# LAB REPORT

GROUP MEMBER
YUWARAJA A/L SAMY 08DKM15F2004
INTAN AYU WIRDANI BINTI MOHD AZAM 08dkm15f2018
FATIN NUR AQILAH BINTI MASHAR 08dkm15f2007
Satish a/l sekhar 08dkm15f2040
Jeevanraj a/l parameswaran o8dkm15f2039

COURSE CODE DJJ 3213 Material Science

the student should be able to determine material hardness.TITLE Hardness Test (Vickers Hardness Test) LAB. These sets of test on metals of widely different hardness show: 1. Safety precaution: a) Make sure the student follows the laboratory or workshop safety regulators. Objectives: The objective of this experiment is to determine the hardness of a material by using a hardness tester. 3. The empirical interrelationship between the various hardness scales. f) Be familiar with the location of the emergency equipment Apparatus: .2(01) CLO: At the end of this experiment. Experiment Outcomes: The outcomes of this lab are to introduce the student to the topic of the indentation hardness of metals using the common hardness test and scales. preparations or experiments.NO. d) Always wear appropriate clothing. c) Always know the hazards associated with the materials that are being utilized in the lab. The relationship between hardness and tensile properties. e) Never perform an authorized work . DJJ DKM/LS/2. 2. The relationship for a given scale as a function of applied load. b) Experiment must be conducted by lecturers or experienced lab assistance.

1. vickers Theory: Vickers hardness test conducted by the test surface with diamond-based pyramid eye square. Vickers hardness can be defined as the value calculated according to the formula below: Hv= Load Surface area. Vickers hardness testing equipment. Copper and Steel. 2. similar to the model shown. Material Samples. mm2 = P D2 / (2sinØ/2) = 2P sin 680 D2 = 1.8544P D2 HV = Vickers hardness number .

3. The hardness value was computed. 7. Example: 150Hv / 30 Vickers hardness test is a test that can give OVERVIEW hardness suitable for soft material so that the material is harder. especially steel very hard.5 lead. The indenter was allowed to penetrate the specimen surface. The appropriate load (F = 10kgf) was set for the indenter for 10 seconds. 5. Load consumption by ordinary materials is as table 1 Material Load (KG) steel and cast iron 30 copper alloy 10 pure copper. aluminums alloy 5 Pure aluminium 2. The indenter was lowered until it just touches the specimen surface. The above steps were repeated for 2 times at different locations on the specimen and the average value was computed. . 6. The specimen was placed on the vice. 0 = angle of the pyramid indenter 136 P = load test (kgf) D = the average of the diagonal (mm) Note: does not have numerical value Hv units. 2. Load was removed and indenter was raised from specimen surface. The appropriate parameter (diameter) of the indentation was measured. tin and tin alloys 1 Procedure: The hardness tests are carried out under the supervision of the lab instructor. 8. 4. ie it is suitable for testing the hardness of the material has a large range. General procedure: 1.

7 281.8 250.85 467 4.1 463 4. Draw a curve shape us can see the position of the measuring .75 457 4.3 239.5 283.4 599 6.2 592 5.1 284.1 240.92 X 10-4 Copper 20KG 248.7 645 6.46 X 10-4 Average Material Load Microscope Reading HV D1 D2 D=(D1+D2)/ Machine Calculatio 2 n Steel 20KG 283.4 287.67 x 10-4 steel 20KG 282.0 281.Result: Material Load Microscope Reading HV D1 D2 D=(D1+D2)/ Machine Calculatio 2 n Copper 20KG 249.6 250.57 x 10-4 Average Discussion 1.7 282.63 x 10-4 steel 20KG 282.01 X 10-4 Copper 20KG 239.4 248.0 249.

that can range from the lowest to the highest hardness. so the test specimen can be used for other purposes. 2. For this reason this method is fundamental for researching laboratories.  Non-destructive testing is possible. As for the Brinell test.  The Vickers method can be used with any and all materials and test specimens. In comparison with the Rockwell and Brinell values. . the Vickers method is not sensitive to any deflection of the work piece. Any deformation of the indentation may reveal structural characteristics of the test material. as it represents a specific load on an indentation having always the same shape. Provide major advantages of Vickers hardness test hardness test compared with other The main advantage of the Vickers method consists in employing only one scale. from soft to hard. as the procedure covers the entire hardness range. the Vickers hardness number has a proper meaning. which can be used for all Vickers methods.  There is only one type of indenter.