means of access / egress – ladders. sewer / water pipes etc. battering.  Falls – people & materials  Flying objects. benching.5M away from the edge of the excavation  Control of water – dewatering  Control of vehicles.  Mark and protect located services  Safe digging methods – manual & mechanical  Provision of support systems and shoring protection i.e. By CAT scan and trail / pilot ditch. gas lines.  Prior to commencement of any excavation that SSW – Permit to dig / excavate should be followed  Consultation of as built drawings to identify existing services  Identification / detection of underground services i. power cables.

stable and even ground  Ensure that there are no overhead services  The work area is cordoned and restricted to prevent unauthorized access  Work platform is fitted with guard rails and toe boards  Outriggers are extended and wheels are blocked and chocked  Full body harnesses are used by workers  Never exceed SWL or overreach from the platform  Never move the equipment with the platform in the raised position  Conduct training and competent supervision 5. • Lack of warning of ramps. trailing cables. kerbs and steps etc. • Poorly maintained surfaces – polished surfaces. • Poor lighting and design • Poor housekeeping • Slippery surfaces caused by water. damaged floor tiles. Identify safe working practices for the use of mobile elevating work platforms (MEWP) (8)  Operator is fully trained and competent  Ensure statutory inspections and testing is carried out  Ensure MEWP is situated on firm. a) Identify Eight hazards that can cause slips and trips (8) • Slips. pot holes. debris etc. oils and mud etc. • General obstructions i.  Projected & protruded objects  Working at height 4. pipes and ducts • Inappropriate footwear b) For the hazards identified above.e. slopes. trips and falls from the same level are considered to be one of the most common causes of major injuries at work. walkways. Outline measures that can be used to control the risk (8) .

• No holes or slopes.g. ramps • Free from obstructions and trip hazards. not to be uneven or slippery. fencing and toeboards. safety harnesses.e. e. • Fall-arrest equipment in the event of a fall. such as rope access and boatswain’s chairs. • Appropriate warning signage i. • Also requires risk assessment. working platforms and ladder hoops • Personnel equipment. Repair work is to be carried out on the roof of a school a) Identify control measures to reduce the risks to the roof workers (6) • At first the hierarchy of control for the repair work on the roof to be considered -Avoid work at height or Prevent falls if can’t avoid work at height. • Ensure safe means of access and egress • Avoid working in adverse weather conditions . • Adoption of physical safeguards to prevent falls such as suitable and sufficient guardrails. • Provide adequate lighting • Using slip resistant walkways. surface coating and grip grit sheets • Adequate width of walkways. • Floors and traffic routes must be of suitable construction. stairs and provision of handrails • Procedures for reporting defects and dealing with spillage • Regular housekeeping and management 6. planning and provision of training and information. nets or associated equipment.

• Ensure construction machinery and equipment away from the site and park in designated areas and remove keys from it.  Improve the environment i. b) Identify two control measures to reduce the risks to other persons (2) • Cordon the area and restrict the entry • Post appropriate warning signage • Supervision during the work 7. Use CCTV. Credit cards & cheques  Avoid lone working  Arrange safe transport or secure car parking 8. cranes etc. panic alarms etc.e. Identify precautions that should be considered to prevent accidents to children who may be tempted to gain access to a construction site (8) • Perimeter fencing to keep children away from the construction hazards • Provide barriers and appropriate warning signs. seating and lighting  Remove any items that could be used as weapon  Set up policy for alcohol and substance misuse  Redesign the job i.e. • Keep site clear of dangerous equipment and substances. • Keep entrances locked/guarded. • Cover or section off excavations. Outline prevention strategies an organization could consider to reduce the risk of violence towards workers (8)  The policy for dealing with violence  Staff Training . . • Ensure entry is restricted to high risk equipment i.ITIS  Set up procedures for reporting any occurrence  Identify the most vulnerable  Improve security – CCTV’s.e. alarms and lighting. open trenches and confined spaces.

 Collapse of sides and cave-ins. A three meter deep trench has to be dug across a car park.  Access and egress  Biological agents Element 2 1.  Flooding and water ingress. • Managing Blind spots. • Clear.  Plant and vehicles.  People falling in. well marked and signposted traffic routes.  Materials falling in. • Fencing. gates.  Gases / Vapours  Lack of oxygen and Asphyxiation. . • Separate doorways. • Speed Limits and Monitoring. • Emergency contacts are displayed in order to deal with any emergencies. Identify the control measures that could be implemented to reduce the risks to pedestrians in areas where vehicles are maneuvering (8) • Separate Vehicle & Pedestrian routes. 9.  Collapse of adjacent structures. • Ensure electrical tools and equipment is switched off and energy isolated and secured. a) Identify hazards associated with the work (10)  Buried service – electrical / gas / water mains / drains / sewers etc.

• One way systems. ******************************* . • Good housekeeping. • Parking areas. • Signaller/Banksman • Reduced speed. • High visibility Jackets. • Audible and visual warnings.• Cross over points (Bridges/subways) • Marking the areas. • Adequate Visibility.