IJPRD, 2011; Vol 3(7): October 2011 (51 - 55) International Standard Serial Number 0974 – 9446

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COMPOSITION OF LANTANA CAMARA LEAF ESSENTIAL OIL

Rabindra kumar singh1*,Balendra tiwari2
1
Department of chemistry, Mewar University, Chhittorghara, Rajasthan, India.
2
Visiting Professor, Department of chemistry, Mewar University, Chhittorghara, Rajasthan, India.

ABSTRACT
Correspondence to Author
Essential oil from Lantana Camara leaves extracted by hydro
distillation and compositional investigation carried out by GC
and GCMS, which identify fifty two components representing
78.97% of the total oil composition. The major constituents
were Trans -β caryophyllene (17.65%), sabinene (9.11%),
eucalyptol (7.53%), α -humulene (7.14%), bicyclogermacrene
(5.77%), germacrene D (2.35%), β -elemene (2.24%), nerolidol
(2.14%) and davanone B (1.22%).
Rabindra kumar singh

Department of chemistry,
Mewar University,
Chhittorghara, Rajasthan, India.

Email
rabindrakumarsingh1@gmail.com

Key Words
Lantana Camara, Verbenaceae,
Caryophyllene.

Available online on www.ijprd.com
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24%). The oil is reported to repellent activities toward bees RESULTS: and mosquitoes [2].25mm x 0.812 grams. α – phellandrene hydro distilled in five batches (125 gram of fresh leaves (15.ijprd.0m x 0. DDT.8%).International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Development ISSN: 0974 – 9446 INTRODUCTION column oven temperature was 70°c programmed at Lantana camara that belongs to Verbenaceae family is 2°c/min up to 270°c then held for 20 min.6%). from this natural source. The GC use DB5-MS column (60.14%). Give uniqueness to our blending in fragrance formulation.76%). The above was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and hexane report shows that different geographical region there is distilled off on a gently heated water bath.07 % of the oil. it is 1:50.3%). & KI while quantification done by FID. Fresh leaves of Lantana Camara were collected from Germacrene D (10. α -copaene (5. Its flowers are The injector and detector temperature were kept at small.22%). Camara leaf oils reported up to now from different The yield of oil obtained was found to be 0.8%).57%). limonene (16.77%). leaf is 270°c. usually yellow or orange changing to red.1%)[6]. In Africa. The major MATERIALS AND METHODS: component of oil from Bangladesh is Trans -β - Experimental Work: caryophyllene (13. an infusion of the leaves is The chemical composition analyzed on GC & GCMS by used to diagnose rheumatism.88%) [5]. β - elemene (7. countries[4-8] and Trans -β –caryophyllene is common component in all analysis of Lantana Camara leaf oil. with split ratio an evergreen aromatic shrub up to 0.13 %( w/w). sabinene (9. The matching mass fragmentation pattern with NIST.4%). α -humulene Deltamethrin etc. Willey mature plant produced up to 12000 seed annually.35%).0%).53%). The major Objectives: components were Trans -β caryophyllene (17. α –cedrene (8.11%). components representing 78.25 micron meter).com 52 . The identified peak detailed given in Table 1. Trans -β -caryophyllene (9. nerolidol (2.0%). Mass spectra were acquired over scan mode 20 – 550 amu. asthma. eucalyptol (7. β -elemene (2. The identification has done by GCMS Lantana Camara leaves are used in treatment of tumors.0%). tetanus and malaria and having antiseptic properties [1]. While the same oil from Ghaziabad (U.40%). and can use lantana oil. the Available online on www. Trans - with 400 ml water per batch) in Clevenger type β -caryophyllene (7. The MS operate in electron ionization at 70ev. The distillate was extracted with major contents are Trans -β -caryophyllene (10. The use of synthetic pesticide like Malathion. carrier gas helium at constant pressure of 21 psi. ovate 2-10 cm long & 2-6 cm wide & its fruits are Identification of component was carried out by greenish blue black color 5-7 mm in diameter. α - hexane (5x5ml) each batch. occurring as a weed throughout India. Fresh leaves were India shows α –farnesene (28. bicyclogermacrene (5.P.14%). The oil from North Brazil apparatus for 4-5 hrs. germacrene D polluted the environment to eradicate this problem. longifolene (10. and Adam’s library. Have high operational cost and (7. after that the hexane layer phellandrene (16. We also Isolates different chemical davanone B (1. coughs and colds above instrumentation parameter identify 52 [3] .3-3 in height. Germacrene D (20. Promotes use of DISCUSSION: natural pesticides in place of synthetic pesticides and The earlier investigation of leaf oil from India shows useful in the research for new medicine. GC-MS ANALYSIS: GCMS analysis of the oil was performed using an Agilent 7890A series GC connected with 5975C MSD and FID connected with splitter. Total oil great variation in the chemical composition of Lantana obtained after distilled off the hexane is 0.65%).5%) [8]. α –humulene (11. we (2.5%) [4]. India) in March 2011.

b 11 16. Mode Of S.hexenol 859 a.83 0.29 Hexanol <1-> 870 a.b 3 12.ijprd.64 1.08 3-octanol 991 a.b 2 10.14 9.64 octen-3-ol <1-> 979 b 8 15.01 β -myrcene 990 a.b 7 15.60 Cis -3.No RT Component KI (from FID) Identification 1 10.88 0.International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Development ISSN: 0974 – 9446 FIGURES & TABLES: Figure 1: GC Graph of Lantana Camara leaf essential oil Table 1: Composition of Lantana Camara leaf essential oil % Comp.31 0.44 β –pinene 979 a.b 10 16.48 1.34 1.b 4 13.15 α -thujene 930 a.87 0.98 α -pinene 939 a.32 0.b 6 15.14 α -phellandrene 1002 a.b 5 14.46 0.com 53 .44 Camphene 954 a.b Available online on www.15 0.11 Sabinene 975 a.b 9 15.

12 α -terpinene 1017 a.b 39 47.56 Camphor 1146 a.00 7.b 19 19.b 37 44.b 16 18.09 1.48 Bicycloelemene 1324 a.92 0.06 Cis-p-menth-2-en-1-ol 1121 a.02 α -cubebene 1348 a.33 γ -elemene 1436 b 38 45.40 Terpin -4.38 0.53 Eucalyptol 1031 a.b 28 29.ol 1177 a.carene 1011 a.49 α -terpineol 1188 a.28 α -terpinolene 1088 a.com 54 .b 32 41.b 22 22.b 13 17.b 41 47.48 δ -3.b 40 47.57 α -copaene 1376 a.b 29 38.b 18 18.b 35 43.b 20 20.29 0.99 Limonene 1029 a.39 γ -terpinene 1059 a.b 14 17.35 γ -muurolene 1479 a.75 0.80 0.b 21 21.65 Trans -β -caryophyllene 1419 a.b Available online on www.b 27 28.16 0.35 Alloaromadendrene 1460 a.b 33 41.Sabinene hydrate 1098 a.09 0.b 23 22.b 34 42.97 0.12 0.97 1.89 0.b 26 27.27 0.83 0.b 15 18.Sabinene hydrate 1070 a.39 0.14 α -humulene 1454 a.03 1.03 β -bourbonene 1388 a.48 7.08 0.49 Trans .b 30 38.16 2.International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Development ISSN: 0974 – 9446 12 16.21 isocaryophyllene 1408 a.71 0.67 17.21 0.24 β -elemene 1390 a.b 24 24.56 Linalool 1096 a.67 0.74 0.49 Borneol 1169 a.55 β -Copaene 1432 a.ocimene 1050 a.31 0.17 α -Terpinyl acetate 1349 b 31 39.85 Cis .75 Trans -β.ijprd.16 0.b 36 44.78 Cis -β.ocimene 1037 b 17 18.45 0.b 25 26.37 0.19 0.29 ρ -cymene 1024 a.

and Naquvi AA.87 Spathulinol 1578 a.43 1. Wild plants of Indian sub-continent and 7. Chowdhury JU.62 0. Narayanan CS.b 49 55.22 Davanone B 1566 a. CBS Pub & G. Zoghbi EB. Attri BS and Singh RP. Swamisunder KV. 384-385 (1978).b 50 55. 209-212. 1999. from Bangladesh. Flav. J.b 46 50.09 0. A note on Biological flowers from Camroon and Madagascar.b 45 50.32 2.b 43 49. Fragr. Indian Fragr.14 0. Fragr. Raju RA. From India.54 0. J. experiments. Das M. Schmaus G and Hammerschmidt FJ. 1. Dasilva JD and Maila JGS. 14.14 Trans .b 51 64. Srivastva SK. London.63 1. Jirovertz L.61 5. 1999. P 65.b 48 53. b = GC/MS. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Chemical Composition of leaf essential oil of We would like to thanks Mr. 65. Flav.57 2. Medicinal plant in West Africa.b 44 49.99 0. oil of Lantana Camara L.36 Phytol 1943 a.ijprd.b Note: RT = Retention time. 14.International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research & Development ISSN: 0974 – 9446 42 48. 1991.74 0. ***** Available online on www. Composition of Lantana Camara leaves and 2. 17. Padmkumari KP and Singh G. activity of the oil of Lantana Camara L. 208-210. Flav. Singh M Brazil. occurring in North 4. J. Nandi NC and Bhuiyan NI. 75-77. Luz AIR.b 47 53. Ltd for their valuable Bot. Entomol J. 2007. Singh G. Yonkeu S. Dasilva MHL. 1982.Nerolidol 1563 a..08 γ -cadinene 1513 a. 118.b 52 83.32 δ -cadinene 1523 a. Oliver-Sever B. 2002.35 Germacrene D 1485 a. Bangladesh Director M/S AFF aromatics Pvt. J. 35. Chemical Composition of Leaves & Flower oil of Lantana Camara L. 3. Ngassoum MB.77 Bicyclogermacrene 1500 a. a = Kovats index on DB-5. Lantana Camara L. 5. 39. 193-194.20 Mintsulfide 1741 a. Indian perf. Andrade EHA. 245-250. Chemical Investigation of the essential oil of Lantana REFERENCES: Camara. 2000.07 Caryophylene oxide 1583 a. 36(2). Srivastva KP. Buchbauer their economic uses. The essential Cambridge University Press. Chemical Distribution. Anand Jhunjhunwalla. New Delhi.11 β -selinene 1490 a.com 55 . Khan M. suggestions and providing us facilities to carry out 6. 8.