Planning Guide_2006.

qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 1


Urban Forum’s Handy Guide to England’s
Planning System, produced with assistance
from Planning Aid.
By Caroline Gaunt, Elin Gudnadottir and Louise Waring


Endorsed by the Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI)

Planning Guide_2006.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 2

Urban Forum’s Handy Guide to England’s Planning System, produced in conjunction with Planning Aid
First edition 2006
By Caroline Gaunt, Elin Gudnadottir and Louise Waring
Published by Urban Forum, 70 Cowcross Street, London EC1M 6EJ
First published 2006. © Urban Forum 2006
ISBN 0-9551421-1-3 ISBN 978-0-9551421-1-6
Designed and Printed in England by Eyemedia 01425 272197

Acknowledgements: Special thanks to
Sheena Terrace and Hannah Marshall (Planning Aid)
and Helen Walker (ASC). Pictures supplied by West
Midlands Planning Aid Service and Urban Forum

Glossary of Abbreviations
AAP: Area Action Plan
CEN: Community Empowerment Network
DCLG: Department for Communites & Local Government
DPD: Development Plan Document
EIP: Examination in Public
LAA: Local Area Agreement
LDF: Local Development Framework
LDS: Local Development Scheme
LSP: Local Strategic Partnership
MPS: Mineral Policy Statement
ODPM: Office of the Deputy Prime Minister
PPS: Planning Policy Statement
RPB: Regional Planning Body
RSS: Regional Spatial Strategy
RVSN: Regional Voluntary Sector Network
SCI: Statement of Community Involvement
SCS: Sustainable Community Strategy
SDS: Spatial Development Strategy is the Regional Spatial Strategy for
London (frequently referred to as the ‘London Plan’)
SP: Structure Plan
SPD: Supplementary Planning Document
UDP: Unitary Development Plan

The Planning System and How to Get Involved 8 Plan Preparation 8 National Level 8 Regional Level 8 Getting Involved – Regional Planning 9 Local Level 10 Getting Involved – Local Planning 12 Statement of Community Involvement 14 Development Control 15 Getting Involved – Submitting an Application 16 Getting Involved – Commenting on an Application 17 4.Planning Guide_2006. Introduction 4 2. Useful Contacts 21 Disclaimer 26 . What is Planning? 5 Why is planning important? 5 Who decides? 6 What links are there with the Sustainable Community Strategy? 6 How do I get involved? 7 3. Find out more? 19 Test of Soundness 20 5.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 3 >> CONTENTS 1.

It then pro- and voluntary organisations and members vides an overview of the planning system of the public who have limited experience at the national.Planning Guide_2006. where young people can meet. and to shape our surroundings (for example. (page 19) produced by Planning Aid with stantly participating in planning. The Guide is written by Urban Forum At the back of the Guide you will find a with assistance from Planning Aid. For example. to shape the decisions that are made. where we do our shopping. It is written for community who does what in planning. decisions about our surroundings are being made: houses and roads are being built. and environment. Past and present decisions determine how the areas we live in look today and therefore affect how we feel about an area and how we go about our daily rou- tine. If you list of useful contacts. the route we take to work. Both important question is whether you want Guides are endorsed by the Royal Town to play an active role in planning. This Guide starts by explaining what The aim of the Handy Guide is to give planning means. so whether please see the Planning Information Pack you are aware of it or not you are con. the have some control over the future of your Sustainable Community Strategy). The assistance from Urban Forum. how you the opportunity to be actively planning links with other strategies that involved in the planning process. why it is important. helping Planning Institute (RTPI). shopping centres are enlarged and areas are being regenerated.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 4 4 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING INTRODUCTION Every day. . These decisions are all made the items discussed in this Guide then through the planning system. where children can play. regional and local level of planning but would like to get involved. how we spend our leisure time and whether we can find space to park want more comprehensive information on the car. and explains how you can get involved.

such The value of early and continued involve- as the Sustainable Community Strategy ment of local communities in the planning are explored further on page 6. airports and community facili. The system can become more important with the passing seem complicated and full of jargon. The overall aim of the system is hoods. changes to your neighbourhood before fore goes beyond just looking at the use decisions are made.Planning Guide_2006. Development of land makes a big differ- ries. It brings how to influence it and make your voice planning together with the policies and heard. Act (2004). For example. there have recently been impor. including the prepa. of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase However.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 5 5 >> WHAT IS PLANNING? Planning is the system by Why is planning important? which the use and development of Planning directly affects our physical land is managed for the benefit of all environment and in doing so influences the community (for uses such as our quality of life and general well-being. The idea is development. housing. work and play in. Statement of Community Involvement ration of plans and decisions on planning (SCI) which sets out how the local applications. ence to how we feel about our neighbour- ties). to the ameni- serving and protecting the environ. Being involved will allow you to programmes which have an impact on hear about and influence proposed people and their environment and there. offices. to the design of a building. live. system has been recognised for some People often have negative feelings about time. Working with local people has the planning process. such as open space and to create better places for people to children’s play space. shops. Links with other strategies. schools. facto. ties that may be provided as part of a ment and local amenities. It is important to get involved early on in The Government has recently started to the planning process. of land. retail or industrial) development to take place and con. This seeks to increase com- tant changes to the system to enable munity involvement. so that you know talk about ‘spatial planning’. local communities to engage fully in all authorities are now required to prepare a aspects of planning. from the uses allowed in a partic- to ensure a balance between enabling ular area (like housing. authority intends to involve the communi- .

The SCS gathers together good ideas to transport and renewable energy. residents. Housing Need policy local authorities should follow on a Statements and Education Strategies. social services. although you may need to be Minister) which prepares Planning Policy aware of other strategies and plans Statements (PPS) setting out the planning including: Parish Plans. parts of it that relate to the development the Mayor).qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 6 6 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING ty in preparing plans and making deci. and the local authority) in order to pro- enced by other Government departments duce the SCS. Sustainable Community Strategy? Who decides? One of the objectives of the new Planning Local authorities are given legal powers to Act is to link planning with different manage development. number of issues including housing. The LSP brings the local authority in accordance with the together local agencies (such as the content of its plan. For example. Strategy (SCS) is of particular impor- formerly Office of the Deputy Prime tance. More Office (See sheet 1 of the Planning information on SCIs can be found on Information Pack for full details). planning is carried out overall framework for your local area. for area. LSPs should also include such as the Department for Environment. community groups and Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA). Department for Transport and Home sions on planning applications. The Sustainable Community Communities & Local Government (DCLG). strategies that already exist in your local seen by central Government (Dept. PPS1 sets out all local authorities in England must pre- the aims and objectives of the planning pare one to ‘promote or improve the eco- system (please see sheet 1 of the Planning nomic. retail. The process is over. Local authorities must take and use of land. or for London. and you may already be . The SCS sets out an At the regional level. health services National policy and action is also influ. The by the Regional Planning Bodies (usually planning system should deliver those the Regional Assemblies. social and environmental well- Information Pack for a full list). police.Planning Guide_2006. By law is numbered. Local Strategic Partnership (LSP) which Decisions on applications are made by exists in most areas. PPSs and regional plans into account when The SCS is normally prepared through the preparing their local plans. voluntary groups. Each PPS improve local areas and services. page 14 (see sheet 7 of the Planning What links are there with the Information Pack for full details). being in each area’.

make sure that your these plans. as well as guide future development. b) Development control: Prior to most development taking place. To find out if a development requires plan- How do I get involved? ning permission you need to speak to the Your involvement in the planning system. Given that the deci- planners and developers may not.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 7 7 you to influence the preparation of plans. sions on planning applications are made Whether you are a resident. at a local or regional level. published by Urban be aware that certain types of develop- Forum and the Community Development ment do not require planning permission. often through a This process is commonly known as devel- Community Empowerment Network. The remain- say in the planning system. . but sometimes referred to Further information on LSPs can be found as development management. it is important to influence the content of nity organisation. You should in the LSP Guide. planning department of your local authority. strict deadlines. views are being taken into account. Foundation (contact details on page 21). Decisions on planning applications are based on the content of regional and local level plans (see ‘Plan preparation’ above). group or part of a voluntary or a commu. the planning decisions that are being made through system is governed by regulations and the planning system will affect your envi. The sooner you get ronment so do say what you think! involved the more likely you are to be There are two main ways to have your able to influence decisions. resident in line with the plans (local and regional). a planning appli- cation must be submitted and approved at a local level by the local authority. is essential for Most people get involved in the planning successful development because you have system by making or commenting on knowledge of your area and its needs that planning applications. These are: der of this Guide gives you a brief a) Plan preparation: at both the regional overview of planning and aims to help level and the local level it is possible for you participate in the system. The In order to promote fairness. These plans set out a vision for how an area will develop and change over time. opment control. involved with your LSP.Planning Guide_2006.

This normally means development the Mayor prepares the Spatial that meets the needs of the present Development Strategy (SDS). is responsible for producing national guid- ance through Planning Policy Statements (PPS). is responsible for planning process. Strategy (RSS). plan preparation at national. The Dept. We then explain how you can get involved at regional and local levels. Planning Information Pack for full details). All plans and decisions made at the local and and Planning Circulars.Planning Guide_2006. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act (2004) has recently come into effect. there is regional level must be in line with national planning legislation. .qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 8 8 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING THE PLANNING SYSTEM AND HOW TO GET INVOLVED In this section. making the system the preparation and review of the region’s faster. policy and guidance legislation and policy (see sheet 1 of the but no national spatial plan. Mineral Policy Statements (MPS). Plan Preparation – Regional Level It has a number of aims. for Communities & Local Government (DCLG). usually it easier for people to participate in the the Regional Assembly. Parliament is respon- sible for making laws and setting out the legal framework for planning. PLAN PREPARATION Plan Preparation – National Level At the national level. In England. regional and local level is explained. simplifying the ways decisions are plan known as the Regional Spatial made and prioritising sustainable develop. including making The Regional Planning Body (RPB). The RSS generation without compromising the replaces Regional Planning Guidance and quality of life of future generations. County Structure Plans. except in London where ment.

transport. housing. infrastructure. which must be prepared. economic development. ments. > Find out who is being consulted ture. cover a 10–15 year period and deal with broad or strategic issues such as the num- >> REGIONAL TIPS ber and general location of new houses. RSS are sub-regional strategies and poli.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 9 9 The strategies. Sector Network (RVSN) to find These are known as consultation periods. When the RSS is prepared there will be > Contact your Regional Voluntary formal opportunities to get involved. to be heard. so make sure that In developing the RSS. To be included. The This is an opportunity for debate and test. Instead people are invited to appear. The RSS is important because it will guide what happens locally on issues such as > Look out for sub-regional plans environment. urban ting out who will be consulted and how. as housing developments. there will normally be a round-table discussion must be convinced that you have an known as an Examination in Public (EIP). out if they are involved in planning Any group or individual can submit com. there is no specific issues (See sheet 3 of the right to be heard at the EIP even if you Planning Information Pack). extensions and transport (see sheet 2 of the Planning Information infrastructure. rather than site- the system at the local level. Also included in the Participation Statement. Following consultations.Planning Guide_2006. the RPB . minerals and waste and will influence and make sure that your group is the content of your Local Development included in the Regional Framework (LDF). your written representations are duce a Statement of Public Participation focused on planning issues such or Regional Participation Statement set. Pack for full details). reason given for this is that the RSS is ing of issues that arise. unlike dealing with the broad. However. > Remember that there is no right cies that only cover part of the region. agricul. that affect your area. the RPB must pro. – see page 24 for contact details. > Keep your comments as simple Getting Involved – Regional Planning and focused as possible. important planning point to make. have submitted comments (known as ‘representations’).

density and affordable less formal and more flexible. things like the green belt. local area and the most important tion department are responsible for policies. called Development Plan Documents showing the location (or ‘allocation’) (DPDs) and planning decisions are made of the policies and proposals set out in accordance with them. include Supplementary Planning > Other Development Plan Documents or SPDs which fill in the Documents: for example. The development control func- Documents tion or development management is often > Core Strategy: this sets out the carried out by separate teams. controlling development. These documents are covering your local authority area.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 10 10 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING Plan Preparation – Local Level Below is a list of the main documents Many local authorities have a department or in the Local Development Framework: section that deals specifically with planning issues and in some. This map will show are good reasons not to. The LDF Policies: these are documents replaces the old style of Local Plans or which allocate sites for specific uses. general vision or overview for your Planning officers within the plan prepara. Development Plan bined with work on Sustainable Community Strategies. . The LDF should be seen as a folder which > Area Action Plan: these are contains various planning documents. prepared for areas where there is The most important of these are subject pressure for change. plan-making is com. including examina. through regeneration or conservation. access. housing. and is They may include details relating to intended to make the planning system design.Planning Guide_2006. Unitary Development Plans (UDPs). for example to strict procedures. the Local authorities prepare a separate Development Scheme and Statement of document listing the main policies for Community Involvement. unless there within the LDF. preparing the Authority’s Local > Site-Specific Allocations and Development Framework (LDF). details of policy which have already been Development Control Policies – some decided in the DPDs. tion by an independent person (known as > Proposals Map: this is a map an Inspector). housing Other documents contained in the LDF allocations and transport proposals.

This is a useful starting point for Supplementary Planning you to find out when the local authority Documents: These fill out details of will be preparing the various documents. prepared separately but all documents or longer if the Regional Spatial Strategy should be consistent with each other and (RSS) sets out a longer-term vision. this sets out the range of plans and timeframes for producing all the docu. The with other strategies (such as the LDF will be reviewed regularly over this Sustainable Community Strategy and period.Planning Guide_2006. Overall. the LDF looks ahead and sets out Each document in the LDF is likely to be a vision for your area of at least 10 years. policies contained elsewhere in the LDF. . by amending the various Local Transport Plan). on plan preparation and development control (see page 14 for more > Local Development Scheme (LDS): information). The LDF must documents within it in order to reflect reflect the RSS. They explain how and when your local authority will consult you other documents will be prepared.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 11 11 Local Development Framework (LDF) Documents KEY – Required ■ Optional ■ Project Plan ■ DEVELOPMENT PLAN DOCUMENTS Other Documents > Statement of Community You need to be familiar with these docu. changing needs and circumstances. Involvement (SCI): this explains how ments. > Your LDF may also contain ments.

will be board the comments made. This is the point when the ideas known at this early stage. as you Examination process starts and a further are more likely to influence thinking. Following the consultation. Don’t wait until the website. Remember. nity involvement has influenced the ments. they will seek suggestions and views on They must be able to show how commu- the issues to be covered by the docu. The next stage of the Examination sultation period. made available for a (fixed) six week con. It is very important to get involved as early as possible. the local allowed. at the porting evidence will be advertised locally ‘issues and options’ and/or ‘preferred and be made available on your authority’s options’ stages. the authority will then produce a ‘preferred local authority will need to show central options’ document. The documents and sup. This is often called the ‘issues and preparation of the ‘final’ document. Examination to make your comments. Get involved and make your State). This document.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 12 12 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING Getting Involved – Local Planning The Statement of Community Involvement (SCI) is key to your participation in plan- ning decisions that are made at the local level. six week period of consultation is Having gathered information. options’ stage. SCIs are looked at in more detail on page 14. with a number of formal consultation periods. including timescales and meth- ods of consultation. You should be aware that This ‘final’ document is then submitted to there is no fixed period for involvement in central Government (the Secretary of this phase. Government how they have taken on taining policies and proposals. process involves an Independent . The preparation of each DPD (see page 10) will follow set (strict) procedures. Your local authority must consider all the The local authority will start the process comments made at the preferred options with an information gathering phase when stage in preparing its ‘final’ document. the SCI will set out guidelines for how the community will be consulted. con.Planning Guide_2006.

Development Plan Documents. each document in the LDF will be reviewed on a regular > If you do provide comments at basis. > Seek advice from Planning Aid – see page 21. Therefore. For more or ‘preferred options’ stage . reviewed infrequently. > Keep your comments as simple and focused as possible. . but > It is important to be proactive. Anyone making com- >> LOCAL TIPS ments (known as ‘written representa- tions’) on the document during the con- > Find out when your local authority sultation period has the right to be heard is preparing its LDF documents. any comments submitted at this late stage must relate to the “tests of > Get involved as early as possible - soundness” which the Inspector will use ideally at the ‘issues and options’ to examine the documents. information on ‘tests of soundness’ and > Your views may not be taken into making written representations see page account if they are made late in 20 of this Guide. If remember you will not be able to you have ideas for how you want change policies already set out in your neighbourhood to be developed. This gives you more opportunity to the Examination. will be adopted unless the Inspector particularly the LDS and SCI and find out when the documents will thinks that they are not ‘sound’. be written and/or reviewed. the process. let your local authority know. However. of soundness’ which the Inspector Note: procedures for Supplementary will use to examine the document. where the ‘final’ document is examined by an inde- pendent Inspector. at the Examination.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 13 13 Examination (or Hearing). it is impor- tant to understand that the documents > Familiarise yourself with the LDF.Planning Guide_2006. Don’t wait until the Examination to make your Unlike the old system where plans were comments. Planning Documents are simpler. be sure to relate them to the ‘tests influence what goes into the LDF.

it will contact them to find be tailored to local > Check where your local authority out where they are in circumstances. your local authority for the LDF. . Local authorities must consult the com. interest in planning. consult SCI. local authority is erly meet the needs > If the SCI has already been produced aware of your of the community. Planning Information Pack for full details). In the ment to have an SCI before developing future there may be one SCI prepared by the LDF. There are formal opportunities to get and involve communities. this document. and or voluntary group. including the should be aware that there is no require. > Set out the range of techniques munity in preparing and reviewing their that will be used to inform. If you get involved in the SCI it should > Set out the types of organisations make it easier for you to participate in the and communities that the local preparation of other LDF documents. The is in preparing the SCI and if the preparation of requirements for the possible. You involvement strategies. authority will involve.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 14 >> Statement of Community Involvement (SCI) To successfully participate in the planning SCIs should: system it is important to be familiar with > Explain why the local authority your Statement of Community needs to engage with the Involvement (SCI).Planning Guide_2006. involved. But remember strict rules requir. If pos- SCI are a minimum sible get involved > If you are a member of a community and local authorities with the SCI. and what resources will your local authority will consult you on be provided to do so. ing proper consultation and involvement Sustainable Community Strategy and apply whether the SCI has been written Local Area Agreement (see sheet 7 of the or not. much more to prop. make sure you are expected to do make sure that the are included in the SCI. You need to speak to your local SCIs must also link to other community authority to find out when these are. This sets out the way community. plan preparation and development control. and you should Government. find out when it will be reviewed. Sustainable Community Strategy. participate in its production. Whilst the SCI must Local authorities must meet certain requirements set SCI TIPS >> consult the communi- ty in developing their out by central SCI.

and the ed powers’. reports prepared by their planning officers and have the final say on whether a plan- Once a planning application has been sub- ning application should be granted or mitted. area action Councillors. for full details). or commenting on an application. Your local authority enforcement matters (enforcement will have a set of criteria for applications includes where development has taken going to committee. the main documents of the LDF – the Development Plan Documents (DPDs). either by submitting an application. design. The decision will also take into ates. For minor applications.There are two ways of mentary planning documents. Councillors consider place without planning permission). These are known as ‘delegat- plans and the proposals map. It is a good idea to phone development control DPD if the authority and check how your local authority oper- has one. Councillors do not have to The decision to grant or refuse permission accept the advice given to them by their is made in line with the policies set out in officers but in most cases they do. . planning officers These are the core strategy. loss of light and supple. so you know how decisions will be account other issues (known as ‘material made. getting involved in development control.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 15 15 DEVELOPMENT CONTROL Normally. your local authority will assess it. refused. No two areas are the same (see considerations’) which will include things sheet 8 of the Planning Information Pack like noise.Planning Guide_2006. appeals and elected Councillors. site specific normally make decisions on behalf of allocations and proposals. decisions on large or con- The development control section within tentious planning applications are made your local authority generally deals with at a Planning Committee made up of planning applications.

Remember different local authorities location of the site and what you are pro. For most be notified of the decision in writing. take different approaches to committee posing. you may also authority to see how your require building regulations or listed build- application is progressing. . If the decision is being development is acceptable in principle. creating a play area or changing > Contact your local authority to the use of a building. applications decisions should be made The decision will either be for approval. applying for planning permission. It’s worth checking with your what kind of drawings are required. After the Councillors have looked development will be notified.Planning Guide_2006. need planning permission and any other > Keep in touch with the local consent (for example. then you should find out if you need planning contact your local authority. Check if you permission or any other consent. they will make a formal In making a decision your application will decision which will be sent to you in the be assessed against the policies set out post. Outline applications require less detail and can be used to find out whether a is 13 weeks). layout and design. local authority if there is the opportunity Submitted planning applications will be to attend and to speak about your appli- registered and those affected by the cation. full sheet 8 of the Planning and outline. within 8 weeks (for large applications it refusal or approval subject to conditions. with drawings showing the tion. for example extending a house.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 16 16 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING Getting Involved – Submitting an application TIPS>> If you are thinking about starting a devel- opment project. > Seek advice from Planning Aid – There are two types of application. at the application. ing consent). Ask your local authority exactly meetings. Full applications require full Information Pack provides details of the proposed development detailed information on including access. If the decision making has been del- in documents contained in the Local egated to a planning officer. you will also Development Framework (LDF). made by a Planning Committee you may All applications must be submitted to the be allowed to attend and may be given local authority on a form supplied by the opportunity to present your applica- them.

is the application in line with local authority is required to notify imme.Planning Guide_2006. your example. information as possible and ask to be able. on an application However if your local Ward Councillor Your local authority keeps a list of all sits on the Planning Committee. This is known as the ‘regis. It is important to read these documents as they will contain deadlines for receiving comments as well as details about where to get more information. If you need more detailed information on a specific development. For certain applica- tions the local authority is required to place a public notice in the local press.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 17 17 will affect them. before the deadlines. for In addition to keeping a register. contact your local authority’s planning department and ask to speak to the planning officer deal- If your application is refused. you have the right to appeal. notified of any changes or amendments However. Your authority will also produce a Committee Councillors have to remain weekly list of new applications which can neutral. Comments These lists contain important information must be made in writing and received on planning applications and provide con. Get as much with conditions you think are unreason. they may applications. be seen either on the internet. tact details for more information. You will be notified either by letter or a site notice (often seen on lamp posts). only the person or organisation to the proposal. be unable to advise you as all Planning ter’. Councillor and explain any issues you Getting Involved – Commenting may have with a specific application. or granted ing with the application. policies identified in the LDF documents? diate neighbours of any application that Does the proposal create traffic . Comments must be planning related. at your Everyone has a right to comment on local authority offices or on request. who submitted the planning application You can also contact your local Ward can appeal. other people’s applications.

contact comments on an application will be your local authority. Again. find out whether your local authority pro. satisfied with the decision there are only > When commenting on an limited opportunities to challenge the application. It is also worth > Be aware that there are strict remembering all comments on deadlines for making your comments. > Seek advice from Planning Aid – see contact details on page 21. planners dealing with the If you have commented on someone application to discuss your else’s planning application and are not concerns or support. Everyone who specific development. more likely to be heard. appropriate planning permission. give clear and decision (see sheet 15 of the Planning concise planning reasons. speak > Find out if there are other groups with your local authority and they may that are interested in the same decide to take enforcement action (see issues and join forces with them sheet 12 of the Planning Information if possible.Planning Guide_2006.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 18 18 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING problems? Are there design issues to consider? Are there access issues which need to be addressed? The decision TIPS>> cannot take into account the effect the proposed development could have on property values. > For detailed information on a vides this opportunity. where possible. Planning Committee you may be given > Check the local press and site the opportunity to attend and present notices for any information on your comments. and Information Pack). Meet with informed of the decision in writing. . That way you are Pack). you will need to new development in your area. applications are made publicly available. use the If you are concerned development has documents within the LDF to taken place in your area without the support your case. > View the register or the list of If the decision is to be made at a existing planning applications.

qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 19 19 >> FIND OUT MORE More comprehensive information on the issues outlined in this guide is available in The Planning Information Pack written by Planning Aid with assis- tance from Urban Forum.Planning Guide_2006. Conservation Areas 12 Enforcement 13 Planning and Small Businesses 14 Planning Obligations Further Information 15 Redress 16 Useful Contacts and Publications 17 Glossary .how to get involved 4 Local Development Frameworks .how to get involved 6 Independent Examinations and Examinations In Public 7 Statements of Community Involvement Development Control 8 Applying For Planning Permission 9 Commenting on Planning Applications 10 Appeals 11 Special Planning Consents: Listed buildings.what are they? 5 Local Development Frameworks . Sheet number Content Introduction 1 Spatial Planning in England Plan Preparation 2 Regional Spatial Strategies . The pack comprises a series of information sheets and is available from your regional Planning Aid office – see contacts on pages 21/22. References to these sheets have been made throughout this Guide.what are they? 3 Regional Spatial Strategies .

The criteria for assessing whether a development plan document is sound will apply individually and collectively to policies in the development plan document. Where the development plan document relates to housing. This will be important in clarifying the delivery mechanisms of the development plan document which will be part of the test of whether it is sound. where cross boundary issues are relevant.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 20 >> Test of Soundness Extract from Planning Policy Statement (PPS)12: setting out the test of soundness relating to development plan documents (see page 13). in London.” Office of the Deputy Prime Minister. policies and strategies relating to the area or to adjoining areas. and ix the plan is reasonably flexible to enable it to deal with changing circumstances. “The presumption will be that the development plan document is sound unless it is shown to be otherwise as a result of evidence considered at the examination. ii it has been prepared in compliance with the statement of community involvement. v it has had regard to the authority’s community strategy. local planning authorities should produce housing trajectories which will demonstrate how the plan will deliver the policies relating to housing provision. iii the plan and its policies have been subjected to sustainability appraisal.Planning Guide_2006. Conformity iv it is a spatial plan which is consistent with national planning policy and in general conformity with the regional spatial strategy for the region or. viii there are clear mechanisms for implementation and monitoring. having considered the relevant alternatives. and they are founded on a robust and credible evidence base. A development plan document will be sound if it meets the following tests: Procedural i it has been prepared in accordance with the local development scheme. Coherence. vii the strategies/policies/allocations represent the most appropriate in all the circumstances. the spatial development strategy and it has properly had regard to any other relevant plans. 2004 . consistency and effectiveness vi the strategies/policies/allocations in the plan are coherent and consistent within and between development plan documents prepared by the authority and by neighbouring authorities. or with the minimum requirements set out in the Regulations where no statement of community involvement exists.

uk Great Shelford Royal Town Planning Institute Cambridgeshire CB2 5WY 41 Botolph Lane. 11-29 Fashion Street Please note the above web address London E1 6PX is for all of the following Planning Tel: 020 7247 4900 Aid regional offices Email: info@planningaidforlondon. Regional Assemblies and Regional Voluntary Sector Networks. London EC1M 6EJ Cambridgeshire. Urban Forum Planning Aid Regional Offices 70 Cowcross Street East of England (Bedfordshire. Tel: 020 7253 4816 .urbanforum. E-mail: Unit 2 Web: including Planning Aid’s regional offices.rtpi.rtpi. Tel: 0870 8509801 London EC3R 8DL Email: eeco@planningaid. Gibb Street Birmingham B9 4AA London (Greater London including all Tel: 0121 693 1201 outer London Boroughs) Email: Hertfordshire (excluding London Fax: 020 7253 4817 Boroughs) Email: info@urbanforum. Tel: 020 7929 9494. The Custard Factory Email: wmco@planningaid. Nottinghamshire) Web: 15 Wheeler Gate Nottingham NG1 2NA National Planning Aid Unit Tel: 0870 850 9802 Unit Po Box 982 Web: Web: www. Fax: 020 7929 9490 East Midlands (Derbyshire.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 21 21 USEFUL CONTACTS A list of useful Leicestershire. National Bodies.rtpi.Planning Guide_2006.

rtpi. 99 Water Lane. Isles of Scilly.Planning Guide_2006. Claremont Tower Narrow Quay Newcastle NE1 7RU Bristol BS1 4QA Tel: 0870 850 9803 Tel: 0870 850 9807 Email: the East Riding of The Green Sand Foundry.rtpi. North West (Cheshire. Bristol Architecture Centre.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 22 22 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING North (County .uk Birmingham B9 4AA Tel: 0121 766 8044 South (Berkshire. The Historic Dockyard Chatham Kent ME4 4TS Tel: 0870 850 9806 Email: seco@planningaid. Cornwall. Yorkshire. Leeds LS11 5QN Surrey and Kent (Excluding London Tel: 0870 850 9808 Boroughs) Email: ykco@planningaid. South East (East and West Sussex. West Eastleigh. Email: Warwickshire. 2nd Floor. Admirals Offices. Greater West Midlands (Herefordshire. Planning Channel Islands) Newcastle University. Tees Valley and Tyne and Wear) Dorset. Unit 319 Cheshire M33 7SF The Custard Factory Tel: 0870 850 9804 Gibb Street Email: nwco@planningaid.rtpi. Devon. Friars Court Kent Architecture Centre 1st Email: Buckinghamshire. Oxfordshire) PO BOX 429 Yorkshire (North Yorkshire. Somerset. Department of Town And Country Shropshire. Cumbria & South West (Avon. Merseyside) Worcestershire. Isle of Wight. Hull and North and Hampshire SO53 2YJ North East Lincolnshire) Tel: 0870 240 7552 Email: soco@planningaid. West Sibson Road Midlands Conurbation) Sale. .uk Quayside East Midlands Regional Assembly Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 3AF First Floor Suite Tel: 0845 673 3343 Council Offices Fax: 0191 232 4558 Nottingham Road Email: Melton Mowbray Suffolk IP28 6EG Web: Tel: 01284 728151 Fax: 01284 729429 North East Assembly The Guildhall Web: Leicestershire Web: London SE1 2AA Tel: 020 7983 4100 Fax: 020 7983 4057 Email: East Midlands LE13 OUL South East Regional Assembly Tel: 01664 502555 Berkeley House Fax: 01664 568201 Cross Lanes Email: The Queen’s Walk Web: Surrey GU1 1UN Greater London Assembly Tel: 01483 555200 Greater London Assembly Fax: 01483 555250 City Hall Email: secretariat@southeast-ra.emra.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 23 23 Regional Assemblies North West Regional Assembly Wigan Investment Centre East of England Regional Assembly Waterside Drive Flempton House Wigan WN3 5BA Flempton Tel: 01942 737916 Bury St Edmunds Email: Guildford Web: Web:

uk 156 Pilgrim Street Newcastle Upon Tyne NE1 6SU West Midlands Regional Assembly Tel: 0191 233 2000 Regional Partnership Centre Fax: 0191 222 1998 Albert House Email: Suite D10 Josephs Well Web: www.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 24 24 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING South West Regional Assembly Regional Voluntary Sector Dennett House Networks 11 Middle Street Taunton North East Somerset TA1 1SH Voluntary Organisations Network Tel: 01823 270101 North East (VONNE) Fax: 01823 425200 9th Floor Email: Wakefield Web: Ardwick Green North Web: West Yorkshire WF1 2SQ Yorkshire and the Humber Tel: 01924 331555 Yorkshire and HumberRegional Fax: 01924 331559 Forum Email: Cale Cross Web: 92 Hanover Walk Leeds LS3 1AB Tel: 0113 394 2300 Fax: 0113 394 2301 Email: Edward Street North West Birmingham B1 2RA Voluntary Sector North West Tel: 0121 245 0200 (VSNW) Fax: 0121 245 0201 St Thomas Centre Email: .uk Manchester M12 6FZ Yorkshire and Humber Regional Tel: 0161 276 9300 Assembly Fax: 0161 276 9301 18 King Street Email: Quay Place Web: Web: Tel: 01392 823758 Web: West Midlands Web: East of England Web: Web: Rectory Farm Barns London Walden Road Third Sector Alliance Little Chesterford C/o London Voluntary Service Council Cambridge CB10 1UD 356 Holloway Road Tel: 01799 532 880 London N7 6PA Fax: 01799 532 899 Tel: 0207 700 8124 Email: Fax: 01483 574439 Email: Fax: 01392 823033 Email: COVER Eagle Tel: 01483 500770 Web: Email : Fax: 0207 700 8108 Web: www. Waterlinks House South West Forum Richard Street Unit Regional Action West Midlands (RAWM) South West 2nd Floor. Cranmere Court Birmingham B7 4AA Lustleigh Close Tel: 0121 359 9100 Matford Business Park Fax: 0121 359 9101 Exeter EX2 8PW Email: rawm@rawm.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 25 25 East Midlands South East Engage East Midlands RAISE Nottingham Voluntary Action Centre Berkeley House 7 Mansfield Road London Square Nottingham NG1 3FB Cross Lane Tel: 0115 934 8471 Guildford Fax: 0115 934 8498 Surrey GU1 1UN Email:

uk ODPM National Association of Councils for Web: 2/6/06 15:01 Page 26 26 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING Other information Planning Portal Web: Action with Communities in Rural England (ACRE) Information on your local Council Somerford Court. London SW1Y 5AS Tel: 020 7930 8903 Fax: 020 7930 3280 Email: DISCLAIMER All rights Web: www. While every effort has been taken to check the accuracy of the information in this Handy Freephone: 0808 800111 Web: Voluntary Service (NACVS) Friends of the Earth 177 Arundel Street 26-28 Underwood Street Sheffield S1 2NU London Tel: 0114 278 6636 N1 7JQ Fax: 0114 278 7004 Tel: 020 7490 1555 Email: Fax: 01285 654537 Email: Readers are advised to seek advice from their local planning authority and or a professional planning consultant before proceeding on any planning Circencester BBC iCAN! Gloucestershire GL7 1TW Web: Tel: 01285 653477 www.Planning Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) . .uk Town and Country Planning Association (TCPA) 17 Carlton House Terrace.formerly Web: Urban Forum and Planning Aid cannot be held liable for any financial loss resulting from the advice contained Web: www. Somerford Road Web: www.

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the planning process.000 members and is leading the way in helping create places that work both now and in the future. and play a role in. This Guide has been supported by the Academy for Sustainable Communities .Planning Guide_2006. Working from the ground up. We also work with communities to help them understand. Planning Aid is an independent source of advice and information. The Royal Town Planning Institute is a dynamic organisation with over 19. where it seeks to influence policy-making.qxd 2/6/06 15:01 Page 28 THE HANDY GUIDE TO PLANNING Urban Forum is a national membership charity for URBAN FORUM community and voluntary groups involved in regeneration. Planning Aid is a charitable organisation that provides free independent and professional advice on town and country planning issues to community groups and individuals who cannot afford to pay for professional help. Urban Forum takes messages from communities to Government.