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Leadership Theory

Personality Trait

 Trait : Distinguish personal characteristics or trends in person’s behavior.

 Personality : A combination of traits that classifies as individual behavior.

Particular tendencies to feel, think, and act in certain ways that can
be used to describe the personality.

Personality Traits may play an increasingly important role in a
leader behavior.

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Qualities that a leader should model every day

• Focus • Decisiveness
• Confidence • Empowerment
• Transparency • Positivity
• Integrity • Generosity
• Inspiration • Persistence
• Passion • Insightfulness
• Innovation • Communication
• Patience • Accountability
• Authentic • Empathy
• Open-mindness • Confidence

Qualities that a leader should model every day

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Qualities that a leader should model every day

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Five Factor (or) OCEAN Model of Personality

In 1936, researchers had identified over 18,000 trait-related
adjectives in a standard English Dictionary.

These were reliably categorized into five broad personality
dimensions.

These dimensions are referred to in personality literature as
Five Factor Model (FFM) or OCEAN model of personality.

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Implications of the Five Factor or OCEAN Model

• Many organizations use the “Big Five Model of
Personality.”
• It has universal application.
• Leaders need to know their personality type.
• Best predictor of job performance is
conscientiousness dimension.

Personality Typology

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Psychological Preferences as a Personality Typology

Psychological Preferences as a Personality Typology

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Intelligence and Leadership

The Building Blocks of Skills

Skills/
Competencies

Easier to
Experience Change
Knowledge • Practical Intelligence
• Practical Intelligence

More
Intelligence Personality Values difficult to
• Analytic intelligence
Traits and Interests Change
• Synthetic abilities
•Creative intelligence Preferences Motives/Goals

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Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
One of the most comprehensive and compelling theories of intelligence developed and
tested over the past 20 years

Implications of the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Average Intelligence Test Scores by Management Level based on 200 separate studies
Average Power Test scores (Raw)

67

66

65

64

63

62

61

N= Supervisor First-line Manager Middle Manager Executive
1,042 2,785 3,929 3,038

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Cognitive Resources Theory
• Focuses on stress as the enemy of rationality and creator of unfavorable conditions.
• A leader’s intelligence and experience influences his or her reaction to that stress.

Emotional Intelligence (EQ)

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Emotional Intelligence Competencies
• The relationships between leader’s emotions and their effect on teams and outcomes

Where did it come from

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Models of Emotional Intelligence
 Ability Model – Mayer, Salovey and Caruso
 It defines the ability to perceive, understand, manage and use emotions to facilitate
thinking.

 Mixed Model
 Introduced by Daniel Goleman focuses on EI as a wide array of competencies and
skills that drive leadership performance.

 Bar-On Model
 Knowledge and abilities that enable people to cope with the effects of their work
environment.

Ability Model

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Mixed Model

Bar-On Model

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Emotional Intelligence Ability and Transformational Leadership
• The relationships between leader’s emotions and their effect on teams and outcomes

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Loss of Emotional Intelligence

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Lessons on Leadership from Ann Fudge

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