DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MULTI SPINDLE

DRILLING ATTACHMENT

A PROJECT REPORT

Submitted by

ANJU.R 113211114005

JAISHALI.N 113211114306

PAVETHRA RANI.T 113211114061

SHRUTHI HASAVARDHAN RAO.S 113211114088

in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree

of

BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING

in

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

VELAMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, CHENNAI – 600 066

ANNA UNIVERSITY:: CHENNAI 600 025

APRIL 2014
i

HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT SUPERVISOR DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ENGINEERING VELAMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE VELAMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE CHENNAI-66 CHENNAI-66 Certified that the candidate was examined in the Viva – Voce Examination held on …………….FRANK GLADSON. Ph. ANNA UNIVERSITY :: CHENNAI 600 025 BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE Certified that this project report "DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF MULTI- SPINDLE DRILLING ATTACHMENT" is the bonafide work of ANJU R 113211114005 JAISHALI N 113211114306 PAVETHRA RANI T 113211114061 SHRUTHI HASAVARDHAN RAO S 113211114088 Who have carried out the project work under my supervision. M.E.D Mr. INTERNAL EXAMINER EXTERNAL EXAMINER ii .G.. SIGNATURE SIGNATURE Dr..T. ME.PRABHAKARAN.

M. Lab Assistants.P. We convey our sincere thanks to our principal. We would like to express our deep gratitude to our beloved chairman Shri. Last but not the least. We also hank all those who have either directly or indirectly helped during this project work.N.Elumalai. Assistant Professor. Mr. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Any accomplishment requires the effort of many people and this work is no different starting at ground zero. Velammal Engineering College for their guidance throughout our project.V.Duraipandian for extended support for this project. Shri.Muthuramalingam.G. We are extremely grateful to pledge our respect and preferential thanks to our beloved Head of the Department. We would also like to thank Mr.S. we thank our parents who have been the source of inspiration and support for us throughout this project work. Assistant Professor. Department of Mechanical Engineering.Dhanasingam. Velammal Engineering College for having extended his fullest co-operation and guidance without which this project would have not been possible.V.Velmurugan.C. Dr.Murugan and Mr. and our Chief Executive Officer.M. iii . Dr.Y.Frank Gladson. for their kind encouragement.Prabhakaran for supporting and helping us by all means in caring out this project successfully.T.M. We express our sincere thanks to our project guide Mr. Department of Mechanical Engineering.

This is done with the help of a planetary gear system arrangement. This project deals with such development undertaken for similar job under consideration. In case of mass production where variety of jobs is less and quantity to be produced is huge. one of the major factors being manufacturing efficiency with which the operations are carried out in the organization. Productivity depends upon many factors. Usefulness and performance of the existing radial drilling machine will be increased by designing and development of multi spindle drilling head attachment. combining the operations etc. ABSTRACT The growth of Indian manufacturing sector depends largely on its productivity & quality. Productivity can be improved by reducing the total machining time. Drilling . Multi-spindle iv . The best way to improve the production rate (productivity) along with quality is by use of special purpose attachment. it is very essential to produce the job at a faster rate and to reduction of labour cost and cycles of operation. Key words: Epicyclic Gear Mechanism.

2 SPUR GEARS 6 3.1.2 BEARINGS 16 3.3 HELICAL GEARS 7 3.1.8 GEAR NOMENCLATURE 12 3.6 RACKS (STRAIGHT GEARS) 10 3.1.2.1.1. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER NO TITLE PAGE NO ABSTRACT iv LIST OF TABLES viii LIST OF FIGURES ix LIST OF SYMBOLS xi 1 INTRODUCTION 1 2 LITERATURE SURVEY 3 3 COMPONENTS REQUIRED 5 3.4 BEVEL GEARS 8 3.3 SHAFT 18 3.1 CLASSIICATION OF BEARINGS 16 3.1.1 GEAR 5 3.4 DRILL CHUCK 19 v .1.1.1 CLASSIFICATION OF GEARS 5 3.7 EPICYCLIC GEAR MECHANISM 11 3.5 WORM GEARS 9 3.

2 DESIGN OF SHAFT 21 4. 3.3 KEY 32 6.6 ASSEMBLED VIEW 35 7 ASSEMBLY PROCESS 36 vi .2 GEAR 30 6.2 SUN GEAR 27 5.3 PLANET GEAR 27 5.4 DESIGN OF SPUR GEAR 23 5 BASIC DIMENSIONS 27 5.5 KEY 20 3.6 SLEEEVE 20 4 DESIGN CALCULATION 21 4.5 CLAMPING ROD 32 6.4 KEY 28 6 FABRICATION PROCESS 29 6.1 MOTOR SELECTION 21 4.1 PLATE 27 5.1 SHAFT 29 6.4 PLATE 32 6.3 DESIGN OF KEY 23 4.

8 COST ESTIMATION 38 9 CONCLUSION AND SCOPE 39 10 PHOTOGRAPHY 40 11 REFERENCE 41 vii .

1 Bill of Materials 38 viii . LIST OF TABLES TABLE NO NAME OF THE TABLE PAGE NO 8.

2 SPUR GEAR 6 3.7 EPICYCLIC GEAR TRAIN 12 3.6 TOP PLATE 33 6.7 CLAMPING ROD 34 6.11 SHAFT 19 3.1 SHAFT 29 6.4 KEY 32 6.3 SUN GEAR 31 6.9 RADIAL BEARING 17 3.14 SLEEVE 20 6.5 WORM GEAR 10 3.6 RACK AND PINION 11 3.4 BEVEL GEAR 9 3.10 THRUST BEARING 18 3.2 PLANET GEAR 31 6.12 DRILL CHUCK 19 3. LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE NO NAME OF THE FIGURE PAGE NO 3.8 FRONT VIEW OF THE ASSEMBLY 35 7.3 HELICAL GEAR 8 3.13 KEY 19 3.1 CLASSIFICATION OF GEARS 6 3.2 GEAR 37 ix .1 TOP PLATE 36 7.8 GEAR NOMENCLATURE 14 3.5 BOTTOM PLATE 33 6.

1 ATTACHMENT UNDER TEST 40 10.2 FABRICATED DRILLING ATACHMENT 40 x .10.

LIST OF SYMBOLS P – POWER TRANSMITTED T – TORQUE TRANSMITTED fsall – ALLOWABLE SHEAR STRENGTH fc all . DYNAMIC LOAD FACTOR Eeq . CENTRE DISTANCE m . LIFE FACTOR FOR BENDING -1 . GEAR RATIO [Mt] – DESIGN TORQUE Mt – ACTUAL TORQUE kd . MODULE Z1 . FILLET STRESS CONCENTRATION FACTOR u . ROCKWELL HARDNESS NUMBER Kcl . SPEED K . NUMBER OF TEETH ON PLANET GEAR b . LIFE FACTOR a . ENDURANCE LIMIT N . DESIGNEDBENDING STRESS [ c] . SURFACE HARDNESS COEFFICIENT HRC . ULTIMATE STRESS CR . DEISGN CRUSHING STRESS Kbl . EQUIVALENT YOUNG’S MODULUS [ b] . ALLOWABLE CRUSHING STRENGTH d – DIAMETER OF THE SHAFT t – THICKNESS OF THE KEY L – LENGTH OF THE KEY i . FACE WIDTH OF THE GEAR xi . NUMBER OF TEETH ON SUN GEAR Z2 .

FORM FACTOR xii . PITCH LINE VELOCITY y .d1 . PITCH CIRCLE DIAMTER OF THE PLANET GEAR v .