Design Temperature

Specific Gravity 1
Pipe or Tubing Material: Pipe or Tube Dimensions:
CSA Z245.1 Gr.448
Hot modulus of elasticity E= 2.93E+07 psi
Hot allowable stress Sh = 20,000 psi
Design stress, Sh / FS Sa = 5,000 psi
Material density Pden = 0.2833 lb/in^3
Relative weight factor (vs. carbon steel) Mat = 1
Insulation
Density Ins 7 lb/ft^3
Density 4.06E-03 lb/in^3
Thickness Ti 2 in

Minimum pipe thickness, t = Tnom - (Tnom * Mill % / 100 ) - c - h
Outside radius of pipe, R = Do / 2
Pipe moment of inertia (based on t ), I = π / 64 [ Do4 - (Do - 2 t )4 ]
Pipe inside diameter, d = Do - 2 Tnom
Pipe section modulus, Z = π / 32 (Do4 - d4) / Do
Metal area of pipe cross-section, Am = ( Do
2 - d2 ) * π / 4
Conversion factor, water density, dw = 62.4 lb / cu ft
Conversion factor: n = 1 ft / 12 in
Pipe weight per unit length, Wp = Pden * Am / n
Pipe or liner or refractory inside diameter, dL = d - 2 Tr
Liner area cross-section, Ar = ( d2 - dL2 ) * π / 4
Liner weight per unit length, Wr = Lden * Ar / n
Flow area, Af = d * L2 * π / 4
Fluid weight per unit length, Wf = SG * Af * n2 * dw
Insulation outside diameter, Dio = Do + 2 Ti
Insulation area cross-section, Ai = ( Dio2 - Do2 ) * π / 4
Insulation weight per unit length (w/ factor 1.12 for lagging), Wi = 1.12 * Ai * n2 * Ins
Ice area cross-section, Aice = [ (Dio + ( 2 * Tice ))2 - Dio
2]* /4
Ice weight (external w/ S.G. = 0.9) per unit length, Wice = 0.9 * Aice * n2 * dw
Total weight per unit length, W = Wp + Wr + Wf + Wi + Wice (excluding Wc)

Length of support span
Factor for modifying stress value obtained by the basic formula for S
Maximum calculated bending stress due to loads, S = fs ( 1.2 W L2 / Z ) ( 2 Wc / W L )

Factor for modifying deflection value obtained by the basic formula for y
Deflection, y = fy (17.1 ( W L4 / E * I ) )
Natural frequency estimate, fn = 3.13 / y0.5

Slope of pipe between supports for drainage, h = (12 * L)2 * y / ( 0.25 (12 * L)2 - y2 )

Length of support span (Single Span w/ Free Ends)

(y1)2 ) Length of support span (Single Span w/ Free Ends) Maximum Bending Stress Sw2 = ( 0.5 W * (L1)4 + 36 Wc * (L1)3 ) / ( E * I ) Natural frequency estimate.5 Wc * L1) * Do / I Deflection. fn1 = 3.5 W * L2 2 + 0. h1 = (12 * L1 )2 * y1 / ( 0.25 (12 * L1 )2 .5 Slope between supports for drainage. h1 = (12 * L1 )2 * y1 / ( 0.13 / ( y1)0.13 / ( y1)0.5 Slope between supports for drainage.(y1)2 ) .5 W * (L2)4 + 9 Wc * (L2)3 ) / ( E * I ) Natural frequency estimate.75 W * L1^2 + 1. y2 = ( 4.Maximum Bending Stress Sw1 = ( 0. fn1 = 3.25 (12 * L1 )2 .75 Wc * L2) * Do / I Deflection. y1 = (22.

Mech Allowance c= 0.981 in Ar 0.313 in I= 59.000 ft fs 1. Pipe or Tube Dimensions: Nom.000 lb/in^3 Thickness Tr 0.000 Nom.50% and.911 in L1 32.000 in Ice Thickness Tice 0.250 2 Wc / W L ) S 5848.677 lb/ft Dio 12.625 in Nominal thickness: Tnom = 0.: Sch 40 Actual OD: Do = 8.759 in2 * n2 * Ins Wi 3.527 in4 d= 7.000 in Weight of concentrated load assumed at center of Wc 1. Thk.981 in Z= 16. h = 0.625 in Ai 66.866 lb/ft L 32.261 fy 1.000 ft .809 in3 Am= 8.316 y 0.000 in Corrosion.000 c) W 53. etc.063 in Liner on ID Density Lden 0.): t= 0.728 in fn 3.635 Aice 0.y2 ) h 2. Erosion.554 lb/ft dL 7.399 in2 dw 62.000 in2 Wr 0.669 Hz * L)2 .259 in R= 4.025 in2 Wf 21. Size: 8.322 in Thickness tolerance: Mill = 12.400 lb/ft3 n 0.083 ft/in Wp 28.000 dw Wice 0.000 lb/ft Af 50.000 lbs span (valves + flanges + animal.

209 psi y2 0.(y1)2 ) h2 2.010 psi y1 0. Sw1 6001.(y1)2 ) h1 2.5696 in Fn2 4.7283 in Fn1 3.000 ft Sw2 7907.913 in L2 45.278 in .147 Hz 1 )2 .668 Hz 1 )2 .

05 1 1.66 1 1/2 1.Nominal OD (in) 1/2 0.5 6 6.75 12 12.75 14 14 16 16 18 18 20 20 24 24 26 26 28 28 30 30 32 32 36 36 42 42 48 48 .5 4 4.625 8 8.84 3/4 1.315 1 1/4 1.625 10 10.9 2 2.375 3 3.

5 Slope of pipe between supports for drainage. dL = d .2 t )4 ] Pipe inside diameter.Dio 2]* /4 Ice weight (external w/ S.13 / y0.(Tnom * Mill % / 100 ) .h Outside radius of pipe.06E-03 lb/in^3 Thickness Ti 2 in Minimum pipe thickness. Sh / FS Sa = 5. = 0.Design Temperature Specific Gravity 1 Pipe or Tubing Material: Pipe or Tube Dimensions: CSA Z245.12 * Ai * n2 * Ins Ice area cross-section.12 for lagging). Wice = 0.d4) / Do Metal area of pipe cross-section. Wp = Pden * Am / n Pipe or liner or refractory inside diameter.2 W L2 / Z ) ( 2 Wc / W L ) Factor for modifying deflection value obtained by the basic formula for y Deflection. Wr = Lden * Ar / n Flow area.2 Tr Liner area cross-section.25 (12 * L)2 . Am = ( Do 2 . R = Do / 2 Pipe moment of inertia (based on t ).2833 lb/in^3 Relative weight factor (vs.2 Tnom Pipe section modulus. Dio = Do + 2 Ti Insulation area cross-section.(Do . d = Do .Do2 ) * π / 4 Insulation weight per unit length (w/ factor 1.448 Hot modulus of elasticity E= 2. t = Tnom . W = Wp + Wr + Wf + Wi + Wice (excluding Wc) Length of support span Factor for modifying stress value obtained by the basic formula for S Maximum calculated bending stress due to loads.y2 ) Length of support span (Single Span w/ Free Ends) .93E+07 psi Hot allowable stress Sh = 20. S = fs ( 1.000 psi Material density Pden = 0. water density. dw = 62. fn = 3. Af = d * L2 * π / 4 Fluid weight per unit length. y = fy (17. Ai = ( Dio2 .d2 ) * π / 4 Conversion factor.9 * Aice * n2 * dw Total weight per unit length. carbon steel) Mat = 1 Insulation Density Ins 7 lb/ft^3 Density 4.dL2 ) * π / 4 Liner weight per unit length.G.1 ( W L4 / E * I ) ) Natural frequency estimate. I = π / 64 [ Do4 . Z = π / 32 (Do4 .1 Gr. Wi = 1.000 psi Design stress.4 lb / cu ft Conversion factor: n = 1 ft / 12 in Pipe weight per unit length. Wf = SG * Af * n2 * dw Insulation outside diameter. Ar = ( d2 . h = (12 * L)2 * y / ( 0. Aice = [ (Dio + ( 2 * Tice ))2 .9) per unit length.c .

5 Slope between supports for drainage.(y1)2 ) . h1 = (12 * L1 )2 * y1 / ( 0.75 W * L1^2 + 1. fn1 = 3.25 (12 * L1 )2 . h1 = (12 * L1 )2 * y1 / ( 0. y2 = ( 4.25 (12 * L1 )2 . y1 = (22.5 W * (L2)4 + 9 Wc * (L2)3 ) / ( E * I ) Natural frequency estimate.13 / ( y1)0.5 W * (L1)4 + 36 Wc * (L1)3 ) / ( E * I ) Natural frequency estimate. fn1 = 3.75 Wc * L2) * Do / I Deflection.5 Slope between supports for drainage.5 Wc * L1) * Do / I Deflection.5 W * L2 2 + 0.Maximum Bending Stress Sw1 = ( 0.13 / ( y1)0.(y1)2 ) Length of support span (Single Span w/ Free Ends) Maximum Bending Stress Sw2 = ( 0.

809 in3 Am= 8.316 y 0. Pipe or Tube Dimensions: Nom.322 in Thickness tolerance: Mill = 12.759 in2 * n2 * Ins Wi 3.393 in L1 32.554 lb/ft dL 7.866 lb/ft L 32. Size: 8.000 in2 Wr 0.677 lb/ft Dio 12.981 in Z= 16.400 lb/ft3 n 0. etc.981 in Ar 0.635 Aice 0. Thk.Mech Allowance c= 0.000 lb/in^3 Thickness Tr 0.000 dw Wice 0.000 ft .000 in Corrosion.250 2 Wc / W L ) S 5848.625 in Nominal thickness: Tnom = 0.313 in I= 72.000 lb/ft Af 50.000 Nom.50% and. Erosion.000 in Liner on ID Density Lden 0.000 lbs span (valves + flanges + animal.000 c) W 53.000 in Weight of concentrated load assumed at center of Wc 1.322 in R= 4.598 in fn 4.047 Hz * L)2 .000 ft fs 1.025 in2 Wf 21.399 in2 dw 62.y2 ) h 2.083 ft/in Wp 28.409 in4 d= 7.625 in Ai 66.: Sch 40 Actual OD: Do = 8.000 in Ice Thickness Tice 0. h = 0.261 fy 1.): t= 0.

089 Hz 1 )2 .000 ft Sw2 4883.2642 in Fn2 6.045 Hz 1 )2 .395 in L2 39.060 psi y2 0.(y1)2 ) h2 1.5988 in Fn1 4.057 in . Sw1 4933.(y1)2 ) h1 2.416 psi y1 0.