The sources of ore-forming material in the

low-sulfidation epithermal Wulaga gold
deposit, NE China: Constraints from S, Pb
isotopes and REE pattern
Yongbin Wang, Qingdong Zeng, Lingli Zhou,
Shaoxiong Chu, Yunpeng Guo

Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar

Definition of terms Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

alunite. pyrophyllite carbonates Near-neutral pH. barite. gold. chalcopyrite. chalcedony. gold. bornite Quartz. electrum. Acidic pH. Definition of terms Low sulfidation (LS) High sulfidation (HS) Pyrite. Quartz. arsenopyrite covellite. Ore minerals sphalerite. gas- moderate salinity rich Source of fluids Dominantly meteoric Magmatic Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar . illite. Pyrite. oxidized. adularia. Gangue minerals calcite. Fluids reduced. tennantite. enargite. low salinity. kaolinite. galena.

(2008): granodioritic porphyry only provided thermal energy Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar . low sulfidation epithermal gold deposit • Sun et al. Introduction Wulaga gold deposit • 84 tons Au reserve • Average grade: 4 ppm • Granodioritic porphyry-hosted.

Regional geology Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

Deposit geology Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

Sampling and analytical procedures Sulfur isotopes • Seal (2006) • Delta-S gas-isotope ratio mass spectrometer Lead isotopes • Crushed and sieved to 100 to 200 μm size • Leached with hot acids • Thermal ionization mass spectrometer Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

(2000) • REE compositions were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar . Sampling and analytical procedures Rare earth element geochemistry • Qi et al.

6‰ • δ34S of stibnite: -3.6‰ Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .2‰ to -2.9‰ with an average of -0.0‰ with an average of -2. Analytical results Sulfur isotopes • δ34S of pyrite: -3‰ to 4.

Analytical results Lead isotopes • Granodioritic porphyry and sulfide samples: highly homogeneous indicating a uniform lead isotopic ratio Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

dacite. Analytical results Rare earth elements (REE) • Granodioritic porphyry. and schist exhibits enrichment in REE • The total REE content of pyrites are lower compared to the granodioritic porphyry Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

A mantle or magmatic source (δ34S: 0±3‰) b. A marine/seawater source (δ34S: 20‰) c. Reduced sulfur in sedimentary rocks (δ34S: <0) • δ34S: -3.2 to 4. Discussion S isotopic compositions and their implications • Possible sources of sulfur a.9‰ Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

Discussion S isotopic compositions and their implications • Possible sources of sulfur a.2 to 4. A mantle or magmatic source (δ34S: 0±3‰) b.9‰ Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar . Reduced sulfur in sedimentary rocks (δ34S: <0) • δ34S: -3. A marine/seawater source (δ34S: 20‰) c.

. 2014) Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .507 to 15. 1997) • Similar Pb isotope composition for pyrite and granodioritic porphyry • 87Sr/86Sr ratio of pyrite and granodioritic porphyry are also similar (Wang et al.600 (Shen. Discussion Pb isotopic compositions and their implications • 207Pb/204Pb = 15.523 • 207Pb/204Pb for mantle source: < 15.

Discussion REE compositions and their implications Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar .

and REE to the LS epithermal gold deposit • Ore minerals originated from the granodioritic porphyry Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar . Conclusion • Granodioritic porphyry provide S. Pb.

B... pp. Rev.. Geol.. Q. C.Z.. References [1] Doe. John Wiley & Sons Inc. Hu. Energy Publishing House. pp. (Ed.. J. Conrad.. [6] Wang. [2] Qi. Determination of trace elements in granites by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. 1997. Beijing. Y. The sources of ore-forming material in the low-sulfidation epithermal Wulaga gold deposit.. L. L. [4] Shen. Mineral. R. Sulfur isotope geochemistry of sulfide minerals. Talanta 51 (3).. Wang. 2006. 2016. Zartman... Fluid inclusion study on Wulaga gold deposit in Heilongjiang Province and implications for ore genesis. G. the Phanerozoic. 1979. [7] Wang. China 35 (6).). In: Barnes. Zeng. L. Resour. W.D. NE China: Constraints from S.. F.E. 64 (3).. K. 140-151. B. Tunningley.M... 2-70. Sahagun | Geology 196: Undergraduate Seminar . 1267- 1273. Geol. Rev.R.. Huo. Y. Y. Ore Geol. Association of Mining Analysts: London. Wang. Geochemistry of Hydrothermal Ore Deposits. 2000. Zhou.2013. Geochem. [5] Sun.. Stable isotopic geology tutorial. 61. H.Y.Y. 262-270.. Guo.. Chu.. Liu. Understanding Low Sulfidation (LS) Epithermal Deposits. 507-513. Zeng.. S. [8] Wilson.R.L. 633-677. 280-290. J. 76. 2014. A. second ed. L. Plumbotectonics. R. [3] Seal. 2008.. Rb-Sr dating of gold-bearing pyrites from Wulaga gold deposit and its geological significance. Pb isotopes and REE pattern. Q.D.