SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT

COMPANY DETAILS
Company name: L & D Earthmoving Contact
name:
ACN/ABN: 48 010 241 513 Contact
position:
Address: PO Box 165 Phone 07 3265 5777
number:
VIRGINIA QLD 4014

PROJECT DETAILS
Project name: Location:
Scope of Work: Use of Excavator, Bobcat, Truck and relevant attachments
SWMS developed by: L & D Earthmoving Date 18/03/2013 Start date: / /2013 Completion date: / /2013 Duration of job:
SWMS reviewed by: L & D Earthmoving Date 18/03/2013 SWMS approved by: L & D Earthmoving Date 22/05/2013

Doug Ingram General Manager

(Signed) for and on behalf of L & D earthmoving (Position)

Persons involved in the development of the SWMS and consultation acknowledgment. Work undertaken in line with Fatigue Management Policy for the business.
Employee name Signature Date Employee name Signature Date
(I have been consulted in this SWMS) (I have been consulted in this
SWMS)

Persons who will carry Duties and Signature: (All persons Persons who will carry Duties and Signature: (All persons
out task: (List all responsibilities: (List working on site are out task: (List all responsibilities: (List working on site are
persons who will be details of trades and required to read fully persons who will be details of trades and required to read fully
working on site at any duties of specific and sign SWMS). working on site at any duties of specific and sign SWMS).
time). personnel). time). personnel).

LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7.0 Issued 01/2012

eg. tilt slab construction.H. Pre Start Checks Truck Log Books. comply with or exceed legislated requirements or applicable Codes of Practice formwork. Co-operation and Co-ordination Code of Practice 2011 Managing the Risk of Falls at Workplaces Code of Practice 2011 Hazardous Manual Tasks Code of Practice 2011 Excavation Work Code of Practice 2012 Construction Work Code of Practice 2012 How to Manage and Control Asbestos in the Workplace Code of Practice 2011 Qualifications / Certificates of Competency / Training / Details of licensed and qualified persons who will carry out specific tasks Experience required to carry out task: (List details of Name Type Expiry date Name Type Expiry date qualifications. etc.S.: Project Name: Location: Plant and equipment required: (List all plant and equipment to be used by Safety and maintenance checks required: (Provide details of maintenance contractor this for job). including testing of electrical equipment). are available on site). SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT SWMS NO. Excavation Workplace Health & Safety Act 2011 Qld Workplace Health & Safety Regulation 2011 Managing Risk of Plant in the Workplace Code of Practice 2012 Hazardous Chemicals Code of Practice 2003 Managing Noise and Prevention of Hearing Loss at Work Code of Practice 2011 Electrical Safety Act 2002 Work Health & Safety Consultation. certificates. training and experience and needed to carry out the tasks required). Pre Start Checks Engineering details / Certificates/Approvals required: (Provide details required for Legislation / Standards / Codes of Practice applicable: (Ensure that work methods work listed as hazardous or requiring specific work methods. falsework. Certification Induction Contractor LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) N/A Excavator Log Books. Pre Start Checks Backhoe Log Books.0 Issued 01/2012 . schedules on high-risk plant. demolition. Qld Transport Licence White Card O. and that the relevant Codes. etc).

toxic release of chemicals. very high $ loss Major Long-term illness or serious injury. HAZARDS Identify what in each activity could cause harm to a person. ACTIVITY Briefly describe the activity to be carried out in each step. 1. spillage contained on site. minor property or environmental damage. med – high $ loss Minor Minor injury requiring First-Aid.Immediate action required to control circumstances risk. moderate H H M L L property damage. Rare Event may occur only in exceptional L LOW These risks may not require immediate attention.: Project name: Location: RISK LEVEL MATRIX LIKELIHOOD OF EVENT OCCURRING LEVEL OF CONSEQUENCES OF EVENT OCCURRING CONSEQUENCES Almost Likely Possible Unlikely Rare What is the likely outcome of an exposure to the risk? certain Catastrophic Fatality or permanent disability. (Use Risk Level Matrix to determine risk ranking before controls implemented). serious medium-term E E E H H environmental effects. RISK CONTROLS What precautions or control measures must be taken to control the risk. RISK (2) The degree of risk following implementation of risk controls (Use Risk Level Matrix to determine ranking of residual risk). significant property damage.. Possible Event might occur at some time H HIGH Highest management decision required urgently. PERSON RESPONSIBLE LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7.g. 2. loss of facilities. high $ loss Moderate Medical treatment requiring up to several days off work. long-term E E E E H environmental impact. the job. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT SWMS NO. RISK (1) The degree of risk posed by the hazard. low-med. or the environment. spillage E H M M L contained with outside assistance. etc. circumstances COMPILATION OF SWMS STEP Number each discrete step in the task in sequence – e.0 Issued 01/2012 . materials. very low $ loss H M L L L LIKELIHOOD OF EVENT OCCURRING DETERMINATION OF RISK CONTROL ACTIONS Almost certain Event is expected to occur in most RISK SCORE RISK LEVEL ACTION REQUIRED circumstances Likely Event will probably occur in most E EXTREME URGENT . Unlikely Event could occur at some time M MEDIUM Follow management instructions regarding risk. major property damage. loss of production. $ loss Insignificant No injuries.

12mm with 1 yellow and 1 black marker= 300 kg lashing capacity). to the persons specifically step. Joe Bloggs used for cleaning Erect drift curtain to prevent spray drift into adjoining work areas. M Operator Loss of stability or control Loads should not overload tyres and axles. Vehicle loading must not exceed rated tyre and axle capacity of vehicle. steering and braking. 4 Selection of restraints Load Slipping H Higher tension in restraints allows loads to be held more M Operator Load capacity of restraints effectively. Use additional restraints where type of lashing has a lower load capacity. associated with each to the skills and competencies required. for high or tall loads. Do not overload restraints. Place heavy objects between axles and provide even loading across tray.3m. Size.0 Issued 01/2012 . 6 Chains Transport Chain E Transport chain of at least 8mm diameter should be used to M Operator LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. weight and shape of load must be considered when selecting restraints. and examine each Risk environmental controls. to identify possibilities that Matrix equipment and PPE. Bends over corners and angles of lashing must be considered. Special permit may be required to transport over-height loads. Refer List (by name) those Each step should accomplish some major task and be in a logical sequence. etc. licences. Matrix could lead to an accident. Place heavy loads lower (on tray) to reduce overturning moment. etc. 1 Selection of Vehicle Overloading E Vehicle must have adequate load carrying capacity for the M Operator Overhanging load proposed load. Check overall height of loaded vehicle to ensure that it does not exceed height restrictions on proposed route or legal height limits (gen. concrete Cleaning chemicals which pose least environmental risk to be used. Operator and assistants to wear safety goggles. etc. Loads offset to one side of vehicle will affect stability of turning vehicle. face shield and gloves. MSDS.) Check weight of all loads. Do not exceed legal mass limits. safety Risk responsible for this. # Example – Use high pressure water blaster to clean concrete walls Injury from high pressure H Erect barricade and signs to prevent entry of persons to work L John Smith (L/H) before painting water jet and chemicals area. 2 Positioning of loads Uneven/excess axle loads H Position load to maintain stability..: Project name: Location: RISK RISK PERSON ACTIVITY HAZARD(S) / RISKS (1) RISK CONTROL(S) (2) RESPONSIBLE Break job down into discrete steps Identify the hazards Refer Consider number of people required to carry out a task. permits. Vehicle must have sufficient space for the load on tray for whole of load. 3 Tall or High loads Overturning E High centre of gravity of load will result in higher overturning M Operator Striking overhead objects risk. Reduce speed for high loads. training. Synthetic ropes must only be used to restrain lightweight loads. Loads must be restrained to prevent shifting whilst vehicle in motion. Use low loader or drop deck trailer. 5 Rope Lashings Loosening during E Transport fibre rope only must be used for lashing purposes. Natural fibre ropes must not be used for transport purposes. M Operator transport Rope is colour coded for its lashing capacity (12mm transport Damage to load rope with two black markers = 100kg 6lashing capacity. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT SWMS NO. Ensure correct weight distribution. 4. Cover gully traps to prevent runoff of contaminated water into drains. plant. tools and equipment. Do not exceed GCM of vehicle.

Do not use unrated chain. 10 Inspection of site Fit to operate plant H Ensure a standard work day for all work allocated across ALL M Operator sites.5 metres.Class LB. Protect chains from damage from sharp corners and projections. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT lash loads. Benching – height not to exceed width.5 LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. Pedestrians H M Contractor A safe path for pedestrians must be provided outside of the work area.0 Issued 01/2012 . tools and material shall be secured. 9 Security of site Traffic E A worksite must be protected from passing traffic by the use of M Contractor appropriate traffic controls. 7 Drive to site Traffic Road safety M Drivers will hold a current licence for the vehicle/plant they are L Operator operating. Select chain to match load. If the times are a breach of the policy then a Risk Assessment must be undertaken prior to commencement of work. portable traffic lights. detours or side-tracks. Benching: Cave-in. benched or battered to prevent the collapse or cave-in.Class LE. FE Loader operator – Class LL Backhoe/loader operator. A safe means of crossing the road at each end of the closed footpath must be provided. barricading and fencing. 8 Competency Requirements Competency of operators L Operators of earthmoving plant must hold the appropriate L Operator licence. such as road closures (full or part). traffic cones and bollards. in line with the Fatigue Management Policy for the business. barriers. Excavator operator. An excavation or trench where a person is required to enter should be shored or shielded. and no vertical face to exceed 1. use of traffic control devices (such as temporary road signs. and traffic controllers (where a need to manually control traffic flows through the worksite exists). pedestrians may have to be diverted to the other side of a road. If necessary. etc). A barricade or hoarding of at least 900mm must be erected around an excavation unless it is not possible or no members of the public are likely to be in the area of the excavation. Pre-start check will be completed daily. All equipment. Battering – angle not Stability of structures H M Contractor to exceed 45° and bottom vertical face not to exceed 1. flooding H M Contractor A competent person is to inspect the site before excavation commences to assess any risk of cave-in or flooding of the trench due to ground conditions. Unregistered machinery and equipment must not be driven on a public roadway unless a permit to do so has been obtained from the relevant Traffic Authority. Trenches are to be inspected at the commencement of work each day to ensure that the trench is safe for a person to enter.

Fire Ants H Underground essential services information obtained must be M Contractor made available to any worker. as required under the WHS Act. information to be provided. A written record of all requests. gas. In cases where a risk of damage Battering: exists. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT Underground structures H metres. All ACM removal must be carried out in accordance with Section 7of the Code of Exposure to Hazardous H Practice for the Management of Asbestos in the Workplace. Information required before digging starts should include the types. (Note: this is a free Australia-wide service for all underground services). Must be retained until the excavation work is completed or. Persons working in traffic areas at night are to be LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. Telecommunications. if there is a notifiable incident relating to the excavation work. electricity.0 Issued 01/2012 . health hazard information. principal contractor and subcontractors and readily available for inspection. numbers and depths of the services. The MSDS must provide detailed information about the name of the substance (including ingredients in mixtures. responses and representations (including the names and oppositions of persons) should be kept with the job records. 2 years after the incident occurs Asbestos E M Contractor/ When 1 cubic metre of soil or more in a fire ant declared zone is Operator to be excavated Dept of Primary Industries must attend prior to Combination of Both: commencement. Liaise with the contractor for further direction. and health monitoring of asbestos workers. a representative of the utility concerned should be requested to be present on site during the excavation. etc) must be carried out before any excavation of the site commences. The existence and location of underground services (such as water. work shall cease immediately. precautions for use and safe handling of the substance). Provide a register which contains a SDS for each substance together with a risk assessment in each area where a substance is used. Obtain a current Safety Data Sheet (SDS) for each substance to be used in a workplace before the substance is first used. M Contractor/ Substances Consult relevant state or territory OHS authority regarding Operator requirements for training. 11 Safety of persons on site Traffic and mobile plant H Persons working in areas where traffic or mobile plant is M Contractor/ or may be present are to be provided with and wear Operator suitable high-visibility garments. Dial ll00 before you dig. M Contractor and services Control measures necessary to prevent risk of collapse of adjoining structures (such as a building or road) are to be identified before excavation commences and implemented before the risk eventuates. For inspection bookings call Qld Dept of Primary Industries on 13 25 23 Where asbestos is identified.

Check pins. before commencing. remove any mud lumps from treads. benched or battered to prevent the collapse or cave-in Excavated material and loads near excavations Refer opposite 12 Transport Loading and Unloading H Ensure that area where loader is to be unloaded or loaded is M Operator secured from traffic and pedestrians with barriers or cones. LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. coolant M Operator Tyres (rubber tyred units) and battery. with bucket in lowered position. An excavation where a Contractor possibility of collapse or cave-in exists should be shored. Fuel and fluids H Check fuel. Load rubber tyred skid steer loader onto truck by reversing slowly up ramp (rear of machine facing UP ramp). Buckets / Attachments H M Operator Inspect for worn or missing teeth or worn cutting edges. transmission oil. Tracks (tracked units) M L Operator Check condition and tension of tracks (refer to operator’s manual to determine correct sag range). hydraulic oil. bushes and connections for excessive wear. engine oil. and apply park brake. Falling/flying objects Provide means to prevent objects falling into an excavation or H trench. Check tyre condition and pressures. Risk of head injury exists where plant or machinery. Use mechanical aids to remove or replace wheel and tyre assembly. Safety footwear must be worn. and that park brake is ON. Position truck or trailer to minimise ramp slope. M Contractor/ Operator Excavations and trenches adjacent to roadways may be Contaminated affected by gases from vehicle exhausts. Excavated material and loads near excavations Risk of foot injury H Excavations and excavation sites will pose a high risk of foot M Operator injury. Safety footwear and head protection must be worn. power tools. Hand protection should be worn. 13 Pre-Start checks Roll-over protection M Tractors must be fitted with an approved roll-over protective L Operator structure (ROPS) unless specifically exempted by the appropriate statutory authority. etc. Ensure that machine is secured against movement. atmosphere H M Operator/ Contractor Excavated material should not be placed less than 600mm Collapse or cave-in from the edge of an excavation to minimise risk of collapse H M Operator/ due to the weight of the spoil.0 Issued 01/2012 . or work below ground level is carried out. shielded. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT provided with and wear suitable reflectorised garments or safety vests.

Quickhitches M Operator used must be to AS7442:2008 Check rams hoses and connections for splits leaks or fractures. Persons working near machinery in operation or areas where traffic may be a hazard should wear high-visibility garments. Controls M All levers and gauges must be clearly identified. Prevent entry to swing area of boom and bucket when excavating. eye LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. Avoid changing gear on Overturning E slopes. M Operator Overstressing of parts Avoid stressing of parts when excavating rock. injury Avoid swinging loaded bucket with booms extended. ditches. Ensure that all persons are clear of boom before swinging. L Operator Steering and brakes Test steering both ways. Check braking and park brake operation. Cabin (if fitted) H M Operator Exhaust must be placed so as to not allow fumes to enter cabin. M Operator Avoid sharp turns and travel across slope on a steep incline. L Operator Hand holds must be provided to assist operator to maintain 3 points of contact at all times while mounting or dismounting tractor. indicators. Overturning E Outriggers must be extended and in contact with firm surface M Operator before commencing to dig. Test all hydraulic operations before loading bucket. drains. crush outriggers. Preferred orientation should be such that all needles are in vertical position during correct operating conditions. E Exercise care to not cause trench collapse when using M Operator Moving machinery. Check terrain before travelling. Avoid driving over obstacles. etc which could affect control. Hydraulic controls H M Operator 17 Travel Loss of control H Do not travel at speeds which may cause control to be lost M Operator over bumps.0 Issued 01/2012 . within easy L Operator reach and be easily read. 18 Operation Buried services E Ensure that all underground services have been identified M Contractor and located before commencing to dig. noise E tight material. etc. Carry bucket as close to machine as possible and racked back for visibility. REFER to operator’s manual for H correct operating procedures for attachments. 16 Controls Lights and alarms M Test all lights. Head. 15 Operator Position Seating M Seat should be well-sprung and adjustable to allow operator L Operator to maintain a comfortable operating position. horn and reversing alarm. Travel down a slope in low gear. Lock separated brake pedals together if travelling. falling objects. Operator M Appropriate protective equipment should be used where hazards may be encountered during operation. H Do not load bucket in excess of working load limit. Wear eye and hand protection. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT Hydraulics Locking pins must be fitted. shale or other Dust. 14 Entry and exit Slipping and falls M Steps and ladders should be of a non-slip type.

Wear high-visibility garment when working on roads or where other traffic will be encountered. Do not wear metallic objects unless suitably insulated. Operators shall use designated walkways to cross tracks.g. 22 Operation of mobile plant Electric shock E Check clearance under overhead electric wiring to maintain M Operator safe distance. Before performing excavation works full information relative to the location of buried power & control cables must be obtained. yellow or green items of clothing and that red. metal spectacle frames. watches. All protective clothing and equipment must comply with relevant AS/NZ Standards for the type of clothing or equipment. head protection. No operators shall wear any red. rings. safety belts /harnesses. 21 Sub Station Electric Shock E No Mechanical Excavation in a Sub Station is permitted M Contractor unless Approval has been received by the appropriate authority (e. The following apparel must be considered. etc. hearing protection. Machine Excavation shall only be performed when a Safety Observer is monitoring the activity. and obtain any specific instructions relating to the job to be done. clothing. an 1800mm temporary M Contractor barricade shall be erected prior to any other work being carried out. 19 Work Near overhead conductors Electric Shock E Use an observer to warn of possible encroachment when M Contractor working near power lines. Ensure that planned access to actual work area is not obstructed. Any electrical equipment or installation. 20 Qld Rail Train Traffic E When working on Qld Rail reserves. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT and hearing and foot protection may be required in some work situations. If the exclusion zone cannot be maintained. eye protection. tracks when crossing them. Operators shall maintain continual vigilance for passing trains. neck chains. Do not touch untested electrical equipment. gloves. Use tail ropes on loads to prevent LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7.0 Issued 01/2012 . Where possible / practical. not on. Operator Protective clothing and equipment worn and used by electrical workers and their assistants must be of correct fit and be in good condition. The following items should not be worn when working on or near live electrical equipment-bracelets. An exclusion zone of three metres shall be maintained from overhead lines. Extra caution must be exercised when working on or near Operator uninsulated overhead conductors or other live electrical equipment in elevated positions. – Energex Sub Station Services Manager). yellow and green items of plant are not Operator stored or used near the tracks. Operators shall ensure they step over. workers shall always face oncoming train traffic.energised. Liaise with site contact to find out who will be supervising the work on site. Work shall not commence on Qld Rail sites until a certified QR Lookout is on site and has undertaken Worksite Safety Briefing. must be treated as being live. footwear. exposed metal zips. unless proven to be de. this WMS shall be approved in writing by the Traction Power Engineer (QR).

0m • Handling non-conductive material (timber. Ensure that cables and loads being slung do not come into close proximity to electric wiring and installations. gloves. Height warning bars should be used where plant and vehicles are required to pass under catenary wires and there is a risk of the plant or vehicles contacting the wires.0. footwear. 24 Backfill Person Falling H A barricade at least 900mm high must be erected around a M Contractor/ trench that is 1 metre or more deep unless it is not possible or Operator only workers involved in the trench will be in the area. head protection. etc)-4. E another form of barrier exists (such as excavated materials in near the trench). Stable freestanding barriers with no external projections should be used.5m Contractor/ • Operation of crane or mobile plant. guttering. etc).0 Issued 01/2012 . safety belts /harnesses. clothing. Ensure that adequate working space is available.0.0m Operator • Handling metal materials (scaffolding.3. Physical protection (such as a gantry or similar construction beneath the wires) to prevent plant and vehicles contacting the wiring should be considered if the work will be of a longer duration. M Contractor H Excavated material should not be placed less than 600mm Safe access and exit from the edge of a trench to minimise risk of collapse due to the weight of the spoil. ply. or another form of barrier exists (such as excavated materials near the trench). M Operator Use only attachments approved for the particular machine to lift loads. If work cannot be carried out without encroaching within the safe approach distances. LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. PVC. Wear Eye protection. Persons who are not experienced electrical workers must not come closer to low voltage overhead catenary wiring than the safe approach distances- • Using hand held tools. Ensure that person is available to control pedestrian traffic while barriers are being removed and transported from work area.5m • Driving or operating a vehicle. 23 Trenching Safety Persons falling H A barricade at least 900mm high must be erected around a M Contractor/ trench that is 1 metre or more deep unless it is not possible or Operator only workers involved in the trench will be in the area. hearing protection. Ladders must be provided no more than 9 metres apart in the area where work will be carried out. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT swinging while being carried. M Operator dipper arm or bucket.1. Barriers should only be removed when area is completely safe for re- entry. or M Operator Trench collapse or cave. Anyone entering the trench shall wear appropriate PPE 25 Craning Safety Overloading of machinery H Only lift loads that are within the rated capacity of the machine.divert persons around or from area where working space may be limited if public are present.6m. the electrical authority should be contacted to determine a safe method of carrying out the work (including isolation of the circuit). Safety footwear and head protection must be worn. pipes. Overturning of machinery E Attach loads to be lifted to approved lift points on the boom.

insulated operator position. M catching on feet. Hearing protection may be required when operating ripper from non. Stand to side or rear when using tools to remove teeth from attachments. from auger. Lay compactor attachment down before detaching from hitch. Check that pins are secured. Ensure auger is completely stopped before Contractor Flying objects H attempting to clean spiral. Ensure that all persons are kept well clear of auger when in Moving parts H operation. Wear cut-resistant gloves. 28 Grab Falling objects H Keep all persons clear of grab when grasping objects such as M Operator rocks which may easily dislodge from grab when lifted. Always use bar or tool with handle M Operator to clean dirt. poles. 30 Auger Falling objects H Ensure that unit is secured from falling when detached from L Operator boom. Pack or chock to prevent moving. 26 Ripper Sharp edges H Exercise care when handling ripper attachment to avoid sharp M Operator edges and nicks on cutting tooth and edges of tine. Operator also must wear eye and hearing protection. Wear gloves when handling rough or sharp objects. Flying objects H Stand to side or rear when using tools to remove teeth from M Noise attachments. flashers LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. Ensure that all persons are clear when lifting long objects (such as tree parts. Keep all persons well clear of moving compactor wheel. pinch points H compactor wheel when in operation to prevent clothing. Ensure that wheel is prevented from movement before detaching hitch. Wear hand and foot protection. Ensure that auger spiral is securely attached to motor unit before lifting. etc. and that areas where holes M Contractor exposure are to be drilled are free from hazards. Barricade area where drilling is carried out to exclude all persons except those involved in job. etc. Carry out operating check of all lights. Keep hands clear of auger. to control swinging of load. water. etc. Do not lift higher than necessary to load objects into truck. Chock or pack auger spiral to prevent movement when transporting. Must have competency to undertake task. 29 Compactor Wheel/drum Falling objects H Ensure that unit is secured from falling when detached from M Operator boom. Always perform test lift to check security of object in jaws. Avoid rapid rotation of machine to minimise uncontrolled swinging of load. and M Noise ensure that all persons within this zone are issued with and wear appropriate PPE. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT Travel at walking pace with load low to ground when transporting load. etc. Flying objects H Refer to manufacturer’s manual to determine 85dB radius. Ensure that underground services are Harmful Contact or H located before commencing to drill. Wear eye protection. Chock or pack compactor wheel to prevent movement when transporting.0 Issued 01/2012 . Lay auger attachment down before M Operator detaching from hitch. Wear gloves when handling rough or sharp objects. well clear of Moving parts. etc). Operator must stop auger if anyone approaches the M Operator/ hole for any reason. Operator also must wear eye and hearing protection. 31 Operation of Tipper/Dump Truck Moving parts Check all fluid levels. hydraulics and Operator  Pre Start Harmful Exposure battery fluid. Do not start to drill unless area has been declared safe for drilling. including oils. 27 Rock Breaker/Hammer Sharp edges H Exercise care when handling tool bit of attachment to avoid M Operator sharp edges and nicks on cutting faces of tool. Keep hands and clothing. Avoid contact with edges which may become Sharp edges H sharp during drilling. etc. Use tag lines attached to both ends of pipes.

Ensure that park brake is engaged. hearing. Avoid travel over rough terrain and depressions which could tilt vehicle. stable ground. Make sure all personnel are clear of machine before starting. wear or damage to tread or casings. Check all tyres for correct pressure. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT  General Precautions and warning signals. Always sound warning to advise others of intention to operate vehicle. Check that all persons and vehicles are clear of truck before moving off. etc. Inspect hydraulic hoses. Use orange flashing lamp and reversing beeper to warn of hazard from plant. Keep safe distance from edge of roads and excavations. Tarpaulins must be securely lashed to prevent movement. M Operator object Use mechanical aid to remove or replace counterweights.). body and suspension components. etc. Keep rear wheels of vehicle at safe distance from bank when dumping. etc.0 Issued 01/2012 . for leaks or damage. M Operator Over-exertion/strain injury Rear tyres may be water-filled as ballast. Check condition of. Keep clear of moving parts. Keep persons clear of area where truck or trailer is tipping for a distance at least equal to the height of the body when fully raised. and adjust Collision and fasten seat belt. Adjust seat to suit operator stature. and adjust mirrors to Operator provide good rear and side vision. are in operating order and clearly visible and audible before operating truck. Pinch points and nip points should be highlighted with appropriate warning signs posted advising of danger. Ensure that flashing lights. Overturning Allow engine to warm up at low idle for specified time (at least 5 Operator/ mins. reversing beepers.always have valve stem at top position to check pressure or inflate tyre. Place Crush injury from falling H valve at bottom position to drain water from tyre. Do not carry objects in hands when entering or leaving cabin. Persons operating plant on sites must wear PPE as Musculo-Skeletal injury required on site. Wear foot protection and hi-visibility vest or shirt. Persons working in vicinity of plant or vehicles Operator must wear Hi-vis garments. Check all parts for loose or missing bolts. Limit speed on unmade terrain and haul roads to avoid loss of control. hand and foot protection. pits. body. warning signals. Do not raise body unless vehicle is standing on firm. Recheck transmission and hydraulic fluid levels. Cycle all controls to allow warm oil to circulate through Contractor entire system. Visually check condition of chassis. top up if low reading. and transmission is in neutral. Always maintain 3 points of body contact when entering or leaving cabin. 32 Tarpaulins Load Shifting H Tarpaulins should only be used for dust or weather protection M Operator or to cover loose loads that maybe affected by air flow during transport. screws or fasteners. LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. 33 Maintenance Burns H Allow engine to cool before removing radiator cap. Relieve stored energy in hydraulic and pneumatic systems before servicing. Wear eye. rams.

Do not leave pump or fuel hose unattended during refuelling. Dry E immediately. Avoid direct contact with petrol and fuels on skin. Ensure that replacement teeth are compatible with the bucket. M Contractor/ Switch off engines of plant and vehicles before commencing Operator refuelling. Avoid splashing of fuel. Do not leave loader unattended with engine running. Avoid contact with fuels and oils during refuelling. Wear eye protection at all times. 36 Parking Stability M Park Excavator on level ground if possible. no matter how minor. Lower attachments fully and release pressure from hydraulic lines. only) LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7. All accidents. Operator Check that hand tools to remove damaged or worn teeth are in good condition. Operator Ensure that replacement teeth are firmly locked in position before digging. Provide earthing straps to eliminate build up of static electricity. Emergency PPE and spill kit must be carried with placarded loads. Dermatitis Irritation Decanting and mixing of fuel should be carried out in a well- to eyes ventilated area. 37 Transport Loading/Unloading H As per step 1-6 & 12 M Operator 38 Leave site Traffic Road Safety M As per step 7 L Operator 39 Accidents and injuries Reporting of accidents E All drivers should be familiarised with procedures to follow in M Operator/ Injuries case of an accident. and clean up spills or leaks Inhalation of vapours. Suitable fire extinguisher must be carried on vehicle.0 Issued 01/2012 . M Operator Environmental Risk Absorb spill with oil-sorb or pads. L Operator Position machine “up and down” the slope if parking on sloping ground. Clean excess mud and soil from bucket before replacing teeth. level surface to carry out work. E Prevent entry of fuels and oils into drains or waterways. and avoid getting petrol or fuel in eyes. and place into sealable container. SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT 34 Repairs etc. Suitable first aid kits must be provided in all accidents or injuries vehicles. Wear PVC gloves and apron. L Operator Ensure that engine is switched off and hydraulic pressure is relieved before replacing teeth on bucket attached to excavator. Do not overfill fuel tanks. place transmission in neutral or “park” position. Restrict entry to site to persons directly involved in refuelling operation. Dispose of waste at a roved chemical waste disposal facility. Eliminate static electricity sources. 35 On-site refuelling Fire Risk E Eliminate ignition sources in vicinity of refuelling operations. to buckets Replacement of teeth M Place bucket on firm. must Contractor (onsite be reported. stable. Apply handbrake. Switch off engine and remove keys before leaving machine unattended. M Operator Skin. No smoking or ignition sources.

SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT & RISK ASSESSMENT COMMENTS OR REVIEW AMENDMENTS Operator Signed: Date: Operator Signed Date: Contractor Signed: Date: Contractor Signed: Date: WORK METHOD STATEMENT REVIEWED AND ACCEPTED BY CONTRACTOR AND OPERATOR Operator Signed: Date: Operator Signed Date: Contractor Signed: Date: Contractor Signed: Date: LDE2012 (Qld) Version 7.0 Issued 01/2012 .